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& wimwm* Volume 12 HIS GRACE WILL ADDRESS OPEN ING SESSION OF SECOND YEAR COURSE OF WARD SYSTEM OF All persons interested in the teach ing of music in the schools are cordial LUKE HART SUCCEEDS PEL LETIER AS SUPREME ADVO CATE—OTHER SUPREME DIREC TORS WERE ELECTED. BISHOP-EUCT KIKES Rt. Rev. Michael J. Keyes will be consecrated Bishop of Savannah in Baltimore, on August 24, the feast of St. Bartholomew, the Apostle. IMOTIEJJIMY KLAN STIJ-U Archbishop To Speak MUSIC-THREE HUNDRED SIS TERS FROM VARIOUS ORDERS WILL ATTEND—CLASSES AND LECTURES TO BE HELD AT ST. THOMAS COLLEGE. The second year course in the Ward System of Music will open in the Col lege of St. Thomas, Thursday, August 17, at 9 a. m. The sessions will be held in the college auditorium. His Grace Most Reverend Austin Dowling, D. D., Archbishop of St. Paul, will de liver the opening address. The at tendance at this course will include about 300 teachers, chiefly from among the Sisters of St. Joseph, the Sisters of Notre Dame and the Benedictine Sisters, all of whom have already tak en the first year course. This system has been used in the diocesan schools here for the past year, and excellent results have been apparent. The splendid showing made by the children at the Solemn high Mass during the Diocesan Educational Congress here last June was due to the application of the principles in culcated by the Ward system. K. OF C. CONVENTION Despite the opposition of the dele gates from several states, led by prominent men of Boston and New York, and others, who openly voiced their displeasure on account of the stand taken by Supreme Knight James Flaherty in the Pelletier case, the ad ministration forces won the opening skirmish in the fight for supremacy on August 2. They elected Luke E. Hart, of Missouri, administration can didate for the office of Supreme Ad vocate, which was held for manvf yeirs by Joseph C: Pellet I^lr, WHO re signed after his disbarment by the HEARN TELLS OF INTERVIEW WITH POPE ON K. OF C. PLAY GROUNDS IN ROME. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) Pope Pius XI eagerly awaits the construction of the first of a chain of playgrounds for Italian children being constructed under the direction of the Knights of Columbus, and will per sonally bless the first playground, ac cording to Edward L. Hearn, now in charge of the Knights of Columbus work in Rome. "Pope Pius takes the keenest per sonal interest in the work which this order, at the behest of Pope Benedict, has started in Rome," said Mr. Heam. "When the Supreme Pontiff first re ceived me In audience he gave me to understand that I was to report di rectly to him on the progress of the work. He insisted that I speak to him ATHLETICS IN ITALY HOPES TO ^dauntdl by defeat-At tl lection ana subsequent Tail ELECT GOVERNOR IN OREGON ELECTION. the ^primary election ana suDsequent failure to cap ture the State Republican Central Commfttee, the Ku Klux Klan in Ore gon is said to be preparing to enter a candidate ior governor in the gen eral election, and it is considered pos sible that Charles Hall, President of the Coos Bay Home Telephone Com pany of Marchfield will run against Governor Olcott as an independent with the backing of the Klan and the Federated. Patriotic Societies. The Federated Societies, composed of flfty^four Portland societies, includ ing the Scottish Rite and Royal Archj Masons, Knights of Pythias, Odd Fel lows, Orangemen, Knights of Malta, Junior Order of American Mechanics, Guardians of Liberty, Shriners, East ern Star, Knights of Luther and the Order of De Molay, is said to be mak ing a bid for soldier support by pre paring a program that will include an anti-Japanese land law, and for the teachers' vote by promise of a civil service arrangement. Plans to cap ture the automobilists' vote and that of other minor elements by favorable are also being made. ly invited to be present on August 17, at the opening session of this year's work. This course will consist of thirty hours' work. It will be given by Miss Mary Downey. For several yeai-s Miss Downey has studied in New York un^ der the world famous Pietro Yon. She is also instructress in the Pius In stitute of Liturgical Music, directed by the Madames of the Sacred Heart in their college of the Sacred Heart, known as Manhattanville, in New York city. Last year Miss Downey gave the first year course in various convents in Minnesota. The system which she introduced has been operating in about 7"t of the St. Paul diocesan schools. Miss Downey, during the month of April this year, devoted her time to making a survey of the musical con ditions in our parochial schools. She also assisted in preparing the im mense choir of 1,100 children who ren dered the music of the Mass at the Educational Congress. This summer Miss Downey gave a first year's course in the Ward Sys tem at the Visitation Convent in this city. The course ended on August 9. Those attending represented the Sis ters of Visitation, Notre Dame, St. Benedict, St. Dominic, St. Francis of Rochester, Minn., St. Francis of Syl vania, Ohio, and the Felician Sisters. Massachusetts Supreme Court. The vote for Hart was lfio% against 154 for Wm. J. Mulligan, of Connecticut, on whom the opposition centered their force. Hart is a lawyer of St. Louis and has been prominent in the national ex ecutive body of the order for several years. He was chosen by the national directors, a few weeks ago, to fill out the short unexpired term of Pelletier as Supreme Advocate. The directors elected are: John F. O'Neill, of Jersey City, Supervisor of Hudson County: William D. WINS HISTORY PRIZE PROFESSOR IN PRESBYTERIAN COLLEGE GIVEN $3,000 BY THE K. OF C. Professor Samuel Bemis, head of the department of history in Whitman College, Walla Walla, Washington, has been declared winner of the first prize of $3,000 in the Knights of Columbus competition for the best es say on an American historical subject written by a professor or instructor of history in any American college. Whitman College is a Presbyterian institution. The prize-winner, whose essay was on "Jay's Treaty," assumed the pen name of Christopher Colum bus. Neither judges nor members of the historical commission were aware of his identity until a sealed envelope was publicly opened at the general session of the convention by Gaillard Hunt, chief archivist of the U. S. State Department, who was chairman o| jLhe judges' committee. JtSDITTfflESTS nut APOSTOLIC FIELD i The Society of Jesus at the begin ning of 1921 had 1,843 members in the mission fields. This was an increase of 136 men since January, 1920. India has 704 Jesuit missionaries China, 418 Africa, 159 Madagascar, 118 Malesia» 79 Mindanao, 65 Ceylon, 52 Egypt, 52 Armenia, 28 Caroline and Mariana Islands, 25 Jamaica, 21: Japan, 7 Albania, 6 while the vari ous Indian missions from Alaska to British 3uinea engage 167 Jesuit mis sionaries. _/»«!*«•• -r •y?r Catholic Dwyer, St. Paul George H. Boivin, Granby, Quebec, member of the Canadian House of Commons Patrick H. Rice. Augusta, Ga. Jghn H. Reddin, Den ver, Colo., and niiam Prbut, State Denuty of Massachusetts. in English, despite the fact that he can understand our language only when it is spoken very slowly. When I had thoroughly explained what we proposed to do, he bade me repeat the details. "When will you begin?" he asked. "Tomorrow," I replied, "provided it meets with the consent of Your Holi ness and we can be put in possession of the ground which has been prom ised us to carry on this work. "Pope Pius was extremely well pleased at this information and im mediately made preparations to put us i I speedy possession of the plot he bad assigned us to carry out the rec reational work. "The grounds will be so located that His Holiness can see the little Italian children playing from the windows of the Vatican. He seemed immensely pleased at this prospect and so ex pressed himself." i GUEWBlIII CARDINAL TO DEDICATE INSTI TUTE AT LANSDALE, PA. St. Mary's Institute lor the Blind, at Lansdale, Pa., which is to be the Philadelphia archdiocesan institution to be used exclusively for the care of the blind, will probably be dedicated in the early autumn with His Emi nence Cardinal Dougherty officiating. The property, which is valued at $250, 000, recently came into the possession of the archdiocese of Philadelphia. It was formerly known as the Engel hardt Sanatorium and consists of a tract of 116 acres on which there is a large colonial mansion, and a group of smaller buildings. Several new buildings will be constructed for the use of the new institute. 1 VISIT DLL SEES The July number of the Acta Apostolicae Sedis, the official publi cation of the Holy See, contains a de cree of the Consistorial Congregation, giving instructions and faculties to Mgr. John Bonzano, the Apostolic Delegate to the United States, to per form the" apostolic visitation of all dioceses of this country. PLAN NATIONAL CHURCH f?£.E$$pERIAN TEMPLE TO COST $10,000,000. Erection in Washington of a nation al Presbyterian temple at the approxi mate cost of $10,000,000, has been pro posed by a committee of Washington pastors representing the presbytery of that city. As proposed by the local committee, the funds for the construc tion of the building will be supplied through donations by Presbyterians from all parts of the country, and the temple itself will constitute a gift from the members of the Presbyterian Church (North) to the Capital City. To the late John M. Harlan, forfner justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, has been attributed the conception of this idea for a national shrirje of!Presfcyteriantom. tftf ST. PAUL, MINN., AUGUST 12,1922 RIGHT REVEREND BERNARD J. MAHONEY, D. D. i V As previously announced, Right Reverend Bernard J. Mahoney, D. D., was appointed on May 23, of this year, Bishop of Sioux Falls, South Dakota. He was consecrated in Rome on June 29, and reached this country on July 28. He succeeds the late Bishop O'Gorman who jiied .Septttflffcer it isexpected £hat Bishop Mahoney will be installed in his.new See about September.2IL •. A UC. NEARS 800,000 Close to 800,000 members are now enrolled in the Knights of Columbus, according to reports submitted to the supreme convention in session at At lantic City, which showed the enroll ment to be 782,400. Of these members, 558,327 are associate, and 224,073 in surance members. There are fifty-nine state councils, including those of Can ada, Mexico, and other jurisdictions, and 2,248 subordinate councils. E IS A splendid exhibition of the spirit of'good will and co-operation existing between the Catholics and Protestants of Westbury, Long Island, was given last week. Rev. John J. Moran, the recently appointed pastor of St. Brig id's church, was elected to* the West bury Public School Board to succeed the Rev. William F. McGinnis, D. D., LL. D., President of the International Catholic Truth Society. DRAMA GUILD CONFERENCE Professor Thomas Gaffney Taaffe, of Fordhara University, will be one of the principal speakers at the confer ence of Catholic actors and dramatic writers to be held in Washington Sep tember 19 under the auspices of the Dramatic Guild of the National Coun cil of Catholic Men. Professor Taaffe is regarded as one of the foremost authorities on the little theater movement in the United States and has conducted* courses in dramatic writing and presentation which have aroused the attention of advanced students of the drama. HONORED BY POPE Monsignor James P. CantwelT, chan cellor of the archdiocese of San Fran cisco and secretary to Archbishop Ed ward J. Hanna, has been appointed a private chamberlain of Pope Pius XI. Monsignor Cantwell is a brother of the Right Rev. John J. Cantwell, Bish op of Los Angeles, and he has two other brothers in t&e priesthood. J.' A 'k. .'^r- *V in Miss Emma Gosford, foundress of a school for boys near Liverpool, and for fifty years active in its direction, has been honored by Pope Pius XI with the Diploma and Cross, "Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice." HINDU IN TRIBUTE BOMBAY LECTURER PRAISES ST. FRANCIS XAV1ER. Dr. S. L. Joshi of the "University of Bombay, India, spoke last week at the Little Theater on the U. of M. campus. Explaining his contention that Chris tian missionaries will find it hard to convert India, he said this would be due to the lack of religious fervor shown by Europeans who visit India. If the Indian observes the lack of fer vor among the layman who visits his country, it cannot be expected that he will take seriously the teachings of the clergyman who comes from that coun try. He paid high tribute to the religious work of St. Francis Xavier, Catholic missionary, who demonstrated that he had the capacity to implant Chris tianity in India. He said that St. Francis Xavier has instilled into the people of India the spirit of self-sacri fice which is one of their predominant qualities. ill SEMINARY WILL BE DEDICATED BY PRECIOUS ?®LO0D FATHERS, AUGUST 13. On Sunday, August 13, the new St. Charles Borromeo Theological Sem inary, Carthagena, Mercer county, Ohio, will be dedicated by His Grace, Most Rev. Henry Moeller, Archbishop of Cincinnati. gt. Charles Seminary jte the mother house of the Society of the Most Precious Blood in America. With an admirable simplicity of architecture, the new building presents a grandeur of appearance, and .constitutes a fit ting monument to sixty years of self sacrificing zeal and labor on the part of the Fathers of the Precious Blood 4 in this section of OhicC V. jf V v V V "Vry» ay f*i "4, Ki' "imrrf:' Mason's View of Towner BIRD S. COLER, NEW YORK COM MISSIONER OF PUBLIC WEL FARE, ANSWERS UPHOLDERS OF MEASURE—ATTACKS THIS PROPOSAL AS UN-AMERICAN AND GIVES REASONS THEREFOR —VALUABLE STATISTICS ON DE CREASED ILLITERACY *N UNIT ED STATES. The following article, in its entire ty, on "The Sterling-Towner Bill," by "Brother Bird S. Coler, Commissioner of Public Welfare of the City of New York," appears in the July of the Masonic Review: Mr. Coier's Article. In an address before the Conven tion of Masons in Atlantic City, I re ferred casually, and not favorably, to the measure in Congress designed to create a new secretaryship in the cab inet of the president of the United States. The measure is known as the Sterling-Towner bill. The new secre tary is to be a Secretary of Education. I was challenged to show why I op posed the bill. I answered the chal lenge briefly at the time and this is a more extended presentation of my reasons. This proposed piece of legislation was introduced in the senate on Oc tober 10, 1918, by Senator Hoke Smith of Georgia. Although modified in de tail, it is essentially what it was when it was introduced. It proposed to en trust the Secretary of Education, a political appointee, with the distribu tion of $100,000,000 annually among such states as are willing to accept the rules and conditions under which the distribution will be made. The money is to be taken from the taxes of the people. One provision of the act reads: 'That all the educational facilities en couraged by the provisions of this act and accepted by a state shall be or ganized, supervised and administered exclusively by the legally constituted state and local educational authorities of said state, and the Secretary of Ed ucation shall exercise no authority in relation thereto, except as ^herein pro vided to insure that all funds appor tioned to said Ktate shall be-, used for the purposes for which they are ap propriated and in accordance with the provisions of this act accepted said' state." Under the provisions of this act. the secretary is empowered to rule finally on the following: The Secretary's Power. 1. Common school branches and the duties of citizenship, and when advisable vocational education. (Sec tion 8.) 2. Courses in Americanization, in cluding instruction in civics and gov ernment. (Section 9.) 3. Plans for the payment of teach ers' salaries, for better instruction, for the extension of school terms, for extending equally good educational op portunities for the children in the sev eral states. (Section 10.) 4. He is finally empowered under the bill to exact the minimum school year, a compulsory education law, and a basic language law, applying to all institutions, private and public. 5. The exact instruction in physi cal education, the appointment of school nurses, dental clinics and plans otherwise formative of physical and mental welfare. 6. The dictation of plans for the preparation of teachers for public school service. 7. The provision and extension of facilities for the improvement of teachers already in service and the enlistment of teachers by the estab lishment of scholarships and other wise. There is no contention that these objects are, on the face of them, rep rehensible. Educational training is good. Education in the duties of cit izenship is good. American education is good. Physical training is good. THE HOLY CHILDHOOD DIRECTORS WILL ELECT SUCCES SOR TO LATE DIRECTOR-GEN ERAL—TO REPORT ON AMERI- WORK. Rev. William F. Stadelman, C. S. Sp., national director of the Holy Childhood Association, has sailed for Paris, to attend the international con gress which will elect a director gen eral as a successor to Mgr. Roger de Teil, who died in June. Besides the election of a new head for the Holy Childhood, other matters of great importance will be discussed, in which discussions the American representative will have an important part. In 1921, this foreign mission organization raised, in the different countries where it is established, the sum of $1,408,509.10. The Unitei States was the largest contributor to this amount, having collected $167, 600.10. After the Paris meeting, Father Sta delman will proceed to Rome, where he will spend some time in the in terests of the Holy Childhood, and make a report to Pope Pius XI on the conditions and prospects of the association in the United States. :f y myjii^ilUPWi nipji| 11^ 11 Iiim uni .4~vV.-7 Vv" Number 32 Bill What, is an equipoise in this bill is that the Secretary of Education, a po litical appointee, is given control over these matters. This makes him the educational dictator for every state in the Union, giving him the power for the future determination of the poli cies of the United States, for the fu ture constitution of its citizenship, for the future confirmation of the govern ment itself, so tremendous it could not be safely entrusted to any one man. If we are in this country to have free dom of action, which within the limita tions of order means liberty, we must have freedom ol' education, and we can have that only under the educa tional methods that have so far gov erned the culture of our country. To attempt to dictate from Washington the conduct of the schools of the na tion would be utterly inconsistent with every American tradition. It would be hostile to the very spirit of our Constitution. That Constitution makes no provision for the control of the educational activities in the sev eral states by the national govern ment. The only pretext upon which such a control could now be sustain ed would be "The Common' Welfare Clause," but that clause is not ap plicable to functions which were spe cifically denied to the federal govern ment after they had been considered by the constitutional convention. The subject of education was considered by that convention and the debates show that the delegates concluded that in a matter so intimately affect ing the welfare of local communities, the control should be with the respec tive states and not within the central government. The Measure is Un-American. President Harding was strongly urged by the committee promoting this measure to include a Secretary of Education in his plan for the cab inet reconstruction. He refused to do so, realizing that the arguments in fa vor of the measure were specious. Ev ery commentator on American institu tions has noted the fact that the states were the proper agents for the control of public education. Viscount Brice, in his "American Common wealth," wrote: "There is no minister of education, because that department of business belongs to the several states," In the 1912 Yale lectures, it was pointed out by Prof. St. George Tuck er of Virginia, that education is a do mestic duty and that the men who framed our Constitution wisely left "this domestic duty in the hands of the government which fc closest to those whom it affects." John Fiske, the historian, noted the fact that we have no prefects from Washington interfering with the free development, of our educational sys tem. This being so, why should the Masonic body be asked to endorse a change which will create an autocrat of thought close to the president. Ma sons are good American citizens, and they do not desire the violent changes in the form of our government, which are being solely promoted by great foundations which have recently as sumed to direct the application of pub lic resources. The great colleges of our land have no desire to be reduced to a dependency upon the political purposes that might actuate an edu cational slave-driver armed with the powers of the United States govern ment and directed by forces not of popular origin. Already a protest against the Sterling-Towner bill has been uttered by such educators as Dr. Eliot, president-emeritus of Harvard Dr. Hadley, president of Yale Dr. Hibben, the great educational author ity of Princeton Dean Burris of the Teachers' College of Cincinnati Dr. Edward B. Shallow, associate superin tendent of education at New York City, and a dozen other state and etty authorities on education. It is contended by the proponents of (Continued on page 8.) 10 HOM SERM MEMORIAL SHRINE The three days' celebration incident to dedication of the Padre Serra Shrine and statue. In 43erra Circle* Carmel Woods, Monterey, Calif., at tracted many visitors. A poem, written by George Sterling to signalize the erection of the statue, was read during the ceremony. The statue was unveiled by Father Ray mond Mestres, direct descendant in ecclesiastical office of Padre Junipero Serra. On each of the three evenings, dur ing the celebration, Garnet Holme, the playwright, presented his Carmel Mission play, "Serra," in the Forest theater. It was the first production of, this drama on any stage. siRmmuirsiiK A beautiful shrine—the first church in the world dedicated to St. Margaret Mary, the apostle of the Sacred Heart —has been erected in Lemay Avenue in Detroit, Mich. The Shrine contains an «thentle relic ottbe saints .1 i- DEDICATED Iff .CARMEL WOOD3.