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yoh ix. , Montgomery only, a issouri, Friday, sp'jTB be r is, ioocT
TH E VOICE OF DOCKERY and thb pfooEs of SEI BERT. AN ANALYSIS OF DEiTOCRATIC D0INQ5 IN THB STATE OP HISSOUKI. , By 'Hon. B. P. Russell. When Jacob ol old connived wllli bis dishonest old molbrr to roll Lit brother Emu of his birthright, bU mother covered lilm with the, aklu's of the goat In order Hint lbs blind old tber mlgbt bit deceived vrbon bo felt of Jacob, 'for Kaau wu a balrjr man.' When Alexander Dockerjr couolved wllb the dishonest old Democratic party to deceive, Hie people bribe United. Si ale, (Uucle Sam) ami rob tb'eIfepublili;i parly of Ibla slate nf Ita birth-right, hi took Jna. Selbrrl old campaign textbook wllb lla dis torted and falae figures, and cou atrucled a cloak to hide the facia, but " the people when tbey beard him de ,,cireV'ii la trie voice 01 ijocaery uui the figures of Selbert.' Tbeae figure have been ao ollcii'proven nutrue that It arema a tank nf supcrngaiion to make dellulle reply to that speech, but alnca the newspaper supple, plementa cnutalulng It tiaveibeeu dls trlbuted in vlolnlluu of lair, over all tbo atale, it la well to dissect and anal yie that apeech. . The poital law ot the Uulted Slate declarca that all supplements of tiewa papera aeut out ahull bear the full uamo of the paper scudiug them, aa well, as the date of the paper of which tbey purport to be a supplement. Everyone aent out fall In this respect, aud every 0110 la a product then ,o( a violation oftho law; but before we are through with Ibla great apeecb It -will be aeen that there la nothing atraugn for the meu who luaplred It. .If the reader will take one of Selbert'a r oanpalgu manuals and follow ua and aCV Jfaiat evdMothet ..dtillocratlc caiidldaTe for governor haa Jfceeti ao long out of the state, thai be ' h 'lipt acquainted hliuaelf wltb the facta and baa relied utterly on Selbt rl'a manual for bis basis, which, prnveu falae, deatroya the fabric of t ho apeecb. The apeech la a long, one and ao full of glaring miatatemeuta aud Incou alaleuclea, that It would take too long to point all of them out, but we pro pose to make aeveral quotations aud abow by democratic' authority that they are either untrue or prove tho utter Incompetency of the democratic ntrti In irnvnrll I litu lal.' We first notice what Mr. Dockery -j lo"lu taulel says will bo determluedby Iho present campalgu. lie aaya It will be deter mined 'whether we will surrender the control of local affairs-' Tbla comes from the caudldito of a party that bv legislation haa takeu nway from the great elite of St. Loula Mid Kauaaa City overy veatlgn uf local control. The population oftbisetwo cltlea la much greater than Hint of l'orto ltlco, over which Mr. Dockery abcila ao many sympathetic leara, aud yet Iheae clllea aro aHoru ol the power ol iou trol of election, n board appolutod by the governor absolutely douiluat. lug the conduct thereof, Ihey aru deprived ol the control of their police; tbo law thero la not enforced aa In the reat ot the atale by oluccra elected by tint people "but by iuenjippolnted by a police board, aelecled by the Gov ernor pud their aalary fixed, uot by with a'cerlalnty, aa uuerrlug aa the lawa 6f gravitation ur the ebb aud flow of the tldea, which party, aball hereafter be charged with lb re poualblllly of the .-dmlulstralloti ol me anair ol ible wotdcrful state.' Now let ua examine that record, uot Selbert'a unofficial atatemeut ou which Mr. Dockery baa predicated bit apeech, but bla aworn official record, wbtcb we will quote, giving page and paragraph, aud from that record Mr. Dockery aball uot cacape, aud upon that record ao made up the people aball Judge, Let ua first examine the creatlou of Ihe public debt. Here la what Mr. Dockery aaya of the public debit The atate debt In 1861. when tbe civil war began, amounted lo $24,323,- 000, all of which, except $622,000 waa Incurred by tbe Issue of bouda to aid lu tbe construction of railroad.' 'Whenever one of the aided roada eatabliahed to JheeatUlacllou of the governor that Ita stockholders bsd actually expended a cerlatu amount lor tbe conatructlou and equipment, for the Governor; aa authorized by law, laaucd aud delivered bouda to audi road to the amouut of one-half of tbe money ao oxpeuded, the atate re taining the llrat lieu on all the proper- ay of the railroad companies, luclud lug the lauda grauted by Congress. It la obvloui therelore, that no loaa waa possible, except through fraud.' 'Eight of the trunk lluea. of Ihe atate were thus bbud aided, aud all of them except tbe llauulbal and St. Joaepb railroad defaulted u the pay. meat oi luieresi on tne uooih ai ine D8Tluniiw,ORerlyjBi!Re.war.-.,',; i 'eVarNMuawntie'Maa durlug tbe war to collect the amount due I bo atate. Theao railroada coil $17,402,000, auif were amply aufficieut to aecure the 'ludebtedneaa due the atatu. Let ua aee bow tbe debt waa created. Mr. Dockery aaya it exlated lu 1861, aud that waa before tbe republican party camu luto power. It waa a railroad debt incurred iu building a certain amount of railroad aud ac cording to Walker'a Audltor'a Iteport it waa ou tbo following roada aud uliosu construction waa alleged to have coat the sums given lu the fol- came lutopowenTliB war bad In. lervened, TaxoVwsra not gathered to any exteut during that period, And the debt ou Ihe farst of Jauuary 1866, when tbe republicans llrat went Into power accnrdlug'lo the Auditor's. re. port, page 116, 1888, democratic an Ibority, waa 36,000,000' In round numbera. '. This waa .when tbe republican party assumed control ol affairs of the stale It went out of power lu 1870 and the liberal Republicans ' came In for two yeara. Democracy succeeded tu 1878. Iu 1860, COO mites of this road was sold under Ihe act of the legttlature paaaed In 1817, the aame act by which the bouda wer authorized. The roads were sold at a time when tbey were bankrupt, with ulue year's In ternal unpaid, .with rotten Ilea and worn out road bed, with rickety, tilling alock, and-eugluea that had been ten yeara In me. aud brought, aa Mr. Dockery aaya In his speech, $6,131,403, or $9,017 a mile. But ol this more anon. I quote agalu Ironi Mr. Selbert through the mouth of Dockery. 'Wbeu the ilemocratlo party took control of nur atate government in 187.1 the bonded debt of the atate, the legacy of republican mlarule amouuted to20,868,000.' This debt, a we havo shown from official figures or Walker's Iteport, was a democratic debt of $36,0CO,000, and according to Mr. Dockery It has been decrcaaed lu elglit yeara to $20,809,005 lu other words, the republicans came lulo power at thecloae of the var, the atate reut aud turn by an awful civil strife, and according to Dbckcry'e own figures they paldoff $16,200,000 of Ibo debt lu elglit yeara. What haa de mocracy done since. The debt Jau. 1 1873 was $20,868,888. Ou tbe lat of Jan. 1899, according to Selbert'a official report, the debt was $8,035.- 819. This debt was scheduled as follows, (Sea page 24 Selbert'a last TT!y . . ...... ioiu upnaca atii.......mi....9MH seminary raira errtwatea, I V Bl h VI tax $646,9.18,22. This altogether foota up $8,222,797.65, all of which was uacd for reducing tbe debt. Hie net re ducllou then from taxation was only $4,075)61.81 In tweuty-elgbt yeara, by democratic financiering agalnat the record of the republican party In elihl years . If Mr, Dockery can find any cause lor congratulating himself or hla party o'u thla record, be is welcome toll,. .The republicans just after the war when gold was at a three per cent premium, wbeu prices were high aud taxes hard lo collect, lu elglit years paid off tbe debt at the rata of two million dollars' year. The democratic party In .the twenty eight succeeding yeara have decreased It at the rata of one-seventh of oue million a year. Attention la agalu called to Mr. Dockery' declaration, (aee apeecb aud atao Selbert'a campaign baud book) that the railroad which were sold were worth $47,000,000. There was but 680 miles sold lu 1868. and If Mr. Dock ery tells the truth tbey were worth $69,119 a mile. There arc lu the atate today according to Mr. Selherl'a An. dltcr'a report of 1898 (See page 340,) 6(54 milra ol road, which ta aesed at $61,111,281 ou the road bed and $ll,622,000on rolllug etoefc. The as- aesaed rata would be, and tbe merest school boy cau make ,lbe calculation $9,324 a mile. Tbla la the preaent aa arsaineiil of splendid roads, equipped with heavy ateel rails, lu the moat per fect repair aud worth, as every man In the atale knows, four limes as modi pe'r inllo aa the old bankrupt roads In 1868, yet tho ronda thru were sold, aa Mr. Dockery aaya by a corrupt barglu that waa practically a ateal, $9,017 a mile. If Mr. Dockery-tells Ihe truth. lu bla apeech, aud tbe roada were only aa valuable to-day aa they were.tn 1868 that li $96,119 a mile, tbe 6,554 miles In tbe atate to-day are worth $455,005. 926. Tbey are aaaeaaed at loaa ihau one seventh of that figure Tbeae aanta tig ;irea, are fouud In Selbert'a po(Wel -siMrHrr-n-mi" Ml of Ilia public bonded tlehf 'aball be ro doeed or paid each yey from taxation. Aa we have shown yoa tbo debt baa beeu reduced ri'nly $4i(7fi,861 In twenty-eight year from taxation. 'where It should have leen reduced In obedlesea to the constitution over sereu millions. In the State Seminary fund the same condition of affair exists. According to the 'siatameul found on page 8 of SelWl'a last report, there waa only $4!4G lu tbla fuuer Instead of I,23A, 855 aa Mr. Dock-ry atatea It. The rest la represented by dobl-or a ilellc tency. Now In regard to the amouut of Indney rafard lo malnlalu the achooia In 1871 and 1899. Tbe amount given for 1871 la approximately correct.' Mr. Dockery may have' peculiar facilities for obtaining facta aa to the amount, raised In 1899 but, I refer the public to tbe official rrcOaila. See page 9 of Set bert'a Auditor's report." lie there givra the total amouut for 1867 and 1898 aa $1,979,697.19 for two full year aud thla Includes the amount rrcrlved from the -late, through tam'lou of tbe people lo pay Interest on the cirtifl. cale of iiidebtrdne!, wbltb'was form erly paid by Ihe geueral government, $372,100. Tbla eublracted from lb former figure would leave the animal receipt from taxallou at ouly $at)6,798 per year against inure Ihau twlcn as mucii ral.e.1 lu 1871. Mr. Selbert'a re port la open lu all meu, Doraxuy man in the Mate brliere Ihe revenue for school purposes have suddenly grown from $806,000 In 1898 lo $778,021 in 1899? oa moro than $3,000,000 more than tbe entire lale(rereuuc Again rmer y.m to- Mr, Selbert'a report to the general aaaemblr In which yon will tind ou page.27 tbe lollowlng atatemenit - -Tlw recelpla into the getter! rm.- it " u " ' . l,- ? i e ' - j CompanlM. S S 3 , 3 I 1'acllle Il.irt WllrsiKli,, N. Mluouri . . .. Iron Mountain... Cairo A AUon. .. l'latte I'-OHiitY .., ilUrfaullMl flits IIUnAHtJ ... . Total Itoadbeit donated 1:5 ;,7iTi lai ;,n.o 111 4,14.17,011 I.MMt.dO.! l,u!;,l 4Al, Ml,5 S,W4,IM 3,WI,UM vii a aii,icu" r.-i,i-i.i 14 (I TlKLIMHl u.).4 8j,'ji.r. t,;oi,wi yui. am.iu 8,ini.uio a; 0.1 ti:,i7,uj a2i,tm,iu t)ld not default llrru it will be seen that lour years beloro tbe party (liepubllcau) came lulo power lu tbo eluto 11 dsbt of $24,323,000 (Mr. . Dockery'a figures) waa faateucd ou tho atate lo aid lu the. construction of 887 miles of road. .V liberal allowance for theMxiat 'of tbeae ronda, which, weru supplied with tbe cheapest of light Iron rails, laid matuly through u pralrlo country, where Utile or no gptdiug waa iiccoaanry, would tho municipal authorities but by tho j have been $20,000 n tulle. Tbo rail board, and It la made n crime, for Ihe ronda of the stale are assessed aa will legislative bodies of those cities toibe sbowu later, at less thau ball of fall to vote every dollar of iho anlnnes that sum to-day. This would place fixed by these, meu. Then again, tho j the cost of the roads at $17,770,000 licensing of the saloons la not a local The law authorizing tho Issuing of matter. Ai cxiiao commissioner Is the, bonds wua 11 democratic law passed appointed by this same governor, who licenses all the saloons aud utterly coutrols thoin as a political machine. Then, agalu,-an luapeclor of beer Is provided, to bo appointed by (ho governor, with tho purpose of making tho brnwcrloS subservient to the party. These, aroafew oftho Instances whore thla party a In mis ready lo rob Iho people or local goveruuieut, nolwlth staudlug Its declaration, 1'assltig to the discussion ol thiit part of the- speech, duvoled to alato Issues, Mr. Dockoryay ot the' record of tho two parlies both ot which havo controlled Ihe state! The official record will deteriiiluq lu 1857 aud provided that wbeu the railroad companies had expended n 'crtalii amouut of money the state should Issue bonds tohalf that amouut. (See Dockery'a own statement.) No aooucr had Iho bouda been authorized than the looting ol the treasury begau. Instead of bouda tu half the amount ol coat being latued, bonds to double- Iho amount of cost woru issuod,aud this enormous debt saddled on tho people, It was a democratic steal because It was before a republi can ever held no office lu tbo slate. Mr, Dockery admits It was $2 1,353,000 lu 1801, It drew six per emit iutercst until 1865 wbeu tho republicans llrat Total debt....... Vrt.ow, Hut Ibis Is uot all the debt. Mr.1 Selbert admits that the deficiency In the revenuo was at that time Jau. 1, 1, 1899. $207,067. Then the olllcera of Ihe state took $226,000 that be longed to Iho Insurance fund aud used Hint instead of paying It over to the counties lu 1897-98. They also used $80,000 which waa collected from Iti aurauco compaulea as flues tiuder the trust law which tbo constitution aaya shall vo fo the achool fund. Tills altogether roots up $513,502,22, whltjh should be, added to the debt aud this leaves tho total debt lo-day $8,569,- 341,22. Tho reducllou since 1873 twenty eight year ago, has accordingly bocn tbe dllferetico between $20,868,00 tho debt theu aud the $8,569,341, where It stauda lo-da), altogether $12,298,659 lu twenty-eight years. Agalu I will quote from Mr. Dockcry-Selbert. I 'From January 1, 1873, to July 19 1900, the ilemocratlo admlulitrallon ot Missouri collected of the people's money for public purposes, $105,256.- 953, This mouey waa disbursed wllb nut the loss of a dollar to the taxpayers.' Mr. Dockery evidently forgets the Hteul for which poor Xolaud waa tbo scapo goat and suffered puiiishmeut, and by lulcrcncehe means thlt nllcged rrductlou lu the public debt was front that fund collected from the people, lu taxes. Under the coustllutlou adopted by the Republicans, a fund was provided for, 'to bo securely Invested nuil sac redly preserved for the support of tbe public schools;' only tho luterest to bo used. That fuud Waa Invested in IT. S. bouds which drew Interest from tho geueral government, iu J883 (sco sesslou acta of that year) those bouds , were converted lulo stalo bouds aud tho latter were canceled and State certificates Issued in lieu thereof. A fuud that drew Interest was theu illegally mid unconstltullon ally rouvertcd lulon debt that pays interest aud tbe proceeds useiLIu pay incut or tho atato debt. The amount (see auditor's report 1897-08) U $1,- 385.839.42. lu 1831 tho llauulbal & St. Joo railroad paid luto the' stalo Treasury $3,180,000, aud lu 1881 the general government refuiutedfof war 1 fuiutedtof I or, the atnteiuent of 5 Mr; DocTery aa lo tbe. roada lu-1868 ia.euUreJyjiin warmuiftil.vaml jje aiataitieut baa. no Justification; or the aworn ofikrra of the atale board of equalization have violated their oath of office In tho as- aesaineut of tho railroada, aud wrong. ed every other property bolder In the state whocarriea a bunion of taxation. 11 the latter Is true, Mr. Dnckerys par-. ty should be burled under an ava lancho or votea, as unworthy or Iho management of the aftnlrs of slate. If tho other bum of the dilemma be ac cepted, Mr. Dockery is proven either Ignorant of the commonest matters of tlm financial history of tho slate,aud !t waa bla parly that looted Ihe slate treasury wbeu the bouda were Issued to the railroads. Again If what Mr, Dockery says Is true as tu Ihe value of thb 680 miles ot railroad iu 1868, every state officer has violated the constitution every year since. Listen. Here Is section 3 article 10 of Ihe constitution. "All railroad corporations iu this slate or dolug business therein, shall be subiect lo taxation for stale, cotiuty. achool and olher purposes on Ihe real and persorai property owueu or useu by Ihcm, aud on their groas earnings, tlielrnet earnings, their franchises and their capital alock-.' Thla provision of the constitution has beeu violated year by year IfMr. Dockery tells the truth iu bis speech. Where Is tho proof? Turn to page 312 of Mr. Selbert'a last port aud there will be .found tho ateesstnent of tbe railroad companies lor all years from 1878 to Ihe prcscul. In 1878 ten years after the roada were sold, all the rail road, bridge and telegraph compaulea tu tho atato were assessed at ouly $26,- 122.198, aud it was , ouly uutll 18$S twenty yeara after Iho sale that the as- tetsnieut nf Iho then thousands of miles of'road lu the atate altogether reached the $17,000,000 Mr. Doekerv says 680 were worth In 1868, III thlsconuectlou It Is worthy ol uole that Lesueur,s Manual ou page 444 glvca the same figures and alsq on tbe saino page gives tho bonded debt of the state as over eight million. Now again we quote from Dockery Selbert'a apeech: ''The extremely satisfactory reduc Hon of thn bnuded debt bas been undo unon a reduced ral of taxation. The state's certificates ol indebteduess due the school funds nuw call tor $4,- 393,839.42 Ihe Interest of which goes lo stiimort the statu tiulverslty aud our public school system. We bave showed that mora than two-thtrds of" Ihe debt reduction has nottom from taxation, and now let ns see a lo thn school fund. A a before slated that fund was created by tbe liepubllcau constitution or 1865 aud was invested In United State bonds aud tbe Oeneral government paid tbe literest lo the state and that luterest largely supported tbe school. In viola tion of tbe constitution, which still provides that that fuud aball be accur ately Invested and sacredly preserved. trie, entire luud ha been arwnlaud In stead of a fuud. there Is a debt lo that amount lo pay the Interest on which Ihe people of the state are' annually taxed, and some of tbem aro deluded lulo the belief that they an- receiving stale school mouey from tbe Interest ou a fuud. Tbey will lx enlightened on that point by reading page 140 ol fbe Sesslou Acts of 1883, By theu referring to page 12 of the session Acts of 1889, Ibe readtr will discover that the sum of $500,513 93 Is appropriated out of Ihe slate Interest fuud, annually raised by taxation to pay Interval on these terll- fkates of Indebtedness, which aro the ouly evldeuee remaluluglhal tbe chil li rrn of the state eveu had "5 fund securely invested and sacredly pre served, ouly the Interest to be used for the support ol the public school." if these funds had rcniaiued a the lie publlcau constitution provided, Invest. ed In United Stales bond, the general government would have paid Ihe Inter est slid luauy million dollars would j have been aaved to the tax.payera ol Ih state. Mr. Dockery boasls that his parly haa reduced the rate of taxation, hut la careful not to say It waa lu obedience lo a positive commaud ot tho coustllu tlou, yet be does uot tell you that tbe same year that the rate was reduced ten ceuts ou each hundred dollars valu ation, that all farm property was ad vanced lu valuation twenty cosst every bundrei dollar. 'Vjsxi taxes its Bsaasi.iaw imiravtfiwivrrsiatiT;i-j-."iiVi ,,rii.i ,1.1 rfrr an inner rxnensraoi n "was 26'A354,0S2,Jivbeu'lbey weiu out lialr. ovonimenl aud yet ilr, I)4nJKry'rC ni f'onrerojxtis yr-llr JM nsd nrar-f. r " wwa wa SSTS-, ly doubled, fu 187a the valuation V.J'llf""' MUr more money rnhni ' $556,000,000. On thla assessed valua. rl'ool" purl"" lu 199' limn nil Ion the party i-ouducted Ibe affairs ofl revenue for nil purpose for tho slate, aud paid od llfleeu millions or. precrdlng two tearrf 11 mil txt ooscrved mat according to Mr. Dockery' statement aa In tbo amount raised lu 1871 bv the Itepnb-j lleaii for achool purpoao.lt was more than double the amount Selbert stales was annually raised lu 1897 aud 1898. Thla waa done on a slate valuation ot less ihau half ot what it Is to-day. No iv again a t? thn reduced rate of taxation of which Mr. Dockery speaks If hi statement were true thai rail roada wen wnrlh $69,000 a mite In 1868 as be atatea when he saa 680 mll-j were worth 47 millions the valu ation nr property iu iho alato If hon estly aeaed, would have reached tbo constitutional limit ot ulhrhiiu- !retl million dollars more Ihau 10 ear before the reduction hu speaks debt. How ou earth did they do ll? dis economy which la comparison with the democratic exlravagauce which has sIiich prevailed, was little short of par simony, aud before I have done with Mr. Dockery I will prnro It lo jou by llgures from Democratic reports.. I do not know what the books show, for onlv the ring bas ever bnd access to them lu Ihe lust twetity years. Up to wltuiu a few yeara the audltor'a reporia gave a tablo of receipts aud cxpeudl lures for many years. Of lale tbla table baa fieeu omitted, but the tigurea are obtainable, but belore proceeding lo a presentation or tbem 1 waut agalu lo quote from the Sclherl-Dockery speech Hut, my fellow-citizens, this is uot of. the splendid financial' record of 1 democratic parly. On January l,i all ttlH 1873, Iho cash capital school fund ot '00K I1"""'- tbe stale amounted 10 $2,670,100; ou Again I quote from Mr. Dockery July 18 or the great preseul year It g. and th ilgurc3nro Selbct'tV gregalrd $3,158,000. The Interest upon , . " , . , ,, this handsome cash endowment fund. Eight J'cnrs of republican rule larger than any other similar luud of , prior,to democratic afcendency In any slate or th republic, goes to edit- 187U cost tho tax-payersStOl.lO cale our children. morn for n'rintlnr thn lima tr.A I'he seminary fund, the Interest of.n,,rnni. 1... .., ,n,. which Is used lo support Iheatate mil. ,,. ..j.ou.. . . 1 verslty, haa also been Increased ,r011, purpose under 23 yeara ot,demo $208,700, as it waa on the 1st of Jauu- cratic rule. . ar1873, to $1,235,834,42 ou th I81I1 During 1867 nntl 18158, tho lust ol July lasl, Thotolal amouut ofinon.l vr-nrs of (Invprnni- T."lntrt,or'a n,l- ey raised by taxation from all sources ! ,nltrnnn tt, r..,,,tiA 1.. o malnlalu tho public school aystem ; j '" " " r ' . " V? In 1871 was $1,687,575. The IOU,Pnucnio,ouMw more tor prtnt amiiuut raised forthiapurpnso iu 1899,llnt copying nnd distributing the under democratic rule was$7,078,021,-! laws and Journals than was ox'- 84 nondod diirlnn-thei Inat. twn vnnwa iu relulation of this remarkable 1 0( Gov. SteDhcn'a admialBtrntlr.n ataietuentlreferyout(ipage7ofSeI..lor the same oblocU. That Is to bo.ts'laal Auditor's report, where Bay.thoropubllcansexpendeamoro cash school ruud Is stated as but $923,. than eight times ns much money 10. It Is possible that caudld.te fcr(Ior this purposo In 1807 nnd 1S0VS governor does uot know that Ihe . than tho democrats did in 18S0 and school fuud lias been dissipated aud J00C1. A like favorahlo exhibit Is apeut and Instead is represented hy,a disclosed.by tho official records In dcut, wnicuuuue.-tno constitution pro. (nvor of dcrabcratlo management vide that the houded debt shall he h, tho expenses of tho general as- paio, ami wneu exiiugmsueu, 1 no tax 'geinbly. During tho eight yeara auiborized for the purpose of paying' 0f republican nnd liberal repubU o the stale debt shall cesae to be as-.' can rule prior to tho administration sessed. (Sert Sec. 14, Art. lOof Ibedou-JofOov. Woodson, the pay and con stitution.) Secllou 44. Arl. 4, absolute, tlngont expenses of th legislature ly prohibits the legislature from creat- j amounted to 81,511021.18, while the lug an additional debt, heucc It must expenditures for tho same pur concluded that the Act ofl883 Is uu-!j)Og0a under aayearB-of democratic, constitutional aud void. Sec. 14. Art, j control worq $2,825,503,12. That Is 10 provides that uot less than $250.000 1 to say, the nverago annual expen- 1'