Newspaper Page Text
®f*i IH-lf **».i-n^
•r^srr* ft 1 11 Volume 7 .' THE ANNUAL COLLECTION, ON PENTECOST SUNDAY, FOR THE BENEFIT OF THE HOLY SEE. To the Clergy and the Laity of the Diocese of St. Paul: Beloved Brethren: I make the announcement of the annual collection for the benefit of the Holy See, to be taken up, in this year of Grace, 1917, at the several Masses in all the churches of the Diocese of St. Paul, on the forth comj-.ig Pentecost Sunday, the twenty seventh day of May. A year ago, I addressed to the Clergy and the Laity of the Diocese of St, Paul an urgent appeal in favor of this annual collection. To my ap peal there was given an encouraging response—the offerings going con siderably beyond the sums obtained in any preceding year. I must hope and believe that the contributions to l)e made in the year 1917 will not only be equal to those of the year 1916, but will establish the consoling fact that devotion to the Holy See, and love for the illustrious Sovereign of the Church, Benedict XV., become with the passing of time stronger and more vivid among the Catholics of the Diocese of St. Paul, as, fortunately lor themselves, their temporal cir cumstances, enabling them to give substantial proof of devotion and love, continue under the beneficent hand of Providence, to endow them with higher and more blessed prosperity. Who, today, the Catholic that is "not proud of the glory encircling the Throne of Peter through the vast and far-reaching influence which its pres rnt illustrious occupant, Benedict XV, has been able to win to himself among the nations of the world! Oh all sides the voice of Benedict is heark ened to with reverential respect. If, despite his repeated exhortations to peace, war still desolates so many fair lands of Europe, it is none the less true that, in significant instances, he has been able to assuage the sor rows of the conflict, to extend over many miseries the hand of mercy and compassion, to awaken to livelier ac tion the principles of justice and humanity that should, even in the most exceptionable circumstances, rule the thoughts and the doings of peoples and of sovereigns. Seldom, in the story of recent centuries has the Papacy reached the heights of inter national splendor and beneficence that present times are willing to accord to it. Much of all this, of course, springs from the inherent spiritual forces of the See of Peter, where dwells in un broken succession the Princedom of the Incarnate God, the Founder and abiding Guardian of the Church: but to no small degree is it the personal work of the Pontiff who knows well how and when to set those forces in motion, turning all things to the greater glory of the Most High and the greater welfare of men and of nations. All hail, today, to Benedict XV, our Pontiff, our Leader! It is our privilege, our joy, to love him, to serve him, to give of ourselves and of our means in order that his labors be the more efficient, his victories be the more relucent of the sunshine of the Heavens—sure as we are that what he plans and accomplishes tends to the higher honor of God and to the richer profit of religion and o£ human ity. Appended to this present letter are the lists of contributions received from the several parishes of the Dio cese in the year 1916, to the benefit of the Holy See. The lists should be read with attention, that parishes which today deserve praise make effort to gain yet higher praise in future lists: that parishes whose smallness of gift invites reproach make effort in future opportunities to be more worthy of their sonship in the Su preme Pontificate than heretofore they have permitted themselves to appear. Our special appeal is to our high minded and zealous priests. As the priest, so the flock. As the priest strives to do, so the flock will be led to do. Let the words of the priest, in the announcement of the Pente costal Collection, vibrate with warm love for the Holy See: let his very voice be the signal of loyalty and of devotion: let it be plain that his pride in his parish, and what his parish is willing and able to do for Church and for Pontificate, the People will not fail to respond. We recall, with very strong insist ence, the statute of the Diocese of St. Paul ordering that the full sums of col lections taken up at each and every Mass on Pentecost Sunday be set aside as belonging to the Holy See— no deductions whatever being allowed for the benefit of local parish treas uries. 'In some places, we have had reason to believe, trustees deduct from the gross sum of collections an equivalent of the average Sunday col lection, to the intent that the parish treasury lose nothing of its regular re ceipts. This custom, wherever or how ever introduced, is formally prohibit ed. The parish as such, no less than its individual membership, must pay tribute to the Holy See. This present letter will be read at the several Masses in all the churches of the Diocese, on the Sunday preced ing Pentecost Sunday—May 20th and oa Pentecost Sunday itself—May 27th, 1 LETTER OF THE MOST REVEREND ARCH6IS i Ma f^*"*«^^^^^l"*,ls,'i%'l^' rf- O reference to it will be made and words of earnest fervor spoken in commenda tion of its purport. I pray God to bless the Clergy and the Faithful People of the Diocese of St. Paul. JOHN IRELAND, Archbishop of St. Paul. St. Fftul,' May 15,1917. COLLECTION FOR THE HOLY FATHER. PENTECOST SUNDAY, 19$6. St. Paul—Cathedral, $485.00 As sumption, $103.64 St. Adalbert, $37.1)8 St. Agnes, $132.60 St. Andrew, $45.30 St. Bernard, $163.45 St. Casi mir, $35.20 St. Cecilia. $38.70 St. Francis de Sales, $177.00 Holy Re deemer, $9.25 St. James, $57.35 St. John, $91.40 St. Louis, $80.00 St. Luke, $400.00 St. Mark, $40.00 St. Mary, $79.44 St. Matthew, $122.54 St. Michael, $135.00 St. Patrick, $50.00 St. Peter Claver, $25.55 St. Stanis laus, $35.28 St. Vincent, $70.00 Sacred Heart, $52.15 St. Paul Park, $12.14. Minneapolis—Pro-Cathedral, $480.11 St. Anne, $18.00 St. Anthony, $130.00 Ascension, $200.00 St. Boniface, $150.58 St. Clement, $60.00 SS. Cyril and Methodius, $10.00 St. Elizabeth, $80.61 Holy Cross, $10.00 Holy Rosary, $197.7G Incarnation, $241.50 St. Joseph, $181.90 St. Lawrence, $33.50 Our Lady of Lourdes, $65.50 Our Lady of Perpetual Help, $10.00 Hopkins—St. Margaret, $6.00 St. Philip, $7.50 St. Stephen, $154.20 Edina, $23.17 St. Thomas, $60.10. Outside the Cities Albertville, $22.76 Annandale, $17.75 Anoka, $37.52 Appleton, $10.80 Ortonville, $13.00 Ilegbert, $7.40 Arlington, ... Assumption, $20.00 St. John's—Sibley County, $30.00 Barry, $23.00 Beards ley, $61.40 Belle Creek, $32.76 Good hue, $11.29 Belle Plaine—Sacred Heart, $77.00 Belle Plaine—SS. Peter and Paul, $12.50 Belvidere, $7.50 Benson, $15.00 Bird Island, $94.56 Buffalo, $9.73 Canby, $20.75 Cannon Falls, $42.00 Carver, $11.03 Cedar Lake—St.— Patrick's, $26.00 Cedar Lake—St. Catharine's, $33.00 Center ville Chanhassen, $25.25 Chaska, $61.28 Clara City, $20.00 Clontarf, $30.00 Cologne, $8.00 Com frey Corcoran—St. Thomas, Corcoran—St. Jane Credit River, $34.15 Danvers, $42.00 Dar win, $15.00 Forest City, $18.00 Day ton, $19.20 Delano St. Peter's, $12.20 Delano—St. Mary's, .... De lano—St. Joseph's De Graff, $47.99 Eden Valley, $6.00 Manannah, $6.00 Excelsior Fairfax, $36.67 Faribault Immaculate Conception, $160.50 Faribault St. Lawrence, $66.27 Faribault Sacred Heart, $29.00 Farmington, ... Forest Lake, $5.00 Ghent, $59.80 Glencoe—SS. Peter and Paul, $44.00 Glencoe—St. George's, $10.00 Graceville, $40.00 Green Isle, $50.00 Green Valley, $31.00 Hamel Hampton, $30.50 Hastings—Guardian Angels, $73.10 Hastings—St. Boniface, $60.97 Heidel berg, $4.00 Lexington, $5.p0 Hender son, $24.50 Hopkins St. Mary's, $27.62 Hugo, $20.00 Hutchinson, $9.35 Inver Grove, $7.00 Coates—St. Agatha's, $5.00 Ivanhoe, $5.25 Jes senland, $44.00 Jordan—St. John's, $43.50 Kilkenny, $100.00 LakevHle, $32.00 Lamberton Le Sueur, $21.50 Le Sueur Center, $36.12 Litch field, $12.56 Lonsdale, $24.00 Loret to, $9.75 Lucan, $33.00 Milroy, $17.00 Madison, $30.00 Maple Lake, $43.50 Chatham, $24.50 Marshall, $70.05 Marysburg, $15.00 Marystown, $26.65 Medina, $20.00 Medicine Lake, $26.00 Mendota, $58.51 Miesville, $32.80 Minneota, $51.20 Montevideo, $25.65 Montgomery, $28.83 Morgan, $5.00 Morton, $30.00 Franklin, $10.67 Birch Coolie, .... Murdock, $12.50 Nassau, $16.72 Rosen, $36.02 New Brighton, $8.00 New Canada, $25.10 New Market, $11.37 New Prague, $35.92 New Trier, $27.80 New Ulm, $186.50 Nicollet Brighton, $10.00 Belgrade, $5.00 Northfield, $65.00 Hazelwood, $40.00 North St. Paul Norwood, $30.00 Oakdale, $10.00 Olivia, $63.00 Osseo, $16.83 Pine Island, $25.00 Cherry Grove, $15.00 Red Wing, $53.20 Red wood Falls, $25.10 Bechyn, $5.00 Renville, $48.32 Richfield, $52.58 Rogers, $12.75 Rosemount Rush City, St. Benedict, $25.40 St. Bonifacius, $35.00 St. Henry, $35.40 St.'John—Union Hill, L. S. Co., $14.15 $t. Joseph—Scott County, $26.00 St. Leo,/$48.50 St. Michael, $88.00 St. Peter-t—St. Peter's, $25.00 St. Peter Immaculate Conception, $46.29 St. Thomas, $.30.65 St. Wal burga, $13.56 Savage, $29.25 Searles, $14.90 Shakopee—St. Mark's, $100.00 Shakopee—St. Mary's, $25.00 Sliields ville, $31.28 Silver Lake—St. Joseph, $35.99 Silver Lake—St. Adalbert, $38.63 Springfield, $72.49 Sleepy Eye, $103.46 Leavenworth, $22.07 South St. Paul, $25.00 Stewart, $13.25 Still water—St. Michael's, $80.26 Still water—St. Mary's, $60.00 Stillwater —St. Joseph's, $7.00 Tracy, Vermillion (St. John's), $27.00 Veseli, $3.41 Victoria, $31.65 Wabasso, $20.00 Seaforth, $15.00 Waconia, $39.00 Wanda, $20.00 Clements, $23.80 Watertown, $12.00 Water ville, $8.00 Watkins, $65.00 Waverly, $41.50 West Newton, $33 10 White Bearj $5.00 Wilno, $28.25 WiUmar $5.00 Winsted, $75.72. POPE BLESSES STATUE GIFT OF GENOESE IS PLACED IN VATICAN GARDENS. On Wednesday, May 2, Pope Bene diet blessed, in the Vatican garden, the massive statue of the Madonna della Guardia which has been pre sented to him, as a distinguished fellow-citizen, by the Archbishop, clergy, and laity of Genoa. Accom panied by the members of his court, the Holy Father drove in full state through the spacious garden to the newly erected shrine that encloses the statue and formally accepted and blessed it, after which he expressed his thanks for the splendid gift and praised the Genoese for their con tinued devotion to their patron the Madonna. CARDINAL FARLEY RECOVERING AFTER UNDERGO ING A MINOR OPERATION. An operation was performed upon Cardinal Farley in New York last week. It was described as "a very slight one," and he was reported to be resting comfortably after it. The operating surgeon was Dr. Francis Cruger Edgerton. Monsignor Lavelle, Vicar-General of the Archdiocese of New York, said the Cardinal had been somewhat indisposed for several weeks. The nature of his illness was not disclosed. He is now making a speedy recovery. MAR0NITE PRIESTS THEY HOLD THEIR FIRST AN NUAL MEETING IN BUFFALO. The first annual meeting of the Association of Maronite priests of the United States was held in Buffalo last week, when fifteen of the entire twenty-seven were present. Those in attendance represented thirteen states. Letters were received from the absent stating they would accept all the rulings and decisions of the meeting. The following resolutions were dis cussed and accepted and will be made propaganda by Maronite priests: To erect schools in conjunction with the parish church to encourage and promote the work of making their countrymen in the United States in telligent, law-abiding and loyal citi zens of the country of their adoption or birth to aid in preserving the Maronite liturgy in accordance with the ordinance of the Holy See. The first Maronite church was opened in the United States twenty seven years ago. The largest Maron ite colony is in Detroit, Mich. Hibernians Will Raise Fund $500,000 TO BE USED FOR FAM ILIES OF MEMBERS IN WAR. At a meeting of the National Board of the Ancient Order of Hibernians in Washington last week, resolutions were adopted calling for an assess ment of $500,000 to be levied on the membership of the Order, for the pur pose of taking care of the families of the members who have enlisted for service in the war. The resolution says that the sum shall be paya'ble before September 1. A second motion calls upon all members whose means will permit to make voluntary subscriptions to in sure at least the raising of $1,000,000 for world peace. POLES CELEBRATE THEIR NATIONAL FESTIVAL IN THE CITY OF WARSAW IS RECALLED. Poland's national fete day was celebrated at Warsaw on May 3. The archbishop said Mass at the Cathedral, after which Polish troops paraded the streets, which were dec orated with flags and bunting. Prince Lubomirsky, the mayor of Warsaw, and others delivered patriotic ad dresses at the city hall. Solemn com memorative services were held for the Polish legions at the memorial cross on the citadel walls for the victims pf the insurrection in 1863. Mrs. Brady Gives Sisters $50,000 Mrs. Nicholas Brady of New York,* who built the Anthony Brady Memo rial Hall of the Catholic Sisters Col lege, Brookland, D. C., has shown her appreciation of the work of the 5,000 teaching Sisters in the schools of the United States, by presenting $50,000 as the beginning of a fund that will enable the college authorities to give free board and free tuition to the Sis ters attending the college, •.-Mr *Jf.8hfc i TF -FF I^IMT|~^TT1''-! III/MMM _HJI & ^JWPpE.^pi* tv®' A s s i i w- ST. PAUL, MINN., MAY 19, 1917 EXEMPTED FROM DRAFT CLERGYMEN AND DIVINITY STU DENTS NOT LIABLE TO CONSCRIPTION In the new army draft bill there were last week but three essential points of difference between the House and Senate: the age limit of conscripts, the Senate fixing it be tween the ages of 21 and 27 and the House 21 and 40 the Senate author ization for Colonel Roosevelt to raise four infantry divisions of volunteer troops for foreign service, and the Senate's provision as to prohibition, both of which the House at that time rejected. Among the exemptions from draft are ordained ministers and priests and students at divinity schools at the time of the approval of th's act. When the bill was up in the Senate, an amendment by Senator McCum ber, to strike out the exemption from draft of those whose relieion forbids military service was i t^ectcd, 54 -to 17^" ARCHBISHOP CARR DIED ARCHBISHOP OF MELBOURNE AND PRIMATE OF AUSTRALIA, DEAD. Most Rev. Thomas Carr, Archbish op of Melbourne, and Primate of Aus tralia, died on Sunday, May 6. He was born on May 12, 1839, in* the archdiocese of Tuam, Ireland. He was made bishop of the united Sees of Galway and Kilmacduagh, in Ire land, on June 12,1883. In 1886 he was promoted to the See of Melbourne. He is succeeded by his coadjutor, Archbishop Mannix, who was former ly president of Maynooth College, Ire land. The diocese of Melbourne dates from 1847. It has a Cathedral, dedi cated in 1897, that cost $1,150,000. Papers of Columbus Are Offered For Sale SPANISH GOVERNMENT MAY BUY DOCUMENTS, The Duke of Veragua, last descend ant of Columbus, has offered to the government his family archives, which include the original contract between Columbus and Ferdinand and Isabella. He asked a cash pay ment of $200,000 for these documents, although he has already been offered this sum for the Columbus contract alone by an American collector of Hispanic treasures. Changes of See Confirmed GRAND ISLAND TO REPLACE KEARNEY AS CENTER OF NEBRASKA DIOCESE. By a decree of the Sacred Consis torial Congregation Pope Benedict has granted the appeal made to him by Right Rev. James Albert Duffy, Bishop of Kearney, Nebraska, and supported by Most Rev. Archbishop Bonzano, Apostolic Delegate to the United States, to change the name of the diocese of Kearney to that of Grand Island, and to establish as the cathedral, with the rights and privi leges heretofore enjoyed by St. James' Church, Kearney, the Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, Grand Island. FIRST AID CLASSES ECCLESIASTICAL STUDENTS AT CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY PRE PARING FOR WAR FUTURE CHAPLAINS RECEIVE INSTRUC TIONS TO FIT THEM FOR BEST SERVICE. Post-graduate students in the eccle siastical school at the Catholic Uni versity, who will probably be called upon to act as chaplains when the United States forces are mobilized for war, have been organized into three first-aid classes, fitting them selves to give the largest possible measure of service on the battlefields. Very Rev. Edward A. Pace, of the University faculty, who is a member of the Intercollegiate Committee, or ganized in co-operation with the War Department, for courses of military training in colleges and universities of the country, in stating the purpose of the Catholic University said: "It is to the everlasting honor of the University of Oxford that there was not an able-bodied man left in that institution. We want it to be the proud boast of the Catholic Uni versity of America that every man is doing his best to serve the country." The new laboratories, presented to the University by Martin Maloney of Philadelphia, have been turned over to the government for research work in chemistry. A registration bureau has been organized to find out what every student is best fitted to do and to find, for him a place in government service. The first aid classes for the ecclesiastical students are the first of tl*e kind organized in this country.. President Wilson Writes Cardinal MR. WILSON APPRECIATES THE RESOLUTIONS OF ARCH BISHOPS. The White House, 27 April 1917. Washington. My dear Cardinal Gibbons: The demands on my time incident to the arrival and entertainment of the foreign commissions now in Washington have delayed my reply ing to your gracious letter of April nineteenth. I am sure you will under stand, and I beg that you will pardon the delay. The very remarkable resolutions unanimously adopted by the Arch bishops of the United States at their annual meeting in the Catholic Uni versity on April eighteenth last, a copy of which you were kind enough to send me, warms my heart and makes mo very proud in leed (hat men of such large influence should act in so large a sense of patriotism and so admirable a spirit of devo tion to our common country. Cordially and sincerely yours, (Signed) WOODROW WILSON. .His Eminence, J. Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore, Maryland. SISTER MARY AMBROSE FORMER SECRETARY GENERAL OF SISTERS OF PROVIDENCE PASSES AWAY. Pupils of St. Mary's of the Woods, the country over, will sorrow over the death, on Monday, of Sister Mary Ambrose, aged eighty-six years, and for many years secretary general of the Sisters of Providence of St. Mary's Of the Woods. She was one of the Chief executives in the construction of the magnificent new buil'dings at the St. Mary's Motherhouse. Her death was due to the infirmities of age, she being confined to her room for a year, and had retired from active service fourteen years ago. During the Civil War she had charge, at Indianapolis, of the Union Hospital for the soldiers and endeared herself to hundreds of the boys in blue con fined there. She was a native of P^ru, Ind., and with another sister joined the Sisters of Providence nearly seventy years ago. Delegate to Australia ARCHBISHOP CERRETTI TO RE TURN TO ROME. Archbishop Cerretti, Apostolic Delegate to Australia, has been re called to Rome to replace Monsignor Pacelli as secretary of the Sacred Congregation for Extraordinary Ec clesiastical Affairs. He was formerly auditor of the Apostolic Delegation at Washington, D. C., and owing to his years of varied experience he will be a valuable acquisition?#) the Papal Secretariate of State. Chile Honors Papal Nuncio MGR. NICOTRA IS GIVEN GRAND EXCEPTION ON ARRIVAL AT SANTIAGO. A newspaper of Santiago, Chile, "El Immaeulado Corkzon de Maria,*' re ports that a grand reception was given to Mgr. Sebastian Nicotra, the first Papal Nuncio to Chile, on his arrival in that country. A delegation of civil and ecclesiastical officials met him at Ix)s Andes, on the border between Argentine and Chile, and accompanied him to Santiago, where, although the party arrived at night, a large crowd of men was assembled. On the follow ing day the nuncio was received by the president of the republic. Mgr. Nicotra was greeted as the "Ambassa dor of the Pope-King." CARDINAL GIBBONS HE WA! HOFCT TO MEMBERS OF TH£ BRITISH COM MISSION jO%rvMay 5 Cardinal Gibbons ettter tattecf at luncheon, at his residence in Baltimore, in honor of Sir Eric Drum mond and C. J. F. Dormer, members of the British Commission to the United States, who motored over from •Washington and returned to the capi tal in the afternoon. The British en voys, both of whom are Catholics, went to Baltimore to pay their re spects to the Cardinal. They also represented Arthur James Balfour, head of the British mission, who sent a message of greeting and his regrets at being unable to be present. There was no formal discussion of any mat ter during the visit, which lasted nearly three hours, but the subject of home rule for Ireland, the Cardi nal said, was informally discussed. Most of the conversation wjis devoted to_iei'sonal he added, HIS HOLINESS INVOKES DIVINE HELP FOR A "JUST PEACE"— MONTH OF THE SACRED HEART IS SET ASIDE FOR UNIVERSAL PRAYER TO THAT END—AP I PEAL MADE TO PEOPLES THEM SELVES IN WARRING NATIONS. Pope Benedict, in a letter which is addressed to Cardinal Gasparri, the Papal secretary of state, refers to a letter which he wrote in 1915 in which he said: "Prepare the minds of everyone for the reception of an invi tation for peace, which we propose to address to the belligerents on the first anniversary of the outbreak of the war," and adds: "We indicated then to the peoples a unique method of composing their dif ferences with honor and on a basis of durable international peace. We conjured them then in the name of God and humanity to abandon their projects of mutual destruction and come to a just and equitable accord, but the voice which called for the cessation of the frightful conflict re mained without an echo. "The sombre tide of overflowing hatred between the belligerents seems to rise and the war is enveloping other countries in a frightful whirl wind, multiplying the ruins and mas sacres. "Still, our confidence is not weak ened and we hope that the day is no longer far distant when all men, sons of the same Celestial Father, will begin again to consider each other as brothers. The suffering of the peo ples has become almost insupport able and is rendered more intense by the general desire of peace. May the Divine Redeemer, with infinite good ness of heart that counsels gentle ness, prevail also in the minds of the governments and that, conscious of their responsibility before God and ARCHBISHOP IRELAND. The "World," of New York has pub lished letters from several public men on the question of Home Rule for Ire land, from the viewpoint of America in the present war, which has made this country an ally of the British Em pire. Among the letters is one from Archbishop Ireland, which "The Cath olic Bulletin" now gives to its readers: The Archbishop's Letter. Today America is the ally of the British Empire in one of the fiercest and most meaningful wars ever known in the history of the human race. Necessarily America takes deep con cern in conditions of the British Em pire bearing upon the conduct and the outcome of this fearful conflict. Vic tory for the British Empire is victory for America. Defeat for the Empire is defeat for America. The two na tions stand or fall together, with con sequences for weal or woe to both that stagger the mind in the effort to grasp the hugeness of the possibilities of the one hypothesis or the other. America, for her own sake, for the sake of the British Empire, asks that Home Rule be given without further delay to Ireland. No one knowing the mind of America can mistake in this regard its wish and voice no one can mistake the serious preoccupation in which it holds itself lest the re fusal of Home Rule to Ireland be fur ther continued. The need of the hour to the British Empire for its strength in the vigorous prosecution of the war is internal peace and unity of forces into oneness of life and effort. As things arc, a valuable part of the Empire is aloof from the great struggle. The men of Ireland are needed to lend aid and comfort to its army and navy. The men of Ireland should be so treated so that they will spring forward as one man in hasten ing alacrity to the battlefields, over which hover such terrifying possibil ities. i Ireland's bravery is not doubted. Let it be launched forth in its most daring impetuosity into the fray to bear aloft in victory, across every peril, the banner of St. George. With joyouSness that words cannot tell would America applaud such a "blessed achievement. America would see in it new strength fOr the British Empire, new strength,1 too, for her own self, inasmuch as the -deep sym pathy for Ireland vibrating* in the hearts of millions of her people would be brightened into burning glow of satisfaction that America is now the ally of an empire rising to the heights of whole-souled generosity in award ing to Ireland its coveted dream of centuries. And then with Ireland peaceful aad happy there is consistency in the pleas under which the British Empire and America are waging war. Those ideals' are popular freedom, guardianship of smaller nations, re spect and reverence for aspirations that neither time nor human power can smother and kill. The Allied na tions inscribe those ideals in their proclamations and unsheathe their swords to encourage and guard them. MINNESOTA HISTOPICAL SOOicTY THE POPE URGES PEACE I I S O E U E Number 20 humanity, they may resist »o longer, the voice of the people invoking peace." Message to All the World. The Pope ordains, in order that "the prayers of the unfortunate hu man family may rise more frequently and humbly to Jesus," that the Car dinal make known to all the Bishops of the world his ardent desire that appeal be had to the Blessed Virgin, and that from June 1 there be defi nitely introduced into the litany of the Blessed Virgin, the invocation: "Regina Pacis, Ora pro Nobis Queen of Peace, Pray for Us. The letter ends with a call that "pious and devoted invocations rise from all corners of the earth, from the humblest huts to the most sump tuous palaces, to obtain for the up heaved world, the desired peace." The unexpected letter of the Pope to Cardinal Gasparri, ordering worldj wide prayers for peace next June, Is especially significant as affording proof that the Pope is still convinced that peace is possible only through a. mutual understanding among the bel ligerents, reached by direct negotia tions as suggested by himself in 1915. Though the Pope's appeal wai unheeded, he has not lost hope that peace is near now. The Pope bases such -a hope on the belief that the suf ferings of their people are bound t: influence the governments. This Is not the first time Pope Benedict had asked for peace prayers, but it is the first time he has addressed his plea, to the people themselves. Previous Vatican appeals have been general. The Pope's appeal is of particular interest just now, owing to the situa tion in Austria-Hungary. The dual monarchy is the greatest of the Cath olic nations. Reports have been per sistent recently that Emperor Carl is facing an overwhelming sentiment among his people for .ending of the war. Meanwhile, what can be said in response to the taunts of enemy sov ereignties who ask why Ireland $i still the victim of the oppression of ages, still the complainant that her imperishable yearnings for the sun shine of democracy upon her field® are unheard, unsatisfied? One act of* supreme generosity on the part of tho British Parliament will give to Ire land peace and joyousness and tie her in gratitude to the hopes and desti nies of the Empire. Why not at once speak for that act? There is, it is said, one obstacle— the unwillingness of a portion of tho population of Ulster to trust the vast majority of the population of Ireland. But guarantees have been given that rights shall be safeguarded, that per ils of local liberty shall find no room under the operations of the act grant ing Home Rule. Guarantees to this end the majority do not refuse. Perils that are feareil find no foundation in the words or the doings of the majority. Is it logical that a minority, however compara tively small, should overrule the ma jority, however comparatively large? In this hypothesis there never will bo possible in any land a plan of homo rule or a regime of unsullied democ racy. There should be no divided Ireland. Ireland exists in its entirety or does not at all exist. Some day the gaping sore of a dissatisfied Ireland will bo, healed. Home Rule will be granted. Why not grant it today when the neqd of heartfelt co-operation between the population of Ireland and that of Eng land is a crying need, when the gilt of Home Rule would be so graciotra as to win to itself enduring gratitude? This is what Americans wish for this is what Americans feel. They themselves similarly situated wouMt gladly do what today they ask the English Parliament to do. Church of Holy Sepulchre PILGRIMAGE TO THE SHRINES OF PALESTINE. The unique Church of the Holy Sepulchre, which is situated ia, Brookland, Washington, D. C., and noted for its Biblical scenes anL places, has become one of the great attractions that bring so many thou sands of visitors to the Capitol City., To this beautiful church which is built in the shape of a five-fold cross, being the coat-of-arms of the Latin King* dom of Jerusalem, the Knights of Mount St. Sepulchre conducted a party of about 500 pilgrims on Satsw day, May 12. All nationalities wort welcome to join in the pilgrimage. ARMY CHAPLAINS Eight priests of the diocese of Cin^ cinnati have asked permission to be come military chaplains. Their re quest has been granted. Right Rev erend Bishop Lillis, of Kansas City, has made it known that "any prieat of his Diocese may join the Army become chaplain,"