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QUESTION There is no law which forbids Cath olic women to sins God's praises in our churches. The Instruction on Sa cred Music issued in 1903 by Pope Pius excludes women from church choirs at liturgical scrviccc, as the High Mass and liturgical Vespers. Ilut women may sing at all non-lttur gical functions: they may join in con gregational singing at liturgical serv ices, as the High .Mass and Vespers and where no male choir is available tor liturgical services, they may take iis place. it was the wish of the Holy Father that choirs composed of Catholic men or men and hoys b? established wher ever possible and as soon as possible. The liturgical male choir is. no doubt, the ideal to b? aimed at in all paro chial churches. Yet his legislation, it would seem, was opposed not so much to women singing in choirs, as to '•mixed choirs," that is, choirs com posed of men and women. At the same time the Pontiff was fully con versant with the problems involved in the immediate organisation of male choirs. Accordingly, subsequent pro nouncements of the Sacred Congrega tion of Rites indicate that, though "mixed choirs" are not in conformity with the strict letter of the law and do not represent the ideal of the Holy Father, they arc not absolutely for bidden, and may, with the Bishop's consent, bo tolerated for r.ufficient rea sons and within certain Imitations. At what sp«cial ti:ne When confessing that one has talked about a priest's faults,' is it necessary to specify the priest? To speak about the faults of an other often is a sin against charity. When that other person liolds a posi tion of authority over one the sin may also be directed against the filial respect and reverence one owes to authority. Thus the pastor holds a special relation towards his parishion ers. Usually, however, it is not nec essary lo specify the priest. Is it sinful to add prayers to those given in confession as a penance? Provided one says the prayers giv en as a penace, he may add as many more as he pleases. To add these, however^ under the impression that the priest was too lenient and did not give a penance large enough, smacks a little of self-love. Say all the prayers you are directed to say as a penance, and then add as many more as your piety dictates only do not try to im prove on the official penance as such. is it sinfjti) I® bake bread on Sun day? The ChurcJi sUpws the ,Performance of those domestic tasks which are re quired on Sunday. Under this head may be mentioned the cooking and preparing of meals needed on that day. Is it sinful to rsfrain fronj making the Stations because other perssnp qre present? It may be an act of humility, and again it may be an act of shame. In this case it certainly cannot^'-Vfe classed as an act of love of God I s .ft yvfong to tie! tafee Jg §p i rityaj Ism or in the possibility of communi cating with the dsad? Spiritualism has been condemned iby *he Church, and it has been ex plained in this coluftiri at different times. As regards the possibility of communicating with the dead, this is sometimes allowed by God for His own purposes and designs. It is also pos sible that evil' spirits, by the permis sion of God. may communicate at times With mortals. is it wrong for a laboring man, when other food is not in ample supply., to eat meat on ember days without*ask ing permicsion of the priest. Usually permission,of a general na ture is granted lo laboring mm a: $ In till* department ns i' in (r• ~i in rc^nril to religion will I*® •niwrrril each wrok In the «»rler III uhlvli lliej- art* rrct'ivctl. Alt catfonn miint l»e Nleuril. lliouuh the' unmo will nut lir imliltalieil. Addrf**: "Question ami Answer,"' tare The C'atjipllc HulU-lin, 315 X.ewt«u Wdg.. St. Paul. Can you advise me if there is exist ing at the present, or ever has exist ed in the Catholic Church, any ruling against women singing in the choir during Macs or cny other service of the church. tfid |Hir Lord institute the Sacrament of Holy Or ders? We find reference to the powers conferred through Holy orders in many places of the Xew Testament. Christ told the Apostles: "As the Father hath sent me, I also send you." (John XX. 21). Stc also II Cor.. III. 3, 6: Rom. XV, 16. Christ gave His Apos tles the power to offer sacrifices i Luke XX, 19), and to dispense the Sacraments (John XX, 22. 23 Matt. XXVIII. 18). The Apostles then ap pointed others by the imposing of hands. See Acts VI, 6 I Tim. If, 4* II Tim.. I. 6. Does the priest mix salt with the water with which he baptizes? The water used by the priest in bap tizing i* blessed on Holy Saturday. The salt-.used in baptism is placed in the mouth of the person being bap tized. Is it a sin to write letters on Sun day? Xo if a person has an impure desire, but does not consent even to the thought, is it necessary to mention it in confession? Evil desires become sinful only through consent. When in doubt it ic better to mention the matter in con fession. explaining that as far as known consent \yas not given. This explanation will tend to case the mind at least. A N S W E N^v-**rMnr even to their families, to eat meat on such days. Ft is not necessary to ask permission in tJiat case. Such general permission, as a rule, is given in this country. SHROPSHIRE REGIMENT BEGlKS E O N S A I O N W I BRINGS RIOTS. Scenes of terrorism were witnessed in Cork, Ireland. Sunday night. Novem ber 9. when soldiers of the English Shropshire regiment turned" out and tried to wipe up civilians. They marched through the streets shouting, ."Down with the Sinn Fein!" Battles with civilians ensued. The i police intervened on the side of the soldiers. Armored cars were turned out, and iheir appearance seemed to fire the soldiers to redoubled fervor. The whole regiment, armed with rides, bayonets and revolvers, attacked civil ians, smashed shops and instituted a general reignx of terror Several ."hots were fired and when a couple of policemen were injured the rest of the police fled for their lives. In some crowded places the civilians* routed the soldiers, but isolated groups of citizens were at the mercy of the military. At midnight the sol diers had barricaded themselves, and annore.i cars equipped with machine guns were still rumbling through the streets. HUM ENVOYS MID The Hungarian government has ap pointed the following peace delegation to negotiate a treaty between the Al lied powers and Hungary: Count Al bert Apponyi, premier: Count Stefan Bethlen. Count Paul Teleky, Martin Lovas and Monsignor Alexander-Giess wein. CANON CABANEL FAMOUS CHAPLAIN OF FRENCH BLUE DEVILS TO SPEAK IN TWflM CITIES. Coming to express in person the thanks of the people of Prance to the people of St. Paul and the Northwest for aid extended to' French war orphans, Canon Cabanel, famous as the chaplain of the "Blue Devils,'' is on his way to the Twin Cities for a scries of addresses. Canon Cabanel wilf speak at the University club, St. Paul, at 4 P. Al., Saturday afternoon, November 29, at a meeting to which everyone is invited. Canon Cabanel is being sent here by the French High commission in the United States, of which he is a member. He is proclaimed as a force ful speaker with a strong personality. As chaplain of the French "Blue D?vils," he served at the front with his men for three and a half years, and until he was gassed so severely that it was impossible for him to con tinue his work further. He wears the decoration of the Le gion of Honor and the Croix de Guerre with three palms and four stars—sev en citations—besides the fourragere of the medaille militaire, which is equiv alent to the British Victoria cross, and is given only for extraordinary heroism. CiBIIAhp in CARDINAL MERCIER SENDS IRISH Wis DEEPEST SYMPATHY. In a message to the Irish pepple. on November 16, Cardinal Mercier says: "Many of my pupils in Lou vain came from Ireland. Some of my most distinguished pupils are professors in Ireland one of them, the Rev. Dr. Coffey of Maynooth Seminary, was a student at Louvain. When I was a student I had an Irish friend, the Rev. James Ryan, iiow Canon Ryan of Thurles. "Please tell the Catholics of Ireland how glad I am to send this message to them and ask them to believe I have the deepest sympathy for their nation, which has always been so steadfast to our Catholic faith." MMICSJ MUT HAVE SUCCESSFULLY OVERCOME OPPOSITION OF THE COM MUNIST ELf-ME^T. Catholics are now firmly in control of the government Of Hungary, ac cording to the Catholic Neue Zurcher !STaehtrichten of Switzerland. The Catholic Party has overcome the most determined opposition of the Com munist element and is now gradually restoring order. For a time the banks declined to extend credit to the new government and efforts were made to suppress the Christian newspapers, but these obstacles have been overcome. The reign cf terror seems to have come to an end and the Catholic Party is restoring order throughout the country. The Christian parties have fofme^l a coalition which is being supported by the majority of the people. y V The program for an attack upon revolutionary teaching in the United States has been submitted to Con gress by the Attorney General, A. Mitchell Palmer, and will undoubtedly come up for discussion early during the next session. Naturally the phase of the problem which confronts the American people, is the danger to government and the state. But evidence submitted by Mr. Palmer shows what is very often over looked, that radicalism in the United States, as well as other countries, is not less bent upon the destruction of religion than upon the overthrow of the state. The purpose is not merely an economic upheaval, reams of evi dence in the possession of the Depart ment of Justice proving that the "reds" look upon all forms of religion as keeping the minds of the proleta riat in subjection, as the present eco nomic conditions are held to keep •their bodies in subjection. In some instances religion is characterized as "the heart of the system" which the revolutionaries are determined to Overthrow. Revolutionary Documents. Among the documents submitted t® Congress by the Attorney General is a manifesto issued by an existing rev olutionary organization, known as "El Ariete Society." In this, which was distributed broadcast in the Spanish language, appears the following para graph "From these remote times down to our era there has been a never-ending change of government, and in spite of the fact that the governments have separated from the Church, they have understood perfectly well that they could not live long Without the sup port of religion, and today it may be affirmed that the government is y^e body of society, capitalism is the stomach and religion the soul." The manifesto continues in a vein of sarcasm: "The people is sover eign, then: let us^see. Here the pri mary schools are* obligatory, the fa thers of families are driven by the lash of exaggerated exploitation and are gradually used up by misery ^nd weariness, while the children with wasted countenances go to school to learn only to read the vulgarities of corrupt .society. There awaits them at the school a schoolmistress, pre pared to inculcate Catholic mythology, military exercises, and the homage due to the flag, etc. This, forsooth, is democracy!" The manifesto of the Union of Ftus sian Workers, which was recently raided in various cities of the country and the leaders of which are now in jail, contains a more bitter invective against religion as the chief buttress of the present social and economic system. One of its orgahs, the "Free Tribune," said in a recent issue: FULL OFFICIAL REPORT OF SERV AIM OVERTHROW OF RELIGION U O S E N O E E Y E O NOMIC UPHEAVAL, EVIDENCE IN HANDS OF DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PROVES—MANY RADI CAL PAPERS HERE —CHURCH REGARDED AS MOST EFFEC TIVE OPPONENT TO AID CON GRESS WIPE OUT RADICALISM. K. OF C. SCHOLARS ICE STUDENTS SHOWS CARE- FUL SELECTION AND WIDE DIS- TBIBUTION OF SCHOLARSHIPS —TO COST A MILLION DOLLARS —LOCATED IN 36 .INSTITUTIONS. In their official report of their edu cational movement for ex-service men, the Knights of Columbus show that out of a total of 3.000 applications for the 100 scholarships they offered last August to veterans of the war. 967 applicants qualified for preliminary examination. Applications were re ceived from every state in the Union, over 100 came from men in France, and one from an American soldier in Ger many. The Knights increased the number of scholarships from 100 to a number sufficient to accommodate the men who passed the entrance exami nation set by the institution they de sired to enter. Of the 967, over 3U0 qualified 284 are now in school and others will be placed. It is expected that the final roster of K. of C. ex service scholars will contain between 350 and 450 names. Not one of the men selected by the Knights had other prospects of re ceiving higher technical or academic education. The Knights provide them with tuition, board and lodging and books. In cases where the men live off campus they are allowed $50 per month for living expenses, a sum in excess of that given by most large endowments. Variety of Schools, The bulk of the applicants selected technical courses in engineering, min ing, agriculture, etc. They have been placed in these numbers: Massachu setts Institute of Technology, 44 University of Pennsylvania, 2S Uni versity of Illinois, 30 Georgetown rum (DEiiiM SINGER TO BE BURIED IN PARIS. During October the remains of Mme. Adelina Patti were placed in the cata combs of the Catholic cemetery, at Kensal Green, Ixmdbn, prior to their conveyance to Paris on the comple tion of the splendid tomb in Pere la Chaise cemetery which her husband is having prepared. The service was performed by Canon Fleming in pres ence of a few friends and Baron Sederstrom and his brother. There were some1 lovely flowers, and many tributes fro® contemporaries o the great 4 .S U,•"?.' THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, NOVEMBER 29, 1919 "Ever$ kind of existing government shouhj be destroyed: one of the chief tasks of anarchism is a merciless fight to the finish against religion and gov ernment." Many Radical Newspapers. The Attorney General's report shows that there are now in exist ence in the United States 222 radical newspapers published in foreign lan guages. In addition, 144 radical news papers, published in foreign countries, are received and distributed here. Besides there are tons of books and pamphlet:-, inciting to rebellion and destruction, poisoning the minds of many who dwell in this country. For a long time Emma Goldman's aqttyitifss have b^en looked 'ipon with toleran&e, but a-Feview of'fter uIter ances shows how the seed, planted years ago, has sprouted and taken root until the growth threatens the overturning of organized society. As •a -part of her creed, Emma Goldman said: "Religion is a superstition that orig inated in man's inability to solve nat ural phenomena. The Church is an organized institution that has always been a stumbling block to progress. Organized churc-hism has stripped re ligion of its naivete and primitive ness. It has turned religion into a nightmare that oppresses the human soul and holds the mind in bondage." "Intellectual" Radicals. These illustrations might be multi plied were it necessary to show that the radical movement, to which con siderable impetus has been given by so-called intellectuals, many of whom are identified with colleges and pub lications of various kinds, is anti-re ligious in purpose. Where Bolshe vism, merely another name for the same revolutionary movement, has prevailed, the suppression of religion has gone hand in hand with mass murder and libertinism. No»v that a critical situation has arisen and extreme Socialism under the impetus of the Bolshevist success in Russia, has come to flower in the "red" manifestoes and pamphlets, the government finds itself without the necessary authority to suppress the dangerous activities of the radical leaders, who advocate the overthrow of government and the dissolution of society. Whether suppression will be the most efficacious method of deal ing with it is also questioned. The whole problem will undoubtedly come up for general discussion when Con gress meets in December. In this connection it is quite probable that consideration will be given the Americanization and educa tional legislation, which is put for ward as a cure for the existing evil. The opinion prevails very generally in Congress that the most effective way of meeting the insidious propaganda of the revolutionaries is to educate those among whom they pursue their quest for recruits, teaching them not only the obligations but the privileges of American citizenship. It is recog nized that the Catholic Church is probably the most effective institu tion for carrying on work of this kind. The National Catholic War Council has shown what can be accomplished in this direction. Foreign Service School, 25 Sheffield Scientific School (Yale), 18 Stevens Institute, 15 Louisiana State Univer sity, 9 Worcester Polytechnic, 7 University of Minnesota, 6 Brooklyn Polytechnic, 5 University of Califor nia, 5 Purdue, 5 Michigan Agricul tural College, 4 Ohio State College, 4 West Virginia University, 2 Ore gon Agricultural College, 2, and Mis souri University, Montana State Agri cultural College and Colorado School of Mines, one each. Holy Cross Col lege of Worcester leads in the receipt of academic scholars, having 22 the Catholic University has 19, Notre Dame University 18, Fordham 16, and the others are distributed according to the proportion of applicants suc cessful in the academic examinations. From all States. The scholars come from all states in the Union. New York leading with 51, Massachusetts having 49, Pennsyl vania 22, Connecticut 18, New Jersey 15, Indiana 14, Louisiana 8, Missouri 7, Minnesota 6, and California 5. .While the Knights asked no questions concerning religious affiliations of ap plicants, all denominations are repre sented among the scholars. Catholics being less than 50% of the total. The names of scholars attending one col lege are typical. Brooklyn Polytech nic has Barrett, Norwig, Finkelstein, O'Brien and Perlstein. It is estimated that the cost of giv ing these men a full course will be over $1,000,000. These scholarships, with the K. of C. demobilized men's technical schools now operated by scores of K. C. subordinate councils, will bring the expenditure for the Knights' educational branch of recon struction work into millions. The Knights have no strings on the stu dents excepting they must keep abreast with studies. Many football and other athletic stars are numbered among them. 10 HID i"- 1 *. V 1 4' jMi The Knights of Columbus have launched a campaign for the Ameri canization of the 150,000 foreign-born inhabitants of Los Angeles County, California. The Knights will expend between $25,000 and $50,000 in the ef fort to educate the foreign-born of this locality to American standards of living. The Knights of Columbus com-! munity centers established during the war will be used as units for the work, and the scope of campaign will include the carrying of American ideals and methods into homes of the foreigners and classes, as well as so cial servicc work anions young. I Ok "CASEY" SANTA CIMIS .WILL, DEFY THE BOLSHEVJKJ— TO VISIT DOUGH BO Yfi I ft SIBERIA. Santa Claus left the headquarters of the Knights of Columbus in New York recently on his long trip to Vla divostok, Russia. The cheery old man of the Natal Day will be represented in the person of William F. Fox, a member of the Board of Directors of the Knights who has been an associate of William P. Larkin, overseas director. Now Mr. Fox is hurrying across the country to the Pacific coast where he will embark on a steamer sailing for Vladivostok Which will land hint in time to play Santa Clans to the Amer ican and Allied troops. He is a resident of Indianapolis, Ind., and has been commissioned to take full charge of the welfare work of the Knights in Russia. From the seaport city the Santa Claus man will start on a trip of 3,500 miles along the Trans-Siberian railway distributing close on to $50,000 worth of gifts of a type that the Knights know from past experienc in Europe with the American doughboys will gladden the heart of every man. The cargo of this Santa Claus is now on the. high seas aboard the transport Marcia, steaming furiously towards Russia. Mr. Fox will be assisted by ten secretaries who are now with the men, and the journey will be made to Siberia via sleighs and railway with a husky guard of American doughboys carrying machine guns guarding the "Casey" Santa Claus. MISSIONARY HEAD DIES WAS SUPERIOR GENERAL OF SO CIETY OF DIVINE WORD. A belated message conveys the sad news of the unexpected and untimely death of the second Superior General of the Society of the Divine Word, the Very Reverend Nicholas Blum, S. V. D., who died on October 29 at the motherhouse of the society at Styl, Holland. Born in 1857, Father Blum entered the society in 1876, but one year after its foundation. For many years the faithful companion and assistant of the founder and first Superior Gen eral, the Very Reverend Arnold Jans sen, he succeeded the latter in 1909. The Society of the Divine Word has as its American motherhouse St. Mary's Mission House in Techny, 111., where about 120 young men are pre paring for the missionary career. An other mission college of the society is the Sacred Heart Mission House at Girard, Pa. Besides, the society is conducting five flourishing missions anions the negroes in the South, and one negro parish in Chicago. TO HELPJELGIUM I. F. Q. A. WILL RESTORE CATHE DRAL OF MALINES. The International Federation of Catholic Alumnae has sent through the recording secretary. Mrs. Mary Smith Benzinger of Baltimore, Md., a ringing appeal to all members to unite in an enthusiastic "drive" for the Cardinal Mercier Fund. The fund has been officially named "The Voluntary Offering of the Interna tional Federation of Catholic Alum nae to Cardinal Mercier," and will be presented to the Belgian prelate for the restoration of his Cathedral of Malines. Much enthusiasm has been aroused, and alumnae governors of federated states have pledged their support and practical endeavor to the success of the movement. SWISS CATHOLICS SCHOOL BUILDINGS AT BASLE AT DISPOSITION OF PRIESTS. The authorities of the Canton of Basle. Switzerland, propose to modify the scholastic law on religious teach ing in a manner very favorable to a o i s v Having set aside a ntitnber of h6urs' as necessary for religions teaching, they have placed the scholastic build ings at the disposition of priests dur ing those hours, gratuitously. The arrangements for the teaching will be left to the religious communities. This is a great advance, since hith erto religious teaching has been in terdenominational, and has been taught by masters, who were often Protestants and sometimes atheists. HOUSEKEEPER WANTED-A woman to keep house for a priest. Modern home. State wages and give references. Address L. B., care of The Catholic Bulletin. Citation Ex. of Final ^Afroaat. STATE OF MINNESOTA. COtTNTY Ramsey, ss. In Nortficrn Savm&Ba IX COWNtjLTjgM W'TX Seventh OF Probate Court. In the Matter of the Estate of P^ter Carroll, Decedent. The State of Minnesota to All Whom It May Concern: Oh reading and filing- the petitiow of the representatives of said estate, pray ing' that the Court, fix a time and place for examining, adjusting and allowing' his Final Account, and for the assign ment of the residue of said estate to the persons thereto entitled: It is ordered, that said petition be beard and that all persons interested :lin said matter be Cited and required to appear before this Court, on Monday, the 22nd day of December, 1919. at 10 o'clock A. M., or as soon thereafter as said matter can be heard, at the Pro bate Court Rooms in the Court House in the City of St. Paul, in said County, and show cause, if any they have, why said petition should not be granted and that this citation be served by publi cation thereof in The Catholic Bulletin according to laws, and by mailing a copy of this citation at least 14 days before said day of hearing, to each of the heirs, devisees and legatees of said decedent whose names and addresses appear from the files of this Court. Witness the Judge of said V 'y 1 Court his 2r.th day of November. A. D. 1919. (Seal of Probate Court) E. \Yr. BAZIL.LE, Judge of Probate. Attest: W. Gosewisch. Clerk of Probate. T. Jt. i)OVl.K. A:cy. Si ,• WS. LET at Witness the Judge of said Court, this 25th day of November, A. D. 1919. (Seal of Probate Court) WANTED—Position as housekeep er for a priest. Have had several years' experience and can furnish,ref erences. Address 554 Andrew St., St. PauK Minn. You are always going for ward if you "spend less than you earn"—and bank the difference with this strong growing bank. Save for a purpose. ps SERVE Robert, Bremer Arcade you. American National Bank Northern Savings Bank Undar Sam* Management v MINNEAPOLIS. STATE OF MINNESOTA, COl'NTY OF Ramsey, ss. In Probate Court. In the Matter of Proving the Alleged Last Will and Testament of Angus Maedonald, Decedent. The State of Minnesota t6'All Whom It May Concern: Whereas. Mary Christine Maedonald of the City of St. Paul and State of Minnesota has delivered to the Probate Court of the County of Ramsey, an in strument in writing purporting to tie the Last Will and Testament of Angus Maedonald, late of Ramsey County, Minnesota, decedent, and filed therewith her petition to said Probate Court, praying that the said instrument may be proved and admitted to probate and that Letters Testamentary be granted thereon to her. It is ordered, that said petition be heard and that all persons interested in said matter be cited and required to appear before this Court on Monday, the 2!ith day of December. 191!», at o'clock A. M„ or as soon thereafter as said matter can be heard, at the Pro bate Court Rooms, in the Court House in the City of St. Paul, in said County, and show cause, if any they have, why said petition should not lie granted and said will admitted to probate and that this citation be served by the publica tion thereof in The Catholic bulletin according to law. and by mailing a •copy of this citation at least 14 days before said day of hearing, to each of the heirs, devisees, legatees of said decedent whose names and addresses are known and appear fi^om tite tiles of this Court. ,: SUPPER SERVED EACH NIGHT, 6 TO 7:30 John M. Gleason Jfattentl Itmtar and Embalms 111 South Ninth Street MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. Citation for Henrins' Will. Saint Paul Gifts The things We 'sell for"gift pur poses are singularly appropriate to express the real spirit of the Christmas season. Besides they are of lasting worth and long remembrance to the recipient. You are invited to shop here even if vou don't intend to buv. TheE.M.LolimannCo. 385 St. Peter Street, St. Paul Prompt and courteous attention to a limi! ordpis. THE PAULIST FATHERS -ANNOUNCE T|P ANNUAL BAZAAR FOR THE BENEFIT OF ST. LAWRENCE CHURCH DECEMBER UNIVERSITY HALL, 1ST, 2ND AND 3RD 315—14th AVE., S. E. MR. GLEASON S NEW ROOMS ARE THE MOST COMPLETE AND COMMO DIOUS IN THE CITY. Tri-State and Northwestern Telephones. Let your next pair of shoes be Edwin Clapps "They are the be|t in the laaiP V* IV &'% E. w BA2fL,LE. Judge of Probnte. Attest: P. W. Gosewisch, Clerk »f PFQbate. SAIUK|, \J k4lEY. Atty. Heat room five mimites, latest gas invention, $165 (BOYS SELLING SIX GET BEAUTIFUL PENKNIFE) gallon fiaest blueing, 18c make wash ing easier, two boxes Swish 40c. Rose, 404 East 52, New York City. HOES 400 ROBERT ST., ST, -PAUL. (RYAN HOTtiL) v^_. "WANTED—Young men to travel •wSth crew managers. Expenses paid. Gall 3 to 6, The Catholic Bulletin, 212 Globe Bldg.. St. Paul. WANTED—Middle-aged woman, housekeeper for pfiest. Address varc of Tho Catholic Bulletin.