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J» Volume 10 On Sunday, November 21. the cam paign will open in all the parishes of the fifth district. These comprise the various units in the southeast part of the Diocese. The sixth district, covering a few scattered parishes in tiie extreme southeast part of the dio E A O S O N E U N NEEDED. Archbishop Ireland Educational Fund THREE DISTRICTS REPORT GROWING INTEREST IN CAM- PAIGN HALFWAY GOAL IS PASSED—A RCH BISHOP DOWL- ING VISITS MANY CENTERS. Reports from the headquarters of the Archbishop Ireland Educational Fund campaign in the Merchants Na tional Bank Building, St. Paul, indi cate this week that the two and one lialf million mark has already been passed. This splendid result has been attained through the generosity of our 'atholic people in the first three of the si\ districts into which the Dio cese has been divided. The solicitation for funds is still going on in the second and third dis tricts which comprise, respectively, ihe Northeast and the Northwest parts of the Diocose. The campaign in the fourth district, comprising the 'owns and cities in the southwest part ol the diocese, began last Sunday. Continued reports from these three parts of the Archdiocyse indicate that our Catholic people are fully awake to the necessity of this fund and are determined, each one in his way, to lo their share as generously as possi ble in order that the campaign may be a complete success. OUR CATHOLIC SOLDIER DEAD GRAVES CF CATHOLICS DEAD IN WORLD WAR TO BE CONSECRAT ED—CROSS WILL BE INCISED ON tBy N. C. W. C. News Service.) Twenty thousand graves of Catholic soldiers who gave their lives for their country in the World War will be con secrated by the Church and appro priately marked by the Government witli monuments, the design for which has just been approved by the War Memorials Council. Rev. John J. Burke, C. S. P.. general secretary of the National Catholic Welfare Council, is a member of the War Memorials Council. On the obverse of each of these monuments will be carved a rosette into which,, in the case of Catholic sol dier dead, will be incised a cross. The soldier's name and the branch of the military service to which he was at tacked will be inscribed on the monu ment. The design selected by the Council is the ordinary type of headstone, with rounded top, uniform in material aud size. The Council thought it advisable to guard against any inequality in the markings of the graves. Officers and private soldiers will be buried in the t-amc cemeteries. Subscriptions To Be Solicited. To meet the expense in connection with the consecration of the graves and the carving of a cross on each monument, a fund will be raised among Catholics all over the country. The Bulletin of the National Catholic Welfare Council has been authorized to receive subscriptions for this pur pose. The 20.000 Catholics who lost their lives in the war are buriod principally in France and the l*nited States, but some arc interred in other parts of tlu orld. The War Memorials Council has definitely planned that after all those dead whose relatives desire their return to this country have been brought back and reinterred. those who remain in France are to be con centrated in four cemeteries—Horn agne, Suresnes, Bony and Belleau Wood. 10,000 Dead Returned. Thns far 10.000 American dead llave been brought back from France. About of these have been reinterred in Arlington. Of these reinterments it is estimated that between 7'»0 and 800 were those of Catholic dead. Rev. Ignatius Fealy, chaplain at Ft. Myer, adjoining Arlington Cemetery, attends these reburials and blesses tne graves. A military funeral is given each of these dead. The reinterments in Arl ington ?s calH the Eu ropean Section. Since more of the dead being re urned to this country are reburied in Arlington than in any other single cemetery and 'as 1.000,000 American soldiers in the World War are entitled to la^t resting places there, the War Memorials Con-mission contemplates the expansion and beautification of that cemetery. It is intended to con nect Arlington by a great highway with Washington to restore the 'us ite Liee Mansion in the cemetery and there an atmosphere like that at Mt. Vernon to make the memorial rttitpltitheater integral part of the cese, will be canvassed beginning Sun day, November 28. During the past week His Grace Most Reverend Archbishop Dowling visited a number of towns in the cause of the campaign. He made addresses in Ghent, Marshall, Wabas so, Wanda, Lamberton, Springfield. Sleepy Eye, New Ulm, Belle Plaine and St. Thomas. Last Thursday Archbishop Dowling spoke before the people of Guardian Angels' and St. Boniface parishes, Hastings. Last night, Friday. he spoke in Shakopee. This Saturday evening he will deliver an address in Northfleld. and tomorrow morning, Sunday, he will speak to the people of the parishes of the Immaculate Conception, St. Lawrence, and Sacred Heart, in Faribault. From various reports sent in by priests and solicitors it is apparent that the light in Michigan recently waged on the parochial school system of that state has made a profound im pression on our people. They realize as never before that the time has passed when Catholic schools can exist and thrive merely as separate distinct units. In order to promote solidarity of interests and efficiency of the highest order it is absolutely imperative that all the Catholic schools of the Diocese be welded to gether in one compact organization. In this way only can each school hope to attain the highest degree of usefulness, when it forms a part of a comprehensive plan and receives all the benefits that flow from a thorough ly organized and competently super vised system of education. extended plan, and improve the west part of the cemetery where lie the heroes of thegfivil War. It is pro posed also to preserve the historic ruins of.old F_ McPh "sin. Increased Appropriation Asked. Tlie Memorials Council has recom mended an increase in the appropria tions for the care of the 83 American national cemeteries. There is now available for their maintenance an an nual appropriation of but $250,000, or only a little more than $3,000 tor each of them. SEATTLE AND PORTLAND HAVE TWO FINE HOMES FOR CATHOLIC WORKING GIRLS. By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Bishop O'Dea of Seattle, Washing' ton. has purchased the Terry Hotel and will turn it over to the Sisters of Saint Joseph to be used as a home for working girls. The purchase price was about one hundred thousand dol lars. The building is one of the finest in Seattle. It occupies a frontage of 120 feet on Terry Avenue, running back an equal distance on Main Street. The building is of concrete and brick, live stories high and contains 78 rooms. There is already a large waiting list of girls anxious to be accommodated. In Portland, Ore., a similar venture has been set on foot on a large scale, by Archbishop Christie. These two houses are said to be the finest of the kind in the United States. GIBBONS SERVICE CLUB IS OPEN EO TO THE PUBLIC—CARDINAL E S I E S A N A K E S A DRESSES. (By N. C. W. C. News Service The Gibbons Service Club, which is already part of the life of thousands of soldiers and sailors stationed in ar.d about Baltimore, had its formal open ing exercises November 10, with Card dinal Gibbons presiding. Army officers, government officials and men and women prominent in public life and social welfare activities were guests at the reception and ban »pie held in the evening and scores of enlisted men. who had come to Balti more to celebrato Armistice Day, were on hand to enjoy the open-hearted hospitality. Cardinal Gibbons attended the ex ercises against the advice ol his phy sician, declaring that he could not dnnv lim.self fnleasure nf hf»ine hand and setting the seal vi «i» ci probation on the work which has al ready proved its worth among the men who s»»rve their country. 500 -Men a Month Accommodated. In the five months in which the club has been in operation it has aecCTn modated an average of 500 enlisted men a month. There are 150 cots on the three commodious upper floors, a cafeteria,, billiard rooms, assembly halls and writing rooms. Pervading the club is a homelike influence given it by its director. Miss Ida Curlett, and her assistants. Mrs. Laura €. FJnvan and Miss Doralita Hickey. I LATIN SCHOLAR DUD REV. DR. JOHN D. MAGUIRE, CEL EBRATED CATHOLIC SCHOLAR, DIES IN PHILADELPHIA. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Rev. Dr. John Damen Maguire, cele brated Latin scholar aud former dean of the School of Letters and professor of Latin language and literature at the Catholic University, died in Phila delphia November 10 after an ill ness of more than a year. At the time of his death he was rector of St. Eliz abeth's Church. Dr. Maguire was 47 years old. In the death of Dr. Maguire the Catholic Church in America loses one of its most distinguished men of let ters. His great scholarship was re peatedly recognized and honored by American and foreign universities. He received degrees from the University of Pennsylvania, of which he was a graduate, and from Johns Hopkins University. In 1901 he was offered a commission by the Carnegie Institute to translate for it the ancient Roman laws. Dr. Maguire was born, reared and in part educated in Philadelphia On his graduation from La Salle College there in l.SSti, he entered St. Charles Borromeo Seminary in Overbrook. From the Seminary he went to the Catholic University and was ordained to-the priesthood while a student there in 1893. Father Maguire received from the Catholic University the de grees of bachelor of theology and li centiate in sacred theology. A trav eling scholarship was then bestowed on him so as to enable him to com plete his studies in Europe. He spent some time at the University of Bonn. Germany, in the study of classical philology. On his return to the United States he continued his philological studies at the University of Pennsyl vania and Johns Hopkins University. JAPANESESTUDENTS CATHOLIC MOVEMENT IN JAPAN COLLEGES. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) The American Foreign Mission at Maryknoll. N. Y., reports that at Tokyo of late a consoling movement has been noted in two of the secular universi ties. At one (Keio) in particular some hundred students are holding regular meetings for the purpose of studying the Catholic religion. Several have already been baptized and others are under instruction. In the same communication it is re marked that Bolshevism is making in roads into all classes of Society. A860T JDELHEIM NOTED EDUCATOR, FOUNDER OF MT. ANGEL, IS DEAD. Hi. Rev. Abbot Adelheim Odermatt, founder and titular abbot of Mt. Angel Benedictine College, and of the town of Mt. Angel. Ore., died at Portland Saturday evening, November •. where he had gone to act as pastor of St. Joseph's Church ouriug the ab sence of Father Epper in Europe. Abbot Adelheim. who was 82 years of age, was one of the most noted edu cators in the Northwest and was a pioneer in the upbuilding of Oregon. The funeral took place Wednesday and was attended by several prelates, .among whom was Bishop O'Dca of Seattle, and many priests of the N«||4iwesL lEW SPANISH PRIMATE Cardinal Enrique de Alvaraz y San tos. archbishop of Seville, has been chosen primate of Spain to succeed the late Cardinal Guisasola, says the newspaper A. B. C. It is said the decree has been sent to London tor the signature of King Alfonso. A PRACTICAL PUN PHILADELPHIA 8CHOOL CHIL OftEN ARE SAVING MONEY One million dollars is the poal set for the sa\ings of the 100,000 pupils of the parochial schools of the Phila- u viii ovuv^i yCai. i tic pitta Uuuti that splendid sum is to be saved and invested is the U.. S. Government sav ing plan which has received the en dorsement of the ecclesiastical au thorities of the diocese. N U U Under this plan each pupil h*s been set a goal of two Governtnent Saviugs Stamps of the maturity value of $5 each. "The movement I* feasible, prac tical and not a meif experiment." says the Catholic Standard and Times, for it has been proportionately ac complished ttany school* it the Inst year." i 5?- ST. PAUL, MINN., NOVEMBER 20,1920 FOI TERENCE: HtiSWINEV On Thanksgiving* morning, Novem ber 25, at 11 o'clock, there will be a Solemn Mass of Requiem in the Cathe dral for the repose-of the soul of tiie, late Terence MacSWiney, Lord Mayor of Cork. His Grace Most1 RevereYid Arch bishop Dowling will assist at the ass and will deliver an appropriate discourse. The Ancient Order of Hi bernians, who have made arrange ments for this service, invite all the friends of Ireland and lovers of liber ty to be present on this occasion to do honor and to pray for the soul of the Irish martyr. ZEALOUS AFRICAN CGHS (By N. C. W. C. Js'ews Service.) The story of how four hundred Christian neophytes at Kopela, Africa, carried heavy beams and other timber on their heads for a distance of more than one hundred kilometers to con struct their village church is told in the current number of the Algiers Re ligious Weekly by Monsignor Lemaitre, Bishop of Soudan, who extols the great zeal shown by his native converts. The work covered a period of more than a year and a handsome structure with three naves was erected. A PIO DE LUCA DIED RECENTLY BROOKLINE. IN Mr. Pio De Lnca died on Monday evening. November his home in Brookline, -Mass.. after a long illness. He has been well-known in Boston anu throughout New England for the past eighteen years as a tenor and an authority on musical subjects, de voting his energy mainly to the re form of church music along the lines of the Motu Proprio of the late Pon tiff, Pope Pius X. Down to a few months before Jhis death he was in charge of the choir of Holy Cross Cathedral as dir^gtor, professor of singing at St. John's Seminary, Brighton, and supervisor ofylhusic in the parochial schools of the Arch diocese of Boston. A NEW MOVIE NATIONAL SHRINE'S HISTORY MOTION PICTURES. IN (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) There will soon be ready for ex hibition a motion picture film that presents an animated photographic history of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception on the grounds of the Catholic University, from the first ceremony to the laying of the foundation stone last September. Like the picture taken at the time of Cardinal Gibbons' jubilee, this film will show a majority of the American hierarchy. It will give views also of the procession of the Cardinals, Arch bishops and clergy at the laying of the stone, the ceremony of blessing the stone and of the great throng, includ ing foreign diplomats, attending the exercises. A PRIEST GARDENER CONNECTICUT PRIEST WINS FIRST PRIZE FOR FARM PRODUCTS. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) First prize for "producing corn and ^potatoes'* and "honorable mention" for growing cabbage were the awards made by the Town Committee on Farm Products to Reverend James V. Hus sion, pastor of St. John's Church, Say brook, Conn. He was a close second also for the distinction of producing the best squash. When the total points for farm products were made known it was found that Father Hus sion led the list. Points were allowed in accordance «rith size, weight and quality of the products. Father Hussion's yellow bantam corn won first prize in late July, as did his September variety. One ear was 23 inches long. This was facetiously called "Finn Macool," after the fabulous Irish giant. Amonk the potatoes harvested from Father Hussion's garden were some of a size and weight never before seen in that section of Connecticut. A speci- men bushel consisted of his potatoes mm weighed not iess~nnartwo pounds j. TTTCA. This was Father Hussion s first year's experience as a farmer. He had many rivals in the neighborhood, but he labored industriously to match the performance of his competitors. 1EMJM6S Efforts are being exerted by tlie Catholics of Mexico to have December 12, the feast of Oar Lady of Guada lupe, set aside as a national day of thanksgiving for Mexico. K. Of C. Ki ll RADICALS COLLINS AND GOLDSTEIN RE PORT ON CONDITIONS IN SOUTH AND WEST. The war declared on Bolshevism by the Knights of Columbus on Columbus day this year—a renewal of the K. of campaign against extreme radical-, isiu which has been waged by the Knights for the past twelve years, is meeting with conspicuous success in the middle-west and south. Peter W. Collins and David W. Goldstein are the principal K. of C. .protagonists. Reports from Knights of Columbus councils, under whose auspices anti radical meetings have been held, indi cate that thousands of extremists have attended the K. of C. meetings and re ceived corrective views from the K. of lecturers, who enter Into debate with any radical bold enough to take the floor against them. Goldstein, who is making a swing through the southern tifer of States, re ports to Supreme Secretary William 1. McGinlev, that while radical ideas do not llourish in the South, there is a good deal of economic and religious misconception. Collins declares that the West is by no means the breeding round for radicalism that many think it is through the published activities of radical organizations, although hun dreds of the rising generation need information to correct tendencies toward socialism. "The Knights of Columbus cam paign is not intended to combat radi cal opinion so much as to preach the principle of the happy medium," Sec retary McGinley announces. "Our 100 K. of C. free night schools and our general educational work all fits into the plan to disseminate knowledge of broad Americanism. We reach 109,000 persons a week with this work." PHYSICIANS ATTEND MASS (By N. C. W. C. News'Service.) Three hundred Paris physicians, in cluding several 'world-famed members of the medical profession, assembled in the Montmar^ve Basilica of the Sacred Heart, where a special Mass was said for them, most of them re ceiving Holy Communion. These physicians belong to a pro fessional and religious union called "the St. Luke Society."' Their pil grimage to the Sacre-Coeur will hence forward be renewed every year. WAR MEMORIALS FRANCE TO PERMIT ERECTION OF CATHOLIC MONUMENTS. (By N. C. W. C. Newsservice.) Crosses, "Calvaries" and other re ligious monuments to the dead may be reared in public places in France, and state funds, may be properly expend ed in their erection, M. Steeg, Minister of the Interior, has ruled, thus nul lifying one provision of the Law of Se paration. which forbade the placing of additional memorials of the kind on the squares of towns and villages. Catholics began to fear that the Law of Separation would prevent, this form of commemorating the dead, and one of their deputies questioned M. Steeg on the subject. The Minister gave a formal assurance that the law of 1905 did not apply to funeral mounments, and that all monuments commemorat ing the war would be considered fun eral monuments, and that therefore crosses will be permitted on them. Public funds may be applied to the erection of war monuments even in side churches, M. Steeg declared. His statement has fully reassured the Catholics of France. CHICAGO WOMAN LEAVES MORE THAN HALF MILLION TO CHURCH. More than $500,000 is bequeathed to Catholic churches, hospitals, chari ties and schools of Chicago by the will of the late Angella C. Gormully, who was the widow of Richard P. Gor mully. bicycle manufacturer. The will was filed for probate last Tuesday and listed the total value of the es tate at $700,000, all of it being left to charity except bequests to relatives and friends which totaled less than $200,000. The largest bequests are $60,000 to ratfm rttw-tti Amrrimn 7 icmrj ,000 CoUegc Rome, Italy, and $100 I ,• T* I F« •. E .. ,T a I tu lue •Oauiunu uibuiii, iUi the benefit of the poor. CONVALESCENT HOME The Right Rev. Chayles E. McDon ficll, bishop of Brooklyn, has just ap proved the purchase of a large tract at Northport, L. I., by tbe Society of St. Vincent de Paul as an extension to the Convalescent Home for Women and Children at that place. The tract contains forty-one acres, has a fifteen room house and several outhouses. AT THE TOMB OF CHRIST HOLY SEPULCHER GUARDIANS ARE VIRTUALLY PRISONERS OF THE TURKS—FOOD PASSED IN TO THEM AND THEY ARE COM PELLED TO PAY TRIBUTE—CON DITION ESABLISHED BY CHRIS TIAN CONQUEROR. tBv N. C. W. C. News Service) Though Christian armies conquered Jerusalem and forced the Sultan's troops to an unconditional surrender, and though a Christian commander upon entering the Holy City became trustee and protector of the Sacred Places of Christianity, the Holy Se pulcher. for the recoveiv of which the Christian world has made so many sacrifices and endured so many hard ships, is still in control of the Turk. The keys of the Basilica of the Holy Sepulcher have been returned to the followers of Mohammed—to the con quered—and those who rightly own this great church that marks the Sav iour's tomb, the Sons of St. Francis, are virtually prisoners within its walls. This is the astonishing information that comes to Washington from the Holy Land. Monks Pay Tribute to Turks. Whenever the Franciscans wish to have the Basilica of the Holy Sepul cher opened, they are compelled to pay a tribute to the Turks, to whom the Christian deliverer has entrusted the keys. This tribute consists of money or of sugar, coffee, coal or other commodities. The Basilica is locked twice daily—at noon and in the evening. Sometimes the intervals of closing are quite long, and on such occasions nourishment is passed in to the Monks through 'a small open ing in the main floor of the Basilica. The conditions under which the Franciscans have been obliged to live while fulfilling their sacred trust to Christianity for seven hundred years (under Turkish domination) baffles description. Their quarters are of the foulest, with never a ray of sunlight, while in the winter months their couches are often drenched with rain. Life in a prison could hardly be worse. If the Friars go in pilgrimage to the Cenacle they must pray standing be cause the Turks in charge forbid Christians to kneel, though Mohamme dans themselves kneel when at pray er. Yet the Cenacle, by every test of justice and law, belongs to the Fran ciscans. Turks Rewarded for Crimes. The Christian commander who au thorized this continuance of Turkish control based his decision, it 4s ex plained, on a "firman," or grant, be stowed by Saladin, the first Ayubite Sultan of Egypt (1136-1193), who wrested the Holy City from the Chris tian Crusaders. Instead of punishment for their crimes, the Turks are receiv ing privileges instead of recompense for sufferings and sacrifice0, the lot ol the Franciscans is imprisonment and humiliation. "Mohammed over Christ! Bis graced is the Tomb of Our Lord'," say A PRINCELY GIFT CARDINAL O'CONNELL GETS MIL LION FROM PAUL KEITH'S ESTATE. (By N. C. W.CJ. News Service.) In the appraiser's report on the es tate of A. Paul Keith, it is shown that His Eminence Cardinal O'Connell of Boston and Harvard University are the chief beneficiaries under the will. To Cardinal O'Connell was bequeath ed half of the residue estate, after pay ments of bequests to forty-two persons had been made. Harvard University is to receive the other half of the residue. The value of the estate is $2,6*:,151, of which $363,271 is taxable in New York. A. Paul Keith was the son of B. F. Keith, for many years one of Amer ica's leading theatrical proprietors and managers. A. Paul Keith died in Bos ton, October, 1918. HONOR TO ST. JEROME FIFTEENTH CENTENARY OF MOUS DOCTOR OF THE CHURCH. FA- •$% C\ -i Number 46 Christian observers of this strange policy. At the time of the occupation of Jerusalem in 1917, the members of the Custody of the Holy Land comprised Americans and Cubans, Cyprians and English, French, Italians and Portu guese—all of them of the Allied na tionalities. England's intention cannot be, it is urged, to decide in favor of the conquered at the cost of offending the most sacred feelings of those who fought, suffered and sacrificed them selves side by side with her. In the year 1227 the Sultan Malek confirmed in a "firman" the possession of the Holy Places to the Brothers of the Cord (Franciscans). In 1309 the Sultan Bibars II renewed this con firmation in regard to the possession of the Cenacle on Sion, as well as of the Holy Sepulcher and the Grotto to Bethlehem. From the thirteenth down to the nineteenth century the Francis cans were the sole representatives of the Christians of the West at the Ba silicas of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusa lem, "of the Nativity in Bethlehem and of the Annunciation in Nazareth. The Franciscans erected schools, colleges, orphanages, free dispensaries and other similar institutions. Until 1847 they alone upheld public worship alone guarded and reverently main tained the Holy Places alone dis pensed the truth of salvation to the faithful. The question of the Holy Sepulcher is a distinctly Christian question it is not a question of a mosque or a minaret. It is easy to imagine what would be said if, for example, the keys of the Mosque of Omar were to be de livered into the hands of Christians. And yet the conquerors of Jerusalem could have done this conveniently and without the violation of any Turkish right or even the disregard of a justi fied sensitiveness. Built by Christian Emperor. The Basilica of the Holy Sepulcher is of a specifically Christian, of a spe cifically Catholic—Roman Catholic— character. Its builder, the Emperor Constantine (A. D. 325), was truly de voted to the Holy See in Rome. Truly devoted to- the Holy See also was Mo distus, the restorer of the Basilica, in 614, after its destruction. Equally devoted to the Holy See were all the Bishops who presided in the Holy City until their expulsion by the Saracens in 1187. Faithful devotees to the Holy See were the Crusaders and their suc cessors, the Franciscans. Jerusalem holds the ashes of many of the Christian knights who went from Europe to free the Sacred Shrines of Christendom from the Mo hammedans. It is the resting place of King Godfrey of Bouillon ond of King Baldwin I, whose graves are at the foot of Calvary. The Knight Philip of Aubigny, tutor of Henry III of Eng land, is buried in front of the portals of the Holy Sepulchre. These valiant Crusaders too—all of them Sons of the Poverello of Assisi—have been de prived of their rights and outraged by the restoration of Turkish jurisdiction over the Holy Places. 'PRAISE AKAII BISHOPS IRISH CATHOLIC TRUTH SOCIETY TO SPREAD NOTED PAMPHLET. Opening with the stimulus of a tele gram from the Pope, the recent Con ference of the Catholic Truth Society of Ireland was the most remarkable in the Society's career. "The world is not improving. There is only one hope of salvation for hu manity. That is to cling closely to Catholic truth and Catholic teaching, and cling closely to our Holy Father, the Pope." So spoke Cardinal Logue in his introductory words. Lay co-operation being the first mat ter dealt with, His Eminence called attention to the able statement sent forth by the American Bishops after their meeting in Washington and he advised that it be printed as one of til® Irish Catholic Truth Society's publica tions. "From the pronouncement of the American Bishops and from other in dications," said His Eminence, "it to clear that great work is being done, especially by lay Catholics, for the wel fare of the Church. Lay Catholics are very active in America. For their numbers they sfre also very active i|i England. And it is just as well. Fbr it is evident—and I do not say it in any critical spirit—that, outside the v/ituitti, trtty vnnmtnnir itmv The Holy Father, by Apostolic Letter, orders a solemn Triduum to be held in the Liherian Basilica on tcr 1". is. of the fifteenth centenary of theUeathl remains in the world is growing less of St. Jerome. The choice of Santa and less as the days go on." Maria Maggiore is explained by the time-honored tradition, according to which, Italian Crusaders brought the remains of St. Jerome from Bethlehem, where they were buried, to Rome, where they were laid to rest in the Libenan Basilica, now known as Saint Mary Major. The Triduum will be closed by a Papal Chapter exactly similar in solemnity to those held at the Vati can In the presence of the Holy Fath er. the whole college of Cardinals, prelates and members of tfc* Pontifical court. A BISHOP'S Will The will of the late Rt. Rev. ThomiM D. Beaven, D. D., bishop of Springfield, Mass., was filed for probate November 8. It is understood that the bishops entire estate is less than $5,000, duo to the fact that he aided in buildins up with his own, personal means some cf the most notable charitable bene factions in the diocese. ikfir-v'