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-v. pwwnw Vlti (|atholiti».v f^uiretin. %-£4l* OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE ARCHDIOCESE OF ST. PAUL Published every Saturday at 316 New ton BIdg., Fifth and Minnesota Streets, St. Paul, Minnesota, by fke Catholic Bulletin Publishing Co* SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $1.50 a year, if paid in advance. $2.00 a year, if not paid in advance. Advertlnlns Ratea on Application. All advertisements are under edito rial supervision. None but reliable firms and reputable lines of business are ad vertised and recommended to our read ma. A mention of THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, when writing to advertisers, will be mutually beneficial. The mailing label on your paper is a receipt for your subscription, and a re inind'-r of the date of its expiration. To insure change of address, the sub scriber must give the old, as well as the new, address. Remittance tftay be made by Draft, Post Office or Express Money Order or Registered Letter, addressed to THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, 315 Newton Bldg., St. Paul, Minnesota. Rev. James M. Reardon, Editor. Entered as second-class matter, Jan uary 12, 1911, at the post office, St. Paul, Minn., under Act of March 3,1879. SATURDAY, MAY 1, 1915. The month of May—the month of Mary Yon have many crosses to bear, says Fenelon, and you must be in need of them, if God sends them. These crosses, if borne with resig nation, become the stepping-stones to higher things. The church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mor ris, Minn., is the first to take ad vantage of our oft'er to donate $100 in cash to any church which secures 200 new paid-in-advance yearly subscriptions for The Cath olic Bulletin. There is no better stimulus to right living than attendance at daily Mass and there is no better preservative of personal purity in 1he midst of a sinful world than frequent Communion. Both are within the reach of many more Catholics than now take advan tage of them. During the month of May the devout children of Marv^will make it a point to hear Mass frequently, .at least, if not every day, in her |honor. The sacrifice this entails will be rewarded a hundredfold by Ilim Who not only loves to honor the Mother who bore Him, but rejoices to see her held in proper esteem by others. From the first of May -until the thirty-lirst of August, inclusive, in the Province of St. ijaul, the ora tion "Pro Quacum|[ue Necessi tate" is to be said at Mass, when ever the rubrics permit and on the Sundays during this period the Litany of the Saints is to be re cited at the principal Mass in all churches for the purpose of ob taining a bountiful harvest. The sacrifice or Protestant churches in Manhattan, due to changes in population, continues, says the New York Sun of recent date. Union Methodist, church in Forty-eighth street, iworth $200, 000, has come to an end or will soon do so, no minister having been assigned to it, and three Re formed churches have» recently passed out of existence. Only four weeks more before the end of the Easter season which closes on Trinity Sunday, May W. Those who, at the beginning of Lent, did not hesitate to postpone the making of their Easter duty on the plea that there would be plenty of time to fulfill that obliga tion later should now realize the folly of their course. In this mat ter, as in all others of importance, delays are dangerous. There is yet time, of course, but, day by day, the obligation becomes more urgent and the consequences of final neglect more disastrous. Scribner's Magazine is the latest fttifolication to join the ranks of those which exclude liquor adver tisements from their columns. The publishers, Charles Scribner's Sons, have just announced th.it hereafter the pages of the maga zine will give no publicity to the liquor business. They have can celled the only contract, for liquor advertising appearing in recent issues of the magazine. ''In the future," the publishers deQlare, Scribner's will accept no liquor advertising." Many papers inaugurated this policy long ago. A few Catholic publications seem to be unwilling to take the step. Why not make a little financial sacrifice, if neces sary, for the good ol the cause? rt Did you buy a Catholic book this year? Do yon ever, on a fine morning rise at six of a weekday and attend an early Mass. Look «*g4»aek ever-the past mootk^bave 1: 5 *.v*pv, f»*-| yon had an opportunity of ex plaining some Catholic matter to a non-Catholic friend—and did you do it? Do your children ever hear you talking on a religious subject or doctrine at, the dinner table? Do you ever start out of a morning to live this day as if it were to be your last? Good men advise this practice. At the end of the day, do you think of any little deed you did to make another smile or a sad man feel better? We hope you can answer yes to at least one of these six haphazard questions. They suggest the im portant matter of making our re ligion vital and bringing our faith into plav as a factor in our daily life. Under the title, "Echoes of the War," the national office of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith has published an illustrated pamphlet describing the conse quences which the European war is having for the missions, espe cially those among the heathen, entirely dependent on the charity of Catholics. Letters from missionaries in all parts of the world make up the pamphlet and they may be summed up in a very few words: "Since the beginning of the war, most of our supplies have been cut off we are closing schools, orphanages, hospitals our missions are going to destruction we appeal to your charity, American Cath olics Save us, we perish "Echoes of the War" will be mailed free on application to Rt. Rev. Joseph Freri, G27 Lexington Avenup, New York City. THE CHRISTIAN BROTHERS. The gfeat need *f the Church today, as we all knowT, is Chris tian education and in order that Christian education may be as widely diffused as possible. Chris tian teachers mnst be found to carry on the work. The vocation of a teacher imbued with a proper understanding of hifc duty to in culcate truth, form character and develop right habits of life and conduct is a sacred one because of the responsibilities attached to it. This is in a special manner true of the teachers to whom the Church entrusts the task of, train ing her children in schools con ducted under her auspices. The most of the teaching in Catholic schools is done by the different Sisterhoods who make the Christian instruction, of the young their life work, who give themselves up to the task with a devotion unknown among those who are not actuated by religious motives. We cannot pray too earnestly that^ the number ^of teaching Sisters may increase, that new accessions may be made to their ranks day by day in order that the great work of education in which they are engaged may not suffer for want of recruits. But, in addition to' the work done by the Sisterfc for girls and for boys pf tender age, there is need of a Christian training for boys more advanced in years and to these the Christian Brothers minister with a zeal which knows no bounds and suffers no abate ment as the years go by. Were it not for the Brothers of the Chris tian Schools, little could be effec tively done in the way of impart inga Christian education to Cath olic youths. This is the special vocation of the Christian Brothers, a work to which they have con secrated themselves from super natural motives, for love of God and the welfare of the rising gen eration. On more than 6ne occasion we have noted the excellent work done by the Christian Brothel's in charge of Cretin High School in St. Paul, and De La Salle Insti tute in Minneapolis. These insti tutions are unrivalled for the ex cellence and efficiency of the in struction given to their pupils. The business and professional men of the Twin Cities are un stinted in their praise of the grad uates of these schools, many of whom occupy positions of respon sibility in their respective com munities. They are everywhere recognized as well-trained, effi cient, energetic. Courteous, trust worthy, conscientious, devoted to the interests of their employer and willing to let the question of promotion rest upon their ability o make good in whatever position they are placed.. The success of the Christian Brothers as instfnetors of the young is due to the fact that they are teachers atid nothing else. They have "no side lines, no fads. The sole purpose of the Institute is to develop the character, mould the conscience and train the intel lect of the pupil. In this work they are actuated by supernatural motives which enable them to labor solely for the honor and glory of Almighty God. The life which they lead is one of self sacrifice. To the worldling it seems too arduous for flesh and blood but the self-sacrifice is sweetened and the daily toil light ened by the religious motives which actuate them and in the pursuit of their vocation they find sate# ij- the sweetest joy the individual can experience. From the very nature of their life and work,, the Christian Brothers experience no little diffi culty in securing recruits for their Institute, especially in this age wlien worldly considerations loom so large in the vision of the young men who stand on the threshold of life. If the Christian Brothers could secure more subjects for their order, they would be able to fill some of the hundreds of places which are now clamoring for them. But their members are too few to allow them to expand as the needs of religion demand. It is, therefore, a great aid to the Church and to Christian educa tion to foster vocations for the Christian Brother^ Catholic par ents who have boys of an age to think about their future should plaee before them the prospect of a life spent in the education of the young from purely superna tural motives. In other words, they should call their attention to the Christian Brothers and ascertain whether or not they have a vocation to that life. At the present time there is in St. Paul a Christian Brother espe cially delegated by his superiors to seek recruits for the Order. Brother Baldwin, formerly Di rector of Novices at the Mother house in Glencoe, Mo., is now visit ing the Christian Brothers' schools in Minnesota and will be glad to meet any boys who feel an inclina tion to join the Brotherhood. His headquarters is at Cretin High School, St. Paul, and parents who have boys of an age to join the Christian Brothers would do well to call upon him and talk the mat ter over with him. In order to make the life and work of a Christian Brother bet ter known, Brother Baldwin is authorized by the Most Reverend Archbishop to visit a number of parishes in the Archdioeese where he will confer with the pastors and meet eligible candidates for the Order. Ilis presence in a par ish will stimulate interest in the work of the Institute and afl'ord an opportunity to all who are in terested in his mission to call upon him and discuss the question of a vocation with him. He has been a member of the Christian Brothers for forty-five years and during all of that time has been engaged in the work of teaching, lie knows boys thoroughly and his experience as a director of novices gives assurance that he will be able to assist prospective candi dates in their efforts to determine whether or not, they have a voca tion for the Christian Brothers. PRAYERS FOR PEACE DURING MAY. The following decree has been published in Rome: "His Holiness Pope Benedict XV, moved by the pious desire to increase more and more devotion to the Blessed Virgin, to whom the month of May is consecrated, and animated, moreover, by the consoling confidence that through the powerful intercession of the Mother of God, who, amongst her titles, possesses that most noble one, Queen of Peace, the end of the present most grievous war can be brought about as soon as pos sible, has ordered that throughout the whole Catholic world shall be recited every day during the sacred functions of the month of May the Prayer for Peace com posed by Ilis Holiness to which prayer the Holy Father has been good enough to attach an Indul gence of three hundred days, to be obtained once in the day, and a Plenary Indulgence, to be obtained in the customary form of the Church by the faithful who shall have taken part for not less, than twenty days in the recitation of the said prayer. "From the Vatican, April 9, 1915. "PETER CARD. GASPARRl, "Secretary of State to A r-} •",- •"5' v •". •"'-, s.:-.' *, .v-. v- *KVw -H? 1 •.- •«-A V*. v v s •'^. -.*.,• ,• •.»* .-• -k .,. v.vv ,*,.•••••-. %y "v1 •, .. .* .•••,,.- •. •. .y* vr..» v r-v "-. s* THE CSTHQLIC BULLETIN, Ilis Holiness.'* The Prayer for Peace composed by His Holiness Pope Benedict XV, to which the foregoing decree re fers, has already been published in The Catholic Bulletin and is familiar to our readers. Those who cannot attend the May devo tions and thus gain the indulgence attached to the public recitation of this prayer, should, neverthe less, make it a practice to recite' it in private for the specific pur pose intended by the Holy Father. BLOW TO BIGOTRY. At the city election held recent ly in Winona the candidates endorsed by the so-called Guard ians of Liberty" went down to ignominious defeat. For many months the "Guardians" and their followers had been striving to arouse the voters to a realiza tion of the danger to the munic ipality involved in the election of Catholics or even of fair minded non-Catholics to official positions. They had held secret meetings to endorse candidates, brought bigoted lecturers to foment religious hatred, and had used every underhand means sug gested by their well-known disre gard for the righis of others to set citizen against citizen oil the sole ground of religion. That they failed in their efforts is a tribute to the large number of right minded and representative citizens of Winona who, by turning down candidates endorsed by the G. O. L., showed their utter contempt for such un-American principles and disreputable tactics. It was a victory for decency and true Americanism, and will do much to break the "machine" which the Guardians" have tried to build up in Wipona, during the past two years.- CATHOLICS IN THE Y. M. & A. In a recent issue" of The Queen's Work'' of St. Louis, Fa ther Garesche, the editor,'stated that the data gathered by him regarding the membership of the Y. M. C. A. showed that there were 150,000 Catholics in the As sociation, or more than twenty per cent of the total membership. A discussion now going on in the columns of "America" about Catholics and the Y. M. C. A. throws no light ott this phase of the question. We cannot close otir eyes to the fact that a considerable number of Catholics affiliate with the Y. M. C. A. for the sole purpose of benefiting by the educational and athletic facilities which it affords. If this be regarded as constituting membership in the association, it is not unlikely that the figures given by Father Garesche are sub stantially correct. In many local ities the Y. M. C. A. alone fur nishes these facilities and Catho lics who are unwilling to patron ize the Association must of neces sity forego these opportunities for intellectual and physical develop ment. In many of the larger cities and towns, Catholic organizations are making an effort to provide reading rooms, gymnasiums and social centers for Catholics and wherever this is done Catholics should not be slow to show their appreciation by joining these or ganizations whenever it is possi ble, or at least by. patronizing them. Until similar institutions are available in every important center, it will impossible to keep Catholics^ away from the Y. M. C. A., even though they know that the Association is es sentially Protestant. Every intel ligent Catholic is aware that the constitution of the Y. M. C. A. debars Cathojics, Jews and Uni tarians from a voice in the man agement, from membership on the board of directors. They know that none but Members of evan gelical churchf?.^' enjoy the full rights and privileges, of the Asso ciation, and while they do not go to the Y. M. Cr A. for religious instruction or do not participate in its religious work, they realize that the atmosphere is non-Catho lic and, as such, unfavorable for the growth and development of the Catholic ideals which are so essential in this age of indifference and irreligion. With a view of obtaining first hand information in regard to the membership of the Y. M. C. A., we consulted the General Secre tary of the Association in this city who assures us that no record is made of the religious affiliation of any one applying for membership unless the applicant voluntarily gives the information. He de clares that he has no means of knowing how many Catholics patronize the educational and ath letic features of the local Y. M. C. A. because no records are kept which would throw light upon the Church which the members attend. According to him, it is the same in all the local branches. It would seem, therefore, that the Y. M. C. A. does not obtrude its religious features nowadays as much as it formerly did. It is policy, no doubt, to keep religion in the background when there is question of extending its influence or gathering in funds for its sup port. Many prominent members of the Y. M. C. A. believe it is a mistake to insist upon its Evan gelical Protestantism to the ex tent of debarring Catholics and others from a voice in the manage ment. We know of at least one local branch of the Association which has dropped this provision from its constitution. We would be glad if any of our readers could throw light on the question of Catholic membership in the Y. M. C. A. It is a point upon which it is difficult to obtain reliable information because of the fact that some branches of the organization, at least, do not keep a record of the religion of its patrons. IlSLIGijUOlirEBI RECEIVED INTO THE CHURCH BY ,ABBOT OF CALDEY, The Rev. J. a. Beaumont 'was re ceived into the Church by Abbot Ael red of Caldey, England, on Holy Saturday. Mr. Beaumont was for fif teen years incumbent of St. John's Church, St. John's Wood, London, aud is an ex-Mayor and Alderman of the borough of Maryfettone. .'V: (•"•niiilmii'd 'from Tng-«* THE PROBLEM OF DIVORCE of this century, we will have annually in the United States 275 divorces per 100,000 population, or one divorce for every five marriages. In 1887 there was one divorce for every seventeen marriages in 1906, one for every twelve marriages, and at the same rate we will have in 1946 the appalling fig ure of one divorce for every five mar riages. Our closest competitors in Europe are Switzerland, with 41 divorces -an nually per 1.00,000 population Hun gary, with 35, and Krnnce, with 3:5 according to the statistics for 1910 and 1911, while Japan has J22 divorces to our 86. 'i o make a moat.striking comparison, during 1901 the total number of di vorces granted in the United States was more than twice as great as in all the rest, of Christendom combined yes, actually more than two times as many divorces among 75,000,000 Amer icans that year as among the 400,000, 000 souls of Europe and other Chris tian countries. England stands in bold contrast with this country. In 1911 she grant ed a total of only 655 divorces or 1% per 100,000, while in 1906 the United States allowed 72,062 divorces, or 86 per 100,000. During the twenty years ending with 1906 Ireland had only 19 divorces, or an average less than one absolute divorce per year for the entire population of 4,500,000. If the United States were to write in the Constitution an amendment pro hibiting absolute divorce, it woiud not be taking sych a radical step as flight at first be thought, but would be fol lowing a beaten path. The State of South Carolina—all honor to her—forbids divorce. It, is absolutely prohibited in Italy, Spain, and to two-thirds of the population of Austria-Hungary, while the Latin American countries of Mexico, Arge^ tine Republic, Brazil, Peru, Chili, and others have similar laws. A legal separation, however, with out the right to remarry, is recog nized in all of these jurisdictions. In Canada the important provinces of Quebec, Ontario, Newfoundland, and the northwest territories have no divorce laws, though divorce may be obtained in exceptional cases by spe cial act of the Canadian Parliament. From 1867 to 1909—a period of 4 years—these provinces had only 140 absolute divorces. An average of 3.33/, divorces per year in a popula tion of 5,667,531. It cannot be gainsaid that divorce destroys the home, and the home is the base and foundation of the State hence we must stop divorce or ruin the State, which cannot continue to exist if its base is allowed to crumble and fall. The Downfall of Roman Power. Let us turn to the history of Rome, the greatest Republic and Empire of the ancient world, examine her cus toms, take warnings from .h^r exam ple, and try to "profit tiy" her kkjttiK ence. Senator Ransdell here entered into a careful review of the history of an cient Rome showing that up to the latter days of the Republic the form of marriage was essentially a religious one. But gradually the wealth of the world was poured into the lap of Rome philosophical scepticism and Oriental superstitions undermined the morals of the people. Luxury and sen suality went hand in hand, and the Romans, enervated by a life of ease, became victims of the most depraved vices. Conjugal fidelity became the scoff of the poet marriage vows the target for the shafts of the satirist, and womanly virtue the laughing stock of the servile courtier. Finally mar riage lost its religious character and became a civil contract. Thus the final disintergation and destruction of. the Western Empire was caused, not by a foreign army, but by its own. For Rome had no Romans left to fight her battles. His tory relates this in no uncertain words. And this was the logical and inevitable result of divorce coupled with luxury. Let us take this lesson to heart and apply it to our own country and our own times. Simultaneous with the change in the sacramental character of the Roman marriage came the belief that the mar riage tie could be broken and once this idea was prevalent, frequent di vorce became only a matter of time. As soon as the zeal of religion was re moved from marriage, it became a mere transient. The same thing Is true of modem times. As^long as the Catholic view of marriage was accepted through out the Christian countries, and its sacramental character acknowledged, divorce was unknown. But when the specious doctrine that marriage was a civil contract, of civil status in which the church has no con cern was promulgated by the early re formers, the sanctity and indissoluble ity of that relation was denied. Denial of Sanctity of Marriage In creases Divorce. denial of the religious charac ter of marriage in so many countries of the world was the greatest blow ever received by the Christian home, and it is doing more to encourage di vorces than all other causes combined. If marriage be not a solemn, religious ceremony, requiring the sanction of the church to which the parties belong, but a mere civil contract between a man and a woman, it seems quite logical that it could be dissolved by mutual consent like other contracts, and I venture the assertion that if we do not speedily return to the re ligious marriage, the propagandists of free love and absolute freedom in all things will have made such prog ress before the close of this century, that many marriages in the United States will be contracted and dis solved at will, without the interven tion of ministers of religion, or eourts of law* just as in Rome before its fall. j: ifr Beyoad question^tbe enormoas and startling increase of divorcc in the United States and other'countries, hi the past half ceritury„ is .-due to a lack of respect for the most sacred of human relations, though a disbelief in its sacramental character, and the growth of individualism, the idea that the happiness of a single person must override every other consideration. The storm must be checked, or the deluge will follow. Senator Ransdell reviewed the his tory of the bill which is presented in the United States Senate, and told of the staunch support it had received from many leading men, especially the Senators from South Carolina. He also -cited the facility with which di vorces were granted in many State®, and for the most ridiculous charges Advice to Lawyers. He continued with the following ad vice-to the law students of Loyola: To the young gentlemen of the Law Department of Loyola,, and to my brother-lawyers throughout the Union, I wish to give a little practical advice. During sixteen years as an active at torney in Louisiana before I entered Congress in 1899, I refused to repre sent anyone in divorce proceedings, and that is the part of my profession al career to which 1 look back with greatest satisfaction. Let me beg of you, my young friends, never to aid by your professional service in the dissolution of the bonds of matrimony. If a married person seek your assist ance .with a view of procuring divorce, do everything possible to bring about a reconciliation, and if you fail in that, you may assist, in obtaining a separa tion a mensa et tlioro, and a settle ment of property rights, and questions relating to children of the marriage, but I beg of you not to assist in break ing the bonds. It is true the laws of the land permit it and you have the legal right to do whatever the law permits, but bear in mind that marri age is not only a civil contract, but a sacrament, and as such you have no moral right to assist in breaking it, to become an agent of its sacrilege. The offer of tempting fees may make it hard for you to refuse such employ ment, but God will reward you and levery lawyer who tak^s this high posi tion and refuse to become a party to the desecration of marriage, with all its consequent evils upon society and the State, thereby becomes a faithful servant to this country and his Cod— a true patriot. I Understand a movement is on foot for the organization of an anti-divorce league among the Catholic lawyers of Massachusetts. Its members will pledge themselves not to take any new divorce business and to appear in divorce cases only to contest them on behalf of the libellee or correspondent, or in order to safe guard the rights of the libellee as to the custody of the children or in re gard to alimony and to use every endeavor to bring about a re conciliation between the parties seek ing divorce. I earnestly hope that this organiza tion will become perfected and be come a great success that it will no), be confined tdi Catlfblic laymen in Massachusetts, but everyone in the Union. Certainly all Catholic lawyers should join such an association, and if they do, what power for good they could exert what a tremendous influ ence in a stemming the awful spread of tfie divorce evil.% In conclusion Mr. Ransdell said: "I appeal to all patriotic citizens, especially those who have devoted their lives to the service of God as teachers and expounders of His Holy Word, to good men of ev^ry creed and of no creed, to unite in a systematic fight against divorce—the greatest enemy of the nation and the home home, which gave us our earliest and best lessons in morality home, where we were taught to love, honor, and obey our parents, and all lawful su periors home, where we received our first idea of government, a little State in which our fond parents were the rulers and we, their children, wer,e willing subjects home, the greatest protection from anarchy, the strongest defense against Socialism, and the chief hulwark of society home, the maker of good citizens and the model on which every wise government is founded." Some splendid musical numbers pre ceeded the lecture. These were given under the direction of Mrs. John D. Grace, and corfsisted of a concerted piece in which Miss Virginia Grace, mandolin Misses Jenny Hincks and Fiorello Virgin, violins, and Miss Vivi an Grace, piano, participated. Miss Jenny Hincks gave an exquisite vio lin number, Miss Vivian Grace an 'Ave Maria" to the air of the Inter mezzo from Cavaleria Rusticana. Two numbers from Pagliacci were sung—the prologue by Mr. Rene La coste, and the final Canio solo given with splendid dramatic expression by Mr. Herbert Moser, the possesso of a baritone voice of excellent timbre. JESUIT GENERALS Father Ledochowski is the twenty sixth General of the Company. The line began with St. Ignatius Loyola, Spaniard (died in 1556), who was suc ceeded by Giacomo Lanier, Spaniard (1658), St. Francis Borgia, Spaniard (1572), Everard Mercurian. Belgian (1580), Claudio Acquaviva, Neapolitan (1615), Muz|o Vitelleschi, Roman (1643), Vincenzo Caraffa, Neapolitan (1649), Francesco Piccolomini, Floren tine (1651), Alesandro Gotfredo, Ro man (1G52), Goswin Nickel, German (1664), Gian Paolo Oliva, Genovese Charles de Noyelle, Belgian Tirsi Gonzales, Spaniard Michelangelo Tamburini, Mo (1730), Franz Retz, Bohemian (1681), (1686), (1705), denese (1750), (1755), (1757), (1755), Ignazio Visconti, Milanese Luigi Centurone, Genovese Lorenzo Ricci Florentine Thaddeus Brozotowski, Pole (1820), Luigi Fortis, Veronese (1829), Jan Roothan, Dutch (1863), Pierre Becks, Belgian (1886), Anton Maria Anderledy, Swiss (1892), Dodovico Martin, Spaniard (1906) and Xavier 'Meet- .-'•Sd&ftis*. '.-J-,' •fcs-. DOMAIN OP TEMPERANCE. RUSSIA "SWEARS OFF.'* A miracle has happened -in Russia— a miracle that has put bread in the cupboard of the poor, fire on thai hearths,- reformed the wife-beater, lift* ed a people from sullenness and d^« spair to happiness and self-respect And the miracle, strangely enougtj," was made possible by Russia's auW cratic form of government, under which the little father, by one stroko of the pen, put vodka and its tempta tions beyond the reach of the people —by prohibiting the sale of stroiSg drink in any part of the empire. Henry W. Hiller, who for the taJt thirty-one years has spent half of eack year in Russia, managing silver sWops for Tiffany & Co., described the won derful change that had taken place there, and explained that there wak nothing half-way about this prohibi tion. "I had just landed in Moscow^" he said. "I felt a little chilly and seflt out for some rum to put in my tea. Not a drop was to be had. I hadn't heard till then of the Czar's ukase, biit I soon saw the effects of it upon the men when I went to the shops. I want to say that I never lived through a miracle before, but the regeneration that I saw there was nothing short of miraculous. The Russian peasants speak always of 'Black Monday' in Russia, for they usually come to woiic sodden, stupid and depressed afterra day spent in the wine shops. And they're lucky, too, if they don't miss at least one day through the working week for the same reason—drink. On pay-day the wives who came—so un derfed, so badly'clothed—to wheedle from them part of their earnings to buy food tor the children, usually cai^a too late—all gone. "Now," continued Mr. Hiller, "tHla marvelous change has swept, over Rth^ sia like a cyclone—with the noise left out. It is wonderful. The men corae to work cheerful, sober their work has improved incredibly. And the women—as I met them on the streets, a great burden was gradually lifted from me. They ceased coming after their husband's pay, and as the weeks wore on they and their children be gan to look—well, as if they had had a meal—two meals—finally three meals a day. "This is the outward and visible sign of the change—a change from 'jA people starving, hopeless, inefficient* slaves to drink, to a people well noil$« ished, industrious, regenerated. An& mind you—I left Moscow the last pf October—this was the result of less than three months under this regime. The chief of police of Moscow was jubilant over the almost incredible decrease in crime. 'My job is fine,' ike said genially. 'There's comparatively no crime. It used to be a common thing to see men and women, too, I am sorry to say, lying dead drunk in the side streets. You don't see a drunken man now, and women ctiil walk about without being insulted.' "The Russian peasant, you know, HI the kindliest fellow in the world, biat let him get two or three drinks Of vodka (wodlty Mr. Hiller pronounces it) and he's the devil incarnate.- When I lived in Siberia I had a cook who was the gentlest sort of fellow, ordi narily, but who had been 'punished* five times for murder after drinking— and he'd have committed another if I hadn't knocked him senseless with a log one day. Don't think," said Mr. Hiller, "that this regeneration came in a moment from the Czar or his de spots. The Russian government gives only where it has to. It owns the liquor trade and gets from it a yearly revenue of a billion dollars. Now the peasant knows that his glass of vodka is not good for him, and eats up his money and his ambition, but it has a terrible hold on him. "Years ago a great movement against liquor started, an expression of resentment against a government, that traded upon the curse of its pe|i* pie. Then came the war. The anti alcohol people said: 'Now is the Unto to strike it will help mobilization, and moreover, the Czar will be afraid now to refuse us.' And the Czar had the power to accomplish at one stroke what some have been working for for years. Do you hear grumbling? Not ?ery much. Of course, there are al ways those who think they must drink or die, and they did die—some Of them, for they even took to wood al cohol, poor fellows, in place of vodka* These cases, however, were few in. number. As a class the peasants wei?» jubilant over the results of havinjf been put beyond the reach of tempt*» tion. They could not but acknowledge that it was a most beneficial thing." NO WIT IN WINE. There used to be an idea abroad thQ& wine was a help to wit because mai^f men of genius drank wine and drank it to excess. But it is not the meA of genius but their admirers who holl this theory most firmly. George Mere dith in his novels wrote more in praise of wine than any other author of his day. It was with all the more aston ishment that, when his letters wer# published, one discovered how harsh a critic of wine he was. He wrotfi in May, 1887: "I take it rarely, think that the notion of drinking any kind of alcohol as a stimulant for intellectual work, can have entered the minds of those only who snatch at the former thafc they may conceive a fictitious execii* tion of the latter. Stimulants ma# refresh, and may even tepiporarily comfort the body after labor of brain they do not help it—not even in th« lighter kinds of labor. They unseail the judgment, pervert vision. Produc tions cast off by the aid of the use of them, are but flashy, trashy stuff— or exhibitions of the prodigous in wildness or grotesque conceit, of the kind which Hoffman's Tales give, for example he was one of the few ajE all eminent who wrote after drinking Schiller, in a minor degree—not tit the advantage of his composition. None of the great French or English." Pity the man who makes mistake* and takes profit front them. ~*.rrW ,f 7