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QUESTION S-' Who are "the Brethren"? In different passages of tlie New Testament we iind mention made of u class of disciples of the Lord dis tinct from the Apostles and from the disciples in general, referred to as "the brethren of the Lord,'' "his brethren," of whom four are men tioned by name, James, Joseph, Simon and Judo. In Mat. XII, -1'.! "as he was yet speaking to the multitude behold his mother and his brethren stood without seeking to speak to him Kill, 55-6, "Is not His mother called Mary, and His brethren James and Joseph and Simon and Jude and his sisters are they not with us?" In Jno. II, XII. "After this he went down to Capliarnaum, ho and his mother and his brothers and his disciples." In Acts I, 14, "All these were persever ing with one mind in prayer with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus and with his brethren." These "breth ren"' were relatives of Christ, cousins probably, or more distantly related to him. The more common opinion is that they were children of Mary the wife of Cleophas, who was a sister of Mary, the mother of Jesus and spouse of Joseph. The term "brethren" was commonly applied even to distant rela tives according to a custom among the Hebrews, as is evidenced from such texts as Gen. XIII, 8: Lev. X, 4, etc. We know of course that the Blessed Virgin had no child but. Christ. This for Catholics is a matter of faith, and is founded on the teaching olj the Gos pel. Two of the four "brethren" of the Lord who are mentioned by name, we know were not brothers of Christ in the present use of the word. If these two were not his brothers, neither were the others, who are all put in one class. James is the son of Alphcus or Cleophas, these two names being traced to one in the original Aramaic language, as may be seen from Mat. X, 'A. Again in Jno. XIX, "5, we read, "Now there stood by the cross Jesus, i.- mother and his moth' ister, '.n of Cleophas and Magdalene, in Mat. XXVII, 5l», V, there were there (at the cross) among whom was Mary Magda lene, and Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and the mother of the cons of Zebedee." From these two texts wc have evidence that the same Mary is mother of-.lames and Joseph, the wife of Cleophas and "his (Jesus) mother's sister." This would make the "brethren" of Christ actually his cousins that i children of his mother's sister. have n Rosary tnrrJc isp of six beads near the cross and on the rest of the chain a medal after every group of three beads. How am I to say these bead .' Th bead.- may have attached to them the indulgences of the Stations of the Cross, which may be gained by those who are prevented from making tlie Stations in the church, by some such excuse as sickncss, imprison ment, traveling on the ocean, etc., pro vided they say a "Hail Mary" for each of the beads. Vc-y ciiange the cross fastened to my Rosary without the beads losing the indulgences that have been at tached to them? I wish to replace the present metni cross with a larger wooden one. The indulgences attached to a Ros are attached to the beads, not to ross consequently, the cross may hanged without the beads losing indulgences that they possess. Tin crucifix, when it is at least partly composed of wood, may carry other in dulgences distinct from the Rosary in dulgences, for instance, a plenary in dulgence at the time of death. Please explain the different indul gences attached to a Rosary. i te more net able indulgences that i be attached to the Rosary are the following: To those who say the Rosary once a week a plenary indulgence on the great festivals of the year, Christmas, Kpiphany, Easter, Ascension Day, Pen tecost, Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary and of St. John the Baptist, the festivals of the Apostles and several other great festival days of the year. An indulgence of five years and five quarantine., for live decades of the Rosary. Plenary, on the last Sunday of every month, to all who are in the habit of saying with others, at least three times a week, five decades. One hundred years and one hundred quarantines, once a day to all associ ates of the confraternity of the Holy Rosary who devotedly carry a Rosary about with them. Plenary to all a'-sociates who say the fifteen mysteries in the course of the natural day. Five hundred days for each Our Father and Ilail Mary. Please explain the meaning of the name Maureen. Maureen, or Mauricnne, is the name of a diocese in France, suffragan to Chambery. It became famous through a relic of St. John the Baptist that a woman named Thecla brought from the East in the early part of the sixth century. The relic soon became the center of general devotion, people flocking to the shrine from all parts of the neighboring country. As the name of a person it implies the pro tection of St. John the Baptist. What does the, Blessed Palm sig nify? The Talm that is blessed in the church on the first day of Holy Week commemorates the triumphal entry of Our Lord into Jerusalem when He was welcomed by the people as^tlieir King. Wv vv y? .... [[ANDjl^lg I* this department, questions of general Interest In regard to religion answered each week In tlie order in which they are received. All communi cations must be signed, though the name will not be published. Address: "Question and Answer," care The Catholic Bulletin, 315 Newton Bldg., St. Paul. ANSWER, v.v\7 ?5K3L. ttIH be To express their joy they cut palm branches from the trees and waved them in the air, while they sang to Him, "Hosanna to the Son of David, blessed is He that cometh in the name of the Lord." What is the meaning of the letters "I. N. R. I.?" These letters are always found at tached to a crucifix, placed over the head of the figure of Christ. They are the initial letters of the words that Pilate wrote and had fastened to the cross of Christ, namely, "Jesus of Naz arus, King (Rex) of the Jews." A FABLE WHAT HAPPENED WHEN THE FLOCK WAS REMISS IN ITS DUTY. The young pastor was among those who Knew That Many of His Flock Were Not Doing Their Duty to the Collection Basket. Some of his parishioners had ford cars. Gas is twenty-seven now. Some Owned Their Own Homes— or nearly owned them. It is Terrible how Taxos are In creasing. Some had Sons At College. The Bills Those Boys Run Up! Some had Marriageable Daughters. It Costs Something to Keep Girls Well Dressed These Days. Some were retailers. The Wholesaler Gets All The Profit these days. Some were wholesalers. The Retailer is Responsible for the High-Cost-of-Living. Some were brokers. Sherman Was Right: especially if you happen to be on the Wrong Side of the Market. Everybody Had An Alibi. And like so many alibis— But the pastor had his Coal Bills to Meet and Repairs Were Needed and School Supplies were Mounting in Price the teachers were Asking (and they deserved it) A Raise everything was Going Up, except the collection. Something Had To Be Done. The Pastor Knew Human Nature. But He Did Not Like to Try It. So He Waited a Few More Weeks. But Conditions Did Not Improve. The Announcement the following Sunday of the coming, next week, of the Regular Special Steenth Sunday Collection was received with the Usu al Sang Froid by the congregation. They Should Worry! And then next week arrived. The Ushers did not Take Up the Collection. The Pastor himself Attacked the Stone Wall. From each succeeding trench The Bills and Silver tumbled into the basket. The nickel and the dime and the cent were Hastily Put Back into the pocket and the purse. They came Across. Even Though it Hurt. For under some circumstances it Is Different. MORAL: Who giveth to The Lord pleaseth The Lord and His Pastor and Who giveth to His Pastor Saveth His Face. —Exchange. CHURCHES AND THE WAR VARIOUS DENOMINATIONS ARE ACTIVE IN PROVIDING FOR SPIRITUAL NEEDS OF SOLDIERS —CHAPLAINS FOR CATHOLICS, PROTESTANTS AND JEWS. Catholics and Protestants have together taken in hand the welfare of the soldiers and begun to provide re ligious service for them, says the "Literary Digest." Officers of the Federal Council of Churches and rep resentatives of the Catholic arch bishops are laying plans in connec tion with the government looking toward religious and moral work for enlisted men of the Army and Navy. The Boston "Transcript" points out that the arrangements will be wholly without sectarian bias, saying further: "The council officers state that they havp definite plans to be modified to some extent according to the govern ment's movements of armies and battle-ships. More definite details can not yet be made public. They desire, however, that the people should know that they are assum ing their responsibility in this crisis, and will make public announcement of details as early as possible. They say also that they will cooperate at all points with all agencies, but that the churches themselves have a defi nite task in this connection, and only churches must perform it. Just be fore starting for Washington the head of the Federal Council of Churches, and his new assistant, the Rev. Charles S. Macfarland and the Rev. W. M. Tippy, respectively, stated that the recent increase in the number of government chaplains needed on other grounds has been amply justi fied in the present outcome. It is found, they say, that the government is far better equipped to deal with and enlist spiritual work for enlisted men than it was at the entry of any other war. This preparedness is due in large measure to the planning and the co-operation of the chaplains, and to improved relations between Protes tants and Catholics. In the p'ans now making full co-operatiOn is to be had, it is stated, with the Jews, in order to care for Jewish enlisted men." t, r. CARDINAL GIBBONS RECALLS STRUGGLE OF LABOR FOR RECOGNITION OF HOLY SEE- CHURCH HAD BEEN VAINLY E S S E O O N E N KNIGHTS OF LABOR. Writing in the April Dublin Review Cardinal Gibbons says: The next great event in which it pleased Al mighty God to give me a part was the triumphant struggle of the Labor organizations to be recognized as lawful by the Holy See. Ever since the Reformation the relations of Capital and Labor had become more and more contrary to the principles of the Gospel. I have said somewhere else that in the sixteenth century practically all Englishmen owned their own homes and now that sup port and buttress is wanting to all but about one-tenth of the population. And what is true of real property is equally true of the means of produc tion. Machinery had gradually low ered the workman to the status al most of a slave and it was believed in the seventies and eighties of the last century that the rights of Capital were so sacred that no aid could be given to the people in assert ing their rights without the danger of bringing about the Red Revolution. The excess of Capitalists on one hand had brought about equal ex cesses of Socialism on the other— excesses which would be likewise destructive of human liberty and hu man happiness. For the Socialist State is nothing and can be nothing else than universal slavery, and it is for this reason that the Church has strenuously opposed it She has ever been the protector of free institu tions and as she changed the abso lute monarchies of the old Roman Empire, and indeed the later mon archies of the Middle Ages, as she THE HISTORY OF MEXICO WAR WAS MEANS OF AZTEC SUB SISTENCE—RECKLESS SLAUGH TER OF HUMAN VICTIMS—FALSE NOTIONS OF MEXICAN "LIBRA RIES." (By Eber Cole Byam) PART III. Human Sacrifice and Cannibalism. For the Aztec confederacy especially war was a means of subsistence, for by it they obtained not only a gener ous supply of food and clothing, but also a forced labor for whatever serv ice might be required. In addition, war was for all the tribes of Mexico a religious duty, for thereby they ob tained the supply of victims for sac rifice to their numerous deities whose spiritual existence was dependent upon their altars. Incidentally, the meat of the victims' bodies served to please the palates of the victors, for the Mex ican Indians were cannibals. Not all the tribes enjoyed the abun dant feasts of the allies of the Valley. It is recorded that in 1487, at the dedi cation of the great temple in the is land city of Tenochtitlan, to which all the surrounding tribes were invit ed, twenty thousand men were sacrific ed in a four-day carnival of killing. It has been estimated that the deaths by sacrifice in ancient Mexico far out numbered all the deaths from all other causes combined. That men were killed and eaten was not enough. The Indian delight in the physical suffering of his enemy has been described at length in Amer ican stories of the frontier and early colonial days, where the savage tribes of the forest compelled their victims to undergo frightful tortures before being burned at the stake. Amongst the Mexican Indians these tortures were systematized into religious cere monials in which each deity was dis tinguished by some particular detail different from the rest. One cheerful preliminary consisted in decorating the victim with black speckles made by dropping melted and burning rub ber on his naked body. The usual rrfethod of sacrifice was to chop open the victim and tear his beating heart from his living body. Victims offered to the God of Fire were bound and thrown into a bonfire, where they were allowed to become well toasted, and were then raked out before life was extinct and their hearts torn out. Some of the victims were flayed and their skins worn by certain individuals, who were looked upon as especially holy men while encased in these en velopes of hideous corruption. In the great temple enclosures were scores of wooden racks upon which were spitted putrifying heads of the victims. At the time of the first visit of Cortes to the City of Mexico, in 1519, Andres de Tapia, an eye-witness, declared that he had entered the tem ple enclosure with a companion named Gonzalo de Umbria, and the pair of them had counted one hundred and thirty-six thousand of these grisly horrors without even then arriving at the total. Had Dante known of Mexico h£ would have had the monster Geryon carry Virgil and himself across the sea to an actual Inferno more hideous by far than the poetic version in his Commedia. Cardinal Expresses Thanks BELGIAN PRELATE WRITES LET TER OF APPRECIATION TO GEN EROUS FRIENDS IN PHILA DELPHIA. Smuggled through t^e German lines In Belgium, a letter from Cardinal Mercier, the Belgian prelate, has been received by the local Belgian relief committee of Philadelphia, thanking that city for its birthday gift of $1,- THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, MAY 19, 1917 A GREAT LABOR CRISIS changed the Roman Insula generally with its horde of slaves into the mediaeval town, so now would she enfranchise the working classes, not handing them over, bound hand and foot, into the clutches of uncon trolled Capital, and far less sacrific ing them to the servile state of the Socialist. These principles are now taken for granted. Everybody knows where the Catholic Church stands. But it was not so in 1880. I had myself just re ceived the Cardinal's hat when the question of the attitude of the Church towards the Knights of La bor, which was the principal Trades union of those times, came up for decision and I can never forget the anxiety and distress of mind of those days. If the Knights of "Labor were not condemned by the Church, then the Church ran the risk of combin ing against herself every element of wealth and power and at a time when the Pope, having lost his Temporal Sovereignty, was a prisoner in his own palace. But if the Church did not protect the working men she would have been false to her whole history and this the Church can never be. My great friend and colleague, who fought with me shoul der to shoulder for the rights of the Christian Plebs, has long since gone to his reward but I cannot speak of this subject without recalling the in domitable courage and perseverance of Cardinal Manning. This great Car dinal shall ever dwell in the hearts of Englishmen as a companion figure to that other great ecclesiastic who fought for the liberty of the people so long ago, Cardinal Langton. What a marvellous thing it is to think that after three hundred years of oppres sion the Catholic Church in England should have been able to give to the English people so soon after the re storation of her Hierarchy such a striking reminder of her glorious past. And these are the horrors which the sentimentalists and socialists of the present day would have preserved and perpetuated in the name of "human ity," shedding meanwhile many croco dile tears and uttering much twaddle in mourning the destruction of the blood-spattered Indian idols and the demolition of their fetid temples. Misplaced Sympathies. The sympathy of modern "humani tarians" expressed for the destruction of these fetid Mexican temples and hideous idols besmeared with coagu lated blood, is much misplaced, be cause the Mexican Indians seem to have had little regard for temples or images as such. Their forays upon each other were murderously destruc tive, and the temple, because of its elevated position, Was the last rally ing point of the defenders, and conse quently the point where the combat reached its greatest fury. Victory was invariably marked by the burning of the temple. In fact, the Indian sign of conquest was the picture of a burn ing temple. This brings us to the matter of the exaggerated "libraries" said to have been destroyed by the Spanish con querors. It is claimed that the Indian temples were the depositories of these collections, and if this be true, the frequency with which they were all subjected to destruction first and last by their marauding neighbors, would preclude the possibility of the preser vation of any great amount of such material. The Indians occupying the site of the present city of Mexico wer.e the ones who perhaps were the long est immune from such attacks, and there Indian tradition tells us that Itzcoatl, who was the chief from 1427 to 1440, caused the destruction of all the picture writings in existence at that time. Such documents, therefore, belonging to the "great library of the Montezumas," as were in existence at the time of the conquest by the Span iards, must necessarily have been cre ated since the rule of Itzcoatl, or with in a period of less than 80 years. The missionaries were anxious to learn the history of the Indians and were zealous in searching for and pre serving every scrap of picture-writing that might shed light upon the sub ject. They rescued and preserved for us a number of very interesting docu ments, but, unfortunately, the greater part of them have to do exclusively with the Indian astrology and are worthless as history. Such few docu ments as may be said to be historical are in reality but collections of crude drawings illustrating certain events and bear no relation whatever to writ ten history. History Not Lost. Nor was the history of the Indians lost with the Conquest. What little was known by them was written by their own historians soon after that event. There were not lacking intel ligent men among them who seized upon the alphabet of the white man and with it recorded the deeds of their ancestors, which they had been taught to remember and rcverence. It is by the study of these and other contem poraneous records that we are enabled to describe more or less accurately the social organization of the ancient Mexicans. The manv villages varied only in degree and the study of one of them will serve for all. 500 to the Cardinal last November. The letter is dated Feb. 18. "You have had the touching and delicate thought of making a special appeal to the generosity of your fel low citizens of Philadelphia on the occasion of my birthday," the Cardi nal wrote, "i have been deeply moved by this kind attention and wish to thank, the committee most sincerely. "It is a greftcopiost ti» up'to feel ourselves thus supported Tlna.nrl.illy, and morally by thes noble American people." "UTOPIA" CENTENARY OF PUBLICATION OF FAMOUS WORK BY BLESSED THOMAS MORE. This year occurs the fourth centen ary of the publication of the most generally known work of Blesrsed Thomas More, the "Utopia." Original ly written in Latin, it was probably published in January, 1517, and was not translated till 1551. It is one of the ironies of history that this work, which breathes the love of peace and of the people, should have first seen the light in the city of Louv In. A correspondent having further noted the fact that the first part of the book was composed by More in London and the second in Antwerp, points to the interna tional character of the circumstances of its production. "The book," he says, was "written in an exultant age, delightfully self-conscious in its sense of having left the WTars of the Roses behind, and yet perfectly alive to the horrors of social disorder which followed in the train, first, of the upheaval of civil war and, sec ondly, of the stagnant abuses cre ated by the old feudal system of the Middle Ages. The 'Utopia' in a very real sense is a war-product, both in its protest against civil wars and against foreign wars (waged for ex tension of territory, though not, it may be noted, against all wars). It is the first appeal to principles which are essentially those of peaceful in ternationalism in the Renaissance." Its associations with Belgium are of especial interest at a time like the present, when an effort is being made to collect 'books which may serve as a nucleus for the reconsti tution of the destroyed library of Louvain. Concerning these associa tions, the correspondent says: "Sir Thomas More learned much from Belgium. Amongst the men as sociated with the first edition of (the 'Utopia' are Jerome Buslarden, who rounded the College of the Three Languages at Louvain Erasmus, who undertook its direction in 1517 John Paludanus, of Louvain, with whom Erasmus lived for some time in that city Gerardus Noviomagus, also of Louvain, who took part in tne editorial \york of the 'Utopia.' Lastly, there is the Louvain printer himself, Thierry Marten, who at one time for a month received into his Louvain house the great Erasmus, ill of the plague. Not only did Marten publish More's 'Utopia,' but in the same year, 1517, he publisued Eras mus' 'Bellum,' the most incisive of all Renaissance treatises against war." Historical Society Contest NEW YORK ORGANIZATION OF FERS PRIZE FOR BEST ESSAY —CONTEST OPEN TO STUDENTS IN CATHOLIC COLLEGES. To enlist the immediate and prac tical interest of students in Catholic, colleges in research work among the records of American Catholic achieve ments, the United States Catholic Historical Society has determined to offer for competition by the students of the Catholic colleges of the United States a prize of one hundred dollars in gold for the best essay on any one of the following topics: (I) The Centenary of Illinois: (Dec. 30, 1918) Catholic Landmarks and Achievements, Past and Present, in the State. (II) Catholic Social Service as il lustrated by the Creightons of Oma ha the Mulanphies of St. Louis: Margaret Haughery of New Orleans Carney of Boston Heeney and the Parmentiers of New York the Drexels of Philadelphia, and the founders of benevolent institutions elsewhere. (III) The "Marcus Whitman Myth" and the Missionary History of Oregon. The conditions governing this con test are: (1) Every contestant must be cer tified by the faculty as a student in course, in a Catholic college. (2) The Ms. which must be type written must contain no fewer than 2,500 words and may not exceed 5,000 words. It must be received at the office of the United States Catholic Historical Society, 346 Convent Ave., New York, before November 1, 1917. (3) The papers will be passed on by the Editing Committee of the His torical Society, and the final award will be made by a special committee composed of the Rev. R. H. Tierney. S. J., Editor of America Dr. Conde p. Pallen, Managing Editor of the "Catholic Encyclopedia" and Thomas F. Woodlock, Esq. E 4 The successful essay will be pub lished in the issue of the United States Catholic Historical Society's Records and Studies immediately fol lowing the award. Where Woman is Despised IN HEATHEN AND NON-CATHOLIC COUNTRIES THE LOT OF WOMAN1 IS MOST DEPLORABLE. We may unhesitatingly put it down as a general and valid fact, that, only in Christianity is woman considered the equal of man, and respected and honored by him as his frieiKi and com panion. Nearly everywhere else, in the Mohammedan as well as in the heathen countries, she is in the most favorable event the servant of the husband, and not seldom, only the slave, and like a beast of burden despised and maltreated. "Women have no souls," is the view of the Mohammedans as w.ell .as of Con fucius in far-off China. "Women have no intellect," according, to the books of the Hindus in Indian "One boy," thus runs a Chinese proverb, "is worth more than ten girls," and when you question a Chinese father in regard 47th Annual Clearance Before Inventory We are closing out all exchanged pianos, all pianos slightly uswl or shop-worn, discontinued styles, etc., at greatly reduced prices and on very easy terms. Following are a few of the many bargains offered in used uprights: Hardrnan $48 00 Fisher Kimball 65.00 Ludwig Hallet & Davis 75.00 Foiter Kramich & Bach 85.00 Chickering Radle 90 00 Stein way Chickering Grand (used) $275 00 Knabe Grand (ussd) $300.00 Terms as low at $5 down $5 mon W. J. DYER & BRO. 21-23 West 5th Street, St. Paul, Minn. Write for Bargain Bulletin which describes all pianos offered at this Sale. and Company ROBERT/AND SIXTH STREETS The Home of Good CLOTHES '^HERE is everything in the way a Suit of Clothes drapes itself. There is art in the cut of it. A single "try on" before a mirror will be con vincing to the most critical man or young man, that Browning King & Co. clothes head them all in style and workmanship. one aim is to see that your con fidence in the merits of our cloth ing, furnishings and hats is never mis placed. We are here to k£ep faith. SURE tb see our Friday and Saturday Special of Mens and Young Mens Suits at $15.00 Ag-ents for Bentourry's Caps KNOX, STETSON BORSOLINO HATS to the number of his children, he will perhaps respond to you: "Alas, I have only four foolish girls." But this is only the modest expression of the Chinese, who are always anxious to lower and depreciate everything pertaining to themselves. The father, in reality, by his four foolish girls means his boys, whilst the girls are not considered at all. Mohammedans in Syria act in a similar manner. In consequence of this disregard to ward the female sex a girl is consid ered an unwelcome gift even at its very birth. In China the birth of a girl is regarded as a great calamity. Likewise in the Mohammedan coun tries, where the neighbors sympa thetically say: "The grief at the birth of a girl endures until death." But the disappointment reaches its height in India. At the birth of a child in the more wealthy families the Relatives and friends are gathered to gether with a music band to celebrate the birth of a boy, which is expected with all certainty and prophesied by the heathen fortune tellers. If the mother is fortunate enough to give birth to a son, her condition will he greatly improved thereby and this "even to a greater extent in China, where she, as she advances in age, enjoys a certain degree of respect at least on the part of her children. But so much worse for the mother in In dia, should she disappoint the expecta tions of her husband. Suddenly heart-rending lamentations resound within the zenana (woman's apart ments) and presently the mother-in law, rushing out into the courtyard, cries in despair: "Alas, what a mis fortune, a girl, a girl!" Like-a thun derbolt this intelligence strikes the assemblage the music and conversa tion cease, all joy and mirth have disappeared. Soon the courtyard and verandas are empty, and only a few intimate friends remain to express their sympathy to the father at this great calamity. Now the old chief of the house furiously calls out to his MANHATTAN SHIRTS VASAR UNDERWEAR INTERWOVEN HOSIERY k 3ft $100.00 147.00 125.00 150.00 250/00 son, the father of the new-born girl: "You unfortunate creature, what have you done to arouse the anger of the gods that they should send you a girl instead of a boy. Would that your accursed wife had never entered my home! What shall we do with this creature, which has suddenly covered my honorable house with such shame and disgrace!" From all sides sim ilar reproaches are dinned into the ears of the unlucky man. But in the zenana it is even worse. Here a per fect uproar and the greatest confu sion reigns. Every woman in the house gives free range to her tongue* pouring forth with heathen licentioiiji ness all imaginable abusive language upon the unhappy mother and her child. (Nowalski de Lilia.) The proud warrior caste of the Radshpu tens celebrate the birth of a boy with music and the distribution of sweets. If, however, a girl is born, the father declares with an icy mien: "Nothing is born at which his friends amidst expressions of sympathy and regret leatfe the house. This perception majf be partly explained by the great ex? penses arising later on to the family at the marriage of the daughter* partly also, that only a son may ren der services at the sacrifice cere monies for the deceased father, but above all, in the belief of the traad migration of souls. The birth of a girl is considered a punishment for the sins of the parents, as also for the sins committed by the soul of the re spective girl, in a former life here upon earth. Sends First Ambulance The first ambulance to be sent toy an American convent to the Allies 4# Europe will be that of St Mary'# Notre Dame College club. It will be known as "St. Mary's Ambulance," and will he sent to Prance within a fe^y weeks.