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(TiithoticJkfBulMm. OFFICIAL PAPER OP THE ARCH DIOCESE OF ST. PAUL, THE DIO CESB OF DULUTH AND THE DIO GBSB or HELENA, MONTANA. Published by Yh« Catkolii Bulletta Pnbllihlig Co. and Issued every Saturday from 141 EL Fifth Street, St. Paul, Minn. Business office: 315 Newton Bld|., Fifth and Minnesota Street!, BL Paul, Minn. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: 12.00 a year payable in advanca £2.50 a year to foreign countries AdTfrtlilnff Rates on Appllratloa. All advertisements are under edlto rial supervision. None but reliable Brms and reputable lines of business are advertised and recommended to our readers. A mention of THE CATHOLIC BULIiETIlf wrlten writing to advertisers, will be mutually beneficial. The nailing label on your paper 1b a receipt for your subscription, and a re minder of the date of Its expiration. To insure change of address, the sub scriber must give the old, as well as the new, address. Remittance may be made by Draft, Post Office or Express Money Order, or Registered Letter, addressed to THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, til Newton Bldg., St. Paul, Minnesota B(Tt JiBN H. Reardon, Edltor-la-Cfcief RAT. C. F. McGlnnln. Ph. Associate Editor Harry I.orhrrd, Advertlntng Manager Entered as second-class matter, Jan uary 12, 1911, at the post office, St Paul, Minn., under Act of March 2, 1879 Acceptance for mailing at special f*te of postage provided for In section 1198, Act of October 3, 1917, authorized •eptenber 13,1918. SATURDAY, AUGUST 12, 1922 When even the Pope is not too important to change his mind as he has done on the National Cath olic Welfare Council status, it should make all of us a little more humble, thinks a western writer. Mrs. Ellen Duane Davis, a great- great-granddaughter of Benjamin Franklin, is running for Congress on the Democratic ticket in the Second Pennsylvania District. What would Poor Richard have thought of her? Sidney Catts, former governor of Florida, who is under indict ment in Pensacola charging peon age. filed a petition of voluntary bankruptcy in Federal District court last week. The total liabil ities amount to $43,032.73 with assets given as $1,910. Another "fool for profit" whose dupes got Wise. Meow, meow! The "Oregon Voter" is a little magazine issued in Portland, Ore., to promote good citizenship. The July 29 number contains a sympo sium of arguments against the proposed school bill in that State. These arguments are clear and sound, and they are presented by the following bodies: Lutheran Synod, Portland Citizens, St. Helen's Hall trustees, Private School Principals, Seventh Day Adventists, Presbyterian Minis ters, and the Catholic Association. The last issue of the Hartford Transcript carries the information that many things indicate that the Ku Klux Klan is spawning in southern New England. The Grand Master of the Connecticut Free Masons is on record as com plaining that the Klan has tried "to link up" his organization with the movement. He "deeply deplores any attempt to connect the Masons with the Klan." The Grand Master speaks for the or ganizatipn. Individual Masons are free to affiliate or not. A special grand jury, in Pfeoe .ttx, Ariz., which has been con ducting an investigation into the night riding activities of the Ku Xlux Klan, has returned a report that of 135 members of that organ ization who testified, the "major ity seemed to be victims of amnesia." All that most of the witnesses could remember was that they joined, paid ten dollars and resigned. Five indictments were returned against three men as a result of the investigation The total membership of four Klan organizations in one county Was shown to be in excess of seven hundred. •Archbishop Moeller, on his re cent visit, found the Holy Father in excellent health and full of "jigor. "The Pope is an excep tionally remarkable character," lie stated. "Physically vigorous, profoundly learned, widely ex perienced in diplomacy, and deep ly, religious, he seems destined to five the Church an exceptionally remarkable pontificate. One thing Is assured: Pius XI is going to be the Supreme Pontiff. Precedents will not be allowed to impede progress, just because they are precedents of etiquette and mere formality." Rear-Admiral William "s. Sims is an advocate of gas. At an alumni dinner in Albany he declared: "If we are attacked we will use gas, and we won't care how, when or why." The injudicious use of gas is an accomplishment with Ad miral Sims, and has already brought him the distinction of be ing twice officially reprimanded by the Navy Department, reminds the Monitor. Once in 1911, and asrain in 1921 after his world re nowned ''jackass speech," a pub lic rebuke was administered by the Government. And he contin ues to gas and doesn't seem to care how, when or why. The only lives that now have any particular value are the lives of murderers. The life of a mur derer is a very saered thing. Society has an immense and press ing responsibility nesting on its collective and individual con science to see that a murderer lives to a ripe old age. Murder has become so common that even the newsboys are bored by the headlines, says an Exchange. The only possible way to stir up excite ment about the taking of a human life is to suggest that a murderer be hanged. Then the legions of the. sentimentalists, the progres sive penalists, with their various sects and septs will rise clamor ously and shout "Thou shalt not kill!" Oklahoma has proven itself a better guardian of legal institu tions and American principles than the state of Texas. The elec tions held by the former state this week brought victory in no un certain terms to the anti-Ku Klux Klan candidate, R. II. Wilson The victor's strongest opponent appealed for election on a plat form which was founded upon the blatant shriekings of the invis ible empire. Law and order tri umphed and the Klan Kandidate was defeated. There always will be Klans, Evangelical Societies of Bigots, Guardians of Liberty, etc. but the great majority of the people arc sound and fair of mind and heart, observes the Trans cript. Medical specialists have the right to charge a patient accord ing to his social standing or re puted wealth, a London, England judge decided recently, when he held that Dr. Anghel Caster's fee was excessive, but awarded judg ment against Leopold Hirsch for $465. Dr. Gaster had sued for $656 for professional attendance upon Hirsch and his son. Ilirsch contested that the rich should not be discriminated against in charg ing medical fees. The physician's counsel argued that the rich should pay more because the poor frequently are charged nothing Dr. Gaster testified that he pre sented no fee to clergymen, but imposed the highest fees he could upon financiers and those who ap pear to be rich. Why our, wonderful public school systenTis not. more efficient than it is, may be ascribed to a variety of causes. A speaker at the Boston convention of the National Education Association pointed to "too much system" as the root evil. Another, quoted in the Monitor of July 7, said the chief trouble was politics. He il lustrated his opinion by the fol lowing incident An investigator touring the Appalachian Moun tain region inquired of a slouchv, indifferent youth of twenty-four how he had become county school superintendent. The youth re plied, in the tone of one who had a just complaint: "I didn't want to be school superintendent, I wanted to be sheriff, but they (meaning the local politicians) made old man Brown sheriff and told me I'd have to be county school superintendent: for a while, anyhow." His own school ex perience had ceased at the ninth grade, yet he held jurisdiction over 5,000 children! THE DAILY VISIT. The average human being is of more or less friendly nature. Ethics tells us that Man is a social animal, that is, he tends towards fellowship with others. He likes company and he delights in the association of those whom he loves. It is not easy, in spite of poets and philosophers, to find real friends in every sense of that amused term. Some assay quite high, while others are less than one-half of one per cent true. Man, however, seeks to be with his fellows for the ifte£e pleasure of their society. There is one Friend whom many neglect. He is a Man of power. None other like Him exists. The efforts of human force and genius, the achievements of science and the wonders of Nature in general are to Hiiu but the merest trifles. He knows all things: mind read ing is but a farce, for He sees deep down into the most hidden secrets of the soul. It is not necessary to make use of social veneer when speaking to Him, for He knows what we are about to do and sa.y even before we have formulated the idea. This Friend does not reside in a far-off countrv. It does not re quire a long journey or great ex pense or feverish preparations to visit Him. In fact, he lives in our midst. He makes His constant I J. XXJL^t C* dress and His hours for callers. Moreover, He is anxious to enter tain and what a royal Entertain er He is! No talk of the weather or literature or the vagaries of science or local or national gos sip. He speaks to the heart, just as a bosom friend. He talks to us of those things that concern us most intimately: our weakness in certain' matters our anxiety re garding ourselves or a relative or friend our aims at success and the hurt we received from others the good we should like to do for this or that person, and the injus tice intlicted upon us by some wandering Judas. Oh, lie com munes with us in a manner that leaves us strong and sweet and courageous. This Friend yearns for a daily call from us. He longs to have us drop in for a few minutes" to see Him. A little visit on our way to or from our. homes means so much to Him and unspeakably more to us. It is not a question of formal attendance at a definite function.: it is the little kindly visit that proves the caliber of genuine friendship, for it is en tirely voluntary. A few churches have a goodly number of such daily visitors while others, per haps the majority, are used once a week when the fear of God sends multitudes to hear Mass. During the other six days the Royal Friend in the Tabernacle waits pa tiently for a thoughtful subject to call and offer his respects. Surely the patience of Jesus Christ is in finite, BASEBALL. Wheu Wellington (was it Well ington 1) said that the battle of Waterloo was won on the cricket fields of England, he but ex pressed an idea that is as old as the great warriors of antiquity For ancient history points to the fact that the most successful of the warlike peoples of early times were devoted to athletics. The oldest known monuments of Celt and Teuton refer to the ath letic prowess of their nations Many hundreds of years before the Christian era the Egyptians Phrygians, Phoenicians and other Orientals had their games of skill The Greeks adopted some of the elements of these contests and embodied them in the famous Olympic games centuries before Christianity. The Romans also early developed these various sports, and the annals of the tinje show the high honors and rewards that were, showered upon the win ners in the public games. It is a curious fact that all down through history the use of a ball figured in athletic games. Thus tennis and baseball may be said to be but later evolutions of the simple game of palla so familiar to Greek and Roman, and even to day found in tlieir countries. The American national game today is one of the strongest bonds that unite the interest of all our people. Arousing enthusi asm in young and old, combining strength and skill with clear thinking, and demanding the high est form of unselfishness, or gen nine sportsmanship, baseball ex ercises an attraction for practical ly every healthy individual. Its followers are numbered among all ranks and trades and professions A. well known American prelate recently deceased, was recognized as one of the most ardent "fans' in the large city where he lived Even as Archbishop, he wras seen very frequently attending the big league games and enjoying the sport as keenly as any person present. This pastime is one that brings out definite qualities of control on the part of the players and gen uine, clean enjoyment in the spec tators. For this reason alone it is worthy of wide patronage, as it tends to blend national feelings along the lines of straightforward, fair and sincere dealings. Cricket may have had considerable part in winning the last war, but there is no doubt but that the baseball lots of America furnished the real power and stamina, the dash and force that carried our opponents completely off their feet. A world war monument might fittingly carry a baseball as one of its chief ornaments. APPROACHING THE ELEV ENTH HOUR. There is a time for everything, but not everyone' seems to realize this plain principle. Some people are painfully punctual on every occasion, while others rush in at the last moment. All's well, pro vided the rush is not too late. For even a departing.jtrain will calmly ignore the panting traveler as he tears into the depot when the puf fing monster is already rolling over the shiny rails. The eleventh hour is gradually drawing near for parents who have children of school age. That is, for thosd who are yet uncertain as to where Walter and Sylvia will be sent to imbibe the elements of learning and education. Of course, Walter and Salvia are ex ceptional children. God has blessed them with all the gifts of heaven. And besides, we must abode with us. We know His ad- not forget that both Sylvia and1 sonal funds, are forced to pay the Walter must prepare for society they have their social careers to remember, and this must be taken into consideration when selecting a proper school. Would it do for them to early associate in the same coterie with, say, Mike and Lena? Perish the thought. Mike and Lena probably will be their future servants. Teaching Sisters represent a high type of womanhood. True, they do not move in the exclusive circles of human society (though many of them formerly did). The reason is that they belong to an even more exclusive set, one where virtue and soul purity and mental and spiritual beauty count for more than money and fine homes and motor cars. These are the ladies who will raise even Walter and Sylvia to a high plane of genuine social worth, while at the same time they will turn Mike and Lena out with the rough edges completely worn off and nicely polished. Parents will do well to weigh the value of a Catholic education for their little ones for material ornaments count for naught when there is question of the beauty and strength of a soul. WHAT'S WRONG, ANYWAY? Writers and thinkers and econ omists are striving to find a solu tion for the vast problems that confront and agitate the world to day. Mail is restless in this gen eration. He is unstable. He runs hither and thither seeking repose. The war turned nations upside down, and the people thereof are standing on their heads. So called leaders are trying to get them on their feet again, not real izing that many refuse to believe that their feet are pointing to the skies. Labor and Capital, as usual, are in the thick of the disturbance. Labor is trying to get as much as possible for little work in return while Capital aims chiefly at pil ing up dividends on common and preferred stock. Labor fails to realize that brains have made in dustry possible and Capital can not understand that the Avorking inan is really and truly a human being, not a machine. The idea of getting together on a strictly humanity basis does not appear to enter their heads. Then, in other fields the unrest is apparent. Women do not be lieve in the old virtue of modesty. Their idea of liberty is to take off as much clothes as the law will allow, and a little more for good measure. Catholic girls and women are not cheap imitators, if you please, but real leaders in this undress furore. Ninety-five per cent should be glad of the oppor tunity to conceal their unsightli ness instead df blazoning it forth. Again, the young people of to day are a law unto themselves. Knowing little, they assume much, as is the way with ignorance. The parents are excused from further attention after the boys and girls have reached the use of reason, while formerly a youth was youth until he came of age. Now they are of age at seven years. If one may be permitted an opinion, what's wrong may be answered thus: There are too many weaklings in authority throughout the world today. This is true of every grade of society and human relationship. One Roosevelt, even one Dawes, here and there would do more to right the world than a million—name them yourself. THE VALUE OF INDUL GENCES. When a man commits a sin he incurs guilt before God, and at the same time he contracts a debt towards the divine Majesty. Mere confession does not, ordinarily, cancel this debt, but it is neces sary that adequate restitution be forthcoming in the form of pen ance or other good works. Sin cere confession removes the stain of guilt: good works cancel the obligation, in whole or in part, of punishment which is due as a re sult of sin. A good work earries a two-fold effect: merit and satisfaction The merit belongs exclusively to him who performs the deed, nor can it be transferred to another. The satisfactory element, ho^g ever, may be applied either to one's self or to another. Here precisely is where the Church ex erts her authority. Acting as the guardian of the deposit of faith and of the treasury of good works heaped up by Christ and His saints, she dispenses these riches from time to time to those who need to make satisfaction for their offenses. This dispensation of spiritual goods is accompanied by definite conditions on the part of the re cipient, conditions laid down by the great Almoner, the Church herself. They are comparatively easy of performance. Their worth is incalculable in terms of human values. What enhances their im portance is the fact that usually they may be applied to the souls in Purgatory, those unfortunate departed ones who, without per- last farthing hy means of sorrow and pain. An indulgence offered for one of those victims of divine justice is just that much paid off the pur gatorial debt of that sufferer. It is well-placed charity that brings immediate results. Not infre quently it is a duty on our part, as such a person may actually be alters. The Chairman of the Organization Committee of the Social Week held in Paris the last days of July and the first days of August at Strasbourg, received from Cardinal Gasparri, in the name of the Supreme PontifT, a letter of congratulation from which the following is quoted: "By selecting as your topic this year 'The State and Economic Life,' you desire to carry forward your studies on the economic restoration society. The Holy See can but formulate wishes for the happy real ization of this design. Nothing, in deed, which can help to re-establish or strengthen the good order of human relations can remain indifferent to it. It has above all things at heart social peace in each nation and international peace among all peoples. It is con stantly concerned with those problems seeking the economic betterment of the working classes, and is always ready to favor, with all its force, com mon prosperity which will render gen eral, in favor of the humble, that legi timate well-being which is also useful for the perfecting of moral and reli gious life." MRS. BRADY DECORATED Mrs. Nicholas F. Brady, prominent in Catholic societies in New York, has been awarded the decorat ion'of an of ficer of the French Academywith Palm. The award, which was made by President Poincare, and carries with it the purple and gold button of the Acadeiriy, is in recognition of Mrs. Brady's services in connection with the raising of the Curie radium fund and her gifts to French organists. K. OF C. WAX OVER $7,000,000 STILL REMAINS IN TREASURY. More than $7,000,000 remains in the war camp fund of the Knights of Col umbus, according to a report made to the supreme convention by Supreme Treasurer Daniel J. Callahan. The report showed disbursements of $2,748,206.49 during the fiscal year just, passed. The balance, in cash and securities, is $7,506,125.96. The report of disbursements by the Supreme treasurer, exclusive of the war camp fund, showed that the order has contributed $6,979.82 to the Irish Relief fund, $2,229.85 to the Pueblo flood sufferers, $346.38 to the Tulsa riot sufferers, $205.00 to the European Relief Council fund, $170.70 to the Cardinal Mercier fund and $8,055.69 to the Italian Welfare Fund. CHJUUIIESJHIECIOIV CATHOLIC GUIDE BOOK WILL BE READY IN SEPTEMBER. The National Conference of Catho lic Charities, at its annual meeting in September at the Catholic University, will be able to announce the realiza tion of a long cherished ambition, the publication of the first Directory of Catholic Charities in the United States. Ever since the foundation of the conference in 1910 there has been an urgent demand for a national directory. But, because of the many difficulties in the way of obtaining the necessary data, attempts to compile this work failed. The first attempt was made by Rev. Dr. William J. Ker by, first secretary of the conference, in 1912, but because of the lack of organization of Catholic charitable work at that time it was impossible to obtain sufficient data to warrant pub lication. The "Directory of Catholic Charities in the United States" is a loose leaf octavo volume of over four hundred pages including a very complete class ified index. Its scope is much broader than the title would at first suggest. I FIIEST'S Ml DISCLOSES BUT LITTLE CASH,| HIS INCOME BEING GIVEN TO RELIGIOUS CAUSES. SAYEjS CHINESE CITY AMERICAN PRIE8T ACTS A8 MEDI ATOR—OPPOSING ARMIES THEN COME TO TERM8. The Important Chinese city of Kan chow was saved from pillage, and the torch and its thousands of inhabitants expiating a fault into which wel from massacre, last month, through ourselves have led him. In any I the courage of a Philadelphia priest, case, a practical Catholic will seek I That news is revealed in letters re to enlarge his treasure of indul-1 ceived by Very Rev. Frederic J. genees both for himself and for I Maune, of Germantown, Lazarist Pro- YEARNS jOR PEACE CARDINAL GASPARRI WRITES ON REVIVAL OF ECONOMIC LIFE IN EUROPE. vincial, from members of the band of ten Philadelphia Lazarists, engaged in missionary work in the province of Kiangsi, the scene last month of civil warfare, mutiny and massacre in which thousands of Chinese lost their lives. The intrepid missionary was Rev. John O'Shea, C. M., superior of the American priests in Kiangsi. The Southern troops of Sun Yat-Sen laid siege to Kancliow and were making furious night attacks on the city. The mission compound had been invaded by an advance detachment, despite the American flag, in which the mission aries placed their greatest confidence. Panic-stricken, the chief men of the city appealed to Father O'Shea to med iate for them. He went out to the firing line, met the Southern leaders, and arranged an armistice. The city was saved, the Southern troops enter ing peacefully and Wu Pei-Fu's men retired northward THE PRESSJN INDIA INDIAN CATHOLICS HAVE EXCEL LENT CHAIN OF WEEKLIES AND MAGAZINES. The need of Catholic press develop ment in India is imperative. Indian Catholics, having several racial and national sub-divisiOns among them, are not in a position to command the confidence and cohesion requisite for running a Catholic daily, particularly in English, and have to rely for the present on the network of splendid English weeklies published at Bom bay, Calcutta, Madras, Simla, and La hore. Passing to Ceylon there is a bi weekly published at Colombo and weekly at Jaffna, both in English Then there are about twenty monthly periodicals, including the "Indian Messenger of the Sacred Heart," pub lished under direction of Most Rev Alban Goodier, Archbishop of Bom bay. It is Catholic newspapers in the va rious vernaculars that reach the na tives and help more in the fortifying of the layman. Of these the oldest is "Sathyn Nedam" (Voice of Truth) organ of the archdiocese of Verapoly while the "Nazrani Deepika" comes second in order. This latter is financed by the Carmelite tertiaries, a re ligious order meant exclusively for Malabar, and takes the first place among Catholic papers in India. Several magazines are published In various native dialects. hoiioi njr.iu FRENCH CATHEDRAL BELL OEOI CATED TO PROFESSOR. Professor H. Langford Warren formerly a member of the Harvard university faculty, who died a short time ago, is to be honored by having a bell in the cathedral of Noyon France, dedicated to his memory. This tribute to the memory of Pro fessor Warren is to be provided by a group of men who were associated with him in his efforts to solicit con tributions from American architects for the purpose of restoring one of the small churches in the devastated region of France. The location in the Noyon Cathedral was chosen because, during his lifetime, Professor Warren had manifested great interest in the Gothic architecture of France and in the cathedral at Noyon in particular. CHEST NAMES OMUL A pencil notation on the back of the will of the late Monsignor William O'Brien, who was pastor of St. Pat rick's church, Lowell, Mass., suggests the erection of a Catholic high school for boys in Lowell. The will was filed for probate in the Middlesex Court at East Cambridge and Cardinal O'Con nell, named executor, is given disposi tion of the entire estate. The value of the estate has not been announced. SACRED HOME PASSES FAMOUS TRAPPIST MONASTERY IN NOVA SCOTIA TO BE AUCTIONED The will of the late Rt. Rev. Mgr. Patrick J. Cannon, for fifty-two years rector of St. Patrick church, Lockport,! is to be brought, visually, down from N. Y., who died last May, has been filed for probate. Monsignor Cannon's estate is valued at $2,000 personal property, no realty. For some time he had been giving practically his en tire income to the establishing of burses at the college of the Propa ganda, Rome, Italy, and Niagara and St. Bonaventure universities for the education of young men for the priest hood. He was also devoted to other religious causes. Under the will two distant cousins are given $300 each, and the balance of the estate is equally divided be tween Rt. Rev. Mgr. John D. Biden and the Rev. Dr. John J. McMahon. OFF. In Boston, in a week or tiro, Petit Clairvaux will be put upon the auction block. And, as if further to emphasize the passing of the old and the com ing of the new, this famous old Trap pist Monastery in Tracadia, Nova Scotia, where, for nearly a century the saintly Cistercians gave themselves over to prayer and contemplation, is to be sold with aid of motion pictures its quiet resting place among the Nova Scotia hills, and thrown upon a screen in Tremont Temple, a Baptist meeting house, to be knocked down to the high est bidder by a Jewish auctioneer. And perhaps, before another year is done, the ancient monastery will have be come a summer hotel its cloisters ringing with the voices of tourists, its bare cells transformed into sumptu ously-fitted rooms, and its broad fields, where the Trappist toiled in silence beneath the burning sun as a thanks offering to God, laid out with fair ways and spotted with the traps and greens of a golf course, Such, indeed is the plan. 7 PERSECUTE CATHOLICS 80VIETI8M FAVORS JEWS, W!HO DEFILE CHRISTIAN SHRINES SACRED PARTICLES DESECRAT ED BY COMMISSIONER TRAP IN WHICH CHURCH OFFICIALS WERE CAUGHT. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) The hatred of Bolshevism for Chris tianity rages not only against the Rus sian Orthodox Church, but even against Catholicism and other Chris tian denominations. The Jews alone find favor with the Bolsheviki. In fact, since their accession to power in Moscow, in the course of three years fifteen synagogues have been erected. Before the war, the Jetrs had but one synagogue there. According to the latest information, the Catholic Church of Gachina has been pillaged, and a commissary of the Soviet, a Jew, has profaned the sacred particles. The priests have been arrested and handed over to the court for rebellion against authority. Two priests of Ligowa, a suburb of Petrograd, Fathers Pietkiewicz and F. Wasilewski, have also been ar rested. Things are still worse in Podolia. The devilish eraft of Bolshevism has been concealed under the mask of legality. In 1918, the Bolsheviki pro posed to the clergy, both Orthodox and Catholic, that ecclesiastical prop erties be declared national patrimony. It was, they alleged, a mere formality, without any attempt at their confisca tion. To avoid greater evils, many Catholic priests subscribed to the re quest of the Bolsheviki in good faith. They did not foresee the deplorable consequences of their compliance with it. In 1922, the Bolsheviki threw off their mask, and when the Catholic clergy protested against the abuses Committed in the churches, they an swered by declaring that of their own will, the ecclesiastical goods had been turned over to the Soviets. The priests that have opposed the spolia tion have been threatened with the closing of the churches and arrest. TO Ml 11 YOKOHAMA The Iter* George J. Meinginger. S. M., who was for many years professor of languages at the University of Day ton, Ohio, has been appointed to the chair of modern languages at St. Jo seph's College, Yokohama. Father Meinginger celebrated his first Mass in Baltimore, at St. Michael's church, twenty years ago. FOR HIGH SCHOOL CARDINAL BUYS OLD GERMAN TOWN MANSION. His Eminence, Cardinal Dougherty, has purchased the Toland House, an historical Germantown residence erected in 1734, and will raze the building to erect a new Catholic high school on the site. Until recently the building was occupied for forty years by Charles M. Ballentine, a radio ex pert of the United States government. Some time ago a valuable pane of glass, on which was engraved an equestrian figure said to represent Frederick the Great, was removed from one of the windows of the man sion and presented to the Independ ence Hall museum. CARES FOR SEAMEN NEW FLOATING CHAPEL FOR BOATMEN OF PARIS BLESSED ON THE SEINE. (By N. C. W. C. News Service.) The new floating chapel, the "Morn ing Star," has just been blessed on the Seine, at the foot of the street on which is the Cathedral of Notre Dame of Paris. The new seamen's chapel was formerly a passenger boat plying between Paris and St. Germain. It was presented to Mgr. Plateau by the director of the company and its new owner, who is the chaplain of the sailors and boatmen, has completed the installation and changes require^ to transform the former excursion boat into a chapel. For 25 years Mgr. Plateau has de voted himself to missionary work among the boatmen. Son of a teachcr who had a school along the bank oC a canal in northern France, he was early struck by the fact that the boat men's children could not go either to school or to church. He entered the priesthood with the intention of de voting himself especially to these chil dren, and was permitted to do so. He founded the Boatmen's Society at St. Quentin, and has visited by water thp 25 dioceses of France and Belgium which are crossed by canals. He has established relations with pastors in port towns, and has organized special schools for children living on canal and river boats, and religious officer: at the halting points. He has made personal visits on 5,000 canal boats In order to get in touch with the boat men and their families. The Academy, a few years ago, re warded him by .giving him the Mont yon prize. UDMMELECTEI Thomas J. Donovan was elected president of the Washington District Council of the National Council cf Catholic Men to succeed Rear Admiral William S. Benson, resigned, at the annual district convention. Admiral Benson who recently re signed as president of St. Paul's Par ish Council, is still president of the Baltimore Diocesan Council as well as national president of the National Council of Catholic Men.