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AN OPEN LETTER TO OUR PROT
ESTANT FRIENDS. Some time ago in order to correct a rather widespread and very errone ous impression anions Protestants in respect of the teaching of the Catho lic Church on Marriage, we published a pamphlet on: "Catholics and Mar riage, says the Catholic Laymen's Association of Georgia. In this case, as in all other matters of doctrine, we arc convinced that if our Protes tant friends only knew what the Cath olic Church really teaches, much, if not all, of the prejudice against her would disappear. The Catholic Lay men's Association was established for the purpose of giving such informa tion. We had had, we think, a just cause of complaint, in the past, be cause Protestants did not seek infor mation from Catholics as to Ihe teach ing of the Church, but believed every thing they heard or read about us, no matter how hostile to us may have been the speaker or writer. Now, we wish ourselves to avoid a fault, which we have blamed in oth ers, and hence I am writing this let ter merely to ask for information from our Protestant friends, regarding their belief and practices on a question, which is of very great importance. Reforo stating the question, we beg to observe that the State of Georgia has nearly three million people, and there are not quite twenty thousand Catholics in the entire state hence we may admit that Georgia is thor oughly Protestant. The laws of the state are the expression of the popu lar will, and it is correct to say that a law, which for a long period has been on the Statute Rook of the state, with no effort made to repeal it, rep resents the will of the people. The Georgia Statutes provide that for the following -reasons men and women may secure a separation from bonds of wedlock, and. in the discretion of a jury, contract other alliances. Desertion for Threr Yeary. Conviction of Felony. i Cruelty. Habitual Drunkenness. Duress, Force or Fraud In Securing Marriage. Mental and Physical Incapacity. Certain Relationships. Adultery. A Certain Delinquency on 1 lie Part of the Woman. Bible and Divorce. It is well known by all that our Protestant friends affirm that their re ligion is founded on the Rihle. It used to be said that "the Bible and the Bible alone is the religion of Protestants." Now we read in the Rihle the fol lowing on the subject of divorce: Our Divine Saviour, as quoted in Saint Mark's Gospel, Chapter X, says: 6. But from the beginning of cre ation male and female He made them. T. On account of this a man shall leave his father and mother and shall cleave to his wife. 8. And the two shall become one flesh, so that they are no longer two, but one flesh. 9. What God hath joined together let not man put asunder. 11. And He said to them Whoso ever shall put away his wife and mar ry another commits adultery against her. 12. But if she having put away her husband marries another she commits adultery. In the Gospel of Saint Luke (Chap ter XVI: 18) we read these words of the Eternal Son of God: "Every one who puts away his wife and marries another commits adult ery, and he who marries one put away from her husband commits adultery. In the Gospel according to St. Mat thew, the following words of our Bless ed Redeemer are given: (Chapter V, Verse 32): "But I say to ynu everyone putting away his wife except for fornication makes her commit adultery and who soever marries her put away com mits adultery." It seems, therefore, very clear that God says it is sinful for a divorced person to marry again. According to the law of Georgia, however, the Courts have the right to tell a divorced person that if cer tain things are established to the sat isfaction of a Jury, it is lawful to marry again. But we do not find that Christ made a distinction of any kind. He did not say: Whosover puts away his wife and marries another is guilty of adultery, unless divorced by law. Now our question is this: Will our Protestant friends, who rely on the Bible alone, tell us how they recon cile their attitude on divorce with the Gospel teaching? If they affirm that they do not recognize the right of Christ to interfere in this matter, then we must admit that this is an answer. But they will be slow to make this defence. If, however, they recog nize the right of God to forbid di vorced persons to marry again, as we feel they do, what is their attitude toward the Law of Georgia that is in conflict with God's Law? The fact that we all know very well a number of persons who stand high in business, in society, and in some Protestant churches, who though di vorced, have re-married, is not an ans wer. The fact that some may consid er divorce and re-marriage the lesser of two evils, is not an answer. We have given Christ's words. We have given Georgia's words. Christ said in effect vou shall not grant di vorces. Georgia says, I will. The Lord said: "What God has joined together let no man put asun der." In marriages before a minister these words are usually said. The Courts, in spite of this, proceed to grant a divorce. The same or another minister performs another ceremony, and perhaps says once more: "What God has joined together let no man put asunder." Will our Protestant friends explain DTURGICALA how much things can be done by them when they rely on the Bible and the Bible alone? FAMOUS "MADONNA" 18 PUR CHASED FOR METRO POLITAN. Girolamo dei Libri's famous picture, "Madonna and Child with Saints," painted for the Church of San Leon ardo, near Verona, has been purchased by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, and will be hung with other Italian masterpieces on the south wall of one of the principal gal leries. The picture comes from Ham ilton Palace, outside of Glasgow, Scot land, where it was set in the stair way. It has been the property of the Duke of Hamilton for many years. This Madonna is of great size and has been regarded as one of the chief works of dei Libri, and among the masterpieces of Christian art. It is 14 feet, 2 inches high and feet, 2 inches wide. The supposition is that it was painted sometime prior to 1526. The Madonna and Child are shown sitting before a young laurel tree, at the right of a dead tree upon whose branches rests a peacock thus symbol izing death and the resurrection. Be low the central figures appear San Leonardo, patron of prisoners, St. Catherine, martyr, St. Augustine and St. Apollonia. In the center of the foreground three little girl angels are kneeling. Critics have long admired the rich colors in this painting. In the drap eries of the figure of the Madonna are the richest greens and blues. San Leonardo wears a dalmatic of cloth of gold which is so brilliant that the very materials seem to have been set in the painting. The wings of the little angels are colored like those of birds —some soft gray, others in part of bright red. A MOTHER'S MONITORY MODEL, The devotion of St. Anne, whose feast the Church celebrates on July 2fi, is one that finds an echo above all in the heart of every true Christian mother. She and her husband Joa chim were both of the royal house of David, not a mixed marriage—and their lives were wholly occupied in prayer and good works. One thing only was wanting to their union, they were childless and this was consid ered a bitter misfortune among the Jews.—In modern times such misfor tune is very frequently brought on purposely even by Catholic husbands and wives sometimes also by condi tions for which owners of apartment houses are responsible before man and God!?! At last, when St. Anne was an aged woman, Mary was born, the fruit of grace and prayer rather than of na ture. And this child was destined to be the Mother of God, our own sweet Mother Mary. St. Anne took spectal care of her she watched her every movement with solicitous tenderness and at the age of three years conse crated her to the Lord in His holy temple. Hence, St. Anne is glorious among the Saints, not only as the mother of Mary, but because she gave her child back to God. May Christian parents, especially mothers, learn from her to reverence a divine voca tion as the highest privilege, and to sacrifice every natural tie, however holy, at the call of God. —Exchange. VIRTUE AND KNOWLEDGE. One may be a good critic in philos ophy and a very poor judge of re ligion or history, says Henri Didon. Certain human sciences demand not only the speculative mind but a long experience. Moral doctrines are much better criticized even by the ignorant who have experimented with virtue than by the skeptic who doubts the austere joys of sacrifice. The saints who lived on the word of Jesus will always understand Him better than the exacting Pharisees who rebelled Him and knew not the Saviour. A delicate taste distinguish es shadings which escape the chem ist. THE LOVE OF GOD. Those who have learned to love the Divine Heart are taught day by day to appreciate more and more the wondrous love that was mani fested towards the human race when Our Lord instituted the Holy Eucharist. They learn, too, to form a right estimate of the coldness and indifference with which Our Lord is treated in this Sacrament of His love, and they are inspired with a desire not merely to cultivate a tender affection in their own hearts, but to spread the devotion to all mankind. Attendance at daily Mass, and Communion, if possible, or a daily visit to the Blessed Sacrament, read ing spiritual books, are means by which we may foster devotion to the Blessed Sacrament, and by the influ ence of our example bring others to a closer union with God. To num berless Catholics in our day the reproach of Our Lord might truth fully be repeated: "There hath stood One in the midst of you whom you know not." So many act as if they were unaware of the Sacred Presence patiently waiting in the tabernacle to receive \he homage and love of His children. His return to us on chir altars at Mass, at Communion, is not simply that we might worship, but that the need we have of sweetness, in re ligion might be amply supplied. We must approach His presence, gather about Hio^for refreshment of our lives, to break down the hideous monotony of our work, to add the brightness of love to the gray streets and grayer skies. Not holiness alone, but the beauty of holiness is required to bind our hearts, our whole souls to God. The child, which with its wistful trust demands protection, asks for something more than strong defense it needs also the warm welcome of love. And in so far are we all children we need the gentleness and mercy of God to be made manifest, else we shall be too frightened to go on. If religion is to mean much to me, I must approach the altar of the sweetness of God that giveth joy to my youth. SPENDING MONEY. In one of the latest numbers of the "Pathfinder" I happened upon the fol lowing new fad, the fad of spending money, says a writer in the Messenger of the Precious Blood. In one of our smaller cities there happened to be two shoe-stores. They handled dif ferent makes and brands, yet one brand you could buy in either store. One of the proprietors had a soft heart toward his patrons, he did not care to impose upon them and sold that certain brand at $8.00 per pair. The other, however, believed in mak ing hay while the sun shines and de manded twelve dollars for the same shoes^ This continued for some time, till one day a representative of the factory appeared on the scene and gave the sole agency to the latter who had all his shoes sold out, while the former had them nearly all on hand. People want to spend money, more money. Does this also hold good when mon ey is demanded for a good purpose, for the church, for orphans, for the poor of the parish, for the education of poor students, for charity institu tions, for Catholic papers and maga zines? HUMOROUS SIDE OF SPIRITISM. In the recent ravings of Spiritism one phase of it seems to have been largely lost sight of by both sides to the controversy over it. That is its humorous side, says the Pilot. In the midst of the emotional craze to taste of the novelty of the "new religion'' its supporters seem largely to have overlooked the comic opera side of it. And in their much needed zeal to save men from the horrible consequences of Spiritism, its oppo nents also seem too much to have missed the comedy element in it. Per haps they were wise in so doing, for even scorching satire is probably pow erless to cure for many people evils which enticingly tempt them. Still the fact remains that Spiritism has its comic side. What can be more comic than some of the phenom ena of "heavenly bliss" described by some of Spiritism's alleged corre spondents in—well, in what is the Spiritist equivalent of Bedlam, per haps? Is it not mildly diverting to be told that the dear departed So-and-So is still smoking some particular brand of cigarettes, or quaffing some up-to date brand of soda water, or whatever may be the very earthly-sounding brand of bliss to which the "spirit" is addicted? As Myles E. Connolly says in ah ar ticle on the comic side of Spiritism in the Catholic Weekly "America" "Once, if a man declared that his dead grandfather had made the library ta ble dance for him, or that he was chat ting with the soul of Bobbie Burns (as a medium told the writer) and Bobbie had said that they have beers and light wines in heaven, he would have been complimented for his imagina tion and command over the incongru ous by a hearty laugh. Today, he is complimented for his sincerity and sanity by a profound attention and a serious and prolonged debate." Or was the person who thus spoke of the beers and light wines uttering a high brand of comedy, or satirizing the present condition of the dry United States? Very likely the hu mor was unconscious, but therefore all the more laughable. The serious opponents of Spiritism have, of course, done a world of good. They have done more good, probably, than all the humor and satire on the subject might do. Yet there is a great power in humor and satire, for those who understand it. And Spirit ism would seem to be an excellent field for them. OPPORTUNITY FOR THE SPREAD OF THE FAITH IN WALES. The present condition of religion in Wales offers a great opportunity for Catholics to carry on propaganda work in behalf of the true faith there, in the opinion of a correspondent. Now that the Welsh Church has ceased to be a state church, and the non-Anglicans have work cut out for them to see that the Episcopal Church does not become too national, the time is looked upon by this" writer as extremely opportune for the unlim bering of Catholic apologetic guns. In this connection the correspond ent points out one great deficiency among many Catholics which greatly retards the spread of the faith among even well-disposed non-Catholics. Non-Conformists and Anglicans, he says, are ready to listen to the Cath olic case if Catholics will only cour ageously go out and present it to them. But non-Catholics complain that when they broach the subject of the Catholic religion to many Catho lics, the latter refuse to discuss it, on the ground that their belief is a "per sonal matter." This, the correspondent suggests, is unfortunate. He urges that Welsh Catholics should spread the light of truth among non-Catholics. It is in the factory and the workshop, in the mine and in the field, he suggests, that conversions are likely to take place. Humility is the foundation of every virtue. There is pio better means to obtain heavenly, gifts than humil ity.—8t. Augustine, THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN AUGUST 7, 1020 EDUCATIONAL FINANCIAL College of St, Scholastica American Exchange National Bank The Miners National Bank STOCKING LEGS FOR FOOTING Manufiicturprs of SWEATERS, HOSIERY, ETC. All kinds of Y irn for Hand Knitting DULUTH, MINN. University Affiliation Standard College Courses High School, Commercial and Preparatory Courses, Music, Art, Elocution. rnimmmamimmmmamm IviRG mmBtmmw VIRGINIA, MINN. VIRGINIA, MINN. Capital and Surylna, Member Federal Reserve Bank SAFETY BOXES FOR RENT «BDBanranmnniniiimnifiiiniBnimiii!E!ii]i!iinnnmnimRniniiRaHai I EVELETH, MINN, aiaBRninninmiiiTmmniiiiiniiiiiiiiinBiiiiiminniiimiiEiiiBiiiaBU^Hi J. C. POOLE. President JAS. A. ROBB, Vice-President J. C. McGILVERY, Vlce-Presldeal C. B. HOEL, Cashier T. 8. MALLEY, Assistant Cashier EVELETH, MINX. Capital and Surplnn, 955.049.M General Banking: and Inanmee Gk A. WHITMAN, President R. M. CORNWELU Caabler THE FIRST NAIiOiL BANK CF EVELETH EVELKTH, MINX. Capital and Surplus, $100,000.11 Your Bnilneu Invited IWWMHIlltfllWWBIIlllllUllUlllfliliy HIBBING, MINN. RYAN BROS. TRANSFER AND FUEL KTIBBINO, MINI*. Alto Trannfev tDnluth and All Range TowU MT Third Aream Plicae 4SS Nelson Knitting Mills Co. 2105 W. Sup. St., Duluth, Minn. Fine Interior Finish Lumber, Sash, Doors, and Mouldings SCOTT-GRAFF LUMBER CO. nCLBTH, SUN If, Both Phones 1940 HART TRANSFER & STORAGE GO MoTlaff Paeklac Storage Oflce: 17 North Fifth At*. W. DULUTH, MINN, Metros* 71 Grand Duluth Ice & Fuel Co. 12 EAST SUPERIOR STREET Those monuments of man's creative ability, which for centuries have been the admiration of the world, and which today are the architects' des pair because their beauty cannot be surpassed, were builded before the Church was torn asunder, and conse quently are purely Catholic, and in spite of their infinite variety are fun damentally alike. In the near East, the Byzantine Style developed out of the remains of Ancient Greece and reached the highest development in Santa Sophia at Constantinople, and St. Mark's at Venice. A phase of this beautiful style shoeing the influence of contact with the Western world is found in St. Vitale at Ravenna, and Monreale at Palermo. Nearest akin to the Byzantine architecture of the East was the Romanesque of Western Europe, and the Norman of England, the best examples of which are St. Gilles near Nimes in the Province of Gard, St. Trophine at Aries. St. Front at Perigeux, St. Paul at Is soire, Notre Dame La Grande at Poi tiers, and Peterborough and Dur ham Cathedrals in'England. The most brilliant architectural genius that our country lias produced—H. -H* Kich- PaiHngw and Closed LATH, SHINGLES AND COAL TRIBUTES ro testimony lATMl. A NON-CATHOLIC'S REFLECTIONS ON CATHOLIC ARCHITEC TURE. Eliminating the strictly classic styles of Greece and Ancient Rome, all of the other recognized architec tural styles were originated, develop ed and brought to highest prefection in the period between the conversion of Constantine A. D. 310, and the Ref ormation. You will probably challenge this statement by the question—What of the Renaissance? but I answer that query by the statement that the Re naissance was never a distinct or ganic architectural style, but only an effort to revive the classicism of An cient Rome. DULUTH DIOCESAN DIRECTORY PAIGE CHEVROLET A S AND REPUBLIC TRUCKS H. B. Knudsen Auto Co. N. W. nivtrlbntara WH04 Baat Superior Sfe DULUTH, UlJill. E Wfioletale wad Ratal] liOXO FIR AND OAK TIMIH Interior Finish of All KXnflS. fend your plana to as tor lguresi Duluth Lumber Go. Both Phones 112 Sf4 Garfield Ave. BEYOND DOUBT OR QUESTION The Glass Block Is The Shopping Center of Duluth USE DIAMOND Calks & Shoes Manufactured by Diamond Calki Horseshoe Co.^' Duluth, Minn. "BTerytbtag tor the Motorist** DULUTH AUTO SUPPLY CO. Dealers aal Miw IN Motor Car Accessories •Half th« Truck Toanaae »i America la carried oa FIRESTONE TIRES" Metro** 6S2 11S B. Sa»erlo* St. firaai SSI DULUTH Z E N I MEATS PIKE LARD ELLIOTT & COMPANY DULUTH, MINN. ARE WITHOUT Gard, St. Trophine at Aries, St. Front at Perigeux, St. Paul at Is ardson—tried to plant the Roman esque style on American soil, and in Trinity church, Boston, created one of the very beautiful churches of the world, but with his death his style disappeared because it was an exotic and could not take root in our soil for reason which I will define. While the Romanesque was flourishing in France, Germany and England, and with greater knowledge of mathema tics developing into pure Gothic to rival in exquisite beauty the highest triumphs of Greek Art, the Italians of Northern Italy were using the mate rials which they had at hand to pro duce the wonderful brick and terra cotta architecture of Lombardy which has left the world such monuments as the Frari at Venice, destroyed alas in the late war, Santa Maria Delia Grazia and St. Ambrose at Milan, San Zeno at Verona and the marvelous Cer tosade Pavia. All of these buildings were completed before the Reforma tion and also before the architects of the Renaissance had falsified the Cath olic tradition by trying to produce buildings classic in appearance, but having no organic relationship to their form of construction. This was the period when the individual architect appeared upon the scene, and as the ancient Christians forgetting Christ, declared themselves followers of Pet er, or Paul, or Apollo et al, so the builders of the 15th Century declared themselves followers of Michael An gelo, or Lamberti, or Bramante, and countless others. The earlier build ing which I have mentioned were builded under the authority of the Church and today we knew not who designed them, because "In the elder days of Art Builders wrought with nicest care Each, remote and hidden part CLYDE IRON WORKS Manufacturers of Hoisting Machinery DULUTH, MINN. BSfi™ UeWitt-SelYz Co. SUPERvifsR Manufacturers of BEDDING and WHOLESALE FURNITURE. f. A. PATRICK & CO. Wholesale Dry Goods and Manufacturers DULUTH. Maker* of ths Famous Pstrlek-Duluth Wool Products ••Id In Every Stats of the Unloa [Writs for Catalogue. Consolidated Stamp and Printing Company JOB PRINTING ToV Printing. Steel Die Bmbosssd Stationery, Card and Wedding En graving, Rubber Stamps, Steel Stamps, Stencils, Seals, Basra re, Tine and Trade Checks, Badges. Mall order business solicited. rOURTH AVBNUH WKST, DULUTH, MINN. "DRESS WELL Miss the —Never Money'9 D'JL'JTH- 5L'FER!OR-VtRGINIA-HIBB!NG RAMER'S Chocolates Incomparable CULBERTSQN-BROS. COMPANY Duluth—Superior—Minneapolis Distributors. and the individual was merged in his work. In speaking of the various styles which flourished before the Renais sance I have said that in spite of their variety they were fundamental ly alike. By that I mean that they were created for the purposes of Catholic worship. In those days men looked to the Church as the fountain of wisdom and authority, and the Sacrament of the Eucharist as the highest expression of human aspira tion and worship. The building prin ciple which the Church laid down was the use always of the materials at hand in each locality, and the type of construction and labor available for a truthful expression of the pur pose of each building. The carrying out of this soundest of all architec tural principles caused the develop ment of the different styles, and gave to each country, and each locality, its distinctive architecture. Modern invention and modern life with all the world in closest inter communication make a return to such conditions impossible, but while cus toms and manners change, principles do not, and I believe that by a return to the fundamental principle laid down by the Church when it was Catholic, the one on-architecture, can be produced under modern conditions which* will express the modern world and modern life as perfectly as Notre Dame, or Chartres or Amiens ex press the life of the world at the time in which they were built, and express it just as beautifully. —Alfred G. Granger, In Sandap Visitor. FLORENCE NIGHTINGALE AND THE CHURCH. The debt which Florence Nightin gale, the famous Nurse of the Crimea owed to Catholic nuns seems to have been largely overlooked in references to her work in connection with the recent centenary of her birth. Yet it stands out as one of the most impres sive features of her accomplishments, says a writer in The Pilot. The inspiration which she drew from nuns and the help she received from them was well admitted by her self. Her association with English and Irish nuns is a thing which should not be forgotten. When she went to the •Crimea she was accompanied by Sis ters of Mercy. T&ougb s&e was aom- COMMERCIAL MERCANTILE THE H. C. MEINING CO. Buytti and Shipper* of HAY, OATS, FLOUR and FEED 31S-S16 Fidelity Building, Duluth, Mliu. Write Us for Quotation a The Best Known Hardware Mark In The Northwest EE There is real enjoyment in every one STACY-MERRILL FRUIT CO. Distributors FURNITURE, RUGS. DRAPERIES Stoves & Crockery iiuilihlngs for Hotels, Qik% Raafca, BtS* •rttmafess OheerfaUj Wisi Witts Us fSKaiiBnnMl DULUTH, MINN, STONE-ORDEAN-WEIIS COMPANY IMPORTERS, MANUFACTURERS AND JOBBERS Duluth, Minn BRANCHES* Minneapolis, Minn* Fargo. N. D. Grand Forks, If. 9, Mlnot, N. D. Billings, Mont. Great Falls, Mont. Missoula, Mont. Butte, Montana. Western State Bank or DiLirn SIT Ceatral Artasa WIST DULUTH We solicit your toirinees Velie & Dort CARS BEST AT THE PRICK O'ROUBKE'S GABAGE 2345 W, Superior St., Duluth, Minn, National Iron Go. ENGINEERS AND Manufacturers MACHINERY Structural Stool DULUTH, MINN. DULUTH LINEN COMPANY Manufacturers and Wholesalers Lineo & Cotton Goods FOR Hotels, Clubs, Cafes, Hos pitals and Institutions Write for Catalogue 228 East First St. Duluth, Mini inally their leader, she was really learning from them. They taught her many things. It is interesting to the Catholic to be reminded that, during what has been termed her "starved young wo manhood," she wondered whether she could be received into a Catholic con vent without being a Catholic. In connection with her Crimean work, it is related that when some of the Bermondsey nuns returned home. Florence Nightingale wrote to the Mother Superior, saying that she (the Superior) had been far above herself in fitness for the general superintend ency, both in worldly talent of ad ministration and, of course far more so, in spiritual qualifications. "Dearest Reverend Mother," she wrote, "what you have done for the work no one can ever say. My love and gratitude will be yours wherever you go." These words ought to be enou?* assure students of Florence Nightin gale of what a great debt the work owed to Catholic religious. It is a re markable tribute to their ability, their readiness to serve, and their capacity for teaching others secrets of their accomplishments. The place which Catholic nuns held in this far famed sphere of merciful activity is a his toric monument to them. And what better recognition could it have than in the words to which reference has just been made? Indeed, the work of the Catholic nuns in the Florence Nightingale activity makes a story which adds an other chapter to the long history of Catholic benevolent work. Seemingly it ought to be an inseparable part of the story of the Nightingale achieve ments.