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Volume 5 •t IMMENSE OPPORTUNITIES OF FERED TO THE CHURCH IN NORTHWESTERN CANADA. (Written for The Catholic* Bulletin by Percival Clayton.) A Catholic visitor from Europe, with lib eye for those things which most deeply concern religion, is impressed at once by the immense possibilities of development afforded to the Church in that vast territorial region known as Western Canada. Already the foot prints of Catholicism may be traced from Winnipeg to Vancouver, across prairies and Rockies, and as far north as the Yukon, by lake and stream and branching railroad, whenever civ ilization has followed the trail into the west, and in many a wild outlying dis trict where there was no trail to fol low. For, while much of the land im mediately west of Winnipeg is taken up, and three lines of transcontinental railway carry the visitor or the set tler as far as the Pacific ocean still there are districts bordering the Rockies on either side where the set tler has not yet penetrated the un disturbed haunts of the hunted red men, who seem to have taken sanctu ary beneath the shadows of these domes and pinnacles of rock. One thinks of the sentence of the his torian, Parkman, while gazing at the thinned ranks of red warriors: "Slow ly and sadly, they climb the distant mountain and read their doom in the setting sun." It was north of Prince Rupert, about one hundred miles in the direction of Peace River, that I witnessed a spec tacle which illustrates the conquest of the cross—a picture not without sentiment for those who are familiar with the call, or the tragedy of the wild. An Oblate Father stood at the door of his mission church, an Indian convert beside him. The hour of Benedictu n was over, and they stood Bilently watching the rays of the set ting sun as they gilded the distant mountain peaks. Both seemed wrap ped in the deepest meditation..^.The, lrtissioner, a Breton, .was dreaming, doubtless, of his home beyond the sea, his vineclad liome in sunny France, and he touched the crucifix on his bosom all the more tenderly as a tear dimmed his eye and he thought of the great renunciation. But the wistful eyes of his companion must have seen in those dying rays far up on the piny flanks and stainless crowns of snow, an irrevocable symbol of the tragic fate of his race. 1 mention the Oblate Fathers. They are to be found everywhere in the Canadian Northwest. In fact, Catholicism in Western Canada was planted by those earnest toilers. It matters not whether you visit Van couver or Calgary or Edmonton, or any of the other towns and villages along the great lines of railway, you will find the pioneer missionary work accomplished in almost every in stance by the Oblate Fathers. Ac cording to trustworthy accounts, Father De Smet, the great Jesuit mis sioner, visited Calgary, or rather the spot on which it is built he aiso pen etrated the wild region northwest of the Saskatchewan and Athabasca riv ers, but his stay was too brief to have any permanent results his important spiritual conquests were all achieved in the western part of the United States and across the Canadian bor der. Father Lacombe. Of all the Oblate Fathers who have labored in this Catholic empire of the northwest the most interesting mis sioner now living is Father Lacombe. He is, I am told, in his ninety-fourth year. Last week I visited him in that splendid Catholic home for the aged, built near Calgary by the munifi cence of Mr. P. Burns and Lord Strathcona. His eye is still bright and his mind quite active, although •years have bowed the venerable form almost to the earth. At the mention of St. Paul and Archbishop Ireland and Father Ravoux, he wandered away into missionary days far with drawn in the dim and distant past how he came to Western Canada and built the first Catholic Church there when the whole country was, strictly speaking, a wilderness—how he took the homestead—160 acres—on which the city of Calgary is now built his mission covering about all the terri tory betwen Winnipeg and the Pacific ocean. He cited up a hundred times in his missionary career—inci dents that would fill many pages of The Catholic Bulletin. I was told one story by the present mayor of Cal gary (a Catholic), concerning Father Lacombe, something not generally known, I believe, outside a small circle of Calgary people. It happened at a banquet given in honor of President Van Horne of the Canadian Pacific Railroad, when the last steel rail of that gigantic system was laid down in Alberta. For two hours, or during the time of the banquet, Mr. Van Horne publicly resigned the presidency of the road in favor of Father Lacombe while the latter, not to be outdone in graciousness, publicly resigned the parish of Calgary in favor of Mr. Van Home. Who would not spend a life time in a wilderness, amid prayer and fasting and .other severe trials to the fl&gh in order to be eligible to the (presidency of such a railroad, even lor WJLM «!»i*f IMPRESSIONS OF WESTERN CANADA™™ Mpii.iEM one hour! But, seriously, it was splendid tribute to Father Lacombe, a tribute which all the citizens ap plauded and which, we may add, was richly deserved. On reviewing the vast field of West ern Canada—a field of splendid prom ise, both for the state and the church —one is reminded of some lines writ ten by Archbishop Spaulding on "Op portunity:" "Life is good, and opportunities of becoming and doing good are always with us. May we not make the stars and the mountains, the boundless plains and the forests, the grand lakes and rivers—may we not make them all minister to elevation of mind and nobleness of soul V' A Distinctive Type. Now, it seems to a close observer an undeniable fact that the western part of the American continent is pro ducing a grander type of manhood and womanhood—grander in body and in mind, more open-handed, and perhaps more spiritual, than the regions of the east. Whether you travel in Western Canada or in the States, carved out of the Pacific slope, you get the same impression of superior physique and stronger mental endowment. If Ber nard Shaw's Superman ever deigns to visit the glimpses of the moon, he will doubtless be born somewhere between Calgary and Los Angeles—somewhere west of Winnipeg. No doubt the western human har vest comes in part from the sifted grain of the older countries for "only the strong of heart and limb follow the trails of the pioneer." The popula tion in both city and country reveals this advantage of the winnowing process. The best human specimens, representing every clime and country, are constantly met in the streets. But the new environment has done quite as much for them as ancestry. Here all is fresh and young here progress is less difficult here there is hope and confidence—an eagerness to know and to do here there is wealth— enough for all legitimate needs and pleasures, but not the excess of wealth .. which undermined and destroys. Emerson said that America was but another name for "Opportunity." His remark applies with special force and felicity to Western Canada. Take the Province of "Sunny" Alberta alone: It is much larger than Germany it has twice the arable land of Minne sota, and much better farming land on the whole yet not one-twentieth part of it is at present under the plow. There are coal deposits in Alberta of enormous proportions, richer by far than the coal beds of Pennsylvania and although the coal here is not as good as the famous Anthracite, yet it serves all the practical purposes of fuel. In 1914 the estimated value of the farm lands was $500,000,000 and the grain yield was 60 million bushels. The present population is about 400,000, whereas, if fully tilled and de veloped, Alberta could support 100, 000,000. Now, these observations concerning Alberta apply with almost equal force to the neighboring provinces. Is it too much to claim a glorious future for a country of such wonderful pos sibilities? ELECTED SUPERIOR MOTHER CECILIA SUCCEEDS MOTHER XAVIER AS HEAD OF THE MOTHERHOUSE OF THE SISTERS OF CHARITY. Sister Cecilia of St. Elizabeth's Con vent, Convent Station, N. J., was chosen Mother Superior of the New Jersey Sisters of Charity, to succeed Mother Mary Xavier, who died on June 24, after sixty years of charitable and religious work in New York and New Jersey. Rt. Rev Bishop O'Connor of Newark presided over the election, which was held at St. Elizabeth's Con vent last week and suggested the names of several candidates and Sis ter Cecilia was chosen on the first bal lot. She has been affiliated with the work of St. Elizabeth's Convent and the New Jersey Sisters of Charity for more than a decade. FU1H heavy IfflPJ .EMM HAD KING GEORGE 1 FOR WARD EN—BAPTISMAL PLACE OF ROY ALTY. St. Martin's-in-the-Fields is probably the only London church that can boast of having had a king for church ward en. George I held that office for a number of years and marked his ten ure of it by presenting the church with an organ. The greater part of Buck ingham palace is situated within the parish of St. Martin's, and in conse quence the births of all royal children born there are entered in the church register. Among celebrities who were buried at St. Martin's are Nell Gwynn, Robert Boyle, Sir John Farquhar, Rou biliac, the sculptor, and Hunter, the surgeon. Hunters remains were afterward transferred to Westminster Abbey. ,A'r\ -M-' -i v. Xt DEAN OF 8ACRED COLLEGE HAD A REMARKABLE CAREER—PRO CLAIMED .CARDINAL IN 1887. His1 Eminence Cardinal Serafino Vannufelli, Dean of the Sacred Col lege, died in Rome on August 18, at the age of eighty-one. He was Grand Penitentiary of the Church, Prefect of the Congregation of Sacred Ceremon ies, and Titular Bishop of Ostia, Porto, and Santa Rufina. He was created and proclaimed Cardinal by Pope Leo XIII, March 14, 1887. •f. jS -H His Eminence was lorn November 26, 1834, at Genazzano, ih theDfodese of Palastrina. His early education was obtained in the seminary of Gen azzano, and he received degrees in philosophy and theology in the Ca pranica College at Rome. He was or dained a priest December 23,1860. He taught canon law and theology in Ro man seminaries and later was appoint ed Auditor in Mexico, and afterwards at Munich. He received episcopal consecration and was appointed Titular Archbishop of Nice on June 25, 1869. He later held the office of Apostolic Delegate in Peru and that of Nuncio in Brussels. Unfortunately this position became al most impossible through the manifest hostility of the Liberal Cabinet then in power, which had declared war on all religious institutions. Matters went so far that relations were broken off with the Holy See, and he was compelled to resign his office in 1879. In the following year Leo XIII sent him as Nuncio to Vienna, where, through his experience in managing business and through still rarer qual ities he not only made himself impor tant to the Holy See and won the es teem of all around him, but also at tained to the rank of Cardinal on March 14, 1887. Cardinal Vannutelli was descended from one of those old Roman families whose histories have been linked with the church for centuries. His brother, Vincenzo, is a member of the Sacred College and Sub-dean of that august GATBBLIB_DEAF MUTES FORTY-ONE PRIESTS ENGAGED IN WORK OF EDUCATING DEAF MUTES IN THE UNITED STATES —SIGN LANGUAGE. TAUGHT fN SIX SEMINARIES. The. last half dozen years in the United States have witnessed an enor mous growth of missionary activity among Catholic deaf mutes. It is doubtful if in' 1908 a dozen priests throughout the entire extent of the country were actively engaged in look ing after the spiritual wants of the Catholic deaf. Indeed, at the Catholic educational convention at Milwaukee in 1907, only twenty names could be collected of all those who were en gaged in deaf education, and this com prised the names of sisters, as well as of priests. To-day, however, thanks to the generous support of the Catho lic press in calling attention to the appalling condition of the Catholic deaf, there are actively engaged in this apostolic work no less than forty one priests, who are giving their time, either entirely or partially, to the work of deaf education or instruction. Moreover, this consoling situation is constantly growing better, for the work has been introduced into no less than six different seminaries through out the country, where the seminari ans are instructed in the sign language and after ordination they will be able to converse with the deaf in their own language, and thus at once estab lish a bond of sympathy between the church and the deaf, a bond that has too lpng remained neglected. The number of Catholic schools for the deaf, too, has been on the increase during the last half-dozen years, and the number of their pupils shows a constant increase,* not only in num bers, but a growth in efficiency. HEW UffllinillltBSIll BENEDICTINE FATHEfl^ ^WILl OPEN INSTITUTION AT SHAW NEE, OKLAHOMA, IN SEPTEM- On September 9, 1915, the Catholic University of Oklahoma, an institu tion devoted to the cause of higher learning and empowered by the state of Oklahoma to grant degrees and diplomas, will open its doors to pros pective students. The university building is a five story structure, 220 by 70 feet, fire proof throughout, with a capacity of 400 students. It is built in the beau tiful Tudor Gothic style and contains all modern conveniences, including the latest improved system of vacuum steam heating, electric lighting and natural gas. Ground was broken for the building October 5, 1912, and the work proceeded steadily to comple tion. It is located threfe-quartere of a mile from the c*tj limits ot Shawnee* i i i 2 ST. PAUL, MINN., AUGUST 28, 1915. CATHOLIC INJIi CBilESS SIOl|* INDIANS HOLD ANNUAL M^ETING AT FORT TOTTEN RESERVATION—BISHOP O'RlEL- (Communicated,) Sunday, August 8, will be a day long remembered among the Sioux Iftdians. It marked the second day of their Catholic Congress, which began Au gust 7 and ended August 9. The place chosen for the assemblage was the old mission known as St. Michael's Church, Fort Totten Reservation, N. D., beside which is erected the residence of Father Jerome Hunt, O. S. B., the faithful shepherd of his In dian flock. Glorious summer weather welcomed the vast throng of Indians gathered from all over the North Dakota reser vations, and deputations from Minne sota, South Dakota, Montana, Sas katchewan and Manitoba. Their nu merous tepees scattered around the mission, and reaching to the shores of the lake was a picturesque sight, as they glistened white in the morning sun. The Right Rev. Bishop O'Reilly of Fargo was the central figure at the celebration on Sunday. He arrived at the fecene from Devils Lake at 10:30 a. m. and having vsested, proceeded to the temporary altar erected in the open, where Solemn High Mass began at 11 o'clock, the Right Reverend Bishop presiding. »The celebrant was Rev. Bernard StraSsmaier, O. S. B., of Fort Yates the deacon, Rev. Paul Lotter, O. S. B., t'ort Berthold the sub-deacon, Rev. F. Benedict Seethal er, O. S. B., Poplar, Montana the master of ceremonies, Rev. Paul Un muessig, O. S. B., Fort Totten. After the singing of the first gospel, a practical sermon on Divine Grace was preached by Father McParland, chaplain, Mercy Hospital, Devils Lake, who took for his te|t the words of St. Paul, "By the graotvf XJod I am what am, and His grace in me hath not been void." Mass being concluded a forceful ser mon was delivered in the Sioux lan guage by Father Jerome, the famous Indian missionary. It may be noted in passing, that Father Jerome ac quired a mastery of this difficult tongue in the early years of his priest hood. He can speak the language fluently, and instructs the older mem bers of the flock in the vernacular. He has published a number of Catho lic prayer books and hymnals in the same language, which have proved of great value in his religious work. Be sides, with the help of his faithful co worker, brother Giles, he edits and publishes every month from his own printing press at the mission, a valu able Bulletin which circulates far and wide among the Indian tribes in vari ous states and in Canada. In connection with Father Jerome's work among the Indians at Fort Tot ten, mention should be made of the assistance rendered by the Sisters of Charity, commonly called the Grey Nuns, who have charge of the Sisters' School at the Fort. This school is sup ported by the Indian Department of the United States government. For over thirty years, those sisters have labored among the younger genera tion with great success. Mass being concluded Bishop O'Reil ly proceeded to administer confirma tion to a large class, about sixty in all. Amongst the number were many old Indians. A notable figure in the group was the venerable local chief, "Little Fish," who is over eighty years of age. After conferring confirmation the Right Reverend Bishop preached to the multitude present, and in the course of his address referred in glow ing terms of eulogy to the work ac complished by Father Jerome among the Indians. He paid a high tribute to his noble work, to his life of self-de nial, and to his faithful Indians—his joy and his crown, During all the afternoon effective work was accomplished in organizing committees among the Indians. To one of these is intrusted the work jof combating the divorce evil. Unscrup ulous lawyers at times take advantage of the ignorance of some of these poor people to secure divorce, contrary to the laws of the Catholic Church. This will be vigorously combated ^n the future. The great evil of drink was boldly attacked, and the total abstinence pledge administered. A new spirit is abroad among the younger Indians to break away from the fetters forged so long by drink. 1 I FAMILY OF The Reverend William Kenny, S. J., died at Edinburgh, Scotland, recently. He was one of the younger sons of the late Sir Edward Kenny, Halifax, N. S., and a brother of the late Thomas rv^'v «*.• «#"iM*$i»- V 'ft T*fT". LY ATTENDED AND PREACHED —FATHER JEROME, O. S.' B., AND HIS WORK AMONG THE INDIANS —RELIGIOUS SERVICESr ^SE^juWilauv- Kenny, M. P. For nearly fifty years the deceased was a prominent member of his Order. Fa ther Joseph Kenny, a brother of the deceased, is a prominent Jesuit in Ire land. Father George, S. J., died a few years ago. Madame Kenny, of the Sacred Heart, i§ a sister. BEIEDIGiypJUBILEE FATHER CORBINIAN, O. S. B., OF ORISKA, N. D., CELEBRATED SIL VER JUBILEE OF ORDINATION- SERMON BY FATHER ALFRED, O. S. B„ OF MOORHEAD. Oh August 20 the Ref. Corbinian Hermanutz, O. S. B., pastor of St. Ber nard's Church, Oriska, N. D., celebrat ed the twenty-fifth anniversary of his ordination to the priesthood. At the jubilee High Mass Rev. Alfred Mayer, O. S. B., of Moorhead, Minn., assisted as archpriest, Rev. Otto Weisser, O. S- B., of Dilworth, Minn., and Rev. Mag nus Hermanutz, O. S. B., of Mahnomen, Minn., a cousin of the Rev. Ju bilarian, as deacon and subdeacon respectively, and Rev. Edmund Basel, O. S. B., of Frazee, Minn., as master of ceremonies. In the sanc tuary were present Rev. J. G. Sailer of Valley City, N. D., Rev. H. Wilkes of Mantador, N. D., Rev. Clemens Dimpfl, O. S. B., of Mandan, N. D., and Rev. Charles Cannon, O. S. B., of Detroit, Minn. Rev. Father Alfred, O. S. B., who preached the sermon at the first Holy Mass of the Rev. Jubilarian twenty-five years ago, also preached the sermon on this occasion in the German, and Rev. Father Charles, O. S. B., in the English language. sr. loBisjiTmoiiiL NEW ORGAN BLESSED—MARBLE ALTAR BEING ERECTED. The $25,000 organ of the new Cathedral of St. Louis was blessed on the feast of- St. Louis, August 25. Most Reverend Archbishop Glennon officiated at the ceremony. During the preceding week expert artisans had been busy day and night on the new organ, hastening its com pletion to accommodate the workmen who were preparing to install the new marble altar, all parts of which have finally arrived from the Italian work shops. The new organ is operated entirely by electricity. The pipes and all mechanical parts are located on a mezzanine floor at the rear of the sanctuary. The manual or console rests on the floor level of the sanctu ary and is movable, all the electric connecting wires being confined in a cable sixteen feet in length, giving freedom of placement as far as the cable will reach. The console is fit ted with four keyboards, two of which will be used for this first por tion of the organ and the others for second and third parts which will be located in the loft above the Cathe dral entrance and in the central dome. It is planned to have the new altar and the sanctuary decoration entirely completed by Christmas. DEITH OF MSB. UK VICAR GENERAL OF ARCHDIO CESE OF TORONTO—ORDAINED IN 1867—TWICE PASTOR, OF ST. MICHAEL'S CATHEDRAL. The Right Rev. Joseph J. McCann, Vicar General of the Archdiocese of Toronto Ontario, Can., passed away on Friday evening, August 13, in the seventy-first year of his age. On the following Monday morning the remains were taken to St. Mich ael's Cathedral, where a Pontifical High Mass of Requiem was celebrated by the Most Reverend Archbishop Mc Neil. The sermon was preached by the Rev. G. R. Williams, pastor of St. John's Church, an intimate friend of the departed. Mgr. McCann was born in' Port Hope, Ont., on Jtme 6, 1844, and was educated at St. Michael's College, To ronto, and at the Grand Seminary of St. Sulpice, Montreal, and was or dained in 1867. He was pastor suc cessively of St. Catharines, Gore par ish in the County of Peel, St Paul's in Toronto, Whitby arid Oshawa. He was twice rector of St. Michael's Cathedral was chairman of the Board of Separate School Trustees for twen ty-seven years, and president of the House of Industry. For over twenty years he was tu charge of his last parish, of St. Mary's. He was Vicar General for many years, and was made a Domestic Prelate by His Holiness the Pope in 19Q9. MLISB COLLEGE k* "Polish preparatory college and gymnasium will be opened in Dom Polski hall, 661 Forest avenue east, Detroit, Mich., September 7. The gymnasium will be modeled after those in European countries, and will give a practical course of study for the young Poles newly come to Amer ica. Prof. Roman Wandsel, who was graduated from the University of Cra cow, heads the new college. The in stitution will also prepare young men for higher college courses. Rev. An ton Janezak, formerly of Orchard Lake seminary, will be rector of the gymnasium, and Stanley Caskowski chancellor. CATHOLIC, INDIAN CONGRESS HELD AT ST. PAUL'S MISSION NEAR RAVINIA, S. D.—BISHOP O'GORMAN AND MANY PRIESTS ATTEND—MEMORIAL CHURCH DEDICATED—WORK OF THE CONGRESS. One of the mdst stttcessful of "Cath olic Indian Congresses came to an end August 11, when delegates to the num ber of 2,000, representing over 15,000 Sioux, assembled at the call of their various missionaries on the Yankton Reservation, South Dakota. There, under the direction of Rev. Henry I. Westropp, S. J., resident missionary of the Yanktons, an elaborate program was carried out. The congress assembled on August 7, and opened with a Mass by Rev. Philip Gordon, a Chippewa Indian priest, at present attached to the Bu reau of Catholic Indian Missions, Washington, D. C. On Sunday, August 8, the Right Rev erend Bishop O'Go'rman of Sioux Falls favored the congress with a visit. More than 3,000 Indians went out to meet him on his arrival at the camp, near Ravinia, S. D. Thence the In dians accompanied the Bishop to the altar erected oif the open prairie, where he was to give confirmation. The following priests assisted: The Right Rev. Bernard Murphy, O. S. B., \bbot of the Sacred Heart Abbey, Oklahoma the Very Rev. William H. Ketcham, director of the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions, Washing ton the Rev. Henry I. Westropp, S. J., Yankton Reservation Father Henry, S. J., Mankato, Minn. Father Francis J. Rudden, S. J., Rosebud Reservation Father Siahm, S. J., Pine Ridge Reser vation Father Ambrose, O. S. B., Standing Rock "Reservation Father O'Flaherty, Mitchell, S. D. Father Byrne, Wagner,# S. D. Father John, San tee Sioux missionary, Niobrara, Neb. Father Walsh, Sioux Falls, S. D. Father Gordon celebrated the Mass assisted by many Sioux altar boys. Following the Bishop's departure for Sioux Falls, a memorial church to Father De Smet, S. J., built by Henry Heide of New York City, was formally blessed. The Right Reverend Abbot Murphy officiated in the ab sence of the Bishop, and Father Ketcham delivered the sermon. All present then repaired to the identical spot, which according to tradition, was the landing place of Father De Smet, S. J., the first great missionary to the Sioux nation. After a hymn in the Sioux language Father Gordon de livered a short eulogy. The exercises took place in the presence of the donor of the memorial church, who made the trip from New York to be present. During the days of the congress a regular series of public meetings took place in the central bower. The dif ferent missionaries spoke and pronj inent Sioux orators had a place on the varied programs. Three priests were kept busy hear ing confessions and instructing con verts. More than fifty adults were re ceived into the church during the days of the congress. On Sunday about 1,000 Indians received Holy Com munion and 200 were confirmed. On the closing day several hundred" men MR. TOCCI, A CONVERT TO THE CHURCH, WILL WORK AMONG THE ITALIANS T^ PftEVENT PROSELYTIZING. Ernest Tocci, until recently a stu dent at the Presbyterian Theological Seminary at Bloomfield, N. J., and formerly a preacher of the Hurlbut Street Mission, known as North Bap tist Church, Orange, N. J., has been received into the Catholic Church by the Rev. James Matturro, of the Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, Newark, N. J. Mr. Tocci came under influences that made him doubt the truth of his religion. On coming to this country he fell in with adherents of the Baptist sect and entered the theological seminary at Bloomfield, hoping to find peace and consolation there. But he was disappointed, and like countless others in past ages, sought and found peace in the Catho lic Church. Through Monsignor Cody, of New ark, N. J., Mr. Tocci was directed to the Rev. John T. McNicholas, O. P., of the Dominican Fathers of St Cather ine's Church, New York, under whose observation and instruction he is at present. The new convert seeks ad mission into the Order of Preachers as y W K w i *'". .'.-V IN HONOR 0F FATHER DE SMET M'NNESCTA HISTORICAL •UOtfelY. Number 35 and women took the pledge against in toxicating liquors, many for life. Among many interesting features, probably the most noteworthy was a public banding together of twelve prominent Sioux laymen, who, in imi tation of the mission of the twelve Apostles, pledged themselves to evan gelize the whole Sioux nation, which numbers many thousands. These men will assist the missionaries as catechists. The Yankton Sioux Congress I« also noteworthy as being the first Sioux congress at which there was official representation from Okla homa. Two delegations, one from the Quapows, who live in Northern Okla homa, and the other from the Choc taws, who live in Southern Oklahoma assisted. The Choctaws came 1.100 miles to be with the Sioux on this do casion. There were also present In dians from the Winnebago tribe in Nebraska, the Chippewa tribe of Min nesota and Wisconsin, besides dele-' gationft from the Santee Sioux of Nebraska, Rosebud, Standing Roek and Pine Ridge of South Dakota, the former traveling 400 miles overland and coming in thirty-nine wagonS Cheyenne stiver, Crow Creek, Sisseton and the Yankton. At the final meeting, the Indians ap pointed a committee from all the dclto^ gations to fix a meeting place for the coming year. In the name of the delegates a mes sage of filial greeting was sent to His Holiness, Pope Benedict XV, and hr reply thereto the following cablegram was received: "To Chief Blaek Elk, President of In dian Congress. "Holy Father accepts with pleasure devout homage of Catholic Indians united in congress, and very heartily sends them the Apostolic blessing they ask. "CARDINAL GASPARRI." A touching incident of the congress took place when a number of little Indian children approached the Rev. W. H. Ketcham and begged him ($•: procure a school for them whereto they might be instructed Jn their faitji. Such a school is badly needed and, the priest in charge of this mission hopes that some generous friends will give the necessary funds. It may be interesting to note thak missionary work among the Sioux warn' started by Father De Smet, S. J., wh^tt he landed at Vermillion, S. D., on May 11, 1839, and baptized a number of them. Some time afterwards the Rev. Augustine Ravoux, a pioneer mission^ arty of St. Raul, came in from t^ north and labored among them for-a time. For some years the work of evangelization, mainly among the Sis seton and Yankton Sioux, was prac tically abandoned. Nearly thirty-five* years ago Bishop Marty and the Bene dictine Fathers started work amottg the northern Sioux and some years later the Jesuits came to Pine' Ridge^ and Rosebud Reservaticfas, and these missions are in a flourishing condi tion. Since 1914, the Rev. Henry Wes tropp, S. J., has labored among the* Yankton Sioux. On his arrival Be found nearly 200 of the Yanktons still clinging to Catholicism and the tribe received him with open arms. Since then many Indians have been received into the church and others are under instruction: education on their settling down in the United States from the tempta tions of entering seminaries of non Catholics, also, of notifying the sp^ called non-Catholic Italian pongrega^ tions of the deceptions practised on them. It is impossible to nmke th* unlet tered adult Italian anything but a Catholic, however bad or careless a one he may be, but his children, who. live in a home where religion receives no consideration, can, and are being led away from the faith k, MENT. GOLDEN JUBILEE MISSIONARY TO NORWEGIAN CELEBRATES FIFTIETH* *ANI^ VER8ARY—LIVS8 IN RETIREr Rev. Claude Duffiahtit celebrate# Ws golden jubilee as a priest on Augttrt 10, at Bergehfield, New Jersey. Father Dumahut was born Se^t. 24, 1841, in the southern part of France. Filled with apostolic zeal, he offei%d himself at an early age for the mis sions in Norway and Lapland and Was appointed Missionary Apostolic by tlife Holy See. He labored as such for twenty-live years, during which time he built s e v e a u e s o s i a s affording him the best means to com- and convents. At the end of that timd, bat error and to preach against those his health failing, he came to BroOlt' who are trying to rob his Italian conn trymen and their children of the birth right of their faith. Mr. Tocci wishes to consecrate his life to an apostolate among the Ital ians of America. He knowB the meth ods employed by non-Catholic sects to attract Italians and their children away from the Catholic Church and he has suggested to the Dominican Su perior that systematic work could be most advantageously undertaken to guard the Italian young men of any lyn, where he offered his services to the late Bishop Loughlin, who en trusted to him the duty of founding St. Stanslaus' Church for the Norwe gians, at Fourteenth street, near Sixth avenue, Brooklyn. This church wis the object of his pastoral care for the next twenty-fotir years, and he is still remembered as the chaplain of the Norwegians. For the last two summers he has made his home with his friend. Father Rotten, at Bergfea field.