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QUE 5 Regarding Freemasons. Some lime n^o this column stated K in a KYeemason could becoaie a v ,i:holic under certain severe condition.-. I tain pu-:i.. membership in the Masons. This was mentioned in connection with other forbidden societies of which it is true. While sor.i -s have held this rule to at.pi\ i Masons, a further exam i:i non i authentic papal deoroes r-hows? til :. »sent legislation forbids ic prac Hence today a Mason cannot under any conditions whatever loin the Catholic Church and still re a Mason, even in a passive is there a St. 0!sf rher- is a St. Ola:. tv- ,iio.t ticiit. v. fa thl» department qucntion* of Rfncrnl InterMt In rrKard to religion nil) be •nincrril ench week lit th«r order in wliK'h they are received. All eonnnunl cattoiin mnat be signed, thonich the iiHtiie will not be published. Address "Question and Answer," care The Catholic Bulletin, 315 Newton Bids., St. Paul. if Xoi '.va, :. i i 1 i S hi. kin'-i. e intrii»ti' \1 -I iaiiiiy inf.. iiled in battle odiice He w. s Who are tho Little Si^ioia of the r-\ or? The Congrev: n lh I Si:? !ii.:n.'.- 'n Til-it- I •. ial ob- O! V. Wt'll is ,!'i' of ad make the usual i they uiii a fourth hospitality, which I i :i' ir r: homes comes from the labors isters. and from alms. They hearsing food for their poor. i.- -n :-e-ir ... a: !i. S:- I:: 1: !':,on i i,. i i. 1 •(. .)!' I i i. w' ..I ill '. ue I i I a i 1 li o 11 i a- !i oil of I he i.iiia I iie\ s.t*i 1 e a e a S s u i hear, there is an extraordinary clock. °!ease give description and name of iniilder. In the so'Hh of tI'e Cath .1 r»* "n :ra-lu-ai u lur, :1 tronomi \.-.s i iistructi .! early i,:, •. :o i century. 1. 1 .".74 e lirst clock, which had been out oi der for years, was rebuilt by Dasy dius This second clock was in use j,,. a i,i O. :r injured s- a.-a 1 ej|' ira i HlstlU h. 'lnvilgo, a clockmaker of tlie i y, ho worked at it from 18P.8 to 1S42 ud produced the present wonderful a". a'ai-M! a iarr.e i- Ivuctui. i a a a a a a a! r,w i-ra, all deco rated with paintings. Then- is a com plete planetarium, showing all the movements of the planets in our solar a a: Behi .. ihi:', th' i* a a calenda!'. On the ii galler a an^el stril-e.- Tae quai o on a beii liis hand. At his side nnotle a/ure reversea sandgla ovary hour. -Ulerv above this a skeleton the hour, while around it are nni]''-d a boy, a young man, an adult, nd an old man, represent ins? il.e four uarters of the hour. Under rst allery, each day of the week, the ymbolic deity of that day steps out of i niche. On Sunday, Apollo Diana on Monday, etc. In the highest nicl e. noon, twelve apostles move around a fiacre of our Saviour. On th" innaele of the side tower a cock is ...rr-tipd which flaps its winy-, n. h, neck and cio. s in a loud a The remarkable perfection of 'his clock is to be found in the fact that i! regulates itself and adapts it. niovenients to the revolutions of the •a. on-- for an unlimited number of oar a I he change and progress of lie lour seasons are n'po shown by allegorical figures. .Did not the Popes forge a number of documents, now known as the False Decretals, to establish their monstrous claim of universal domi nion? I a been conclusively proved. I. i a i i Catholic and Protestant critics, that the "False Decretals" did not originate in Home, hut in West ern France, about A. D. 845-8?7. The forgeries in the collection were not compiled in the interests of the Popes at all, but directly to restrict the power of the metropolitans, and relieve the Bishops from oppression by the secular powers. This is ad mitted by Protestant scholars, as Splitter, Knust, Yasserschleben, Wal ter and Moehler. "In fact, there is siot a single prerogative or privilege of Rome asserted in the False Decretals which was not generally recognized as the common law of the Christian Church. They changed noth ing at most they only put into con venient shape what was before less easy of access, and so helped popular ize a dictrine which was sometimes forgotten by local prelates, and to keep before their minds that depend ence on the Holy See which is the central doctrine of Catholic ecclesias Heal discipline." Catholic critics like Cardinal de Cusa, the Ballerini, Bel larmin, and Baronius proved long ago that these documents were forgeries. The Popes saw them disappear with perfect equanimity, for their power rested not on them, but on the words of Christ. How can an intelligent man believe that the Pope is exempted from the sins common to humanity? Catholics do not believe this. Infallibility has nothing whatever to do with the personal moral character of the Pope. He may commit r.in as any other Catholic, and he is. bound 1o use the same divine means of par don, the sacrament of penance. There absolutely no copnectlon between the two ideas of impeccability, which means immunity from sin in keeping the moral law, and infallibility, or freedom from error in teaching the Church the doctrines of Christ. FJllitlESJSOCIMM (Continued from p«g« 3.) not in their origin, at least by appro priation, which we not only may, but should cordially support. Our legis latures are today crowded with meas ures such as these, many of which, if enacted into law, will help at least in the solution of our troubles. It mat ters little whether, they are called so cialistic or not. The question is, are they based oil justice? Will they be helpful to the people? Their enact ment and progress, as well as the philosophy back of them may find their development in Ihe recent field of ..eror.au ics. Just as with our human nanire and the desire to possess in herent in it. £o in the problems of the conquest of the air, we know the unchangeable law of gravitation—that what i.i heavier than air will under normal conditions fall to earth. It (ioes not prevent us, however, from reeking the Jitful conquest by forces other than the air itself, which for a while may neutralize the law, but when its task is ended, quickly yields. So, with the social problems there are certain laws we may not set ftut we have still the reason to .at :ale day by day lifting ourselves on the winus of charity, looking to the Sun of Justice, and hoping at length for the triumph of right. With us that triumph should be a passion but a passion controlled by justice—exer cised in ia tie lire, 1,11(1 all lime mil llli:iye to i !Ie Voir:- and I In.- 1 .a v, of C.od. SAURIES OF PRIESTS MILWAUKEE ARCHDIOCESE WILL ADOPT NEW SCHEDUl^E FOR MAINTENANCE OF CLERGY. Tnder date March 25, Archbishop Ah-ssmer u issued a decree increas ing pastors" salaries. The following rule was adopted at the meeting of consultors and deans !. City pastors shall receive an an :i al salary of one thousand dollars, together with the so-called Sunday, Christmas and Easter collections. The term "city" means a place of :i :ho isand or more inhabitants. Country pastors shall receive an ai.Hiii.l salary of twelve hundred dol lars together with the Sunday, Christ mas and Easter collections. Assistant priests shall receive a:i annual salary of five hundred dol '. i I ... l'a: toi's will receive four hun dred a an i dollars annually for the board of each assistant. Where a mission is attached to a country parish, a minimum of three hundred dollars over and above the regular salary shall be paid to the pastor by said mission for transporta tion expenses. The rule is retroactive to Januarv I, iliJM JM (KIIIS CATHOLIC GIRL CAPTURES FOUR PRIZES. Elizabeth MeCabo. daughter of James J. McCabe, of Brooklyn, N. Y„ who attends St. Joseph's Academy at Brentwood, has been awarded the prize for the best essay in the entire city written by a girl in the contest in the New York recruiting district on "The Benefits of an Enlistment in the IT. S. Army." In addition, she has been awarded the Batterman prize for Queens, Nassau and Suffolk Counties, the "Eagle" prize and the Brooklyn prize. FWiSM PRIESTS ROME AWAITS NEWS OF FRAN CI SCAN HEROES—HAVE SUF FERED FROM TURKS. News of several Franciscans who were driven from Marash, Asiatic Turkey, by Turks and Arabs, is wait ed anxiously by their confreres and the Vatican. Tt is feared that sotne of them have been massacred or died of starvation in an attempt to reach Aleppo or Alexandretla. In a refer ence to these missionaries, the Osser vatore Romano calls them "New Fran ciscan Heroes." As the custody of the Holy Places extends also to Syria and other parts of the Near East, where many Chris tians have been living under Mussel man rule, the Franciscan Fathers at tempted to return to these districts, including Armenia. Desolation con fronted them at every step. Churches, schools and homes had been de stroyed, trees had been cut down and crops had been looted. After beginning their attempt to re store the wreck and succor the peo ple, the Franciscans were subjected to a new persecution by the Mussel mans. Marash suffered particularly. One Father escorted a number of his people in safety to Adana, but died from exhaustion and exposure short ly after his arrival there. The Supe rior of the Marash mission was driven out of his mind temporarily by his experiences, FATHER VAN 60ETHEM BELATED CITATION AWARDED TO KEYSTONE DIVISION CHAPLAIN. The Rev. G. C. Van Goethem of Nogales, Ariz., who "served for more than two years on the Mexican border with the troops as a Knights of Co lumbus chaplain and later in France, has been cited by Colonel George C. Kickard, commander of the 112tli reg iment of infantry, of the 28th divi sion (Pennsylvania troops). Colonel Rickard apparently has been under the impression that his citation had long ago been delivered to the priest because he had it writ ten almost one year ago. Recently Father Van Goethem, who was a real "buddie" with the men of the Key stone Division which went through some of the hardest fighting at the Ar gonne and Meuse offensive and then towards Sedan, is praised in the fol lowing communication accompanying the citation: "Your untiring energies on the bat tlefield, in the billet or wherever duty called you, whether with the dead, the wounded, the sick or well, irre spective of whether it was a Jew, Catholic or Gentile, or just an ordi nary Alothodist like mvsell", was splen did. "So far as 1 could see you worked in the interest of humanity, doing what was possible for you to do, both spiritually and physically, and by these traits and your disregard for personal safety or comfort, not only won my heart, but the affection of every officer and man who came in contact with you in the performance of your duties. Rickard, Colonel, 112th Tnf. 28 Div." CATHOLIC KH'I It! BOARD OF DIRECTORS OF NA TIONAL COUNCIL TO GATHER MAY 7 IN CHICAGO. Members of the Board of Directors of the National Council of Catholic Women, elected at the conference of Catholic women of America held la March, will meet for their first ev e utive se-Kion in Chicago on .Vlar V. The meeting, which will he held at Hot"! lilackstone, will start the ma chinery which is to put into effect plans outlined at the first conference oi the organization, which represents more than one million Catholic women in all parts of the United States. In cluded among the projects that will be discussed is affiliation with the Catholic women of Europe and South America. Co-operation with the work of the International Association for the Protection of Young Women, which has branches in every large European country, will have a prom inent place in the discussion. The members of the board of di rectors include: Mrs. Michael Gavin. New York Mrs. William T. Donovan, St. Louis Miss Agnes Regan, San Francisco Mrs. Theresa Molamphy, Pittsburgh Miss Florence Loeber, New Orleans Mrs. Harry Benzinger, Baltimore: Mrs. Francis E. Slattery, Boston Mrs. Edward T. Cudahy, Chi cago Mrs. James If. Hackett. Milwau kee Mrs. Louis Nash, Omaha Mrs. Ellen Weekbaugh, Denver: Mrs. \V. J. O'Toole, St. I'aul Mrs. Arthur Gerhel, Seattle Airs. F. E. Mackentepe, Cin cinnati. SISTERS OPJRAOHCE ST. MARY-OF-THE-WOODS TO SEND FIRST AMERICAN NUNS TO UNDERTAKE MISSIONARY V/ORK IN CHINA. Six Sisters of Providence of St. Mary-of-the-Woods, Terre Haute, Indi ana, will soon leave for China to en gage in the great missionary work now being undertaken in the vast Ori ental Republic. These Sisters from Indiana will be the first American Sisters to go into China-—all are volunteers. The Sisters go on the request of Rt. Rev. Bishop Joseph Taconi. of Honan. China, who is now in this country. When the matter was presented to Mother M. Cleophas, Sister Superior of the Motherhouse, St. Mary-of-the Woods, through Bishop Chartrand, vol unteers were asked for and almost im mediately there was a general re sponse among the Sisters, practically all of them volunteering to go to China. In this connection it may be men tioned that the foundress of the Sis ters of Providence in Indiana, Mother M. Theodore Gueiin of blessed mem ory, when she came in 1S40 to found St. Mary's with six Sisters, expressed a desire before leaving France, to go to China, where so many heroes and heroines of the Church offered their lives for the Faith working as mis sionaries. Now, eighty years after wards, six Sisters of Providence, from the great institution she founded in Indiana, will go to China, thus ful filling the ideals of their blessed foun dress. A convent and school building is already built for them in Kie-Fong-Tu, Province of Honan. They will probably sail from San Francisco early in September. An elaborate farewell reception will be given for them at St. Mary-of-the Woods on the eve of their departure. The names of the Sisters chosen will be announced in June. MRS. MUD TO HE Mrs. Mary .Jf, Mc\Vhortfr Chica go, national president of the Ladies' Auxiliary of the Ancient Order of Hi bernians, will sail for Rome on May 12. Mrs. McWhorter has been the leading spirit in the national- drive being conducted by the organization to double its membership during 1920, and which is meeting with great suc cess. More than 7iMH|0 petg&crti ROW emailed, v THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, MAY 1,1920 HOIY NAME FACTS LARGE PARADE TO MARK PROG RESS OF THE DEVOTION—ORI GIN OF GREAT SOCIETY. The pretentious plans now being made for the public procession of more than seven thousand members of the Holy Name Society from Vir ginia, Maryland and Washington, D. C., to be held on Sunday, May 9, in Alexandria, Va., are serving to create new interest in the splendid progress which this society, with a history reaching back to the middle ages, has achieved in America in the past few yean* According to the Rev. Ignatius Smith, O. P., national director of the organization, the membership of the Holy Name Society in the United States is now 1,(100,00 with new mem bers rapidly pouring in. More than 500,000 Holy Name men served in the war, according to Father Smith. The spread of public devotion to the Holy Name of Jesus had its origin in the Council of Lyons in 1274, which prescribed that the faithful every where should foster it in order to make reparation for the insults of the Albigenses and other blasphemers. Pope Gregory selected the Domin icans to preach the devotion. Among the early preachers who were famed for their eloquence and for the saint liness o£ their lives were St. Peter Martyr, Blessed Ambrose of Siena and Messed Henry Susa. The first public procession recorded in honor of the Holy Name was the one at Lisbon, Portugal, on January 1, held by the people of that city in thanksgiving for their deliverance from a plague, which deliverance was attributed to the preaching of the de votion to the Holy Name by Andrea Diaz, a retired Dominican bishop. The society has grown with leaps and bounds since its introduction into the United States. It boasts many notable branches. The New York po lice department, branch has a member ship of more than :!,00D and they pre sented an inspiring spectacle on the occasion of their annual Communion Mass in St. Patrick's Cathedral. More than 2.800 men marched in uniform to the church and Archbishop Hayes, as sisted by Monsignor Lavelle and seven olher j.nests, gave (Ini i Holy Communion. All during the Mass, rows of men were approaching the Holy Table. Plans are now being made to estab lish branches of the society in prac tically every foreign-language speak ing colony of Catholics in the United States. The Slovenian Catholic League of America has taken the in itiative in this movement, and it is ex pected that soon a branch of the so ciety will be brought into existence in every Slovenian colony in the country. NOTED PRIEST-PROFESSOR GOES TO EUROPE FOR RESEARCH WORK. Rev. Peter Guilday, Ph. D.. profes sor of modern and American church history at the Catholic University, has been invited by the authorities of the Catholic University of Louvain, Bel gium, to assist in the restoration of the famous library that, was almost wholly destroyed during the German occupation of the city. Dr. Guilday obtained his doctor's degree at Lou vain. Dr. Guilday intends to sail for Eng land about June 15, and while abroad will continue his researches in the British Museum and other deposi tories of materials which he needs to complete a work on the English Coun ter-Reformation, in the period be tween 1558 and 1829. He expects to remain in England and Belgium until next autumn. Rev. Father E. J. Ilick ev, of Detroit, a student in American ecclesiastical history, will accompany Dr. Guilday to England. While in London Dr. Guilday will slay at St. Mary of the Angels, of which the Oblates of St. Charles are in charge. To arouse interest in historical studies, especially in connection with the early work of the Church in this country, Dr. Guilday recently organ ized the American Catholic Historical Association. ARCHBISHOP OF AIX DIES A cable dispatch on April 20, an nounced the death of the Most Rev. Francis Joseph Edward Bonnefoy, Archbishop of Aix in France. Arch bishop Bonnefoy, who was eighty four years of age, was born February 26, 1836. He was consecrated in Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris, on March 12, 189H, and succeeded the late Arch bishop Gouthe-Soilard, of Aix, April IS, 1901. RULER Or SPAIN OPENS PALACE TO SOME OF THE FIVE MILLION STRICKEN CHILDREN IN EU ROPE. The Save the Children Fund which is working in direct accord with the Holy See for' the relief of the starv ing children of Central Europe, states that the King of Spain has offered the Royal Palace of the Prado to the Fund, for the purpose of housing 500 suffer ing children from Vienna. The interest the king and queen have shown on behalf of the five mil lion starving children in the famine areas of Europe, will have valuable re sults in stirring up the whole of Spain to take part in this benevolent work. The British government has given its approval to the plan which will place large numbers of the suffering children in private homes in Great Britain for a year. As soon as the necessary medical examinations have been carried out, th6 first batches of .children will be sent in the caro of guardians to the United kingdom. FRENCH WOMEN UNITE GREAT CONVENTION WAS HELD LAST WEEK—NOW HAVE ABOUT 900,000 MEMBERS. France has no nation-wide organi zation corresponding to the American National Catholic Women's Council, but this does not mean that the French Catholic women have not un dertaken any common action of re ligious and social apostolate. The "Ligue des Femmes" and the "Ligue Pat riot ique," organized around 1900, the former in Lyons and the latter in Paris, with the common object of fostering Christian life in their mem bers and of making this life radiate around them in every ,1'orm of zeal and apostolate, have a total member ship of 900,000. Another organization was formed about, the same time and devotes its efforts to the civic and political edu cation of French women to prepare them to make the best use of woman suffrage, which is looked for in France in the not-distant future. This society, called the Action Sociale de la Femme," held in Paris on April 2.°-25 a great convention destined to elicit the French woman's conceptions of family life, of industrial problems and of patriotism. The program received the Holy Fa ther's approval and was discussed be fore a large gathering of delegates 1'rom France and from several other countries. It is the ambition of the leaders of this movement, who form the very elite of French society, to bring into closer union and coopera tion tlie Catholic women of all coun tries. lUOipsinc Rt. Rev. Mgr. Joseph G. Rainer, rec tor of St. Francis Seminary, Milwau kee, Wis., celebrated his seventy-fifth birthday on Wednesday, April 21, the feast of the Patronage of St. Joseph. Monsignor Rainer was the celebrant: at the Solemn High Mass at 8 o'clock. The students presented a musical program in the evening in the audito i iliin. mm PRIEST BRITISH ADOPT AMERICAN CATH OLIC SOCIAL PLATFORM. Edward Eyre, chairman of the Cath olic Federation of England who is now in New York, reports that Catholic social reconstruction work is being taken up with the greatest enthusiasm in England. Eyre, who was here a year ago and took back with him the Catholic So cial Platform drawn up by the Rev. Joseph Ifusslein, S. .T., of New York, declares that it has been approved by Cardinal Bourne as a practical con tribution towards the solution of Brit ish as well as American problems. The Westminster Federation, the Catholic Social Guild and the Catholic Confederation, by direction of Cardi nal Bourne, have adopted Father Husslein's platform as a plan of ac tion. At a "mass meeting held in London on April 9. the platform was made the subject of a lecture by Henry Somer ville, secretary of the Catholic Social Guild. The meeting, which was most enthusiastic, sent congratulations to Father Husslein. Mr. Eyre reports that a group df ten workingmen lecturers have started a tour of England explaining and advo cating the adoption of the platform. ARCHBISHOP MANNIX OF AUS TRALIA REJECTS GIFTS OF $250,000—DESIRES TO DIE POOR. At a public meeting in Cathedral hall, in Melbourne, Australia, it was decided to present the Most Rev. Archbishop Mannix with a gift of $250,000, as a testimonial of the es teem in which he is held in Australia. Archbishop Mannix will leave on the steamer Ventura for San Francisco on May 19, en route to Rome for his ad limina visit to the Pope, and it was proposed to present him with the check before sailing. But Dr. Mannix's friends had reck oned without his permission and he courteously but firmly refused the gift. At a meeting of the Hibernians on the following day, Dr. Mannix said that if those moving in the matter had come to him beforehand they would have learned that in no circum stances would he be prepared to take any monetary presentation. It might appear that he was churlish, but he had made it a principle of his life never to accept a monetary presenta tion. He was provided for by the generosity of the Australian people, and he knew that he would be pro vided for in every reasonable need in the future. When he died as Arch bishop of Melbourne he hoped he would not have one penny in his personal account. CHMESEJOUTICS VAST POPULATION JUST AWAK ENING—NEEDS CHRISTIAN PRINCIPLES. Imagine what America wotild be if more than ninety per cent of her peo ple had never read a newspaper and knew or cared little for anything out side of their own little round of life! A fair comparison to make is with some of our backwoods people who have been living in the mountains of Pennsylvania and other states since the revolution. A few months ago there was an election in Yeungkong for the Kw'ang tung Assembly and a well-educated man of the old school was asked if he were going to vote. He hardly romprehonded the question, hut final ly aaswered, without any fihow of in- i Auto 37498 Nigh Grade Orchestra & Band Instruments. World's Simplest Bookkeeping A Y 513-517 Nicollet Avenue MINNEAPOLIS Tike Mom mem 4a 1 Dress KxMfoMcm OF THE LATE SPRING SEASON Him Pmglire^™' One Thousand of the most talked of Fashions in smart dresses, are being shown. i Gowira,//- IDilmnmer Gowes )u, e.r: o:* interpreted in Taffeta Charmtuse Georgette Tricolet Chantilly INTERESTING SPECIAL PRICES The Gown Shop —Second Floor. Stylish Open a CI large Account. E Buy Burke Bargains in HO ES. IF YOU WANT TO SELL "TRY BURKE SERVICE" Burke and Company, EAL ESTATE AND MORTGAGES. REAL 234 Plymouth Building, Puritan Phonographs, Emmerson Records. Cosmopolitan Music Co. JEAN KOCH. Musical Merchandise 23 So. 8th Street. *^103477 Minneapolis, Minn. Mail Orders Filled. terest, that a few of the head men had that in hand! Yet Yeungkong is a city of twenty-five thousand or more inhabitants. The students of the higher schools are beginning to take an interest in politics, but these schools are very few and influence only a very small percentage of the population. Grad ually the awakening will ci»a% hut now is a dangerous period. China reminds one of a boy of eight een or twenty years, who has had practically no education or experience, being thrown out into the world on his own resources. His path is full of dangers, both from himself and from those who desire to use hira for i all your bills BY check. You'll have a E K on all expenditures. Safe, Oonvenient, Dignified LET U3 SERVE YOU. American National Bank Northern Savings Bank Under Kama Management Seventh at Robert, Bremer Arcade Sie tbtiKQ- Oitiii&tf Gy. Saint Paul Laee Reproductions from famous Paris Houses. Frocks shown only by the Fifth Aveoue Shops. Suits for Men and Young Men Fine heavy Blue Series and New Novelties. Straight Front, single and double-breasted. Finely tailored— Minneapolis, Minnesota. Main 3930. my ,r w wfcVt •B? their own ends, and he is bound to make mistakes but if he has tin* qualities, and gets a little sympathetic help, he will "make good." China has many goad qualities but she needs help, and most of all, of course, the help of Christianity. She needs high ideals and a standard by which to measure conduct she needs to ^et her tdirse by the fixed star of Christian faith and Christian morality. Tn dealing with a foolish or stub born adversary remember your own moon! constitutes half the force op. posing you.