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OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE ARCH DIOCESE OF ST. PAUL AND THK DIOCESE OF DULUTH. Published every Saturday at 315 New ton Bldg'., Fifth ami Minnesota Streets, 8t. Paul, Minnesota, by The Catbolle Bulletin Pnbllalilas Co. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 a year, payable in advance. $2.50 a year to foreign countries. Advertising Rntea on Application. Ail advertisements are under edito rial supervision. None but reliable lirmB and reputable lines of business are ad vertised arxl recommended to our read era. A mention of THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN* when writing: to advertisers, will mutually beneficial. The mailing label on your paper is a receipt for your subscription, and a re minder of the date of its expiration. To insure change of address, the sub scriber must give the old, as well as the new, address. Remittance may be made by Draft. Post Office or Express Money Order, or Registered Letter, addressed to THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, 315 Newton Bldg., St. Paul, Minnesota llrv. James 1. Itenrilon, Editor-in-Chief. Her. C. F\ MoGlnnls. Ph. D., Associate IMIior. narry Looheed, Advertising Manager. Printed by 'Wlllwerseheid A Roith. Entered as second-class matter, Jan uary 12, 1911. at the post office, St Paul, Minn., under Act of March 3, 1879 Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized September 15, 1918. SATURDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1919. Ail interesting series of articles on Switzerland begins in this is sue. It shows how the Catholics of the mountain country wor shipped (iod in grand and im posing churches. Recently the Catholic Charities Review printed a very interesting article from the pen of R. M. Est court, Ph. D. It deals with some modern programs of Catholic re form, and it has now been issued in pamphlet form. Social work ers will find this brochure of more than passing interest. The leaders of Bolshevism in Moscow say that "there can be IJO progress so long as belief in God and in the devil exists." The destruction of religion is as es sential a part of the Bolshevist program as the destruction of (Masses in societv. fTiio Episcopal Congress, held in the United States recently, has appropriated four million dollars for .Japanese missions, and four and a half millions for the mis sions in China. And the Episco palians are only one of the many sects actively at work in the Ori ent, ami generously financed from home. .V correspondent of the Catholic Advance of Wichita writes of the value of a Catholic paper: "For many years the Advance was the only means of spreading the doc trines of the Church at —. For many yeai*s I saw that it went to most families, and if there were those who could not afford to take it, I paid the subscription.. It kept the camp fires burning until our church was started." Whenever a Roman consistory is announced the press at once in forms lis as to the names of the future .Cardinals. Usually an American is included in the list. One of the surest ways of hurting a prelate is to continuously bring his name before the public as a certain candidate for the honor of the Cardinalate. Rome is not ac customed to be guided in her choice of prelates by the prophets of the press. The Methodist Christian Advo cate observes: When Cardinal Mercier arose to respond to the welcome accorded him by the rep resentatives of the Protestant Episcopal Church in convention at Detroit he addressed them as "brothers in Christian faith." It is fine to hear the Cardinal thus, lie has passed through too much of l&te years to be and speak other wise. Suffering will invariably extend horizons. S The National Catholic War Coraieil has just: issued the eighth in its series of Reconstruction pamphlets. The present one deals with Girls' Welfare. It treats of all the problems that affect the welfare of the wage-earning girl housing, recreation, education employment, rest, and other top ics. Our Catholic welfare agencies would do well to pattern their work on the suggestions offered in the latest word from the Coun cil. In these modern times, we are told, the average duration of hu man life is fifty-one and a half years. The Biblical span was sev enty. The drop is ascribed to our way of living. Were we to elimi nate easily preventable diseases, argue the scientists, we could get part way back to the allotment of Bible days, and live., .ten-fears linger. "We are not only Ignorant, they say, of the ways of preserv ing health, but indifferent, more over, to the suggestions that au thorities offer ns. The progress of England towards sheer paganism continues at an alarming rate, says a Lon don writer. An Anglican divine, backed by a Presbyterian, has proposed that, in order to attract young people to the Church, the places of worship should be turned into dancing halls during the week. Indeed, the Presbyterian says they already do dance in their kirk in Scotland and five shilling tickets and jazz bring the people in crowds. "Riirht Rev. Paul Matthews, Bishop of the Episcopalian Dio cese of New Jersey, in an address, delivered at Atlantic City last week, made the following decla ration, which is as true as it is courageous: "One thing we need today is holy matrimony. The present divorce laws legalize con secutive polygamy. The only country in the world, where more divorces are granted than in America, is Japan and I now fear we have passed Japan's record." The tolerance of the crime of di vorce by the non-Catholic churches is responsible, in great measure, for this unsavory record. A very timely editorial appears in a recent issue of the "Hartford Transcript," condemning the abuse of the Sacrament of mar riage by the use of "mock mar riages" for entertainment, says the "Providence Visitor." The editor cites an instance of a 'mock marriage" being held by Catholic young ladies and adds the hope that the "ladies were very young." .Marriage is too sa cred a thing to be mocked, espe cially in these days when the tendency is to make light of the marriage bond. "The Leader" of San Francis co, very justly and apropriatelv offers this bit of editorial com ment: "Father Vaughan of Lon don, in a perfervid, nay, delirious, ecstasy of patriotism, declares he never felt prouder of being Eng lish, the finest race the sun had ever seen or warmed or cherished, a people inspired as none other on earth with love of justice, peace and freedom." The concluding phrase of this starting declaration would make an excellent motto to engrave on the portals of the jails in Ireland, where hundreds of men ind women are suffering unspeak ably for the "extraordinary crime" of voicing their love for their native land in their native tongue. Very good advice is given the Methodists by "The Catholic News" of New York, when it says: "The Methodists are plan ning to expend eight million dol lars to 'convert' the Mexicans. In view of the fact that not ten thousand Methodists go to their churches on Sunday in the great city of New York, where there are over 150 Methodist Episcopal churches, not including the Afri can section, it seems that it might be well for the Methodists to spend a few millions on home missions for the purpose of mak ing their own communicants at tend the Church services. In the United States the white Method ists have about 8,000,000 members and over 29,000 ministers. There is a minister for every 270 Meth odists. Their Church property is valued at about $230,000,000. There is only one Catholic priest for about every 700 Catholics. But the Catholics go to church. If the Mexicans who chance to be come Methodists fall into the Methodist ways of not attending church services in the cities the expenditure of the $8,000,000 will hardly be worth while.'' We have heard of no serious protest going forth from Ameri can sources to the British govern ment, in consequence of the, to say the least, inhospitable treatment accorded Mr. William E. Johnson during his London visit in the in terests of prohibition and the Anti-saloon League. People over here seem to have received the news in quite the same frame of mind as Mr. Johnson himself ap pealed to be, when his unexpected "march of triumph" was brought to an end,—he is reported to have been smiling. The Catholic Rec ord of London, Ontario, foresees no prospect of international fric tion because of the affair no one, of course, is silly enough to draw general conclusions about Eng land or Englishmen or even about English medical students, from this particular incident. Yet, notes our contemporary, had it happened in Ireland, and had the medical students been Sinn Fein ers, proofs strong as Holy Writ would be forthcoming immediate ly, that the Irish were savages un fit for self-government, and that the .Ulster oligarchy must be up held by all good Democrats. When toes are tread upon, it makes all the difference in the world who does the treading."*'"" The Coadjutor Archbishop of Melbourne has been, as always, speaking to the point—this time on the subject of profiteering, which exists in free Australia as well as in the old coifhtry. His Grace said: "The profiteers and the Bolsheviki are to be dealt with drastically. Moreover, we are told that profiteering is the root cause of Bolshevism. I quite agree with that. And I think, too, that if the powers that be, or that are to be, would concentrate their efforts upon the profiteers they would then.find that in Australia Bolshevism, as it is represented to us, has no existence. Australians are, as a body, a law-abiding peo ple, who do not want anarchy or disorder they want fair play— and that will satisfy them. I trust, however, that the profiteer ing which is to be dealt with is not merely what is known as war profiteering. There was profiteer ing before the war—it was largely responsible for the grossly un equal distribution of wealth and until some way is found for check ing it, there will be no rest and abiding peace in the community." SINCE WASHINGTON'S TIME. On December 14, 1790, the Fa ther of his Country gave up his soul into the hands of God. In the short space of one hundred and twenty years the thirteen original colonies have expanded into the most powerful and one of the largest nations on the earth. Boastful, in a way, of its great ness, as is wont with all peoples, it remained for a titanic struggle to convince the world that Amer ica's claims were not mere "bluff," but that they rested upon a foundation of reality. The immortal Washington left his paternal advice to his children of the nation. He warned them that the world would look with en vious eyes on this new experiment in government. lie recalled how the peoples of earth had been downtrodden for so many ages that imperial power would do its worst in the endeavor to over throw a government of the mere people. With far-seeing gaze he penetrated the possibilities of the future and warned against alli ances with the monarchical na tions of Europe. So hateful was imperialism in his eyes that he called all such possible relations, entangling. Through his super human efforts and the bravery of his people he had succeeded in disentangling this nation from the meshes of European intrigue and power. Now on his bed of death would he leave the solemn warning to eschew the danger of once more entering the coils of the foreign serpent. The recent war seems to have changed the policy of this gov ernment. They apparently have forgotten the injunction of Wash ington and the reason thereof, namely, that European nations are bound up by centuries of intimate l'-elation either of friendship or of hatred that their every move is toward the realization of their na tional ambitions that an outsider is welcome only in so much as he is able to help them achieve those ambitions that, in a word, Amer ica and other extra-European countries must stand or fall on their own efforts without the cer tainty of assistance from Europe when there is question of settling old scores among those ages-old enemies. It is not at all certain what Washington would advise in cir cumstances like the present. Whether he would advocate a league of peoples is problematical. Doubtless his influence would be on the side of universal peace, were that feasible. Under the present conditions, however, there seems little doubt to a thinking mind that he would spurn a a league of any kind where the interests of this country are placed more or less at the bidding of foreign governments. One can scarcely imagine George Wash ington calmly agreeing to have our troops sent to the ends of the earth just because Siberians or Bulgars or Persians or Turks can not agree among themselves. America seeks .no acquisitions of territory, she is opposed to impe rialism at home and abroad, and the moment American troops set foot on a foreign soil, simply to settle a foreign mess, at that mo ment the first meshes of the alli ance web are being formed. •The value of such alliances, moreover, is more than doubtful*: it is positively undependable. This was showTn conclusively in the past few- years. Italy had an iron-bound treaty with Germany, but Italy quickly spurned that agreement when her own inter ests seemed to suggest it. Ger many forgot her treaty towards Belgium. Japan did absolutely nothing to help England during the big struggle, though Japan had signed a treaty to help while England herself seems to have for gotten the whipping she received from this country one hundred years ago for searching American vessels, and she now, according to reports, insists on searching our vessels that enter Irish ports. Thus does history, even in our tfwn day, prove just UOW S^JIZ THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, DECEMBER 13, 1919 are such treaties with foreign nations. After all, Washington spoke with the vision of a prophet when he solemnly and paternally warned us to beware the fangs of the foreign serpent that show through so-called treaties of alli ance. GUNNING FOR OBfiENTALS. From time to time reports have come out of the Far East that the money and supplies collected in this country for the suffering Ar menians have been diverted into sectarian channels. It has been stated more than once that the Protestant sects have utilized this method in trying to win over the starving peoples of those historic countries. The report is often de nied, and again it bobs up. Some time ago Mgr. I)olci, Apostolic Delegate at Constantinople, de nied that such discrimination was practiced by the sects. That de nial seemed to settle the matter. There appears little doubt that the Committee for Armenian Re lief, soliciting help in this coun try, is actuated by the very high est motives. Its personnel and methods are strictly honorable. The same, however, does not ap pear to be true of those who ac tually dispense the charity abroad. The Apostolic Delegate at Bey routh, Syria, wrote a strong letter on October 20 of this year, in which he deplores the vicious tac tics used by the secretaries in dis tributing the alms collected here for all the suffering alike. He Avarns Catholics of the manner in which their charity is abused by the field secretaries in the East, stating that apostasy of Catholics is what is asked in order to enti tle them to a little relief sent them by Catholics here. Naturally, such charges will be denied by those who are chiefly concerned. They are on a level with the wonderful "patriotic" work done by a certain welfare organization among our soldiers abroad. This particular agency received contributions from Amer icans at home to be given free to American soldiers abroad. The world knows how, on countless oc casions, these gifts were sold by the contemptible agents of Amer ican generosity, sold to the suf fering and the dying, denied even to the suffering unless paid for in real cash. What such scoundrels did in Europe is easily under stood in Asia. If .yojjwish ta,contribute to the alleviation of misery in Armenia or Syria, send your offering through the proper channels. THE LITTLE SIX. One of the principles of a demo cratic government is to give a re spectful hearing to a serious mi noritv. The majority is not neces sarily always right: the minority also has some rights. Recently the President of the Irish Republic toured this country in the interests of the vast major ity of his people. He unfolded their plans and their aspirations, and he told how a small minority in the North opposed these aspira tions. Naturally, we expected in time to hear from this minority, and lo! they have already arrived. A layman led by six ministers, or vice versa, has come to tell us just what Ulster wants. As impartial beings we are anxious to hear their arguments: as rational be ings we shall not be convinced by the ravings of fish women, clerical or lay. In the first place, the Ulsterites have maintained that the Irish question is outside the realm of religion. Then why send a delega tion six-sevenths of which is com posed of clergymen. Had De Valera been accompanied by six priests they would have been re ceived far less warmly in this country. Even Catholics would not have approved such a mission ary enterprise. But then perhaps the work of the six will take the form of revival meetings: in that ease we are wrong in our judg ment. Again. Scarcely had the mys tie seven stepped upon our liospit able shores than, according to the press, they fired a broadside kind of salvo in their o\^n honor, They announced to a waiting na tion that the work of the Sinn Fein in Ireland "is not supported nor respected by the better type of people in Ireland, whether Catli olie or Protestant." If that be true, then the better type of peo ple" in that little island forms only twenty per cent, for statistics show that eighty per cent of the Irish were behind the Sinn Fein program in the recent elections What hurts more is the conclusion that Cardinal Logue, the Bishops and clergy do not belong to the better type, for they also stand with the Sinn Fein. Sure, 'tis a queer nation where eighty per cent of the inhabitants demand their freedom, while the better type, which should know better, yearns to be classed among the subject races. As Americans, with the traditions of Washington, Yal ley Forge, Cornwallis, etc., fresh (in memory, we do not quite fathom that kind of type, during our revo lution we also had a "better type," they were called Tories, but they were all lost after the big upheaval at Yorktown since then we have had to struggle along without a 'better type." 'The Sinn Fein is a movement akin to the Bolshevist republic in Russia. Their methods are alike." So say the six little ... of Tooley Street. If this also be true, then must be imagined Cardinal and Bishops, not to mention priests and laity, immersed in an orgy of blood, robbery and crime. For that is Bolshevism in Russia. Now, we would not speak so unkindly even of Protestant bishops or clergy, for we know they would not be guilty of such outrages. And we have a suspicion that the Catholic clergy and hierarchy are ather respectable beings, even if they are not numbered among the 'better type." De Valera on his tour delivered broadsides of facts and figures marshalled with matchless logic. Let the delegation from Ulster irri tate him: give us facts and fig ures and some logic to co-ordinate them, and then there will be room for serious discussion. Every peo ple that has a grievance rushes to present its case to the American public. We are not nationally an emotional people: we are prac tical: we like statistics and good arguments. Firebrand oratory belongs to the tropics. In the language of the street, such tactics 'get you nowhere." And a man named Coote shall lead them. F0W1H DEGREE CLASS 1,100 CANDIDATES PRESENT AT K. .OF C. INITIATION. Exemplification of, the Fourth De gree of the Knights of Columtms he fore 1,100 candidates, of whom 800 are ex-service men, was held Sunday, No vember 30, in the Hotel La Salle, Chi cago, lollowing which a banquet was served to 1,600 of the order. This is the largest class of candidates ever initiated by the Knights of Columbus, it was said. Thomas P. Flynn, of the Marquette province, was toastmaster of the ban quet, and the following members re sponded to toasts: Rev. Capt. George T. McCarthy, and Supreme Knight James A. Flaherty of Philadelphia. Jl UNIQUE PiLGRI TEN tHOUSAND TYROLESE TAKE PART IN REMARKABLE DEMON STRATION AT THE SHWNE OF ABSAM. A touching picture of the deep faith in Tyrol is reported from Innsbruck, anent a great pilgrimage of ten thou sand people to the little shrine of Absam, close to the historic and quaint city of Hall. The purpose of the athering was pictured in his sermon by Coadjutor-Bishop Dr. Waitz as a direct appeal to Almighty God toward a reunion of the separated and an nexed parts of the South Tyrol, which the Peace Treaty of Versailles gave to Italy, irrespective of the German birth and affiliations of hundreds of thousands of its inhabitants. The miraculous picture of the Blessed Virgin at Absam appeared in 1796 on _a window-pane, when Tyrol was threatened with extinction by the French. As she then relieved the sorely pressed people from their op pressor, so now the Catholic faithful Tyrolese put their trust in the Mother of Sorrows to alleviate the monstrous wrong done their brethren south of the Brenner. Hundreds of American priests, who studied in Innsbruck and who have many times made the pil rimage to Absam, will surely give this important petition of their pleas ant former hosts the support of prayer at the altar of God. AT MISSOURI UNIVERSITY CATHOLIC STUDENT HOME IS AL MOST FINISHED. The Catholic Student Home, which is being built at the University of Missouri by the Knights of Colum bus of Missouri, is nearing comple tion. It will be formally opened Janu ary 14, according to an announce ment made by Luke Hart, State Dep uty of the Knights of Columbus, in a recent visit of inspection to Colum bia. Students will move into the building before that date, however. HIM run MOVEMENT FOR THEIR PRESEN TATION LAUNCHED IN NEW YORK. A project- to present a series of Catholic plays, of interest through their religious character to millions of Americans, was launched at the Thanksgiving luncheon of the Catho lic Actor's Guild at the Hotel Astor in New York. The idea was promul gated by the founder of the body, Rev. John Ttlbot Smith, in addressing the two hundred members present. There was' a demand for such productions, Father Smith declared, from 20,000,000 persons in this country. The presen tation of such plays, he said, would do away with the present condition of frivolity in the theatre, which pre sents the spectacle of "clever men acting to audiences of idiots." Addresses also were made by Ethel Barrymore, who received a large bou quet of flowers from the guild Mgr. Dunn, Chancellor of the diocese Wil ton Lackaye, Augustus Thomas, Rev. Francis P. Duffy and Alfred Hender son. Brandon Tyuan presided. U HONOR ARMY NUNS EXERCISES AT NOTRE DAME IN MEMORY OF FIFTY-SEVEN NURSING SISTERS. Buried in the oblivion of humility for years, the memories of fifty-seven Sisters of the Holy Cross who ren dered heroic service as army nurses during the Civil- and Spanish-Ameri can wars, were honored Sunday, No vember 30, at St. Mary's, Notre Dame, by Church, state, and nation. Thir teen other Sister-nurses, war veter ans all, took part in the tribute. In a way, part of the tribute was theirs. White governmental tombstones, 36 inches high, 12 inches wide and 4 inches deep, marked the humble graves of the 57 deceased Sisters. They are scattered throughout the little community cemetery, each bear ing the name, religious and wordly, and the terse inscription, Army Nurse. American flags draped all 57 stones. The exercises were divided into two programs, one religious and the other patriotic. In the morning, Rt. Rev. Michael J. Gallagher, Bishop of Detroit, and National Chaplain of the Ancient Order of Hibernians, offi ciated at a Pontifical Military Mass in St. Mary's chapel. Very Rev. John Cavanaugh, former president of Notre Dame, now of the Holy Cross. House of Studies in Washington, preached the sermon. In an eloquet tribute to the Ursulines, the Sisters of Charity, the Sisters of Mercy, the Sisters of St. Joseph, the Sisters of the Holy Cross and to the other nuns who ministered to Ameri can sick and wounded in American wars, he told of the glory they had brought to the Church in America. Monsignor John P. Chidwick, direc tor of Dunwoodie Seminary, Chaplain on the U. S. S. Maine in 1898, deliv ered the principal patriotic address of the day at the afternoon exercises Addresses were also delivered by other noted speakers. 10 HISTORIC DATES AMERICAN HISTORICAL EVENTS —1783 AND IN 1919. November 25 marks two dates in American History. On November 25, 1783, New York was evacuated by the British. Knowing full well that they had wrung a great country from the clutch of Great Britain, the pa triots calmly watched the departure of the Red Coats on that date. November 25, 1919, marked another phase of American history. The Stars and Stripes surrendered to the British ensign. The United States Shipping Board delivered the former German liner, the Imperator, to the Cunard Steamship Company1. At the sound of the bugle call, the Stars and Stripes came down, and the Union Jack went up. No ceremonies marked the surren der. No sound of rejoicing marred the incident, but behind the closed doors of the British Embassy .there was great joy. America had made a contribution that meant much to Great Britain in her battle for su premacy of the seas. The British never for a moment doubted that the Imperator and the other seized ships would finally fly the British flag. Months ago, officers and crew were organized and sent here to await the surrender. The Detroit Free Press is authority for the statement that 70% of the German fleet has been awarded to Great Britain, and 2% to the United States. JOES NMH SINGER FRIENDLY TO NEGRO RACE. John McCormack, the famous tenor, is educating a Negro boy at Fisk Uni versity. It is said that later he is to train his voice because he feels confi dent that the young man will become a world-renowned singer. John Mc Cormack has already shown his friendship for the Negro race by the generosity with which he has always helped along the fair of the Church of St. Benedict the Moor in New York City. Nearly a third of the proceeds of that fair came for the past few years from the contribution donated by Mr. McCormack. POPE PRAISES LEADER PRESIDENT OF RELIEF SOCIETY RECEIVED AT VATICAN. Pope Benedict last Saturday re ceived Mrs. John Adams Drake of New York City, president of the American Free Milk and Relief for Italy society. He congratulated her on her work in supplying milk to Italian children and invalids and ex pressed his gratification. He present ed her with an autographed photo graph and imparted his blessing upon her work. Mrs. Drake's organization will sup ply milk to the sanitorium for tuber culous children which Pope Benedict has founded near Rome. THE CATHOLIC DIRECTORY At the recent meeting in Washing ton, D. C., the Most Reverend Arch bishops and Right Reverend Bishops decided that the annual issues of The Official Catholic Directory must here after appear early in the year. An official order was deceived directing the publishers, P. J. Kenedy & Sons, to begin printing the 1920 edition on December 8. v-V'fc' DOMAIN OF TEMPERANCE HOW THE QUESTION CAME HOME. In the dusk of a summer evening I rocked my child to rest Then sat and mused, with my darling Still folded to my breast. A His ringlets swept my sholder, His breath was on my cheek, And I kissed his dimpled fingers, With a love I could not speak. A form came through the gateway, And up the garden walk— And my neighbor sat down, as often, To have an eVening talk. She saw me caress my baby With almost reverent touch, And she shook her gray head gravely: "You love that boy too much!" 'That cannot be," I answered, "While I love our Father more He smiles on a mother's rapture O'er the baby that she bore." For a while we both sat silent, In the twilight's deeper gray Then she said, "I believe that baby Grows lovelier every day. "And I suppose that the reason I feel so drawn to him, Is because he reminds me strangely Of my own little baby, Jim." My heart stood still a moment With a horror I dared not show, While a trembling voice beside me Went on, in accents low: "Just the same high, white forehead, And rings of shining hair, And smile of artless mischief I have seen my Jamie wear. "And I've sometimes thought—well, Mary, Was echoing in the room. And when the lamp was lighted, I knelt at my baby's bed And wept o'er the noble forehead And the ringlet-crowned head. For I thought of the bloated visage, And the matted hair of him Whom all the village children Knew only as "Drunken Jim." And my heart cried out, "O Father, Spare me that bitter cup! And destroy the liquor traffic Before my boy grows up." Temperance Cuuae. APPEAL OFJNCENTIANS PARTICULAR COUNCIL ST. VINr CENT DE PAUL SOCIETY OF THE CITY OF MINNEAPOLIS ASKS FOR HELP IN ITS GREAT WORK OF CHARITY. Dear Friend: i 11 The feeling perhaps you guess— That my trouble would now be lighter Had I loved my baby less." My neighbor rose abruptly, And left me in the gloom, But the sob of a broken spirit Minneapolis. Each year since its formation the Particular Council of St. Vincent de Paul Society at Christmas time has appealed to the charitably disposed for funds to carry on its work in Min neapolis. It has heretofore been ex plained, and we think it is now gen erally known, that this society pays particular attention to the work of the city missionary, and our annual report shows in detail how the funds subscribed have been disposed of. In each parish where there is a confer ence of this society the people are familiar with the work, and it there fore seems unnecessary to go into further detail. The response made to our appeal last year was so small that it was necessary for the city missionary. Father Driscoll, to raise by entertain ments and other means, sufficient money to carry on the work of the St. Charles' mission and his juvenile court work. Our treasurer's report, which is printed and circulated in our annual report, shows how few con tributors there are. We hope this year to approach the mark set by St. Paul where over $3,000.00 a year is regularly contributed by a large list of patrons. The city missionary asks for $6,000 to properly do his work during the year 1920. The scope of his work is outlined in detail in his letter to the society. It ought not be neces sary to make an urgent appeal to se cure this money, because at this sea son those who have been blessed with prosperity should especially remem ber the poor, and the society feels no hesitation in asking you to make a donation within your means, and in this way not only help to bring joy to some of the poor but to make the city missionary feel that we are inter ested in his work, and that we are willing to contribute our means and our time to help in carrying it on. It would seem that he should be relieved from the necessity of financing his own work, and that his time should be free to devote to the great charity -In which he is so deeply interested. Will you kindly help to make up this sum of $6,000 by sending a dona tion to our treasurer, Mr. John M. Gleason, 111 South 9th street, or to any of the officers of this organiza tion, or to your pastor. You could also help by calling the attention of others to this appeal, and we trust the response will be generous and general that the work may not fail for lack of funds. Sincerely yours, PETER CARTER, Secretary. ENVOY REACHES ROUE Edward J. Dagnino, the first minis ter of Venezuela to the Vatican, ha« arrived in Rome. He presented his. credentials 'to the Pope last Tuesday,