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The Catholic bulletin. [volume] (St. Paul, Minn.) 1911-1995, February 05, 1921, Image 8

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90060976/1921-02-05/ed-1/seq-8/

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Is it a sin to dance on Sunday eve
ning? What is your opinion as to
dancing on Saturday night?
The question of dancing Juut been
treated in this column on many occa
sions. Briefly, (lancing in itself is
not a sin it is merely an expression
of joy. At the same time this expres
sion may take on manifold aspects:
it may become sinfully insinuating, al
luringly evil, or downright indecent,
as so many dances of
Is it wrong for a Catholic girl to
•ing in a Protestant church and ac
cept money on Sunday, after attend
ing Mass and other duties at her own
We do not care to utter u final de
cree on this subject, for the simple
reason that we have not the authori
ty. The Church strictly forbids Cath
olics to take active part in any non
Catholic ceremonies or services of re
ligion. This is clear. Some Catholics
who sing in non-Catholic churches, af
firm that they are simply a musical
feature of the service, but that they
do not actually participate in the re
ligious service. This is a rather fine
distinction and may sometimes hold
good. To sing liturgical parts of the
non-Catholic service, however, seems
to be really taking an active part in
that service: otherwise, what is it?
An analogous anomaly is seen in hav
ing a non-Catholic sing the words of
the Credo, for instance, at our Catho
lic service. Is there not a tinge of
mockery in a non-Catholic's proclaim
ing before the congregation in a Cath
olic church, "I believe in the Holy
Catholic Church, the Communion of
Saints, the forgiveness of t?ins," when
The $5,000 Sevres vase, lost,in tran
sit. after its presentation by the presi
dent of France to James A. Flaherty,
supreme knight of the Knights of Co
lumbus, has been found in Constanti
nople, a message received January 28
said. It had been placed by mistake
in a shipment of furnishings for the
Knights' club there.
Archbishop Gilmartin, addressing his
people in West port, Ireland, said:
"You are Catholics first and politicians
afterwards. You recognize that while
nationality is a noble sentiment and
a great deal, Christianity transcends
politics and nationality." That the
Catholics of Ireland live up to the ideal
put. before them by His Grace is ex
emplified by two incidents.
In the detention Camp at BalVykin
lar, County Down, there are over 1,000
political prisoners interned. They are
allowed to associate together. One of
the first acts of the prisoners was to
establish a Conference of the St. Vin
cent de I*aul Society. Many of the
prisoners were, before their arrest,
members of the society, and devoted
part of their leisure hours to the relief
of the poor. With the sanction of the
Irish Council of the Society, they form
ed the Conference at the Camp. As
hey are unable in their interment to
visit the pour, they have adopted cer
tain spiritual exercises for the gen
eral good of the members of the Camp.
They have established the Adoration
of the lllessed Sacrament. They dis
tribute beads, prayer books and scapu
lars to such members of the camp as
need them. They organized on Christ
mas morning a full attendance of the
Catholic prisoners at Holy Commun
ion, and 900 approached the altar.
era's sun
Colonel E. H. Green, son of 'ttte Tate
Hetty Green, has given $10,000 to the
Fordism University fund, bringiug the
total to $201,519." ./
"Although I am not of the Orthotic
faith," said Colonel GfeeH In announc
ing the gift at a luncheon at the. Bank
ers' Club. "I appreciate the great work
that is being done at Fordham Univer
sity, and the dire need of new build
ings and additional equipment to car
ry on that work."
The Very Rev. William McNuTty,
pastor of St. John's Church at PateT
son, Itf. J,. and Fordbam's oldest lfv
ing aluui'ins. nruributed $600 to the
fund on lib 92d bi» ariif'
gflol in ,185.vi
i» r«'««iri? (o relltdoa will b«
revel veil. All commit nl
though the nnme ulll not be publlaluMl. Atltlr««*s
"Quc»(loii nod Annvrr eare The embolic Uulletin. 315 Actvion Bide., St. Paul.
ably are. The fact that apparently de
cent or Catholic girls take part in an
indecent dance doos not by any means
purify the dance itself, nor does it
leave the girl pure. As regards in
dulging in this pastime on Saturday
or Sunday, there is nothing wrong in
the act. itself, providing that from oth
er standpoints it be proper. A public
dance on Sunday evening, however,
usually is looked upon as lowering the
standard of observance of the Lord's
Day. Saturday night dances are u
curse, although too often are they
given thoughtlessly—or defiantly—by
certain Catholic societies. The reason
for opposing them is found in the too
ready excuse for missing Mass the
following day, an excuse eagerly
grasped by the lukewarm Catholic,
and sometimes resorted to by the oth
erwise sensible person..
he actually disbelieves in each one of
these dogmas?
If a Catholic misses his Easter duty
and then marries a divorcee (who has
never been baptized) out of the
Church, and she would willingly be
come a Catholic, in what way cculd
he, or both of them, b« taken into the
The first, thing to do is to see your
pastor and explain the case to him.
It will have to be presented to him in,
the end, and it is better to consult
him at once. The Catholic Church
does not recognize your marriage
with a divorced person, The law of
God is very clear in the matter: "And
he^that marrieth her that is put away,
committeth adultery." This is Christ's
teaching in the first three Gospels.
You cannot be received back to the
Church while you arc living in a state
of mortal sin. You must either prove
that the first marriage of your di
vorcee was not a valid marriage (for
you say that she was never baptized)
or you must separate from her. When
that is done, you may be received
back to the Church on your sincere
confession and atonement for what
ever scandal you have given. In her
casc, she could then be received into
the Church after a course of instruc
tions, and when she. has given evi
dence that she has the true faith, that
she believes that the Catholic Church
is the one true Church of God. A vis
it to your pastor will inform you of
your duty in this matter and will be
the easiest out oi yt*ur present
Is there sufctr a ttrfng selling your
soul to the devil?
One could, maliciously and blas
phemously, enter into some sort of
agreement with the demon that if a
certain unlawful gain were received,
or a certain illicit pleasure were giv
en, or a certain sinful ond were at
tained, the devil could have the soul
of the sinner in question. This is a
possible supposition, and we believe
that legend records one or two ex
amples of the transaction. It would
not amount to the actual selling of
the soul in question, because the grace
of God is always active, and the per
son could repent. The only time that
the demon obtains actual and irre
vocable possession of a soul is when
that soul is condemned to hell. In
your case, it was merely a wild and
irrational thought that flashed through
your mind, and you had better forget
all about it.
The success of the Catholic Church
in teaching music was cited by Dr.
Charles Eliot, president emeritus of
Harvard University, to support his
contention in the course of an address
in Boston, before the New England
Educational Conference, that "some
very important changes are needed in
American schools." Dr. Eliot was one
of several speakers at the Conference,
which was attended by Riglit Rev.
Sebastian Walsh, Bishop of Portland,
and other Catholic educators.
Nest to the immediate concern for
the physicaL training of the people, Dr.
Eliot said, should be that for better
systems of teaching in both public and
private schools. He said:
"I think it fundamental that we
have new methods of instruction, new
methods of discipline, new methods of
training. We should make the train
ing of the senses a prime object every
day. We should teach every child to
draw, to model, to sing, to read mu
sic. We must not feel that the teach
ing of music is impossible. The his
tory of music in the Catholic Church
demonstrates that, and the singing of
hymns in many of the religious denom
inations shows that it can be done.
Music, one of the delights of life, has
been neglected in our American
-Hi. Rev. Bishop Drumm has ad
dressed a pastoral letter to the clergy
and laity of the Des Moines diocese,
announcing the institution of a Cath
olic School Board for that city, which
later will bo extended to a diocesan
board. The board will consist of a
Bishop, the principals of Catholic
high schools, the pastors of parishes
with schools attached, together with
laymen and women nominated by the
Board and appointed by the Bishop.
The purpose of the Board is to reg
ulate with authority all matters per
taining to the schools to co-ordinate
all into one unified system to brin
about uniformity of methods, courses,
classes, tosis and textbooks to ex
amine, adopt and install a common
catechism to appoint examiners who
AVill visit and examine all classes at
least once a year and make reports
to pass upon all matters coming up
concerning these schools,, such for in
staner as the location, construction,
and equipment, of new schools, and im
provements on existing schools parent
teacher associations* visiting nurses,
and. the like to meet at stated in
tervals. make, discuss, apply or reject,
recommendations in a word, to be a
clearing, house for all Catholic school
Questions and to print a detailed re
port of nil !-Uyo1
:i under its jmisdic
ti-u £.1 Ui£ cpfl ojjHtth
Catholics in England and Wales
are as numerous now as they were
perhaps in the days after the so
called Reformation, and the Church
is recovering some of the ground she
lost in both countries following that
great religious revolution. Although
the proportion of Catholics to the to
tal population is small, being some
thing like 2 to 40, for all that the
Catholic recovery has been notable.
The facts are strikingly presented
in the official Catholic Directory,
which hat just been issued with the
imprimatur of ecclesiastical authority.
The total number of Catholics in the
kingdoms of England and Scotland
with the Principality of Wales is 2,
4(51,475, of which the proportions are:
England, 1,845,954 Scotland, 546,000,
and Wales 69,521. This gives for the
four Provinces of England and Wales
a united Catholic population of 1,915,
The Catholics possess splendid ca
thedrals, while schools and colleges
conducted by the religious orders rank
with any in the country. There is no
Catholic university, but the Catholics
have returned to Oxford and Cam
bridge, where they have hostels or
halls of study which are affiliated
with the universities, and from which
once again Catholics, both secular and
regular, may proceed to the highest
academic honors.
Evidence* of Catholic Growth
The power of the Church is best
shown in its increase, and from fig
ures supplied by the English and
Welsh dioceses the total number of
conversions in the past year is 10,
592. an excess of 1,190 over the pre
vious year. Another significant thing
made clear by the official figures is
the fact that amontr Catholics alone of
all the religious bodies of Great Brit
ain have religious marriages shown
a notable increase. The adherents of
the Church of England outnumber the
Catholics enormously, while members
of the various other Protectant sects
and other denominations run into mil
lions yet all of these, the report of
the Registrar-General discloses, have
recorded a steady decline in religious
The Catholic Church registers an
increase, with 21,751 marriages cele
brated iu Catholic churches. This is
the total noted in the offi­
cial report of last year. Children's
baptisms for the last twelve months
number 58,092, which is 3,775 more
than in the year before
Advance in Education
fir education the Church has made
great strides even in the space of a
year. There are now 434 Catholic
establishments for higher education,
with some 22,498 pupils, while 180,
031 children are taught in the 1,204
parochial schools for elementary edu
The Tudor monarchs who took in
hand the task of breaking the power
of the Catholic Church in Great Brit
ain directed their wrath particularly
against the religious orders, with a
momentary success that is shown in
the innumerable ruins of abbeys and
religious houses with which the coun
try is dotted. But for all that the re
ligious orders have come back, and
arc stronger than they.were even be
fore the Reformation.
In anticipation of a struggle in de
fense of Catholic education, thjs year,
the Bishops of Germany, appealing to
the provisions of the national consti
tution, have submitted a petition to
Parliament and presented the claims
of the Church and of Catholic parents
to religious instruction for children.
The Bishops set forth the Catholic
view of education, which, they con
tend, should everywhere embrace mor
al as well as mental culture. Their
position as representatives of the
Church and the Catholic body is clear
ly and unequivocally defined.
The confessional "people's schools"
are the best for Catholic children,
they hold. They point out that these
schools exist in every community
where parents desire them to be es
tablished or maintained, and that they
should not be slighted in favor of the
Simultan (combination) schools. The
same, the Bishops say, applies to the
Catholic high schools.
To avoid conflicts over the ques
tion, the present confessional schools
must bo recognized as sanctioned by
the national constitution in all cases
in which the parents want them.
The expression, "proper manage
ment," must not be construed as an
impediment to the establishment and
conduct of confessional schools, the
Bishops declared. On the contrary,
such schools are always to be estab
lished it a sufficient number of pa
rents desire—tills number to be deter
mined-in accordance tfith the law.
Private confessional schools, the
Bishops demand, shall be supported
as far as possible by the parents, but
the state must contribute some ofcdhe
cost of theni.
Mrs. Maurice Francis Egan, wife of
the former United States minister to
Denmark, died of pneumonia January
27, at the home of her son-in-law, G.
A. .O'Reilly, of Brooklyn. Mrs Egan
Co^teygg Maria Fumasoni-Biondi
and her three children,, Leone, Juri
*nd Musjq, on January 4, made their
solemn profession of Catholic faith in
the Church of the Sisters of the Sa
cred Heart, in Rome, The Countess,
who comes of a noble Russian family,
had been contemplating this step for
some tirue.
The ceremony wag conducted by
Cardinal Granito Pignatelli di Bel
monte, Bishop of Albano, who, before
the reading of the ritual formula, de
livered a short address in which he
pointed out the significance of the
beautiful ceremony. The Countess
and her children, kneeling before the
Prince of the Church, then read the
profession of faith and accomplished
the prescribed acts.
The Russian priest, Father Evrein
oflf, then celebrated Mass according to
the Greek rite, and administered Holy
Communion under the two species, ac
cording to this rite.
The ceremony was, witnessed by
Cardinals Camassei and Marini, by
the Princess Wolkonski and Count
Bobrincki and many notable persons
from the Russian colony in Rome.
The same morning the Countess
Fumasoni was received in private au
dience by the Holy Father, who after
speaking a few kindly words, gave to
her and her three children some
beautiful rosaries in memory of the
happy occasion.
The annual meeting of the United
States Catholic Historical Society will
be held in New York Monday, Febru
ary 7, at the Catholic Club. The Hon.
Maurice Francis Egan, who will make
the address of the evening, will speak
on "James A. McMaster, Editor of the
Freeman's Journal." Election of offi
cers will be held during the evening.
The society has already announced
the subject of its third annual essay
contest, whiok will be competed for
by students in Catholic colleges of the
United States. The subject is: "Mar
garet Brent, the First Suffragist and
Some Other Women Leaders in Cath
olic American Annals."
How bigotry ip the South is being
conquered- through the faith of little
children is inspiringly illustrated in
the little town of Cottonton, Ala., set
in a missionary field that for years
resisted every advance of the true
faith, and which even now numbers
only one hundred and fifty Catholics
in six thousand square miles.
Here, five years ago, the mission
ary sisters in -kiy garb found every
door closed against them and were
forced to seek alms and asylum in an
other city. Today they have estab
lished a flourishing school, the Bless
ed Trinity Academy, which numbers
five hundred^ children. With few ex
ceptions these children are non-Cath
olics, many of them the offspring of
fathers and mothers who a few years
ago could hardly tolerate the mention
of a priest or the sight of a mission
ary sister.
Difficulties ft). Starting Mission
Cottonton is scarcely more than a
dot on the map of Russell County,
and lies in the diocese of Mobile, close
to where the Chattahoochee separates
Alabama from Georgia. It is served
from the Vincentian Mission in Opel
ika, a town of 4,500, in Lee County,
where the Rev. Thomas A. Judge and
four assistants have established St.
Mary's Mission House. From this
base of operations the Vincentians
take care of four missions and seven
stations, scattered through seven
counties. At Phoenix City, in Lee
County, the Missionary Servants of
the Blessed Trinity have another
school, with a registration of one hun
dred and fifty boys and one hundred
girl*, of whom scarcely a dozen are
In this section of Alabama bigotry
seems to be almost a blood condition.
Repeated efforts on the parts of zeal
ous and resourceful missionary priests
even to establish friendly relations
with the people repeatedly failed. The
ignorance and provincialism of many
of the natives left them a prey for
years to activity of fanatical preach
ers and unprincipled politicians.
Finally there was only one resource
left. That was the use of lay cate
chists. Generous and zealous men
and women were engaged in the work.
The .young men, in order to establish
contact with the people, went into busi
ness. They formd friendly relations
with tradesmen, mechanics, bankers
and professional men.
But the missionary Sisters, garbed
in lay dress, did even more notable
and successful work. Two of them
came to Cottonton five years ago.
They wanted to establish a school.
Violent opposition met them threats
and slanders were employed to drive
them away, ft seemed as though
their efforts were to be in vain.
Then came opportunity. Three lit
tle ones from the North were brought
,by their parents into the district.
Here were charges for the Sisters and
a school w^s established. Like the
grain of mustard seed it grew. Now
it is a social center for the surround
ing- territory and in four years, hun-
drr»d«* pf ehikV*lt the oupjority of tinned.
formerly was Miss Katharine Blulliu tb"n imn-Catliolicy. have come under '\Vbt.n you make oath in a secret
tlioif ftfufed a*
agricultural and technical ge&ool
which bids fair to become an imptK"
tant community center.
By Their Works They Are Known
But most important of all they have
penetrated the affections of the peo
ple. To accomplish this they have
'employed the spiritual and corporal
works of mercy with unfaltering zeal
and unremitting patience. They have
visited and nursed the sick, they have
instructed the ignorant and supplied
facilities for education through use
of libraries they have formed busi
ness associations and interested them
selves in social service work, and now
they are strengthening and deepen
ing these meanB of contact with the
needy and unprogressive natives
through their agricultural school.
Meanwhile these lay Sisters have
been organized into a community
known as the Missionary Servants of
the Most Blessed Trinity. Vocations
are beginning to develop among young
men. Several are already away at
college and when sufficient means are
supplied for them others will follow.
By Dr. Frederick Funder.
(Editor Vienna "Reichspost")
Apprehensions felt by the Catholic
public of Jugo-Slavia have been justifi
ed by the outcome of the recent elec
tions. The old Catholic party of that
country, after achieving one victory
after another under the leadership
first of Canon Kuhn and subsquently
of Dr. Sustersic and Dr. Krek, has ex
perienced a depressing failure. Out of
40 mandates in Slavonia the Catholic
party now has but fifteen.
The chauvinism to which so many
became a prey in the last year, induc
ed many notable Catholics—even some
of the clergy—to retire from political
life and devote themselves solely to
religious activites. Many of them, un
able to share the hopes held out for
the new development, found it ad
visable to assume a waiting attitude.
Others sought to rival the liberal par
ties in their ecstasies of nationalism,
flattering themselves, apparently, that
this would result in an understanding
with Serbian Orthodoxy and ultimate
ly in a reunion of that communion
with the Catholic Church.
Boasts of the Liberal Orsans
Keen disppointment is felt by those
Vho now read of the triumph of anti
clericalism. The liberal organ, Sloven
ski Narod, boasts of the defeat of these
hopes of consolidation. This publica
tion declares that the Slavonians and
Croatians have "finally entered the
Oriental sphere of culture," and that
"Jugo-Slavia is celebrating a striking
victory of Orthodoxy over Roman
Christianity.'' This wholesale defec
tion of Catholics is not accepted as a
fact or probability by Catholic ec
clesiastics or publications. The Cor
respondenzblatt fur den Katholischen
Clerus holds that "there is surely no
danger at present to threaten the Cath
olic public."
There is some justification for these
forebodings. Religious- controversies
and troubles are raging in Croatia.
Twelve parishes in Croatia have adopt
ed the party of the so-called Reform
ers, who are preaching a kind of
Jansenism among Croatian Catholics.
They are proclaiming nationalism
within the Church, the popular elec
tion of the clergy and the aboli&w of
Menace of Chauvinism.
Notwithstanding all these condi
tions, the menace to the Church in
Jugo-Slavia is not so great as it is in
Czecho-Slovakia. First, it must be
noted, the elections in Croatia have
issued in such a way that the Croatians
are practically isolated from the Orth
odox Serbs. Moreover, the distinctive
marks of the Catholics in the western
parts of the country will once more
separate them from the Orthodox sec
tions of the East.
W. C*
News 9errt*).
•Rev. Peter Finlay, S. J., has in the
latest of his theological addresses
dealt with the sinfulness of member
ship in secret societies. First, he
takes the Society of Freemasons.
Membership of that body is of itself
immoral and, furthermore, it is for
bidden under the gravest obligation
and penalties by the Church.
"Here in Ireland," he said, "we have
had experience of similar oath-bound,
secret organizations iit our own time."
The immorality of such secret Or
ganizations and the consequent im
morality of the oath by which mem
bers may be bound to them arose from
the every nature of the organizations
themselves, he continued. A Catholic
joining a religious order had from
one to two. perhaps seven or eight
years, during which he could study
it from within, before binding himself
to it irrevocably. In the case of se
cret societies, admission precedes all
real knowledge: fn entering you
pledge yourself to the unknown. In
a Catholic Religious Order you enter
a body approved of by the public au
thority of the Church to whom Rules
and Constitution have been submitted,
by whom they have been confirmed
who controls all /the orders' activi
ties. In a secret society there is
neither approval nor control by any
public authority, civil or religious.
When you take the oath or vows
of a religious order you bind yourself
only "according to the Rules and Con
stitution" which the Church has sanc-
"iSpi llPpgliiliililgiigp
•for rent!
are $15
At once (before the burgiar arrives at your
home) rent a Safe Deposit Box—the cost
is less than one cent a day ($3.00 per year).
Be safe—not sorry.
Church property. We have money to loan
in amounts from $5,000.00 up on Catholic
churches, schools and other uistitutiong at
prevailing rates.
Mercantile Security Company
526 Merchants Bank {$Idg.
jJit?btifz(7-0iunfa/r Qr.
813-517 Nicollet AVMIU*
Are iffDtm
Sim ReadSimess to
Iy to obey all directions whatsoever
and even iihouUl your oatli contain
the saving word "lawful" it. is the
chiefs of the society who must judge
of "the lawfulness yoti may not judge
for yourself, nor
It. .Hoinliorsliiii in
The Motor Show?
A few interesting ways which thfc
Young-Quinlan Shops offer—of being
Motoil0 (C©8l(tS of soft tweed are $45s
Wwrn $ Jg«(Q)ini of jersey
are $12.50
Hsimidlsom© GimMooir0 SlknH^
Big and stunning SpOIPftScatfTfs $10
IHI©&vy meirceH^ed rSlblbed IHIos©, for ox­
ford wear, black or brown, $1.75
and $50
Hew silts mad wool frocks start at $35
IFtUUPS—Coats and small pieces are reduced
'way down,
mail order department is waiting
to serve you.
you seek the
judgment of the Church or of the
State. And it is in this mainly that
the immorality and sinfulness of mem
bership of a secret society consists. A
member of such a society gives liim
nelf over blindly into the hands of un
disclosed irresponsible superiors. He
may be called upon to violate the very
gravest obligations imposed on him by
natural, civil, ecclesiastical, and di
vine law, and, however horrible the
.sin, the member had promised, had
e^'ftn sworn solemnly before God, to
and divine laws, even though its ob
ject be rightful and deserving of ail
praise. ,t,
Excavations* at Beth-Shan, in th'e
Valley of Megiddo. Palestine, will be
undertaken next Juno by the Muneim
of the University of Pennsylvania, in
the expectation of unearthing relics
that will throw additional light on th»
early history pf that part of the Le
tt ilk not necessary for^all n^en to
Tie* great
"In action. The greatest and
ur iii
-Horacv Bushncil,

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