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ft Volume 10 & RETURNS SHOW CONTINUED IN TEREST SOUTH ST. PAUL HOLDS INDIVIDUAL RECORD- MINNEAPOLIS WAS LEADING ST. PAUL LAST WEDNESDAY MORNINO. Last Sunday tfie campaign for $5, 000,000 for the Archbishop Ireland Educational Fund passed the confines of the Twin Cities and opened in 'the various parishes of the second dis trict. This comprises Uie towns and cities in the northeast part of the diocese. The enthusiasm and loyalty mani fested by our people, in the first dis trict, which comprises the Twin Cit ies with North and South St. Paul, seems to have infected their co-relig ionists throughout the second district. It is safe to say that this spirit will he carried throughout each of the four remaining districts of the Diocese, and that the goal set by the managers of the campaign will be reached. Minneapolis in Lead. Reports from the campaign head quarters last Wednesday morning as we went to press, show that a total of $1,700,5(16.38 had been subscribed. This represents the complete sub scriptions from the parishes of the Twin Cities. South St. Paul still maintained its splendid quota averag ing close to $150 a person. On Wed nesday Minneapolis had again taken the lead, having subscribed $853,293, the St. Paul total amounting to $847, 273.38. The campaign will continue in the Twin Cities until the members of all parishes have been asked to subscribe to the fund. The reports from the' parishes of the second district, although incom* plete last Wednesday,' indicate a re sponse as generous as that of the Twin Cities. RED CROSS CHIEF ADMITS FAITH IS SAVING POLAND—LIEUT. COL. G. D. WHITESIDE PAYS TRIBUTE TO CATHOLIC CHURCH. t: K' (By N. C. W. C. News Service) "It was the Catholic religion that made Poland a democracy in the be ginning—and it is the Catholic relig ion that is saving Poland today from Bolshevism.'1 The speaker was Lieut. Col. George D. Whiteside, American Red Cross Commissioner to Poland, the man who headed the great American relief or ganization through the Polish crisis of the past three months, and who is now busy perfecting plans for its work during the coming winter, writes Cap tain Phillips from Warsaw. Dr. Whiteside, who knows Poland and the Poles as do few Americans, is enthusiastic over the new Republic and believes that, in spite of all its present hardships and sufferings, it will "come out on top" and be yet one of the first nations of Europe. His knowledge of Polish life and character has been gained first hand through long connection with the Polish popu lation of southern Wisconsin during his service as a member of the Legis lature of that State. "The Poles,'' Dr. Whiteside declares, "have qualities that insure their win ning in the end, and one of those qualities which cannot be lost sight of, and which shines out now like a light against the dark red of anarcby riven Russia, is their Catholic faith. Tribute to Catholic Faith. "I am not a Catholic," said Dr. "Whiteside, in touching on this phase of Polish character. "But-1 would be blind indeed not to see what the Cath olic religion has done for Poland and the Poles. We know, of course, from history, that it was the introduction of the Latin faith into Poland that saved this people to Western civiliza tion in the beginning. Well, in my opinion, it is the same faith that is saving the Poles today from going Bolshevik. These people are anchored firmly in a sound, reasonable faith from which all the wild horses of the Red armies cannot take them." Dr. Whiteside is a native of Newark, N. J., but for the past fifteen years has been a resident of Stevens Point Wis. After finishing, his medical course at the University of Vermont some years ago, he devoted much time to the study of public health problems, and naturally takes a special interest in the medical phase of the work car ried on by the American Red Cross in Poland. Before coming to Poland served in the Red Cross eommis stans of both France and Belgium. 500,000 Get American Aid. "Never, in any other country, how e»«r," he says, "have I seen such dis tress and misery as there is in Poland at the present time. There are at •A least 500,000 homeless refugees to be g? aired for, and among these groups feaf '&'<»' 1 •. i .,. .• *v Archbishop Ireland Educational Fund !tfe± The actual work of solicitation for funds will begin next Sunday in the third district, which comprises all the parishes in the west central part of the Diocese: Benefits of Campaign. The present campaign has been pro ductive of many advantages and bene fits besides the mere collecting of money. The question regarding the importance of our schools and their development Has been brought to ev ery Catholic man and women in this Diocese in a way thgt was never done before. Not only have our people listened to eloquent pleas from the pulpit and to other explanations of the purpose of this campaign but they have been supplied with copious litera ture on the subject. Pamphlets and leaflets, presenting a complete survey of the condition of our schools, with their urgent needs, have been sent to every Catholic in the Diocese. In this Wjay our people have been able to read at their leisure end to ponder over the various details of the whole educational system. This to a great extent accounts for the readiness with which they have re sponded to the appeal once they have thoroughly grasped the situation from a business standpoint. Another advantage of this campaign is seen in the fact that many in mod erate circumstances, accustomed to give a few dollars to any deserving cause, have risen to the occasion and have pledged willingly substantial amounts towards our schools. Since they have in many cases made a sac rifice in order to meet this higher call, our Catholic people will take a much greater interest in all that concerns the school system of this Diocese. This increased spirit of loyalty and of genuine interest in the schools may be considered one of the most valu able assets aceruing from the cam paign. THE FAITH OF POLAND alone there are 'oO.OOff orphans. Half a million children are being given American food* but there are a million and a half in need of it." The misery of the little children of Poland, according to Dr. Whiteside's description, is terrible. "There are 2,000,000 children in Poland in need of surgical and medical aid. Thirty-five per cent of the child population is or phaned. Twenty per cent of the chil dren of Poland are defective, deformed or tubercular from malnutrition," he declares. "Orthopedic surgery, through lack of supplies, has practically dis appeared from the land. The whole future of the Polish nation, as repre sented* in her unfortunate children, is at stake." Dr. Whiteside has nothing but the warmest praise for the work of the Catholic charitable institutions of Po land. "Over 90 per cent of the insti tutional relief given "by the American Red Cross in Poland goes to Catholic homes, orphanages, etc.," he says, "so we are well able to judge the work of Catholic charities here. I would need to be a poet or an orator," he went on, "to pay the tribute due the Polish religious orders for their work for the ^oOr, the sick, the aged, the orphans. Noble Service of Sisterhoods. "Wdrds can never tell the story of the Catholic sisterhoods of this coun try. We have often found them starv ing themselves in order to save food for the children in their charge. Their order and cleanliness have become proverbs among us Americans here. Their empty cupboards and bare floors are invariably scrubbed white as snow. They may have no blankets on their beds, but the beds are always neat and tidy. Their windows maf be bare, but they shine. And always there is their, little, shrine of Christ or the Virgin Mother, before which they and the children pray for us Americans In the same breath that they pray for their own beloved country! Who could resist such faith and love as these Poles have! "Poland taces the most terrible win ter in her history. She is the bulwark of civilization against the Red hordes of the East. If she is to be saved, she must be saved now. And while, of course, it is inevitable that the part played by the Catholic faith in fortify ing these people against the wreckage of revolution and Bolshevism be rec ognized, still we must remember that sick, hungry or dead Catholics cannot do much to keep a country going." Ml ST. MARY'S DRIVE (By N. C. W. C?News Service) Plans for a campaign f^r~a fund of $500,000 for the extensioi V Mount St. Mary's College, Emmits», Vg, Md., will be made at a meeting' of the graduates of that institution to be held in Washington on November 17. Washington and the State of Virgtai* will be asked to raise $25,000. *"T -J '.y ',,*4' v *.-: *K FOR FAVORS RECEIVED v SOLEMN CEREMONY IN NEW OR LEANS—URSULINES MADE VOW MQJ^g THAN A CENTURY AGO, (By N. G. W. C. News Service^ Plans for the celebration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the solemn coronation of the statue of Our Ladv Of Prompt Succor at the Ursuline Con vent, the first coronation of the kind in the United States, are being made in New Orleans. The impressive cere mony will be observed November 10. Special permission has been obtained from the Holy See for the coronation ceremonies, which are reserved to only the most celebrated shrines in Christendom. The devotion which centers about the statue began with the attribution to the Blessed Virgin of intercessory powers exercised in behalf of the favorable outcome of threatened dis astrous events, intimately associated with the Ursulines and the people of New Orleans. The first was when the monastery and city were saved from a conflagration in 1812, and the second was when the battle of New Orleans was won by American forces. On the latter occasion the Ursulines made a vow to have a solemn high Mass celebrated every year in honor of Our Lady of Prompt Succor. The devotion to Our Lady, under this title, has spread to every city in the United States and has penetrated Can ada, Alaska, Mexico, Central and South America, as well as becoming known in many cities of Europe. ATHEISM CAUSES STRIKE (By N. C. W. C. News Service) In a public school in the region of Paris, a certain school mistress up braided those of the children who went to church. The parents, as a protest, decided on a fifteen days' strike, during which period the chil dren are to keep away from school. They hope that in tne meantime the school mistress will have been re moved i MODEL PARISH COLORED PEOPLE HAVE MADE A HIGH RECORD. In a letter to the Colored Mission Board. Rev. L. P. Castel, of Our Lady of the Lake Parish, Delcambre, La.— a parish of 100 families—writes: "Religiously speaking, the colored people here are the best in the world. I have yet to find a man and woman living together who are not married by a priest. As far as I know, they all make their Easter duties. In the memory of the oldest inhabitant there never was a case of burglary in the parish. Therefore, very few people here lock their houses at night." If there is another parish that can come up to this, we would like to hear about it.' HOT F08JATH0LICS JEWISH TEACHERS GIVEN LEjAVE ON THEIR HOLY DAYS. (0^ N. C.^y.C. News Service.} v *, _v, J»-*!" n Catholic teachers in the New York public schools were not excused, with pay, to attend religious services on All Saints' Day, nor will they be ex cused qn the Feast of the Immaculate Conception, according to a decision of the Board of Education. Recently the Board took action whereby Jewish teachers were permitted to absent themselves from their classes, with pay, on the Feast of the Atonement and on Jewish New Year. A resolu tion that similar privileges be ac corded Catholic teachers on their holy days was introduced by Arthur S Somers. President Prall declared his regret that the board had taken the action it did on the Jewish holiday question. There was no general agi tation on the part of Catholic teachers iof a holiday on the feasts designated HERE'S SOMETHING HEW CHURCH MOVED WHILE MASS WAS BEING CELEBRATED. i, (By N. €. W. C. News Service.) Mass was said and a large number of people prayed in the Church of St. Mary of Mercy, Pittsburgh, Pa., while a score of workmen were moving the building along Third avenue to a new site. The building is of stone and was erected in 1892. The task of moving the building was begun about two months ago and was completed only last week. On week 'days, even while the church was in motion, the congregation attended Mass. This is the third time that the place of worship of St. Mary of Mercy's parish Uas been ei&cft Colonial days. .*'V V, ." ..i ti 1 ST. PAUL, MINN., NOVEMBER 6,1920 MR. FOIEH CHARITY ST. tHOMAS COLLEGE GETS $40 000—FIFTY INDIVIDUAL LEGATEES. Thfc College of St. Thomas, *St. lid cent de Paul'society and St. Paul Catholic Orphan society are each handsomely remembered in the will of Michael H. Foley, wealthy St. Paul man who died recently in California, and whose will was filed for probate November 1. 1 The College of St. Thomas is left $40,000, St. Vincent de Paul society $25,000 and the St. Paul Catholic Or phan asylum $10,000. In addition to these fifty persons are given amounts ranging from $500 to $1,000. The House of the Good Shepherd is given $1,200. The residue of the estate after pay ments of specific bequests aggregating nearly $150,000, is left to the two chil dren, Edward Timothy Foley and Mrs. Rachel Ann Anderson, share and share alike. REEDS 80,000 BARRELS (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Each of the 80,000 cement dealers in the United States will be asked to con tribute a barrel of cement or its equiv alent in money, for the building of the foundation and crypt of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception at the Catholic University. This unique appeal will be made by the Rev. Bernard A. McKenna, secretary to the Rt. Rev. Thomas J. Shahan. Father McKenna has been advised that approximately 80,000 barrels o£ cement will be needed to finish the foundation and crypt, and when he dis covered that there were just about that number of cement dealers in the United States he determined to invite them to help out. K. C. ONE FOR EVERY TOWN OF 40,000 INHABITANTS ST. PAUL SCHOOL SUCCESSFUL. Supreme Seeretary wiltiariT J. Mc Ginley, of New York, has announced that the K. of C. will immediately launch a movement to place a free night school for service men in every •city of from* forty to fifty thousand population throughout the country. "In all the principal cities of the West," said McGinley, "there is a tightening of the employment market and a consequent preference for men skilled in technical-and business oc cupations. Hundreds and thousands of former service men are still with out stable employment. The Knights of Columbus, despite its appropriation of five million dollars for an American Legion memorial building in Washing ton, will be able to extend its school system to prepare more men for em ployment requiring special skill. If work of this sort is not main tained, this winter will find the coun try facing a serious problem, as our war veterans have not by any means been assimilated by industry. The young men must be constantly warned to stay in smaller towns, where they do fairly well, instead of flocking to the cities and adding to congestion and unemployment." The K. of C. night school in St. Paul reports signal success. JIT WESL PBIHT MONUMENT RAISED TO MON« SIGNOR O'KEEFE. (By N. C. W. C. News Service) A new monument of interest to Catholics stands in the military ceme tery at West Point, N. Y. It is dedi cated to the late Mgr. Cornelius Q. O'Keefe, who was builder of the West Point Catholic chapel and whose mem ory is revered by thousands* of gradu ates of the institution. Officers, cadets and enlisted men of the posl formed a procession with the Knights of Co lumbus and members of the Holy Name Society of Highland Falls for the dedication exercises. The Rev. Francis P. Duffy, chaplain of the old Sixty-ninth, delivered the oration, and the Rt. Rev. Mgr. Joseph F. Mooney, vicar-general of the archdiocese of New York, blessed the monument. A bronze tablet was also unveiled in the chapel built by Mgr. O'Keefei FRENCH WAR CMS The French War Office publishes in Le Journal Officiel the following in formation as regards priests who served in the French army as chap lains. The total number mobilized was 555, of whom 68 were killed, 131 en rolled in the Legion of Honor, 14 re ceived the Medaille Militaire, and 134 were mentioned in army orders. One hundred twelve Protestant and 33 Jewish chaplains were mobilized,' six of the former and &ree && ia^ter being killed* 1 I'*" u-Kk. DE MLEMJIj IRELAND PRESIDENT OF IRISH REPUBLIC TAKES OCCASION OF MAC SWI NEY'S DEATH TO ASK AMERI CAN MORAL AID FOR IRELAND. President Eamon De Valera of the Republic of Ireland has made the death of MacSwiney the occasion for an appeal, to the conscience of the United States for intervention in Ire land's behalf. President pi.JV&lera's statement says, in part: De Valera's Statement. "The principles that Mayor Mac Swiney, like his comrade, Fitzgerald, has given up his life to uphold—the principles for which the ten remain ing comrades are giving up their lives similarly in British jails—are the prin ciples of the American Declaration of Independence and President Wilson's war aims—the inalienable right to lib erty, the privilege of men everywhere to choose their own way of life and obedience. "As the people of Britain have gfown callous through the centuries of wrongdoing, there is only one nation left in the world that can end their brutal crushing of right by might— these horrors of protracted death through seventy days of torture -to vindicate the most fundamental right of human beings—these horrors of nightly raids in which men like the previous Lord Mayor of Cork, Mayor McCurtain, are dragged from their beds and shot women like Mayor Mc Curtain's wife, about to be mothers, prematurely confined of still-born in fants whole towns and villages burned and innocent families every where rendered destitute, and homes that would have been happy made desolate. "In the war America poured out its blood and its treasure that mankind might have a peace which would se cure them forever against organized savagery such as that of England against Ireland. America saved Eng land when England's back was to the wall, and because of America's aid England feels now that she is strong enough to flout the conscience of man kind. "Ireland is now the last white na tion that is deprived of its liberty. England tusked sAmerica's material aid America gave it, and because of that aid alone England is strong. Ire land asks only America's moral sup port and the fair-minded, liberty-lov ing people of the United States who sent their own sons across the sea on a crusade for right will, I trust, not deny it." GIFT TO CARDINAL K. OF C. PRESENT SUBSTANTIAL |UM—CERTIFICATE OF tfCNOR. Cardinal Mercier of Belgium has ac knowledged the gift from the Knights of Columbus of 335,000 francs for the Belgian rehabilitation fund which he is administering on behalf of Louvain and other devastated cities of Bel gium. The money was raised by vol untary subscription among the K. 01 C. membership, following the Cardi nal's visit to the United States, and was presented on behalf of the Knights by Directors John F. Martin and J. J. Leddy in Malines at the Car dinal's home recently. In his thanks to Supreme Knight Flaherty of the K. of C., Cardinal Mer cier declares that he will ever cherish the memory of his visit to America. At the same time the directors pre sented the check they gave Cardinal Mercier a gold engrossed certificate of honorary membership in the K. of C. Cardinal Mercier and King Albert are the first Europeans to be accorded membership in the order. To tfie Memory of tie Men Wbo Won Victory i*o» V Defeat I shall not die but live.—Psalm n't. Tfie tyrant's Work has failed. Shame bows his head Whom he sought to ensla1!® 4.re free, being dead. ftXing, on your proad, high throne Had they leave from the©? Stoop, from your jailer take The useless key. tVke yonr bolts and bars, 4 .a ifour shackles for foot Eftuf fiattfl You may need them again, O King, "for the men of that land. Your fetters why should you ^rftste On this fteshless bone? The spirits you aimed to crush Prom your bonds are flown. They live with the deathless dead. An echo they stirred that sa#&, aAa for me, give me liberty •••A*, Or jive me death." v Ha^kta HMactpt, jk A -?. -ft A REAL CATHOLIC CITY CITY OF BOGOTA IS SOUTH AMERICA'S CATHOLIC CENTER— DR. THOMAS WALSH, JUST RE- TURNED, GIVES INTERESTING IMPRESSIONS. (By C. N. W. C. News Service.) Bogota, the capital city of our Sister Republic of Colombia, in the opinion of Dr. Thomas Walsh, who has just returned from a several months' visit to that remote city, is the most Cath olic of any of the greater centers of North and South America, and, with the possible exception of Dublin, is more practically Catholic than any city whatever in Europe. In an interview Dr. Walsh states that Bogota is the one capital where there remains *a union of Church and State. Conditions in the religious and social world he found to be exceed ingly good. Religion is flourishing on every side. Beautiful churches, old and new, are crowded daily with fervent worshippers services are well conducted, and highly intelligent ser mons are preached in all the churches. Religion is an actuality, said Dr. Walsh, in a way surprising even to a Catholic from lands where Protestant ism is greatly in the air there is a constancy in prayer and adoration such as characterizes a monastery. The people believe in the Real Pres ence in. the Blessed Sacrament and rule their daily lives in accordance, visiting the churches, making cease less novenas and triduums, with a constant celebration of feast days, pro claimed in the press and by placards on the city walls. "Religion is the chief industry of the citizens," said a visiting American, with a touch of scorn. It is true, and Catholics should be very proud of it. Citizens Frequent.Communicants. The citizen of Bogota is a frequent communicant. More than sixty per cent of the inhabitants, men and women, receive Communion at least once a month. The daily communi cants are very numerous. The clergy are admirable in & re markable way. Their stipends are very small and there can be no com plaint against them on this score. They are scholars and decent and hon orable in every way from their most determined opponents there is never the slightest hint at a scandal or charges of any irregularity in their conduct. There is some criticism as to the influence they have exerted in politics in past years but at present, certainly, there is no foundation for charges of this kind against them. In short, they are at once the admirable product and the root of the admirable conditions of health and strength char acterizing Colombia today. They have to their credit the produc tion in their midst of scholars and literateurs of high achievement. Mon signor Rafael Carrasquilla, Rector of the Colegio del Rosario, an institution dating from early in the sixteenth cen tury, pointed out to me that his col lege had educated practically all the Presidents of Colombia, good, bad and TION-WIDE CHURCH SERVICES FOR WAR HEROES. President Wilson has directed that on Sunday, November 14, the Ameri can flag be displayed at half-mast up on all public buildings and naval and military posts "as a taken of the na tion's participation in the memorial services held for the heroic American soldiers, sailors, marines and others who gave their lives to their country n the world war." In connection with the order, the president authorized this statement: President's Statement. *^here has been transmitted tb me a suggestion that I name Sunday, November 14, as Armistice Sunday in order that the religious services held throughout the country on that day may be given an especial note of re membrance for the heroic services ^and sacrifices of those who died for America in the world war. 'The selection of a formal day which shall annually be set aside to commemorate our participation in the world war will some day doubt less be effected through legislation, and already memorial day, rich in heroic memories, has acquired addi tional significance as being appropri ate also to the commemoration of the heroes of the world war. I am, how ever, so heartily in favor of the sug gestion that has been made that I take this occasion te-express publicly my approval of the idea. "November 11, 1918. will always be memorable as the beginning of the end of the most terrible and destruc tive of all wars. Our beloved country took a noble part in hastening the ar rival of the day hailed by the whole world as the dawn of peace but close upon the day of victory followed real lzation of loss and the anniversary wilt Number 44 indifferent, from the foundation of the Republic. The Jesuits in their ancient national College de San Bartholome and In their modern school of La Mer^ ced also accomplish wonders in the way of elementary and higher educa tion. The Christian Brothers are par ticularly powerful in Bogota, possess ing a very fine College La Salle and numerous subsidiary schools. In the procession on the feast of Corpus Christi their pupils distinctly outnum bered those of all the other institu tions. The press of Bogota, as In the rest of the world, is inclined to be slightly critical of the religious authorities. This creates a friction that at a little distance does not seem of great im portance, although several of the daily newspapers have been placed under interdict by the Bishops. There is an official daily known as Catolicismo which is largely confined to church bulletins and news of a strictly Catho lic character. There does not seem to be any journal of general news that is satisfactory to the strictest views in Bogota. With conditions in so healthy and sane a state, it is unfortunate that among Colombians there is not a bet ter realization of the practical identity of our Catholicity of North and South. There was shown at the largest thea ter the American film, "The Secret of the Confessional" and it was really difficult to persuade these Catholta. people that the priests in their AmeiV can street dress were really priests of their own Church. They needed to be reminded^of this fact over and over again. Pr«tesfant Missionaries Net En couraged. The missionaries of the Protestant Church have been able to accomplish practically nothing with the Colom bians at home. There is a school which calls itself "The American School for Girls," but this, as well as a sort of union chapel of Methodist Presbyterian complexion, is badly at tended and not prosperous. The only danger seems to be In the habit th*t, Colombians recently are affecting very strongly of sending their sons to nott Catholic and anti-Catholic schools In the United States, many of them oC an agricultural variety—where th4y seem to be erroneously impressed," that there is no Catholicism in Nortjh America, and rapidly surrender the principles of their fathers and moth ers. for very dubious notions regard ing progress and modernity. On their return to Colombia, for some few of them do return to the homes they have forgotten, they join the small body of malcontents who groan over, the Catholicity—the proudest feature of their country—and talk in superi&r attitudes about religion in North America, without knowing anything wnatever of our real conditions. A closer union—of information, aikd of cooperation in Catholic matters ot mutual interest—between Colombians and other South American countries, and the Catholics of the United States is greatly to be desired. ARMISTICE SUNDAY NOVEMBER 14 IS MADE ARMIS TICE SUNDAY—WAR MEMORIAL DAY—PRESIDENT ASKS FOR NA bring with it solemn thoughts to the minds of every American, memories of brave men who fell, sympathy for their living relatives and those religious reflections in which nations, like in dividuals, must seek hope and con solation. That November 14 this year being the Sunday immediately follow ing the anniversary should be observ ed in all our churches by suitable memorial services for the heroic American soldiers, sailors and marines who gave their lives to their country in the world war, seems to me emi nently fitting and proper, and I com mend the suggestion to those who conduct siich services. "I shall direct that the flag of the United States at all military posts, naval stations, on vessels and on build ings of the United States be displayed at half-mast on that day as a token.of the nation's participation: fife the eoM&> cises elsewhere held." "HELPED" THE HIGH "GOOD SAMARITAN" RELIEVES PRELATE OF VALUABLES, ... W. tr. -C. N'eWf'SerHtt) Posing as a good Samaritan, George N. Maurad is charged by the police with stealing a crucifix and a gold watch and chain from the pockets of Mgr. K. H. Stephens, pastor of the Church of Our Lady of Lebanon, New York City. Mgr. Stephens was returning from a sick call when he was struck by an automobile. Maurad offered to assist the priest, whom he said he knew, to the rectory. He helped Mgr. Stephens to bed and carried his clothes to an adjoining room, leaving shortly after ward. The Monsignor's loss was not discovered^ until later. The arrest of Maurad followed the locating of tbft missing artlclcsr in a pawnshop.