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OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE ARCHDIOCESE OF ST. PAUL Published every Saturday at 315'New ton Bid*., Fifth and Minnesota Streets, St. Paul, Minnesota, by Tit Catholic Bulletin PnblUhla* C*. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $1 .50 a year, If paid In advance. 92.00 a year, if not paid in advance. 92.C0 a year to foreign countries. Advertising Rate» on Application. All advertisements are under edito rial supervision. None but reliable firms and reputable lines of business are ad vertised and recommended to our read ers. A mention of THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, when writing: to advertisers, will to® mutually beueficial. The mailing label on your paper !s a receipt for your subscription, ana a re minder of the date of its expiration. To Insure change of address, the SUD •criber must give the old, as well as the new, address. Remittance may be made by Draft, Post urtioe or Kxpress Money Order, Or Registered Letter, addressed to THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, S15 Newton Bldg., St. Paul, Minnesota. Rev. James 31. Reardon, Edlter-ln-Chlefi Rev. C. F. MrOInnlx. Ph. D., Associate Kdltor. Harry Locherd, Advertising: Manager, Printed by Wlllwerscheld & Molth. Entered as second-class matter, Jan uary 12, 1911, at tfeo post office, St. Paul, Minn., under Act of March 3. 1878. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 16, 1918. If tliou hast found a friend who can overlook thy failings, and still be thy friend. clin«i to him with grip of steel. F.wry Catholic who can spare one hour in the morning should endeavor to hear Mass daily dur ing the holy season of Lent. Somebody has well said that "it is an iil-spent Lent that does not. lind us better 011 Easter Sun day than on Ash Wednesday." Next Wednesday, Friday and Saturday will be Ember Days. They are days upon which fast and abstinence must be observed by all those exempt. who are not lawfully Washington and Lincoln both recognized the hand of Divine Providence in the great work which they were called upon to accomplish. Their aims were for the betterment of the race, and God Rewarded and crowned their efforts with success. A genuine Catholic will not be satisfied with attending Mass 011 Sunday during Lent, lie will en ter into the spirit of the season and will arrange his affairs in such manner that he may be pres ent at the various evening devo tions in his parish church. Will the daily newspapers and their Roman correspondents please let the Pope speak for him self, complains an editor. They insist on announcing what he has done and what he intends to do. Let him act. for himself. Those who misinterpret his motives and prophesy falsely as to his pur poses, are his enemies. Lent began last Wednesday. The abstaining from flesh meat will be more generally observed among the people of the United States this year than ever before. This more general observance is due to the food regulations pro mulgated by President Wilson rather than to any great increase of religious convictions. While it is undoubtedly the duty of every Catholic to main tain and defend his religion when ever a proper opportunity offers, the fact remains that the most powerful and practical method oi promoting Catholic truth is by the dissemination of Catholic litera ture and the support of a vigilant, active and fearless Catholic press, savs The Southern Messenger. For the very reason that the world war is exacting a dreadful toll in lives, the priests of the Catholic Church are with the battling armies in large numbers, observes the Catholic News. Wherever there is death and danger to his people the Catholic priest is to be found, no matter what the' risk may be to his own life. Hearings on the constitutional ity of the child labor law have been advanced by the U. S. Su preme Court on motion of the Government. The increased use of children in factories engaged in war industries, makes a speedy de eision necessary. Lowrer courts in the South, were children are cruelly worked in the cotton mills, have held that the law is uncon stitutional. The erection of wayside shrines in England has been cited as one of the effects produced from the sojourn of hundreds of thousands of British soldiers in France and the object lessons they have there hid before tfceir. eyeggjgggge The Catholic Record. The ringing oi the Angelus on the bells of many Protestant churches is another. The tones of these bells, morning, noon and1 night, sounding across the fields in honor of the Incarna tion, has, are informed, bo come quite a common experience. Recently the coal dealers of Toledo, Ohio, declared during the cold spell that they eotild not de liver coal owing to the scarcity of men and teams. Thereupon the Catholic Charities of that city en gaged ten teams to haul coal, without charge, to those who were in great need of it. Men were obtained for the work through the Free Employment Bureau. The Catholic Charities disregarded religious lines, and recognized but one claim on their kindness, namely, need. The official report of the draft has been compiled by Ma.j. Gen. Enoch II. Crowder, Provost Mar shal General of the United States, and these official figures are now 011 record at Washington. A "slacker'' tale is filed in 1he ex hibits and Georgia, the home of bigotry, leads all of the Southern States in the number of 4'slack ers," those who failed to appear for the draft. .Tust f,064 failed to appear in Georgia's quota. In the last, religious census of Georgia, Baptists comprised 56(U.)31 out of a. church-going population of 1,007,205. Methodists being sec ond with 321,000, while Catholics were at the bottom with only 19, 000 in the whole state of Georgia. "This is a wonderful day, wherein one sees the end of prej udice and intolerance in our land," writes the editor of The Hudson, X. J., Observer, and con tinues, "While there is no tend ency toward amalgamation or con solidation of the sects, there is a healthful inclination toward the 'live and let live' spirit. The most forceful example of the ob literation of exclusive religious boundaries lies, perhaps, in the war activities of the Y. M. C. A. and Knights of Columbus. When the former sought to raise funds for the welfare of the soldiers and sailors it had the support of Cath olics and Hebrews as wTell as Prot estants. Likewise, now that the Columbians are campaigning for funds for similar purposes, Prot estant clergymen have come forth to volunteer their services and prominent Hebrews are enrolled in their campaign committees. This same spirit is exemplified in conferring the benefits accruing from these moneys indiscriminate ly upon Catholics, Protestant or Hebrew soldiers and sailors. WASHINGTON AT PRAYER. One of the most human touch es in the life of the incompar able Washington is the incident related by one of his biographers. The war of American independ ence had progressed for several years with uncertain fortunes. The slender resources of the in fant Colonies were far inferior to the intensity of their patriotism. A blow had been struck for lib erty. It wTas a blow7 directed against one of the most powerful nations in the world. It was a pigmy against a giant, the beard less David against the powerful Goliath. France had not yet sent her expected aid. The su periority of numbers, training and equipment of the English forces seemed to threaten anni hilation for the sturdy little band of pioneers. Although commanded by one of the greatest generals in history, the poorly clad, poor ly equipped soldiers of the Colo nies seemed doomed to destruc tion. At this crisis, when the suffer ings at Valley Forge wrere keen est, we are told that on a ccrtain day the great Washington re treated to an adjoining wrood. He fastened the reins of his horse to a young sapling. Casting his hat aside, he knelt on the snow-cov ered ground and poured forth in tense supplications to Him Who alone gives victory. Washington prayed as only a great heart can pray. Realizing the responsibil ities placed upon him, the huge ness of his task, the apparent hopelessness of success, the im mortal champion of liberty spoke to his Maker iri terms of a nation. Impressed with the colossal pos sibilities for mankind which suc cess meant in the victory of the Colonists, the Father of his Coun try, like Moses of old, pleaded with God for his people. Whether there was any logical connection between this outpour ing of prayer and the ultimate success of the American armies, no man can say with certainty. Our knowledge, however of the workings of Divine Proyidence throughout the ages, leads us to believe firmly that that prayer offered up in the solemn stillness of the primeval wilds by the leader of the chosen people, was a deciding factor in the great struggle. Valley Forge hence forth became a sweet if painful memory. Liberty-loving France sent her fleet® and her armies. The Lafayettes and Pulaskis, the Rochambeaus and the Koseiuskos, responding to a new impulse, ral lied round the indomitable, pray erful Washington. The spirits of the poor sufferers at Valley Forge caught the warmth of the new Maine Ihat, was enkindled. France made her power felt, the English were hurled back on every hand. Lord Cornwallis surrendered his sword and his army at Yorktown. Liberty was henceforth assured for the newr world. The agoniz ing prayer, uttered in the solemn stillness of the primeval wilds by the Father of his Country, was fully, completely, overwhelming ly answered by the Great Father above. CHURCH BASEMENT ARSENALS. When allowed to run its course unhampered, there is no channel into which bigotry will not plunge. Frequently a fixed idea becomes an hallucination. A man seizes up on a falsehood, an error, or a vague impression. lie revolves it in his mind, looks at it from every angle, adjusts it according to his preconceived notions, and sends it forth a lull-fledged monster. During the past twenty years or more certain groups of individuals have made a pastime of hurling silly and ridiculous accusations against the Catholic Church. The public was told that Catholics were gathering arms quietly and drilling in secret, preparatory to seizing the American government for the Pope. In fact, it was said that every church basement, prac tically speaking, was an arsenal wherein were stored arms and am munition for "The Day." It was said, moreover, that our Catholic organizations, especially that of the Knights of Columbus, were furnished with swords, not for the display of pageantry, but for fu ture military use, when the Pope was to rule our beloved Republic. These absurd ideas gained a foot hold in certain sections of our country where ignorance went hand in hand with irreligion. Since America has entered the fray we have been told by the same old accusers that the Pope favors Germany. Hence, we have the spectacle of American Cath olics, so faithfully drilled in the church basements, now directing their arms against Germany. But in the words of the New York Evening Post, if this war is to be won it is the bayonets of Cath olics that must do it. No well bal anced person ever took seriously the above silly charges, which are merely the flotsam and jetsam on the sea of bigotry. The truth of the matter is, however, that while Catholics have been reticent in the past in couching their patriotism in empty words, when the tocsin sounded America stood in amaze ment as she beheld her erstwhile suspected Catholic citizens spring forward to her defense, while the vipers of the nation, the malicious bigots of the loyal order of Bene dict Arnold, swrellcd the class of slackers and traitors. Never again can it be said by any sane man that Catholics are 01* ever have been recreant to their duty to wards their country. As reports of religious statistics come in from the various army and navy centers of the country, it is shown that in the majority of cases Catholics are far in the lead of other denominations. We say this not at all in a spirit of boastfulness, but rather to silence the base accusations of those who would bring the disruptive ele ment of religious disaffection into our midst. RESPECT THE AGED. It is a notable fact of ancient history that the peoples of olden times, who were renowned for solid wisdom, included respect and veneration for the old as an important part of their ethical and religious systems. It was recognized and admitted that, usually speaking, age brings wis dom as the fruit of experience. In this sense knowledge and wisdom are two entirely different acquisi tions. For wisdom is acquired not through books alone, but from the experiences that go to make up the round of life. Respect for the aged was crys tallized definitely under the in fluence of the Christian religion Institutions were founded in all lands, and the tenderest ministra tions of Christian charity were extended to the aged, homeless and helpless. This spirit has been continued down the ages, until at the present day every country in the world has homes for the aged Respect for the aged, however, is frequently lacking among those who have not yet attained the veil erable period of life. Thoughtless youth with careless impetuosity not rarely treats the old writh slighting indifference. While the actual sneer may be absent, haughty, patronizing air is fre quently in vidence. The old hav a right, a well-founded claim in virtue of their years, to all defer ence and respect. Especially this true in the case of one's par ents. Disrespect evinced towards THE CATIIOT.IC BULLETIN, FEBRUARY 16, 1018 the aged is ever the mark of a vulgar, inferior spul, whatsoever accomplishments such a person may possess. As a writer well remarks: 4 "Do not let the memory of the old folks perish keep it green tell your children now and then something about your old-fash ioned father and mother, or your grandfather or grandmother. It will do no harm, to keep the new generation in touch with the gen erations that have gone before, lest the new might get the notion that all it is, it became through its own transcendent merit whereas the truth is that it marched on to progress over the backs of those who went before. The old-fashioned fathers and mothers were a wonderful race ol men and women whose virtues outnumbered their faults. May our own and future generations be able to say as much, each for itself." CATHOLIC WOMEN'S LEAGUE. The Catholic Women's League of Minneapolis has announced that it: will inaugurate a campaign for membership, beginning next Tuesday. The importance of this announcement is manifest, from a brief' consideration of the various activities which engage the atten tion of the League. Unlike sim ilar organizations to be found elsewhere, the Minneapolis League of Catholic women expands its energies in the most fruitful fields of practical endeavor. Various departments minister to the needs of others in the most efficient manner. These departments are: St. Mary's Hall, a boarding home for girls The Margaret Barry Settlement House a cafeteria a relief department' which co-oper ates with parish societies of the same kind a juvenile department, whose work has been so effective that in a crowded district not one Catholic child has been brought before the Juvenile Court for de linquency since last September a Travelers' Aid department, which directs the strange girl ar riving in the city. Besides this work, the League co-operates jointly with a committee from the Guild of Catholic Women of St. Paul, in maintaining a Catholic In fant Home in St. Paul. The amount of good which this great organization can accomplish is limited only by the means at its command. The need along these different, lines is widespread and pronounced. The ability of the directors is unquestioned. Itr re mains, therefore, that all those who are interested in each or any of 1he above forms of charitable work signify their practical ad herence to this great charity by becoming* members of the League. Every person of sound heart and generous impulse sets aside a ccrtain amount of money for char ity each year. Hence, it is an easy matter to contribute your assistance to some form of the above mentioned charities by be coming a member of the Minne apolis League of Catholic women. FAITHFUL AND BRAVE BIG BLAZE FAIL? TO KEEP FIRE MAN FROM COMMUNION. He was a fireman and for hours he with his heroic comrades, unmindful of the snowstorm, had been fighting a quarter of a million dollar blaze which destroyed a five-storv factory building in Philadelphia, early last Sunday morning. From helmet to boots he was covered with ice and mud. The smell of smoke followed him as he approached the Church of the Immaculate Conception, nearby. Entering the sacristy he asked one of the priests if he might not. receive Iloly Communion there, lie politely declined the request to go into the church on account of the ice, now melting and running in rivulets on the floor. On Saturday night the fireman had gone to confession, and although called from his cot to the blaze at 4:30 a. m., he had maintained his fast until about 8 o'clock, when a superior granted permission for him to receive his Eucharistic Lord. He then went to the fire. A WAR CHURCH DEDICATION OF CHAPEL NEAR T(|+E FRONT—CEREMONIES ARE IMPRESSIVE. The Rev. Austin McCabe, C. SS. R. Chaplain to the British Forces, tells an interesting story of the opening of a Catholic church erected for the soldiers behind the fighting lines. "It was a most successful function in every way," says Father McCabe, "the church was crowded to its ut most capacity. Many officers, non Catholic as well as Catholic, were present. The American Colonel of this hospital was there, together with many of his officers several Angli can chaplains, and a great body of our faithful Tommies. We had a splendid military band, which played all the music of the Mass in a most inspiring manner. All the chaplains of the district, about twelve in.num ber, were present and did the sing ing. ... At 11:00 a. m. the solemn proces sion started from the old church, tent of many happy memories The pro cessional cross camc 1 1 1 cu iOd by a six-l'oot Guardsman then the acoly tes, who were soldiers of the Ameri can Army, the incense bearer, the master of ceremonies then the body of chaplains in their khaki and, last ly, the sub-deacon, deacon, and cele brant, wearing cloth of gold vest ments. We had a most inspiring ser mon by Father Dowling, C. F., of Lon don. At the conclusion of the Mass all sang the hymn, "Holy God, We Praise Thy Name," accompanied by the military band. It was a fitting conclusion to a remarkable ceremony. The church will be a boon to all our men here. We can easily seat 1C0, and can get in on great occasions 100 more. The two side chapels, making the church cruciform, are dedicated, that on the Gospel side to Our L.idy of Victories, and that on the ISpistle' to the Holy Souls." AMERICA IN FRANCE REVEREND PAUL PERIGORD LEC TURED AT ST. CATHERINE'S COLLEGE—CALLED V'THE FIGHT ING PRIEST OF FRANCE"—SENT BY FRANCE TO TELL THE AMERICAN PEOPLE "THE TRUTH." The message sent by the French people to the United Slates was the subject of a vitally interesting lecture delivered Sunday afternoon, February 10, at. the College of St. Catherine, by Reverend Paul Perigord. Father Perigord has been in the front line trenches of France for the last three years, not only as a chaplain, but as a fighting soldier, and by his personal valor won his commission as First Lieutenant of the 14th Infan try. He has been sent by the French Government to tell the American "the truth"—the truth of which he has been not only an eye witness but a participant. For ten years prior to his enlist ment at the outbreak of the war in 1914 Father Perigord was professor in St. Paul Seminary, in St. Paul, where he was also educated and or dained for the priesthood. Because of that intercollegiate friendship which exists between neighboring schools, Father Perigord traveled 200 miles out of his route to speak to the students of' the College of St. Catherine and the public to whom the invitation had been extended. "France loves and honors the Amer ican people for their part in this crisis when 'right is struggling against might.' Though you may not be aware of it, you have two capital cit ies,'' declared Father Perigord, "Washington and Paris. In France there is a greater display of the Stars and Stripes than in the United States itself, and the French people in order to express their veneration for that emblem of your young republic float the American flag above their red, white and blue standard. "To the girls of a woman's college the French women send a special mes sage. Over here they too must work together to form the second line trench, and back up the men. Not only have they taken men's places in the field of labor, but besides have been the chief strength of the men on the battle field. This loyalty can be seen in the letters of encourage ment. which they write, and such words as these, 'My boy be brave,' have been the force which gave the boys courage to 'go over the top.' Father Perigord was present when the first American troops landed in France, and the welcome that they received was enough to arouse the jealousy of the French soldiers. That France might show her appreciation to these boys, she gave them the most beautiful sector of the front, that of Lorraine, the home of Jeanne d'Arc. A pretty incident is told of how the American soldiers, wondering if the voice which stirred that French maid en could still be heard, asked a French officer. Before an answer could be given the clear notes of the Amer ican bugle sounded in the distance, and the officer replied "Yes—listen." Former Catholic Editor Selected from a large class of stu dents at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, J. Lee Meelian, former editor of the Intermountain Catholic of Salt Lake City, is one of four men detailed by the United States navy department to the Langley aviation field at Hampton, Va., to receive in structions in aerial photography from the army experts. Winners Again CATHOLIC SCHOOL AWARDED NINE OF THIRTEEN CON TEST MEDALS. The pupils of St. Aim parochial school, Terre Haute, Ind., have been awarded nine of the thirteen gold medals offered by the Terre Haute Trust Co. for the best pen drawing and essay on the flag. It is certainly a proof of the patriotic spirit ani mated by the pastor, Rev. John Ryves, as well as by the Sisters of Provi dence, whose untiring efforts have achieved such splendid success. Dearth of Priests The dearth of priests in the Newark, N. J., diocese has necessitated the ad vancement of the ordination date of eight deacons, studying at the semi nary of the Immaculate Conception, South Orange. The ceremony will be performed by the Right Reir^ Bishop O'Connor on February 23. Mgr. Klein Administrator .'RfclteK-.lQpr* A? J. KleiUv hasjjeen. appointed administrator of the dio cese of Lincoln, Neb., made vacant by the transference of Rjt. Hew bish op Tihea to Denver, Anti-Papa! Secret Clause BOLSHEVIKI EXPOSURE TO KEEP POPE OUT OF PEACE NEGOTIA TIONS GENUINE SAYS NEW YORK PAPER. The New York Evening Post in an issue of last week published in full a translation of the much discussed treaty, subscribed to by England, France and Russia, by which Italy was induced to enter the war. Ac cording to Clause XV, the Pope and the Holy See were to bo precluded from the exercising of any influence which might tend to effecting peace. The plain, bald fact is, says the Post, that Catholic soldiers in the Al lied armies are so much more numer ous than their Protestant comrade^ that it can fairly be said that largely upon Catholic bayonets today rests the cause of civilization. Let those who vilify the Pope or try to minim ize the great work he is doing for civ ilization get down to plain common sense their aptitude lor acting the fool has been demonstrated sufficient ly- The Pope was excluded from the first Hague Convention assembled twenty years ago. The present, world war simply shows that the conven tion was little more than a farce. As will be all such future conventions unless included thereat is the Vicar of Him Who is the Prince of Peace. Singer is Indians' Guest SCHUMANN-HEINK SINGS ON HIS TORIC SPOT. One of the most interesting inci dents of Madame Schumann-Heink's career occurred on her recent visit to California, when she sang to hundreds of Indians of the southern California tribes at the foot of Grossmont, where stands one of the oldest Catholic mis sions in the United States—at least, the mission site is there, but the build ing was recently burned to the ground. An altar was erected between two giant pines. On the. edge of the plat form supporting the altar was sus pended the old mission bell, now cracked and corroded. Whites as well as Indians from hundreds of miles around gathered for the solemn cele bration of the Mass, during which the famous songstress, who is a Catholic, rendered an "Ave Maria." The Indian does not often show his emotions, but the eyes of the Indian men and women in that group never left, the face of Schumann-Heink while her glorious voice soared through the limitless woodland spaces. Another K. of C. Chaplain Another K. of C. Chaplain has ar rived at Camp Grant, Rockford, 111. Rev. Max Rupprechter of the Diocese of Lacrosse. There are now seven Catholic chaplains on duty in the can tonment and every spiritual need of the enlisted men will be amply pro vided for. Father Rupprechter will attend the Base Hospital, which is in itself a large congregation. The Abbe Klein The distinguished French priest and author, Abbe Klein, thoroughly well known and appreciated in America, is now attached to the American Hospital at Neuillv, France. A Chaplain's Experience REV. JOHN J. BRADY, WHO CROSS ED WITH FIRST OF PERSHING'S ARMY, TELLS OF ENTERTAINING MEN—VILLAGERS JOIN IN. In a letter from "Somewhere in France," mention is made of the great work being done by Rev. John J. Brady, Chaplain of the ftth Regiment of Marines, and the first Catholic chap lain to land on French soil with the American Expeditionary Force. The letter tells of the gratitude of Father Brady for the publicity given his letter to Cardinal Farley, and the substantial returns from the Catholic people of the United States, which has made his labors so effective. Father Brady has established a main club in the little French village where the troops rest when they come back from the trenches, and where, it is said, the French people are kind ness itself. He organized an orches tra of eight pieces from among the marines of the regiment, and also a choir made up of the finest voices in the village, who are invited to the club every afternoon where the singers meet and chat with our boys, who, it is said, are rapidly acquiring the lan guage from association with them. A musical program is rendered by the choir, and the orchestra plays —and in this way many pleas ant hours are passed by the sol diers. Two smaller clubs have been established by Father Brady at other points, where weekly entertainments are given and a service of daily mov ing pictures is soon to be established. It is pointed out that this has all been accomplished by means of the money sent by the Catholics of the States. Co-operating with Father Brady in his work, is Colonel Bearss, commanding the regiment, and recog nized by the leading French officers as cne of the ablest tacticians that is with our forces. On Christmas Day, the letter states, Father Brady covered over eighty miles to bring the sacraments to the men at the different places had a de liglitful Christmas party for the chil dren of the French village when gifts were distributed to them out of the money sent from the States, and the estimation in which this good priest is held by the Marines in France was demonstrated at the close of the day— when they presented him with a gold watch and cross, as a testimonial of their affection and appreciation of the many sacrifices lie had made for their spiritual and temporal welfare sap** DOMAIN OF TEMPERANCE WHISKEY AND CRIME. Whiskey and crime go hand in hand, and the latter will decrease in an appreciable degree only when traf fic in the fprmer is forbidden and the law enforced. This, in substance, is the view held by B. Ogdin Chisolm, wealthy realty operator of New York and member of the Executive Committee of the Prison Association of New York. Mr. Chisolm, who has an efficient assistant in his daughter, is recog nized as ono of the country's leading experts on, and advocates of, prison reform. It is his intention to visit while in California all of the penal institutions, reformatories, and asy lums. The Whittier State School, which the New Yorker has already visited, is praised highly by him as one in which the right plan is being used, namely, the housing of boys in cottages. "If we went into the matter thor oughly we would find that seventy five prisoners out, of every hundred in our jails throughout the United States met their downfall through the direct influence of whiskey," Mr. Chisolm said: "I love my fellow man that and nothing else prompts my interest in behalf of the unfortunates who are in trouble and who have been put under restraint," he said. "Very nat urally I am interested in the causes which produce such misery. Whiskey, to my mind, is the least excusable, and at the same time the most wide spread cause of all." Abolish Whiskey, Revenge. "I hope to see the day when traf fic in whiskey will be abolished. Then hope to see blazoned across the en trance of every prison in the country the words 'Education' and 'Coopera tion,' and with their adoption as watchwords, the abolishment of the old ideas that punishment and re venge are the cures for crime. "My ideas of handling crime, and in battling for its diminution, are that the remedy lies in individual treatment. Reformation is the thing where there exists any possibility for reformation. I have most decided views along these lines. Among my most pronounced aversions is capital punishment, which I hope will within the near future be abolished through out the United States." Public Pays Cost of Crime. The care and restraint of criminals and defectives whose circumstances and conditions have been brought about by whiskey costs the people of the country $25,000,000 a year, ac cording to the visitor's idea, which he holds is conservative. "Just think what we might accomplish along edu cational lines were we able to save that $2.1,000,000," he remarked. According to data gathered by him, there are now 3.1,000 criminals and defectives in New York alone whose ruin has been wrought by whiskey. That fifty per cent of the criminals and defectives in every state are prod ucts of whiskey is established by him as a conservative estimate. From Los Angeles, Mr. Chisolm, his wife and daughter will go to Pasa dena and Ventura, and later will visit the San Quentin and Folsom prisons. "FOR LABOR'S SAKE—AND AMERICA'S." "I shall vote for the anti-liquor measures. Whenever an issue is pre sented between bread and booze I intend to vote for bread. In doing so I am confident that I shall be serv ing the highest and best interests of my country and my constituents, and that no class of my constituents will be better served than the wage earners." This was the reply of Representa tive William P. Borland of the very wet state of Missouri, to the mem bers of Labor's Emergency Liberty League, an association made up of brewery drivers and their friends, when asked for his attitude toward national prohibition. The statement is a patriotic one and should be the voice of every Congressman and Senator in the United States Congress. He further said: "Boozo is a lux ury and not a necessity. It. decreases the efficiency and earning power of industrial workers, and in this time of our national peril we need the full development of our efficiency and the unfettered strength of our people. "Booze also decreases the stock of grain and food supplies. We have an army in the field which must be fed. We cannot with a clear con science ask the housewives of Ameri ca to save the food grains on th^ir tables" and permit the stock of food material to be used for the manu facture of alcoholic beverages. "The men of organized labor are loyal to the American flag. Prac tically the majority of the men of organized labor are dry. There is no labor in the world so poorly paid as the liquor trade, nor in which the hours are longer. "Practically all of the workers now engaged in the liquor trade are in demand for other work in the com munity, at as good or better wages. "The question is no longer solely a moral question, but has become an economic and patriotic on©." COLD FACTS FROM EUROPE. No drunkenness in beer drinking countries? Yet Germany, the beer drinking country, had before the war more than 30 institutions for treat ment of drunkenness. Of the drinkers received for treatment in the Swiss Ellikon Inebriate Hospital between 1887 and 1893, there were 39 out of every 100 who drank solely beer or beer and wine. There are many people who are like the man who always reaches the sta tion in time to see his train moving out. Punctuality is one of the essen tial conditions of success.