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4 LETTER OF POPE BENEDICT XV, HOLY FATHER GRANTS SPECIAL FAVORS FOR TERTIARY CEN TENARY—MAKES FRANCISCAN CELEBRATION OCCASION FOR URGING IMITATION OF POVER ELLO'S VIRTUES—MASTERFUL PICTURE OF EVILS OF WORLD AND THEIR REMEDY. The full text of the Encyclical let ter Issued by the Holy Father for the seventh centenary anniversary of the Institution of the Third Order of St. Fraacis Id as follows: The Letter. Venerable Brothers, Greeting and Apostolic Benediction: Truly opportune We deem the ap groaching celebration of the seventh Centenary of the institution of the Third Order of Penitence and to rec ommend it with all the strength of Our authority. We are induced not only by the certainty that it will re sult in a great advantage for the Christian people, but also by the grate ful remembrance of something that personally concerns Us. In fact, when in 1882, amidst the affectionate ap plause of the good, the birth of the great Saint of Assisi was solemnized, We wished to enter his family, and In the famous Basilica of Santa Maria In Ara Coeli, We put on the habit of a Franciscan Tertiary. Now, that, by Divine disposition, We were raised to this Chair of Peter, with all Our heart, even by reason of Our devotion toward St. Francis, We take advan tage of the occasion offered to Us. in order to exhort all the devoted chil dren of the Church to enroll in this Order, or, if already enrolled, to re main faithful to this institution of the Poor Man of Assisi, which is won derfully suited to the wants of wr present times. Character tff Satnt Franchr. It is, however, necessary first of all, trhat everyone have an exact idea of the character of St. Francis be cause that personage of Assisi, of flBi ety modernist invention! prWenfed today as not very obedient to this Apostolic See, and as an exemplar of vague and shadowy mysticism, can not really be called either Francis of Assisi or Saint. "Now, the great and imperishable merits of St. Francis towards Chris tianity—for which he was justly call ed a support given by God to the Church in one of the most troubled periods—found their crowning in the Third Order, which, better than any Other of his enterprises, brings to light the magnitude and the intensity of his ardor in propagating every where the glory of Jesus Christ. In fact, considering the evils which then afflicted the Church, he was moved by an immense desire to renovate all according to Christian principle and to this end he founded a double Or der, one of brothers and another of sisters who, professing solemn vows, were to follow the humility of the Cross but being unable to receive all those who from everywhere flocked to put themselves under his discipline, he supplied a means to reach perfec tion even to those living in the world, and instituted a true Order, that of Tertiaries, not hound by religious Trows as the preceding ones, but equal ly inspired by simplicity of customs and spirit of penitence. Friend of the People. He was thus the first who conceived and happily effected, with the divine help, what no other founder of Regu lars had till then devised, namely, to render common to all the tenor of re ligious life on this point We will re call the beautiful words of Thomas Of Celano: "Artificer truly excellent, Wider whose religious formation, with a praise worth exalting, the Church Jf Christ renovates herself in both sexes, and a threefold crowd of peo ple who want to be saved, triumph." From the testimony of so authorita tive a man, contemporary of the Saint, it is easy to understand how deeply St. Francis with this institution stir red the multitudes and what salutary renovation it worked among them. Therefore, as it is impossible to doubt that St. Francis was the true founder of the Third Order, as he had .been the founder of the First and the Sec ond, so, without any doubt, he was its most wise legislator. In this matter toe was greatly assisted, as.it is kbown, by Cardinal Ugolino, the same who afterwards, under the name of Gregory IX, illuminated this Apos tolic See, and who, after the death of the Patriarch of Assisi, whose inti- mate friend he remained while he lived, erected on his tomb such beautiful and magnificent temple. And nobody forgets that the Rule of the Tertiaries has been solemnly sanctioned and approved by Out Pred ecessor Nicholas IV. But we need not enlarge on this matter, because our chief purpose is to demonstrate the character and the inner spirit of the Third Order from which, as in St. Francis" time, in this period so antagonistic to virtue and Faith, the Church expects great bene fits for the Christian people. That ex cellent judge of present times, Leo XIII, to render the discipline, of Ter tiaries more accessible to ev^ry rank )f persons, very wisely, by.the Con stitution Misericors Dei Filius of the year 1883, tempered their rule, "ac cording to the present conditions of society," changing some matters of lesser importance, that did not seem suitable to our customs: "with this, however," he adds, "it must not be thought that anything essential has been taken from the Order, as we want its nature to be kept entire and unchanged." Nature of Third Order. Thus every alteration was only ex trinsic, and did not touch at all the substance of the same, which contin ues to be such as the holy founder wanted it to be. And we are of opin ion that the Spirit of the Third Order, entirely pervaded with evangelical wisdom, will greatly contribute to the amelioration of public and private cus toms, provided it flourishes anew as when St. Francis by word and exam ple preached everywhere the Kingdom of God. In fact, first of all, he wants brotherly love to shine particularly in his Tertiaries as a producer of har mony and peace. Well understanding that this is the chief commandment of Our Lord and as the summary of the whole Christian life, he directed all his care to imbuing with it his follow ers and he thus succeeded in render ing the Third Order most useful to hu man society because the seraphic ar dor of charity which inflamed' St. Francis could not remain shut in his heart, and necessarily burst to com municate itself to as many as it could. Therefore, having begun by reform ing the private and domestic life of his brethren, directing them to the ac quisition of virtue, as if it were their sole aim, he thought that he ought not to stop here, but use this individual reform as an instrument to bring with in society a breath of Christian life, thus gaining every one to Christ. And the thought which inspired Francis to make of his Tertiaries so many her alds and apostles of peace in the vio lent strifes and civil troubles of his times, was also our thought, when al most the whole world blazed in the horrible war, and is now, rwhen 0 immense fire is not yet extinguished, but still smokes, and here and there bursts forth in flames. And added to this is the internal trouble which ex cites the nations—owing to the long forgetfulness and the contempt of Christian principles—and causes the various social classes to fight for the possession of earthly goods and such a fierceness as to make one dread a universal catastrophe. What Is Expected. Therefore, in this immense field, in which, as the representative of the King of Peace, We have lavished our most tender cares, We expect, from all the children of peace of Christ the assistance of their activity, but spe cially from Tertiaries, who will ad mirably help in this reconciliation of spirits, if, besides growing in numbers, they will intensify t*heir enterprising zeal. It is to be hoped, therefore, that there be no town, no village, no bor ough, without a good number of breth ren, who. however, must not be inert, and contented with the bare name of Tertiaries, but active and zealous for their salvation and that, of their neigh bor. And why could not the various Catholic associations of young men, women, and workingmen, flourishing almost everywhere, enroll themselves in,the Third Order of Penitence, to go on working for the glory of God and the advantage of the Church, with that spirit of charity and peace which animated St. Francis? Because the peace so anxiously invoked by peoples, is not the peace laboriously elaborated by politic craft, but the one which Christ brought to us, when he said: "Peace I leave with you My peace I give unto you not as the world giv eth do I give unto you." And the agreement between the States and the different classes, that may be evolved, by men, Cannot last nor have the strength of a true peace, if it is not founded on the tranquility of spirits, that in its turn can only exist when the passions fomenting all kinds of discord are kept in leash. "From whence are wars and conten tions among you?-' asks the Apostle St. James, "Are they not hence, from your concupiscences, which war in your members?" Well, then, to order man'interiorly, so that he may be not the slave but the master of his pas sions, and in turn be obedient and sub ject to the divine will, in. which order universal peace is founded, this is the effect, of the virtue of Christ, showing itself admirably efficacious in the fam ily of Franciscan Tertiaries. The Two Spirits. Since, then, this Order proposes, as We have said, to guide its members to Christian perfection, although they b^ involved in the solicitudes of the world—because no state of life is in compatible with holiness—if they are many who live according to this rule it follows that they will incite all the others among whom they live, not only to fulfil entirely their duty, but also to aspire to a perfection greater than the one prescribed by the ordinary law. Therefore, that praise bestowed by Our Lord on his disciples most de voted to him. when He said: "They are not of the world, as I also am not of the world," can justly be applied to 'those sons of St. Francis, Who (Continual on page 3.) SEVEN MOM CARDINAL DOUGHERTY PRE SENT S HONORS TO PHILADEL PHIA PRIESTS. Six Philadelphia priests and anoth er now stationed at Bethlehem, Pa., last Sunday were elevated to the rank of Monsignor by Cardinal Dougherty To each of the new Monsignors was presented personally by Cardinal Dougherty at the Cardinal's residence, the Papal Bull, which bore the seal of the Vatican and signature of the Pope, notifying him of his new honors. The new Monsignori are: The Rev. James Nash, rector,of the Church of the Epiphany the Rev. Michael J. Donovan, rector of St. Agatha's Church the Rev. Fenton J. Fitzpatrick, rector of St. Malachy's Church the Rev. James A. Mullin, rec tor of Our Lady of Lourdes Church the Rev. Michael J. Rafferty, rector of St. Stephen's Church the Rev. M. A. Koptkiewicz, rector of the Church of St. John Cantius the Rev. William McGarvey, rector of the Church of the Holy Infancy. Father McGarvey was formerly an Episcopalian minis ter. OF BISHOP SCHWERTNER TO BE CON SECRATED ON JUNE 8. The Right Rev. Mgr. August J. Schwertner of Toledo, and formerly of Canton, Ohip, who was recently ap pointed Bifhop of the Diocese of Wich ita, Kan., has honored his fellow Cath olics of Canton by choosing St. Pe ter's Church in which to celebrate his first solemn Pontifical Mass on Sun day, June 12. It was in St. Peter's that Mgr. Schwertner said his first Mass as a priest 25 years ago. Mgr. Schwertner will be conse crated as Bishop on Wednesday, June thi^ being the twenty-fifth anni versary of his ordination into the priesthood. He will be installed in his ^ioc'i^ with special services at Wichita oVjune 28. HE IRISH CONVENTION CHICAGO IS HOST TO 5,000 DELE GATES FROM EVERY PfiMt OF UNITED STATES. More than 50,000 men, women and children marched in the mammoth parade with which Chicago welcomed ,000 delegates to the national con vention of the American Association for the Recognition of the Irish Repub lic that convened last Monday for a business session of two days. The veterans of the world war, thousands of whom are members of the associa tion, occupied the place of honor in the long line of march. Under the direction of Mrs. McWhorter there was a large representation of Celtic Cross workers, while floats depicted present conditions in Ireland. The business session of the conven tion convened Monday morning in the Medinah Temple and occupied the at tention of the delegates till adjourn ment on Tuesday evening. Among those who addressed the convention were Miss MaeSwiney, Hon. Frank P. Walsh, Donal O'Callaghan, Lord May or of Cork, and Harry Boland of the rish mission. Minnesota was represented by 250 delegates, including a number of priests. ARCHBISHOP^ FUNERAL IMPRESSIVE BURIAL Of? IRISH PRELATE IN DUBLIN. Impressive services marked the burial of Archbishop Walsh of Dublin. Cardinal Logue, head of the hierarchy the Protestant archbishop, and "num erous other dignitaries of both Catho lic and Protestant churches attended. Gen. MacReady represented the gov ernment, and flags at Dublin castle and other buildings flew at half mast. Eamon de Valera was represented by J. J. O'Kellv, the only Republican member of parliament not liable to arrest. Mrs. De Valera occupied the lord mayor's carriage. I MINIS FLAG NEW FORM OF SERVICE FLAG SUGGESTED FOR PARISH CHURCHES. .... As a fltfafttlus to vocations, arid as a recognition of the sacrifices made by youHg men and young women who have entered the priesthood and broth orhoods and sisterhoods of the Church it is suggested by the magazine, "Our Missions," that religious service flags indicating the number each parish has given be displayed in the church and schools. The idea is the outgrowth of the practice during the war of hanging out service flags for those who enlisted in the army or the navy "Our Missions" is published by the Society of the DKlne Word of Tectmy, 111. i# v-y* #& I ST. PAUL, MINN., APRIL 23, 1921 PEOPLE CLING TO IDEA OF MON ARCHY—TRADITIONS BOUND UP WITH HISTORY^^ OATHOLICI tY. The Hungarian people tend natural ly towards a monarchy, fs the opinion of a distinguished cleric who is on a short mission in London. "I was born in Hungary, of an an cient Hungarian noble family, and I speak Hungarian as my mother tongue. But, unfortunately, I am one of those whom the peace treaty has robbed of their nationality, and at the present time I. .am what is called a Rumanian." Speaking of contemporary events in Hungary, and particularly about the so-called coup to restore the mon archy, this priest said: "Most of the people and most of the newspapers who are talking so much about the frustrated attempt of ex-Emperor Karl, have hardly the re motest idea of what they are saying. "The Allied powers may have deter mined never to permit the return of the Hapsburgs but they cannot drive out from the hearts of the Hungarian people the age-long affection they have for the monarchy. The monarchy is too much bound up with all that is stirring and emotional in the nation al history for the people ever to for get it. The historic Crown of St. Ste phen, with which the King of Hun gary is crowned, is a symbol of the past religious greatness of Hungary that makes a direct appeal to the heart, of every one who has the least glimmerings of patriotism. "Also, the monarch was known as the Most Apostolic King, which lent to his sovereignty almost ^sacramen tal character." THE JM COW RT REV. FATHER FROWIN YFEARS ABBOT IN SAME MONASTERY. On April 5, 1881, Pope Leo XIII raised the Benedictine Monastery at Conception, Mo., to the rank of an Abbey and appointed Father Frowin Conrad, O. S. B., its first Abbot. It was a happy coincidence that this year on April 5 in the Benedictine Or der the Feast of St. Benedict was celebrated, and hence with all the solemnity due to such a feast, Con ception Abbey observed the fortieth anniversary of the Abbot's appoint ment. The Venerable Father Abbot celebrated Pontifical High Mass and Father Stephen, O. S. B., Rector of the College, delivered the panegyric, dwelling on the influence of Western Monasticism on civilization.. On Sep tember 1°, 1923, it will be fifty years since Abbot Frowin came to: Concep tion. 10 RAISE 12,000,000 FOR BOSTON COLLEGE (By N, C. W. C. News Service.) Support for the campaign to raise a fund of $2,000,000 for Boston Col lege, has been given by Mayor Peters, who said in a letter to Rev. William Devlin, S. J., president of the institu tion, that "to train hundreds of young men in the various fields of learning, coupled with, a strong vibrant moral course, is a work meriting the respect of our state and city." The campaign for the fund, which will be expended in erecting four new buildings at University Heights, will begin May 3 and continue ifntil May 12. SCHOOLS REPORT OF CLEVELAND SCHOOLS SHOWS DISCOURAGING RE SULTS—CAN EASILY BE MATCH ED IN OTHER CITIES. In a report read and discussed by the Child Welfare Department of the Cleveland federation of WTomen's Club, R. G. Jones, Superintendent of Schools of that city, says immorality is the greatest menace of the public schools today that we are fast drift ing toward free love in this country that the mothers of the nation are not doing their duty, and that dancing in Cleveland schools will be barred en tirely unless it is conducted as «sf.: OT UW ,. •. v- T^ JT^ n w*^" v ?3 »•«*. .v. 40 a wholesome pleasure and entertain ment for school pupils. "Indifference on the part of par ents toward the activities of their children is one of the greatest prob lems in immorality," Mr. Jones's re* port continued. "It is up to the worn en and mothers to set higher stand ards of morality and home life. Un less there is a greater feeling for morality, I fear the community and nation will drift toward free love.' The situation in Cleveland's high schools, Superintendent Jones assert ed, was particularly aggravatefd by extreme dressing of many girls, by night riding in automobiles and by immodest dancing at school parlies. FiUS MISSIONARY DEAD PADRE AGOSTINO DA MONTEFEL TRO ONCE FAMOUS ORATOR WAS GREAT FRIENJD Of OR PHANS AND POOR. Father Agostino da Montefeltro, the famous Frahclscan'missioijary of Italy, died at Pisa, April 12, at the age of eighty-two years. Many years ago he was the most noted preacher in Italy. His sermons were translated into English and pro duced profound impression. Padre Agostino, famous pulpit ora tor and more famous still as friend and helper of the poor, was buried in the orphanage church at Marina di Pisa, where he will rest near the band of little children in whose service he spent the last decades of his life. He was surrounded in his last moments by the orphans for whom he had built a large home. Before becoming a Franciscan Friar, Padre Agostino was Dr. Luigi Vicini. When he entered the Francis can Order, after abandoning a career as physician, he was urged to devote himself to the big social problems of the time. Freeing himself from the conventionalism and artificialities that then were common to sacred ora tory, Padre Agostino thrilled vast con gregations in Pisa, Milan, Bologna, and Rome itself. Pope Benedict XV. then in Bologna, was one of Padre Agosti no's admirers, and, it is related, often went' unobserved into the church of San Carlo jto hear the brilliant Fran ciscan preach. An accident, JIMT as it was* strange, brought to a premature end Padre Agostino's career as one of the most eloquent orators in Europe. By mis take a cup of hot water into which snuff had been infused instead of cof fee, was given to him one day after he had finished a sermon. His rich and powerful voice was ruined. He then turned his whole energies to-the relief of the poor. NATHAN, EX-WAYOR OF ROME IS DEAD Ernesto Nathan, former Mayor of Rome, who was one of the most bitter enemies of the Catholic Church, died in Rome on April 9 of heart trouble. He contracted the disease while fight ing in the mountainous country as a volunteer in the war, which under mined his constitution. Signor Nathan was'JjSfliis seventy-sixth year. UNLIKEFCV THAT RELATIONS WITH HOLY SEE WILL BE RE SUMED BEFORE AUTUMN. The resumption of diplomat!# rela tions between France, and the Holy See has ueen held up, as had been ex pected, by the action of the Senate, which has decided to postpone con sideration of the bill until the budget has been disposed of. This probably means a delay until the Autumn. The French Premier appeared be fore the Foreign Affairs Commission of the Senate to urge the early con sideration of the Vatican bill, and pointed out that France is greatly hampered, in comparison with other nations, by not having her official Am bassador at the Vatican. "The mis fortune is," Premier Briand said, "that such a question, which ought to be dealt, with apart from all contro versy, should not be settled at once. It ought not to be allowed to fall into the domain of party politics. A rapid solution is, then, highly desirable." M. Marrand, the Minister of the Interior, and a large number of Sena tors are opposed to the measure, and may succeed in preventing its adop tion, although the Government is pledged to resume relations with the Holy See '4" NAPOLEON'S CENTENARY Religious ceremonies in Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris, at which Cardinal Dubois has promised to be present, will be part of the French nation's commemoration of the one hundredth anniversary of Napoleon's death at St. Helena, May 5, 1821. An appre ciation of the great Emperor will be pronounced in the Cathedral by Abbe Hennoque, a chaplain, who was eleven times cited during the war for acts of gallantry. The ceremonies in the Ca thedral will precede by a day the civil and military observance of the anni versary on May 5. PROFANITY BANNED ON FIELD Players in the American Associa tion are forbidden, in rules Just pro mulgated by President Hickey, to use profanity or other bad language on the baseball field. This prohibition be comes effective with the opening of the season and will continue in force. *•&* ,.» Assertirig that the day of the nom inal Catholic had passed and that men, to he citizens of the highest type, must be true to their obligations as Christians, Admiral William S. Benson, head of the United States Shipping 1'oard, .and one of the fore most Catholic laymen in the country, spoke to 2,000 members of the Grand Rapids, Mich., Diocesan Union of the Holy Name Society at their fourth quarterly meeting in the Coliseum Sunday afternoon, April 10. "One of the great stumbling blocks to the Church in America," declared the Admiral, "is the failure of Cath olic. men to live up to their duties as Catholics. No longer can non-Catho lics question the loyalty of our Church to the state. There is prac tically no phase of national life in which we have not demonstrated our perfect Americanism. But to pre serve this spirit of loyalty to coun try, men must be 'loyal to God, who first and alone made possible a Chris tian citizenship," he said. Oratory Sharp. Admiral Benson talked in the sharp, laconic fashion of a commanding of ficer dispatching his orders from the bridge of a battleship. What his ora tory lacked in volume it made up in the directness of delivery. "Catholic citizens ought particular ly to interest themselves in the mat ter of civil legislation, since the Cath olic Church has always respected and supported civil authority and urges her children to the' observance of all just laws," he said. "This is partic ularly important at a time when Chris tian principles and life have grown weak outside of the Catholic Church and our citizens are easily misled hy un-Christian and even pagan princi ples and ideals of life and government, of the state and family, which are soon reflected in legislation that is anti-Christian, anti-social, and becomes an instrument of oppression and tyr anny. 1 'Be Christians', Says Admiral Benson FAMOUS CHIEF OF AMERICAN NAVY ADDRESSES TWO THOU SAND HOLY NAME MEN IN GRAND RAPIDS—LOYALTY TO RELIGIOUS OBLIGATIONS RE QUIRED OF HIGH TYPE OF CITI* ZENSHW^ Speaks Of Law. '"Law is the source of all civiliza tion and of its benefits, since It se cures peace and good order, without which solid progress, material or so cial, is impossible. It secures to each man his rights, that is, the freedom to develop his opportunities and ad vantages, to provide for his family and its future, to contribute to the common welfare. "Human law is the image, in the social order, of the law which God has given to the universe, and which secures its regularity, the beneficent succession of seasons and harvests, the products of the sea and the mines, all the services of nature to man. In a republic every citizen is called on to observe and respect, and support PAROCHIAL SCHOOL HEADS DIOCESAN SCHOOL DIRECTORS MEET IN WASHINGTON—DIS CUSS PROBLEMS OF CATHOLIC EDUCATION. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.). Legislative and educational pro blems that affect the Catholic school system of the United States were thoroughly discussed at the Catholic University when superintendents of Catholic education or their represen tatives from more'than a score of dio ceses met in Washington under the auspices of the Superintendents' De partment of the Catholic Educational Association last week. Notable among the matters which were thoroughly examined was that of securing teachers' certificates and de grees in different states of the union. Federal, state and local legislative problems were gone over at a confer ence presided over by the Rev. Michael J. Larkin of New York. The phases of the Catholic high school systems in different dioceses were also discussed, the work of central high schools, paro chial high schools and those conduct ed by religious orders being reviewed. IKE SORBONNE Although the attendance at the Sor bonne in Paris, has greatly diminish ed since the American army went home, the faculty has decided to make the institution more modern as well as larger in size, and is seeking to obtain extensive property now used by an institution fcfr the Jeaf and dumb near Rpchereu. 1 It is understood that, if the scheme succeeds, the university will increase the number of its exchange professor ships and also will install a number of new chairs, including those of Ameri can history, American literature and new branches of political and military sciences. astral /The speaker declared that educa tion, not limited to a particular field of endeavor, but the education which comes from observation of men and keen interest in the events of the day, is the crying need of every in dividual citizen at the present time. "This is especially true of the cit izens of a republic, every one of whom shares the sovereignty of the state, and is responsible for its good order and progress. Every Cutholic citjzen is bound to secure a large and reliable knowledge of all the questions and problems that call for legislation. Many of them concern very closely the freedom and the welfare of the Catholic religion, for example, the na ture of civil authority, that is, of the state and of the American state in particular, the nature and origin and end of human society, the character and purpose of the family, the nature and uses of education in a ^republic, its relation to the moral and religious ttfe of the people. Church and Society. "On all such subjects the Catholic cilfzen has a wise and reliable guide in the teachings and the history of the Church. The great encyclical let ters of Leo XIII furnish abundant di rection on all the great questions of civil or social importance, civil au thority, the family, marriage, divorce, education, and other questions of great interest to Catholics. "The Holy Name Society stands'in the Church for the honor and glory of Jesus Christ, and for the great saving truths of the gospel which draw their force from His name and His authori ty. They represent the genuine Chris tian spirit which long ago transformed the pagan world of Greece and Rome, asserted the equality of all men be fore God. and proclaimed the equal rights of all to life and liberty. No citizens, I believe, should be more de voted to the public welfare, or should concern themselves more with the laws of the state or the republic. For that reason, they are committed to an active interest in education and a profound conviction of its utility. I meah not only the school education, but also that other and broader train ing of the mind which comes from contact with the daily life about us, with the conditions and needs of our people, with rights and duties in every order of life, with the general welfare, with the good order of human life, so that there shall be always a maxi mum of social justice and a minimum of social wrong. Only the highest type of citizenship is worthy of the Divine Master. The more we become like unto Him in all the Christian vir tues, the better citizens shall we be of this great country, and the nearer shall we bring it to the spirit of His Holy Gospel and to the ideal of the Christian state, with laws formed on Justice an«l»Charity, aM administered in the same spirit." ROME'S COLISEUM LEWS] TO MOTION PIGTUKE P* *Ist%5„ «°C«g" the law. All are called equally to the making of the lawVor to its reform or improvement. No tyrant imposes it from without." Urges Eduction. The Coliseum, the most important existing monument of imperial Rome, pnd revered in popular tradition as the scene of the deaths of countless martyrs, has been leased for five years to a theatrical company and is likely to be tdrned into a motion picture •heater. The announcement has aroused a storm of protest from the Roman pop ulace, who- regard the structure as a sacred edifice, precious with the blood of Christian victims. It was only last year that, the practice of celebrating the Stations of the Cross within its precincts was revived, a practice that, had been instituted by Benedict XIV at the instance of St. Leonard of Port Maurice, and which had been contin ued for m^re than one hundred years until 1870, when at the fall of the temporal power, the stations were or dered removed by ComiueadaAote Roil" Bi S1PER1DR DEAD Sister itfary Brendan, of the Sisters of the Holy Cross, superior of Mount Carmel hospital, Columbus, Ohio, for he past twenty years, died at Salt Lake City last Monday at the Holy Cross hospital. RES' HOME The nurses' home of St. Joseph's hospital at Brainerd, Minn., was de stroyed by fire last Sunday^ entailii a loss of approximately $5,000. nearly as' can be determined, the fliH|:« started from an overheated furnace. Some of the nurses succeeded in sav ing some of their personal effective The hospital is in care of Sisters (If St, Benedict, .£ l^** 'v^ Number 17 i 1.