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»/N 0 POPULAR APOLOGETICS. Adapted from the German of Rev. Peter Nilkes, S J., by Rev. James Walcher. L1X. Goethe's Mvinitv. Objection: The priests and women "would like to catechise us men like Margaret did Dr. Faust. Well, of course, we believe in God, but accord ing to the manner of Goethe, the great poet and thinker. We say with Faust —Goethe! Dr. Faust to Margaret: "Hear me not falsely, sweetest coun tenance! Who dare express Him? And who profess Him, Saying: I believe in Him! Who, feeling, seeing, Deny His being, Saying: I believe Him nol! The All-enfolding, The All-upholding, Folds and upholds He not Thee, me, Himself? Arches there not the sky above us? Lies not beneath us, firm, the earth? And rise not, on us shining? friendly, the everlasting stars? Look I not, eye to eye, on thee, And feel'st not, thronging, To head and heart, the force, Still weaving its eternal secret, Invisible, visible, 'round thy life? Vast as it is, fill with that force thy heart, Ami when thou in the feeling wholely blessed art, Call it, then, what thou wilt,— ('all it Bliss! Heart! Love! God! I have no name to give it! Feeling is all in all: The Name is sound and smoke, Obscuring heaven's clear glow." (Translated by Bayard Taylor.) Answer: You certainly expect a different answer from me than the one the naive Margaret gave, who thought that '"All that is fine and good to hear it so," or at least considered it "tolerable." But for a thinking man this nebulous, pantheistic, emotional religion of Goethe is intolerable, hol low, and unreasonable. A dishonest sport is here made with the word God God is only Bliss, Heart, Love," hence no personal being. That is bare pantheism that calls the All' its God the All which stirs and moves in eternal mystery, which can at the most be called "the All-enfold ing, the All-upholding," but on no ac account admits a personal, extramun dane (outside the world) God beside itself. For a thinking man the world pre sents itself everywhere, in the small est as in the largest, as the work of an intelligence, hence jf a_ spjrit, of a personality: this we call God. Whoever has no clear ideas about God and the world, may, like the unhappy Margaret, be bamboozled and say: "Much the same way the preacher spoke, Only with slightly different phrases." But these "slightly different phrases" are the very opposite. The famous professor of political economy, Roscher* (tlS94) says that the principal reason for the idolizing of Goethe is his easy, pantheistic con ception of life. That in this respect he is the opposite of Shakespeare. Of sin, conscience, justice, and grace Goethe has no understanding his Faust, who by his low sensuality had ruined in the most terrible manner a whole family (mother, daughter, child, and brother), knows nothing of sorrow and repentance he sleeps bedded on the flowery sod, forgets his former terrible life and awakes to new joys of life. Is this moral? Also in his old age he commits the worst injustices and still finally ascends into heaven without sorrow and penance. Faust never turned himself to God, his last end, and never freed himself from the devi!. There is no mention of a moral conversion. His "redemp tion" is, therefore, the purest, external comedy. This easy, but anything than moral earnest view, is only a practical attempt to live happily in this world and then die a blessed death. Roscher says: "Whoever thinks such an answer sufficient to.such vital questions, to him the life of the poet (Goethe) must appeal and be quieting in a high degree." IN A CONVENT. From dawn to dark the day has run, And they who rose up ere the sun Return at eventide. Through chapel door, at sound of bell, The Sisters came their prayers to tell, Where Jesus doth abide. Through all the day they worked tor Him In many ways with earnest vim They did His blessed Will. But when the day is nearly o'er, The Sisters come through chapel door To do their best work still. Then prayer and praise to Him as cend To Him, in Whom all labors Mid, %he Vesper hymns aspire, While incense clouds float to and fro O'er altar lamp with ruddy glow, They praise Him in the choir. The painted angels on the wall Are not more still—as each and all Their evening homage pay, And one there is who prays for me, And one for all in grief who be, Aijd one for you doth pray. So far removed are earthly things, One almost hears the rushing wings Of messengers—God's own— •Roscher was born 1817 in Hanover and died at Leipzig as a believing Prot ectant. after having taught 107 terms. His manv works on political economy went through several editions, some through many. He is the author of the beautiful saying: "As soon as a man o fHiarrel w-ith- -Oftd,- eVeta' jpmartest becomes foolish." TU R6ICAL.V & --3 Bearing the earnest prayers thep said, Both for the living and the dead, To His Most Holy Throne. Seven times a day their prayers must be And every time they pray for me And every time for you. And fGr the sorrows of the world, And that God's peace may be un furled, And war and hate be backward hurled— And earth to heaven be true. —Camilla R. Hall. CAIN'S WIFE. Marriage between close relations is, according to the light of nature, a thing not to be done first, because it is bad physically for the offspring and, secondly, because if allowed it would introduce a dangerous feature into family life, and would vitiate the peculiar sanctity of family affection. Hence it is forbidden by the posi tive divine law. But God could cer tainly give permission for such a mar riage in any particular case, especially under circumstances where it would do no harm. He could have created some more people for the children of Adam to marry with. But He did not see any necessity for this which, moreover, would have destroyed the unity of the human race. Hence He could contemplate the case of Cain marrying his sister, and sanctioned it in that instance. The marriages of the next generation would be between first cousins, and after that between second cousins, and so on. The inter marriage of close relations would thus in short time become unneces sary, and the ordinary light of nature would teach men that it was not to be done. Therefore the question of Cain's wife affords no real difficulty and con tains no inconsistency \vlien_ once the nature of the divine control is under stood. Nor can it. be said that this single practice of close marriage at the be ginning would tell against the qualities of the offspring. First, because these evil effects would hardly arise from a single instance—it is by continuous close intermarriage that harm accum ulates and, secondly, primitive men were strong and healthy, and had not become weakened as they did after wards by ill-regulated lives. —Reu. Edw. Hull, S. J. HAYDN'S ROSARY. The famous musician, Joseph Haydn, was the son of a poor wheel "vnight," at Rohran, Lower Austrian. His father played on the harp, to the music of which his mother would sometimes add that of her charming voice. This it is which first awoke the musical talent of the great com poser. One day, when he was in com pany with several distinguished mu sicians, the question arose as to the best way of refreshing the mind when one is wearied with mental labor. "For my part," said one, "I find noth ing so effective as a glass of good wine." Another remarked: "When my ideas begin to flag, I quit work and go into company." "And how is it with you, Haydn?" asked one of his companions. "I take out my Rosary, which al ways carry about with me," he an swered modestly "after a few dec ades I am sure to feel refreshed both in body and mind!' CATHOLIC INSTINCT. How often we hear the praise, "It is the Catholic instinct," or "He has the Catholic instinct." "It was her Catholic instinct," etc. Now what is Catholic instinct? "It is not easier to define what Catholic instinct is than to define what an instinct is," says Maurice Francis Egan, writing in the "Almanac of the Sacred Heart for 191G." He gives this definition: "It is the aroma from the gift of faith which neutralizes the odors of evil. It is a perfume of Rome, not an odor of Paris. It is that sensitiveness which makes even the unlearned de test false doctrine, without knowing exactly why. It keeps us safe it makes us trustworthy it prevents in temperance in the assertion of the truth it makes us obedient without the necessity of our explaining to our selves why we should be so. On the heart full of Catholic instinct the truths of religion fall like the 'gentle rain from heaven.' It saves us from mistakes of overzeal or underzeal. It is grace cultivated and conserved. We know its effects, and our great pub licists have owed more to this instinct than to their scholarship," The creation of this instinct is one of the chief effects of religious educa tion. Even the little non-essential but beautiful customs of faith should be encouraged from infancy. "How are we to insure the inheritance of faith to our children if we do not train them from the beginning?" asks Dr. Egan. The public schools may teach what the text-book calls iacts, "but they ig nore the greatest fact of all." Dr. Egan believes that the "basest result of modern teaching is to make us minimize the weight of parental re sponsibility," and he reminds the Cath olic parent that "no power can absolve him from the duty of keeping his child's heart pure l'or its Creator." —Sacred Heart Review. THE LORD'S PRAYER. The spirit of the Lord's ie beautiful. It breathes: A filial spirit—^Father." A Catholic spirit—"Our Father." A reverential spirit—'Hal\QW he Thyriam#* •4^.- -«£H*A «g A missionary spirit—"Thy kingdom come." An obedient, spirit—"Thy will be done." A dependent spirit-^-"6tye us this day our daily bread." A "penitent spirit—"Forgive .us our trespasses." A forgiving spirit—"As we forgive those who trespass against us." A watchful spirit—"Lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from, evil." Amen. i PAGANISM IN THE HOME. "A generation ago the visitor could tell a Catholic home immediately upon entrance," says the Extension Maga zine. "A crucifix, a statue of the Blessed Virgin, or a picture of a fav orite saint, adorned the walls but now these articles of devotion are relegated to the bed-chambers, if in deed they are permitted even there. American paganism has penetrated into Catholic homes to such an extent that the crucifix has been superseded by the golf trophy, and the image of the Blessed Virgin by a kewpie! Cath olic atmosphere is being dissipated by fetid odor of modern materialism, save for the distinguished Catholic who, by tagging a medal of St. Chris topher, the patron of travels, on his automobile, thinks thereby to save himseli-the expense of a smashup." CHRISTIAN NAMES. There is a growing tendency to get away from the old-fashioned names and substitute some meaningless word for a name at baptisms. The Church has always taught that the names of the Saints should be given to the newly baptized, that they may have a patron and guardian through life. The New World remarks: "We might also ask the whereabouts of the old-fashioned Catholic fathers and mothers who did not content themselves with giving their children decent Christian names at Baptism, but were proud to call them by the same in after years. Where are the Dominies, the Francises and the Boni faces the Agneses, the Margarets, the Bridgets, and a host of others known and loved in the past? Some of them, it is true, remain—mostly in families whose hardy faith has not been touched by the blighting breath of social expediency. But far too often the fine old names have van ished like last summer's foliage. In their place we have Percys and Floyds and Myrtles and Daisies and other meaningless designations too numer ous to mention. "So let us leave the old-fashioned songs to poets and musical critics and concern ourselves with resuscitating the old-fashioned Catholic parents, who named their boys and girls for saints of the Church." The abuse to which our contempo rary refers is undoubtedly becoming more general throughout the country. The present generation may well copy the simplicity and faith of the genera tions that are past. In the day gone by Catholic parents were staunch de fenders of religion and were glad for truth's sake to suffer the slings and taunts of bigotry and modern thought. There are too many apologizing for their faith to an un-Christian world today. Why not be Catholic both in name and deed! A NAME IN THE SAND. Alone I walked the ocean strand, A pearly shell was in my hand I stooped and wrote upon the sand My name—the year—the day. As onward from the spot I passed, One lingering look behind I cast A wave came rolling high and fast, And washed my lines away. And so, methought, 'twill shortly be With every mark on earth from me: A wave of dark oblivion sea Will sweep across the place Where I have trod the sandy shore Of time, and been, to be no more, Of"me—my day—the name I bore, To leave nor track nor trace. And yet, with Him Who counts the And holds the waters in His hands sands I know a lasting record stands Inscribed against my name, Of all this mortal part has wrought, Of all this thinking soul has thought, And from these fleeting moments caught For glory or for shame. —The Pittsburgh Observer. HOW EASY TO PRAY. One practice of piety, common enough among priests and religious, ought to become far more prevalent than it is among the rank and file of Christians—the utterance of ejacula tory prayers. As to the necessity of prayer in the life of a Christian no one needs to be convinced as to its efficacy all well-instructed Catholics are sufficiently persuaded but as to its ease with which the duty of pray ing may be accomplished a good many children of the Church are apparently ignorant. To imagine that prayer is invariably connected with one's presence in a certain place or with one's assuming a certain posture is a crude mistake. Prayer is essentially an elevation of the soul to God and we may raise our souls to God at any time or in any place. Pious ejaculations, in particu lar, constitute an excellent form of prayer for people who are constantly busy. 4 They do not interfere with our ordi nary occupations their brevity is per haps a safeguard against inattentions and they may be as fervent and as effective as if we made them on bend ed knees in the privacy of our bed chamber. During the month of the Holy Souls our frequent utterance of such ejaculations as "Give them, O Lord, eternal rest and let perpetual light shine upon them!" and "May the souls "of the faithful departed through the mercy of God rest in peace!" or the briefer "May they rest in peace!" cannot but prove of genuine utility to such of our dear ones as are Wr^fTfrIf7l THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, JANUARY 27 1917 being subjected (o the cleansing tires of purgatory and we can assuredly repeat these ejaculations many times a day without interrupting either our work or Our legitimate recreation. —Ave Maria. THE RUINS OF PROTESTANTISM. Great promise, indeed, wms display ed when the sixteenth century first ushered Protestantism into the world, but time has wrought havoc with all its glittering hopes. How grand and inspiring seemed its philosophy when first it commanded the attention of the world and unfolded and revealed its liberal principles! Attractive as is everything new,, more attractive by far in its pristine grandeur was this new religion. Like a kingly castle it rose aloft, so majestic, so grand, so beauti ful. Freedom from restraint and lib erty of conscience and independence of authority, democracy in church as well as in state, home rule in religion as well as in politics, enlightenment, progress in science and art the dar ing character of its leaders, their sin gleness of purpose, their heroic re solves—were not all these worthy of the admiration of the world, were not all these entitled to its loudest accla mation? How resplendent they all seemed in the light of these suns of the sixteenth century! Who could be lieve that the time was to come when all their glory was to fade? And yet as spring passes into summer and sum mer into winter, so sorely was dissen sion, division,, extinction to uproot the foundation of this apparently splendid fabric and cause it to totter and fall to the ground. There were those who with happy dreams of a better life left their fatherland for the shores of America, and if we may trust history, what, a simple, peaceful, delightful life they led. But look you down the vista of ensuing years and see their prog eny struggling and battling with the billows of petty differences, stripping and tearing the last emblem of their creed—alas for the Bible—alas for the powerlessness of a church without a head to persevere, the complete fail ure of this novel creed to endure! Be hold the ravages of time! Not more different is a picture of a modern cas tle when every tower tells of strength, •put side by side of a painting of the ancient ruins of a medieval palace, its spires toppling, its walls crumbling, a fitting abode only for the birds of the air, than differs the lofty hopes from the wreck and ruin wrought in the realms of Protestant thought. Walter Judge, in The Pilgrim A WORD OF THE HEART. Once a Jew went into a Parsee tem ple where the sacred fire was burning. "I am astonished," he, said to the priest, "that you worship fire, a ma terial thing." "Fire is the emblem of the sun, answered the Parsee. "But I do not see why you worship the sun. The. Almighty Creator is greater than that." "The sun .is. the sign of the Invisible Being Who made it." "But," persisted the Jew, "it is wrong to worship a sign." "What do you call the Supreme Be ing?" "Jehovah," reverently said the Jew "That is grand," answered the Par see "but it is awful." A Christian drew near. "We call Him Father," he quietly remarked. The pagan and the Jew looked at each other, saying, "Ah, that is a word of the heart!" Then the three.looked up to heaven and instinctively uttered the words, "Otir Father." —Extension Magazine. THE DIVINE PRESENCE AND THE HUMBLE. APPEARANCE. Pass back, my soul, into the relig ious world of God's ancient people, and contemplate the holy of holies with the divine Presence resting in' ineffa ble light on the pure golden mercy seat above the ark. How beautiful is the curtain which screens this august Presence from ordinary sight! How precious its material, how rich, and holy its adornment of Cherubim in dazzling and beauteous colors! Consider, my sOul, how fitting it was that the veil which concealed that mysterious Presence should be thus costly and magnificent. How un worthy was even all this material beauty to conceal that most holy efful gence which intimated the hidden ma jesty and attributes of God! But again contemplate, my soul, the ages in which the Catholic Church is founded, and reigns, and behold how thy God stoops all days to a still deep er humiliation for His people in the mystery ql the Holy Eucharist. O marvelous humility Of the Divine Word, Who lias veiled His divinity and humanity, under the lowliness of the eucharistic species! I might have thought that for the eucharistic veil of His majesty i-He would have chosen some appearance beautiful and precious. But my di vine Lord "took bread"—this simple food of man—as the species of His adorable body in the Eucharist. How condescendingly He lays aside His di vine glory in this blessed mystery! How sweet is the perfume of His heav enly humility which permeates the gar ment of the eucharistic species! How could I love to adorn myself with the purple and fine linen of worldly van ity, when I behold how humble is the seeming vesture of the Body of my God in the Holy Eucharist? O my di vine Lord, how great is the miracle of Thy eucharistic humiliation! Majes tically thou hast expressed dimension in uplifted mountain and starry ex panse of heaven and fathomless depth of ocean, but how gloriously dost Thou reveal the infinite dimensions of Thy love divine! in so small a species Splendidly Thy power shines forth in the glaring flash of lightning and in the rolling peal of thunder, but how dazzling is the grandeur of Thy al mightiness which silently and quietly works this mirvel- of Thy abasemeht in the Mystery of the Altar! Truly Thou are "a hidden God, the Saviour.' (IS.. 45, 15)t X-. .. i ''.yi.w.wjjsj,.|L-Wk' HE HOLY NAME OF JESUS. F^ir,Flowery Name! in none but Thee And Thy nectareal fragrancy. Hourly there meets A universal synod of all sweets i* B£ whom it is defined thus, That no perfume Forever shall presume To pass for odoriferous, But such alone whose sacred pedigree Can prove itself some kin, sweet Name, to Thee. Sweet Name! in Thy each: syl lable, A thousand blest Arabias dwell. i 1 Oh, that it were as it was wont to be! When Thy old friends, of Are all full of Thee, Fought against frowns with smiles gave glorious chase To persecutions and, against the face Of death and fiercest dangers, durst, with brave And sober face, mar6h on to m*et a i a v e On tfceir bold breasts above the world they bore Thee, A n o e e e o e s o o u o teach Thee In center of their inmost souls they wore Thee, Where rack and torments strove in vain to reach Thee. v Each wound of theirs was ThS^new morning, And reintlironed Thee in Thy rosy nest, With blush of Thine own blood Thy .day adorning: It was the wit of love o'ejrflQwed the bounds Of wrath, and made the way through all these wounds. "Welcome, dear, all-adored ifame! For sure there is no knee i That knows not Thee "Or, if there be such sons of slrame, Alas! what will they do When stubborn rocks shall bow, And, hills hang down their heaven saluting heads, To seek for humble beds Of dust, where, in the bashful ^hades of night, 1 Next to their own law nothing they may lie, And crouch before the dazzling light of Thy dread Majesty? They that by love's mild dictate now Will not adore Thee Shall then with just confusion bow And hreak before Thee." I —Richard Crashaw. KING GONDOFORUS. It is still the custom in some parts of England for poor people to "go a-gooding," as they call it, on St Thomas' Day. Beginning with the Squire, they visit the leading well-to do residents, carrying bags in which to receive any delicacies which may he given to them. These good things are kept to help out the Christmas and New Year dinner. In some par ishes a sum of money, called St Thomas' Dole, is collected, and distrib uted to the poor at .the: church: door. The Apostle St. Thomas is the patron of architects and builders and, in connection with this fact, a charmlns legend is told. There are numerous versions of it. The Saint, it is said, once found himself at Caesarea, and there owr Lord appeared to him. "The Kins of the Indies, Gondofor us," said the Master, "has sent a mes senger to seek for a builder who shall make him a grand palace. You are to be the builder. I will inspire you." So St. Thomas went to the domains of Gondoforus, and received his com mands. "I go to a far country,'', said the King*., "to be absent for. i many months but I leave you gold and sil ver in abundance. Build such a pal ace as the world has never seen." But St. Thomas, finding much mis ery and suffering all about him, gave the money to the poor and when the King returned lie was angry and or dered the Saint to be cast into prison He was. thinking .what manner tf death would be most meet for. the servant of God, when his brother died —a man renowned for good deeds and, as the King had loved him dear ly, he forgot all else for the time be ing. Then did the spirit of his brother appear to him and say: "Your prisoner is God's own serv ant. 1 am admitted to Paradise, and the angels have shown me a wonderful palace of gold and precious stones This,' they declare, 'Thomas has built for the King your brother, if he will decide to have it."" So the King ran to the prison and opened the door with his own hand and bade St. Thomas come forth. And. the Saint said: "They who would possess heaivenly things must not set their hearts on the perishable things of this world There are many palaces in heaven but thtey can bd purchased only by acts of love and charity done here Thy rfches, O King! may prepare thy way to such a place, but they can not follow thee thither." -Ave Mitritr. .4 THE CATHOLIC HABIT OF PRAYER. Nothing bespeaks the practical Cath olic so much as the salutary habit of prayer. In temptation, in each sur prise of. danger, in fear, anguish, or grief, the well-trained soul, like a' con tiding child running to the protecting arms of its mother, turns instinctively to God, and in so doing but follows the maxim of our Lord to "Pray always.' Prayer for-the Catholic is the armor of the soul which from constant use is kept clean and bright it is the ever present shield against which the fiery darts of enemies strike, but are power less to harm. It is as natural for the good Catholic to pray as to breathe and prayer will always spring sponta neously to his heart and lips with even the first intimation of danger. If he be victorious over temptation if he be successful in overcoming an incli nation to evil if he is to accomplish any good whatsoever^ ijt tg. traceable of seats^ John M. Gleason Mtmmi iHmtur and Embalmfr U 1 S O U N I N S fttlNNGAPOLIS MINN. A SAINT FOR THE WEEK. ST. TIMOTHY, BISHOP, MARTYR. Timothy was a convert of St. Paul. He was born at Lystra, in Asia Minor. His mother was a Jewess, but his father was a pagan, and though Tim othy had read the Scriptures from his childhood, he had not been cir cumcised as a Jew. On the arrival of St. Paul at Lystra, the youthful Timothy, with his mother and grand mother, eagerly embraced the faith. Seven years later, when the Apostle again visited the country, the boy had grown into manhood, while his good heart, his austerities, and zeal had won the esteem of all around him and holy men were prophesying great things of the fervent youth. St. Paul at once saw his fitness for the work of the Evangelist. Timothy was forthwith ordained, and from that time became the constant and much-beloved fellow-worker of the Apostle. In company with St. Paul he visited the cities of Asia Minor and Greece, at one time hastening on in front as a trusted messenger, at another lingering behind to con firm in the faith some recently founded church. Finally, he was made the first Bishop of Ephesus and here he received the two Epis tles which bear his name, the first written from Macedonia, and the sec ond from Rome, in which St. Paul from his prison gives vent to his longing desire to see his "dearly be loved son/^lit possible, once more be fore his death. St. Timothy himself, not- many years later, won his mar tyr's crown at.Ephesus. St. Paul is writing to Timothy, a faithful and well-tried servant of God, and a Bishop now getting on in years. Yet he addresses him as a child, and seems most anxious about his per severance in faith and piety. The letters abound in minute personal in structions for this end. It is there fore remarkable what great stress the Apostle lays on the avoiding of idle talk, and on the application to holy reading. These are his chief topics. Over and over again he exhorts his son Timothy to "avoid tattlers and busy-bodies, to give no heed to novel ties, to shun profane and vain bab blings but to hold the form of sound words, to be an example and conver sation, to attend to reading, to ex hortation, and to doctrine." always to prayer. All good things must come to him through prayer. When prayer ceases, the spiritual life cf the Catholic ceases, and when the spiritual and practical part of the Catholic life is laid aside, all merit gaining works are likewise laid aside or forgotten. Catholic life without good works becomes weakened, and that faith which is not stimulated by good works soon becomes a dead faith. THE FLAG OF THE MASS. it is not generally known that there is in the French navy an ensign be fore which all other flags are lowered, says a correspondent of The Catholic Advance. It is the flag of the Mass, which is hoisted when Mass is going on in the fleet. It is noteworthy, in the midst of the persecutions which are taking place all over France for displaying the Papal flag at festivals, that a good cure at Ronce les Bains has for the past three years flown not only the Papal flag but also the flag of the Mass every Sunday with impunity. The two are affixed to a flagstaff which can be seen well out at sea. Highest or ail comes the ensign of the Mass, then the Papal colors float proudly forth, and last comes the tri color of France. ANOTHER PRAYER. In &. Vttle old-world village at the foot of a high mountain there once lived a saintly youth named Clovis His circumstances being straitened, his days were filled with manifold du ties, but one hour each day was set aside for prayer and meditation on the mountain side. One day when he was a little later than usual, he hastened to his accustomed place, but was fur ther delayed by an old woman who liad dropped her whole bundle of fag gots directly in front of the young man. As she stooped to pick up the scattered sticks, Clovis hesitated. If he stopped to help her, he would lose much of his coveted hour of prayer if he passed her by, his conscience would reproach him. As he looked at her he suddenly saw back of her the shining figure of his Saviour. "Will you help me?" Clovis asked the Most Gracious Lord, pointing to the old woman. "Ye», Master," replied the young man. The shining figure vanished and Clovis stooped to the ground and helped the feeble woman to collect her poor little treasure and take it to her home. His cherished hour was lost, but all that day he carried with him a fragrant memory of a transcendently lovely face and a voice of ineffable .tenderness. M.E.L. NATIONALITY OF POPES. From the Throne of St Peter have ruled 15 French Popes, 13 Greeks, 8 Syrians, 6 Germans, 5 Spaniards, 2 Africans, 2 Savoyards, 2 Dalmatians, 1 Fleming, 1 Portuguese, 1 English man, 1 Swiss, 1 Dutch and 203 Ital ians. But never has one succeeded to such a heritage of woe as has the Genoese who now adorns the loftiest •^errpzuaea® U **»•*. HUB MR. GLEASON S NEW. ROOMS ARE THE MOST COMPLETE AND COMMO DIOUS IN THE CITY* Tei-State and Northwestern Telephones. Y E A N I N AND Y E I N A1! kind* of fancy Clean ing and dyeing done at moderate prices in the largest and most mod ern factory in St. Paul SPECIAL ATTENTION TO OUT-OF TOWN CUSTOMERS HEW YORK DYE WORKS Office: 167 W. Summit A*0., St. Paul Phnnu- Trl-State 3395 rnonei. w 0e(iar 60 It Is Further Ordered, That the first Monday in August, 1 7, at -10'o'clock a. in., at a General Term of sai| I'ro bate Court, to be held at the Court House, in the City of St. Paul, in said County, be and the same hereby Is ap pointed as the time and place when and when the said Probate Court will ex amine and adjust said claims and de man ds. And It Ts Further Ordered, That no tice of such hearing be given to all creditors and persons interested in said estate, by forthwith publishing'this Or der once in each week for three succes sive weeks in The Catholic Bulletin, a legal newspaper printed and published in said County. Dated at St. Faul this 5th day of January, 1917. By the Court: i— 50 SEOING ft NEWMASTER, Proprietors l'llKr.d \M A S V\TOIir w o i s e a s e s o I I i n O A I '»k' u:i 111:1. I'i li- Co.. i 11 i. Private Quarters. Good Food, Closo Nursing and Medical Attention. Booklet on request. Ask your physician about lis. For admission, apply to Dr. II. T.ongstreet Taylor, 810 I^owry Build ing. St. Paul or Dr. K. G. Allison, lies. Sunt Pokee-ninn. Minn THE NEW Slil DUKE PARMA of CIGAR VERY MILD HAVANA FILLER A Smoke You'll Remembaf SWEET AS A NUT MATT OPIT Sari & Murphy *Wfeen ?r.-Vi «-«cn Order for Creditors to I'resent Clalma, Lite. STATE OF MINNESOTA. COUNTY- OP Ramsey, ss. I'robate Court. In the Matter of the Estate o*f Eliza beth O'Brien, Deceased. Letters testamentary on the Estate of Elizabeth O'Brien, deceased, late of the County of Ramsey, and State of Minnesota, bejng granted to Mary fc. O'Brien. It Is Ordered, That six months be and the same is hereby allowed from anil after the date of this Order, in which all persons having claims or demands against the said deceased, are required to file the same in the I'robate Court of said County, for examination and al lowance. or be forever barred, E. W. BAZIL.LE, Judge of Probate. (Seal of Probate Court.) O'Brien. Young & Stone. Attys. Order for Creditor* to Preaent Claim*, Kte. STATE OF MINNESOTA. COUNTY OP Ramsey, ss. Probate Court. In the Matter of the Estate of William C. Dahle. Deceased. Letters testamentary on the je^tatd of William C. Dahle decea^ed^late of the County of Kamsey, and State of Minnesota, being granted to Margaret K. Dahle. It Is Ordered. That six months'be and the same is hereby allowed from- and after the date of this Order, in which all persons having claims or demands against the said deceased, are required to file the same in the Probate Court of said County, for examination and al lowance, or lie forever barreif." It Is Further Ordered, That the-first Monday in August, lit.17. at 10 o'clock a. m.. at a General Term of said Pro bate Court, to be held at tlie--Cburt House, in the City of St. Paul, in said County, be and the same hereby is ap pointed as the time and place when and where the said Probate Court will ex amine and adjust said claims and de mands. And.It Is Further Ordered, That nO? tice of such hearing be given to all creditors and persons interested in said estate, by forthwith publishing this Or der once in each week for three suc cessive weeks in The Catholic Bulletin, a legal newspaper printed and pub lished in said County. Dated at St. Paul this 4th day of Jan uary, 1917. By the Court: :b 1— E. W. BAZTLI.E, Judge of Probate. (Seal of Probate Court.) O'Brien, Young & Stone, Attys. ^^kofgoodv^^ $buckB RHORN^ ti CO •Star vabN^ THE Varnish of Service S U K O N O O U K O N I N E I O 3UCKH0RN ELASTIC SPAJR North Star Varnish Co, We look with tender eyes upon those we love, and sigh to think wo may, perchance, not be on the shore when they launch their little barques, forgetting Him Who holds the winds in His hands and regards the foil Of^ the sparrow. To each soul God gives the power to rise, if it will, even above the tyranny of inherited tendencies, and make its own destiny for good, for noble endJ.