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KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS TO LAUNCH GREAT EDUCATIONAL WORK —MEETING OF EDUCA- After fourteen years service as teacher of music, language, philoso phy and theology, his many requests for retirement were at last granted. Separate schools in rich profusion for boys and girls under fathers and Sis Dr. Ryan on CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY PROFES SOR OUTLINES WORK OF CHAR ITABLE ORGANIZATIONS—DIF K. OF C. NEW PLAN TORS TO BE HELD IN NEW YORK ON JULY 27. Calling on leading educational ex perts from all parts of the country to formulate a nation-wide program of educational activity, the Knights of Columbus, through a committee of the Board of Directors which met in New York last Tuesday, launched what is planned to be the greatest Catholic lay educational activity ever undertaken in this country. The men so far invited to discuss and formulate this program include some of the best known educators in the country. James Byrne of Now York, Regent of the University of the State of New York Arthur Somers. former President of the New York City Board of Education, and Rev. John J. Wynne, S. J., Editor of the Catholic Encyclopedia are the New York men invited lo the K. of C. con ference on education. Others are Jo seph Scott, former President of the Los Angeles Board of Education Michael J. Downey, member of the Massachusetts State Board of Educa tion, Director of Boston Night Schools and Professor of Americanization at Johns Hopkins University Edward D. Devine, President of the Detroit Board of Education, and Rev. Dr. Edward A. Pace, Director of Studies at the Cath olic University of America, D. C. On July 27 these men will hold a NOTED SYRIAN PRELATE PASSED AWAY IN MARSEILLES, FRANCE —HAD BEEN SENTENCED TO DEATH BY TURKS. The news has been confirmed of the death in Marseilles, France, of Most Reverend Atlianasius Sawaya, Archbishop of Beyrouth and Giber'i ia.#?yria. He was born its. 187-. For well nigh 25 years the name of Athanasius Sawaya in Syria has stood as a synonyip for personal •worth and efficiency. Whilst still a deacon, his Order, that of St. Basil, elected him head of the Seminary of St. John the Baptist, Mr. Lebanon, where his gifts of mind and soul found ample play. Tall and scholarly in ap pearance, he was a fine type of the culture of the Orient. Cheerful, pa tient and active, considerate and help ful, it was always Athanasius Sawaya with his countrymen. FERENCE BETWEEN MERE PHILANTHROPY AND CHARITY BASED ON LOVE OF GOD—IM PORTANT CONSIDERATIONS FOR CATHOLIC SOCIAL WORKERS. Reverend John A. Ryan, D. D., of the Catholic University of America, Washington, D. C., spoke at a dinner given in his honor by the Minneap olis League of Catholic Women. Mon day evening, July 21, at seven o'clock His subject was The Progressive De velopment of Social Service. The Most Reverend Archbishop Dowling was unavoidably absent. The assem bly hall of the League where the din ner was given was filled to overflow ing with the guests and a number of tables were prepared in the cafeteria. Several priests of the Twin Cities were present. Very Reverend J. M. Cleary, dean of the Minneapolis clergy, said grace. The speaker of the even ing was introduced by Mrs. McGee, president of the League. Doctor Ryan reminded his hearers that the science of social service had developed to such an extent that indi viduals and societies engaged in social service were finding that they had to confine their energies more and more to one or another department of re lief work, or at most, to a few depart ments. The explanation of this de velopment, Father Ryan said, is that those charitably inclined, philanthrop ists, students of sociology, and others, have been studying social distress in its causes and when we begin study ing anything in its causes the pos sibilities of development are incalcul able. As to the Minneapolis League pf Catholic Tt Dm en who are earning on several lines of social relief work, their problem wias essentially the same as that of other siqiils*r organ izations engaged in works of charity, viz.: Shall we continue to support and develop all of these various en terprises for social relief OP shall we conference in New York at which famous national educators will advise them concerning the contemplated plan, which comprises a curriculum of technical and other studies for the GOO,000 members of the Knights of Columbus, and for others not mem bers of the organization who desire to take advantage of the courses to be offered. The aim will be to teach practical citizenship and to give young men executive, technical and cultural training that will combine to render their citizenship more effec tive. This is the general scheme, but the conference to be held during the entire week of July 27 will result in a concrete program for presentation to the Peace Convention of the Knights of Columbus, which will be held in Buffalo on August 5-6. The K. of C. committee in charge of this work comprises Supreme Knight James A. Flaherty of Phila delphia, Supreme Secretary William McGinley of New York and Supreme Advocate Joseph C. Pelletier of Bos ton. The Knights already maintain up wards of 250 university scholarships throughout the country and they are operating technical and law schools in several of the camps. This plan will be to render popular and prac tical supplementary education calcu lated to improve the lot of the aver age young man, which can be done through the 1,800 councils of the K. of C. The present scope of the idea is restricted to men, but it may be developed to include women. ARCHBISHOP SAWAYA DEAD ters, respectively, bear witness to his activity and zeal. At Alexandria, on his thirty-third birthday, he was consecrated Arch bishop. In 1912 he made a hurried visit of 20 days to New York city, in quest of the latest things in farm ma chinery. His trip to Paris four months prior to the great war in 1914, was to se cure means to erect a large orphan age. His patriotic stand and utter ances in defense of Syria, angered the Turkish government, which thereupon passed the death sentence of hang ing upon him—which he escaped by his refusal to return at the opening of the war. While sojourning in Mar seilles. France, in the spring of 1919, awaiting a ship to return to Syria, and with peace nearly concluded, he received fresh news from Syria, from his Vicar General, telling of his own sentence of imprisonment for three years, and the truly awful havoc of plague and famine, amongst his be loved clergy and people. This, coupled with the news of the even more terrible Turkish atrocities against his people, broke his heart, plunged him into his last sickness, and haste^ejd his end. Organized Charity concentrate on one or two. To answer this question wisely the women will have to take careful stock of those forms of distress in the city which require most attention, and calculate their own resources individually and as an organization, as well as the resources of the community. Doctor Ryan then discussed at con siderable length three topics of inter est to the student of social distress the boarding home for working girls, the settlement house, and the trained social worker. Regarding the boarding home for working girls, Doctor Ryan said there is some foundation for the complaint against the existence of such a home that it in effect subsidizes the com mercial enterprises that do not give their female employees a living wage. Yet he said there is a real need for such a home to take care of strangers in the city until they have found suit able employment and safe associa tions. And, too, if girls who actually do receive an insufficient wage, are not assisted by some such form of relief they become victims of the con ditions in which they are placed, crushed between the greed of the em ployer and the coldness of those who refuse to assist them. In this as in other phases of human activity w^ must often allow our kindness to com promise with the rigid principles of social science for the sake of the in dividual human beings. The settlement house holds possi bilities of the greatest benefits to the individual and to society, said Doctor Ryan. Here, whatever energies or time or money may be expended will bring rich returns. Unfortunately there are very few settlement houses, probably less than a dozen in America under Catholic auspices. That main tained by the Minneapolis League of Catholic Women is one of the most important and successful in the United States. Catholics are naturally con servative, and because the settlement hc^se is a new institution and because it has been used ip sotpp instances for proselytizing, Catholics do not take very readily to this very important (Continued on page 8) A. 0. H. ELECTION OF OFFICERS AND BAN QUET CLOSES MEETING ON COAST —MINNESOTAN CHOSEN TREASU£|R. Election of officers and a banquet at which Eamonn de Valera, "Presi dent of the Irish Republic," was the guest of honor, closed the national convention of the Ancient Order of Hibernians of the United States and Canada and its women's auxiliary on July 19, in San Francisco. Judge James E. Deery of Indian apolis was elected head of the Hiber nians, succeeding Joseph McLaugh lin, former congressman from Phila delphia. Mrs. Mary F. McWhorter of Chicaga was re-elected president of the women's auxiliary. Other Hibernians elected were: National vice president, Richard Dwyer, Boston vice president for Canada, Peter J. Doyle, Montreal secretary, John O'Dea, Philadelphia treasurer, John Sheehy, Montgomery, Minn. directors, William Boyle, San Francisco Joseph A. Daly, Washing ton John Y. McCarthy, Syracuse, N. Y. John J. O'Connor, Kansas City, and P. S. Sullivan, Portland, Ore. In addition to president, the women's auxiliary elected the follow ing: Vice president, Mrs. Adele Christie, Cleveland secretary, Mrs. Susan Mc Namee, Charlestown, Mass. treas urer, Miss Margaret McQuade, Pitts burgh director, Mrs. Mary Arthux-, Indianapolis. A resolution protesting against the League of Nations covenant because of provisions therein, alleged to be detrimental to a free and independent Ireland, was adopted by the auxiliary. "The brave and generous Irish peo ple who have struck a mighty blow for true democracy" were hailed in resolutions also adopted by the na tional convention. Socialism was condemned in other resolutions which received favorable action effoi'ts for the spread of Cath olic education were commended and devout reverence acknowledged to the Catholic Church and Pope Bene dict XV. Si ing^nt immigration laws were deprecated. Repeal by Congress of the "literary test" for immigrants was urged. KNIGHTSJILl MEET K. OF.C. PEACE CONVENTION TO BE BIGGEST IN ORDER'S HISTORY. The Peace Convention of the Knights of Columbus, to be held in Buffalo, N. Y., on August 5, 6, 7, will be the largest convention, from point of numbers and amount of business to be transacted, that the Knights of Columbus have held since their foun dation as a fraternal order over 37 years ago. Prominent men in the army, navy and civil life will address the conven tion, which will hold its first session in the K. of C. council building in Buffalo and then transfer the ses sions to the Statler Hotel there. Archbishop Hayes of New York has been invited to address the conven tion. Bishop Shahan, Rector of the Catholic University, will deliver the sermon at the High Mass, which pre cedes every K. of C. Supreme Coun cil meeting, and Bishop Turner of Buffalo will be the celebrant of the Mass. It is expected that over one thou sand knights from all parts of the United States, Canada, Newfoundland, Porto Rico, Cuba, Mexico and Panama will be present at the convention. Last year in New York city the Knights held their prophetic Victory Convention at the height of the .war, and this year their convention has been styled the Peace Convention to signalize the gradual transfer of the organization's energies from war re lief work to public work necessitated by the nation's return to a peace basjs, v. FATHER CIMIHO FRANCISCAN GENERAL COMING TO AMERICA. Very Rev Seraphine Cimino, O F. M„ general of the Franciscans, has left Rome for America, to make his canonical visitation of the Franciscan foundations throughout the country. His visitation, which has been de layed by the war, will take him to. more than 100 Franciscan monasteries and he will preside at the Provincial Chapter of the Santa Barbara" Prov ince of the Order. This is but the second time that a Franciscan general has come to Amer ica, the former occasion being the visit of Archbishop Schuler, about t&i years ago. SUPER! GENERAL DEAD News has been received of the death fn Paris of Father Le Dore, Superior General of the Congregation of Jesus and Mary (Eudists)., ST. PAUL, MINN., JULY 26, 1919 THE WELL KNOWN ST. LOUIS PRIEST SCORES AGAIN AS A MEDIATOR. So many times has it happened that now it scarcely causes comment when Father Timothy Dempsey of St. Louis, steps into the arena where em ployers and employees are in bitter conflict and, by his honest sympathy and strong sense of justice, brings matters to a peaceful issue. His latest successful efforts as me diator brought the Kinloch telephone strike to an end last week. The con tention on both sides seemed tpo de termined for an early settlement, but, after many conferences with the offi cials and ah earnest appeal to the strikers to go back to work, Father Dempsey succeeded in obtaining a unanimous vote for the acceptance of the final terms offered by the com pany. Until he took the stand and made his plea for an end of the strug gle there seemed to be much doubt in the strikers' minds as to wh^t fur ther steps they might take to enforce their demands. Thirteen other strikes owe their peaceful solution to Father Dempsey, WINS FOIJCMSIIIPS THIRTEEN-YEAR-OLD BOY SETS A RECORD. Joseph Russell Sherlock, of New York Qity, has made what is consid ered a most remarkable record in primary school circles. Although only thirteen years old Joseph, who is a pupil of the Sisters of Notre Dame in St. Joseph's school, captured four free scholarships in as many differ ent institutions in that city. One of these scholarships, which is looked Upon as the "blue ribbon" event in educational circles in New York, is that which entitled the winner to a free course of eight years' at Fordham University. fIVEMJfJF LILLE FAMOUS INSTITUTION ONCE MORE OPEN. The Catholic University of Lille, in Northern France, has again taken up its regular life. The library, which comprised nearly 250,000 volumes, has suffered little from the occupation, and generous gifts have more than compensated for the small losses. The university, knowing what war is, has offered two thousand of her choicest medical works to her mar tyred sister, the University of Lou vain, and is also reconstituting the library of the Diocesan Missionaries, destroyed during the evacuation of Cambrai. E ASSOCIATION OF PRIf^T^ TO MEET AT NOTRE DAME. For the first time in more than seven years the members of the Priests' Eucharistic League of the United States will meet in convention on August 5. 6 and 7 at Notre Dame University, Notre Dame, Ind., accord ing to an announcement made by the new President General, the Right Rev. Joseph Schrembs, D. D., Bishop of Toledo. The death of the saintly Bishop Maes, the late energetic pres ident general, and the turmoil of the great world war have been held re sponsible for the cessation of any public manifestation of the life of the league. TAAFFE RETIRES After forty-seven years of faithful ministry as Rector of the Church of St. Patrick, Brooklyn, the Right Rev. Mgr. Thomas Taaffe has resigned his charge and will become pastor eme ritus. He was ordained fifty-six years ago.,.- rt FATHER MAGKSEY DEAD NOTED AMERICAN^ J§§UIT D|£S ABROAD.' American Catholicism in Rome has suffered a great loss in the death of Rev. Charles Macksey, S. J., for many years professor at the Gregorian Uni versity. So well known and esteemed was this learned Jesuit, that the loss falls almost equally strong upon Ro man and all English-speaking circles in Rome. The Office of the Dea4 was chanted, and a low Mass of Requiem was of fered up July 14 in the chapel of the Gregorian University. The Solemn Requiem service in St. Ignatius' Church, custdmary for Gregorian pro fessors, has been deferred until No vember, because Rome is half empty BQW. «WMl FATHER W DEMPSEY TO LAV CORNERSTONEIGreat Catholic Sioux Congress MOST REVEREND ARCHBISHOP WILL OFFICIATE AT CERE MONY IN ST. ANDREW'S PARISH NEXT SUNDAY AFTERNOON. On Sunday afternoon, July 37, at 3:30 o'clock, the cornerstone of the new combination church and school of St. Andrew's parish will be solemnly laid by His Grace, Most Reverend Archbishop Dowling. The occasion will be the most memorable in the history of the parish, and a large gathering of clergy and laity is as sured. The new building is located at Van Slyke and Chatsworth streets. At the end of the ceremony Rev. C. F. McGinnis will deliver a brief ad dress, and will be followed by Hon. Lawrence C. Hodgson, Mayor of St. Paul. The Most Reverend Archbishop is expected to then give the discourse of the occasion. The new structure, which is about half completed, will be 98 feet in length, 70 feet in width, and 48 feet high. It will be of brick and re-inforc ed steel and concrete construction throughout, and will be furnished with every modern equipment and up-to date improvement. The chapel, to be used temporarily as a church, is somewhat below grade and is fifteen feet to the coiling. It will have a seating capacity of 830 persons. There is also a sub-basement twelve feet below the chapel. On the first floor there will be six class rooms, while the top floor will be devoted to all the purposes of an auditorium. Provision is made also on this floor for two extra class rooms when the need arises. The building will cost about $70,000, and is the munificent gift of Mr. Timothy Foley of St. Paul. The pastor is Rev. Thomas A. Prin ton. SISTER KILLED WHEN LIGHT NING STRIKES QUEBEC STRUCTURE. Lightning struck the 150-foot chim ney of the Beauport Convent, just outside the city of Quebec during a severe electric storm last Sunday, causing it to crash down upon the structure. Sister Sit. Prudence was killed instantly. The convent is in charge of the Sisters of Notre Dame, and has board ers and day scholars. DEW MB GENERAL WILL BE ELECTED BY THE SIS TERS OF THE HOLY CROSS. Semi-annual reception and investi ture of novices and the taking of vows in the Order of the Sisters of the Holy Cross will take place at St. Mary motherhouse, Notre Dame, Ind., on the Feast of the Assumption, Fri day morning, August 15. Right Rev. Bishop Alerding will preside at the reception and also celebrate Solemn Pontifical High Mass. Attended by the Right Rev. Bishop a special meeting will be held at which a new Mother General, suc ceeding Mother Perpetua who has served fourteen years, will be elected. New superiors and teachers will also be given their obediences. HONOR IRISH HERO REBUILT CONVENT WILL BE MA JOR REDMOND MEMORIAL. The fortune of war has overtaken the grave of Major William Redmond, who was laid to rest in the peaceful convent garden of Locre, Belgium. The offensive of March, 1918, turned that garden into a ruin, where Major Redmond's tomb is the only thing in tact amongst the wreckage. The poor nuns who gave the last hospitality to the great Irishman are themselves homeless now, and are only just beginning to return and camp in rough huts and the ruins. The grave itself was right inside a trench line, eventually held first-by French and then by Germans and yet it is intact. It is now proposed to help rebuild the convent as a fitting me morial to Major Redmond and one out of his own heart. Such a gift would also assure him the continued prayers of the Sisters. PRIESTS RISK LIVES Risking their lives in their zeal to save souls, the Rev. Alexander B. McKay, D. D., Rector of the Church of the Immaculate Conception, Phil adelphia, and the Revs. George E. Orr and Henry J. McFall, assistants at the same church, climbed about the debris of the fallen walls of the Pot tash Bros, warehouse, which collapsed last week during a fire, and admin istered the Sacraments to the dying firemen who were caught in the tan gled mass. V- CATHOLIC INDIAN^ GATHER FROM VARIOUS PARTS OF SOUTH DAKOTA TO PARTICI PATE IN RELIGIOUS AND SOCIAL O N V E N I O N O U I N SCENES AND CEREMONIES BISHOP LAWLER CONFIRMS LARGE CLASS—PINE RIDGE RESERVATION CHOSEN FOR NEXT YEAR'S CONGRESS. (Written for The Catholic Bulletin, by Rev. C. M. Weisenhorn, S. J.) The annual congress of the Catholic Sioux Indians of South Dakota took place this year, July 11-14, at Oak Creek, forty-two miles from St. Fran cis' Mission, Rosebud Agency, South Dakota. Four or five hundred tents were pitched about St. Peter's Church, and it is estimated that nearly three thousand persons, representatives from Rosebud, Pine Ridge, Lower Brule, Standing Rock, Yankton and Santee Reservations were present at the cele bration. An Indian Congress partakes of the nature of a business and social convention and of a peoples' mission as well. It can be said without hesi tation that the Congress of this year, like those of other years, was suc cessful in every respect. Religious Services. The mornings were given over almost entirely to religious services. There were Masses in the church from 5:30 to 7 o'clock, during which hun dreds approached the Holy Table with a childlike reverence and devotion. In the evenings six missionaries were kept busy until near midnight, hearing confessions in the church and about the camp, whilst catechists stood be fore the church door or went about the grounds exhorting all in a loud voice to come to receive the sacra ment of penance. The church was far too small to accommodate the crowds, so a large bower made of branches of trees had been erected, after the fashion of the Indians, as a shelter for the more solemn religious exer cises and for the business sessions of the day. At one end of this bower a temporary altar had been set up at the other was the official entrance through which, according to Indian etiquette, every one who wished to be present, must enter and leave. Here there was a special Mass with sermon every morning at nine o'clock, during which the Indians joined heart ily in the congregational singing of hymns in their own tongue. The ser mons were preached in Dakota by Rev. Eugene Buechel, S. J., Superior of St. Francis Mission, Rev. Henry Grote geers, S. J., Superior of Holy Rosary Mission, Pine Ridge, S. D., Rev. P. F. Sialm, S. J. and Rev. Henry Grothe, S. J., missionaries in charge of the district. All these Fathers are known for their skill in the pulpit, especially before Indian audiences, nor did they detract from their reputation on this occasion. Opening Congress. The solemn opening of the Congress on July 11 was enhanced by the presence of distinguished visitors in the persons of Right Rev. William H. Ketcham, President of the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions, the Right Rev. Thomas S. Lee, pastor of St. Matthew's Church, Washington, D. C., and a great-grandson of Charles Car roll of Carrollton, and Rev. Sylvester Molony, pastor of St. Lawrence's Church, Chicago, Illinois. After the Mass Monsignor Ketcham, or "Watching Eagle," as he is affec tionately styled among the Sioux, arose to express the pleasure that he and other visitors experienced in being present at this magnificent gathering of Catholic Indians. He reminded the Dakotas of the almost unexampled progress they had made during the few years that Catholic missionaries had been permitted to work among them, congratulated them on their co operation, and urged them to unity and increased fervor that soon there might be but one Fold and one Shep herd. Then followed the impressive cere mony of official welcome. All visitors, white and Indian alike, passed in single file about the bower and shook hands with every Indian present, the men on one side and the women on the other. This over, they returned to their places and stood to receive a hearty handshake of welcome from each Indian as he passed. The native dignity and deep sincerity of the Red Man on occasions of this kind is a pleasant surprise to strangers uninit iated into the mysteries of Indian cus toms and manners. Yet they are no more than a true expression of a char acter which, with all its flaws, has been sadly unappreciated and even slandered by superficial whites who, because of their hostile attitude, were never granted intimate acquaintance with the Indian and were incapable of judging him aright. The ceremony of handshaking lasted for an hour or more, yet no one of those present but would have regretted missing that sol emn manifestation of hospitality. The afternoon and evening ot each day Y/ere ta^en up with business meet ings in tlic grand arbor before the ftiflV Number 30 altar. One after another of the dele gates took the floor and reported what had been done during the past year in his particular neighborhood and what was planned for the future. The In dian is a born orator. In the course of these gatherings many an earnest and enthusiastic speech was made on education and the schools, as well as on other pertinent religious and social topics to a numerous throng, who lis tened to each of the speakers with un abated interest and repeated exclam ations of "Hauh," "hauh," expressive of their approval. The presiding officer of the business sessions was Mr. Andrew Night Pipe, a fervent convert to Catholicism and President of the entire Congress. It would require a separate article to give an adequate account of the self sacrificing zeal and energy of Mr. Night Pipe and his able associates, Secretaries of the Congress, Mr. Wil liam Flood and Mr. Louis Mousseau. Mr. Flood was one of the first gradu ates of St. Francis Mission School and one, too, of whom his alma mater has always had reason to feel proud. Mr. Mousseau is an earnest and successful catechist, ever ready to help where help is needed. These men together with Other catechists worked earnestly and effectively for the success of the Congress. Bishop Lawler Confirms. Sunday morning, July 13, Monsignor Ketcham assisted by two Benedictine missionaries, Fathers Vincent Freeh and Sylvester Eisenmann, sang sol emn High Mass in the open air, in the presence of the Right Rev. J. J. Lawler, Bishop of Lead, and a great concourse of people. After Mass the Bishop administered the sacrament of Confirmation to a class of ninety-four, most of whom were adult converts. It was a consoling sight to see these veterans of the plains kneeling in all humility and reverence to be strength ened and enlightened by the grace of the Holy Spirit. The Bishop addressed the newly confirmed in his own ener getic manner and exhorted them to prove themselves true soldiers of Christ by enduring all for His sake. Any one who still believes that the Indian is incapable of the highest civilization, need only attend one of these congresses to see for himself what the Red Man can accomplish. Here will he find solid Christian virtue and religious fervor, faith, devotion, fortitude, humility and a generous hos pitality. The Congress of this year was no exception, as all who were fortunate enough to be present can testify. One notable example of Indian hospitality deserves to be put on rec ord. Whilst the missionaries them selves preferred to dwell in tents among their own people, they were desirous of securing more suitable liv ing quarters for visitors from a dis tance. Three Protestant families had neat residences in the immediate neighborhood of the camp. These they turned over to the authorities of the Congress for the use of visitors, and they themselves lived in tents for a week. Needless to say their kindness was deeply appreciated by all who profited by it. Touching 8cenes. Many a scene of the Congress, touch ing and sublime in its simplicity, will long be fresh in the memories of those who were present. There was, for example, the recep tion of the Right Reverend Bishop. The clergy in automobiles were met near the camp by a long line of Sioux braves mounted on horseback, who brought up the rear of the procession as it advanced toward the camp. From the entrance to the grounds to the arbor, ranged in two parallel lines, the men on one side and the women on the other knelt between nearly a thousand Indians, awaiting in humble silence the coming of their Father and Spiritual Guide. As the Bishop approached, the peal of church bells, mingled with hymns of welcome, rang out over the prairies, banners waved along the whole line of march and all heads were bowed to receive the bless ing of him who came only to bless. The lively faith, the awe, reverence and eager expectation depicted on the countenances of those poor children of the plains was a sight that must have repaid the missionaries for many a lonely struggle and bitter hardship. As the Bishop's carriage passed slowly along, the Indians fell in line and, amid continued chanting of hymns, marched two by two past the row of tents to their place before the altar. Pine Ridge Chosen* Another picturesque and striltfag ceremony was the selection of the next meeting place. It was late in the even ing of the fourth day and the bower was in darkness except for the light of the moon and a feeble lamp or two at one end. Wrhen all who were inter ested had gathered in the bower, three spokesmen in turn took their place in the midst of the assembly and in glowing terms described the advan tages of the locality in which their people desired the next Congress to convene. A vote was called for by the president. Thereupon those in favor of a particular place, came to the center of the bower, sat on the ground in the full light of the moon to be teoPtttWi* on pa*« 8} A .. ,^'i tut.