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Volume 5 REKINDLED THE FAITH IN THE 80UL OF CATHOLIC FRANCE. The war, already known as the Great War, and which will fully de serve the title in history, were it only for the terrific number of soldiers and its slain, burst like a thunder bolt over sleeping France, writes Charles Baussan in "The Catholic World" for September The force of the blow, the presence of a peril sudden, pressing, unavoid able, permitting neither hesitation .nor delay, facing an issue upon which hung the life or death of a nation, pro duced a reaction as instantaneous as Its cause, a reaction that shook to its depths the soul of the French. All the forces of the race woke and lived again, among them that Cath olic Faith which for centuries upon centuries had impregnated the soul of the people, from which, in spite of appearances, it had never been e a i a e If the great moral upheaval of such a war has been the determining cause of an incontestable evolution in the religious spirit of France, how did the change come about and what is its significance? "Upon what sort of material did the powerful blow of misfortune strike, and what has it made of it? Religious Situation Before the War. To be brief, the religious situation in France before the war might be summed up thus: First, there were the devout Cath olics, a real power, far stronger than is thoxight a numerous and irre proachable clergy, hundreds of relig ious congregations, a laity not only Catholic in name, but practical and pious. This body prayed and worked. Patiently, day by day, it sowed the Beed awaited the sun. Second, besides the devout Catholics there was a considerable number of lukewarm Cathol'^c. practi.^'-f t*eir religion occasionally, occupied chiefly with business and pleasure. Third, over and above these the great mass of indifferents who gave no thought to religion, except at birth, at marriage, at death. Fourth^ a small hostile minority, anti-clericals who waged war upon Catholicism. Religious hostility was the excep tion, the great mass of indifferents kept the traditions of the Faith in their thoughts and feelings, in their mental and moral habits: on certain feasts—Easter, Christmas, All Saints, the Assumption, etc., they went to church on the whole they neglected religion more or less completely, see ing no need for it they were easily influenced by prejudices against priests and their influence, but most of all were they given over to mater ial preoccupations, the joys of life. To this love of worldly pleasures may he attributed also the lukewarmness of the great majority of Catholics. The Soldier-Priest. To comprehend fully the scope and the force of this living sermon, one must realize that there are twenty five thousand priests with the armies, not only in the hospitals and ambu lances, but at the front not only as chaplains, hospital attendants, stretch er-bearers, but as combatants, officers, non-commissioned officers, privates in all the troops. The priest has no need to preach his presence speaks louder than words. And who placed him in this position who forced him into military service? His enemies. When they strapped the knapsack on the priest's back, the anti-clericals killed anti-clericalism. Here is the priest doing military service! Here along the railways he may be seen on guard, wearing his soutane, his gun over his shoulder. The military, trains pass the guards of the wagons, the soldiers going to the front throw up their kepis and shout, "Bravo, le cure!" Religious poured into the barracks exiles came from afar to defend the land that drove them forth. They remembered only that she was the land of their birth. Jesuits, Assumptionists, Car thusians and Dominicans, Benedic tihes, Capuchins, monks of every order and from every place, were greeted with applause. Yesterday anti-clericalism called them "foreign ers to the nation," but anti-clerical ism lied. These men are comrades, brothers at arms, brothers come home to their father's house, to live and die with their own! An Enemy's Confession. This religious awakening in tit# army is so general, so public, it causes great anxiety to the organs of anti-clericalism, as, for instance. La Lanterne and L'Humanite. They wish steps taken to prevent the relig ious propaganda in the hospitals and among the troops they demand "the laicization of the front." Is this not a positive acknowledgement of the strength of the Catholic movement? A militant Socialist of the eigh teenth division recognizes this fact in a letter published by L'Humahit£: "I was able to make a number of a tjf W. '*«W 'v, CATHOLIC RENAISSANCE IN FRANCE PRESENT STATUS AND FUTURE PROSPECTS OF CATHOLICISM— THE HORRORS OF WAR HAVE prejudices had fallen off, leaving life stripped. Men showed themselves for what they really were, brave or cowardly, noble or base, unselfish or egotistical. And I could appreciate the religious awakening so much noticed today, and so much talked about "Whither we halted, whether we rested, the night after a battle or after a march, the mind was never at rest. The vision of the wounded was ever before our eyes, the groans of the dying sounded in our ears, the thought of self, of wife, of children haunted us. Will my turn come next? Ah, then is the moment of self-ex amination, then a man, separated from the world of things by this rup ture of equilibrium called war, travels back to his childhood. The influence of early education asserts itself. And so it is that normally, logically, I may say, is brought about the return to religious ideas. "Men without ideals, Who have abandoned all Christian practices, in the midst of such a catastrophe feel their littleness. No longer enslaved and driven by economic forces, crav ing an ideal to support them in these terrible times, they turn to religion. This neo-religious movement looked serious to me at first. It has been exploited, protected, promoted by the chaplains and some of the majors, and frankly I believe that some of it will* persist when the war is over." This is an enemy's confession. He speaks as an enemy, he seeks to ex plain nevertheless, he recognizes and confirms the reality and durability of the Catholic renaissance. The English, fighting side by side with the French troops in France, are struck with the religious feeling they have witnessed, and feel its effects. A Protestant officer in the British army a short time ago was express ing his admiration, and added: "My orderly who is a Wesleyan, says he is going to study that religion, for it looks to him like the true one." In fact there is quite a movement towards Catholicism among the. officers and men of the British Expeditionary Force. The example of the French army, -and the faith of the people about them, have attracted them. Like the Wesleyan orderly, many of then are inquiring into the Catholic religion and go to church. Impetus Towards Prayer. The soldiers have evidently learned the lesson of the war now the soldiers in France today number thousands of men, in fact, with the exception of invalids, all the men between nineteen and forty-eight are soldiers. But it does not end there. The soldiers are not the only ones who have learned the lesson. The stentorian voice of events has re sounded throughout the land and in every soul. When the first cannon was fired, and indeed before that, as soon as there were rumors of the cannon's thunder, there was an im mense impetus towards prayer. The churches were filled, the number of confessions and Communions in creased greatly everywhere. Many persons—some of them personally known to me—who had abandoned the practice of religion, returned to the Sacraments. Not a single parish, even in the tiniest village, but offers a Mass at least once a week for France and the army many parishes offer two Masses, and everywhere, besides the Masses, there are prayers, the beads, Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament every day, or at least several times a week, sometimes even twice a day, and always for the same intention. These Masses and prayers are well attended, and during all the long months of the war the first fervor has not abated. The thought of fathers, husbands, sons, brothers ex posed to such great and continuous danger brings souls back to God, and draws them closer to Him. The truly religious tone of the letters from the dear absent ones finds an echo in every heart. The intellectual circles Whence emanated the evil of irrellgfoh, are not what they were twenty years ago, A marked change was noticeable even before the war.- The younger artistic and literary set of the twentieth cen turv are rather more Catholic in their tendencies and sentiments and even in their practice. To mention only those who have been killed by the enemy, Piguy, Lotti, Laurentie, Renan's grandson, and a good many others, were all Catholics. When Del pech, the son of the former grand master of the Freemasons, was picked up dead on the battlefield, a religious medal was found on his person. We cannot value matters of con science as we would commercial transactions exact statistics of a religious revival, which we cannot fully analyze, would, be impossible. It is far too soon! We can, however, give a few figures. From August to December, 1913. there were sixty-nine thousand eight hundred Communions in the parish church of Notre Dame at Versailles during the same period in 1914 there were eighty-seven thousand, a gain of eighteen thous&jnd over the preceding year. segs v. BIBLE READING_ II SCHOOL MANKATO HIGH SCHOOL WILL FORFEIT STATE AID IF IT ALLOWS BIBLE READING. The board of education of Mankato, Minn., has received notice from the State High School Board that because of the continued reading of the Bible in the Mankato high school at morn ing exercises, contrary to the state constitution, the special state aid, amounting to $4,000 for the coming year, has been cut off. The notice took the school authori ties of Mankato by surprise, as it was believed, the State Board did not in tend to act until the matter could be passed upon by the Attorney General again. The State High School Board bases its position on the state constitution as construed by two Attorneys General of Minnesota. It is rumored that the Mankato school board will probably mandamus the State High School Board or the state treasurer to pay the grant or show cause why it should not be paid. IE* LEIHJK SEMIS1BT WILL OPEN ON SEPTEMBER 15—. PUBLIC WILL INSPECT IT NEXT 8UNDAY. Sunday, September 12, has been set apart for the public to make a visit of inspection to the new Kenrick Seminary, in Glennon Park, St. Louis, Mo., which has been built at a cost of $700,000, and will be occupied by the students on September 15. Strict monastic rules are to he ob served, and after the opening of the seminary only the chapel may be visited by outsiders. The grounds also will be private. The furnishing of the Seminary is now nearly finished. Equipping the new institution from top to bottom, in cluding the kitchen and dining room furniture, as well as the classrooms and students' rooms, will cost about S,()00^$PjfhIch $37,000 has beem sub scribed A new order of nuns, constituting a small community, arrived last week to prepare the Seminary for occupa tion. Their residence is provided for in a separate wing of the Seminary. The Junior Seminary, which is now to be carried on in the old Bishop Robertson Hall, on Washington ave nue, will have a boarding department as well as a day school, this being a new feature. It is to be distinct from the Seminary proper, and will be un der the direction of Rev. J. L. O'Re gan, C. M., until now a member of the Seminary staff, FIFTY G01P TE'IRS TWO BFSHOPS AND SIXTY PRIESTS PRESENT AT JUBILEE CELEBRA TION IN CONVENT OF MERCY, CRESSON, PA. On Wednesday, August 25, at the Convent of Mercy, Cresson, Pa., Moth er Mary Gertrude Cosgrave celebrated her golden jubilee of religious profes sion. The Right Rev. Bishop Garvey of Altoona, celebrated Solemn Pontifical Mass at 9 o'clock and the Right Rev. J. F. Regis Canevin, Bishop Of Pitts burgh, preached the sermon. Besides those officiating about sixty clergymen were present in the sanctuary. The reception of guests was held in the large reception room of the acad emy and was followed by the commu nity congratulations, offered in the alumnae hall, the Sisters only being present, when an address was read by the Mother Assistant, Mother M. Loy ola Irvin. The "Jubilee Chorus," com posed by Sister Camille M. d'Invilliers, was sung and the gifts of the commu nity presented. I0TED WSSllllIf DIES FATHER LAUTH, O. 8. B., WAS WELL EQUIPPED FOR MISSION ARY LABOR IN THE SOUTH. The funeral of Rev. Jacob Lauth, O. S. B., occurred on August 31, from St. Bernard's Monastery, St. Bernard, Ala., Very Rev. Severin Laufenberg, O. S. B., prior, officiating. Father Jacob was born in $ous, Luxembourg, in 1845. Coming to America in 1863, his studies were made at Notre Dame, Ind. He was ordained November 11, 1870, for the Fort Wayne diocese, where .he re mained five years. Eighteen years of missionary labor in Texas followed, after which he joined the Benedic tine community. The missions of Alabama and Eastern Tennessee were the next scenes of his labor, his command of English, German, French, Spanish, Bohemian and several Slav dialects splendidly equipped him for his work. His last years were spent at St. Bernard, where he was professor of Moral Theology and Church History. He is survived by three brothers, two of whom are priests, and two sisters, both nuns of ST. PAUL, MINN., SEPTEMBER 11, 1915. PML HEW II IIITI MGR. CHERUBIHI APPOINTED WILL BE CONSECRATED TITULAR ARCHBISHOP. V In the ecclesiastical circles of Rome the nomination of the Right Rev. Mgr. Cherubini, Under-Secretary of the Sacred Congreagtion of Religious, as Apostolic Delegate to the Republic of Haiti, has been received with feel ings of satisfaction. Within two weeks the newly-chosen Apostolic Del egate will be consecrated a Titular Archbishop. His appointment is par ticularly popular in the lay ranks, where, as Ecclesiastical Assistant to the famous club known by thg name of the "Circolo di S. Pietro," Mgr. Cherubini won goldten opinions. DR. MacRORY OF MAYNOOTH NOMINATED BISHOP OF DOWN AND CONNORS-PROFESSOR OF SCRIPTURE SINCE 1889— VICE RECTOR SINCE 1012. Official information has been re ceived from Rome of the appointment of the Very Rev. Dr. MacRory, Vice President of St. Patrick's College, Maynooth, to the vacant See of Down and Connor in succession to Bishop Tohill who died about a year ago. The Bisliop-elect who is in his fifty-fourth year, has had a distin guished career as a scholar and writer of ecclesiastical works. Born in the year 1861, he was edu cated at Armagh and Maynooth College. In the year 1887 he was ap pointed Professor of Moral Theology and Sacred Scripture at Olton College, Birmingham, which" position he re linquished two year? later on becom ing Professor of Sacred Scripture, Hermeneutics, and Oriental Languages at Maynooth. He was appointed Vice President of the institution in 1912. His publications include "The Gos&el of St. Jobn'4 and "The First and Second Epistle.4 to the Corin thians." He was also senior editor of "The Irish Theological Quarterly," which publication he helped to found, and was a frequent contributor to the Irish Ecclesiastical Record," "The Catholic University Bulletin" of America, and other well-known jour nals. mm FITIEII Father Lorente was born in Spain forty-seven years ago, and was a mem ber of a distinguished family that has given several of its members to the service of the Church. He was a mem ber of the Faculty of the University of St. Thomas at Manila, when the late Archbishop Chapelle, then Apostolic Delegate to the Philippines, appointed him his private secretary and Auditor of the Delegation. Returning with the Archbishop to New Orleans, Father Lorente became superior of the newly established community of Dominicans there. Later he was appointed Vice Provincial of the Spanish Dominicans Father Lorente purchased from the Benedictine Fathers the old site of their college and seminary at Poncha toula, La., where he established an ec clesiastical seminary. The place is now named Rosaryville. In 1903 Father Lorente was appointed rector of St. Anthony's Church, New Orleans where he remained until 1910 when he was appointed secretary-general of his province and professor of civil law at the University of Manila. FITH FILL RETURNS WILL CHARGE OF THE TAKE PAULIST CHORISTERS OF CHI CAGO. V Rev. William* J. Finn, C." "3. P? for years director of the famous Paulist choir in Chicago, but who gave up that work some time ago on his trans ference to New York, has been return ed to Chicago by the Superior of the Paulists. Father Finn will re-orgaji 1 V 1 1 •»+»•*.'• w /, -fc ^larii-i.rtr^' 1 TAL $200,000. DEAD VICE-PROVINCIAL OF 8PANISH DOMINICANS HAD DISTINGUISH ED CAREER. The Very Rev. Thomas Lorente, O. P., Vice-Provincial of the Dominicans in Spanish America, Visitator of his order in Central America, Cuba and Mexico, and rector of the Church of St. Anthony of Padua, New Orleans, died suddenly in that city on Tuesday, August 24. On the following morning Solemn Mass of Requiem was sung in the old church of St. Anthony, in pres ence of a large throng of clergy and laity, by the Rev. Gerardo Ramiro, O. P. The remains, accompanied by many priests, were taken to Rosary ville, La., that afternoon. The next morning Requiem Mass was offered in the seminary chapel by the rector, Father Ruano, O. P, after which the body was laid to rest in the Dominican cemetery. '*r I *r i 3 Tr i#7 if r9f* FUMFI GORDON APPOINTED WILL HAVE CHARGE OF CATHO LIC INDIANS AT HA8KELL IN STITUTE, LAWRENCE, KAN* The Rev. Philip B. Gordon, a full blooded Chippewa Indian, has been sent by Cardinal Gibbons to take charge of the religious welfare of the 200 Catholic Indians attending the Haskell Institute at Lawrence, Kan. Father Eckert, pastor of the parish at Lawrence, has heretofore been chap lain at the Institute along with his other duties. Father Gordon will also work in dif ferent directions among the Indians within a hundred miles and less of Lawrence. These duties will take him among the Pottawatomies, S&c and Foxse, Kickapoos and to Chlllocco, Oklahoma, and two or three Oklahoma points. Father Gordon is writing a work that will be entitled when published, The Indian's Side of American His tory." He is one of two Indian Catholic priests in the United States. The other is Father Albert Negahn quet, O. S. B., a member of the Bene dictine Fathers at Sacred Heart Ab bey, Oklahoma. Father Gordon is a graduate of the College of St. Thomas, and of the St. Paul Seminary, St. Paul, Minn., and was ordained for his native diocese of Superior, Wis. GENEPDSJFFLETLS MR. fcOUTT AND 80N, Off JACK SONVILLE, ILL., ENDOWED COL LEGE GIFTS TO CHURCH TO Recent issues of the Jacksonville Courier, of Jacksonville, 111., contain an account of the deaths of William R. Routt and his son, Harvey J. Routt, converts to the Church, who built and endowed the Routt Catholic Endowed College (for vocational training) of Jacksonville and gave generously of their great wealth to other Catholic institutions. Mr. Routt, Sr., was extremely lib eral to the Church of Our Saviour in Jacksonville and to its allied interests. Chief among his gifts was the sum of $15,000, and the ground on which tlir building stands, for the foundation o£ Routt College. This institution, which is named in his honor, he endowed with an additional gift of $50,000 on the day of its dedication and later provided an endowment fund. Other philanthropies have been the build ing and equipping of a large addition to Our Saviour's hospital and a mag nificent pipe organ to the Church of Our Saviour. Several subsequent gifts in greater or less amounts to these various institutions has brought the total well up toward $200,000. CITHKLC OL'KE III DUKE OF NORFOLK 19 A BENE FACTOR OF THE HOLY SEE— ENGLAND'8 PREMIER NOBLE MAN. _• The Duke tif Norfolk ft- lying seriously ill in a nursing Home in Leeds where he underwent a severe operation recently. Even if all goes well, he cannot be moved for several weeks. His constitution is very robust but he is not a young man. Should he not recover his loss would be an immense one not only to the Catholic Church in England, but even to the Holy See itself, for from his enormous revenues he gives yearly a sum in excess of the total offering of Great Britain for Peter's Pence alone. It is said that since be came into the Dukedom he had returned to the Church in one way and another more than the equivalent of the value of the property which one of his ances tors received from the plundered monasteries. BEQUESTS TIL REUEIBN MQJ1. McCANN OF TORONTO WILLED $10,000 TO CHARITY. rThft principal bequest* In the last .will aad testament of the late Mon signor McCann, Vioar General of the Diocese of Toronto, Ontario, Can., are the folldwing: Two thousand dollars fof the educa tion of priests and part of his library to St. Augustine's Seminary. In the past two years Mgr. McCann gave six thousand dollars to the seminary for endowment and a scholarship $2,000 to St. Michael's Hospital $1,000 to Archbishop McNeil $1,000 to Catholic Church Extension Society $1,000 to •House of Providence $500 to St Michael's College $500 to Loretto Academy $500 to St. Joseph's Acad emy $500 to St Helen's Church $450 to St. Mary's Altar Society $200 to St Joseph's Convent on Bathurst street $200 to Good Shepherd Convent $200 to Precious Blood Convent $150 to St. Marys Conference of St. Vincent de Paul Society. 1 """••i IIIIWIMIIII .. Ji W!T Ww»^, ?W?3-? 'f Ai v vr« ~s J? ^,-. .. HIS HOLINESS PLEASED WITH E I N E V I E W A N E CARDINAL GIBBONS BY PRESN DENT WIL80N. Recent dispatches from the Eternal City are to the effect that Pope Bene dict was gratified to learn of the cordiality that marked the inter view between President Wilson and Cardinal Gibbons on Thursday of last week when His Eminence delivered to the President in Washington a mes sage from the Pope dealing with peace. His Holiness said that he hoped everybody, both in Europe and the United States, would be convinced that his constant prayer is for the ending of the war, and that his work In this direction is entirely disinterest ed, being inspired only by the teach ings of Christ and his love for human ity. He added that he would be ready to give the whole support of the Cath olic Church to the person, institution ITALIAN COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF, OFFICERS AND PRIVATES AS SIST AT MASS SAID BY A PRIE8T-SOLDIER. "Priest-Soldiers" is the heading in fi&e liberal Corriere della Sera of a vivid article written a few days ago from X..., which one guesses will be somewhere near the front, says "Rome." It describes once more the "Soldier's Mass," the church crammed with troops, a special place bring kept for officers on one side. "One comes in quietly and mingles with the crowd it is the Commander-in-Chief, Cadorna, all rise to make room for him he whispers to them not to move and finds a place in a corner at the end of a bench of officers." A Relig ious Chaplain celebrates, Father Semeria after the Gospel another 4 THE POPE AND PEACE MASS AT THE FRONT MTEIESTIHC MIL COLLEGE FOB GIRLS RUINS OF OLD FRANCISCAN FRI ARY NEAR LONDON, FOUNDED IN 1499 AND 8UPPRES8ED IN 1&34, DISCOVERED. A discovery which has just made at Richmond recalls some of the Catholic memories of the London suburbs. The Red Cross Hospital on Richmond Green is being enlarged by breaking a doorway into the ad joining house, Abingdon Lodge. On clearing the panelling from the wall on the Abingdon Lodge side, it was found that the plaster behind it was decorated with fresco painting of pre Reformation date. It is believed the painting indicates that the wall is part of the buildings of the Fran ciscan Friary, which once stood on this site. The house was founded in 1499 by King Henry VII, who held his court at Richmond throughout his reign, and indeed gave it the name which it still bears, changing its old name of Sheen into that of Richmond in mem ory of his title before he became king. The Friary was suppressed in 1534 by his son, Henry VIII, but Catholic Rich mond remembers its brief existence, chiefly on account of one of the last of its friars, who was put to death at Tyburn, but whose name has not yet been placed upon the honored list of the beatified martyrs. The case is complicated by the fact that the charge of treason made against him was connected with the alleged prophecies of "the holy maid of Kent." But there can be little doubt that he sacrificed his life in consequence of his opposition to the first steps taken by Henry to change the religion of England. In an age when far too many men were chiefly anxious to take the safest and easiest course the Fran ciscans showed an unswerving loyalty to the Holy See, and Henry honored them with the .special marks of his hatred. The Friary at Richmond was one of the first of their houses to be suppressed. It was believed that the buildings were completely demolished soon after, but the discovery at Abing don Lodge seems to indicate that part of the old Friary was embodied in the newer buildings which now occupy its site. ITILLLL TLFLLTL FATHER BALDUCCI HA8 CHARGE OF ITS ERECTION AT WALLA WALLA, WASH. The new Italian church ai Tftftth and Alder streets, Walla Walla, Wash., is nearing completion, under the direc tion of Rev. R. Balducci, who is pas tor of the Italian colony and chaplain of St. Mary's Hospital. When com pleted the building will be free frdm debt. Later on a parish hall will be built near the church which will be used for the Sunday school and gen era,! church meetiasp. *, r/ v JWL "^.J* f' .*' *d ^,lllllllllll"lil»W»*^^ »».JIII.'WC^ HISTORIC I 1 SOOIFCRY. Number 37 or country that undertook the noble mission of ending the war. He expressed pleasure over the fact that the diplomatic negotiations be tween the United States and Germany had resulted in a promise from Ger many to modify her submarine war fare. The Pontiff said that President Wilson, having shown hoth groups of belligerents the fairness, firmness and good will of the American govern ment, could now address them with authority and probably induce them to take the preliminary steps which would lead gradually to negotiations for peace. The Vatican is besieged with requests from all parts of the world for information regarding the possible action by Pope Benedict in concert with the United States in favor of peace. The reply of the Vatican to these messages is that nothing of a positive nature exists, and that the visit of Cardinal Gibbons, to Presi dent Wilson must not be regarded as the first step in a new papal initiative. Religious with a name equally well known, Father Gemelli, speaks for a few minutes. On the war? No, on the Christ Who throughout Palestine gave the blind sight, the deaf hearing, the dumb speech. It is in the time of trial and danger that we all, he said, from the humblest to the high est, the most ignorant to the most learned, think of religion. It is then we care for it. He told a little story. One day not long ago there was a biggish fight going on and the Com mander-in-Chief had to get to the front—and quick. But next day was Sunday. "No Mass tomorrow morn ing, I'm afraid, Father," General Cad orna? said "if we can't, we can't." "Can't we?" said General Porro who was standing by. And Cadorna, after a minute's thought, said "Why not?" —and turning to the Staff, "Mass to morrow morning at half past four for all who ljke to come." All came. RELIGIOUS OF SACRED HEART EMPOWERED TO CONFER DE .GREES BY STATE OF OHIO IN NEW COLLEGE AT CLIFTON. The first Catholic College, with the privilege of conferring degrees, to be established in the State of Ohio will be opened at the Sacred Heart Aca demy, Clifton, with the beginning of the coming season on Tuesday, Sep tember 14. After thorough inspection by the State Superintendent of Public Instruction of the course, equipment, faculty and buildings, all being found to meet the State requirements, the religious of the Sacred Heart were empowered by the State of Ohio to confer degrees upon Btudents who had satisfactorily completed their col lege course. The Sisters of the Academy, which will henceforth be known as the Col lege and Asademy of the Sacred Heart, have received many congratu lations from the alumnae and from the local clergy upon the honor con ferred upon their institution. SISIEB'S G|P JUBILEE ORPHANS' FRIEND CELEBRATES BOTH ANNIVERSARY OF RELIG IOUS PROFESSION OFFICER8 OF THE MASS WERE HER "BOYS." The fiftieth anniversary of the re ligious profession of Sister Mary Fred erica, superioress of St. Vincent's Or phan Asylum, Tacony, Pa., was made the occasion of a notable celebration, the principal feature of which was a Solemn High Mass offered up in St. Vincent's Church Sunday, August 22. With one exception the officiatir|K priests had been orphans in the as* lum. They had journeyed from Tefc neSsee, California and Indiana to tl*£ golden jubilee celebration of the ven erable religious who in their boyhood had taken the place of a mother tar them. The Rev. George Michel, rector of St. Vincent's Church and chaplain the asylum, delivered the sermon For this occasion the St. Vinceiit Ladies' Aid had the church paintejk decorated and furnished with threio Hew altars and electric lights. Othst1 donations were made by kind friends* and benefactors of the asylum. Thes® gifts included Stations, sixteen nej# windows, a sanctuary lamp and aa altar gong. The jubilarian was born in Karll* ruhe, Baden, September 18,1844. Whi& a child she came with her parents id this country, and at the age of sixteen she left the world to enter the convent. She received the habit of the Ordsr of the School Sisters of Notre Daiho in Milwaukee, August 22, 1864. In the following ypar, on August 28, she mad$ her religious profession. iiii•una i n J.J.