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O^CPf|w NEW WORLD ITEMS Church Is Moved. —St. Francis Church, Chicago, weighing S.000 tons?, and its 185 foot tower, weighing 1,S00 tons, are being moved back to a new street line. ii Oldest Ohio Priest Dead—The old est priest in Ohio, Father Joseph Mer tian, died near Portsmouth last week at the age of 87 years. He was or dained 64 years ago. Georgetown School Transferred. The preparatory school of George town, D. (3., on the grounds of the Georgetown University, will be trans ferred in September to Montgomery County, Md„ where a tract of 90 acres has been secured for it. Four Hundred Churches in New York.—The dioceses of New York and Brooklyn, which practically constitute New York city, contain 2,000,000 Cath olics, over 1,600 priests, 400 churches, 300 schools, and 107,000 Catholic chil dren. 11 Catholic Charities.—The sixth an nual Conference of the Catholic Chari ties of the Archdiocese of St. Louis took place last Sunday, the Most Kev. Archbishop Glennon, presiding. The disbursements of last year aggre gate $56 i,9US.39. This sum does not include the outlay for new buildings, repairs, etc., nor the cost of maintain ing parish schools, which would total $7S0,000 more. Laurier for Home Rule.-—The Cana dian Parliament is debating the ques tion of Home Rule for Ireland. Sir Wilfrid Laurier, leader of the Liberals, and formerly Premier for many years, has introduced a resolution calling upon England "without further delay to confer upon Ireland the free insti tutions long promised her." Irish Movement.—That the msh Catholics of the Northwest are active in the interests of the Irish History movement is shown by the fact that in the City of Duluth, Minnesota, there are three enthusiastic clubs formed for the purpose of studying Irish His lory. Art, Literature, Music and In dustries. These clubs are formed in connection with the Ladies' Auxiliary of the A. O. H., and owe a great meas ure of their success to the encourage ment given them by Rt. Rev. James McGolrick, D.D., Bishop of Duluth. Irish Catholics First.—An Irish American girl was the first female re cruit in the United States navy, and another, Miss Margaret M. A. Dona hue, of Boston, has the honor of being the first person of her sex to get a first-class commercial radio operator's license. She is ready to accept duty in any branch of the service. Progressive Diocese.—For the Dio cese of Cleveland, JJ., next year, the following improvements are projected: Addition to St. Alexius Hospital, $125, 000 Sacred Heart Mary Church, $120,000 St. John Nepotmicene Church. $100,000 St. Casimir Church, $150,000 St. Stanislaus rectory, $40, 000 Bast Liverpool Church, $24,000. Polyglot Seminary.—The San Antfn in (Texas) Theological Seminary, con ducted by the Oblate Fathers, houses many races within its walls. The 11 Fathers forming the* faculty, "hail from" the United States, Canada, France, Germany, and Spain. The 19 scholastics are American, Cana dian, Mexican, Irish, Spanish and French. The four lay brothers are natives of France, Canada, Holland and Spain. The 38 juniors embrace six nationalities: American, Irish, Canadian, (Hrrnaii, Polish and Hun garian. A Catholic Regiment.—An artillery regiment composed of twelve hundred Kansas Citians, over three-fourths of whom are Catholics, has been organiz ed and offered to the war department and also to State Adjutant Gen. Ar thur B. Donnelly. Work of Archbishop.—During his Archiepiscopate of eleven years, the late Archbishop Blenlt of New Orleans presided over many Archdiocesan im provements, such as the Ursuline Col lege, costing $400,000 Mater Dolorosa Church, $100,000 Holy Name Church at Algiers, $150,000 St. Francis Church, $60,000 Loyqla University, $400,000 St. Joseph's Seminary, $150, 000 Annex to Hotel Dieu, $200,000, and Incurable Home, $50,000. Catholics First.—It Is a noteworthy fact that the Catholic Church was rep resented in America officially before Protestantism was begun by Luther in 3 "17. There were twelve priests with Christopher Columbus on his second voyage in 1501. The diocese o# San Domihgo was erected in 1512. In 1502 a priest emigrated with Cabot from England to administer to English set tlers. French priests came with Car tier in Jo34. Catholic Christens New Dread naught.—The great new American dreadnaught, New Mexico, launched last week in the New York navy yard, was christened by a Catholic, Miss Margaret C. De Baca, daughter of the late Governor De Baca of New Mexico, who died a short time ago. He had boon a devout member of the Church. The crew of the New Mex ico will La composed of 1,056 officers and men. iX 5 Chaplain Fitzgerald.—UnW-ed States War Prison Barracks have been estab lished at Fort McPherson, Ga., Fort Oglethorpe, Ga., and Fort Douglas, Utah, and Rev. Edward Hr Fitzgerald, jp.D., Ch§p!ain, V. 'S. Anny* retired, bishop of Algiers, 7% !|TH3andQ^ERUP| has been assigned to duty at the last named post. No chaplain of any de nomination ever served his country with a better record to his credit than Father Fitzgerald, whose work with the sick and wounded during the San tiago campaign, and whose gallantry in action are matters of record on the official files of the War Department Mexican Bishops Protest. Five Mexican Archbishops and nine Bish ops have issued a protest against the new Constitution of the United States of Mexico, proclaimed last February. In it they say the new Constitution attacks the most sacred rights of the Catholic Church that it proclaims principles opposed to the truth tauglit by Christ. Parochial Schools.—As a result of daily visits to each and every paro chial school in Philadelphia, pupils are safeguarded from the spread of con tagious disease, infirmities are detect ed almost at their very beginning and defects are corrected which otherwise might retard the mental or physical development of the children, is the statement made by Henry A. Strecker, M. D., assistant chief medical inspec tor of the City Bureau of Health Splendid as has been the beneficial ef fect obtained, Dr. Strecker declares the success of the medical inspection has been due in a great measure to the co-operation of the diocesan au thorities and of the various pastors and Sisters and Brothers teaching in the schools. War Closes a College.—Rev. Her bert Heageny, president of Little Rock College, Ark., announced the college will close next Monday as forty-two students and three members of the faculty have enlisted in the army or navy and only fifteen students remain in the college department, making it unprofitable to continue the term long er. The college is maintained by the Church. There were 110 students in Little Rock Diocese of the Catholic the school at the beginning of the fall semester. Newspaper Men's Church is Cele brating.—The celebration of the Dia mond Jubilee of "The Little Church of Newspaper Row," St. Andrew's Catholic Church, at Duane street and City Hall Place, New York City, be gan Sunday morning with a Solemn Pontifical Mass, Avith Bishop Hayes as celebrant. It will continue every day this week, and there will bo a reunion of parishioners and friends following the noonday Mass next Saturday. The seventeenth anniversary of the found ing of the printers' and night workers Mass witl also lie observed Orphaned and Aged.—Contest over the will of the late Ann Mclntyre of Grand Rapids, Micli., ended last week when Judge Perkins in the circuit court issued au order confirming the original will. The matter was re ferred to probate court, where the in strument will go through the usual process of probate. The estate is val ued at $300,000, all but $20,000 of which is to be equally divided between the St. John's Orphan asylum and the Home for the Aged of the Little Sis ters of the Poor. Twentieth Anniversary Celebrated. Washington Council, Knights of Co lumbus, last week celebrated the 20th anniversary of its institution, with elaborate ceremonies. This council marked the foundation of this great organization in the national capital, and it numbers on its rolls, some of the most prominent men in Washing ton. It has a membership of 900, and its chaplain is the Rev. Dr. Peter Guilday of the Catholic University, the noted writer and lecturer. ReV. A. V. Garthoeffner.—"The Church Progress" chronicles the death of the Rev. A. V. Garthoeffner, diocesan superintendent of parish schools of St. Louis. "The schools," says "The Church Progress," "were the life work of Father Garthoeffner, and their efficiency and the splendid standard of their grades tell eloquent ly how well his work was done. The Catholic high schools for boys and girls are his founding and will remain his monument. Without a dime in hand, against discouragement and op position and evil prophecy, he set the Catholic high school movement on foot. With only five years of effort given in behalf of these schools, they count more than four hundred pupils, and put forth such character of work as to merit articulation with the State University and the Catholic Univer sity of America." Dual Anniversaefas Celebrated on May 8.—Tuesday, May 8, the Ca thedral of Hartford, Conn., celebrated the 25th anniversary of its consecra tion. Bishop Shahan of the Catholic University, preached. The day was also the 7th anniversary of the consecra tion of Bishop, Nilan, of that diocese. He celebrated the Solemn Pontifical Mass. The Cathedral of Hartford, a cruciform edifice, is one of the hand somest and largest Cathedrals in this country. The grounds occupied by it measure 401x400 feet. The diocese of Hartford, Conn., ranks as one of the largest in the United States. It has a Catholic population of about 509,000 souls, 410 priests and 241 churches. Hartford's Catholic week ly paper, the Transcript, also ranks among the veVy ablest and best in the country. OLD WORLD NEWS African Function.—The Primate of Africa and five Bishops of Northern Africa attended the episcopal conse cration of Mgr. Leynaud as Arch- Egyptian Catholics: In Egypt there pre about 30,000 Catholics. Patron, St. George.—St. George, Mar tyr, is the patron of the Russian army. Catholics in Glasgow.—The popula tion of Glasgow, Scotland, was, five years ago, 784,000. in the Catholic Diocese of Glasgow there were 400, 000. Belgian Deportee®.—Cardinal Mer cier in a letter to Cardinal Amette, of Paris, says that the Belgian deportees number at least 60,000. The Belgians, he declares, have unshakable faith in the future. Humble Cardinal. Cardinal Fal conio was an humble Franciscan. After his death his body was clothed in the lowly garb of St. Francis, which, even as Bishop, Apostolic Delegate and Car dinal, he always wore in private. It now rests in the Campo Santo in Rome. Lithuanian Sufferings.—Rev. Father Olsewski, who has been in Rome rep resenting Monsignor Karevic, Bishop of Samogizia—«the central see of Lith uania—has had an opportunity of. tell ing the Holy Father of the terrible suf ferings of the people of Lithuania through the war. Paschal Duty in Rome.—The Holy Father celebrated Mass in the Chapel of the Sala Matilda on April 2, and gave Holy Communion to the lay dig nitaries of'the Roman Court in fulfil ment of the Paschal precept. This class includes the Corps of the Noble Guards. Jesuit Restrictions.—News lia/s been received at the Vatican confirming the report that the Federal Council of Ger many has abrogated the laws placing restrictions upon members of the Jes uit order in the Empire. Bishop O'Dwyer.—Bishop O'Dwyer has written to the Limerick (Ireland) "Press," protesting against a Sunday concert, and saying that "people have six days in the week for things of this kind, and ought to leave to God's serv ice the one day that is consecrated to it." 1,360 Churches Ruined.—The "Echo de Paris" has received a telegram from Rome stating that, according to statistics obtained from an authentic source, the number of churches de stroyed by the Germans and their al lies since the commencement of the present war was 1,360. The greater number of these churches liavo been abandoned. Catholic Hospitals.—Fabiola estab lished the first hospital in Rome and the West, says St. Jerome. In the fif teenth century Rome had 30 hospitals. The Hospital of the Holy Ghost, in Rome, built about the year 1200, had a room or ward 409 feet by 40 feet wide. The Grand Hospital of Milan was opened in 1456 and is still used, caring for more than £,000 patients. Its ceilings are from 30 to 40 feet high its wards were spacious corri dors. When Scotland was Catholic be fore the "Reformation," she had 77 hospitals. Decline in Irish Emigration.—Ac cording to emigration statistics the exodus from Ireland shows a steady decline. Official returns for 1916 just made public are: 10,650 in 1915, 20, 134 in 1914 and 30,967 in 1913. Only "*4,207 went to the United States, or 3,474 less than the previous year. Formerly prepaid passages made up the bulk of emigration to this country. Last year they numbered only 511. The emigration from Ulster is still the highest of the four provinces and amounted to 2,733 in 1916. Miss Beecham, Convert.—Miss Emily Beecham, the eldest daughter of Lady Josephine Beecham (widow of the late Sir Joseph Beecham, originator of the famous pills, and the eldest sister of Sir Thomas Beecham, the well known conductor), was received into the Catholic Church on the 15th of Febru Carmelite Church, Kensington, Eng land, the Rev. John Lambkin, O. D. C., receiving the convert. Mjss Beecham, prior to her conversion, was an Ang lican. Noted Author Dead.—The death took place at Bray, Ireland, on April 17 of Miss Jane Barlow, whose Irish character stories, sketches, and poems for many years delighted Irish read ers, as well as those of other coun tries. Her first appearance in the field of literature was made as far back as 1882, and among her publications since that day may be included "Bogland Studies," and "Irish Idylls," "Kerri gan's Quality," "The End of Elfin town," "Maureen's Fairing," "Strang ers at Lisconnel," "Mrs. Martin's Com pany," "A Creel of Irish Stories," "From the Land of the Shamrock," "Ghost-Bereft," and "The Founding of Fortunes." Easter ait the Front.—A young Irish officer, writing home from "Some where in France," under date Easter Sunday, 1917, speaking of his part of the line, says: "Last night there were thousands of men at Confession, and the chapel at all the numerous Masses was paved with khaki. The air is full of content and sanctity, and, save for the old snarl and grumble of our 'heavies,' peace and sunshine reign nu preme. I trust that the Easter of all at home will be as holy and happy as I see here now. Next Easter promises a reunion for all the exiles here, and chastened by three years of hardship and danger, I have no doubt it will be a most joyful one." Makes Retreat at Caldey.—The Duchess of Norfolk gave a very direct rebuke to those Catholics who have been recently engaged in abusing the Benedictines of Caldey Island. Her Grace, with all her children, retired to the guest house of Caldey for her Eas ter retreat, and spent some days on the island, attending the public services in the Monastery. Caldey lies off the Welsh coast in the Bristol Chan ,jlnel and is particularly forsaken dur THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, MAY 19, 1917 ing he wild weather experienced each spring, so that the Duchess, for more reasons than one, was a welcome vis itor to the community. Ordered to Protect Shrines in Holy Land.—Through Church sources it has been learned from London that the British Government has given strict orders to General Sir Archibald Mur ray, in command of the armies now fighting in Palestine, on no account to injure any of the Holy Places, or in any way interfere with any of the Shrines. In the case of Jerusalem, which may be captured if the Allies' plans succeed, Sir Archibald has been enjoined to take particular care against injury of all kinds. The Chris tian shrines in the Holy Land are in charge of Franciscan friars. Spanish Basilica of St. Tereeau—By the will of a noble Spanish lady re cently deceased, the Marchioness de la Coquilla, an impetus is given to the great work of the Votive Basilica of Santa Teresa which is being erected at Alba de Tormes, close to Salaman ca, Spain. She has left the residue of her fortune to this national work, the committee for which is headed by the royal family. The sale of the Coquilla palace, at Madrid, has realized some $37,500, and this will aid the erection of the votive church, into which ulti mately the body of Santa Teresa will be transferred. Already several mil lion pesetas have been spent on the shell of the church, and the *roof is not yet upon it. At present the incor rupt body of the saint reposes in the old church in which she once wor shipped. Irish Education's Just Claims.—At a meeting of the Standing Committee of the Irish Bishops the following im portant resolution was passed: We request the Irish members of Parliament to insist on the just claims of Ireland to a grant which shall be equivalent, in proportion to the population, to any grant which may be made for educational pur poses in England, and to see that the full amount of the Irish grant be allocated to educational pur poses. It is announced that the Irish Parlia mentary Party have decided to press vigorously on the Government the ne cessity for recognizing the equity of the claim so well presented by the bishops. SOMEBODY'S MOTHER The woman was old, ad ragged and gray, And bent with the chill of a .winter's day The streets w§re white with a recent snow, And the woman's feet with age were slow. At the crowded crossing she waited long, Jostled aside by the careless throng Of human beings who .passed her by, Unheeding the glance of her anxious eye. Down the street with laughter and shout, Glad in the freedom of "school let out," Came happy boys, like a flock of sheep, Hailing the snow piled white and deep. Past the woman, so old and gray, Hastened the children on their way. None offered a helping hand to her, So weak and timid, afraid to stir, Lest the carriage wheels or the horses' feet Should trample her down in the slip pery street. \t last came out of the merry troop The gayest boy of all the group He paused beside her, and whispered low, "I'll help you across, if you wish to go." Her aged hand on his strong young arm She placed, .and so, without hurt or harm, He guided the trembling feet along, Proud that his own were young and strong. Then back again to bis friends he went, His young heart happy and well con tent. "She's somebody's mother, boys, you know, Although she's aged, and poor, and slow: And someone, sometiK :, may lend a hand* To help my mother—you understand'' If ever she's poor, and old, and gray And her own dear boy so far away." "Somebody's mother" bowed her hea i i In her home that night, and the pray er she said 1 Was: "God be kind to that noble bo i Who is somebody's son, and pride, and joy." Faint was the voice, and worn weak, and But Heaven lists when its chosen speak Angels caught the faltering word, And "somebody's mother's" prayer was heard. VIZ HEN you place an W Oculist's prescrip tion in our hands you can depend on the accuracy of the work. Our workmanship is setting a new high stand ard in this city. ORTfWRfWCLLlflnj TiieOptiCdl Shop 57 East Fifth Strwt Near Frederic Hotel THE so I.IT AIRE Diamond Ring $15 up. This Beautiful Bracelet Watch $10.00 ,Gold Filled Small Stze TBI DIAMOND IMPORTER 2S East Sixth street ST. 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