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The Catholic bulletin. [volume] (St. Paul, Minn.) 1911-1995, April 23, 1921, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90060976/1921-04-23/ed-1/seq-1/

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Volume 11
4
LETTER OF POPE BENEDICT XV,
HOLY FATHER GRANTS SPECIAL
FAVORS FOR TERTIARY CEN
TENARY—MAKES FRANCISCAN
CELEBRATION OCCASION FOR
URGING IMITATION OF POVER
ELLO'S VIRTUES—MASTERFUL
PICTURE OF EVILS OF WORLD
AND THEIR REMEDY.
The full text of the Encyclical let
ter Issued by the Holy Father for the
seventh centenary anniversary of the
Institution of the Third Order of St.
Fraacis Id
as
follows:
The Letter.
Venerable Brothers, Greeting and
Apostolic Benediction:
Truly opportune We deem the ap
groaching celebration of the seventh
Centenary of the institution of the
Third Order of Penitence and to rec
ommend it with all the strength of
Our authority. We are induced not
only by the certainty that it will re
sult in a great advantage for the
Christian people, but also by the grate
ful remembrance of something that
personally concerns Us. In fact, when
in 1882, amidst the affectionate ap
plause of the good, the birth of the
great Saint of Assisi was solemnized,
We wished to enter his family, and
In the famous Basilica of Santa Maria
In Ara Coeli, We put on the habit of
a Franciscan Tertiary. Now, that, by
Divine disposition, We were raised
to this Chair of Peter, with all Our
heart, even by reason of Our devotion
toward St. Francis, We take advan
tage of the occasion offered to Us. in
order to exhort all the devoted chil
dren of the Church to enroll in this
Order, or, if already enrolled, to re
main faithful to this institution of
the Poor Man of Assisi, which is won
derfully suited to the wants of wr
present times.
Character tff Satnt Franchr.
It is, however, necessary first of
all, trhat everyone have an exact idea
of the character of St. Francis be
cause that personage of Assisi, of
flBi ety modernist invention! prWenfed
today as not very obedient to this
Apostolic See, and as an exemplar of
vague and shadowy mysticism, can
not really be called either Francis of
Assisi or Saint.
"Now, the great and imperishable
merits of St. Francis towards Chris
tianity—for which he was justly call
ed a support given by God to the
Church in one of the most troubled
periods—found their crowning in the
Third Order, which, better than any
Other of his enterprises, brings to
light the magnitude and the intensity
of his ardor in propagating every
where the glory of Jesus Christ. In
fact, considering the evils which then
afflicted the Church, he was moved
by an immense desire to renovate all
according to Christian principle and
to this end he founded a double Or
der, one of brothers and another of
sisters who, professing solemn vows,
were to follow the humility of the
Cross but being unable to receive all
those who from everywhere flocked to
put themselves under his discipline,
he supplied a means to reach perfec
tion even to those living in the world,
and instituted a true Order, that of
Tertiaries, not hound by religious
Trows as the preceding ones, but equal
ly inspired by simplicity of customs
and spirit of penitence.
Friend of the People.
He was thus the first who conceived
and happily effected, with the divine
help, what no other founder of Regu
lars had till then devised, namely, to
render common to all the tenor of re
ligious life on this point We will re
call the beautiful words of Thomas
Of Celano: "Artificer truly excellent,
Wider whose religious formation, with
a praise worth exalting, the Church
Jf Christ renovates herself in both
sexes, and a threefold crowd of peo
ple who want to be saved, triumph."
From the testimony of so authorita
tive a man, contemporary of the Saint,
it is easy to understand how deeply
St. Francis with this institution stir
red the multitudes and what salutary
renovation it worked among them.
Therefore, as it is impossible to doubt
that St. Francis was the true founder
of the Third Order, as he had .been
the founder of the First and the Sec
ond, so, without any doubt, he was its
most wise legislator. In this matter
toe was greatly assisted, as.it is
kbown, by Cardinal Ugolino, the same
who afterwards, under the name of
Gregory IX, illuminated this Apos
tolic See, and who, after the death of
the Patriarch of Assisi, whose inti-
mate friend he remained while he
lived, erected on his tomb such
beautiful and magnificent temple.
And nobody forgets that the Rule of
the Tertiaries has been solemnly
sanctioned and approved by Out Pred
ecessor Nicholas IV.
But we need not enlarge on this
matter, because our chief purpose is
to demonstrate the character and the
inner spirit of the Third Order from
which, as in St. Francis" time, in this
period so antagonistic to virtue and
Faith, the Church expects great bene
fits for the Christian people. That ex
cellent judge of present times, Leo
XIII, to render the discipline, of Ter
tiaries more accessible to ev^ry rank
)f persons, very wisely, by.the Con­
stitution Misericors Dei Filius of the
year 1883, tempered their rule, "ac
cording to the present conditions of
society," changing some matters of
lesser importance, that did not seem
suitable to our customs: "with this,
however," he adds, "it must not be
thought that anything essential has
been taken from the Order, as we
want its nature to be kept entire and
unchanged."
Nature of
Third
Order.
Thus every alteration was only ex
trinsic, and did not touch at all the
substance of the same, which contin
ues to be such as the holy founder
wanted it to be. And we are of opin
ion that the Spirit of the Third Order,
entirely pervaded with evangelical
wisdom, will greatly contribute to the
amelioration of public and private cus
toms, provided it flourishes anew as
when St. Francis by word and exam
ple preached everywhere the Kingdom
of God. In fact, first of all, he wants
brotherly love to shine particularly in
his Tertiaries as a producer of har
mony and peace. Well understanding
that this is the chief commandment of
Our Lord and as the summary of the
whole Christian life, he directed all
his care to imbuing with it his follow
ers and he thus succeeded in render
ing the Third Order most useful to hu
man society because the seraphic ar
dor of charity which inflamed' St.
Francis could not remain shut in his
heart, and necessarily burst to com
municate itself to as many as it could.
Therefore, having begun by reform
ing the private and domestic life of
his brethren, directing them to the ac
quisition of virtue, as if it were their
sole aim, he thought that he ought not
to stop here, but use this individual
reform as an instrument to bring with
in society a breath of Christian life,
thus gaining every one to Christ. And
the thought which inspired Francis to
make of his Tertiaries so many her
alds and apostles of peace in the vio
lent strifes and civil troubles of his
times, was also our thought, when al
most the whole world blazed in the
horrible war, and is now,
rwhen
0
immense fire is not yet extinguished,
but still smokes, and here and there
bursts forth in flames. And added to
this is the internal trouble which ex
cites the nations—owing to the long
forgetfulness and the contempt of
Christian principles—and causes the
various social classes to fight for the
possession of earthly goods and such
a fierceness as to make one dread a
universal catastrophe.
What Is Expected.
Therefore, in this immense field, in
which, as the representative of the
King of Peace, We have lavished our
most tender cares, We expect, from all
the children of peace of Christ the
assistance of their activity, but spe
cially from Tertiaries, who will ad
mirably help in this reconciliation of
spirits, if, besides growing in numbers,
they will intensify t*heir enterprising
zeal. It is to be hoped, therefore, that
there be no town, no village, no bor
ough, without a good number of breth
ren, who. however, must not be inert,
and contented with the bare name of
Tertiaries, but active and zealous for
their salvation and that, of their neigh
bor. And why could not the various
Catholic associations of young men,
women, and workingmen, flourishing
almost everywhere, enroll themselves
in,the Third Order of Penitence, to go
on working for the glory of God and
the advantage of the Church, with
that spirit of charity and peace which
animated St. Francis? Because the
peace so anxiously invoked by peoples,
is not the peace laboriously elaborated
by politic craft, but the one which
Christ brought to us, when he said:
"Peace I leave with you My peace I
give unto you not as the world giv
eth do I give unto you."
And the agreement between the
States and the different classes, that
may be evolved, by men, Cannot last
nor have the strength of a true peace,
if it is not founded on the tranquility
of spirits, that in its turn can only
exist when the passions fomenting all
kinds of discord are kept in leash.
"From whence are wars and conten
tions among you?-' asks the Apostle St.
James, "Are they not hence, from
your concupiscences, which war in
your members?" Well, then, to order
man'interiorly, so that he may be not
the slave but the master of his pas
sions, and in turn be obedient and sub
ject to the divine will, in. which order
universal peace is founded, this is the
effect, of the virtue of Christ, showing
itself admirably efficacious in the fam
ily of Franciscan Tertiaries.
The Two Spirits.
Since, then, this Order proposes, as
We have said, to guide its members to
Christian perfection, although they b^
involved in the solicitudes of the
world—because no state of life is in
compatible with holiness—if they are
many who live according to this rule
it follows that they will incite all the
others among whom they live, not only
to fulfil entirely their duty, but also
to aspire to a perfection greater than
the one prescribed by the ordinary
law. Therefore, that praise bestowed
by Our Lord on his disciples most de
voted to him. when He said: "They
are not of the world, as I also am not
of the world," can justly be applied
to 'those sons of St. Francis, Who
(Continual on page 3.)
SEVEN MOM
CARDINAL DOUGHERTY PRE
SENT
S HONORS TO PHILADEL­
PHIA PRIESTS.
Six Philadelphia priests and anoth
er now stationed at Bethlehem, Pa.,
last Sunday were elevated to the rank
of Monsignor by Cardinal Dougherty
To each of the new Monsignors was
presented personally by Cardinal
Dougherty at the Cardinal's residence,
the Papal Bull, which bore the seal
of the Vatican and signature of the
Pope, notifying him of his new honors.
The new Monsignori are:
The Rev. James Nash, rector,of the
Church of the Epiphany the Rev.
Michael J. Donovan, rector of St.
Agatha's Church the Rev. Fenton J.
Fitzpatrick, rector of St. Malachy's
Church the Rev. James A. Mullin, rec
tor of Our Lady of Lourdes Church
the Rev. Michael J. Rafferty, rector of
St. Stephen's Church the Rev. M. A.
Koptkiewicz, rector of the Church of
St. John Cantius the Rev. William
McGarvey, rector of the Church of
the Holy Infancy. Father McGarvey
was formerly an Episcopalian minis
ter.
OF
BISHOP SCHWERTNER TO BE CON
SECRATED ON JUNE 8.
The Right Rev. Mgr. August J.
Schwertner of Toledo, and formerly of
Canton, Ohip, who was recently ap
pointed Bifhop of the Diocese of Wich
ita, Kan., has honored his fellow Cath
olics of Canton by choosing St. Pe
ter's Church in which to celebrate his
first solemn Pontifical Mass on Sun
day, June 12. It was in St. Peter's
that Mgr. Schwertner said his first
Mass as a priest 25 years ago.
Mgr. Schwertner will be conse
crated as Bishop on Wednesday, June
thi^ being the twenty-fifth anni
versary of his ordination into the
priesthood. He will be installed in
his ^ioc'i^ with special services at
Wichita oVjune 28.
HE IRISH CONVENTION
CHICAGO
IS
HOST TO 5,000 DELE­
GATES FROM EVERY
PfiMt
OF UNITED STATES.
More than 50,000 men, women and
children marched in the mammoth
parade with which Chicago welcomed
,000 delegates to the national con
vention of the American Association
for the Recognition of the Irish Repub
lic that convened last Monday for a
business session of two days. The
veterans of the world war, thousands
of whom are members of the associa
tion, occupied the place of honor in
the long line of march. Under the
direction of Mrs. McWhorter there
was a large representation of Celtic
Cross workers, while floats depicted
present conditions in Ireland.
The business session of the conven
tion convened Monday morning in the
Medinah Temple and occupied the at
tention of the delegates till adjourn
ment on Tuesday evening. Among
those who addressed the convention
were Miss MaeSwiney, Hon. Frank P.
Walsh, Donal O'Callaghan, Lord May
or of Cork, and Harry Boland of the
rish mission.
Minnesota was represented by 250
delegates, including a number of
priests.
ARCHBISHOP^ FUNERAL
IMPRESSIVE BURIAL Of? IRISH
PRELATE IN DUBLIN.
Impressive services marked the
burial of Archbishop Walsh of Dublin.
Cardinal Logue, head of the hierarchy
the Protestant archbishop, and "num
erous other dignitaries of both Catho
lic and Protestant churches attended.
Gen. MacReady represented the gov
ernment, and flags at Dublin castle
and other buildings flew at half mast.
Eamon de Valera was represented by
J. J. O'Kellv, the only Republican
member of parliament not liable to
arrest. Mrs. De Valera occupied the
lord mayor's carriage.
I MINIS FLAG
NEW FORM OF SERVICE FLAG
SUGGESTED FOR PARISH
CHURCHES. ....
As a fltfafttlus to vocations, arid as
a recognition of the sacrifices made
by youHg men and young women who
have entered the priesthood and broth
orhoods and sisterhoods of the Church
it is suggested by the magazine, "Our
Missions," that religious service flags
indicating the number each parish has
given be displayed in the church and
schools. The idea is the outgrowth
of the practice during the war of
hanging out service flags for those who
enlisted in the army or the navy
"Our Missions" is published by the
Society of the DKlne Word of Tectmy,
111.
i# v-y* #&
I
ST. PAUL, MINN., APRIL 23, 1921
PEOPLE CLING TO IDEA OF MON
ARCHY—TRADITIONS BOUND UP
WITH HISTORY^^ OATHOLICI
tY.
The Hungarian people tend natural
ly towards a monarchy, fs the opinion
of a distinguished cleric who is on a
short mission in London.
"I was born in Hungary, of an an
cient Hungarian noble family, and I
speak Hungarian as my mother
tongue. But, unfortunately, I am one
of those whom the peace treaty has
robbed of their nationality, and at
the present time I. .am what is called
a Rumanian."
Speaking of contemporary events in
Hungary, and particularly about the
so-called coup to restore the mon
archy, this priest said:
"Most of the people and most of
the newspapers who are talking so
much about the frustrated attempt of
ex-Emperor Karl, have hardly the re
motest idea of what they are saying.
"The Allied powers may have deter
mined never to permit the return of
the Hapsburgs but they cannot drive
out from the hearts of the Hungarian
people the age-long affection they have
for the monarchy. The monarchy is
too much bound up with all that is
stirring and emotional in the nation
al history for the people ever to for
get it. The historic Crown of St. Ste
phen, with which the King of Hun
gary is crowned, is a symbol of the
past religious greatness of Hungary
that makes a direct appeal to the
heart, of every one who has the least
glimmerings of patriotism.
"Also, the monarch was known as
the Most Apostolic King, which lent
to his sovereignty almost ^sacramen
tal character."
THE JM COW
RT
REV. FATHER FROWIN
YFEARS ABBOT IN SAME
MONASTERY.
On April 5, 1881, Pope Leo XIII
raised the Benedictine Monastery at
Conception, Mo., to the rank of an
Abbey and appointed Father Frowin
Conrad, O. S. B., its first Abbot. It
was a happy coincidence that this
year on April 5 in the Benedictine Or
der the Feast of St. Benedict was
celebrated, and hence with all the
solemnity due to such a feast, Con
ception Abbey observed the fortieth
anniversary of the Abbot's appoint
ment. The Venerable Father Abbot
celebrated Pontifical High Mass and
Father Stephen, O. S. B., Rector of
the College, delivered the panegyric,
dwelling on the influence of Western
Monasticism on civilization.. On Sep
tember 1°, 1923, it will be fifty years
since Abbot Frowin came to: Concep
tion.
10 RAISE 12,000,000
FOR BOSTON COLLEGE
(By N, C. W. C. News Service.)
Support for the campaign to raise
a fund of $2,000,000 for Boston Col
lege, has been given by Mayor Peters,
who said in a letter to Rev. William
Devlin, S. J., president of the institu
tion, that "to train hundreds of young
men in the various fields of learning,
coupled with, a strong vibrant moral
course, is a work meriting the respect
of our state and city."
The campaign for the fund, which
will be expended in erecting four new
buildings at University Heights, will
begin May 3 and continue ifntil May
12.
SCHOOLS
REPORT OF CLEVELAND SCHOOLS
SHOWS DISCOURAGING RE
SULTS—CAN EASILY BE MATCH­
ED IN OTHER CITIES.
In a report read and discussed by
the Child Welfare Department of the
Cleveland federation of WTomen's
Club, R. G. Jones, Superintendent of
Schools of that city, says immorality
is the greatest menace of the public
schools today that we are fast drift
ing toward free love in this country
that the mothers of the nation are not
doing their duty, and that dancing in
Cleveland schools will be barred en
tirely unless it is conducted as
«sf.: OT UW
,. •. v- T^
JT^ n w*^" v ?3
»•«*.
.v.
40
a
wholesome pleasure and entertain
ment for school pupils.
"Indifference on the part of par
ents toward the activities of their
children is one of the greatest prob
lems in immorality," Mr. Jones's re*
port continued. "It is up to the worn
en and mothers to set higher stand
ards of morality and home life. Un
less there is a greater feeling for
morality, I fear the community and
nation will drift toward free love.'
The situation in Cleveland's high
schools, Superintendent Jones assert
ed, was particularly aggravatefd by
extreme dressing of many girls, by
night riding in automobiles and by
immodest dancing at school parlies.
FiUS MISSIONARY DEAD
PADRE AGOSTINO DA MONTEFEL
TRO ONCE FAMOUS ORATOR
WAS GREAT FRIENJD Of OR­
PHANS AND POOR.
Father Agostino da Montefeltro, the
famous Frahclscan'missioijary of Italy,
died at Pisa, April 12, at the age of
eighty-two years.
Many years ago he was the most
noted preacher in Italy. His sermons
were translated into English and pro
duced profound impression.
Padre Agostino, famous pulpit ora
tor and more famous still as friend
and helper of the poor, was buried in
the orphanage church at Marina di
Pisa, where he will rest near the band
of little children in whose service he
spent the last decades of his life. He
was surrounded in his last moments
by the orphans for whom he had built
a large home.
Before becoming a Franciscan
Friar, Padre Agostino was Dr. Luigi
Vicini. When he entered the Francis
can Order, after abandoning a career
as physician, he was urged to devote
himself to the big social problems of
the time. Freeing himself from the
conventionalism and artificialities
that then were common to sacred ora
tory, Padre Agostino thrilled vast con
gregations in Pisa, Milan, Bologna, and
Rome itself. Pope Benedict XV. then
in Bologna, was one of Padre Agosti
no's admirers, and, it is related, often
went' unobserved into the church of
San Carlo jto hear the brilliant Fran
ciscan preach.
An accident, JIMT as it was* strange,
brought to a premature end Padre
Agostino's career as one of the most
eloquent orators in Europe. By mis
take a cup of hot water into which
snuff had been infused instead of cof
fee, was given to him one day after
he had finished a sermon. His rich
and powerful voice was ruined. He
then turned his whole energies to-the
relief of the poor.
NATHAN, EX-WAYOR OF ROME
IS DEAD
Ernesto Nathan, former Mayor of
Rome, who was one of the most bitter
enemies of the Catholic Church, died
in Rome on April 9 of heart trouble.
He contracted the disease while fight
ing in the mountainous country as a
volunteer in the war, which under
mined his constitution. Signor Nathan
was'JjSfliis seventy-sixth year.
UNLIKEFCV THAT RELATIONS
WITH HOLY SEE WILL BE RE
SUMED BEFORE AUTUMN.
The resumption of diplomat!# rela
tions between France, and the Holy
See has ueen held up, as had been ex
pected, by the action of the Senate,
which has decided to postpone con
sideration of the bill until the budget
has been disposed of. This probably
means a delay until the Autumn.
The French Premier appeared be
fore the Foreign Affairs Commission
of the Senate to urge the early con
sideration of the Vatican bill, and
pointed out that France is greatly
hampered, in comparison with other
nations, by not having her official Am
bassador at the Vatican. "The mis
fortune is," Premier Briand said,
"that such a question, which ought to
be dealt, with apart from all contro
versy, should not be settled at once.
It ought not to be allowed to fall into
the domain of party politics. A rapid
solution is, then, highly desirable."
M. Marrand, the Minister of the
Interior, and a large number of Sena
tors are opposed to the measure, and
may succeed in preventing its adop
tion, although the Government is
pledged to resume relations with the
Holy See '4"
NAPOLEON'S CENTENARY
Religious ceremonies in Notre Dame
Cathedral, Paris, at which Cardinal
Dubois has promised to be present,
will be part of the French nation's
commemoration of the one hundredth
anniversary of Napoleon's death at
St. Helena, May 5, 1821. An appre
ciation of the great Emperor will be
pronounced in the Cathedral by Abbe
Hennoque, a chaplain, who was eleven
times cited during the war for acts of
gallantry. The ceremonies in the Ca
thedral will precede by a day the civil
and military observance of the anni
versary on May 5.
PROFANITY BANNED ON FIELD
Players in the American Associa
tion are forbidden, in rules Just pro
mulgated by President Hickey, to use
profanity or other bad language on
the baseball field. This prohibition be
comes effective with the opening of
the season and will continue in force.
*•&*
,.»
Assertirig that the day of the nom
inal Catholic had passed and that
men, to he citizens of the highest
type, must be true to their obligations
as Christians, Admiral William S.
Benson, head of the United States
Shipping 1'oard, .and one of the fore
most Catholic laymen in the country,
spoke to 2,000 members of the Grand
Rapids, Mich., Diocesan Union of the
Holy Name Society at their fourth
quarterly meeting in the Coliseum
Sunday afternoon, April 10.
"One of the great stumbling blocks
to the Church in America," declared
the Admiral, "is the failure of Cath
olic. men to live up to their duties as
Catholics. No longer can non-Catho
lics question the loyalty of our
Church to the state. There is prac
tically no phase of national life in
which we have not demonstrated our
perfect Americanism. But to pre
serve this spirit of loyalty to coun
try, men must be 'loyal to God, who
first and alone made possible a Chris
tian citizenship," he said.
Oratory Sharp.
Admiral Benson talked in the sharp,
laconic fashion of a commanding of
ficer dispatching his orders from the
bridge of a battleship. What his ora
tory lacked in volume it made up in
the directness of delivery.
"Catholic citizens ought particular
ly to interest themselves in the mat
ter of civil legislation, since the Cath
olic Church has always respected and
supported civil authority and urges
her children to the' observance of all
just laws," he said. "This is partic
ularly important at a time when Chris
tian principles and life have grown
weak outside of the Catholic Church
and our citizens are easily misled hy
un-Christian and even pagan princi
ples and ideals of life and government,
of the state and family, which are
soon reflected in legislation that is
anti-Christian, anti-social, and becomes
an instrument of oppression and tyr
anny. 1
'Be Christians', Says Admiral Benson
FAMOUS CHIEF OF AMERICAN
NAVY ADDRESSES TWO THOU
SAND HOLY NAME MEN IN
GRAND RAPIDS—LOYALTY TO
RELIGIOUS OBLIGATIONS RE
QUIRED OF HIGH TYPE OF CITI*
ZENSHW^
Speaks Of Law.
'"Law is the source of all civiliza
tion and of its benefits, since It se
cures peace and good order, without
which solid progress, material or so
cial, is impossible. It secures to each
man his rights, that is, the freedom
to develop his opportunities and ad
vantages, to provide for his family
and its future, to contribute to the
common welfare.
"Human law is the image, in the
social order, of the law which God
has given to the universe, and which
secures its regularity, the beneficent
succession of seasons and harvests,
the products of the sea and the mines,
all the services of nature to man. In
a republic every citizen is called on
to observe and respect, and support
PAROCHIAL SCHOOL HEADS
DIOCESAN SCHOOL DIRECTORS
MEET IN WASHINGTON—DIS
CUSS PROBLEMS OF CATHOLIC
EDUCATION.
(By N. C. W. C. News Service.).
Legislative and educational pro
blems that affect the Catholic school
system of the United States were
thoroughly discussed at the Catholic
University when superintendents of
Catholic education or their represen
tatives from more'than a score of dio
ceses met in Washington under the
auspices of the Superintendents' De
partment of the Catholic Educational
Association last week.
Notable among the matters which
were thoroughly examined was that of
securing teachers' certificates and de
grees in different states of the union.
Federal, state and local legislative
problems were gone over at a confer
ence presided over by the Rev. Michael
J. Larkin of New York. The phases
of the Catholic high school systems in
different dioceses were also discussed,
the work of central high schools, paro
chial high schools and those conduct
ed by religious orders being reviewed.
IKE SORBONNE
Although the attendance at the Sor
bonne in Paris, has greatly diminish
ed since the American army went
home, the faculty has decided to make
the institution more modern as well
as larger in size, and is seeking to
obtain extensive property now used by
an institution fcfr the Jeaf and dumb
near Rpchereu.
1
It is understood that, if the scheme
succeeds, the university will increase
the number of its exchange professor
ships and also will install a number of
new chairs, including those of Ameri
can history, American literature and
new branches of political and military
sciences.
astral
/The speaker declared that educa
tion, not limited to a particular field
of endeavor, but the education which
comes from observation of men and
keen interest in the events of the
day, is the crying need of every in
dividual citizen at the present time.
"This is especially true of the cit
izens of a republic, every one of whom
shares the sovereignty of the state,
and is responsible for its good order
and progress. Every Cutholic citjzen
is bound to secure a large and reliable
knowledge of all the questions and
problems that call for legislation.
Many of them concern very closely
the freedom and the welfare of the
Catholic religion, for example, the na
ture of civil authority, that is, of the
state and of the American state in
particular, the nature and origin and
end of human society, the character
and purpose of the family, the nature
and uses of education in a ^republic, its
relation to the moral and religious ttfe
of the people.
Church and Society.
"On all such subjects the Catholic
cilfzen has a wise and reliable guide
in the teachings and the history of
the Church. The great encyclical let
ters of Leo XIII furnish abundant di
rection on all the great questions of
civil or social importance, civil au
thority, the family, marriage, divorce,
education, and other questions of great
interest to Catholics.
"The Holy Name Society stands'in
the Church for the honor and glory of
Jesus Christ, and for the great saving
truths of the gospel which draw their
force from His name and His authori
ty. They represent the genuine Chris
tian spirit which long ago transformed
the pagan world of Greece and Rome,
asserted the equality of all men be
fore God. and proclaimed the equal
rights of all to life and liberty. No
citizens, I believe, should be more de
voted to the public welfare, or should
concern themselves more with the
laws of the state or the republic. For
that reason, they are committed to
an active interest in education and
a profound conviction of its utility.
I meah not only the school education,
but also that other and broader train
ing of the mind which comes from
contact with the daily life about us,
with the conditions and needs of our
people, with rights and duties in every
order of life, with the general welfare,
with the good order of human life,
so that there shall be always a maxi
mum of social justice and a minimum
of social wrong. Only the highest
type of citizenship is worthy of the
Divine Master. The more we become
like unto Him in all the Christian vir
tues, the better citizens shall we be of
this great country, and the nearer
shall we bring it to the spirit of His
Holy Gospel and to the ideal of the
Christian state, with laws formed on
Justice an«l»Charity, aM administered
in the same spirit."
ROME'S COLISEUM LEWS]
TO MOTION PIGTUKE
P*
*Ist%5„
«°C«g"
the law. All are called equally to the
making of the lawVor to its reform
or improvement. No tyrant imposes
it from without."
Urges Eduction.
The Coliseum, the most important
existing monument of imperial Rome,
pnd revered in popular tradition as
the scene of the deaths of countless
martyrs, has been leased for five years
to a theatrical company and is likely
to be tdrned into a motion picture
•heater.
The announcement has aroused a
storm of protest from the Roman pop
ulace, who- regard the structure as a
sacred edifice, precious with the blood
of Christian victims. It was only last
year that, the practice of celebrating
the Stations of the Cross within its
precincts was revived, a practice that,
had been instituted by Benedict XIV
at the instance of St. Leonard of Port
Maurice, and which had been contin
ued for m^re than one hundred years
until 1870, when at the fall of the
temporal power, the stations were or
dered removed by ComiueadaAote
Roil"
Bi S1PER1DR DEAD
Sister itfary Brendan, of the Sisters
of the Holy Cross, superior of
Mount Carmel hospital, Columbus,
Ohio, for he past twenty years, died
at Salt Lake City last Monday at the
Holy Cross hospital.
RES' HOME
The nurses' home of St. Joseph's
hospital at Brainerd, Minn., was de
stroyed by fire last Sunday^ entailii
a loss of approximately $5,000.
nearly as' can be determined, the fliH|:«
started from an overheated furnace.
Some of the nurses succeeded in sav
ing some of their personal effective
The hospital is in care of Sisters (If
St, Benedict, .£
l^**
'v^
Number 17
i
1.

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