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The Catholic bulletin. [volume] (St. Paul, Minn.) 1911-1995, February 16, 1918, Image 8

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90060976/1918-02-16/ed-1/seq-8/

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QUEST mcg^NSWER
Two unbaptized persons were mar
ried by a justice. The wife now
wishes to become a Catholic ana the
husband opposes her* What should
lie do?
She should consult a Catholic priest
ho will explain ,to her the nature
1 marriage between Catholics, non
Catholics and pagans. He will then
tell her that after certain formalities
have been gone through she may be
."Uowcd the use of the Pauline privi
i-ge.
Is it a sin for a person who has not
attended Mass that morning to go vis
iting on Sunday afternoon?
Such a performance is not neces
sarily a sin. If Mars was omitted
!:rough negligence on Sunday morn
ing it would be a sign of rather weak
faith to spend the afternoon in social
pleasures.
What will bccome of the souls of
unbaptized children after the last day?
The teaching of the Church is that
unbaptized children who die before
reaching the use of reason will go
neither to heaven nor to hell. They
will be in what has been called Lim
fco, or a state of natural happiness.
If a young girl wishes to become a
nun can she remain in the world for
a time to support her parents and
then enter the convent later on?
The duty towards parents is a nat
ural one. Ordinarily speaking, if the,
parents absolutely depend on the as
sistance of a child, that child should
support her parents as long as it is
i: eessary. In individual cases consult
our confessor.
A certain man died. Later on a
member of his family also died. Can
this second person inform the first of
things that have transpired in the
meantime?
In the first place the two persons
might be in different states. In that
case the means of communication
might be somewhat strained. Provid
ed both persons arc in the same place,
there is nothing in Catholic teaching
contrary to the belief that such in
formation Plight be imparted.
Two Protestants marry and then
separate. Tho lady becomes a Cath
olic and wishes to marry a Catholic.
Can they bs married in the Church?
No answer can be given to a gen
eral question of this kind, since each
individual case may have circum
stances that will entirely alter the
nature cf the problem. In general it
nay be said that when there is ques
tion of uncertainty arising from a mar
i iuge the pro er thing to do is to con-
!lt.
a priest and to explain all the
details the particular case.
Why is it that children cannot be
named after a martyr?
The contrary is trie. In. fact, in
iin early Church it was customary in
r- ariy all caves to name a child after
martyr. Kv« a at present in Cath
olic mnirirK children very frequently
e given the names of local martyrs
of th i
11"t:n
cesrai:"-.
fch thb drjiartmrnt, qucntlou of Kcntral Irterent in regard to reWirlOW will lie
Mutnfred each wrek. la the order in which tliey are rceelved. All commnnl
•fction» mast be •iRned, though the name vrlll not be published. Addroaai
"Qaeatio* and Answer," care The Catholic Bulletin, 315 Newton Bldff* St. Paul.
Is Alice the name of a saint?
There is the Empress St. Alice
v, hose feast is celebrated on December
17. There is also a Blessed Alice, a
Cistercian nun, who died at La Cam
i're, Belgium, in 1250.
of the city, province
Sees the Fourth Commandment sup
pose cbligatiors of parents towards
their children?
P.irents have many'obligations to
wards their children. In the first
place, the parents are responsible for
i he existence of the child. They are
obliged, so long as that child is a
minor, to provide everything that is
necessary for its physical welfare,
this includes food, clothing, housing,
medical attention, and all the care
which a dependent naturally has claim
to from a superior. In the second
place, parents are obliged to provide
lor the spiritual welfare of the child.
This means that parents are under
strict obligation to see that the child
is instructed along moral and relig
ious lines, both at home and in
school. Parents who leave all religious
instruction to bo gained by the child
in church are not fulfilling their duty
t( wards God or towards their child.
The moral life of the child is unfold
ing daily and the parents, especially
the mother, are obliged to take means
to ensure the development of the
child's mind along correct and strict
ly moral lines. To this end kindness
should be mingled with firmness, but
never to the detriment of correct
morals. The idiotic senselessness of
some parents in catering to the child's
whims, even when these point to
wrong objects, is most culpable it is
criminal, since it permits the child's
undeveloped moral nature to be pois
oned by false principles. Parents also
ftfo Obliged to provide Christian edu
cation for their children. Catholics
Who insist on sending their children
t& non-Catholic inst-iti.it.ions ni?iy
3.1*
many pretexts for their un-Chris
tlfen action. While exceptions to the
file are sometimes, but rarely, to be
admitted, ordinarily speaking, Catho
parents who can send their chil
dren to a Catholic school, and who re
fuse to do so for trivial reasons, are
Without the least shadow of a doubt
i :i a state of gift.
Should a person, who is desirous
cf attending daily Masc, do oo if she
Is in delicate health?
We are obliged to hear Mass on
Sundays and holy days of obligation,
unless excused for a serious reason.
While il is most praiseworthy ens
ua»l .oftc 4"
••i
,i,Art
'(K
prudent for a person to expose her
self to possible illness in order to
attend daily Mass. In individual
cases consult your physician and pas
tor.
Is it a sin to crochet on Sunday?
The Church forbids all unnecessary
servile work on Sundays and holy
days of obligation. Artistic work,
and that which may come under the
head of so-called "fancy work," is not
forbidden. In this connection it
should be remembered that the ques
tion as to whether a person is to re
ceive money or not for such work is
entirely immaterial.
NEW COLLEGE CHAPEL
SACRED EDIFICE
RECENTLY
ERECTED ON ST. THOMAS COL­
LEGE GROUNDS COLLEGIATE
CHAPEL IS BEING FURNISHED.
Although the new chapel has yet
only the bare essentials for the serv
ices of the Church, it is already mak
ing the spell of its presence felt in the
richer devotional life of the College
of St. Thomas in St. Paul. Temporary
altars have been installed, and the in
spiring spectacle of nine Masses pro
ceeding simultaneously twice each
morning has already grown familiar
to the students. The new pews are in
place, telling by their simplicity and
elegance of the furniture that will
complete the beauty and the useful
ness of the lovely chapel.
The plans of the high altar are
ready, but owing to the difficulty of
securing Italian marbles some months
must elapse before it will rise in its
beauty in the stately sanctuary. The
pipe-organ is under construction—a
fine instrument manufactured by one
of the best firms in the country. Light
ing fixtures will be in place at the end
of February, and the sanctuary lamp,
—a work of special design—will soon
be swinging from the sanctuary arch.
Two stained glass windows, for which
donations have been received, are be
ing planned. They will form a part
of a series of windows depicting
scenes from the life of our Lord, which
will be installed according as funds
arc available for the work. A -set of
stations carefully chosen will add a
last touch of beauty and devotion to
the chapel. Until some pious soul,
with love for the most touching of all
devotions, will adorn the walls with
scenes of the Passion, simple crosses
must do duty for the stations.
When the new St. Thomas chapel
will be completely equipped with al
tars and windows and stations, it
will yield to no church in the diocese
in its beautiful and devotional aspect.
It is a matter of much pride to the
college that the first contribution
made towards furnishing the chapel
was a donation of fifteen hundred dol
lars made by the student body.
FROM LUTHER TO PAN
PAGANISM BEING PREACHED BY
GERMAN PROTESTANTS.
Seme interesting facts are being
disclosed to show the weakening of
Protestant belief in Germany. Thir
teen years ago there were twenty-two
chairs of theology in the German
universities. Today only two remain
—the two least important. At Col
ogne, Dr. Jatho, a well-known Prot
estant divine, preaches paganism
unadorned. Pastor Muritz baptizes
"in the name of progress and evolu
tion." After the negation of dogma
comes contempt for the Decalogue.
Pastor Malmann has recently de
clared that no moral laws exist and
has openly attacked the T£n Com
mandments. And he and others go
unrebuked.
GOVERNMENT IN RUSSIA
ERA OF SOCIALISM DAWftS—BOL-
SHEVIKI PEIZE CHURCHES
—RADICAL LAWS.
The Russian Bolsheviki are prov
ing themselves true disciples of Marx
and Engel in their warfare on relig
ion. The Russian Orthodox church
is now feeling the severity of Bol
sheviki rule. "The soviet issued a de
cree this week, signed by Nikolai Len
ine and other members of the defacto
government, absolutely separating
the church and the state, eliminating
church income from the state and
confiscating all church realty, fur
nishings and paraphernalia. The de
cree stipulates that religious soci
eties may continue to use the property
exclusively for religious services, al
though the title is vested in the state..
Religious freedom is guaranteed stii
long, as religious societies do not in
terfere with social order, limit the,
rights of individuals or hinder the
republic. No religious scruples are
to exempt persons from their duties
as citizens. The religious oath is
cancelled and replaced by promise.
Marriage ceremonies and birth
registrations arc to be performed by
tile civil authorities. Religious teach
ing is abolished in state schools and
in private schools with a similar cur
riculum.
No state assistance will be given ta
any /^church, .society of: relt-ious
agent. No religious society wi'l be
permitted to own any property, twit
J&4U .merely bo permitted to hqi'iov,
BUILDINGS SECURED FOR RECRE
ATIONAL PURPOSES AND FIT
TED UP FOR SOLDIERS—THE
It must be remembered that some
time elapsed after the arrival of the
chaplains in France before they were
assigned to their missions. This de
lay was caused by the fact that it re
quired no little time before authoriza
tion of the work was secured from
General Pershing by Walter N. Ker
man, Knights of Columbus commis
sioner with the overseas army. That
permission once given, the question of
suitable buildings also presented it
self, and the chaplains were sent in
different directions under instructions
to find such quarters as might be
available, and there, in the name of
the Knights of Columbus, as the rep
resentatives of the Catholics of this
country, to minister to the social and
religious needs of American soldiers,
on the same basis that the Knights of
Columbus are conducting their wel
fare work in the camps of this
country.
Quarters Difficult to Find.
It is no small task to find such
quarters in France at present, for as
has been pointed out before, every
building, every cowshed, in fact, is be
ing used for military purposes, and
the shortage of labor has made it im
possible for new buildings to be erect
ed or for old ones to be repaired.
It is then with great gratification,
that the Knights of Columbus Com
mittee on War Activities has received
from the Paris headquarters of the
chaplains news showing that they have
been able to secure temporary ac
commodations which have met with
the favor of the American soldiers,
and where they are conducting the
splendid work which is in itself an
apostolic mission.
The Rev. G. C. Van Gotlien, for
merly a parish priest at Nogales, N.
M., who, in following his priestly
duties became entangled in some in
teresting and exciting adventures at
the time when the Pershing forces
made their expedition into Mexico, is
one of the men now on duty in France
as a Knights of Columbus auxiliary
chaplain. In a letter sent under date
of December 23 to the Paris head
quarters of the Knights of Columbus
Committee on War Activities, and for
warded to the Washington office of
the committee, Father Van Gotlien
tells of some of the work he is doing.
"By the circular I herewith en
close," he writes, "you will see that
I am at it and bound to succeed. The
boys are enthusiastic about the open
ing of the Knights of Columbus hall,
which now looks very cozy and will
be attractive. The (deleted by cen
sor) boys who are numerous, begged
to, have Mass and English sermon on
Christmas, so that I have made the
necessary changes in my program to
autisfy them.
AW Are Welcome.
"On the large red, white and blue
sign above the door of our Knights of
Columbus hut, I have the Words: 'All
are welcome,' and on a small notice
on the door I have: 'Our non-Cath
olic brethren, as well as Catholics, are
MGR. GUTHLIN DEAD
NOTED CANONIST AND DIPLOMAT
PASSES AWAY.
1917 has seen the last of one well
known figure in the diplomacy of the
last quarter of a century, Mgr. Guth
lin, whose funeral took place on De
cember 31 at the national French
church of St. Louis, in Rome. He was
the Canonist of the French embassy to
the Holy See until the interruption of
diplomatic relations in 1904. Mgr!
Guthlin was an Alsatian "by birth and
had shared in all the sorrows of his
country. He studied at the famous
old college of Colmar—which has
within the last two years been suc
cessively taken and re-taken by
French and Germans,—then at the
Seminary of Strassburg, where his
uncle, of the same name, who took
part in the Vatican Council, was* then
professor. He was a canonist and au
thor of distinction.
He had also been the recipient of
several valuable decorations a gold
medal from the Papacy for heroic
conduct on a field of battle, several
university degrees, the French Cross
of the Legion of Honor, and the Rus
sian Order of St. Stanislaus.
i i-i
The Oldest Vincentian
i
The oldest member of the Society
of Saint Vincent de Paul in the Unit
ed States is John T. Gibbons of New
Orleans, who is a brother of Cardinal
Gibbons. He joined about the year
1857.
Give Part of Profits
By arrangements between Supreme
Knight Flaherty and the president of
the United Cigar Stores, the latter has
agreed that on Thursday, February
14^ five per cent of the gross receipts
of the 1,200 stores operated in 400
cities in the United States by this
company, (shall he jdj ven to the Knight*
olumhus war.ffilnao load. ...
ui^olumhug war. ffilmo
K. OF C. CHAPLAINS IN FRANCE
WORK OF OUR CHAPLAINS IN
FRANCE SEVEN CHAPLAINS
MAINTAINED BY KNIGHTS.
Seven auxiliary chaplains, under the
auspices of the Knights of Columbus,
are now at work in France. This num
ber is, of course, insufficient for the
vast amount of work that has pre
sented itself in the foreign field, and
more American priests will be sent
abroad at the earliest opportunity.
That splendid results are being ob
tained by those pioneers who are al
ready on the ground, is an indisput
able fact, and the Knights of Colum
bus Committee on War Activities feels
that these chaplains have begun a
work which will reflect with great
credit upon American Catholicity.
THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, FEBRUARY 16. 1918
cordially invited and always welcome.
One need not be a Knight of Colum
bus. Wearing a United States uni
form entitles you to all privileges.'
"I obtained liberty for the boys who
wished to attend midnight Mass, the
authorities being perfectly kind and
obliging in this matter.
"The flowers, flags and literature
have arrived and I am exceedingly
grateful to you for your kind and
prompt work. The grafonola is a won
der and is going to be the, chief at
traction of our first days. I will be at
the hall da'ly—afternoon and even
ing—and will do all I can to make
the work a success. It may be that I
will have in operation the first hut
of the Knights of Columbus en
deavors."
In a second letter, written Decem
ber 28, Father Van Gotlien speaks of
the opening of his building and of the
enthusiasm of the soldiers. "The
games are on the tables,"-he writes,
"together with reading and writing
matter. We are now preparing an
old-fashioned American smoker and
negro minstrel show, to be given at
the hut Friday, January 4, which will
no doubt be a grand success. The
authorities kindly give us their best
support and assistance with auto
trucks for bringing the boys from the
farthest camps.
"We are handicapped somewhat by
the raw weather, but I am daily at
my post in the Knights of -Colunibus
hut afternoons and evenings. What
will give you a fair idea of the Knights
of Columbus work in my case, and
that the boys are interested, is the
fact that at (deleted by censor) and at
(deleted by censor) I sat nine and a
half hours in the confessional on
Christmas eve and Christmas morn
ing. Our boys have edified both par
ishes."
^fclub House Rented.
A report has also been received
concerning the work of the Rev. Jos
eph M. Blais, formerly of Bedford,
N. Y. A representative of the Knights
of Columbus Committee on War Activ
ities writes from the Paris office:: "I
went to see Father Blais bright and
early the day after Christmas
and we had a two hours' talk, and
next morning we went to the house
which he has rented.
"It fronts on the river and the sun
pours in the front windows. There
are four bedrooms on the ground floor
of fairly good size, four bedrooms on
the second floor, one of which is to
be occupied by the French Liason of
ficer—which is most diplomatic
move on Father Blais' part, and a
great advantage—and a very good at
tic /where the boys can have wrestling,
boxing and medicine ball during bad
weather. Back of the house there i s
a large stone terrace and a beautiful
garden where they can have all sorts
of games during the summer.
"There is no such thing in (deleted
by censor) as the chance for either
officers or men to take a bath.. Out
at the camp even drinking water is
scarce, so Father Blais has a fine idea
of two shower baths in the corner of
the garden which is sheltered by
shrubs and trees.
"There is work enough for ten
men. Of course, it is difficult for Fa
ther Blais to divide up his time so
that he covers the religious grounds
he should and still keep the cluli open
evenings and on Saturdays and Sun
days. Christmas eve he heard confes
sions for four hours and had three
Masses Christmas morning. Christ
mas afternoon he heard confessions
for five hours out on one of the trans
port ships which had not been un
loaded and went out there early the
next, morning to cclebrate Mass."
Thus it will be seen that the great
work abroad has begun. The Catho
lics of this country have reason to be
proud of the results, and, this work
will be continued on a scale which
promises to eclipse that upon which
the welfare work in the American
camps has rested.
Abbot Conrad is 111
Abbot Frowen Conrad of Concep
tion (Mo.) Abbey is critically ill in
the Abbey, and his recovery is doubt
ful. The last Sacraments of the
Church have been administered to
him in preparation for death. Abbot
Conrad was born in Switzerland in
1833, and went to Conception in 1S7S,
when he founded Conception Abbey
and Conception College.
CATHOLICS IN WAR
A NON-CATHOLIC PAPER SHOWS
THAT THE PART PLAYED BY
THE CHURCH IS FAIR—IMPAR­
TIALITY OF HOLY FATHER*
A recent issue of The Voice, a Win
nipeg Labor paper, contained the fol
lowing editorial protesting against
the work of the mendacious bigots
who charge the Catholic Church with
favoring the cause of Germany, and
pointing to "the broad facts of thfc
great war, facts which are patont, and
plain to everybody," and which show
the utter folly of the accusation, The
Voice says:
/. Both politics and religion make
strange bedfellows, sometimes, but
more often they excite rancorous ani
mosities. There is no charge which
a politician more dearly loves to hurl
at some one who differ? from him
than to assert that the latter is un
patriotic. Similarly, a religious bigot
is not slow to charge a Church with
which he is not in sympathy with be
ing unpatriotic and disloyal.
For some time, in certain Protes
tant circles, and in certain papers
which cater to the bigoted element of
Protestantism, there have been veiled
allegations that the Pope and the Ro
man Catholic Church are in league
with the Kaiser.
In regard to the Roman Catholic
Church the broad facts of the great
war, facts which are patent and plain
to everybody^ make the ill-natured
charge?! nf
cnme
bigoted Protectants
-i^eem utterly ground
1
ess, The_ arilB
If II II
great drive in the war was made by
Protestant Prussia, the cradle of the
Reformation, and the first heroic
stand against that on-sweeping force
of Lutherans was made by the Roman
Catholic Belgians. Then Roman
Catholic France went to the aid of
Belgium. It was not very long be
fore country after country became in
volved in the mighty conflict, and the
alignment in every case was purely
political. On the one hand Ave now
see Protestant Germany, Roman
Catholic Austria, and Mohammedan
Turkey. On the other hand Roman
Catholic Belgium, France, italy, Portu
gal, and, so far as sympathy and mor
al support are concerned, several Ro
man Catholic countries in South
America together with Protestant
Britain and the United States.
There is talk of Sweden, a Protes
tant country, getting into the war.
If she does she is considered a likely
ally of Germany. She has been sus
pected of strong sympathies in that
direction.
In the face of these facts it is cer
tainly a bold man who will say that
the Roman Catholics are on the side
of Germany, or that the Pope would
sacrifice the interests of numerous
Roman Catholic countries for the
sake of Austria,
In Canada there have been most
fervid patriotic utterances from the
Roman Catholic bishops, Sinnot of
Winnipeg, and Fallon of London,
Ont. Not content with criticizing the
French Canadians for their attitude,
an attitude which has been encour
aged by political leaders in Canada
for nearly twenty years, the ultra
Protestant bigots demand the con
demnation of the whole Roman Cath
olic Church.
How absurd such statements are
will be understood when it is remem
bered that if it had not been for Ro
man Catholics the Germans would
have triumphed in the first months
of the war. It was the heroism of
the Catholic Belgians which held
back the great Prussian (and Luth
eran) army long enough for the En
tente Allies to gather together a re
sisting force and save Paris. The
Belgians did this at the cost of un
told sacrifice and almost absolute
national suicide. But the heart of
bigotry can appreciate nothing for
long which is to the credit of the ana
thematized.
The Voice holds no brief for the
Roman Catholic or any other Church,
but it likes to see common fairness
all 'round. If the voices of the back
biters in certain circles could be
heard all around the world, and if
they were taken seriously, irreparable
harm would be done to the cause of
the Entente Allies.
FL0WERSJ)F LIBERTY
THE GRAVES OF OUR FIRST
HEROES IN FRANCE.
The Rev. S. Koralevski of Immacu
late Conception Church, South Chica
go, appointed chaplain, recently de
livered a touching and patriotic ser
mon in which he said:
After dinner I left the trenches
and made a pilgrimage to the graves
of the first Americans to fall on a
battlefield in France. The village
where they lie is a cluster of square,
fortresslike farm buildings, somber
and untidy, with manure piles under
the front windows all along the single
street. There was nothing, apparent
ly, to distinguish it from hundreds
of other Lorraine villages. If you
were unaware of the American graves
there you would never see them-
At one end of the village behind
the first farm building a treeless
pasture slopes southward, inclosed by
a high strong wall. In the farthest
corner of this pasture and almost lost
in its green immensity are the graves
of some forty French soldiers killed
in 1914. Not twenty paces away, in
a single row, close under the dark
wall, are the graves of eleven Amer
icans killed last month.
My emotions as I stood before these
first American graves in this lonely,
place, almost within rifle shot of the
German frontier, were confused and
hardly definable. I looked from the
French tombs to the American. These
French graves were three years old
and some of the mounds under which
the Americans lay were barely a
week old. Over, each of the Ameri
can graves arose & big cross .of pine
logs.
I walked slowly along the little
row of graves. On a small board
was each soldier's name and regi
ment painted in crude black letters.
The "n's" were all upside down. I
deciphered the names: Thomas ,F.
Enright, Merle. D. Hay, James B.
Gresham, Stanley Janovicz, John F.
Czajke, Abraham Meadows, Earl E.
Aurand, Peter WojtaleAvicz, Harry
Meyers, Charles Rismiller and Harry
L. Miller.
THE BISHOP OF UKRAINE
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF RIGHT
REV.
LEON
IDAS THEOSOROFF,
CONVERT FROM THE RUSSIAN
SCHISM IS
THIRTY-EIGHT
YEARS OF AGE.
Rev. Vladimir Petrivsky, pastor of
St. Josaphat'a Ruthenian Greek
Catholic cliurcli, Frankford," Pa.,
writes, in reference to the recent con
secration of Bishop Theodoroff by the
Most Rev. Metropolitan of the Uni
ates. Count Andrew Szeptycky:
As a personal friend of the Rt. Rev.
Leonidas Theodoroff, or in Russian
Fiodoroff, I am able to give a few
details concerning the new Bishop of
Ukraine. The Bishop ip a convert
from the Russian schism. He joined
the Catholic Church in 1906, when
Archbishop Szeptycky, after long ne
gotiations betwen the Apostolic See
and the Russian Government went to
Russian in order to investigate the
validity of the ordinations of the schis
matic sect of the SLaroviercy, or Old
Faith, which is the least opposed to
the Catholic Cnurch. Many converts
from this sect have joined the Catho
lic Church, thanks jtQ. Ihe grace M.
God and the endeavors of-Archbishop
Szeptycky and the late Bishop Ortyn
ski. Archbishops Szeptycky traveled
throughout Russia and brought back
into the Church a very great number
of persons belonging to the highest
Russian aristocracy.
Among the converts in Petrograd
was the sister of the former Russian
^V'ar Minister, Sazonoff, who is a near
relative of Bishop Fiodoroff. Miss
Sazonoff built, at her own expense on
St. Basil's Island, in Petrograd, a
Catholic church for the Slavonian rite,
of which the Rev. Alexander Ivano
vitch Dayjbner was appointed pas
tor. In 1913 this zealous priest was
arrested and exiled by the Russian
Government, but he ha_3 returned to
his flock.
Bishop Fiodoroff w%s born fn 18$0
and was twenty-six years old when
Archbishop Szeptycky met him. As
the young man was himself a mem
ber of an old aristocratic family, he
was interested in the new conversions
and soon fell under the influence of
Archbishop Szeptycky, Fiodoroff join
ed the Church in 1906. He finished
his theological studies in 1909, in
Rome, in the Gregorian and there we
became friends. Having been ordain
ed, he entered, in 1910, the old Greek
order of the Studites, which was
founded in the fifth century in Con
stantinople. This order resembles the
Trappists in the severity of its ob
servance.
At present Bishop Fiodoroff is thir
ty-eight years Old and is a man of
great talents and holiness of life. He
possesses profound historical knowl
edge, and notwithstanding his com
parative youth, a wide experience. In
his external appearance he is a strik
ing contrast to the Bishop who or
dained him. Archbishop Szeptycky
is a giant, over seven feet tall the
new Bishop of Ukraine resembles a
young Sicilian altar boy, with delicate
figure, dark hair -and angel-like
features.'
Catholic Appoints Methodist
MAYOR HYLAN NAMES NEW COM
MISSIONER OF CHARITIES.
Mayor Hylan of New York has ap
pointed Mr. Bird S. Coler commis
sioner of charities to succeed Mr.
John A. Kingsbury, who, during May
or Mitchel's administration, started
the odious charities' investigation.
Mr. Coler, who is a Methodist, has
repeatedly expressed his appreciation
of the efficiency work accomplished
by Catholic institutions, and the lat
ter are assured a square deal during
his term in office. The passing from
office of Mr. Kingsbury, evokes recol
lections, still fresh, of-the great char
ities controversy in New York City,
which began in the spring of 1916 and
finally ended in the month of Sep
tember of that same year to the dis
grace of the accusers.
LOOT FROM MEXICO
STOLEN
PICTURES ARE
SOLD'SY
GOVERNMENT.
A squalid and pitiful .sequel to the
looting of Mexican churches was wit
nessed in the custom house at San An
tonio, Texas, last week, when a num
ber of religious paintings, stolen by
bandits and later seized by the United
States custom officers, were disposed
of, by public auction. One painting,
said to be copied after Rubens,
brought $150. The other five were
auctioned off for sums ranging from
$10 to $6.r, the latter being paitt for a
beautiful painting of the Blessed Vir
gin supposed ta have been painted by
a Spanish artist in 1642. The sale
realized $287 in all.
We do. not know what particular
church was despoiled of these pic
tures the. net pecuniary result of the
sacrilegious robbery was not a cent to
the robber, and a pitiful sum to the
United States government.
I I
Women Protect Travelers
PITTSBURGH SOCIETY JblNS NA
TIONAL AID ORGANIZATION.
The Catholic Women's League of
Pittsburg, has been actively engaged
in Travelers' Aid work since 1910.
The work of protection of women and
girls. at railway stations has been
taken, up in all large cities by Catho
lic and sectarian organizations, and
the need for, a national organization to
serve as a medium for co-operation be
tween these agencies was apparent.
Hence, tsvo years, ago, the National
Travelers' Aid Society was organized,
which, upon invifatipn, the Catholic
Woman's League has willingly joined.
To aid in the development, improve
ment and unification of the work, a
national badge and stamp have been
patented to be used by those organiza
tions who have, affiliated with the na
tional body.
CHURCH IN MEXICO
DIPLOMAT DENIES THAT THE
CHURCH HAS MIXED IN POLI
TICS—HENRY LANE WILSON
BRANDS AS LIES STORIES CIRCU
LATED BY THE AGENTS OF CAR
RANZA.
Henry Lane Wilson, former ambas
sador to Mexico, who knows what
is talking about, says the Church there
did not mix in politics, contrary to
what the Carranza press agents her*
are lying about. He says:
"What the Roman Catholic Church
accomplished in Mexico prior to th^
time of Juar^? and Diaz is a matter
of history the story, of its work and
the persecutions which it has suffered
since that time is not so well, known
It is unnecessary to recite the story
of- the spoliation- and confiscation of
the Church properties or how the
Church, from a position of proud pre
eminence, came to be an object of
political attack and unjust aspersion.
"Without lands, without temples
I
COMPLETE LINE OF
I S
SMOKE0
AND SALT
Fresh and Frozen Fish
Salmon Pike
Halibut Pickerel
Sable Fish White Fish
Lake Superior Herring
s Write or call for our Prices
TERN FISH & OYSTER CO.
16 East Third St., ST. PAUL
save by sufferance, without revenues,
it began for a second time the work
of reconstructing its system and or
ganisation. During the long period of
control by Porfirio Diaz the Church
slowly but surely grew and prospered,
and its influence for good among the
poorer classes especially, in central
and southern Mexico, was most
marked.
"During the time of my service in
Mexico I cannot recall a single in
stance of interference in the politics
of the country by the Roman Cath
olic Church. There was, it is true, a
Roman Catholic political party, but it
was not formidable nor well organized.
Naturally, the clergy favored this or
ganization, but net actively. As a rule,
the,Roman Catholic clergy of Mexico
were quite content if they were left
alone and permitted to peaceably pur
sue their religious duties.
"The Madero administration was
hostile to the Roman Catholic Church,
though I believe there was no persecu
tion by the government during his
time. The present Carranza govern
ment, inheriting all of the evil and
none of the good of the Madero ad
ministration, has opened a pitiless war
on the Roman Catholic Church which
amounts to a practical denial of the
practice of religious liberty. So far as
my observation goes, the Roman Cath
olic Church in Mexico desires nothing
more than religious liberty and equal
ity before the law."
Citation lix. of KInal Account.
STATE OP MINNESOTA. COUNTY OF
11a.in.sey. ss. In Probate Court.
In thp Matter of the Estate of William
C. Doble, Decedent.
The State of Minnesota to
All
Whom
It May Concern:
On reading and filing1 Hie petition of
the representative- of said estate, pray
ing that the Court fix a. time and pla''"
for examining, adjusting1 and allowing
his Final Account, and for the assign
ment of the residue of said estate to
the persons thereto entitled:
It Is Ordered. That said petition be
heard and that all persons interested
in said matter bo cited and required to
appear before this Court, on Monday,
the 4th day of March. 1 18 at 10 o'clock
A. M., or as soon thereafter as said
matter can be heard, at the Probate
Court Rooms in the Court House in
the City of St. Paul, in said County,
and show cause, if any they have, why
said petition should not lie granted and
that this citation be served by publica
tion thereof in The Catholic Bulletiiy,
according to law, and by mailing a
copy of thfs citation at least 14 days
before said day of hearing, to each of
the heirs, devisees and legatees of said
decedent whose names and addresses
appear from the liles of this Court.
Witness the Judge of said Court this
2nd day of February. A. 1. 1918.
E. W. BAZIL.1,13.
Judge of Probate.
(Seal of Probate Court.)
Attest: F. W. Gosewisch,
Cl«rk of Probate.
O'Brien, Young, Stone & Horn, Attys.
ItKAD "Newly wed's Companion":
months Iflc good stories: money-mak
ing opportunities: 24 large pages.
Companion Publisher, 4368 Cook, St.
Louis, Mo.
WANTED—Position in a Catholic
community for the year 1918-1919, by
teacher of five years' experience.
Specialties: English, Latin, History.
References. Address 11. R.t Care of
The Catholic Bulletin.
POSITION WANTED Practical
ntirse would like the care of an in
valid or elderly person. Will also
help with house work. Address M. J,,
care The Catholic Bulletin.
WANTED—Position as housekeep
er for a priest in a large city. Good
cook and housekeeper. Can give the
best of reference. Address: "X"' Care
of Catholic Bulletin.
WANTED—Position as housekeep
er for a priest. 8ood cook and house
keeper. Modern home. Address, "P.
M.," Care The Catholic Bulletin.
WANTED—By middle-aged woman
position as housekeeper for a priest.
Good cook. Experienced, Address,
"M. S." care The Catholic Bulletin.
"SEEING IS
RELIEVING"
This is an old adage, somewhat
distorted, but it still remains true
that many people will not believe
what glasses can do for them
until they have had a pair ac
curately adjusted and experienced
the relief of seeing through them
proper'y.
flRTti(iRFWlLLIM5
TbeOptiCdl Shop
57 East Fifth Street
TheSHUBERTi
Week of February 20th
THE SHUBERT STOCK CO.
IN
Maii
Amusing Comedy
in Three Acts
MATINEE SUNDAY

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