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holicmilullc till. OrPICIAL P/Ai biv OP THE ARCH DIOCESE OP ST. PAUL, THE DIO CESE OP DULUTH AND THE DIO CESE OF HELENA, MONTANA. Published by Yh« Catholle Bulletin Pnbllnhln* Co. and Issued every Saturday from 141 E. Fifth Street, St. Paul. Minn. Business office: 315 Newton Bldg., Fifth and Minnesota Streets, St. Paul, Minn. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: *2.00 a year payable in advance $2.50 a year to foreign countries Advertising Rates on Application. All advertisements are under edlto rial supervision. None but reliable Arms and reputable lines of business are advertised and recommended to our readers. A mention of THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN When writing to advertisers, will be mutually beneficial. The mailing label on your paper Is a receipt for your subscription, and a re mainder of the date of its expiration. To insure change of address, the sub scriber must give the old, as well as llie new, address. Remittance may be made by Draft, Post Office or Express Money Order, or Registered better, addressed to THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, 815 Newton Bldg., St. Paul, Minnesota Rev. James M, Renrtlnn, Editor-in-Chief Rev. C. F\ McCiniils, Ph. D„ Associate Editor Harry Locheed. Advertising Manager Entered as second-class matter, Jan uary 12, 1911, at the post office, St. Paul, Minn., under Act of March 2, 1879. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized September 13, 1918. SATURDAY, JULY 29, 1922 Speaking of the styles of his day, Oliver Wendell Holmes wrote: "Takes a whole piece o' goods to cover a girl up now-a days 1 'd as lief undertake to keep a span of elephants—and take au ostrich to board, too—as to marry one of 'em." Oliver could save money today and "marry one of 'em" into the bargain. A St. Paul doctor is worried over the custom, growing among a certain class of women, of smok ing cigarettes and wearing knick erbockers in public. Says the doc lor: "The next thing there will be no mothers and no wives in our civilization." Does our civili zation really need such speci mens! Better that they die off without perpetuating tlieir kind A correspondent of the English Church Times, who recently vis ited Ypres, describes the work of restoration going on there and says: "One can commend the Belgians for the practical way they have faced the problem of reconstruction. They appear not to be filled with a mercenary spir it—they have 110 desire to trade 011 the horrors of war, but prefer to obliterate its cruel scars and turn their fruitful land into fertile usefulness.'' The Catholic Citizen quotes fig ,ures to show that the largest twelve cities in the United States, have, with the exception of Balti more and Los Angeles, more Cath olics in their population than all other denominations combined. In New York, Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, St. Louis. Pittsburgh, San Francisco and Buffalo, there are twice as many Catholics as Protestants. It then asks, "What effect should such a matter have on llie tone of the great metropoli tan dailies:"' It all depends on the quality of the Catholics. Organization of an Anti-Ku TClux Ivlan is being effected in Springfield, Mo., and a member ship approximately five hundred is claimed by the officers. Organ izers have been moving silently and swiftly and shrouding their actions with great secrecy. An open air meeting was held by the new organization in a field four miles southwest of there. Motor car headlights and torches fur 'nished the light by which the members moved and conducted their ceremonies. Klux and anti Klux. Kluck, Kluek! Automobile accidents caused the death of -12.500 persons in this country last year—one death every forty-two minutes, day and night—and more than 300,000 persons were injured. Although accidents in general traffic are de creasing, automobile crashes in creased in 1921 about 4 per cent over 1920, and the percentage this year is growing higher. These statements were made by the Xa lional Bureau of Casualty and Surety Underwriters, which has begun a campaign «to cut down the number of accidents. Here again is the "meddling hand" of the Vaticani At the suggestion of the Pope the Italian government has taken steps to check the evil of divorce, observes the Witness. Of late FHume has become another Reno. Italians desiring a divorce had only to cross the bay and assume citizen ship in that place. The Italian government has decreed that no one shall be reinstated in Italian citizenship who has forsaken it for the purpose of securing a divorce. Tliei*e is a point that our lfw ma^s would do well to heed. .. ft V* bigots of Michigan Ttie are gnashing their teeth, says the Catholic Telegraph, of Cincinnati. Some of them are using "cuss words." They have been con founded, humiliated, put to shame. Last year they made a strenuous effort to abolish the parochial schools of the Wolverine State and a couple of weeks ago, when a contest was held under the auspices of the Commercial SeeV tion of the State Teachers' Asso ciation, a parochial school pupil won the amateur stenographer championship of the entire com monwealth. Agnes Kelly, of St. Patrick School, conducted by the Sisters of St. Joseph at Haiiedek, Michigan, was the victor. She iirst defeated all competitors in her own district, comprising four counties in the Upper Peninsula, and then, in the State contest, sur passed one hundred contestants, who had qualified for the competi tion by winning first or second place in their respective districts. THE INDEX SPEAKS. The Roman Congregation of the Holy Office, which now handles the work of the former congrega tion of the Index, occasionally singles out the book of some author and places it 011 the for bidden list. This means that such writings are not to be read by Catholics. It may happen that the very denunciation itself will serve as a form of advertisement to the curious: but the sterling believer will follow the command of his religion and avoid such per nicious literature. It cannot be proved that Catholics will read such works with greater avidity: on the contrary, every loyal sub ject of the Church will view the condemnation with the obedience which he shows to every decree of legitimate religious authority. Thus, the other day reports from Rome indicate that the works of Anatole France, the well known French author, have been placed on the Index of forbidden books. The reasons assigned point to the flippancy and irrever ence towards religion that have characterized the literary output of this writer. The tendency to belittle the truths of revelation, to east obloquy upon the practices and devotions of the faithful, and to sneer at genuine piety, all are more than sufficient to brand such books as unsuited and positively hurtful to the spirit of faith. Formerly it was considered a lawful pastime among certain writers to hurl invectives against the congregation of the index. Time and thought, however, have brought about a change. Covem inents consider it a bounden duty to forbid publications that are in jurious to morals or the allegiance which every citizen owes to his country. Societies will not toler ate books or papers that reflect upon their character or the integ rity of their members. So it happens that when the Church declares that such or such a book is forbidden to her chil dren. all loyal Catholics will re ceive the decree with due submis sion. nay, with gratitude for this protecting aegis extended by a loving mother over the hearts and minds of her children. JUSTICE IN WOELD. One of the chief causes of social unrest is the lack of real justice among men. Certain creatures are so constituted that they seek ever to dominate, to crush and to deny to others what they so ar dently endeavor to acquire for themselves. With some it is a love of moneyothers yearn after power, while not a few burn with ambition, generated by envy and jealousy, to appear, not to be, better than their fellow men. Such persons—one and all—are sadly deficient in the very ele ments of human justice, let alone of Christianity. There are men in the world to day who rise above the majority by reason of superior talents, abil ity and intrinsic worth. These qualities and attributes have pro duced results. The race is the better for the lives of these bene factors who have shed their benef icent helpfulness far and wide. The thinking world, however, shudders at the thought of such colossal self-seekers as an Alexan der. a Napoleon, a Tamerlane and a host of lesser conquerors. Tri umph for these scourges meant but the oppression of nations and the destruction of human life. The small-frv imitators of the great scoundrels are more numer ous. They rush and pant and fume about us every day. Bold at times, they appear in natural colors usually, however, they carry a mask: religion, politeness, apparent interest in the welfare of others, an assumed patriotism —Oh, there are a thousand dif ferent disguises taken up by the little tyrants who infest every grade of civilized society. They are real Ku Kluxers, going about stealthily, thirsting for puny glo ries, resorting to lying, trickery i God. and deceit in order to gain a tiny prestige in their own minds or in the eyes of undiscerning boobs. These, as a rule, are the men who refuse to listen to the appeals or the dictates of justice. They keep life in a turmoil for the law abiding majority. Political, social and domestic unrest can be traced directly to such antics. Let every man love and practice justice, and the ills of life, would fefc reduced to a minimum. ON CHURCH MUSIC. Last week the Catholic Bulletin printed a valuable paper on the subject of Church music. The ar ticle was from the pen of the Rev. William Busch of St. Paul Semi nary. It presented in a concise, but beautiful manner, the reasons for promoting a return to the gen uine spirit of faith as exemplified in the music of our churches. As Father Busch well remarked, the real difference between sing ing as practiced in our various churches today and music as sanc tioned by the nature of religion is that the latter is strictly, a prayer, while the former usually is an en tertainment. Man is subject to the onrush of varied and various emotions. He reacts to the external pressure ap plied, so to say, to his emotional being. While listening to sacred melody, as inspired bv the spirit of religion, he of necessity re sponds in his heart in the form of meditation and prayer. Let the choir display the flourishes of operatic music, and the auditor at once attunes his set of emotions: his reaction is one of pleasure, of enjoyment founded upon hjs love of amusement. Most of the church music of to day was produced by men who made reputations also in the thea ter. Their prime motive was to please, to entertain, to titillate the emotions and the feelings that ae tuate a man when he is enjoying himself. Merely placing sacred words beneath the notes, that might be voiced on the stage or in concert hall, does not in the least constitute church music. The soprano may soar into the empyrean, the tenor strive to reach her, the basso rumble ap proval, while the contralto plain tively begs not to be left behind: the general effect may be one of glorious, mental abandon and exalted joyousness, but it is far from the idea of prayerfulness and devotion which are becoming and proper in the house of God. When the singer, often a non Catholic at that, vociferates re peatedly, Credo, credo, credo, we have bur doubts as to the kind of creed he is making so much fuss about. We know' he doesn't mean it, and hence we fail to respond to his -theatric fervor. The Catholic Church has her own music. In fact, it was she who not only rescued and pre served what little the ancients knew7 about melody and harmony, but who also developed and per fected this art and brought it down to its present form of beauty and power. Ambrose, Bishop of Milan, in the fourth century, gave the impetus that raised the art of music to a higher plane. Gregory the Great in the sixth century founded the schola cantorum which soon spread and directed its power throughout Europe. Guido of Arezzo later developed musical notation and brought it to the state where it rests today The Miracle and Mystery plays gave rise to the chorus, the fore runner of the modern oratorio and cantata. Pontiffs and cardinals, bishops and other prelates ever fostered the growth of real musi It was only in later times that this angelic art fell into bad ways, and soon arrayed in the trappings of buckskin and mask, it entered oui churches as an entertainer, not as a penitent or worshipper. Pope Pius endeavored to re store real ecclesiastical music to the Church. His efforts were but partly successful. The objection was that what is ancient is not necessarily better. But the an swer is that what is ancient, and at the same time in conformity with the spirit of religion, is far better than that which is modern or ancient and out of harmony with the very purpose of a church and a religious service. Those who have listened to ec clesiastical chant rendered with science and feeling have 110 doubts as to the effect produced upon them by the music of the church. The choir. Or the congregation singing in unison, inspired thoughts of faith and devotion it told of heaven and God and the angels and saints it made one feel the very presence of the Most High, and it unfolded the beautv of religion by arousing sentiments and emotions of virtue and pure love. In a word, the music rendered by the average church choir of today is delightful entertainment but it falls short of the very ob ject of a choir, which is to co-oper ate in a public act of worship of •SOCIALSAND BAZAA^ From the time the ^Catholic Church was freed from the tyran ny of pagan Rome, in the fourth century, it has been customary for her children to gather from time to time on joyous occasions and to rive vent to their mirth and hap piness' in festivals. Originally these events took place 011 the feast day of a saint or the celebra tion of some great mystery of faith. Thus, the days following Christmas, Epiphany, Easter and Pentecost were always and every where a time of merry-making. Some of the quaintest and most interesting customs took their origin precisely from such days of innocent pleasure. Down through the ages to the present day the custom has per sisted, in one form or another, of holding festivities at which the faithful came together and gave themselves up to harmless enjoy ment. Thus St. Patrick's day for the Irish, St. Anthony's for the Italian, St. James' for the Span iard, and so on, have remained as proof of this age-old practice. In our modern life the same spirit has continued, although it may appear in a somewhat changed garb. The many parishes throughout America are wont to hold festivals, called socials or bazaars, at various times during the year. The motive behind the affair inav not always be the hon oring of some saint: the general spirit, however, is the same. This ever has been to give the faithful a legitimate outlet for that exu berance and love of diversion which is peculiar to every human being. When pent-up feelings are allowed to overflow in happiness in an atmosphere untainted by sinful excess, the individual is thereby not only amused but also highly benefited. Former ages had a way also of utilizing such festivals for the wel fare of religion in a material sense. Shrines, paintings, decora tions, even churches, were often the result of funds acquired from the people in their hours of play In this way a double benefit ac crued from the festival itself. So, again, today, a pleasing re suit of our social affairs held bv the different parishes is the grad ual accumulation of sufficient means to continue and to enlarge the work of religion. Churches schools and their needed equip ment derive much help, in this painless manner, from the good will and generosity of our people in their lighter and more enjoy able moments. It would seem1 to be the duty of every person, who values his faith, to take part in these fes tivals and entertainments. No excuse should be permitted to ex etnpt him from doing his part as an individual in the general work of his parish. Solidarity with his fellow Catholics demands that he not only enter into the spirit of the occasion but also contribute his share to the general cause. REV. M., EE JEROME SCHNEIDER, O. F. OF PULASKI, WIS., CAME TO AMERICA IN 1888. Rev. Jerome Schneider, O. F. M., celebrated his diamond jubilee on July 9, at Pulaski, Wis. Right Rev. Bishop Rhode of Green Bay assisted at the ceremonies. A procession formed by the Fathers and Brothers, with aco lytes and flower girls, conducted the venerable priest from the monastery to the church. The many gifts sent the reverend jubilarian were carried in procession by little girls. Father Schneider sang a High Mass of thanksgiving, and Bishop Rhode de livered a very touching discourse on the life and work of the Reverend ju bilarian. At the end of the Mass, Fa ther Schneider feelingly spoke his gratitude to all present. He then gave them the Papal blessing, having received permission from Rome. Father Schneider came to America from Poland in 1888. He introduced and built up the Polish branch of the Franciscan Order in this country. His works of piety and zeal are many and fruitful. Through them he has brought prosperity, both spiritual and tempo ral, to the Polish people among whom h» h$s labored. NOIM THE FAIR POPE NOW HONORARY PRESI DENT OF ITALY'S FAMOUS UNIVERSITY. The Holy Father has written the Bishop of Padua on the occasion of the seventh centenary of the founda tion of (he University of Padua, the famous institution which is referred to in Shakespeare's plays and in which many distinguished Catholic scholars received their training. His Holiness, in accepting an invi tation to become honorary president of the institution, speaks of the vast body of scholars and masters who have made the name of the university illustrious and of the Bishops who have gone forth from it and whose works have honored their Alma Ma ter. Shakespeare speaks of the univer sity in "The Merchant of Venice," as it is there that Portia is supposed to have gained knowledge of the law that stood her in such stead at the trial of Antonio. In "The Taming of the Shrew" he refers to "fair Padua" as the "nursery of arts." STATE SEIZES SCHOOLS ALL CATHOLIC INSTITUTIONS IN TRANSYLVANIA HAVE BEEN CONFISCATED BY GOVERNMENT —ROUMANIA STARTS ATTACK ON CHURCH AND ITS SCHOOLS. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) The Catholic schools of Transylva nia are threatened with ruin, owing to a so-called reform about to be put into effect by the Roumanian govern ment. With the operation of the new constitution, alT the private schools are to become the property of the state. The Catholic Church will lose all of its educational institutes, 11 middle, 30 secondary and about 600 primary. The loss of so many schools, it is feared, will have a disastrous ef fect on the education and morals of the Catholic people. The spirit prevailing in the Rouma nian schools is quite different from that of the Catholic Church and there is no doubt that the Roumanian teachers will leave nothing undone to alienate the Catholic youths from their Church and make them believe that the way to success will be found in their profession of the Orthodox Roumanian faith. For the sake of ma terial advantage, many undoubtedly will become renegades to their an cient faith. The Catholics in Transyl vania are nearly exclusively Hungari an, German or Slovak, and their con version to the Roumanian Orthodox creed will be the first step in their Roumanisation. The suspension of the denominational schools of these nationalities is merely a means to this end. Another blow has been dealt to the ancient Catholic Church of Transyl vania. The so-called land reform di vests the Catholics of their estates serving religious and educational pur poses. The land reform is being car ried into effect now, and the result of it is that all the Catholic foundations have been dispossessed of their prop erty. The schools and institutes main tained by the revenues of these estates must ©ease their operation. HONOR GUILD FOUNDER The papal cross, pro ecclesia et pon tifice, has been conferred upon Miss Ethel Reda Saint Barbe of London, founder of the Catholic Stage Guild for actors and actresses. Cardinal Bourne will bestow the decoration publicly at the annual convention of the guild in the Vaudeville theater, London. Miss Saint Barbe is a con vert, and was secretary of the guild from 1911 to 1917. 10 HEADJOILEGE ST. MARY'S OF KANSAS INSTALLS NEW \lU PRESIDENT. Rev. Benedict J. Rodman has been installed as president of St. Mary's college, St. Mary's, Kan. The new president is a native Kentuckian and made his early studies at Allmond University school and Presentation academy, Louisville, Ky. He then came from his home at Lebanon, Ky., to St. Mary's college, where he made his collegiate studies. He entered the Society of Jesus in 1901. From 1908 till 1913, he held the Chair of Ancient Languages in the arts department of the University of Detroit. Since 1918, Father Rodman has been vice presi dent of St. Mary's college. He now takes the office of president, formerly held by Rev. Wm. E. Cogley, who leaves to assume the duties of the dean of the School of Arts and Sci ence of the University of Detroit. Pope Pius XI has decided to send lo Brazil Monsignor Cherubini, as head of a mission to convey to the government of that country the felici tations of the Holy See on the cente nary of Brazilian independence. BID 36CTCHURCHES GREAT BOOM SEEN IN SOUTH ALL DENOMINATIONS BUSY. More than 360 church buildings, each involving a cost of $10,000 or more, have been completed or started in sixteen southern states and the District of Columbia during the past eight months, by various denomina tions. The total of the outlay for these buildings represents $23,000,000 Among the imposing structures de scribed is that being built for the Sis ters of Divine Providence at San An tonio, which will be one of the larg est Catholic churches in the south. This structure will cost $300,000 and will be connected with the college buildings and other units by corridors, each two hundred feet long. The marble altar will cost $20,000 and chimes will be placed in the bel fry and a clock on the tower. Texas leads in the church building enterprises recorded, with forty-four buildings of various denominations listed, to cost in the aggregate $3,975, 400. DEAN'S SMALL ESTATE The late Very Rev. Dean William McNulty of Paterson, N. J., who gave $2,000,000 for religious and charitable work during his life, left an estate val ued at less than one two-hundredth part of what he had given away. Most of this was left to charity. Dean McNulty's estate Is valued at $8,168. Three nieces and two grand nieces are left $250 each, and the-re mainder goes to Mount St. Joseph Memorial Home for Boys, A PROPOSED CHANGE' COMMUNION UNDER ONE 8PECIES PROPOSED BY BISHOP FCUt^ EPISCOPALIANS. Communion under one species will be proposed to the Triennial General Convention of the Episcopal Church in Portland, Ore., next September by the Rev. Dr. Charles Lewis Slattery, retiring rector of Grace church and Co adjutor-Bishop-elect of Massachusetts. Dr. Slattery will propose that there be inserted in the Book of Common Prayer the following rubric: "If for reasons which seem to him sufficient the communicant shall think he ought not to drink of the wine, let him receive the cup only into his hands, being assured that having eat en of the bread in faith he hath verily and indeed spiritually received the Body and Blood of Christ." The Episcopal Church gives both bread and wine to the laity, using a common cup for the purpose. Dr. Slattery maintains that the danger of contagion is beginning to be recog nized by the laity, and that further more in the case of those who have been addicted to excessive drinking and who have ceased indulging in liquor, the taste of the wine is likely to renew the drinking habit. CARDINAL IS DECORATED Cardinal Gasparri, Secretary of State to His Holiness, Pope Pius XI, has been decorated with the Grand Cross of the Order of the Sun by the President of Peru. HOLD K. C. CONVENTION KNIGHTS TO HAVE GREAT HIBIT AT ATLANTIC CITY. EX- The first complete peace-time edu cational exhibit of Knights of Colum bus activities has been arranged for the fortieth annual supreme interna tional convention of the K. of G„ to be held at Atlantic City, August 1, 2 and 3. The exhibit will show the work adhieved by the K. of C. national chain of free evening schools operated for the benefit of war veterans who have enrolled to the number of approxi mately 300,000 to take up technical courses and also the work of the re cently established K. of C. correspon dence school, which within four months has enrolled more than 30,000 applicants for courses in 29 different subjects of a technical nature adapt able to tuition by mail. In addition, exhibits will be display ed at the Ambassador hotel, Atlantic City, which will be the headquarters for the convention, of the K. of C. hospitalization work being conducted for the benefit of more than 25,000 veterans in 362 hospitals. FASCISTI ON RAMPAGE CLASH WITH CATHOLICS IN ITALY AND SEIZE CHURCH—EXACT MONEY FOR "PROTECTION." Italian Fascist! are adopting prac tices much akin to those of the Ku Klux Klan in the United States, and although their slogan continues to be "War on Communism," the movement has become a menace, in many parts of the country, to sane government of any kind. Catholics have frequently clashed of late with unruly Fascist! bands. Recently there was exposed in Ven ice a band of 1,200 Fascisti known as the "Cavaliers of Death," which flour ished more or less secretly for more than two years. The members of the organization, according to police re ports, wore a black Fascisti shirt dec orated with a skull and crossbonos and were armed with heavy canes. A highly successful system of intimida tion was carried out, and "protection" was promised, through printed circu lars, to the citizenry on the payment of a specified sum. One of the most recent demonstra tions against Catholics was that in which three thousand copies of the Unione Cattolica, which contained an article against the organization, were burned. In Volta Mantovana, the Fa scisti became enraged because the vil lage priest, Don Cesare Ferrari, dif fered with them politically, and they invaded the church which they held as a fortress for several days. The re sult was that the Bishop intervened and sent the priest, who had fled the town, back to his post in charge of an escort. Bit IBS CHIC URUGUAY SHOCKED BY ATTEMPT TO MURDER ARCHBISHOP. (iff N. C. W. C. News Service.) The attempted assassination of the Archbishop of Montevideo, Monsignor Aragone, aroused a feeling of horror even among Uruguayan free-thinkers. Many messages of condolence were sent the Archbishop, including one from Dr. Cantilo, governor of the Province. Monsignor Aragone is now said to be definitely out of danger. In commenting on the attempted as sassination, the Southern Cross said: "Although the blame is directly due to the madman or criminal who at tempted the foul deed, there is no small share of the responsibility on the men who have wrested religion from the people, thus removing the greatest possible bulwark against crime, namely, moral restraint." The would-be assassin, on being ex amined, explained that he was an an archist and said that if he had killed the Archbishop there would have been one less Catholic to the world TRIBUTE TO DEAN if LYNCHING "BEE" STOPPED J*V LATE PRIEST—DRAMATIC INCI DENT IN CAREER OF NEW JER SEY PASTOR IS RECALLED*— WAS AGAINST LIQUOR. The Post of Louisville, Ky., dealing with the Career of the late Dean Mc Nulty, pastor of St. John's church, Paterson, N. J., for over half a cen tury, says: The story of this man's life cannot be given, even in summary here, but there appears to be no contradiction of the fact that he has influenced Pat erson during the last half century and more as has no other citizen. Many of his parishioners were poor people, and we are told that, beginning long before national prohibition seemed probable, or even possible, Father Mc Nulty declared eternal war against the liquor traffic. One of the most dramatic incidents of the dead priest's career took place mere than 25 years ago when, almost single-handed, he extricated two offi cers of the law, guarding a murderer, from an excited mob. Ten thousand people were assembled on that occa sion bent upon a lynching, but the de termined vicar of St. John's led the prisoner through them all, and so great was his personal influence that Paterson was spared the shame of a riot. Countless other incidents are given in connection with this man's life, but we will stop with these. Is the influ ence of the Church declining? That query greets us on every side. In some places undoubtedly yes in oth ers, no. After all, the standing and influence of the Church must, in part at least, depend upon the ministers of the Church, and the churches that can command the services of such men as the dead vicar of St. John's are not likely to see their influence wane. CARDINAL 6ASQUET SAILS inssT* Cardinal Gasquet has departed for Sao Paolo, Brazil, to consecrate the new Benedictine church there. He is t|ie first foreign Cardinal to visit any South American country. DEBS LAUDS PRIEST NOTED SOCIALI8T PRAISES WORK OF LATE FATHER MI- CHAEL BYRNE. In the current issue of the Century, Eugene V. Debs pays a tribute to the memory of Father Byrne,. formerly chaplain of Atlanta prison: "The late Father Micnael J. Byrne," he writes, "of the federal prison at Atlanla, was in alL respects the finest prison chap lain I have ever known. I had no church affiliation, and for reasons of my own I rarely attended devotional exercises at the chapel, but I loved Father Byrne, and we would talk to gether many hours in my little room in the prison hospital. "Father Byrne ministered in the spirit of loving service to all alike, no matter how low some might seem in the eyes of others. He is at rest. His memory will be cherished by tne thou sands of convicts to whom he gave himself as freely and ministered as lovingly as the Nazarene Himself might have done in his place." ELECT MQIKEft GEM. Sister Inchelin, for 22 years the su perior of the Hospital of Saint Joseph in Paris, has been elected Superior General of the Sisters of Charity to re place Sister Maurice, who died recent- ly. PRIEST IS DROWNED The Rev. Sigismund Szydlowski, for the past ten years pastor of All Saints' church at Vandergrift, Pa., was drowned there while swimming in an outdoor pool at St. Vincent's collose. Death was attributed to heart disease. Father Szydlowski was educated in the parochial schools of Pittsburgh and prepared for the priesthood at Si. Vincent's, being ordained in 190r. lit addition to being pastor of All Saintb' church, which has a Polish congre gation, Father Szydlowski attended St. Casimir's Lithuanian congregation. TO HELP BUND MORE BRAILLE BOOKS ARE PLAT ED BY KENWOOD CENTER. Notable work in the transcribing of Catholic works into Braille type has been done by the Kenwood Braille Center, according to a report from Al bany, N. Y. Twenty-five copies of plated books, each costing from seventy-five to four hundred dollars, have been given to the Xavier Free Publication Socicty for the Blind, and other manuscripts are still in the Kenwood office await ing proof-reading before being sent to New York. Among these books are "The Faith of Our Fathers," by Cardinal Gib bons, "The King of the Golden City," by Mother Loyola, and "The Shepherd of the North," by Richard A. Maher. There are numerous books for chil dren included in the list. •EE ISMPMED Judge George F. Corcoran of York, Neb., has been reappointed Master of the Fourth Degree Knights of Colunfc bus for that state. The appointment, comes from Supreme Master Redd ill' of Denver and is for two yeats.