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i ulletin. OFWCIAL PAPER OF THE ARCH DIOCESE OF ST. PAUL, THE DIO v'USE OF DULUTH AND THE DIO CESE OF HELENA, MONTANA. Published every Saturday at 315 Nfwton Bide., Fifth and Minnesota Streets, St. Paul, Minnesota, by Tfc# Catholic Bulletin Publishing Co. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 a year payable in advance $2.50 a year to foreign countries AivrrtliinK Rate* on Application. All advertisements are under editor ial supervision. None but reliable irma and reputable lines of business ire advertised and recommended to our readers. A mention of THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN when writing to advertisers, will be mutually beneficial. The mailing: label on your paper Is a receipt for your subscription, and a re minder of the date of Its expiration. To insure change of address, the sub scriber must give the old, as well as the new, address. Remittance may be made by Draft, Post Office or Express Money Order, or Registered Letter, addressed to THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, "15 Newton Bldg., St Paul, Minnesota Junes M. Men don, Editor-in-Ckief Rev. C. F. McGinn!*, Ph. D., AMOciatr Editor Harry Locheed, Advertising Manager Entered as second-class matter, Jan uary 12, 1911. at the post office, St. Paul, Minn., under Act of March 2, 1879 Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized September 13, 1918. SATURDAY, JUNE 25, 1921 Naughty enemies of Ireland are wont to vend little images of pigs on St Patrick's day. Will the Irish now exhibit little images of jackasses on Sims' birthday? 'A' New York official declares fhat very few bibles are stolen from public libraries—which goes to prove that thieves have little use for the book wherein they find their condemnation. Tlie war gave new impetus to the bestowal of medals and dis tinctions by the various govern ments. Papal honors also have been distributed with lavish hand, as witness the increasing number of Monsignori. The daily press is a great power for moral uplift. This appears from the care with which they suppress all allusion to crime and divorce, such as the Stillman and similar incidents. Scarcely a word about these cases!! The Louisiana State Convention of the Knights of Columbus met at Hammond, that state, last month. A beautiful souvenir number of thirty large pages and elaborately illustrated was issued for the occasion. It is a decided credit to the Louisiana K. of C. The month of July is dedicated to the memory of the Precious Blood. For seven years the earth lias been drenched in blood. It seems that all liberty, both human and divine, must be achieved through blood, "without which there is no redemption," on earth or in heaven. Scarcely a week passes but we are called upon to chronicle new successes achieved by pupils in Catholic schools in various com petitive contests. While it may appear immodest to boast of these victories, the mention thereof should prove an added stimulous to interest in oar institutions. Marriage is no joke for man, no joke for woman, notes the Brook lyn Eagle. And happiness doesn't matter so much as other things. Neither man nor woman was ever meant to be asphyxiated in bliss. Access lies in responsibilities ac cepted, a home and a family estab lished, a sense of duty done at the end of every day. The proposed Preparatory Seminary, a sketch of which is presented in this number, is the first notable result of the recent Educational Campaign in this diocese. This basic institution alone were well worth all the effort and sacrifice entailed in the campaign on the part of both workers and donors. It is the first line of defence of the diocese. Bishop Fellows of the Episcopal Church thinks that short skirts on women are a blessing—he does not indicate whether it is the wearer or the beholder who is blessed. "Women are not grow ing less moral," he declared. "Their appearance in short skirts is not an indication of a lowering of standard, it is a blessing." Why, Bishop!! Shame on you and your eighty years! Twenty-four of the fifty-six signers of the Declaration of Inde pendence are asserted to have been Masons, in a recent state ment by Past Grand Master W. W. Clarke of Louisiana, says the Fortnightly Review. In this con section the Christian Cynosure tjnotes the following declaration of Past Grand Master G. W Baird, District of Columbia, from the "Proceedings" of the Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia, 1919: "We have been searching for evidence on this for the past twenty years, but we caiuifet ver- 1 1 1— 1 1 The present public education system was criticised by former President Taft, speaking at Mount Holyoke College commencement exercises. "The present system," he said, "has many defects. It lacks thoroughness. It lacks the insistence on hard work on the part of the student. The time of a student is too much occupied with extra-curricular activities. They attract public interest and attention and furnish a false standard of success. Similarly, the curriculum itself is widened with a variety of subjects that make a show of extended study but which unfortunately produce only a smattering of many things." "Try Ballykinlar. Sea breezes. Greenwood trees. Hygienic huts. All are welcome. Splendid accom modation. No references required. Free rail or boat. A veritable 'home from home'. Under high class management. Vice-regal patronage. Visitors find it impos sible to tear themselves away. Nothing like it (so far) in Ire land. Booking unnecessary. Highly recommended by military and government officials. Well worth a trial, but may be availed of without one." The above has reference to an internment camp in Ireland where over a thousand Sinn Fein prisoners are confined. Needless to say it is a S. F. recom mendation for that salubrious spot. Archbishop Hayes, New York, recently praised the theatrical profession in an address at a luncheon given in his honor by the Catholic Actors' Guild of New1 York. "The stage is a stratum of life," said the archbishop. You may compare it with a stratum of society in general—I mean the wealthy and cultured— and I think it will not compare unfavorably. The Church has al ways recognized the stage as a human institution and something to be led and guided and not destroyed. There is a big heart in the Church for you people, and we would like you to come in some times and warm yourself by the figes&e of God." MAIN STREET. As everyone knows, the hook of the above title has brought smiles to the larger cities and frowns of disapproval to the little burgs. Its theme, setting forth the foibles and narrowness that are supposed to exist in smaller communities, has a direct bearing on the spir itual lives of many Christians. For they, too, though dwelling in the midst of a metropolis, often present all the characteristics of narrowness that the most eager novelist could desire to adorn a tale. They live on a little Main street of their own making. In this busy little thoroughfare everyone and everything is keenly scrutinized. Not a sparrow falls but their jaundiced vision at once conjures up a terrible tragedy. The innocent are bored through by the piercing gaze of these little main-streeters and hidden mo tives, horrible designs are quickly fastened upon the most casual act. A real fault of slight insignifi cance is magnified until the crimes of Robespierre pale into trifles by comparison. The good are black ened, the bad are damned by the dwellers along this little street called Main. A hearty, whole some manner becomes to them the mark of the confirmed roue: a meek, timid deportment is brand ed as an infallible sign of past (and, maybe, present) guilt. This particular Main street is peopled with hypocrites from one end to the other. True, they par ade their piety and their absolute sinlessness: but this piety is pre cisely the kind the serpent as sumed when he insinuated himself into the graces of Eve. These modern serpents lack shrewdness, but they are long on asinine im becility. Frequently they are the warts on the body of religion not exactly dangerous, but annoy ing and unsightly excrescences. UNION LABOR. The cause of the laboring man has ever been close to the heart of the Church. Christ mingled, by preference, with the so-called lab oring class. He Himself belonged to that class, as did practically all of His Apostles. Down through the ages the Church stood as a wall of defense between the sor did greed of the unscrupulous in high places and the man of toil. She opposed slavery and taught the doctrine of the equality of man. During the middle ages she founded or upheld the guilds, and never has she ceased to guide and to protect, 'as far as possible, the man who works with his hands. Unions of workingmen found a ready friend in the Church. Her influence was spread over their efforts to obtain simple justice for all Her Pontiffs and Bishops have repeatedly proclaimed the rights of such men to organize and to protect their interests. She maintains that stand today, as ap pears from the famous Pastoral At the present time there seems to be a concerted effort to disrupt these unions. If they are swept away, the workingman will be exposed without defense to any heartless employer or group of em ployers that may care to exploit him. The last state of that man will become worse than the first. Is it wise for the unions to throw in their lot with socialistic societies of every color and shade Is it wise to harken without a thought to every demagogue who may obtain temporary power in their ranks The workingman has not only rights but duties as well. Not all the sin is on one side in the great economic dispute now going on. Besides, the public also is to be taken into account, for in the final analysis even a Reign of Terror is bound to spend itself, as history clearly proves. By all means preserve the labor unions. May they be guided aright for the welfare of their members and of society. But in the name of all that is fair and just kick out the false leaders who are drawing their fellows on to destruction. 0 FELIX ROMA. Jnne 29 is Rome's own holiday. Every Christian land has its spe cial patrons whose festal day is the signal for national rejoicing each year. Rome, however, is em purpled with the blood of two royal princes, Peter and Paul, who appeal to the multitude as well as to the hierarchy of the capital of Christendom. On this day all Rome sets out to honor these noble champions of nascent Christianity. When the first rays of dawn streak the Italian sky on June 29 Catholic Rome stirs and at once directs its steps towards the basil ica of St. Peter. Masses are con tinuous all morning on its forty altars, and devout worshippers, thousands upon thousands, stream through the vast edifice paying their homage to the first Supreme Pontiff as he lies in humble splen dor in the depths of the "Confes sion," St. Peter's own shrine. Nor do they forget piously to honor the wonderful bronze statue of the Prince of the Apostles which has stood within the basilica for cen turies and has received the devout reverence of millions of Christians from all over the world. It is at Vespers in the after noon, however, that Catholic Rome rises to the heights of fervor. With more than forty thousand persons gathered under the im mense dome, and an equal number outside, the papal choirs chant the solemn praises of the two early heroes of the Church. Attentively does the assembled throng unite with the spirit of religion in thanking God for those intrepid leaders. When the triumphant hymn of victory is intoned, and the two vast male choirs, aug mented by two powerful organs, burst forth in the thrice-repeated paean, O Felix Roma—0 Fortu nate Rome—every heart thrills to the glory of God's saints, and the agony of martyrdom is swept aside in the memory of the tri umph which crowns St. Peter and St. Paul. Fortunate and happy may be Rome, but far more fortunate is the world of civilization and relig ion because of Rome. Like a bea con guiding from afar, the sentinel of Christianity radiates light and protection to the farthermost cor ners of the earth. Intellectual pir ates, moral bandits, may strive to lead the nations astray but Felix Roma ever sends forth her beams of light, clear, strong and irresist ible the peoples of earth see and are glad, and the Ark of the ages is honored above all temporal po tentates. A CATHOLIC PARTY. Thoughtless persons sometimes inquire why Catholics in this coun try are not united into one polit ical party. Such units are found in Europe: why not here? Ac cording to our enemies, all the Catholics in the tTnited States are banded into a solid party with the avowed object of "making Amer ica safe for the Pope." The fact is that Catholics here are united on one point only: the doctrines of faith. Outside of that they ob serve no political or social lines. In Europe, especially in some countries there, the Church is the constant object of attack by anti clerical bodies. A Catholic polit ical party, therefore, in such cir cumstances is a necessity. It is merely a means of self-defense and would become obsolete were active antagonism to the Church to dis appear. America, however, offers no dis tinct opposition to the Catholic faith. Here liberty of worship is guaranteed and protected by the very laws of the land. True, in dividual Catholics are often sin gled out for discrimination at the polls. In many cases this is really a good thing, for not all these Catholic political aspirants are a credit to their faith. Occasionally real harm does ensue when a man of known probity and ability is ostracised by reason of his relig- .Letter ol tke^Americsn ^ierpqhy^om, Su£h individual cases, how-Issued. S THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, JUNE 25, 1921 ever, scarcely justify the forma tion of the political party, for the same bigotry appears in the busi ness and social world occasionally with regard to Catholics. Gutter-press sheets may carp and rave about a "Catholic par ty." Let them brinjr forward a single shred of evidence to support their charge. Americans desire facts, and so far not an iota of proof has been forthcoming to show the existence of even a small Catholic political party. The rea son is simply because "there ain't none." CAPTAIN JACK BARKY. While certain circles are tense over the recent asinine utterances of the "best English admiral in the American navy," it is well to recall that the Father of that same navy was an Irishman. When the navy was organized, by act of con gress, in 1794, six men were pro posed and accepted as captains by George Washington. Captain Jack Barry headed that list, and thus became the first ranking officer. Barry, however, was not merely a political appointee. Born in Ire land in 1745, he came to this coun try fifteen years later, and took up a seafaring life. At the out break of the Revolution, he offer ed his services and was at once ap pointed commander of the first of the two vessels authorized by the Continental Congress. His com mission bore the date December 7, 1775. Several months later, as commander of the Effingham, he brought to Philadelphia a British war vessel, the first prize captured by a regularly commissioned offi cer. While in command of the Alli ance Barry performed his most heroic feats. Capturing British vessels at will, defeating numerous antagonists, he quickly drove fear into the enemy. The Trespasser and the Atlanta soon lowered their colors to him in a terrific fight in which Barry was wounded but victorious. After taking Laf ayette to France in the Alliance, Barry set out on a cruise that caused widespread destruction and a loss to English commerce amounting to more than three mil lion dollars, a vast sum at that time. The naval fights of the war came to a close with Barry's last engagement and victory, when he brought in the captured British frigate Syville after a battle of forty-five minutes. After the war the Alliance was sold and the navy ceased to exist until 1794. Barry retired to Philadelphia where he died in 1803. His private life was as strongly Catholic as his public career was spectacular. His memory as Father of the American navy was honored by Congress which, in 1906, appro priated $50,000 for a monument to him in Washington. MANY QUESTIONS ISKED 1920-21 NATION'S BIGGEST QUIZ YEAR—K. OF C. LECTURERS REPORT SERIOUS ATTITUDE OF HEARERS. Ttie American nation's most In quisitive year was 1920-21, according to statistics compiled by William J. McGinley, after receiving the season's reports from the corps of K. of C. anti Bolshevik lecturers. During 1920-21, in 531 cities and towns covered by the K. of C. in open forums, 11,400 questions were agked, as compared with 9,000 questions asked in the same number of forums during the period 1919-20 and 6,000 asked in the period 1918-19. The K. of C. practice is to set aside a solid hour for the questioning by auditors of the lecturer. The ques tions are conducted on the catch-as catch-can style, no query being bar red. Theology predominates, carry ing a percentage of 32 to the total number of questions, and more people have wanted to know the proof of God's existence this season than last season and in all cases have expres sed satisfaction with the proofs. Moral questions come next, then economic, then political. The questioners on economic lines are the hardest for the lecturers to satisfy, Mr. McGinley reports. Peter W. Collins of Chelsea, Mass., is the champion K. of C. in question answering, no fewer than 2300 queries having been fired at him during 150 lectures given by him. He attributes the increase in national inquisitive ness to large unemployment and states that ex-service men questioners are quicker to accept logical answers than others, and he ascribes this to mental discipline. K. OF C. COUNCIL IN JUBILEE SUPREME KNIGHT FLAHERTY TO DELIVER ADDRESS AT CHICAGO, JULY 7 Supreme Knight James A. Flaher ty, of Philadelphia, will speak at a banquet to be given at the silver jubilee of the installation of Chicago council No. 182, Jttfjr 7, at the Hotel Sherman. At this get-together "banquet it is expected 1,000 third degree members will be present. As a souvenir c! the occasion the history of Chicago council, recounting the story of the growth of the order in the west in the last twenty-five years, will be RECALL THE COMMUNE PARISIANS KEEP GREEN MEMORY OF COMMUNE MARTYRS—IM PRESSIVE CEREMONIES HELD AT CHURCH OF THE MAO ELEINE AND NOTRE DAME. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) A touching ceremony was celebrat ed in Paris at the Church of the Mad eleine, in memory of Abbe Deguerry, pastor of that parish, who was murdered by revolutionaries cf the Commune fifty years ago, and whose body now lies in the crypt of the church. Cardinal Dubois pre sided over the office. The musical program was. directed by the aged Theodore Dubois, former director of the Paris Conservatory, who was the choir director of the Church of the Madeleine in the time of Abbe Deguerry, to whom he had ded icated his famous oratorio: "The Seven Last Words of Christ." Vengeance On Hostages. The crime was committed at the end of May during the terrible year, 1871. After the Germans had raised the siege of Paris, the revolutionaries gained possession of the capital. They immediately seized hostages belonging to the clergy, the judiciary, the university and the army. When they found themselves menaced by the advance of the regular army of the government, which had taken ref uge at Versailles, they wreaked their vengeance on the hostages. On May 26, the regular troops hav ing won two decisive victories, posh ing back the revolutionaries to the extreme outskirts of the working districts to the East of Paris, six hostages were shot in the prison of La Roquette. They were: the Archbishop of Paris, Mgr. Darboy, the pastor of La Madeleine, Abbe Deguerry, Abbe Allard, a former missionary, Father Ducoudray, rector of the famous col lege of the Rue des Postes, Father Clerc, a former naval officer and pro fessor of mathematics in the same college, and Monsieur Bonjean, presi dent of the chamber at the Court of Cassation. Mgr. Darboy*s last gesture was one of benediction for his executioners. On the following day, after hearing of a new defeat, the revolutionaries massacred six Dominicans, two lay teachers and six servants. POOR LOJEGLECTED MAJORITY OF INDIANS ARE NOT AFFILIATED WITH ANY CHURCH. Of the more than 330,000 Indians in the United States, fully two-thirds are without any Christian religious affilia tion, either Catholic or Protestant, ac cording to a survey, the results of which were announced in St. Paul by Dr. Elmer Higley, of Des Moines, who has recently been appointed superin tendent of the Indian work of the Methodist Episcopal Church. The Indian population is not decreasing in numbers, the report shows, and with the improvement of homes, medical attention, and sanitation a marked in crease is predicted. At the present time, three out of every five Indian children die before the age of five years. A comparison of the work done by the Catholic and Protestant mis sionaries shows that 430 Protestant workers care for 42,000 Indians, while only 275 Catholic missionaries are available to care for more than 51,000 persons. DELEGATES TOJOHIOI FATHER DOHERTY AND OTH ER WORKERS TO MIL WAUKEE. St. Paul delegates to the annual convention of the American Associa tion for Community Organization, which opened at Milwaukee Tuesday, left last Monday. The delegation attending from ssu Paul is the largest ever sent to any of the organization's sessions, Rep resentatives from practically every organized welfare body of the city are attending. The association in cludes practically very welfare agency of the country. The convention closes June 29. St. Paul delegates include Rev. John F. Doherty, Bureau of Catholic Char ities Mrs. H. T. Wallace, Catholic Infant home Mrs. E. C. Ives, Guild of Catholic Women. OUT Of K DEPTHS BURIED CHURCH 18 REVEALED BY SHELL BUR8T. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) M. Clermot-Ganneau, member of the Paris Academy of Inscriptions and Belles-Lettres, has just told his col' leagues how excavations at Jericho* now being conducted by the Domini cans of Jerusalem, were instigated by by the bursting of a shell. A Turkish shell burst one dav with in the British lines, tore up the ground and laid bare a wonderful piece of mosaic work. The British commander at that point of the front examined the mosaic and considered it to be of great interest. He therefore reported the matter to the Dominicans, who, thanks to the Turkish shell and the British com mander, are now excavating a large ancient synagogue, in which have been found ornaments and texts of great historical value. Father Lagrange will make a detail ed report on the results of this ex cavation to the academy of Inscrip tions next month. CATHOLIC TEACHING IN EARLY DAYS OF THE CHURCH TEXTS OF FIR8T AND SECOND By Dr. Roderick A. MacEacbeo (Written for the N. C. W. C. News Service.) A reading of early religious texts impresses us with the fact that the Christian teachers of the first cen turies were confronted by practical ly the same problems as those of to day. Human nature is always the same the same human inclinations exist in all ages. In those far-ofF days there was the same love of pleasure, the same wordly spirit. In the midst of the luxury and pomp that prevail ed in pagan civilization, the Chris tians had adopted a new form of life fashioned after the life and teachings of Christ. It was the mission of the Christian teacher to develop this "new life" amongst his people by warning them against the practices and vices of pagan life and by training them to live in the light of divine truth. First Century Teaching. The "Didache ton Apostolon" (The Teaching of the Apostles), written by an unknown author toward the end of the first century, is a text used for religious teaching. In the first part the author describes the "two ways," the way of life and the way of death. Beautifully he portrays the virtues of the Christian life. The sec ond part of this work treats of the Mass, showing clearly that Mass was celebrated in that far-off day as it is today. "Gather together," it says, "on the Lord's day to breal. bread and give thanks. But first confess your sins so that your sacrifice may be pure." The Didache admonishes the faithful to prepare well for the re ception of the Holy Eucharist. 'If any one is holy, let him approach but if any one is not holy, let him re pent" Love was then the distinguishing mark of Christians, according to the mandate of Christ: "By this shall all men know that yon are my disciples if you have love one for another" (St. John 12, 36). It was this quality in the lives of the Christians that im pressed the pagans and made them exclaim: "Behold those Christians, how they live, how they love one an other!" Yet then, just as today, sometimes dissensions arose among the faithful. Unifying Power of Love. We have a copy of a letter written to the Corinthians by Pope Clement about the end of the first century. There was some trouble in the con gregation of Corinth and the Saint was writing to remind them of their duty. It is love that is to restore peace and harmony among them: "Who can describe the bonds of God's love! What man can tell in a fitting manner, the excellence of its beauty. The height to which love elevates us is unspeakable. Love unites us to God love covers a multitude of sins love beareth all things, is always long suffering. There is nothing base, nothing arrogant in love. Love ad mits no schisms, gives rise to no se ditions. Love does all things in har mony. Through love all the elect of God have been made perfect without love nothing is pleasing to God. By love the Lord has taken us to Himself. Out of love for us Jesus Christ, sub missive to the will of the Father, shed His blood for us, gave His flesh for our flesh, His life for our souls." This remarkable passage shows that the third successor of St. Peter realized the unifying power of love. Perhaps the most important cate chetical text of antiquity which we possess is "The Shepherd," written about the middle of the second cen tury by Hermas, of Rome. In a se ries of visions, precepts, and simili tudes, he teaches the Christian life. The Church he symbolically describes as a tower in course of construction. The faithful are the stones already placed in the wall. Other stones are lying round about. Some of these the builders reject because they will not fit into the structure (the impenitent). Others that are round and uneven must be hewn and made smooth so as to fit into the wall. These are those who are too much attached to worldly goods and pleasures. St. Polycarp's Advice. The early Christian teachers em phasized the position of brotherly love in the Christian life. We have a let ter written by St. Polycarp (martyred in 155), to the Philippians in which he says in part: "Be you lovers 'of the brotherhood, loving one another, be united in the truth, treating one an other with the meekness of Christ." In the same letter, he speaks of a SYNIPATHY_FOR IRISH CLERGY CONDEMN ENGLAND'S CRIMINAL MISRULE IN IRELAND. At the close of the annul retreat of the priests of the Diocese of Omaha, Archbishop Harty and his priests to the number of over two hundred, representing 100,000 citizens in the City *and Diocese of Omaha, held a meeting on the Irish Cause. As a Christian body and as American citizens, in their own name and in the name of their people, they expressed their horror and condemnation of the brutal and inhuman atrocities being perpetrated by the British Bashi Bazouks, otherwise known as "the Black and Tans," on the men, women and children of Ireland, to whom they extended their heartfelt sympathy in this their darkest day of persecution. Resolutions to this effect were passed. GLIMPSE OF EARLY DAYS CENTURY WRITERS SHOW SIMILARITY OF ANCIENT HAB ITS TO MODERN PRACTICES CHURCH ALWAY8 HAD TO DE PLORE EXCESSES. certain Valens and his wife who had fallen away: "I am very sad, Breth ren, for him and his wife may the Lord grant them true repentance. But you, be prudent in this case do not look upon them as enemies, but call them back as suffering and err ing members." St. Polycarp was a disciple of St. John little wonder, then, that he knew so well the Gos pel of love. St. Ignatius, another disciple of St. John, in a text which he has left us, might well have been advising us how to deal with the bigots of today: "Pray without ceasing for them. There is always hope that they will repent and turn to God. Teach them at least by your example. Be meek in the presence of their arrogance, humble In contrast to their boasting offer your prayers in return for their blasphemies. Be steadfast in faith to offset their error, put your gentleness against their cruelty. While we take care not to imitate their conduct, let us be their brethren in all kindness." Social Excesses of Early Period. Today we hear much about immod esty in dress, painted faces, and other social excesses. Clement, a priest of Alexandria, has written a treatise which shows that the same abuses existed in his day. This text was written toward the end of the sec ond century it is called the Pedago gus (The Tutor). In ancient times the slave who was entrusted with a boy's training, and education was called a pedagogus. Clement, in this work, is teaching the art of the Chris tian life. Christ is our pedagogus. Christian training, the author tells us, must first lead us to love God and to understand His love for us. We must become as little children and live the divine truth in all simplicity. We are the children, Christ the Teacher. Describing the faithful as children at play, he says: "Christ from a win dow above gazes down upon our laughter." He refers beautifully to Christ's love for us in the Holy Eucha rist: "The Word (Christ) is all things to the child, father, mother, teacher, nurse. 'Eat my flesh,' He says, 'and drink my blood' (St. John VI, 53-54). The Lord indeed supplies us with fit ting nurture He gives us His flesh and He pours out His blood, and so nothing is lacking to the growth of His children." The author enters Into the details of every day life, showing how the Christian should live. There is a chapter on foods, one on drink, one on house furnishings, one on banquets and other social functions, and one on laughter. "Our speech should be po lite and agreeable," he says, "but we should not be carried away by laugh ter. To laugh with moderation is a mark of good breeding." Good Manners Mark of Christian. It is as we have always recognized that politeness, good manners, and all form of gentility are an integral part of the Christian life. When well-bred men lift the hat to ladies, rise when they enter the room, offer them the seat which they occupy, and concede right of women to safety first in time of danger, they are observing cus toms that have grown out of our ven eration for the Blessed Virgin Mary. Good table manners, cheerful greet ings, politeness in address, and many little acts of courtesy, such as holding the door for others to pass, "beg par don" when passing before others, un doubtedly are old Christian customs that have their origin in the brother ly love that existed among our ancient brethren. Many reprehensible practices that prevail today existed in the pagan so ciety in which the early Christians lived. Clement gives us a remark able chapter on true beauty. Then he fepeaks his mind on the use of cos metics. "The practice of excessive or namentation," he says, "belongs not to ladies, but to women of the street They season their flesh like sauce. They spend the day shut up in their rooms, lest they be discovered mix ing the colors with which they are to be adorned. In the evening this arti ficial beauty crawls forth from its dark corner into the light. From the use of these cosmetics they are pal lid, subject to disease their flesh, which has been so often painted with poisons, is disintegrating. They insult the Creator by acting as though He had not given them all the beauty that belongs to them." Nothing escapes this Christian writ er. He tells women how the hair should be worn, how they should de port themselves at their social gather ings and at the games, and even how they should walk. It is an adjustment of life to the teachings of Christ who is our Model and our Teacher. In con clusion, he cries out: "O followers of a blessed teaching! Let us conform to the beautiful person of the Church, and like little children, let us run to our good mother. If we hearken to her words we shall glorify the teach ings whereby we are trained and sano tified as little children of God." «HM YOUNG HEI 350,000 IN GERMAN UNION CELS BRATING 25TH ANNIVERSARY (By N. C. W. C. News ServtoaJ The Union of Catholle Young Marti Societies In Germany has Just cele brated the 25th Anniversary of its foundation. IUwas created in 1896 at Mainz, to act as a central union of all the Catholic Young Men's organiza tions existing at that time. At the date of its foundation there were 600 such societies. Today the number is 3,600 with a total membership oE S&ftr 000 within the present frontiers of Germany. In the beginning it publish ed one paper. It now publishes seven, and while fifteen years ago the Chair man of the Union was able to attend to the administrative details of the Union unaided, there are aow employ ed over 45 officials.