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The city of London really comprises two dioceses, that of Westminster takes in the area north of the Thames, while the diocese of Southwark em braces the part south of the Thames. Hence answering your query, statis tics show that there are ta) in the city of London sixty-five churches un der Westminster jurisdiction and for ty-nine under Southwark, or lir churches in all. (b) In all England, counting chapels and stations, there are 1.9.'»5 churches, (cl 450,000, (this number includes the two dioceses, with city anfi country districts), (d) 1, 890,000. Are statistics for the above avail able for the fourteenth, eighteenth and twentieth centuries? The above hold good practically for the twentieth century we have not at hand figures for the other dates. Was there ever an Irish pope? No. la thla departnifnt quentlona of Kniernl Intercut In reKMrtf to reltictoa will •ninrr«d each wwk In the order in which they nre receive*!. All eoiumunl eatlwna tuuit be niitnrti, though the aauie will not be publish**!. Atltlreaat "Question an Ansvrer," cnre The Catholic Bulletin. 315 Neivtbn Bids., St. Paul (a) How many Catholic Churches in London (b) in England? (c) What is the Catholic population in London (d) of England? Please give address of a Catholic Daily. The Daily American Tribune, pub lished in Dubuque, Iowa, is the only Catholic daily in English in this coun try. There are other Catholic dailies i published in this country in foreign languages. Are Stanley and Warren names of Saints? They are not found in the catalogue of Saints. Are the following names of Saints: Donald, Sarah, Marence. There is a Donald, a confessor of Scotland, whose feast falls on July! 1"). Sarah is a name derived from the character so named in the Old Testa-' ment. The Church recalls her mem ory on December 23. Marence is prob ably a corrupt form of Emerentiana, a martyr virgin, whose feast is cele brated on January L'3. Is Fidelis a Saint's Name? There are two holy persons bearing this name one was a Roman virgin and martyr feast, August 1. Is it a sin to read the Sunday com ics? The Sunday comics are not educa tional, nor artistic, nor elevating in any sense of the word. However, for a normal person, it fs not sinful to read them. Do the Saints always answer our prayers? This is the first time in many years that St. Anthony has not an swered my request. Our prayers are always answered we have God's promise for this. It WAR-TIME RECORD $200,030 CLUB FOR NEW ORLEANS CATHOLIC WOMEN TO BE OPENED. The Catholic Women's Club of New Orleans, which, it is claimed, has the most cosmopolitan air of any organi zation of its kind in the United States, and which was one of the few women's clubs to maintain a midday meal for fifteen cents through the entire war period, has completed plans for tak ing over a new $200,000 home this fall. A modern five-story building in the heart of the commercial district, with space available for two hundred rooms that will furnish homes for employed girls, has been secured. Preparations are now being rushed so that it may be occupied in the fall. The daily luncheon service—at the same war-time price—will be con tinued and improved. In addition, there will be introduced special fea tures of club life, now impossible be cause of lack of accommodations. Three thousand Catholic women of New Orleans are members of the club, which is now endeavoring to extend its membership to thirty thousand in order to carry out its new program. FIRST JfflffRICAH MISSION BOSNIAN! CHINA OPENED (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) The first hospital and dispensary to be operated by an American Catholic Missionary Doctor in China has been opened by the Chinese Mission Socie ty at Han Yang in the Province of Hupeh. Dr. Robert F. Francis, of New Orleans, La., who left the United States last December, is in charge of the new hospital. Notices have been placarded all through the city offering free treat ment and the first day brought seven ty-five patients. This number has rap idly increased, and at present Dr. Francis and his two Chinese assistants can scarcely cope with the numbers who attend daily. MST PRIEST IS Rev. Joseph Reis. pastor of Sacred Heart Church of Saginaw, Mich., is dead. He was the dean of the priests in the diocese of Grand Rapids and was the last priest in the diocese who belonged to the old diocese of Detroit. Hfe was born April 1,1846. in Wu'-tem hurg and ordained by Rt. Rev. Caspar II. Borges.i, Ui^hou.of Del. oil, Au«li.:t 1872. may happen that they are not an swered in the precise manner we de sire: God may see fit not to grant our particular request but our pray ers are ^always rewarded. Prom a natural point of view* if this is the first time in many years that St. Anth onys' intercession has not obtained the specified favor you requested, you ought to be fairly well satisfied. Is the Mass an unbloody sacrifice, or a bloody sacrifice? The Council of lialtimorle in its catechism, defines the Mass as "the unbloody sacrifice of the Body and Blood of Christ." In the Mass the Blood of our Lord—His real and true Blood—the same that He shed on Cal vary—is offered by the priest. It is real bloodt and it is a real sacrifice but it is offered in an unbloody man ner. The first Mass was celebrated by our Lord in the Upper Chamber the night before He died He changed bread and wine into his Body and Blood, and offered them to His heav enly Father. There was no visible, tangible shedding of blood on that oc casion. although it was His real and true Blood that He offered. What Christ did in the Upper Chamber, the priest does in the Mass. On Calvary, Christ actually shed His blood in a sensible manner. The Mass repeats Calvary it is the same sacrifice as that of the Cross the difference is one of manner—bloody on Calvai'y, un bloody in the Mass. In order to gain remission of the temporal punishment, which is better: Holy Communion with the prayer be fore a crucifix, or Low Mass? It is hard to institute proper com parisons in spiritual matters. There are many ways of gaining plenary in dulgences and sometimes plenary in dulgences are not gained in their full ness owing to the presence of venial sins. Why not unite the two ways you suggest? If you go to Mass, go to Communion also, and then in thanks giving recite the indulgenced prayer before the crucifix. Are these two ways of keeping Lent approved? Two ounces at breakfast, collation at noon, and full meal in the evening? and, collation at breakfast, and then nothing till the full meal in the evening? Yes. At a singer in the choir, am I al lowed to spray my throat with an oil before .going to Communion, if I sing at that Mass? Yes: one could spray the throat without breaking the fast required for the reception of Holy Communion. Provided the oil, or water, is not swal lowed, the fast is not broken, and you may go to Communion. SOCIAL QUESTION CATECHISM ISSUEDBYH/ELFABE COUNCIL The first presentation of the whole field of the labor problem, in catechet ical form, has just been issued by the Social Action Department of the Na tional Catholic Welfare Council, un der the title, "A Catechism of the So cial Question." The pamphlet is the joint work of Rev. Dr. John A- Ryan and Rev. R. A. McGowan. The Catechism is intended for use by social study groups, and as an ele mentary text for schools. The solu tions proposed in the Catechism fol low the recommendations made in the Bishops' Social Reconstruction Pro gram and in the Pastoral Letter of 1910. The discussion of the labor problem is developed in the course of questions and answers filling forty-sev en pages. An edition of 10,000 copies has been published. PILGRIM10 NEW CATHOLIC SHRIKE (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Dedication of the new Shrine of Our Lady of the Rosary in Summit, N. J., will take placfe in the presence of a large number of pilgrims on May 22. The pilgrimage will include Catholic men, women and children from all adjacent points in New Jersey and New York and will be the first to the Shrine, which has just been erected by the Dominican Sisters of Our Lady of the Rosary Monastery of Summit. Right Rev. Monsignor J. J. Shep pard, V. G., will dedicate the Shrine, and Very Rev. Father Reilly, O. P., will preach the sermon. The Papal blessing obtained especially for this occasion will be given to the pilgrims. DECEIVED 1W0 BELGIAN HEDALS (Bj N W. C. News Service.) Sister Flavia of Providence Hos pital, Washington, D. C., was one of the four Washington nurses to receive the Edith Cavell and Marie Depage medals, awarded by the Belgian Gov ernment. The medals were presented Mav 15 at the Central High School as part of the first observance of National Hospital Day. Brig. Gen. Charles E. Sawyer, physi cian to President Harding, delivered an address in which he praised the record of the trained nurse and em phasized her value in modern society. He also outlined the proposed Depart ment of Public Welfare. More than •'no nuir.er. fmm the various Hospitals in the city wore .present. BISHOP FOGARTY'S APPEAL FOR RESTRAINT CHRISTIAN PA*„ TlfNCE NEEDED IN IRELAND. SO deeply had the attempt to burn the house of Bishop Fogarty been re sented that the indignant people re sorted to reprisals in Ennis. In a let ter to the press' he appealed for self restraint. He wrote: 'Let us combine in a spirit of Chris tian charity to stop the outbreak of reprisals and counter-reprisals now af flicting our town'(Ennis). I have been a sufferer myself, so have others been, and far more severely than I have. I can and do sympathize with them. The circumstances are exasperating, but I hope the community and every member of it will rise superior to ex asperation. No one should be moved to retaliation for the attempt, to burn my house. Any such criminal madness wotild pain me more deeply than the destruction of church property itself, however horrible. ... In the name of God let matters rest where they are on all sides. Jt is thu Christian, manly and rational tiling tp do. and with heaven's pleasure may help to bring us the blessing of peace." WINONA TEACHER CHOSEN (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Miss Ann L. Boucher, from the faculty of St. Teresa's College, Wi nona, Minn., has joined the staff of the Bureau of Education, National Catholic Welfare Council, as an ex pert in elementary education and teacher training for elementary school work. She is a graduate of one of the state normal schools of Minnesota and of the University of Chicago. She has had eight years' experience as an elementary public school teacher. For the last two years she has been con4 nected with St. Teresa's College NOT FOR HIS SON FATHER SEEKS TO PREVENT PRAYER FOR HIS HERO SON— NOW FACES DILEMMA. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) The Cure of MarseiJles-les-Aubigny, in France, recently had a tablet put up in his church in memory of the boys of the parish who died for France. The tablet bore the names of the boys, followed by the words, "Pray for them." The father of#ne of the boys, M. Groseiller, objected to these words be cause, he sakl, his son "did not prac tice his religion," and demande 1 that his son's name be removed from the plate as it offended his freedom of conscience to think that people were asked to pray for his son. M. Gros eiller brought the matter to court, but the judge decided that Groseiller had no cause for complaint since he knew, when he contributed to the fund raised to buy the tablet, that it was to be put up in the church. Groseiller then carried the matter to a higher court. This time the judge decided that Marcel Groseiller's name should disappear from the plate but that, since M. Groseiller knew when he subscribed for the tablet that it was to be put up in the church, he might, if he so desired, have a new tablet made, at his own expense paid, in ad vance, without the name of his son, but with all the other names, sym bols, words or emblems which had been engraved on the first tablet. So now Groseiller is forced to let matters remain as they are on else pay from 1,500 to 2,000 francs to pre vent people from praying for the soul df Mis son! STUDY FOR PRIESTHOOD Dr. B. L. Kirby, formerly a well known Mason of Springfield, III., who was converted to the Catholic faith some years ago, has entered St. Via tor's College, Bourbonnais, 111., to study for the priesthood. Dr. Kirby's wife died several months ago. For the last several years, Dr. Kirby has been a practicing dentist in Springfield. After his conversion he became an active social worker and established one of the first boys' clubs organized in the United St'ates. This was the Ozanam Club, which is cred ited with having been a very whole some Catholic influence among the youth of Springfield. Dr. Kirby had attained hTgti de grees in Masonry before becoming a Catholic. A PHILADELPHIA THE DEAF CHILDREN'S INSTITUTE "WCM0RIAL TO ARCHBISHOP RYAN. (fey N. C. W* C. News Service. His Eminence Cardinal Dougherty has decided to renovate and thorough ly equip the Kelly mansion, which hfe recently purchased, as a new home for the Archbishop Ryan Memorial Insti tute for Deaf Children. There are at present fifty boys and girls in this Institute, which occupies quarters on Vine Street, Philadelphia. Work on the renovation Of the building will begin at once ft fis an nounced from the Chancery office. Accommodations for more than fifty children will be provided in the new home. The present fioffie of Ihe Institute will be demolished to make way for improvements on the Parkway, and it was necessary to find new quarters. The ln:,iilii(e has leased itn building |iqui the city t'or e'ghi years, $i ilft' lfitV rr'-ii 'rMAiifitA nCrt&ktitk*. ,4i .rk 4'" ... w» -. «v '. THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, MAY K. OF C.1 ILLINOIS ILLINOIS KNIGHTS REPORT GROWTH Or 13,000 W YEAR. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) A total membership of 74,054, an in crease of 13,000 over last year and of 30,000 ov4r two years ago, was re ported by State -Deputy and Supreme Director Edward Houlihan, of the Illinois Knights of Columbus at the meeting of the state council in Joliet Tuesday and Wednesday of last week. Illinois now stands first of all states in insurance membership. Its insur ance total is 34,336 which is more than 7,000 greater than its nearest com petitor, Massachusetts, and more than 14,000 more than New York, although the total membership of the Empire state is 103,479. Of 'the Illinois membership, Gook county has 45,214, showing a gain for the year of approximately 9,000 or nearly three-fourths of the entire gain -of'tite state. i MONUMENT TO CATHOLIC HEROES (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Several thousand persons attended the unveiling of the marble monument erected at Michigan City, Ind., as a •tribute to the young men of St. Mary's parish who gave their lives on the battlefield during the world war. President James A. Burns, C. S. C., of Notre Dame University, presided, and Rev. George Finnigan,. C. S. C., who was an overseas chaplain, deliv ered the principal address. CARDIML TJUEBEl CARDINAL'S STATUE TO ADORN QUEBEC'S PARLIAMENT HOUSE. The provincial government of Que bec decided to place a third statue on :fhe frontage of the parliament build Ihg, with that of Lafontaine and Bald- Win, which are now being completed. The monument of His Eminence Car dinal Taschereau, the first Canadian Cardinal, and the uncle of the present premier, was cliosen. The statue will be made by Mr. John Bailleul, a local sculptor, who will leave for France at the end of June "tp complete a study of the work. TO HAVE CATHOLIC WEEKLY Most Rev. Albert T. Daeger, Arch bishop of Santa Fe, New (Mexico, an nounces that the publication of an official Catholic weekly for that sec tion of the country will begin on July 1. The paper will be published in English and Spanish to serve the needs of the bilingual community of the Archdiocese. Theodore A. Thoma has been appointedjto edit the Eng lish sections. FAREWELL JBJRCHBfSHOP Archbishop Mannix of Australia, who left for home a few days ago, was on May 11 tendered a farewell luncheon at which he received a eulo gistic address frohi the bishops %nd priests of Ireland and also valuable gifts. THE "SEVEOIARRIAGES ILLEGAL MARRIAGES ANNULLED BY HIGH COURT OF AUSTRIA ATTACK ON SANCTITY OF FAM- ILY IS REPELLED. FOR THE PRESENT. (By Frederick Funder.) By a decision of the High Court of Justice of Austria, sustaining a pre vious ruling of an inferior tribunal, legal separation and remarriage is hereafter to be denied to Catholics who have been married according to the laws of the Church, and all so called "Sever" marriages which have been contracted heretofore arc de clared null and void. After the Socialists came into pow er in Austria for a short period dur ing the revolution, they sought to legalize divorces on the part of Cath olics in violation of the civil laws reg ulating marriages. In tlfe teeth of morals and statues the Socialist rul ers attempted to giant "dispensations" purporting to remove impediments created by Catholic marriage. .Through these "dispensations" thousands of "double marriages" were contracted. These were called "Sevei marriages," from the name of the Governor of Lower Austria, by whom they were first sought to be sanc tioned. Tiie security of the Catholic marriage was thus exposed to the gravest danger. About 4,000 petitions for "dispensa tions" from the Catholic marriage bond and for permission to re-marry have been presented to the Govern ment in the last few weeks. Whereas, in 1913, only 254 marriages had been performed by civil functionaries and not in the church in 1920, after the issuance of the first writs of "dispensa tion" by the Socialist officials, 1.8G5 such civil marriages were contracted. When, following the elections of Oc tober, 1920, the Catholics came into power, they immediately abolished the practice of granting "dispensations." Now comes the decision of the High Court of Justice to vindicate their ac tion. This court decides that, accord ing to the established law of the land, couples who have contracted a mar riage in conformity to the regulations of the Church ahe prohibited from marrying again during the lifetime of either party and the impediment in the Catholic marriage bond cannot legally be removed in their behalf. This decision ha^ made it clear once for all that these "Sever" marriages are null and veld. A dangerouR as fiault on the Catholic family har boon repelled, i w t, "H? V* 21, 1921 .(• v-i OXFORDS We are now showing a full line of the new and popular Brogues and Ballstraps The stylish oxford for men. The prices rJKfigi from 10 $7.00 to $ THE PM WAY Simultaneously with the Polish gov ernment's recent defeat of radical at tempts to Bolshevize industry, it took prompt and heroic measures to. curb profiteering and the juggling of ex change rates by the banks. An. appeal to the wholesale dealers in foods was first made for the reduc: tion of pric.es, but without effect.. A crusade wis begun and eighteen prominent wholesalers and retailers were arrested. At the same time, three of the leading bankers of War saw were jailed in being detected manipulating the exchange rates for the purpose of profiteering. SOCIALISTS FIRE UPON CATHOLIC! Fourteen persons were reported killed and many wounded in street fighting at Marelia, capital of the state of Michoacan during the night of May 13. The trouble is said to have started during a manifestation of Catholics against Socialists. The Socialists and their sympathizers, are reported to have opened .fire upon the Catholics. DIMD JUBILEE OF HP SISTERS Archbishop Moeller of Cincinnati, Apostolic Delegate Archbishop Don zano of Washington, D. C., Bishop Schrembs of Toledo, Bishop M. J. Gall agher of Detroit, and other dignitaries will attend the diamond jubilee of the founding of the order Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary to be held in Monroe, Mich., Tuesday, May 31. The exercises will be held in St. Mary's Church. There will be a ban quet at noon and a pageant at 3 o'clock in the afternoon for the clergy and guests. 3Pii9, and despair, and heartache cast you down for a while, but after wards—they help you to understand. WANTED—By competent person, a position as housekeeper or maid, in small family. Ibn years' experience. Add res.- linx 10, care The Catholic Bulletin, w «mw ji^. •wl* .00 We invite your inspection HOES 400 Robert St. (Rjran Hotel) ST. PAUL "CASEY'S" LONG ARM REACHES FROM BOSTON TO HID DEN ITALIAN HAMLET, The long arm of coincidence—the celebrated phrase invented by C. Had don Chambers, English playwright who died recently—has nothing on the long arm of Casey, the Knights of Co lumbus, in conjunction with Uncle Sam. Six months ago a young American fighting man of Italian parentage, died in a Boston hospital. He carried gov ernment insurance from the War Risk Bureau, his mother being his benefi ciary. The boy's final wish to one of the secretaries carrying on welfare work in the hospital was that some how his mother be reached, and she was in Italy. The K. of C. attempted to reach her by mail in the little town where her son said she could be found. But several letters brought no response. The town was in Italia Irredenta, and the fluctuating fortunes of war had scattered the civilian population of the many small towns ail .,over the peninsula. One morning sailors of the Ameri can flotilla in Mediterranean waters were invited by the K. of C. secre tary in charge of the K. C. club in Venice, to aid the Knights in a piece of detective work and at the same time to receive a practical lesson in Northwest Italian geography. Within two days the American soldier's mother was found, in a tiny little town that no American ear had heard of and that few American tongues could pronounce —Ascastamento or syllables to that effect. In two weeks 1-he received her herotson's govern ment insurance. Needless to say, she needed it. & Cedar 4167 K. ".• ... .. .! CIT DOWN this evening your wife and figure out some way of saving. Others say that the best way is to make the bank the "first stop" on payday. Will you have a payday soon? Then try it LET US SERVE YOU. AMERICAN NATIONAL A N K ROBERT** SEVENTH*" STJPAUt/'' MONEY TO LOAN ON Church property. We have money to loan in amounts from $5,000.00 up on Catholic churches, schools and other institutions at prevailing rates. CORRESPONDENCE INVITED Mercantile Security Company 526 Merchants Bank Bldg. ST. PAUL MINNESOTA First Communion Articles Also Gift Articles We invite your inspection of our extensive line of articles for First Communion, including Prayer Books, Rosaries, Candle Sticks, Wreaths, Veiling, Scapulars, etc. Beautiful Framed Pictures, Scapulars, Medals, Lockets, Crucifixes, and High Class Religious Novelties, Father Lasance's Prayer Books, etc. MAIL ORDERS RECEIVE CAREFUL ATTENTION THE E. M. LOHMANN COMPANY ,vi.. CHURCH GOODS 385-387 St. Peter Strp$t St Paul, Minnesota wmmm 1 1 (SUCCESSORS TO WIU.WERSCHEIO ROITH) I 141 EAST ST^ET ST. PIANOS COLUMBIA GRAFONOLAS, RECORDS IHEET MUSIC and INSTRUMENTS Price# and Catalogues free on application JA iiiiiilllililliniiiiHiiiiiHinlllllHiSlliliaa General Printing and Bookbinding fHemortal anb jfofoer© ^rbination ^ouuettir ISooft ^Repairing immmm L. V. REPKE COMPANY H. M. & W. W. STOPPE ST. PAUL'S PIONEBR Palmer School Chiropractors If you are sick and ailing and have tried everything else, why not try Chiropractice (Spinal adjustments) HURLEY- MOREN -FRANK CO. 49 Sy 8t»i STREET. MINNtAPOLlS, MINN. ii v -rv W&A WANTED—Position as housekeeper for a priest. Experienced. Address "M," care The Catholic Bulletin. BEAUTIFUL WATERPROOF AND BIRTPROOF APRONS (SlJse 24 36), all colors, check and plain white. Reversible. Last lifetime. Do not need washing. Dressy. Suitable for all occasions. Great bargain. Sent prepaid on receipt of $1. Sheridan Rubber Exchange. S01-5 Clo^ Build ing, St, P«t»lf Mjnn. PAUL, •A MINN. 801-2 Lowry Annex, ST« PAUL FUNERAL DIRECTORS =AND== EMBALMERS & Son 49 W. 9th Street ST. PAUL WANTED—Salesmen to extend th® circulation of The Catholic Bulletin. City and road work. Call or write Mr. Cox, Circulation Manager, 212 Globe Bid*., St. Paul. HOUSEKEEPER—-Wanted by man with three children, ages 4, 11, and 13. Catholic preferred. Stato age, nationality, and saiiary desired. Ad dress Box 12, care The Catholic BuU ictin, .. sat'!**-'