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AFFAIRS OF COMMITTEE ON SPE CIAL WAR ACTIVITIES TO BE CLOSED UP —CATHOLIC WEL The question of the moment, how ever, is not the passing of the Na tional Catholic War Council, but the adaptation of the work it began to the needs of peace, especially those growing out ot the present turbulent social and economic situation, which comes in the wake of the war. For tunately provision for this has been made by the establishment of the Na tional Welfare Council, which will take the place of the older organiza tion in the direction of Catholic ac tivities. Naturally the work will be ot a different character and suited to different purposes. How it is to be done will be determined at the meet ing of the Administrative Council of Archbishops, which is to be held early in December. A New Program. A new program must be arranged, and the scope of the work to be un dertaken outlined but the system of centralized direction will in all prob ability be retained. The value oL" such A system has been demonstrated in the work of the War Council, the re sults of which will be announced in the forthcoming final reports. The extent to which the interest of the public, Catholic as well as non Catholic, has been aroused, may be gathered from the fact that thousands of inquiries are being received nearly every day. On one day recently more than 1,100 pieces of mail were sent out, mostly in response to requests for information and this is by no means an unusual record. What can be accomplished in the way of centralized direction is illus trated in the success which has at tended the efforts of the Council to promote the Boy Scout movement. Upon the same theory that, training and Americanization made better citi zens, the Council sought some way of K. OF C. FUND TO BE USED FOR E O N S U I O N O E GIANS' EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM In a nation-wide appeal on behalf of the plea of Cardinal Mercier, Su preme Knight Flaherty had the fol lowing sent throughout the country to the 1,800 councils of the Order, em bracing a membership of 600,000: 'In this appeal lies a twofold at traction to the sympathy of the Knights of Columbus. Not only can we, in keeping with our time-honored custom here in America, sustain Cath olic education in stricken Belgium, but CATHOLIC WELFARE COUNCIL FARE COMMITTEE WILL TAKE OVERWORK—BOY SCOUT MOVE MENT APPROVED BY POPE. The work of the National Catholic War 'Council is drawing to a close. On November 14 the Committee on Special War Activities held a meet ins to discuss the winding up of its affairs and very shortly the organi zation, which has behind it a record 01 remarkable achievement, will go out of existence. THE BELGIAN FUND IS LAUNCHED AMONG 600,000 MEMBERS —STARTED IN RE SPONSE TO PERSONAL APPEAL OF CARDINAL MERCIER. In response to an appeal made by Cardinal Mercier the Knights of Co lumbus have started a campaign among the 600,000 members to raise a voluntary fund which will be turned over to the Belgian Primate to be used in the tremendous task of re building Belgium's elucational system. The news that the "Caseys" had en listed in the fight, which Cardinal Mercier is gone home to carry on against Bolshevism by means of edu cational methods, was made public by James A. Flaherty, Supreme Knight of the Order, to whom the Cardinal made- his appeal. PAPAt DELEGATE The report that Mgr. Bonzano, Papal delegate in the United States, was about to leave Washington to take up an important post in Rome, is denied at the Vatican. CAMLIC JEM BEAD WAS PUBLISHER OF "SOUTHERN MESSENGER" OF SAN AN TONIO, TEX. L. Wm. Menger, age sixty-seven, pioneer Catholic citizen, and publisher of The Southern Messenger for twen ty-seven years, alumnus Georgetown University, died November 10 at San Afctonio, Tex., following an operation performed six weeks ago. The funeral took place the follow ing Wednesday morning, when Right Rev. Bishop Drossaerts officiated at the Pontifical Hlgb Mass of Beqstem, Catholic developing the hoys to make better men. As a result, troops of BOv Scouts are rapidly being organized la parishes throughout the country. So successful has been this worfc that it attracted the attention of the Holy Father, whose interest is re flected in the following letter, ad dressed to Mr. Michael J. Slattery, Secretary of the War Council: Papal Approval. "Segreteria Di Stato, "Di Sua Santita. "Dal Vaticano, October 1, 1919. "Dear Sir: The Holy Father has learned with much interest and pleas ure that steps have been taken to promote the formation of distinctively Catholic units among the Boy Scouts of the United States that the move ment has the approval and support of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons and also of so many Archbishops and Bishops, and that its chief aim is to build up the Boy Scouts spiritually and physically. "Such a movement is deserving of the highest commendation. His Holi ness, therefore, wishes it. every suc cess, and gladly bestows the Apostolic Blessing on all those, who further the Catholic extension of the Scout movement under the auspices of the ecclesiastical authorities. "With best wishes, I remain, "Faithfully yours. "(Signed) J. CARD. GASPARRI. "Mr. Michael J. Slattery, National Catholic War Council, Washington, D. C." Varied Activities. This is but one phase of the work of the National Catholic War Council. It has given under the stress of war needs unusual impetus to Catholic lay activities: it has formulated a re construction program, which has at tracted general attention it has been most successful in its Americaniza tion work, having formulated a pro gram for civic education and provided the means in the form of moving pic tures and short courses in civics. As a part of the central office at the capital, it has established depart ments for handling its many affairs, including a department of original research. Altogether the Council cotl-^ stitutes an experiment in centralized direction, made under extraordinary wartime conditions, which has dem onstrated its value for the needs of peace and it has pointed the way for the new National Catholic Welfare Council. we can again show to His Eminence, the Archbishop of Malines, the honor in which we hold him. In an age when men have exhibited the sternest courage, have faced the most terrible circumstances, have won through to glory against the most frightful ob stacles, in an age when a million were tried under fire and proved thereby their manhood, the heroic Primate of Belgium stands pre-eminent. "This man of God, who never wav ered from his duty to his people though put to the most severe trial by the invader, has come to the Knights of Columbus for assistance in the educational reconstruction of his nation. Here in America we have set out to fight the spread of radicalism throughout our citizenry. We have entered upon an era of wider educar tional effort, than we have ever esi sayed before. In the appeal from the Cardinal we have a cflll t» a parallel work. "The Supreme Board of Directors, to whom Cardinal Mercier's appeal was presented, has voted that the Su preme Knights should ask for con tributions to this most worthy cause. Remittances should be made payable to the Knights of Columbus, Cardinal Mercier Fund, and sent to William J. McGinlev, Supreme Secretary, Draper 1670, New Haven, Conn. "Fraternally yours, "JAMES A. FLAHERTY." BANDITS AFTER BISHOP PRELATE ESCAPES TRAP SET BY ALLEGED CAPTORS OP JEN KINS. Federieo Cordova the bandit eltief who is charged with having kidnaped American Consul Jenkins at Puebla, Mexico, made an unsuccessful attempt to capture Enrique Sanchez Paredes, Catholic Bishop of Puebla, last week. According to information received from Puebla, the Bishop after escap ing a. trap set by the bandit,- appeal©4 to Federal authorities for protection. SRfAT TOISMIIMBE A great pilgrimage t9 the toi|ib of St. Martin of Totfrs, France, took plaee on November 8 and 9. Special festivities commemorated the first an niversary of the signing of the armis tice, which occurred on the Feast of St. HEED Eli BISHOP BANISHED THIRTY-EIGHT YEARS AGO—FINDS HIS" HOME HAS ENTIRELY DISAPPEARED. After many years of exile the aged Bishop, Mgr. Hryniewilcki, has re turned to Wilno, Poland, to try to discover his former residence, but it has entirely disappeared. In 1882 the Bishop was torn away forcibly from his own home by the czar's government. For thirty-eight years he lived in banishment, first of all in the interior of Russia, &nd later in Lemberg. The presence of the Bishop in Wil no was first known at a meeting of the Wilno Workingmen's League. Immediately the entire assembly left the meeting and in a body sang hymns before the Cracow Hotel, where the Bishop was staying. The Bishop came to the window, and after thanking the workingmen admon ished them all, irrespective of nation ality. to unite in love and good will. Then, after giving his blessing to the assembled crowd, the Bishop prom ised to ask the prayers of the Blessed Virgin for the future prosperity of Wilno. The unexpectedness of the Bishop's return gave pleasure to the whole town. SEIMNJjPROlSED? IRISH QUESTION MAY BE NEAR SOLUTION. The possibilities of an Irish settle ment are outlined by a prominent per sonage, who is known to be a per sonal friend of Lord Grey, in the fol lowing terms: I have reason to believe, he says, that before Lord Grey left for Amer ica he was given to understand that an Irish settlement would be sought and (it may be presumed) arrived at before the end of the year. This is almost as much as to say that his mission is conditional on the conclu sion of an Anglo-Irish peace. GERMAN ARCHBISHOP OPPOSES UNJUST LAW& Archbishop von Faulhaber of Mu nich has declared his opposition to the present government of Germany, which, it is predicted, will play a big part in the election next spring. In the presence of Papal Nuncio Pacelli, the Archbishop attacked the Weimar constitution because it ig nores religion and because God is not mentioned in the text of official oaths, and religious instruction in the schools in not provided. He advised the thousands attending a big confer ence to refuse to take "the ungodly oaths," even in tax matters. His utterances outline the impor tant part the platform of the Centrist party will play in the coming cam paign. DECEftSEDJJIPMIi SEVENTEEN PRIESTS DIEOt IN SERVICE—AMERICA'S DEATH TOLL. On the authority of the Chaplains' Aid Bulletin, the list of names and the homes or dioceses of the American priests who met death in the service is given as follows: The Rev. Justin Butler, O. M. the Rev. Patrick P. Casey, New York the Rev. Eugene B. Carroll, Scranton, Pa.: the Rev. Thos. A. Coffey, Provi dence, R. I. the Rev. Wm. F. Davitt, Springfield, Mass. Rev. Herbert P. Doyle, O. F. M. the Rev. Edward H. Fitzgerald, St. Joseph, Mo. the Rev. Patrick J. Gallagher. O. S. A., the Rev. Daniel T. Kilroy, Wilmington, Del. the Rev. Francis A. Lederle, El Paso, Texas the Rev. John F. McCarthy, Pittsburgh, Pa. the Rev. Anselm Mayotte, Hartford, Conn. the Rer. Joseph P. Munday, Alton, 111. the Rev. Timothy A. Murphy. O. S. B.: the Re?. Colman O'Flaherty, Sioux Falls,.Iowa the Rev. Simon A. O'Roarke, Fall River, Mass. the Rev. Edward J. Tier Bey, New York. K MJUKflli TRIP imwr PRESIDENT forced to TAKE REST The following telegram has been reeeived to New Orleans from Mr. C. L. Wheeler, secretary to the Hon. Ea mon de Valera, president of the Irish Republic: "Strain of loag tour forced De Val era to cancel southern tour for the present. Must have rest. Please keep up enthusiasm and President will come to ycfa later, probably after first of year. Please give this publicity. Sor ry, %^1TISSELEH," ST. PAUL, MINN.r NOVEMBER 22, 1919 ARMY JUS SUBJECT OF STUDY BY BOARD OF CHAPLAl&lS—TWO CATHOLICS ^N BOARD. Ariny Chaplains John A. Randolph, John T. Axton, James F. Houlihan, Ignatius Fealy and Milton O. Beebe, have been appointed a board to meet in Washington, for the purpose of studying matters relative to chaplains and moral training in the army. Of the five members of this very important board, two of them are members of the Catholic faith, this being very nearly the quota of the strength of the Catholic enlisted men in the army. The priests on the board are Fathers James F. Houlihan and Ignatius Fealy. Chaplain Houlihan is, a native of Pennsylvania, and was appointed a chaplain, with the rank of first liteu tenant. from that state in 1910. In 1917 he was promoted to the rank of captain. •, Father Fealy, tBe other Catholic member, is a native of Missouri, and was born July 31, 1878. After his or dination he served as an assistant priest at St. Joseph Church, Washing ton. He-was appointed a chaplain in the army, from the District of Colum bia, in 1914. Both Father Houlihan and Father Fealy are known as "live wires" ia the service, when it comes to matters of faith and morale. Both are "good mixers" among the men, universally popular, and the interests of the Church and the men will be well looked out for during the sessions of this important board, which is des tined to accomplish so much good. CATHOLIC WORKERS RAISE FUND TO FF©HT SOCIALISM. The Catholics of Argentina, to main tain social peace through harmony be tween workmen and patrons, have cre ated a popular fund which has awak ened the greatest enthusiasm. The subscriptions of the first day amount ed to 1.500,000 pepos. which swelled to ten millions in a week. At latest accounts the sum total was 13,272,000 pesos Argentinos, about $13,000,000. The subscription was started by the members of the Catholic Workmen's party and committees were formed in all the important centers and in the country. This shows that among the Argentinian workman the Socialist idea in its exaggerated manifestations has no hold, and that they all are re solved to work fbr public order send the prosperity of the country. K. or c. 108 VETERANS OF LATE WAR AT GEORGETOWN As a part of its program to expend its surplus war fund in reconstruc tion activities, the Knights of Colum bus have allotted 108 scholarships to the School of Foreign Service of Georgetown University. The students have been equally drawn from the twelve Federal reserve districts, in ac cordance with the plan of the Knights of Columbus, and entered upon their studies last week. The students are former members of the army, navy and marine corps, who have been privileged to accept this free education as a result of the agreement reached by the university, with the headquarters of the Knights of Columbus organization and the Federal Board for Vocational Educa tion. FOCH, Ajpni The reception of Marshal Foch by the French academy, of which he was elected a member last year, will oc cur in January. The reception speech will be made by President Poincare. E PRIEST WANTS U. S. CATHOLICS TO ENDOW JAP UNIVERSITY. Rev. M. J. McNeal, S. J., professor in the Catholic University of Tokyo, has arrived in Seattle to start a cross continent trip to secure one million dollars as a foundation fund for the university in Tokyo* Recently a law was enacted by tlie government of Japan requiring every private school to have a foundation fund of a half million yen, or $250,000* for each department which it insti tuted. This is to insure that no ins stitution be given the status of a uni versity unless it is properly equipped to maintain it according to the stand ard set by the government. The Cath olic University of Tokyo stands very high in the estimation of the Japanese government and of the people of the islands. In government circles only three private universities are consid ered worth continuing. Two of these are pagan institutions and the other is the Catholic University of Tokyo. S :v •. SISTERS Mjj SUPERIOR MOTHER MARY OF THE COMPAS SION IS DEAD. Mother Mary of the Compassion, Visitor-Superior of the Sisters of the Good Shepherd, died in Chicago, No vember 10. She had been a professed nun for sixty years. Born in Ireland, almost eighty-one years ago, and known before she en tered the religious life as Mary Anne Bartley, she became a novice of the Mother House of the Good Shepherd at Angers, France. A few years after her profession, she was made Mother Superior at New Ross, in Ireland, and later Provincial at Limerick, Ireland. Afterwards was bestowed upon her the highly important office of Visitor (or Visitatrix) of all the Good Shep herd Houses in the United States and Cuba—sixty-two Houses altogether. This office she held for twenty-seven ears. She was holding it at the time of her death, which came as she was writing a letter at 10 o'clock P. M., Monday, November 10, and which was due to weakness of the heart. Archbishop Moeller of Cincinnati sang the Mass and preached the ser mon at the funeral which was held in the House of the Good Shepherd in Chicago. MPIAJJELIEY IS ELECTED CHAPLAIN OF AMER ICAN LEGION. At the first national convention of the American Legion, held in Minne apolis last week. Rev. Francis A. Kel ley of Troy, N. Y., was elected first national chaplain. He was nominated by Theodore Roosevelt in an enthu siastic speech. Col. Roosevelt recalled that Father Kelley had received one decoration from this government, two from the British, and nine citations for bravery under fire. The final vote stood, Chaplain Kelley, 411 Chaplain Inzer of Alabama, 246. Father Kelley was chaplain of the Seventy-seventh New York regiment. C0MIII6JSSI0IMKIES PRESBYTERIANS SEND EIGHTY FOUR MISSIONARIES TO FAR EAST. A class of eighty-four newly-ap pointed missionaries, ttie largest num ber ever consecrated in one year, met with the New York Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church to receive their final instructions be fore departing for foreign fields. It is possible that the number may be in creased to 123. American Catholics have sent from their National Semi nary ("Maryknoll") three missioners this year, and the Catholic total is increased by three more from the So ciety of the Divine Word and a few from other religious orders—less than a dozen in all. TO BUREAU WILL SELECT "MOVIES" FOR CHURCHES, SCHOOLS, COL LEGES AND COMMUNITY CEN TERS. A national bureau of censorship and selection of motion pictures for churches, schools, colleges and com munity centers was organized in New York last week. The new bureau will be called the Committee of Research, Review and Recommendation. The committee will view existing motion pictures, compiling a recom mendation list for the churches and other institutions of the country, out side of theaters, and wiH formulate standards for the future production of pictures for these institutions. It is a cooperative committee, composed of representatives from leading re ligious, educational afid .welfare or ganizations. Among the participating organiza tions at the meeting were the Na tional Catholic Welfare Council, the Inter-churdh World Movement, Fed eral Council of Churches, National Child Welfare Association, National Education Association, Y. M. C. A., Y. W. C. A., and the National Society for the Study and Education of Ex ceptional Children. SISTERS OF GOOD SHEPHERD HAVE NEW SUPERIOR. Word was received in St. Paul last week that Rev. Mother Rose Hughes had been appointed provincial supe rior of the Sisters of the Good Shep herd for the Western province. She is a sister of Rev. Robert Hughes of Mankato, Minn. Mother Rose succeeds Mother Mary of the Holy Cross, who will remain in St. Paul as Mother Prioress of the Good Shepherd caovent in this city. Council NATIONAL CATHOLIC WELFARE COUNCIL WILL ERECT COMMUN ITY CENTERS FOR WOMEN WORKERS IN ALL LARGE CIT IES—ASKS FOR CO-OPERATION OF WOMEN'S ORGANIZATIONS TO CARRY OUT PLAN. In the work of reconstruction under taken by the National Catholic Wel fare Council, there is no phase of it more essential or appealing than that which deals with "Girls' Welfare," and extends a helping hand to the great army of women workers who did their part—a truly essential one— towards winning the war. Although nearly twelve months have elapsed since the signing of the arm istice, the lives of tens and hundreds of thousands of women and girls of our country are still affected by the war, for they are still employed far from their homes, to which, in most in stances, they will never return. This condition presents one of the most serious problems of reconstruc tion, and a situation which the Coun cil is endeavoring to meet by estab lishing its community houses through out the country. These houses are being given a common name, "Nation al Catholic Community House," so that a girl coming to a strange city can at once find the location of the Catholic center, as it appears in the directories and telephone books of the country. These centers will form links of a national chain extending from the Atlantic to the Pacific, from Canada to the Mexican border. Community Houses. Here, in the Comihunity Houses, will be found attractive rooms, whole some food, parlors where girls ma}' receive guests, library and writing room, with reading material and table games, such as cards and check ers sewing room, with sewing ma chine laundry, where girls may do their own washing and ironing if they so desire gymnasium and swimming pool, if possible pleasant surround ings, attractive furnishings, comfort able chairs, artistic hangings, reading lamps, flower boxes. It is expected that the girls will have representation in the manage ment of the "house. Apart from ex ceptional cases, they are expected to pay sufficient for board and lodging to cover running expenses as well as interest on investment. The plan is co-operative and not philanthropic. The Community House is advised, through its staff, to tie up very closely with the local Travelers' Aid Society, in order to reach the incoming girl. This splendid organization has its agents in all large cities and its repre sentatives in nearly all small com munities. In addition to this, there should be a large sign or placard dis played in a prominent placex in the railroad station, directing the incom ing girl to the Community House. Small cards should be printed and a supply of them left with the Travelers' Aid agent, with the information bu reau of the station, with the station master, with the station police and with the station matron. It is pointed out that every city should have at least one Catholic cen ter for the temporary housing of girls, where girls and women away from home may go for a limited time, with the definite understanding that they should leave within, say, two weeks' time. Should Be Located Downtown. Such houses should, of course, be in the downtown section and if pos sible near the railroad station. Safe shelter having been given, it must have the machinery for placing the girl or woman in permanent lodgings. Attention is called by the Council to the "Self-Supporting Boarding House," and states that in any given commu nity, with a little searching, a few lo cal women of good character, execu tive ability, and knowledge of house hold affairs can be interested in open ing rooming and boarding houses for girls as a business proposition. Local BOSTON PRIEST JOIN3 MISSION SOCIETY. R0r Josepht Lynch EafTy, a W6& known priest of the Boston Archdio cese, has been released by His Emi nence, Cardinal O'Connell, to become attached to the Catholic Foreign Mis sion Society of America at the Mis sion Seminary, Maryknoll, Ossining, N. Y. Father Early fs an alumnus of Bos ton College and Brighton Seminary and of the Catholic University of America. His last appointment was at the Church of St Agnes, Arlington, Mass., where his zealous labors se cured for him many devoted friends. Father Early has already reported to Maryknoll at Ossining, where, ac cording to the rule of the society, he will remain a year before being ttitetyasstgneA u-w. defi- Number 47 Urges Welfare Work women's organizations should be called upon and their interest aroused in finding such prospective matrons and landladies. In cases, too, the lo cal organizations can find means to advance as a loan with security, on a business basis, a moderate amount of money to such matrons as they would choos6. The Council will do all in its power toward finding and recommend ing the proper matrons, after such houses are established. It will in struct its secretaries to co-operate heartily in the way of recreation and other assistance, and will offer the girls to live in the approved houses, the advantages of whatever recreation al and educational facilities it dis poses of in a given community. Apropos of this, our Catholic wom en's organizations can do a great deal toward having such laws passed as will bring about and maintain proper standards in boarding-houses. Such laws are actually in operation in some of the communities and states of the land. The Council will furnish infor mation to those who are interested in the subject. It is a civic problem which concerns women and girls close ly and which should interest our Cath olic women's organizations. Women Are Getting the Vote. The Catholic War Council says: 'Once it be obtained, whether have been in favor of it or opposed to it, it is their duty under a democracy as it is their duty of all citizens in a democracy to make use of the vote not as a means of personal aggrandize ment or political distinction, but as a means of promoting the common wel fare. They should be interested in discussing debating, and get back of such legal measures as touch so close ly the welfare, moral and physical, of our American girls." Employment will be found for the unemployed, attention being called to the fact that an employment office conducted by a welfare agency is still obligated by the standards of business ethics—and in all cases the employment work should be carried out in co-operation with the Federal, State and Municipal Employment Bu reau wherever the same are in opera tion. The National Catholic Welfare Council in summing up its work for "Girls' Welfare," states that "in its endeavor to establish its chain of Community Houses and to enlist the sympathetic co-operation of Catholic organizations engaged in the same field, it has solely in mind the meeting of a national need revealed and deep ened by the war. In asking the co operation of the Catholic women of the communities in which it is en deavoring to inaugurate the work, it is only endeavoring to assist them to do what they want to do or are al ready doing. Without this co-opera tion its efforts would be futile. "Hence arises the need of a com mittee in each community represent ing the united Catholic womanhood. Catholic womanhood even when work ing in entirely isolated groups has force and persistence. United behind this needed work for girls, it becomes one of the great significant powers in a community. Many of our woman's organizations are about to disband. Many who have been engaged in war work are about to abandon such activ ities. They are anxious to take up the gigantic and splendid work of war reconstruction. The work for girls and women is chiefly a woman's work and one that appeals particularly to the traditions and sympathies of Cath olic womanhood. "Conditions change, virtues are per ennial. It is so with the honored vir tue of hospitality. If we pass from primitive to advanced civilization, it may be neither wise nor prudent to exercise indiscriminate hospitality to wards all who knock at our doors: but here is an opportunity for literal hospitality to the stranger, the girl who has just arrived in our commu nity. What labor of love is there more womanly, more maternal, more Christian than giving hospitality and home interest to the strange and lone ly girl? 'I was a stranger and ye took me in.'" 5,000 jOOmiSTS DIOCESAN UNION OF Prf?* BURGH FLOURISHES. The Diocesan Union of Sodalitfc* of the Blessed Virgin was launched by Right Rev. Bishop Canevin of Pitts burgh, Pa., over a year ago, when he appealed to every pastor to establish such a sodality in his parish, and to work in conjunction witk the Dio cesan Union. On Sunday, November 9, the sodali ties in bands of 100 and 200 came in from all parts of the city, and train loads from neighboring cities and towns. One-half of the counties of the diocese were represented, and it is estimated that fully 5,000 sodalists crowded the Cathedral. Large sodali ties from hospitals, from Italian, Po lish, Slavish and Croatian parishes proved the oxtent of the union of tha mxUliUea of the dioeete.