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I—.« I! Volume 10 Finances of Order, The final financial report was pre sented at the first day of the conven tion. After reciting that through its employment, bureau, 250,000 service men had been placed in positions since they were mustered out, the report showed that the enormous sum of $?l..-"»lfi,'Mi7.70 had been spent on camp, community and employment activities in the Untied States, $ij,003,613 on work abroad, and $1.791,Sr»5 on edu cational work, exclusive of .college scholarships and including only actual accomplishments up to June 20. Funds invested in equipment, educational and otherwise, were not included as ex penditure. The attention of the delegates was drawn to an exhibit of work done in K. C. schools and of students under the care of the K. C. which was set out in tt»3 ^U room of the Commo dore. Some drawings by a young art ist of much promise in the K. C. school at Philadelphia, attracted a lot of fav orable attention, as did the work of students in the night school connected with the Hospital for the Insane at Washington, and toys, posters and cabinet work by convalescents under K. C. protection. Cieat enthusiasm was aroused in tho convention by the announcement that Marshal Foch was to be initiated into the order at Metz on August 21, the day of the presentation of the Lafayette statue, and when a cable gram from the great French soldier was read in which he praised their work and assured them of a warm welcome in France. THE K. OF C. CONVENTION LAFAYETTE CONVENTION RE VEALS ORDER'S GREAT WAR WORK—DELEGATION TO DEDI CATE LAFAYETTE STATUE SAILS —IRISH FREEDOM IN DORSED. (By N. C. "\Y. C. News Service.) With a final hurrah from the crowd ed decks of the excursion steamer Highland and an answering cheer l'rom the French liner Leopoldina. the 2i0 members of the Knights of Columbus who will represent the order at the dedication of the Lafayette monument at Met?:, induct Marshal Ferdinand Foch into the order and present him with the beautifully jeweled baton which is the Knights' tribute to him personally, bade goodbye Thursday afternoon, August 5, to the thousand or more of their comrades who had escorted them down the bay. And with this ceremony the thirty-eighth annual convention of the Knights of Columbus passed into the eventful and brilliant history of that organization. The convention, which was held at the Hotel Commodore. New York, be gan Tuesday and ended at noon Thursday. Increase in Membership. Supreme Secretary William J. Mc Ciinley announced in his report an in crease of 170,381, bringing the total membership up to 7"0,000. There were 3.334 deaths during the past year. New councils to the number of 104 were formed and applications were received from seven countries, includ ing Sweden. China and Australia for charters, but the organization declined to extend itself beyond the limits in which it has worked for the past five years. The private assets of the K. C. RECOGNITION FROM ALL THE WORLD. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) With the naming of Mgr. Paeelli as Apostolic Nuncio to Berlin the rela tions between the Holy See and the new Germanu republic have entered a new phase. They, however, even in the midst of the political changes that have been taking place since Novem ber, 1918, have never been interrupt ed. This period has been a time in which preparation has been carried on directed especially to make har monious the diplomatic representation already existing with the new consti tution of the republic of the German people. Up to 1918, only two of the twenty six states which formed the German empire had direct diplomatic relations with the Holy See. They were Ba varia and Prussia. At. an earlier time & nuncio had been sent from Cologne from 1584 to 1794, at which latter time the sovereignty and the elec toral dignity of the ecclestiastical princes of the empire were suppressed. Those princes were the Archbishops of Cologne, Treves and Mayennce. In the present arrangement, Bavaria has preserved unchanged its diplo matic relations with the Holy See and just p.s at the eve of the war, so also at the present time has at Rome as its minister to the Vatican, Baron de Ritter de Gruenstein, who for several year:- has occupied this office. Up to a few weeks ago, the apostolic nuncio at Munich was Mgr. Paeelli, who went i' ts, (fat (to lie he reported to be $10,198,650. The or ganization raised among its own mem bers 250,000 francs for the aid of Car dinal Mercier's restoration work in Belgium. The solemn High Mass which nat urally preceded the opening of the convention was made notable by the presence of His Excellency, Archbish op John lionzano, the Apostolic Dele gate, as the celebrant. The conven tion sermon was preached by Auxil iary Bishop Murray, of Hartford, who likened the Knights of Columbus to the Christian crusaders and declared their work since the war would aid the uplift of all humanity. A mes sage of welcome from Monsignor M. J. Lavelle, rector of the Cathedral, was read on behalf of Archbishop Patrick J. Hayes, of New York, who was un able to be present. The principal matter of business for the second day was the budget cover ing the educational plans to which the surplus of $7,000,000 of the war fund was to be devoted. The plans were discussed in detail and were un animously approved by the delegates. They will call for the establishment of about 500 additional technical schools. An unusual feature of the second day was the appearance of Miss Mar garet Anglin, the actress, who address ed the delegates. This was the first time in the history of the order that an actress has been granted this privi lege. A resolution favoring "a free and independent" Irish nation was passed unanimously. Another resolution passed by the Knights protests against the enact ment of the Smith-Towner bill, which they declare aims at the federaliza tion of education, "in conflict with American principles and precedents and obstructive to the development of real education in a democracy." Seven Directors Elected. Seven supreme directors were elect ed to the board of fifteen members. They are: John F. O'Neill, of Jersey City John A. Dwyer,.of Toledo Ed ward A. Houlihan, or'Chicago Frank W. Lonergan, of Portland William F. Fox, of Indianapolis Joseph J. Meyers, of Carroll, Iowa and James J. McGraw, of Ponca City, Okla. The last three were re-elected for the term of three years. "David F. Supple, of San Francisco, was elected Supreme Warden of the order through the resignation of Thomas J. McLaughlin, of Newark, who has gone to Panama in connec tion with welfare work of the order. Secretary of War Baker wired con gratulations to the Knights for their welfare work and announced that he had detailed General Allen, command ing the American army of occupation in Germany, to represent the govern ment of the United States at the un veiling of the Lafayette statue, gift of the order to France, at Metz. After the passage of the first Irish resolution on Wednesday a letter was received from Eamon de Valera, presi dent of the Irish Republic, dated Au gust 2 at the headquarters of the Irish movement in Washington, calling at tention to the fact that last year the Knights had favored Irish freedom. This led to the introduction of a sec ond resolution at the morning session Thursday, supported by a wonderfully eloquent address by Joseph Scott, of Los Angeles. THE VATICAN AND GERMANY GERMAN PRESIDENT'S GREETING TO NEW NUNCIO AT BERLIN- POPE HAS ACQUIRED RIGHT OF there in 1917, succeeding the late Mgr. A versa, who a short time before had died in Munich. Radical changes have been intro duced in the other German diplomatic representations at the Holy See. Prus sia, up to last year, was represented at the Vatican by a minister pleni potentiary and envoy extraordinary, but there was no corresponding repre sentative of the Pope at Berlin. By the new arrangement, the relations have been enlarged, completed and perfected. It is no longer Prussia alone, but the whole republic of Ger many which stands in diplomatic re lations with the Holy See, and the representatives of the two powers are invested with the highest grade of diplomatic dignity. The German am bassador at the Vatican is Von Ber gen, who came shortly after the arm istice as a minister and was accredit ed three months ago ambassador and at Berlin Mgr. Paeelli is an Apostolic Nuncio of the first class. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Don Paola Albera, rector of the Sa lesians of Don Bosco, Rome, has been nominated grand officer of the Order of Sts. Maurice and Lazarus in recog nition of the patriotic and charitable work of himself and his people during the war and at other times. His Holi ness' sister, Countess Prisco Delia Chiesa, has been named by the Pat riarch of Jerusalem, acting as Ponti fical Lieutenant of the Order of the Holy Sepulcher, Dame of the First (.Mass of that order. After declaring that the entire East has fallen into the hands of Lloyd George, Mohammed declared, "we can not tolerate British and French man dates over places where Mussulmans consider themselves as God's man datories." Mohammed then explained the pro gramme which the Indians intended carrying out against Great Britain as follows: First, the return of all dec orations and titles received from the British Government second, the res ignation of positions occupied by In dians in the British administration third, the resignation af all Indian soldiers and policemen, which would prevent British occupation of Mesopo tamia and Palestine, and also sup port the Greeks in Thrace and Asia Minor, and, fourth, refusal to pay taxes. If these actions were not sufficient, Mohammed Ali added, then a holy war would be proclaimed. BiSHOPJALLAGHER ELECTED NATIONAL PRESIDENT OF FRIENDS OF IRISH FREEDOM. Right Rev. Michael J. Gallagher, Bishop of Detroit, has been elected National President of the Friends of Irish Freedom, to succeed Very Rev. P. E. Magennis. O. C. C., whose ac cession to the office of Superior Gen eral of Calced Carmelites makes ne cessary his permanent residence in Rome. Bishop Gallagher is National President of the Ancient Order of Hibernians and of the Ladies' Auxili ary, A. O. H. He has distinguished himself among American prelates who are open advocates of freedom of Ire land. HEW GENERAL SUPERIOR POPE UNO MOHAMMED THE NATIONAL SHRINE ASPIRATIONS OF MUSSULMANS EXPLAINED TO HOLY FATHER —REVOLT THREATENED. Mohammed Ali, head of the Indian Mussulman delegation, has been re ceived by Pope Benedict and present ed to the Pope the aspirations of his people. After his audience at the Vatican Mohammed Ali reported that the Pope had heard his statement sympatheti cally and had expressed pleasure at the spirit of tolerance toward other religions now being shown by the In dian Mussulmans. At the general chapter of the Resur rectionist Fathers, held recently in Rome, the Very Rev. Ladislaus Zapala, C. R., former rector of St. Stanislaus College, Chicago, was elected general. The Rev. August Mosser remains Pro curator General. The counselors are: Rev. Fathers Jagalla, C. R. Weiler, C. R. Filipski, C. R., and Baccarini, C. R. PRAY FOR HOLY FATHER SUGGESTS PRAYER FOR OPPRESSED PEOPLE. On the occasion of the solemn func tion for the intercession for Poland at the Church of the Gesu in Rom£ last Sunday, suggested to Catholic organi zations by the Vatican, Pope Benedict addressed a letter to the Cardinal Vicar of Rome, expressing his desire that Rome's example be followed by all Bishops of the Catholic world. The Pope's letter says: "The interest always felt for Poland by the Holy See is well known, as the Holy See in the past has protest ed against partition of Poland and oppression of the Polish people. Now not only Poland's existence is in jeop ardy, but all Europe is threatened with the perils of new wars. "Therefore, not only for love of Po land, but for love of all Europe, the Pope desires that all unite with him to implore God to spare Poland from supreme disaster, and to remove this scourge from exhausted Europe." MINNESOTA PRESS GENEROUS IN GIVING SPACE. The campaign for the sale of bonds of the Irish Republic progresses fav orably in Southeast Minnesota. Great publicity has been given the work, while more than 100 newspapers have given generous space to the drive, the majority of these papers reflecting a favorable attitude towards the cause. The campaign in Minnesota is un der the direction of Mr. Edward T. Foley, State Chairman. Mr. John E. Bari-y is acting as State Organizer. District organization work is being done by Gerald McLoughlin, L. J. Mad den and P. J. Johnson, who were sent to Minnesota from National headquar ters. €lose to one thousand articles were printed in Minnesota newspapers on the state campaign in the past thirty days. ST. PAUL, MINN., AUGUST 14, 1920 BENEDICTION GIVEN ON SITE OF SHRINE—MANY SISTERS KNEEL ON GROUND. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) By special permission of Cardinal Gibbons, Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament was given for the 371 Sis ters of the Summer School of the Catholic University, in the open air on the site of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception Wednesday afternoon, August 4. Very Rev. George A. Dougherty, S. T. D„ was at the altar in the absence of Right Rev. Thomas J. Shalian, rector of the Uni versity. The hundreds of Sisters, in habits of the respective styles and colors of their different orders, kneeling on the sward before the altar, and chorusing hymns in Gregorian chant, was a beau tiful and impressive sight. The altar itself was the same at which Father Carroll, afterwards the first Bishop of the Catholic Church in the United States, was accustomed to celebrate Mass more than 100 years ago. Before Benediction Reverend Ber nard A. McKenna, S. T. D., turned the first sod on the spot where the foun dation stone of the Shrine is to be laid with solemn ceremonies on Sep tember 23. Many of the Sisters kissed the sod and nearly all of them took away bits of the turf and other ob jects as souvenirs of the event. The Benediction of the Blessed Sac rament and the other exercises were by special arrangement, at the in stance of Bishop Shahan, for a large number of Sisters who were to leave Washington after having finished their work in the Summer School. After the Blessed Sacrament had been taken back to the chapel in Cald well Hall, Dr. McKenna recalled that the day's ceremonies had coincided with the feast of Our Lady of the Snows, and described the work thus far done toward building the Shrine. REAL SCHOOL RECORD A remarkable victory for Catholic schools has been recorded in Phila delphia. Four-year scholarships to the University of Pennsylvania are open each year to high school students of that state. This year twenty such scholarships were awarded. The ex amination was open to all the high school students of Philadelphia. Eighty scholars took the test, of whom eighteen were from the Catholic high schools. Wrhen the announcement of the winners was made it was found that Catholic students had captured eight of the scholarships. GIFT TO LITTLE SISTERS Contained in the will of Mrs. Agnes Moriarity of Golden Valley, Minn., filed of probate last Tuesday, is a bequest of $5,000 to the Little Sisters of the Poor, of Minneapolis. One-third of the estate, valued at $9,000, is left to the husband, John J. Moriarity, and the remainder to the Rev. T. E. Cul len, pastor of the Pro-Cathedral of St. Mary, under the terms of the will. 25,000 ill FUNERAL Twenty-five thousand persons on July 26 attended the funeral at Old Castle Meath, Belfast, Ireland, of Seumas Natcergain commandant of the Irish volunteers and a relative of Cardinal O'Connell of Boston. Na cergain was shot by the military while discharging his duty with the vol unteer police. After services at the Kells church the procession marched sixteen Irish miles to the cemetery. CATHOLIC OLYMPIC ATHLETES FIVE MEMBERS OF THE PAULIST CLUB AMONG AMERICAN CONTESTANTS. When the Princess Matoika steam ed out of New York harbor carrying the athletes selected to represent the United States of America in the Olympic games at Antwerp, there stood on the deck a little group, who were of particular interest to Catho lies of New York City. They were five members of the Paulist Athletic Club, which has come to be recognized as one of the most vigorous and well conducted organizations in the A. A, U. During the last few years its colors have been carried to success in a large number of athletic events, and five of its members were selected by the Olympic committee, after having shown their ability in the severest kinds of tests. They are Patrick Flynn, steeplechase Albert Hulse bosch, steeplechase Max Boland, 10 000 meters and steeplechase August Desch, 440 meter low hurdles, and Frank De Gennerro, 112 pound nation Vhampiou, Et »it BOOKS JR POPE K. OF C. PRESENT ELABORATE EDITION. One of the costliest sets of books ever printed and bound in this country was in New York last week, on ex hibition during the supreme conven tion of the Knights of Columbus. The books are for the private li brary of Pope Benedict XV. They are the first copies printed of "Knights of Columbus in Peace and War," the of ficial history of the K. of C., by Mau rice Francis Egan and John B. Ken nedy. They are bound in white sheep skin and stamped in deep gold with the triple tiara and the keys of St. Peter. They will be presented to the Pope by James A. Flaherty, Supreme Knight, on August 29, when the K. of C. pilgrimage of 250 will be received at the Vatican. (N. C. W. C. Special Cable.) Two more have been added to the long list of ministers accredited to the Vatican. Count Somszich, the first Hungarian minister to the Holy See, recently appointed, has just been re ceived and Dr. Jonescu, the new re presentative from Roumania, was re ceived in formal audience, when he presented his credentials. There was the usual ceremonial and private con versation with the Holy Father, after which Dr. Jonescu visited Cardinal Gasparri, Secretary of State, and then went to St. Peter's to venerate the Tomb of the Apostles. NUNS RECALIEOJO HOSPITALS (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Some fifteen years ago, the Calais City Council, at the time under the sway of the Socialists, replaced by civilian nurses the nuns in attendance at the hospitals. A physician of that town, who is also an Alderman, was appointed by his colleagues to make special report upon the result of the experiment. His conclusion was that would be far more advantageous to recall the Sisters. Although the City Council does not boast of a Catholic majority, the nuns will be recalled. PUPILJPORS RECENT HONORS BY VATICAN OF FICIALLY ANNOUNCED. (By N. C. WT. C. News Service.) The following are some of the hon ors and distinctions recorded officially in recent issues of the Acta Aposto licae Sedis: Domestic Prelates: Mgri. Bernard Moeller, Cincinnati F. L. GasSler, New Orleans F. I. Beckman, D. A. Buck ley, W7illiam Hickey, Cincinnati John F. Prim, New Orleans J. V. Donnelly, Harbour Grace Jean Gaire, Z. Marois, S. Granbois, Regina. Commendatore of the Order of St. Gregory the Great, Mr. Alfonse Turg eon of Regina. Archbishop Assistant at the Ponti fical Throne, Mgr. Mundelein, Chicago. Protonotaries Apostolic ad instar, Mgri. Domenic I. Casey, Edward H. Murray, Peterborough, Canada. Domestic Prelates, Mgri. Christo pher McGrath, Michael McManus, Bos on Anselm Deziel, David Gosselin, Ermengild Bouffard, Clovis Arsenault, Quebec William J. McColl, Peterbor ough John I. Walsh, John O'Flaherty, St. John, New Brunswick. Knights of the Order of St. Gregory the Great: Messrs. Humphrey Sulli van, Boston Arthur Paquet, Pierre Beaule, Louis Edmond, Quebec Diony sius F. Kelly, Chicago. The same in the Military Class, Messrs. Alfred Danis, Filia Bleau, of Montreal. Knight of the Order of St. Silvester, Mr. Patrick Walsh, Lincoln. Private Chamberlains Sopranumer ari of His Holiness, Mgri. James Pat rick Cantwell, San Ifrancisco, John Cawle? of Los Angeles. DEAF MUTE The first deaf mute, it is said, to be ordained in the Catholic Church, has just received Holy Orders at Bor deaux, France. He is Rev. Jean Marie Joseph Charles La Fonta of the As sumptionist Fathers. During his two years of study at Rome Father La Fonta was given special examinations, and a dispensation was obtained from the Pope for the ordination. CATHOLICS OPPOSE K. C. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) The Catholics of the Viviers Dio cese, in southeastern France, have just founded a Catholic union for the purpose of fighting against the high cost of living. The union has estab lished, in the first place, a purchasing and selling co-operative society. A Vicar-General to the Bishop was ap pointed chairman of the board of di rectws. sp?ip? '"El?wf'" THE EUCHARISTIC CONVENTION EUCHARIST LEAGUE HOLDS CON VENTION IN PHILADELPHIA— —RECOMMENDATION TO HOLY SEE AND RESOLUTIONS TO PRO MOTE CANONIZATIONS. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Resolutions that the title of "Our Lady of the Blessed Sacrament" be recommended to the Holy See for con sideration as worthy of a place in the liturgy of the Church, and that the causes of the canonization of the Ven erable Peter Julian Eymard and the Venerable John Neumann be zealously promoted, were adopted at the closing session of the regional congress of the Priests' Eucharistic League, which finished its thirty-fourth annual con vention in Philadelphia, August 5. Father Eymard was the founder of the Priests' Eucharistic League and Bishop Neumann, the fourth Bishop of Phila delphia, introduced into the United States the devotion of the Forty Hours. Hundreds of priests from points east of the Mississippi attended the congress, which was marked by im pressive religious ceremonies in SS. Peter and Paul's Cathedral and by the reading and discussion of papers on different phases of devotion to the Holy Eucharist at the sessions held in the Girls' High School. Among the distinguished prelates who participat ed in the different exercises were the Most. Rev. Dennis J. Dougherty, Arch bishop of Philadelphia the Right Rev. Thomas J. Shahan, rector of the Catholic University the Right Rev. Joseph Schrembs, of ""Toledo, Bishop Protector of the Priests' Eucharistic League the Right Rev. Michael J. Gallagher, of Detroit, and the Right Rev. Philip It. McDevitt, of Harris burg. Bishop Gallagher's Inspiring Sermon. Bishop Shahan was celebrant at the pontifical votive High Mass of the Blessed Sacrament, which formally opened the convention, assisted by the Rev. Joseph Petri, of Atlantic City, as deacon the Rev. Bernard A. Mc Kenna, of the Catholic University, sub-deacon, an3 the Rev. Thomas F. McNally, of Philadelphia, master of ceremonies. An address of welcome was delivered by Archbishop Dough erty and Bishop Gallagher preached an inspiring sermon on the similarity between the sacrifices of the old law and the Eucharistic sacrifice of the new law. Archbishop Dougherty, in his ad dress, pointed out that it was in St. Philip's Church in that city that the devotion of the Forty Hours was held for the first time in the United States, having been introduced by a former Bishop of the See, the Venerable John Neumann, and spreading eventually to all the parishes in America. He de clared that the congress, as a public and solemn profession of faith in the Holy Eucharist, should attract the at- THE HOLY CITY'S RULE JERUSALEM EMIR FEISAL'S COUP—PROCLAIMED HIMSELF KING OF SYRIA—MUST EXPLAIN TO ALLIES. The whole Christian world will watch the developments of the Allied Powers' negotiations with the Turks with eager and critical interest. On those negotiations will depend the character of the future government of Jerusalem. This is a matter about which christians are deeply concerned. There is a general international Chris tian determination that Jerusalem in the future must be under the rule of Christian power. The action of Emir Feisal, son of the King of Hed jaz, in proclaiming himself King of Syria, including Palestine, has aroused Christian apprehensions. Christians and Jews Unite. The Christians and the Jews of the world are a unit in desiring a Chris tian mandatory for Palestine. If they show the right sort of determination, they doubtless will triumph over any and all political considerations which may be urged in favor of a contrary decision. Emir Feisal is charged with menac ing the independence of the popula tions of whom France was the tradi tional protector. A Maronite priest on whom was found a letter from President Deschanel was hanged on that account. The declarations of Emir Feisal that he would protect Christian rights and interests in Jerusalem are not likely to receive much credit in view of the outrages Christians already have suf fered at the hands of his Arab sup porters. Before 1870 France looked after the Catholic interests of all the nationali ties in Syria and Palestine. After 1870 the rule of France in the East was not as strong as it had been previously. Germany, Austria and Italy divided with France the supervision over Christian rights in those lands. The Greeks and Russians also acquired in terests for the Greek Church. During the war all the Christian institutions were seized and looted by the Turks. When General Allenbv with his British i forces reconquered Jerusalem, the Siv ii S$f Number 32 tention of non-Catholics to the cen tral act of Christian worship, the Sac rifice of the Mass. Bishop Gallagher, in his sermon, de clared that sacrifice had been insti tuted by God as the appropriate means of man fulfilling his obligation to his Creator and Master. He described in detail the sacrifice that was offered to God under the old law and the various types that prefigured the un bloody sacrifice of the new law. Man kind, he declared, was under the sen tence of death and unless a victim could have been found, man would have been doomed to eternal punish ment. Christ, the victim, offered him selt upon the Cross and now by virtue of the power He has given His priest the sacrifice is continued in an un bloody manner, in the Mass. The observance of the devotion of the holy hour, with a procession of Bishops, Monsignori and Priests, fol lowed by Benediction of the Most Blessed Sacrament, was held in the evening of the first day and proved one of the most impressive features of the convention. The great Cathe dral was thronged, and more than two hundred priests were in the pro cession, in which the Most Rev. Arch bishop Dougherty carried the Holy Eucharist. Bishop Schrembs, from a prie-dieu in the middle aisle, led the congregation in prayers and medita tion during the holy hour. Sessions of the Convention. The sessions held in the Girls' Hir.h School were marked by the presenta tion ol an interesting series of paper on Eucharistic subjects, followed by discussions of various points. Bishop Schrembs presided. On the first day the Rev. V. F. Kienberger, O. P., of Providence, R. 1 discussed "the Mass and the Priest Personal Sanetification," and Rev. Charles A. Bruehl, of St. Charles Sem inary, read a paper on "Dogma in the Mass." The second day's session, which was opened by a pontifical High Mass for deceased members of the League, cele brated by Bishop Schrembs, was mark ed in the morning by the reading of papers on "The History of the Cere monies of the Mass According to the Roman Rite," by the Rev. John F. Sullivan, and "the Structure of the Mass" by the Rev. Henry Borgman, C. SS. R. In the afternoon the papers on "The Rite of Exposition and Bene diction," by the Rev. Anthony Stein, LL. D„ and "Communion of the Sick," by the Rev. Charles P. Vitta, were followed by the introduction of res olutions, prepared by a committee headed by the Right Rev. Monsignor John M. Peterson, of Boston. The Rev. John Graham, S. S. S., of New York, director general of the Priests' Eu charistic League, addressed the dele gates thanking them for the interest and urging the spread of the work of the League. Christian institutions gradually were reopened. Extra-Territorial Rights. All of the Christian elements in Jerusalem have enjoyed under Turkish rule extra-territorial, or what the French call capitulatory, rights. Neither in person or property rights were they subject to the jurisdiction of the Turkish courts. This applied to nationals of Great Britain, France, Italy, Holland, Belgium, Spain and the United States, but did not apply to nationals of Bulgaria and Serbia. It is a question of much interest what will become of these extra-terri torial rights if the Holy Land is put under the mandate of some Christian nation. If the United States is unwilling to take the mandate for Palestine, it is believed Great Britain generally will be urged to do so. Under British mandate, Palestine would be recog nized as the homeland of the Jews, but the nationals of all nations would be treated on an equality. This seems to be the only feasible alternative to allowing tho Holy Land to remain un der the rule of the Moslems, of whom Emir Feisal has proclaimed himself King. SEIl PAPALJOONTESS NIECE OF THE POPE TAKES RESI DENCE Off FIFTH AVENUE. (By N. C. W. C. News Service) The Countess Lelia Biege di Costa* bissara, a niece of Pope Benedict XV, is paying her first visit to the United States, and, with her husband, Dr. Christian Manroner, has taken up her residence at No. 81G Fifth Avenue, New York, where he leased a resi dence. Dr. Manroner, who is a gradu ate of Cambridge University, England, was a captain in the Italian Army avi ation forces. In addtion to being a niece of Pope Benedict, Countess Man roner is a niece of the Italian Am bassador at Paris, Count Lelio Bonin l.ongare. The Manroners have brought many of their art treasures to the United States with tbew.