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Solemn services were held Friday morning. Fitting tribute was ren dered Mother Joseph who has been the presiding genius of the great in stitution for many years*s A steady stream of visitors wended its way through the immense structure all day. In the evening a banquet was Served to five hundred leading men of Rochester and vicinity. Many speak ers voiced their admiration for the famous hospital which has achieved world renown through, the wond£*ful work of the distinguished surgeons, Dr. C. H. Mayo and Dr. W. J. Mayo. Among those who addressed the as sembled notables were Bishop Heffron of Winona, Dr. Judd, Dr. Wilson, Dr. W. J. Mayo, together with senators, ministers and men noted in every branch of business and professional life. Established in 1889. The hospital of St. Mary owes its origin to the Sisters of St. Francis who, with Mother Mary Alfred at their head, established themselves in Rochester in 1877. The plan to open a hospital there became an actuality When the institution registered its first patient on September 30, 1889. The first operation there was per formed that morning by the Mayo brothers, their father, Dr. W. W. Mayo, administering the anaesthetic. From that moment the hospital has grown steadily until now it shelters, cares for and witnesses operations for many thousands of persons each year. Tliese afflicted come from every part of the world. They repre sent all classes of society and every walk in life. Equal attention is given A jtMESCENDANT OF IRISH OFFICER APPOINTED APOSTOLIC DBi** EGATE OF DANZIG. The Pope has appointed Mgr. QUESTION ANSWER la tfili iW-pnrimi-iu »iu»'nioiiM of K*'nernl inttrfNt in rexurd to rellgtim trill ke HNneml mth week in 1hi order in which they are received. All cotumunU cation* 111 iikt l»e NiKniMl, tliounh the nnnic will not he iiuhllnhed. Addremi "QueitluD and Answer," care The Catholic Uulletin, 815 Newton Iildif., St. Paul, (a) May Catholics be married by a priest without having their banns pub lished when the man is ordered away on business and wishes to be married before going and everything must be done in a short time? (b) How long, according to the teaching of the Church, should persons be engaged before marriage? (aj Though the Church strictly en forces the publication of the banns of marriage, still, as in her other laws, she is most reasonable and will dis pense from it for a serious and weighty reason, (h) The Church does not determine the length of time for engagements. It is commonly held that engagements should not be too long. Ordinarily speaking, in our opinion llicy should not exceorl a year. This gives ample time for both par ties to find out if they would make suitable partners and thus be happy jo. married lite, wiiidi, after.all,,is the fene object of cngapeniontsC NEW ADDITION TO ST. MARY'S HOSPITAL, ROCHESTER, MINN., OPENED LAST WEEK—COST $2r 250,000—IS LATEST ACHIEVE MENT AT GREAT MAYO CENTER —IN CHARGE OF SISTERS OF ST. FRANCIS—LAST WORD IN IN TERIOR HOSPITAL DETAIL FINDS PERFECTION HERE. On Friday of last week tU« mag nificent new hospital addition to St, Mary's group at Rochester, Mirth,, was opened to the public. Appro-1 priate ceremonies marked the oc casion which drew together men and women prominent in many fields Five thousand persons attended the opening of the structure which in ar rangement and surgical equipment Will be the finest in the world. Erected by Sisters. This building was erected by the Sisters of St. Francis who are in charge of the hospital. It is the sixth addition to the world famous center which saw its beginning in the late W's. Ed ward O'Rourke, the titular Bishop of Canea, to be Apostolic Delegate in Danzig, according to a dispatch. Mgr. O'Rourke is a pure bred Rus sian. He was born in 1876 at Basin, in the Russian diocese of Minsk, of a Russian father whose name and an cestry are distinctly Irish. After the Russian Revolution and the founda tion of the Baltic Republic of Latvia er Lettland, the Church was reor ganized by the foundation of the See of Riga in 1918, with Mgr. O'Rourke as its first bishop, and subject im mediately to the Holy See. In 1920 the bishop consecrated his successor Mgr. Springowicz, and was himself ap pointed by the Pope to the titular See of-Canea. The new delegate is a man of abounding energy. DIOCESE OF LEAD I Bray ton: The new church was blessed by the* Right Reverend Bishop last week. A class of children and adults was also confirmed. It is cer tainly a great happiness for the peo ple to have a neat little church in which to worship instead of holding services in private homes as was the enstom in the past. Chance: Bishop Lawier accom panied by Father McNamara visited this mission last week for the pur: pose ot dedicating the new church' and administering the Sacrament of CfNtfirmattaB' The Bishop was de- y Should a girl enter the convent against her mother's wishes? No girl who is of age should hesi tate for a moment to enter the re ligious life unless her mother has very strong and just reasons for objecting, i. e., because the girl's financial aid may be really necessary at the time. Otherwise, the protests and objections of unreasonable parents based on sel fish motives and on worldly grounds, should have no weight. When, there fore, parents are unwilling without sufficient reason, a young lady is per fectly justified in following out .her Divine vocation. Under circumstances of this kind, we must obey God rather than men and hold before our mind's eye the words of Christ: ''He who loves father or mother more than Me is not worthy of Mo." Matt. 10:17. It. would he well for the young lady in quotition to bring the matter to the at tention of her confessor who will be in a bettor position to judge after he has teamed all tlie facts of thi nase World's Premier Surgical Building to the poorest as well as the richest or most prominent. The name of the Mayo brothers has become a house hold word throughout the medical world, and all the greatest societies and academies of science have shower ed them with honors and degrees. The work of the surgeons and of the sis ters has been veritably phenomenal. Dr. Lorenz, the famous Austrian sur« goon, some years ago declared that the two greatest phenomena in Atiier ica were Niagara Falls and the Mayo clinic at Rochester. •Mother Mary Joseph. A large part of the credit for I i success rests upon the devoted nuns who have achieved remarkable results as a consequence of their science, skill and religious qualities of pa tience and tenderness. Mother Mary Joseph, however, has been the guid ing spirit of the institution, and to her genius for administration must be accredited a distinct share in the general upbuilding of this famous center. As Dr. W. J. Mayo declared, "The knowledge gained as nurse, op erating room assistant and matron of the hospital, brought out those quali ties of mind and heart and hand which have made her one of the fore most authorities of the world in hos pital work." Building Cost $2,250,000. The new building fully equipped cost about $2,250,000 the completed structure gives an addition of 350 more beds. The number of patients has risen from 62 the first year to? nearly nine thousand yearly. The new surgical pavilion is shaped like a capital U. It is seven stories high, exclusive of a generous base ment. The building is designed in Renaissance style,, of rough, brown brick, trimmed with Indiana limestone. Entrance to the building is from the general offices in the administration group. The very latest and most scientific ideas in construction are apparent throughout the interior. There are eleven operating rooms, each with its gallery for visiting physicians. Serv ing rooms are found on each floor, steam-heated food carts conveying the food to the patients in their rooms where it is served piping hot. Large thoroughly equipped labora tories afford every facility for indi vidual research, and a corps of expert technicians is ever on hand for prompt, and efficient service. Sanitary arrangements in each room and department are perfect in every detail. Heating is accomplished by direct radiation through a vacuum system. In a word, the best medical thought has been centered In the per fecting of this hospital so that it easily stands at the head of medical centers of the world. lighted with the work accomplished here and he promised a pastor for this district in order that, this place and others in^ the neighborhood may enjoy the privilege of hearing Mass more frequently on Sundays. He said he would make it possible for them to hear Mass on the Lord's day. Bison: Confirmation was adminis tered here during the past week by the Right Reverend Bishop. The fact that a rectory was purchased recently by this small congregation and paid for pleased him very much. Meadow: There was a large class of adults and children for Confirma tion in this mission when the Bishop visited here a few days ago. Lemmon: In his visitation of this deanery Bishop Lawler paid a special visit to the Catholic school and ex pressed himself as highly pleased with the progress made. DIOCESE OF SIOUX FALLS Elkton: On May day an anniver sary solemn Requiem Mass was sung in the Church of Our Lady of Good Counsel for the repose of the soul of the late beloved pastor, Monsignor Sheehan. Father Durkin celebrated the Mass, assisted by Fathers Doyle and Shean. On Sunday, May 7, a very impres sive ceremony took place at th« Church of Our Lady here. Im mediately after the early Mass twen ty-two young ladjes were solemnly received into the Sodality of the Blessed Virgin Mary. A short and timely discourse was given by the pastor. Father Shean, and after the ceremony the To Dcura was sung by the entire congregation. St. Mary's Sodality now numbers over 125 mtim beft. .»*, 4 M!H DAKOTA K. OF C. STATE CONVENTION TO BE HELD ON MAY 22—SPECIAL PLANS4 ARE PROPOSED FOR WELFARE WORK FOR BOYS—LIST OF 8TATE OFFICERS, Boys' work will be given a promi nent place on the program for the state convention of the Knights of Columbus to be held in Grand Forks, N. D., May 22, it is announced. State Deputy M. S. Hyland of Fargo, in a pre-conve'ntion statement to members of the order in this state, has point ed out the need of a program in boys' work and a special committee will make recommendations to the state convention. Some councils in the state have provided athletic head quarters for boys while others havef sponsored boy scout troops. State officers will be present. They are Howard J. Monley, Grand Forks, past state deputy M. S. Hyland Fargo, state deputy S. W. Callahan, Williston, state secretary John Shee han, Langdon, state treasurer E. J. Hughes, Dickinson, state advocate F. K. Mallick, Jamestown, state warden the Rev. V. J. Ryan, Fargo, state chaplain James A. Garrity, Moor head, Thos. B. Murphy, Minot, and J. P. Cain, Dickinson, district deputies. "Grand -Forks has arranged for a re ception for the visiting delegates Sat urday evening, May 20. An initiation, during which the first three degrees of the order will be exemplified on Sunday and Monday, will be given over -entirely to the state meeting. BACK TO GOB ATHEISTS CEASE THEIR PREACH ttJG IN LONDON PARKS—CATM. OLICS SPREAD RELIGION. Atheism as a topic of,, popular in terest has absolutely fallen fiat in London, according to a report pub lished by the Christiah Evidence So ciety. The extent to which the public has lost all interest in organized Athe ism is gauged by the falling-off of both attendance and meetings held in Hyde Park, one of the favorite spots for open-air meetings. Before the war, certain corners of this great public park, both on Sun days and weekdays, were thronged by crowds who listened open-mouthed to the fiery denunciations of Christians and Christianity from the atheistical platforms. Now the visitor to Hyde Park in search of open-air propaganda will find that the place of the Atheist haranguers has been taken by Catho lic speakers, members of the Catholic Evidence Guild, who pitch their plat forms on the very spot where the Atheists formerly congregated. KING Hin HI In keeping with the ancient cus torn of the Wittelsbacher, the heart of King Ludwig of Bavaria, who died last year, has been removed from the body and taken to Altoetting and de posited in the chapel there. This chapel contains a statue of the Blessed Virgin placed there in the eighth cen tury. For centuries the chapel has been the objective of thousand# pilgrims. STUDENTS OHM!! COMPLETE ROLL OF GRADUATES —'TERCENTENARY OF IN STITUTION. The newspapers connected with the National Catholic Welfare Council News Service have been requested by the Rector of the famous Missionary College of Propaganda, Rome, to lend their assistance to a world-wide effort to put every living graduate or student of the Propaganda in touch with his Alma Mater. The College of Propaganda will celebrate in the year 1927 the three hundredth anniversary of its founding, and as a remote prep aration for this highly important event Alma Mater, the college annual, is making a special move to enroll every living Propagandist. As the students and graduates of this great college are scattered throughout all parts of the world and are members of practically every race and nation under the sun, this universal enroll ment is a tremendous task and the Catholic press has been called upon to lend its aid to make it successful. 0-tlPKS ZIU FRENCH WOMEN OPEN SUB SCRIPTION FOR FORMER SOV EREIGty—MAY RESIDE Id 'ENG LAND. (By N. C. W. C. News ServiCQ.) A public subscription for the benefit of the ex-Empress Zita has been opened by the great women's organi zation known as the "Ligue Patrio tique des Francaises." The notice of the League says: An exiled mother, awaiting her eighth child the League be-i lieves that it is fulfilling the wishes of all by opening a subscription, the results of which will be placed in the cradle of the new-born babe." Several newspapers, notably the "Libre Parole," have taken the mat ter up. The Ligue Pwtriotique des Fran caises has over 500,000 members divid ed into groups of ten. If. as stated in many European papers, the ex-Empress Zita should settle in England, she will spend her life in semi-seclusion with her eldest sister, who is a nun in the Bencdic tine Convent of St. Cecilia on the Isle of Wight THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, MAY 20, 1922 SHIPS FOR SISTERS cop A perpetual scholarship at the Sis ters College of the Catholic Universi ty, to remain at the disposal of a member of the community of the Sis ters of St. Joseph, at Chestnut Hill, Pa., has been presented to the Right Rev. Thomas J. Shahan, rector of the University, by the Alumnae Associa tion of Chestnut Hill. The scholarship is for $10,000, of which $5,000 has been paid. Similar gifts from other alumnae associations, in behalf of members of the communi ty that taught them, are expected by the Rev. Dr. Patrick J. McCormick, head of the Sisters College, in view of widespread requests for information regarding such scholarships. HONOR FALUN HERO BODY OF LIEUT. NEIL DONOHUE ARRIVES IN ST. PAUL—BURIAL FROM ST. LUKE'S CHURCH. The body of Lieutenant Neil Dono hue, son of Mr. and Mrs. John H. Donohue, 1481 Summit avenue, who died of wounds in France arrived in St. Paul last week. Lieutenant Donohue, an alumnus of Cretin and Mechanic Arts high school and of the University of Minnesota, was well known in the Twin Cities, and practiced law until he attended the first officers' training camp at Fort Snelling. He volunteered at Camp Dodge for immediate service overseas with the Rainbow division, and sailed in Octo ber, 1917. He was on active service from February 23, 1918, until wound ed by a German shell near Thiacourt in the St. Mihiel drive. He died of wounds at the base hospital at Toul, October 10, 1918. Funeral services were held from St. Luke's church, May 12. He is survived by his parents, two brothers, John H. Donohue, Jr., and Dr. Philip F. Donohue, and three sis ters, Grace, Florence and Edith Don ohue. Interment was In Calvary cemetery. IRISH BISHOPS ON IRELAND (Con tin noil from page 4.) moralization spreading, but the eco nomic security of the nation stands in imminent peril, with its concomitant of unemployment and hunger. Free Soul of Ireland. "We can hardly believe it possible that the 'Military Executive' are in earnest when they claim the right, if they like, to suppress the election by force of arms,' to shoot their own brothers and fire upon their own fathers and mothers, when engaged in the exercise of their civil rights. "What is this but -to murder the free soul Of Ireland, and what national crime more shameful and wicked and more calculated to disgust the world and make our fair name a byword among the nations? "This whole system of military despotism is detestable and unbear able to our people, who regard it with horror and disgust, and are beginning, because of it, to abhor the very name of men whom but yesterday they loved and gloried in. A National Uprising. "The impressive protest made against it by the Labor world on Mon day last commands universal admira tion. That protest of Labor is but the first rurhbling of a general upris ing of the nation against this attempt on the part of a few to trample in the dust our most sacred rights as Irish men. "For the free life of the country is at stake by the operation of these fatal principles. It is for the people as a body to assert themselves, and save Ireland, save their own rights, their lives, their property, and their homes from wanton violation and de struction. "They should make their voices heard from one end of Ireland to the other. Digging Freedom's Grave. "Irishmen all over the world expect it of us that we will not allow free dom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of election, freedom of civil life—in all its branches—to be stifled by a few because they have guns in their hands and foolishly think they are acting as the champions of liberty when they are but digging freedom's grave. "We expect the priests by kindly influence to support the people in the assertion of their rights, and to win our young men so truly loved by us all from evil tenets and evil ways. "Lastly, we appeal in the name of God, of Ireland, and of national dig-j nity, to the leaders on both sides, civil I and military, to meet again, to re member old fellowship in danger and suffering, and if they cannot agree upon the main question, to agree upon two things, at all events, and publish their agreement authoritatively to the world—that the use of the revolver must cease, and the elections, the na tional expression of self-determination be allowed to he held, free from all violence. "The man who fails to hearken to this appeal, made not so much by us as by Ireland, will carry with him to the grave an odious and a dreadful responsibility." The signatories are:—Cardinal Logue, (Armagh) Dr. Byrne, (Dub lin) Dr. Harty, (Cashel) Dr. Gilmar tin, (Tuam) Dr. O'Donnell, (At tania) Dr. Brownrigg, (Ossory) Dr. Browne, (Cloyne) Dr. Hoare, (Ar dagh) Dr. Foley, (Kildare) Dr. Kelly. (Ross) Dr. 0*Dea, (Galway) Dr. Fogarty, (Killaloe) Dr. Gaugh ran, (Meath) Dr. M'Huglr, (Derry) Dr. M'Kenna, (Clogher) Dr. Finegan, (Kilmore) Dr. Morrisroe, (Achonry) Dr. Nausrhton, (Killala) Dr. Coyne, (Elphin) Dr. Cohalan, (Cork) Dr. MacRory, (Down) Dr. Hackett, (Wa terford) Dr. Mulhcrn, (Dromore): Dr. O'Sullivan, (Kerry) Dr. Codd, (Ferns) -Dr. Hallinan, (I^imgricKJ I Dr. O'Doherty, (Clonfert). s y .. -. v*.- 33w JOHN C. FLANAG^H Sec'y and Treat. St. Paul's Favorite Shop for Men Here you will find carefully selected merchandise of superlative quality and rea sonably priced comprising Complete Lines of Distinctive Custom Tailoring, Men's Furnishings, Hats and Caps. Norlm-Flanagan, Wagner Inc. 49 East 5th Street, St. Paul Frederic Hotel Bldg "The etore where you CANNOT be dissatisfied" CHOICE LANDS For general farming purposes, improved and unimproved, close to Garrison, North Dakota. Cath olic colony is being loeated here now and great development is taking place. Prices very reason able. For free report write JOHN J. BEHLES, Garrison, North Da kota, or Secretary of Catholic Colonization Society, U. S. A., 155 N. Clark St., Chicago, 111. Invest your savings in well se lected first mortgages on improv ed farms. JOHN J. BEHLES, Garrison, N. D. J. A. WELCH CO. General Job A PRINTING 4th Floor Peoples Bank IXTH AND WABASHA" ST. Paul., Minnesota MAIL ORDERS SOLICITED WE PRINT EVERYTHING Neatly Promptly Economically JA AFTER THE VACUUM WHAT? WHEN YOU DISCOVER THAT YOUR VACUUM CLEANER HAS DONE ITS BEST, BUT THE COLORS IN YOUR RUGS AND CARPETS LOOK DULL AND LIFELESS, THEN WHAT? A THOROUGH CLEANING IS THEN NECESSARY TO GET AT THE SEAT OF THE TROUBLE. OUR CARPET WORK IS CAREFULLY DONE AND LEAVES YOUR RUGS CLEAN AND .SWEET LIKE WHEN NEW Dale—Fifty»Fifty—Tow«r 50-30 ft. Minnehaha Cleaners 792 Grand Ave. ffofeony GoftfofiJRuie Choice Lake Minnetonka Lots 1000 lots at Mound, 300 lots near Catholic Church. PROBABLY THE LAST OPPORTUNITY TO MJ¥ LAKE LOTS NEAR CATHOLIC CHURCH. We offer hundreds of good lots at Mound at prices and terms within the reach of all. Over three miles of shore line. Over 100 houses built at Mound last year and prospects for 200 bouses this season. 10 daily trains in the summer at cheap rates. Mound Development Company •PERKINS & STEWART, Agent* 415 Masonic Temple, Minneapolis, and Mound, Minn. References Rev. Francis Jager Pastor at Mound. Mound 8tate Bank. PIANOS COLUMBIA GRAFONOLAS, RECORDS SHEET MUSIC and INSTRUMENTS Mow «nd CatakauM free an apptiattioit •49 SO. HURLEY-MOREN-FRANK CO. 8th STREET. MINNEAPOLIS, MINN. The E. M. LOHMANN CO. Church Goods and Religious Articles Framed Pictures, Prayer Books Rosaries, Medals, Books, Greeting Cards Gift Novelties of all descriptions 385 ST. PETER STREET ST. First National Bank Minneapolis Capital and Surplus $10,000,000 Organized 1864 PAUL, MINNESOTA .00 FUNERAL DIRECTORS worsens embalmers |/|f LADY ASSISTANT & Son 49 W. 9th Street ST. PAUL 63t£Payne Ave.