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1 Cathoticj^ilutretin. OFFICIAL PAPER OF THE ARCH DIOCESE OF ST. PAUL, THE DIO CESE OF DULUTH AND THE DIO CESE OF HELENA, MONTANA. Published by The Catholic Bulletin PuhlUhlnir Co. and Issued every Saturday from 141 E. Fifth Street, St. Paul, Minn. Business office: 315 Newton Pldg., fifth and Minnesota Streets, St. Paul, Minn. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 a year payable in advance $2.50 a year to foreign countries Advertininie: Kitten on Application. All advertisements are under edito rial supervision. None but reliable firms and reputable lines of business are advertised and recommended to our readers. A mention of Till?CATHOLIC BUIXETIN when writing: to advertisers^ mutually beneficial. the new, address. will be The mailing label on your paper Is a receipt for your subscription, and a re minder of the date of its expiration. To injure change of address, U»e sub scriber must give the old* as well as Tlemittance may be mnflo by Draft, Post Ofl'u'e or 10xpress Money Order, or Registered Letter, addressed to Til 10 CATHOLIC IH'IXBTIN, 315 Newton Llldg., St. Paul, Minnesota Rev. Janie* 31. Reardon. lOilitor-in-Chlef Rev. C. K. McGinn!*, Ph. D., AwMOClnte lOtlilor Harry I.ockerd, A«Iverti»rnR- Manager Entered as second-class matter, Jan nary 12. It'll, at the post office, *St. Paul', Minn., under Act of March 2, 1S79. Acceptance for mailing at special rote of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized September 13, 1918. SATURDAY, APRIL 1, 1922 The little Office of the Passion, by II. Bonaventure, has been ar ranged for use at the devotion of the Three llours Agony 011 Good Friday. It is most appropriate, and is published by the Francis can Herald Press, 1434 \V. 51st St., Chicago, 111., at 12 cents the copy. The Upper Room, Mr. Benson's drama- of the Passion, is quite worthy of the attention of every Christian. The presentation at St. Catherine's College on Passion and Palm Sundays promises to lie an exceptional performance. The oast that has distinguished itself in the past will again appear. It is sometimes a cause of won der how certain Catholics ever re main in the Church. Were they of another fold they would be rag ing bigots: as it is they do their best to cause trouble and to arouse hard feelings among Catholics and others. Faith is a wondrous gift lint suck Catholics have only the veneer, and a mighty thin eeat at that. One hundred and fifty-seven Oennfln newspapers and periodi cal's have suspended publication during the last two months, due 1o the increased cost of print pa per. it is officially announced. The Lanbaner Anzeiger announces it would suspend publication April 1, after a continuous existence of 165 years. The price of pnnt paper has practically affected la bor, Socialist and radical organs, •which have carried smaller •mounts of important advertising "I am told," writes "Clubman' of the London "Pall Mall Gaz elle," "there aro now some 4,000 'Black and Tans' back in this country from Ireland. I met sonn of them today, and their tale was distressful. They are to receive a pension of £1 a week, which sonnds generous to young men ap parently with all the world before them. The £10 advanced to them on leaving Ireland is now spent and they are unable to get em pJoymcnt, and neither the army nor the police force has need of them." They might apply to the Bolsheviki. During 30 years of association with John D. Rockefeller, first as stenographer and later as finan cial secretary, George D. Roger never once saw Mr. Rockefeller lose his temper, says Forbes Mnga zine. "Undoubtedly," says Mr Rogers, "Mr. Rockefeller had early learned that self-control was a short cut to the control of both men .and events." The man who loses his temper is in the position of admit ting to all who witness his "exhibit ions that he is not master of himself. A loss of temper means loss of self-control. No man can enjoy the luxury of losing his tem per regularly and enjoy long life. Nether can siuJi a man win the losing loyalty of his associates. "(letting caught'r wa«. pro nounced today's worst sin by Dr. Lee A. Stone, expert in social and industrial hygiene/in an address before the health conference in Chicago. "In the eyes of this generation, it's not what a man does but what he gets caught, do ing that counts," said Dr. Stone. "That's the curse of society today. A big financier can break laAvs with impunity as far as his social reputation is concerned and socie ty says not a word unless lie is caught. This condition is just as true in the rural districts as in ft.'j!i 1 ri&H, j^F"» ,^»f"W^Oir corrupt part of the country. In my work I have spout much time in the rural districts, and I want to say that in proportion to their population they are not a whit better than either ^Chieago or \ew York. THIS IS THE VERY LATEST The New York Times last Mon day had the following: "Bare footed girls went through a slow dance on a stage in front of the sanctuary of St. Mark's-in-the Bonwerie yesterday afternoon in what Dr. William Norman (iuth rie, rector of the church, describ ed as an 'eurythmie ritual,' ex pressive of the Annunciation. Blue spot lights from two reflectors in the balcony played on them as they moved, and the dimly light ed church was fragrant with in ense which burned in large eeji sers in front and on eaeh side of the altar. "The service preliminary fo the dance was as unusual as the dance itself. After a hymn, a gospel catling and the singing' of 'The Ilynin of the Blessed Virgin,' Dr. Guthrie read with dramatic em phasis the 'Ave,' by Dante Gabriel Rossetti. The choir then sang an anthem on the Annunciation, writ ten by Dr. Guthrie, and for the first part of the prayer, Dr. Guth ie recited the 'Prayer to the Vir gin of Chart-res,' a poem by Henry \danis. The sanctuary was then veiled by drawing across it cur tains reaching to the ceiling, and the banner of the Annunciation was placed in front of the curtain and in front of that a nine-branch ed candlestick." Of all the innovations recently ntroduced by our separated brethren to draw7 congregations to their churches, this seems to be the last word to date. As a form of entertainment, or even religious pageantry, the spectacle of bare footed girls in a "eurythmie ritu al," no doubt, has a most elevat ing effect upon the audience. Surely the devout worshippers must have returned to their homes filled with a deep feeling of pious fervor. The Times adds that "the eolofed lights of the Church gave the suggestion of Neapolitan ice cream." This is dangerous. Rome is not far from Naples. REMEMBER POOR AUSTRIA. America at this moment is flooded with appeals from every corner of the world. Suffering and distress have urged zealous relief workers to send out calls broadcast for assistance. Many of these requests are worthy, while others are exaggerated. There is one appeal, however, which should evoke a response in every human breast: it is the wail that rises from poor, miserable and dying Austria. Elsewhere in this number we print a short- letter that, tells in a few words the. case of this tcr riblv scourged nation. Since the fall of its Catholic sovereigns and the devastation and havoc occa sioned by the war, Austria has been one immense poor house and hospital. Disease, famine and death have been the portion of its people without distinction of class or previous position. Millions are dead as a result of actual starva tion, while other millions are fast succumbing to this dread plague Catholic America owes much to Catholic Austria. The infant Church in this country received unstinted help in money, supplies, priests and sisters from the de voted Austrian people when we were struggling to keep our people together and to build up the Church. Today we have paid back with interest the century-old debt towards France: Austria, however, still remains our cred itor. She is hard pressed for actual existence, and it. becomes the duty of every American Cath olic to remember this debt as a personal obligation and then to act accordingly. Thousands of nursing sisters have fallen a prey to starvation while depriving themselves of the necessaries of life in order to minister fo Hie needs of the people. Austria stretches out piteous and emaciated hands towards us for a pittance to enable her to keep body and soul together in comparison to this other causes can well afford to wait while we striye to rescue a. dying nation. In your alms, give preference to poor, suffering Austria. MR HARDING ON RELIGIOUS NESS. The address given by President Harding before a Bible class in a Baptist church in Washington last week has been widely quoted. With good reason is Ibis so. It is significant, moreover, that the President was speaking before Baptists. manifest religious intoLeranet which exists among many of our citizens," he said. "I hold,it to be a menace to the very liberties we boast and cherish." Giving his views as fo the need of a religious spirit here, he said: "If I were to utter a player for this republic tonight, it woflld be to re-consecrate us in religious de votion and make us abidingly a God-fearing, God-loving people.'" The President referred to the freedom of religion among us, a liberty which discloses the wisdom and broadness of our founders. This very liberty is abused, as even holy things frequently are, by those who are devoid of a real spirit of religion. It is subjected to the machinations not only of the ungodly but especially of those who. make a pretence to the belief and practice of Christianity. It is a fact that here in America nearly all religions oppression and dis crimination comes from those who shout Hosannas and Hallelujahs. The average American, devoid of religious convictions, cares not a whoop for this or that church: but the bigots within the various folds are the ones who instigate persecution and arouse feelings of bitterness among the churches. Religion is much like philoso phy. in a way: a small dose turns men's heads, while a long draught strengthens and makes firm. "BOOK WEEK" COMING. The publishers of the country announce that "hook Week" will be held throughout the nation April 2-8. This is a "stunt" on the part of those who print and sell books. It is intended to arouse the interest of the people to the value and importance of books. Last year the plan was first launched and the results justified the continuance of the infant cus tom. People came to see the ad vantage not only of "saying it with books," but also of treating themselves to a substantial men tal repast. Among those who publish books our Catholic firms hold a unique position. They print Catholic works by Catholic authors chiefly for the consumption of Catholic readers. At the same time, as a rule, they carefully avoid sending their books to Catholic papers for review or at most, they forward a copy for review to some favored publication. Then they hold up the price outrageously and com plain that Catholics do not read. For sheer stupidity and infantile guilelessness in the matter of common sense business, such pub lishers easily carry off the prize. A copy for review would cost them a trifle, and it would bring their book before the very people who would be interested in that particular book. i33i(39SS9C39SS3S?Q^5 The editor of one of the most prominent Catholic papers in the country recently stated that sev eral years ago he wrote a Ion editorial explaining the value of such a plan for the publishers. He then sent a marked copy of this article to every Catholic pub lisher in the country. Result not even one book in response, a re sult which confirmed his views. So Book Week may come and go. It will bother our Catholic people but little, as they are not accustomed to such mental relax ation. They are not readers. And the Catholic publishers will doubt less blow their little tin horns ad vertising their wares in a low, squeaking voice lest perchance some one may hear. In the mean time, other printing houses will take advantage of the CathoMe press to reach the Catholic read ing public, and the results will be altogether satisfying. Catholics may not read much but surely do they avoid the books which come before the public at outlandish prices, simply because said books deal with the "Advice and Coun sel of Father So-and-So," or the "Pious Reflections by Sister Mag nificat." THEY CAN SPELL. The Catholic Bulletin wishteS to add its sincerest congratulations to onr schools and pupils who made such a distinct showing in the spelling contest held in this city last week. The grade stu dents from onr parochial schools made a clean sweep of the first five prizes against a field of two hundred competitors, all selected carefully from the different schools of the city. First honors in the high school division of 100 contestants went to a young ladv of St. Joseph's Academy. The re sult is that at the ^tate fair com petition for the whole state next September, the four St. Paul en tries Avill Iu his fearless discourse Mr. Harding stressed not only the often neglected, art of spelling nert of reK(d»n here as a safe- Such results are beeomins socom- Li:? L.^.ian fr Jnon comprise three pupils from our schools. Now, all this is not said in a spirit of boastfulness or gloating it is simply an expression of satis faction over the excellent work done by the Sisters in training their pupils in the necessary, and ra.^,er lin\lsu^ I *&*•> •*£, 9 Try' ••'I- -:-v-•• v :.V1- r* "r Hm OH": HE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, APRIL -1,1922 THE NEW YORK ONE HUN DRED. T(Jic other day a letter was re ceived by several eastern news papers telling of the birth of a new organization. It is the Evan gelical Protestant Society. The letter states (among many other things) A number of gentle men here iji New York, appreciat ing the seriousness of the Roman Catholic encroachments upon American institutions, have organ ized a society known as the Evan gelical Protestant Society. s "The objects of this society are to defend and promote Evangeli cal Christianity. and to de fend American Democracy agfiinst the encroachments of Papal Rome. It is to be a fight absolutely in the open," etc., etc., etc. One is curious to know some of these New York gentlemen. The letter soon satisfies that legitimate craving by mentioning a few of the founders: Dr. John Roach Straton, sensational Baptist of New York Gilbert O. Nations, editor of the Protestant, the most bigoted sheet in America (consult the American Legion): the noto rious Bishop Burt, Methodist Epis copal, Buffalo, X. Y.,' who has been floored countless times for his malevolent and vicious tirades against Catholicity. (Several years ago Archbishop Ireland made a monkey of Burt during a certain religious convention in Minneapo lis.) At first blush it might appear that the country was actually go ing to be saved. On closer inspec tion of the names of the founders, however, it is clear that a new campaign of mud-slinging is about to be launched down east. Well, the Catholics of Xew York are known for their militant qualities, and their Archbishop is not a nov ice in the gentle art of branding bigots with the proper mark. So the Church there is safe, even if the republic may totter-under the 'encroachments of Papal Rome." It is too bad, really, that the sane and level minds in the Prot estant churches—there, are many such—do not combine to, crush out these malicious slanderers once for all. But then, Protestantism has no central authority: every one is a free lance. A Catholic, priest, lav man or Bishop, would.-"last quick" if he attempted to besmirch his fellow citizens of .any ^nomina tion by foul lies and false accusa tions. The long arm of Rome soon would reach out and pl&ee him in innocuous desuetude." But Burt et al. will continue to butt their heads against the old Rock until their brains are scattered all over the landscape. v VALUABLE FRESCOES FOUND PICTURES BELIEVED TO QE OF SAINTS PETER AND PAUL UNEARTHED What are believed to be contempo rary portraits of St. Peter and St. Paul have been discovered in a hypo geum, or underground structure of the Roman epoch. The belief in their au thenticity is shared by the well-known archaeologist, Professor Lanciani. The hypogeum was found in exca vations for the building of a large garage. It comprises a number ol rooms and galleries, a crypt and a Christian church with marvelous fres coes of a very early date. The pro fessor believes the portraits were painted from life. ARE BETTER WRITERS CHICAGO TRIBUNE'S ESSAY CON TEST AND PARISH SCHOOL WORK. The standard of comparative effi ciency between parochial and public schools was again tested in the George Washington essay contest con ducted by the Chicago Tribune. Al the close of the contest, members of the staff of the Medill School of Jour nalism were chosen as judges. Hun dreds of essays had been sent in from the city of Chicago and from the five states, Illinois, Indiana, IoWa, Michi gan and Wisconsin. In concluding the task of selecting the winners the judges said they found "the parochial schools are better in the mechanics of writing than any other type of school. The spelling, writing and punctuation are excellent in most all of the essays written by students in the parochial schools." Besides the grand prize, ten prizes were awarded in Chicago and ten in each of the five states. Six of these winners were pupils of parochial schools—one In Chicago, two in Indi ana, two In Iowa and one in .Michigan. GERMAII MSMM LESS 0nly Germans intolerance which manifests itself kind where the Oatholic school burg last January. founders, and since 18S8, editor of the great Celtic scholars who made known so often in our national life.! students do not carry off signal) In January, 1921, the number of Ger- Yearbook of Philosophy. In 1913, Pope even to the Irish themselves the price- large cities. I am tired of this ''There has come to me no other honors. Readers of this paper will man emigrants clearing from Hamburg Pius honored him with the title of less treasures of their ancient litera about oitie* being -the'-©nig-."sack uaweleome imprewipii"fU9 the notice «n«h achievemente **cord'-w». about Domestic Pr«iatet iture. ed iu our columns almost. every, week. Our pupils may not excel in the fads and frills, but they do# Stand shoulder to shoulder with FIFTEEN DAYS TO ELAPSE BE- 'WRITER POINTS OUT VALUABLE other schools whenever there is question of solid accomplishment not infrequently, they lead the list. TWEEN DEATH AND ELEC TION OF POP€8. In new regulations governing the conclaves for the election of the Pope andx promulgated in a motu proprio jnsl published, Pope Plus has decreed the postponement of conclaves from ten to fifteen d.ays after the Pontiff's death. The motu proprio gives ^he cardinals fncullies to extend this peri od an additional three days, or a maxi mum of Eighteen days. The requiem ceremonies for the departed Pontiff, called Novendials, are to be deter mined by cardinals but the rites for the more solemn last three Novendials remain unchanged. Other modifica tions allow the cardinals the option of one conclavist instead of two—an ecclesiastic and layman as at present. There is also the abrogation of the rule obliging cardinals to attend the general Mass and Communion on thn first day of the conclave and forbid ding private Mass. The cardinals are left free to eelebrate Mass or com municate. #11 RIME 80,080 The free evening schools of the Knights of Columbus will graduate ap proximately 80,000 students in tech nical courses in the school year to end in late June and early July, according to figures compiled by the K. of C. Bureau of Education at New Haven, Conn. LAITART Dr. Neill waar born at Rock Island, III., in 1865, entered the University of Notre Dame in 1885, studied there three years, later taking courses at the University of Texas, Georgetown, and Chicago he spent two more years at Notre Dame, receiving his M. A. He then taught at Johns Hopkins, where he received a Ph. D.f and at the Catholic University. Jn^lDlO Notre Dame conferred upon Win the degree of Doctor of Laws. NUNSTOVOIE SISTERS REGISTER FOR CHICAGO PRIMARY. The appearance of members of the sisters' orders at the polls generally last week to register for the Chicago primary, caused something of a sen sat ion in many of the precincts, where no nun had ever registered before. Some of the judges of elections did not know how to proceed, and called the central headquarters of the elec tion commission. "These nuns are entitled to register and vote the same as any other wom en, provided they qualify under the election laws," was the instruction sent out by Chief Clerk Lohman of the election commission. BUY BACKPROPERIY CONFISCATED CHURCHES RE GAINED BY FRENCH LAYMEN. A legally constituted lay society has bought back the Little Seminary of Angers. This important establishment was taken from the diocese in 1906 as a result of the Law of Separation. The municipality of Angers, with the authorization of the government, showed a great spirit of justice and liberality in the negotiations. The Lit tle Seminary of Beaupreaii, in the same diocese, has also been bought back. At Lyons, a city to which the Law of Separation awarded the famous property of the Chartreux, this prop erty was sold to a lay society which turned it over to the religious. Kill 16 IT CHURCH Five Catholic workers were killed and eleven seriously wounded at Guad alajara, Mexico, when Reds, who were parading in the streets, met the Cath olics as they were coming out of the cathedral and immediately opened fire on them last Sunday. MSR. POHLE DEAD WELL-KNOWN EUROPEAN PRIEST SCHOLAR DIES AT BRESLAU. to hundred other nationals emigrated Dr. Pohle was the author of a ritrm- by Ebel, Windisch, Zimmer, Thurnuy- overseas by way of the port of Ham- ber of other works, was one of the sen, Kuno Meyer and a score of other •^••MIBMWa^HIMMMpMMWpa TO KEOAL *pf* "V ,». !.'.. dill NOTRE DAME HONORS A DISTIN GUISHED SON. The Laetare Medal, awarded annual ly by the University of Notre Dame as a recognition of meritorious achieve trfents for God and country, has been conferred upon Charles P. Neill, Com missioner of Labor under Presidents Roosevelt, Taft and Wilson. Mr Neill's accomplishments in the field of public service gained him this year's distinction among Catholic lay men. IJfE EXTENDS THE I DEBT TO GERMAN SCHOLARSHIP RESEARCHE8 MADE BY TEU TON SCHOLARS INTO REMAINS OF IRISH LITERATURE—ZEUSS, WINDISCH, KUNO MEYER AND OTHERS UNEARTHED VERITA BLE MINE OF LITERARY TREAS URES—RESULT WAS REVIVAL OF IRISH NATIONAL PftlDE IN ANCIENT GLORIES. John H. Jordan, the noted author, contributes an interesting article to I^Hues of Today." He says in part: Irish Debt to Germany. The debt that Ireland owes to Ger man scholarship for what she has gained so far in the direction of re establishing her national independ ence is not generally recognized by the world at large. German phllologi al and literary research has reveal ed to the Irish the golden treasury of their ancient speech. It has brought to light a literature and a culture, the fruits of a civilization in far-off cen turies before the night and blight of British brutality fell upon that unhap py land. It is true that native scholars had discovered an occasional glimmer of the glorious days, but it is due almost wholly to Germans that indubitable documentary proofs of the happier era have come to light. It is through the possession of these proofs that a con quering faith in their race has sprung up in Irish hearts—a faith that .has carried them forward in triumph to the treaty establishing the Irish Free State. For seven centuries, etery means known to the oppressor operated to break the spirit of the Irish race. De feat in battle, confiscation of their land, the creation of a nation of serfs out of joint owners of their native soil, the delivery of the lands and the backs of a once proud people to the scourge of avaricious^ unsympathetic foreign landlords and masters, gross In their ignorance of culture in any senre, and especially of the culture and the history of the people to whom hey were sent as a curse. Education Banned in Ireland. In Ireland, education was banned by rulers who had next to no education of their own. The penal laws placed a price of £10 upon the head of a schoolmaster caught teaching a na tive child. Opportunities for educa tion were offered only :ege, to the children or descendants of Englishmen resid ing within the pale or area of British control. But even some of these, na tives of Ireland, grew up to be full grown Irishmen, and it was found nec essary in consequence to establish such institutions as Trinity college to annul the natural law of the nation alization of natives. Until 1828—less than a hundred years ago—seven eighths of the population of the island were disfranchised, and the eloquent O'Connell, the author of the Catholic Emancipation Act, had to go to the continent to receive an education. Im mediately after the passage of this act, the "National" School System was established. It was designed by the Anglican Archbishop Whately, in league with the devil, for a diabolical purpose. This system was deliberate ly designed by that churchman to wring everything Irish out of the soul of the Irish child. No Irish history antedating 11R9, the year of the Brit ish intrusion, was permitted to be taught, and the history subsequent to that fell date was written by the spir itual ancestors of the revisers of Amer ican school "histories" for the "Amer ican" Book Company. The Irish children who attended the "national" schools were taught that Iheir people were barbarians until the civilized English came and brought with them the blessings of British law. They were taught to despise their own ancient and expressive language, and tablets were hung around their necks on which were tallied the number of Irish words they had uttered during the day. In the evening, each little Innocent was lifted upon the back of a fellow pupil and given a stroke of a rawhide for every stroke found upon his tablet. In this way, the language of their ancestors was literally whaled out of the Irish children who attended the Whately "national" schools Coincident with this debasement of the Irish soul, arose O'Curry and O'Donovan, eminent self-taught Gaelic scholars and antiquarians, who made known the vast treasures of ancient Irish manuscripts that had escaped the hands of the vandal invader. It seemed unthinkable to even educat ed Englishmen that the Celts ever pos sessed an ancient literature, and when MacPherson's "Ossian" appeared, Dr. Johnson, the "great cliam of litera ture." deliberately closed his mind against the thought. Some German Scholars. While the British were reveling In ^their proud ignorance, German schol ars were .busy delving into ancient Irish manuscripts. Johann Casper Zeuss, turning over old tomes in the monastery of St. Gall, discovered glosses in a strange language written under Latin words in the texts. He found that those words were Irish. With true German tenacity and tire less industry, he collected a dictionary Svhich enabled him to translate man uscripts writteu wholly in Irish. From ithese he culled gVammatical forms, prepared paradigms of verbs, declen sional forms of nouns and adjectives, etc., until he had evolved a complete grammar ot the language. His monu mental work, "Grammatica Celtica," in two large octavo volumes of nearly Rev: Dr. Joseph Pohle, professor of P,200 page?, embracing not only the dogmatic theology at the University of 'grammar of Irish, the most important Breslau, is dead in that city. He was language of the Celtic group, but the in the 70th year of his age. His name grammars of Scottish Gaelic, Manx, has become familiar to American Cornish, Welsh and Breton, and which priests by his famous "Handbuch der ,appearel the middle of the last which was ,century, translated & Irlsh philo,ogy. Zeuss w lowed Into laid firmly the foundations of 4 1 -Hre I A** ••ytyy Zeuss had pointed out that the Gae$ helic Celts had given rhyme to thjft' poetry of the world, and WindiscHj with his grammar and his series of 014' and Middle Irish texts, with his GejV man translations, showed the develop, ment of the Short Story in ancient Irdfe. land fifteen hundred years before ft" man of Irish blood (?), Edgar Allen Poe, had impressed the mark of hii genius upon this most modern for4ft 3f literature so recently perfected the I'n'ted States. y louglas Hyde, son of an Anglica|i Clergyman of County Sligo, was onifx,., af the Irishmen upon whom the df* nationalizing influence of Trinity coil* Dpblin, acted as a cbuntet4n*£ taut. There he learned Qermao. Revival at Home. Eugene O'Growney tfid riot knofF that there was an Irish language until he went to the Catholic college at Maynooth. This discovery and his fuf-t ther investigation into the work doriif by the German savants gave a purpose to his life work which became the rfr* vlval of the Irish language, and thvls in turn has given to his people nev9r to be forgotten by I hem a name of all otherwise obscure country curate. Dr. Douglas Hyde, an Anglican minister's son, and Rev. Eugene O'Growney, a Roman Catholic priest, joined hands for the'r fatherland in founding tlie aelic Lerigue, a non-sectarian and a non-religious organization whose pur pose was the revival of the national anguage and the de-Anglicization of he Irish people, and a new era had dawned in Ireland. German scholars had come over to Ireland to learn tlie language, and incidentally their pres ence gave a new heart and hope to he Irish people. Dr. Hyde took Zi$W, mer and Kuno Meyer to the Isles of Vrran to learn the living language from the people who speak their an ient speech in its pristine pur'tjf. This stream of German scholars 1 Erin Looks Up. ju j.- The revival of ancient custonjaj tumes, music and art was the of the racial pride which came with the language revival. Three journal^ in the Irish language appeared quick succession. The first one \n Irisleabhar Gaedhilge, or Gaelic Journal, a purely literary a»d philological publication, edited Prof. John MacNeil. Next appeared An Claidheamh Solnis, or The Swolffi of Light, so named from a literary, il lusion in an ancient wonder-tale.: 'It was edited by Padraic Pefcrce, th$i» the most pacific of men, who wrote lit erary articles therein of high critical value. $• AH that the Irish have attained lifts rown out of their language revi|kt, which drew its breath of life from tike philological and literary discoveries of Gferman savants. The Irish recog nize the debt they owe to these men of German blood for awakening them to a new national consciousness, to a racial pride and self-confidence which has carried them onward to the vic tory they have attained after a fvght that has endured seven hundred alft fifty-two years. OTLLU HWNUIE LUF Babe Ruth, the champion home rnn hitter, is a Holy Name man, accord ing to the Holy Name Journal. He makes It a practice to go to CommUli ion with a Holy Name branch in the •ity in which he happens to, b»*v«ry second Sunday, sums wiiioras Students In Marquette Tniversity, Milwaukee, have vplunleered to teach iroups of workingmen in the Catho lic parishes of the city, using as ttieif ext the Catechism of the Social Qiies ion issued by the Social Action De* tartment of the National Catholic Wel fare Council. This summary of Catb lic principles as applied to the »o •ial problems of the day has been one the Marquette students' text-book®, tnd fchey now obtain for its safe and -ane program wide circulation among Catholic workers. MGR. O'HARE'S #J ij*" S] eializing in Gaelic taught the Irii that they had a cultivated languaajp and a literature locked away in maajr thousands of ancient manuscripts thfctt had come down from a glorious paiet of which any people might well fefl proud. Von Schlegel's words, "No language, no nation," became a motto of the Gaelic League. With the opening of the new century came an intensive de velopment of the Irish language. Lf)|fc» guage classes were formed everjfp where. The study of Irish was eveli forced into the "National" schools, which were reluctantly compelled t,o give credit marks and prizes for ptd* ficiency. Societies were formed, co^h posed of members who pledged theitt elves to converse with one another only in Irish under a self-imposed pen ally for every "offense." A great quant'ty of ancient literature that hid been transmitted orally from genera tion to generation, as the Homeric poems, was Tescued and written dotfn by Douglas Hyde, O'Malley and oth ers. In this way they.preserved matky. fine poems and stories not found j$ tant manuscripts. "i JUBILEE The Right Kiev. Monsignor Pi^ti^k. ?. (VHare, rector of St. Anthony of Padua church in Brooklyn, observed he fiftieth anniversary of his- oi?d! nation this week. Oa Sunday, Mgr. O'Hare celebrated solemn high Mass, with Bishop Molloy in attendance. 'Isx. O'Hare is known as a forceful Treacher and vigorous writer. His vork, "The Facts About Luther," :ls-: •ued at the time of the Luther quadri entennial, received national projnl 'ence. Mgr. O'Hare was ordainfs^in. 1312. .... ,. ,.v^.