Newspaper Page Text
The following description of the
new Cathedral from the pen of its architect, Mr. E. L. Masqueray, gives a correct idea of its magnificent pro portions and of the symbolism en shrined in its architectural details: The idea kept in mind in designing the Cathedral of St. Paul has been to obtain a church, which, while entirely of the twentieth century in feeling and purpose, would at the same time em body in its composition those second ary features that gave so much charm to the old churches of the Middle Ages. The outline of a cross, ambula tories between the main*body of the church and the surrounding chapels have been retained, with all their re ligious symbolism. To accomplish this and at the same time create a modern structure, the relative propor tions of the different elements as they appear in the ancient churches of Europe have been modified. The long and narrow nave and transepts of the medieval churches have been made wider and shorter. At their intersec tion the great dome has been placed and becomes the feature of the com position, following, in fact, the main lines of the original plan of St. Peter's in Rome as laid out by Bramante and Michel Angelo. The main entrance is under a monumental arch framing the apse window and through the three front entrances leading to the vestibule located under the organ gallery. At each end of the vestibule under the two towers are two chapels, one to be the founder's chapel, and the other to contain the baptismal font. The main nave is sixty feet in width and eighty-four in height, and is flanked by two large and beautiful chapels, one consecrated to the Blessed Virgin, and the other to St. Joseph. Running par allel to the nave on both sides and separated from it by imposing piers are the ambulatories, or passageways, twelve feet in width, giving easy ac cess to all parts of the nave and to the chapels of the Blessed Virgin and of St. Joseph. The great dome is ninety-six feet in diameter and one hundred and seventy-five feet high in its interior elevation. Twenty-four large windows in the dome bring a flood of light to the sanctuary. On each side of the dome are the tran septs, of the same dimensions as those of the nave, and lighted by great rose windows similar to the one over the front entrance. At the end of the transepts are the entrances to the two great chapels of St. Peter and of St Paul, near which secondary doors open to Selby and Dayton avenues. The sanctuary occupies the whole apse, the dimensions being sixty feet in width and sixty-five in length. It is surrounded by marble columns sup porting arches that separate it from the ambulatory, beyond which are the chapels of the nations, six in number, dedicated to the Apostles of the sev eral races from which are derived the people in the Northwest. As one sees at a glance, the ground plan of the in terior of the Cathedral will be very open, affording from every part a clear view of the altar and of the pul pit and at the same time permitting a fine grouping of the secondary ele ments of the architectural composi tion, ambulatories, chapels, organ gal lery, etc., and adding most picturesque effects and a religious atmosphere to the monumental ensemble. The seat ing capacity is three thousand in pews, and one thousand more in re movable chairs. The exterior is a frank architectural expression of the- interior and Is dis tinguished by broad treatment of wall surfaces and dignity of proportions, the ornamented parts being -grouped at points where they will be effective and will emphasize the general archi tectural design—chiefly, on the main front, the towers, the sides, the en trances and the dome. The building material used is a light gray-pink granite, full of quartz which, under the light of the sun, sparkles like precious stones. The texture being Cathrural of iJaul DESCRIPTION OF ITS ARCHITECTURAL FEATURES AN IMPOSING EDIFICE—RICH IN SYMBOLISM. rather coarse, details have been treat ed broadly and simply. The outside dimensions of tJK» church are as follows: Length, two hundred and seventy-four feet width of transcepts, two hundred and four teen width of main facade one hun dred and forty width of dome, one hundred and twenty feet height of facade, one hundred and thirty feet height of towers, one hundred and fifty feet, height of cross over the dome, two hundred and eighty feet. Under the towers are the entrances to the crypt located beneath the front part of the church, where there will be an important chapel or lower church and two large rooms for meet ings of societies and catechism classes. Between the facade and Summit avenue the grounds, one hundred and ten feet in depth, have been treated as monumental approaches, ramps and walks having been studied with regard to easy access to the church and an artistic setting to the whole edifice. AN IMPOSING FACADE. The' facade of the Cathedral is very imposing. The cross which sur mounts its central part over the main entrance is one hundred and thirty feet above the floor and the towers on either side rise to a height of one hundred and fifty feet. Over the main entrance are two allegorical figures representing Science and Re ligion, the former bearing a torch, and the latter a cross. Between these fig ures is a garlanded cartouche with the words: "Erat lux vera quae illuminat omnem hominem venientem in hunc mundum." ("He was the true light which enlighteneth every man that cometh into this world.") In addition to these figures, the facade also is ornamented with two statues repre senting St. Peter and St. Paul, each twelve feet in height, and a group of Christ and His Apostles which is carved above the main arch that sur mounts the rose window. The inscrip tion under this group reads: "Euntes, ergo, docete omnes gentes" ("Going, therefore, teach ye all nations"). The symbolism of the statuary or namenting the facade of the Cathe dral is worthy of note as being in full keeping with that of the whole edifice. The Cathedral is the Church of the apostolate as suggested by the name of its patron, Saint Paul. In the inte rior reigns the Master enthroned in (Continued on page 10.) THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, JANUARY 27, 1917 y------------------------------------- WEAR A PHOENIX NIMH COAT fpr Style, Fit, Comfort, Quality Made in our own St. Paul factory by skilled workmen and modern equipment. The PHOENIX MACKINAW COAT offers all the comfort of a great coat at less than half the price. A wide variety to choose from. Any first-class dealer can get it for you if he has none. FINCH, VM SLYCK S McCONVILLE MAMJFACTl"KIiKw PARK SQUARE, SAINT PAUL 34327-8 Main 1631 REHNBERG'S Butter and Meat Market 716-718 Marquette Ave. MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. SATISFACTION Just to know yourself that you are serving recognized food products is a great satisfaction. To feel that your guests realize you are serving the best, is even greater satisfaction for the hostess and housewife. That's why you see so many people serve "Home Brand" foods—their quality and standing are recognized as the highest. For years these Saint Paul products have been preferred in the homes of particular people —Home Brand pleases critical tastes. Home Brand Food Products are so good, you too, will take pride in serving them on important occasions—so inexpensive you can enjoy these excellent foods every day. If you are not using Home Brand Foods in your home—order from your grocer today. Home Brand Pure Food Products are for sale in nearly every town in the Northwest—in most good grocery stores in Saint Paul. THE LARGEST CONSIGNMENT HOUSE IN THE NORTHWEST MtUt/B) 5 Wr»va n OVER lOO.OOO SATISFIED SHtPPERS Write for pricc list, trap book and catalogue. It's free. Mention Catholic Bulletin, We are known the whole country over as the old reliable. NORTHWESTERN HIDE & FUR COMPANY 200-204 FIRST STREET NO. Established 1890 MINNEAPOLIS, MINN.