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BATES OF ADVERTISING. DAILY BAZOO: One square, one insertion S 7f " three " .. - 1 5C " one week .. 2 50 WEEKLY BAZOO: One square, or less, one insertion $1 25 Eacli subsequent insertion 75 Due square one time, dailv & wceklv.. 1 75 ADDRESS, J. WEST GOODWIN, TO SUBSCRIB ERS We have adopted and will strictly adhere to the following rules: All subscriptions for the Weekly Bazoo must be paid for in advance. AH papers will lcpromptlystoppedupon the expiration of the subscription, unless notification of renewal, accompanied by the cash, is received previous to such expira tion. The time of expiration is printed with each direction, and subscribers may rest as sured that the paiier will be promptly stopped at that date. Chenille bourette grenadine is something new and stylish. We sup pose it is for women's socks. There is no doubl but what the new National party will carry the next Presidential election, provided they get enough votes. We have reached this conclusion after a careful survey of the political horizon. The papers are making a great fuss because Mrs. Ex. -Gov. A. W. Ran dall went out to Nebraska and earned her living because she was poor and a widow. What of it anyway? ex cept that she showed more than ordi nary common sense. Firms are bursting in Chicago at the rate of twelve a day. The concussion can be heard for miles around. The broken heads are innumerable. Of course, Chicago beats the world in everything. The bankrupts are un able to pay three cents on a dollar. Within the next six weeks, we will have about three thousand newly fledged doctors turned loose upon the country, each bearing diplomas, which licenses them to kill or cure and this on the eve of the communists and the grasshoppers. It is too bad. The county cannot stand it. They say that the exporters of American home-made lager beer to Germany, who recently embarked in this new aud novel trade, are iu dan ger of incurring a heavy loss. There is a wild rumor afloat that Bayard Taylor will drink nothing but Berlin beef when he is abroad. A good many people are getting tired of these fancy army and navy officers, who do nothing these hard times to make their living, or con tribute to the material interests of the country. Three hundred and five million dollars has been squandered on the United States navy alone since the close of the war. The marriage of Baron Blanc, Ital ian Minister at Washington, to Miss Terry, daughter of the Cuban mil lionaire, was celebrated at St. Steph ens, Xew York, week ago yesterday, but as the Baron neglected to send an invitation and a pass east to the Bazoo, we shall not take up any space in de scribing the affair. If there is auylody that can make us want to fall down and worship him, it is oue of those fat negro cooks in gorgeous naval officer uniform, and a white cap with gold braid, who comes out at the back door of a Pullman palace dining car, and stares like a king at the gaping, starving rustics assembled around the railroad shanty of some wild western town on the bor der of civilization. A poet in Boston, who is on the brink of starvation, advertises for a home where he can lay his head. We thought those literary gents down east received enormous pay. Lonfellow gets ten dollars a line. Why don't this poet apply to him for the loan of fifty cents; but perhaps he has drained that well dry. If the poet will come out here, we will publish his poetry gratuitous ly, if this will do him any good. Who is it that is making a big spec ulation by flooding the country with Mexican dollars? They are only worth ninety-three cents. Let the fellow be found and lassoed. Tie him to a tree, and read him the proceed ings of the Beecher trial verbatim, with nothing to quench his thirst, and no succulent food, to ally the insatiable cravings for nutritive nourishment in his diaphragm, during the trying and arduous ordeal. Sedalia VOLUME IX. ENGLISH LETTER. A Peep at the Ultra Ritualism in u-rtr,i ot Rr Aihona nhi.rnh at St. Alhartfl Church Description of a Visit to the West - m.n. An.la;.im i.lolwi Ivmorntt. St. Albans, I Iol born, seems to take' the l?ad among the ritualistic churches, ana -Mr. .MaeKonoenie, me :konochie, the minister, is advocacy of extreme principles, and for his is noted for li High Church practice ot extreme High lhurchattentinn will be devoted to the cast, practices. The ecclesiastical authorities anj emy ejj;)rt wll be made to secure are uown upon nun again, mey navci been down upon him belore. I hat was in 1875. A sentence was then pronounced upon the reverend gentle man, which I l)elieve, he partly obeyed and partly disobeyed. Mr. Mackouo- ritualists generally, denies that the Church.of England is a mere branch of the civil service. He thinks it has n - rights and liberties of its own which no temporal authority should or can interfere with. If I remember rightly, he obeved the fiat in 1875, in so far as it emanated from the Dean of Arches, and disobeyed, the Privy Council part of it. He submitted to a suspension of six weeks, and since 'hen the ceremonial in the church has been somewhat curtailed. Xow, however, in this 3ear of grace 1878, the authorities are again lying siege to St. Albans. Lord Penzance issued a motion against him the other day. It was served on one certain Fridtry! evening, a few weeks ago, just as Mr. Mackonochie was on his way to church for even song. He was warned against the continuance of certain illegal practices in his church, and threatened with a "more severe step' it he dis obeyed. Still he resist., I believe. There is no more proper Dean of Arches now, he says. We shall see whether, like Mr. Tooth, he will be subjected to imprisonment for his contumacy. I attended service at St. Albans on a recent Sunday morning. It is a good-sized church, all seats free. The altar has a decided Roman Catholic look about it. There are pictures representing scenes in the baviurs life over the same on the wall at the back, also a great cross there. Huge candles at the altar, two of them lighted, and seven suspended sanctuary lamps burning with their low, dark-red flame, gave the place a very un-Protestantlike appearance. Ditto the Parson's blue gown with an immense cross on the back of it, reach ing from top to bottom. It was some high celebration, probably some kind of mass that morning, and we saw but little of the celebrant except his back and that large cross upon it. For merly, I believe, before the pressure was put on, the ceremonial was much more ornate and elaborate here. Thej had an epistoller and a gospeller and other participants. Now there was onlv a server besides Mr. Mackonochie. fliev have a fine choir, and the service consisted almost entirely of singing. The celebrants and the regular con gregation kept crossing themselves occasionally. After awhile the Rev. Mr. Stanton ascended the pulpit and preached a short, but able and effective sermon. The gist of it was that what ever we do should Imj uoue for the honor and glory of God. To make merely our own temporal and eternal welfare our motive of action was a low, selfish and unsound view. It was a Catholic saint who expressed his WILLINGNESS TO GO TO HELL for the honor and glory of God, if God wished it, said Mr. Stanton, and he urged upon us to emulate that spirit. The preacher on ascending the pulpit took off his black cap, and saying, "In the arae of the Father, Son, aud Holy Ghost," crossed himself, and the congregation also crossed themselves. After the sermon there was some more very fine singing. Take the services at St. Albans, although, few ordinary churchmen, I think would be able to follow them. One needs a special training to know what it is all about. Turning from the Church to the world, permit me to take you a little while to the "Royal Aquarium aud Summer aud Winter Garden," West minister. This place is commonly called the Aquarium, because fish are its specialty, but it comprises a variety of amusements besides. Though not much given to the pomps and vanities, "something jet seemed to tell me," as ihe old ladies in the country say, that I ought to go there once. There were the fish to see, that. was science, that was icththiology. There was the young woman to see who permits her self to be fired from a cannon, etc, ; that was decidedly thaumaturgical. And then, besids, "Tom Bowling' was to be sung, and a he was "the darling of our crew," I could not "choose but hear." The aquarium at Westminster is near the Abbey., Going along with my mind full of pleasurable anticipa tion of my visit, I found ray thoughts suddenly turned upon that everlasting Eastern question. And this was the way of it, I entered a tobacconist's shop to buj' naif au ounce of "Bird's Eye" for a party that smoke. Hitherto the price had been 2 pence, but now the man wanted one farthing more. That, said he, is your contribution toward the "six millions." The bud get increases the income tax by 2 pence, aud puts an extra duty of 4 pence per pound upon tobacco. The price of admission to the aqua rium is one shilling. Imprimis, always at such places, say the sages, buy" a programme and glance over the same first Well. I did so, and found it to consist of three or four pages, which may be thus summed up : Page 1. "The Royal Aquarium and Summer and Wiuter Garden Society. Limited. Wednesday, April 10, 1878." Then came the said Society's trade mark or coat of arms; that is, two indescribable fish on a shield, with their tails twisted together and their mouths gaping open in an indescribable manner. j Under same; "Programme and '.complete arrangements for the day. r Fn at 11. Close at 11. "ce two pence. iext page : A lMU 1111. 1 "Aquarium Theater. The manage- . lueiu ui-k iu nuuuuuce u series 01 auer- Believing as thev do thev will supply a want felt by man v. to whom dra- mat;e representations in the afternoon nre a convenience. Aseries of standard j paVtJ -)e produced, and whilst due j care will be given to the mounting, , inic-cu-eccnc and costumes, snecial the services of THE VKItY BEST ARTISTES. The management, without further prelude, confidently submit their j venture to public support. Immense uccess or the icar ot Wakeheld. I Thw da3' with the follow i l"S powerful cast: Mr. iarren as Dr. i 1 - - i i t -ti , imurose, in wnicn ne win introduce the celebrated ballad, "A Fine Old English Gentleman.0 Mr. Day as Moses, etc. After the theater came "FarinPs Happy Family," the Abys sinian Lucilla, the only female snake performer, snake tamer to the late King Theodore ; Page 3, cynocephalus, etc; Farinis Zazel, fired from a cannon, a distance of seventy feet, and her wonderful head-foremost dive, every da' at 5:30 and 10:30, amidst breathless excitement: tuuetv-seven feet in mid-air, a feat never" before ' attempted bv any female artiste. The telephone wonder of the age. ge. Visitors can now converse with each other 300 feet apart, the instrument being fixed at each end of the building, in the body of the hall, and also in the galleries. Many very interesting ex periments may be tried with this wonderful instrument, such as singing and laughing to each other, affording endless amusement to both sender ami receiver. The reading room, one of the largest iu London, contains every magazine and paper of importance. Admission one penny. Writing materials supplied. Also at various hours the Royal Punch and Judy and Urbini's perfoiming fleas, and" Fritz Rcitihard, the Eminent Facial Artiste. Turning over : On the Central Stage, Grand Hall, at stated hours in the afternoon, will appear, Gilfort, Ethar do and his pupils, Von becque's pupils, the Benizonghoug Arabs, the Hulme brothers, Ho turn in his feats of strength, the Brothers Ra3'iior, Carlo Benedetti, the Wonder of the nine-; teeuth Century, the Dare Brothers and Zazel again. In the evening at 7:30, a vocal and instrumental concert is to come off on the central stage, Grand Hall. Vocalists, Miss Kate Baxter and Mr. Percy Blandford The orchestra of the Roval Aquarium : , Overture, Haidee, Auber. Old En- glish ballad. "Near Woodstock Town," Mi Knto Ravtor V-ih. Fr.injt; " . Littolf. Song, "Tom iwwiuiir. Diddin; Mr. Blandford. Selection, "La Chante, Rosin i. Solo, cornet-a-pistons, Mr. Hardy. Then follow other songs. Ththifteruoon perform ances aresulistantially repeated in the course of the eveuing. Thus much for the programme, and now for my reminiscences. Of course, I could not see very much, or care full' note many things, in one such short visit. The building is of very large proportions. The grand hall is probably 400 feet in length aud pro portionately wide. It is surrounded by spacions galleries devoted to dining, smoking and sundry exhibitions. On the ground fl.or around the sides are numerous stalls for the sale of fancy goods aud patents. Here also to the Ir.fY rtut tn nmnriiim iimiwr flwi h l m & m u a . 7 ft ai uaa a a iu if i in La a a. ul. ward von is of glass, consequently vou can see the finny folks disporting to a rreat advantage. In the center of the hall to the right is the central J stage tor performances, .ritii arrange ments for orchestra in front, as well as a great number of reserved seats. The fish collection in this aquarium is comparatively scant as yet, but, though not equal to the Brighton one, it still contains SOME VERY GOOD SPECIMENS. Among others I noticed the follow- Tftl f t 1 ing : naice. nountters, turoots, soles, bass, whiting, lump fish, gurnards, American brook trout, salmon fry, snapping aud other turtles, pipe fish, blennys, the American king crab and soft shelled crab, hermit crab and others ; loltsters, star fish, cod, sting ray, dog fish, spined stickebacks, butter fish, American oysters and clams, grey mullets and French oysters. The seal pond, say thirty or forty feet in length, is one of the rooms farther on. In the center of it is a wooden platform, raised say six inches above the surface, upon which the animals "go ashore," so to speak, when they feel inclined. There are seven or eight seals, and their appear ance and performances constitute a great attraction, especially for the vounger portion of the visitors. Thev are regularly fed on fish at certain hours, aud then the crowd around the pond is great. The keeper comes j with his basket and throws them in ' one by one, and it delights young England to behold the tussles and the scrambles and the races of the plump, gentle-eyed, sleek-coated creatures for their dinners. But now, leaving the seals. I have "other fish to fry," namely, the alligators. Thes are from the Mississippi River. There are several of them, one about seven feet long apparently, in a small shallow pond, surrounded by a high iron rail ing with net work two or three feet up. When I went to look at them I thought at first they must be dead and stuffed, or something of the kind, they lay so motionless and quiet, with closed eyes, in the water. Presently, however, one of them undeceived me by slowly raising his head, and lazily opening one of bis unattractive orbs. Vijitors are warned by a placard not place where the fish are. This consists was qu,,te ferie f our gaze- Then of a series of tanks along the wall, as" the frms- The raatch wa P itwere. The sides of said tanks to-!l,eI and fePrt ""b followed. Weekly Bazoo. SEDALIA. MISSOURI TUESDAY MORNING. MAY 21, to interfere with or irritate them le cause they are dangerous. After this I paid a visit to Urbini's Fleas, reflect ing, as 1 went, upon the suggestive' ... i . . t it. . iact mat tue alligators owed much ot their peace and quietness to their Lr buns per- formiiK' fleas I futind in :i lit lip romii by themselves up in the gallery six-j pence extra charged. On entering! there was the exhibitor behind a sorti of counter, and there were the exhibit-! ed, that is the fleas, before yon. I was curious enough in mv simplicity. to ask Urbilli why the fleas did Hot, hop away. Oh. that's liecause thev are trailldl," said he. That never struck me before. These were drilled aud domesticated flease. These were not wild lleas. inese were broven in . and civilized: these had acoirretl'.iui.,,,..,!- i;fi. ,;i.w. industrious habits and general 'pro priety of demeanor. Thf.y led well regulated lives and had-. left off hop ping. Their hopping dayu were over. This never struck me before, or at least not with such force, till Urbini said it. Hut there was another even better reason than that why thev didn't hop. and I wonder it never struck Urbini to advance it. Hop! I low could they when thev were . tliitifil i .1 I..,.. .A.?vrl tir.9 iiM... : I tllUIIIUI UUU lull HbKtll UJf. II ll, It took all they knew to walk, trot, can ter and gallop. A tiny flea attached to a tiny chain was first shown me. Though ever so lltie a ra.ile of a fellow, he drew his "Uk: chain about bravely, when set ?ol,,e' inai was me nrsr. step, said the exhibitor, in flea-training, to draw a chain about. After that they were harnessed to vehicles, etc. There I saw a c:ib, for instance, one flea rep resented the horse, and another flea, the driver. Another drew an elenhhant car weighing 100 limes its own weight, .1 l ..e i I . i , - anf,I;ar Mn wetI- I lie Ilea ill II1IS Cse Weighed tllf one- hundredth part of a grain, whilst the! i, ..! - ..:..!. l C4. , 'r: - i - i - . ... . ... . snip wcigiicu uiieuu grain, xuis Kinil ot show is no novelty exactly in Loudon, but still it is none the less a wonder how they manage to harness the fleas up and get and keep them under such control. The gentleman oiiil hn took tlmm nut nmf n il-iv ntul tl thorn on his hand. Gom.r Vr -stairs nrain I nevt raw half nn hour orso to the performances on the Cen tral stage, which seemed first-class in their way, such as the trapeze and tumbling business, with feats of strength aud clown comicalities in between. One man sustained a cask weighing 419 pounds with ku teeth ; the cask resting partly though on his knees as he stood. The feats of an other performer with cannon ball won great applause, and when a cannon was fired at him aud he caught the ,t,,e applause was greater still. But the great feat of all was reserved for azel, as a certain young lady was called. She came out in that close- fitting professional costume commonly called "tights," and went away up to the roof. From thence she threw her self nearly 100 feet head foremost np on a netting below. She fell flat on her back on the netting and arose therefrom immediately as sprightly as a lark, as if nothing was the matter. And probably there wasn't, as she then proceeded to prove herself to be Zazel, indeed, by performing two other daring feats of hers in the ordinance line, which we all watched amidst "breathless excitement," as the pro gramme puts it. Away up there above the platform was the monster gun, say fifteen feet in length and three feet in bore. It was elevated at an angle of about 45 over the netting. Into this huge loaded can non the fair creature slid away till she b "Bang the field-piece, twang the Ivrc, as Mr. Jingle says in Pickwick, awav soared Zazel with the smoke of the gun. fell upon the netting below in due time an rignt. vi course there is some "catch" in it, but what that may be was not revealed to me. The trou;e of Arabs went through their usual athletics. One man upheld seven or eight other men and boys, and the others performed in due course, amus ing us with their characteristic antics. The concert here was not the least en joyable part of the performances. Mr. Dianuiorus "torn uowiing gave r k if wii 11 ww great satisfaction, as well as one or two new patriotic songs, wherein it u ta " "v tin si, asserted, for the benefit of all Whom it may concern, that the flag is up and that "England is awake." Focmen are also therein requested to mark that fact aud "quake also that "the true. sharp sword is flashing: bright," am' that "the scabbard is flung away," and that "English hearts aud English hands shall prove old England's sway." Such ditties are now frequently sung at the theaters and music halls, and that kind of music as many friends of peace think, is rather too much in the air. In due course I visited the reading-room, which I found a spacious and nicely furnished apartment. The dining arrangements at the Aquarium are also first-class for such a place. Tabled' hote 5 shillings, and other re fresh men ts by the carte. There is a large side gallery devoted to smoking. Neither are the other five arts alto gether neglected. I saw a few good pictures, and some interesting original Russo-Turkish war sketches loaned by the artists of the illustrated papers. H. W. C. Suffering will exhibit it presence by the cries of the baby, and should be removed by the prompt use of that highly recom mended remedy, Dr. Bull' Baby Syrup. It is free from opium. Price, 23 cents. mm m scytnef, matni. grain cradles, cradle blades, hay forki, hoec, rakes etc., at the the lowest cash prices and the very best quality at Bixby ft Hons. R. R. M. Which Means Railroads aid Rail- . road Men. : ThO Ml3SO'.iri, Kansas ft Texas and Oth-T Railways, D'apw No. 5. DOT. "We-were in here fifteen months," said . he who was popularly known as '-old Je Ko-liKxirn," the Vice-president of the . Utiea, Ithaca am ...d Klmira railroad in thl fall of lSTo. "Inhere" between VannetteiiviUe Yes, ihey wer- in there, a largo force of workmen felling trees ;nl bridging chums to the tune of $-"0,000 per chasm ; they were iu fact building a railway through the heavily timbered lands of Joe Kh1- bourn, in order to open tip a market for the ' s.mie. The companr averaged a m le of L-l trick per month; a great m mv of the' st.,rLI,.,l.l..rs t ..71.1 t,. il.,.;r ..rr.,w 1 by the smooth tongued Joseph, inf. invest- in their sulwtauce in this ''up hill rotite, but the investment proved a bad one for ' n,i 1 a force of men at work "clearing all save the ...an mast intere-ted. ul " ,,'e M the Missouri," would be about as sensible as to attempt The M., K. & T. railway fumi.-bes a to navigate that very unruly stream strong c intrust to this slowwavof pro- jf water in a peanut shell; first jtml ceedure, for instance, it was not ,,tn iLe ,he l,,;,f t,,e r aid an old Petti , .. , , , , county farmer ami then clear the snag May of 15i0 that the woifc of grading the . fnm, u The tax payers of this country pay Sedali i division was begun ; the 12th day I memlmrs for introducing bills of thi. so't of December, the same vear. trains were . the public funds are exhausted in pay running between .Sedalia and Fort Scott, a ' in of representative men for ,. . , , , , , ., iquarlling over old frauds and p-ditical distamre ol one hundred and eleven miles, i lrlckerv : finav wiien ,he iarVest is over This is working with a rapidity seldom celled in railwav historv. The companv company controlling this famous route iiave ureat cause to congratulate themselves upon the 1 I su.tv.s of their venture. While four-fifth Qf the lanrest hues in the conntrv are hare- . t , .i v niacin g enough to delrav txiK'nses. the ro3.J . . - in question is m :i prosiH-rous con.li tion. The fjet that the company is adding new locomotives Irom the best work? in the oiunlrv th-v have recui veil twel ilvesin-ethe L i.Iiu s--ic l).t.vinh;r of 1377. aud o;ar n in pniHirti:i to their il ,w ",!S lK'm c,nm '- roa Mk-I, provs heyonl a d'i'lht that they are making money. There is pmb.ihly no railway of its length in the country whose pissnger traffic is so large when one takes into consideration the tract of country the roid runs through ; but it is its stock and produce shipments that the M., K. & T. railway particularly prides itelf up.m or rather these shipments are its main source of revenue. The rad was organized with a capital tock of $21,-10-, 00i). It co-t 077. Uimiii its official ! list an- the n ones of some of the most m- Ilueiuial men of the east and west, men of recognized ability so far. a railway knowl- edge is concerned. I While speakiiig of the roads which have been operated successfully layout! the most singuine expectations of those most interested in them it mav be well to give a little thought to those which exist onlv in the imagination or in an incomplete condition. Take for example the Texas Pacific railway. This road was prnjted from Shreveport, Louis iana, to Sin Diego, Cal., a distance of 1,070 miles. -i7 miles are already in oiieration. If it had ocen wen com ipleted, the EI Pas ; ues rou hi have been avoided. muntv trout: Hut a-iite from the fact that a great thor oughfare lends security and a sen.-e of pro tection and trustfulness to whatever section of country it posses through, there are weightier reasons whv some direct route " .. from the extreme south to the extreme I binder and reaper here a few davs ago, west should I completed with all possible lglvin.gre,lMti4:lctU)n to tie farieWf but haste. One and the most imp-irtnit, per-, , ,. , bain, isthtj fact that there are thousands of not to t,,e "d"-. hey were expecting men out of employment and 'Satan alwavs ( their $2 30 per day for binding. finds some, work for idle hands t do". In j j lL WaJ ieefficient nn)1 accoraiuo. proof of this, see the communistic organiza- I . " ... lions that are springing up all over the,'"'1"? ",Se"t of th M- "droad at this countrv. Of course the men who train in . point, has been relieved from the active these ranks are fooN, they insist upon a division of proiicrly, they would starve the country by cutting the throat of caoital ; titer wotiliIfef. if titer diviiled tin roiirt-t ot the capitalists $14 or $10 per capita, and E when that was gone there would be nothing left to pillage. Under existing circum stances, in the face of a formidable arrav of nitro-glycerine and other harmless little J on last Thursday evening, and better thn playthings such as. revolvers, rifles, shot f wa, exacted, considering the postponement guns, dvnamit aud all those, in the hands, . . r - .t - r -'r , i t -. i ii ii r on account of rain, on the previous even of an infuriated mob, it would be well for1. r, the Covcrnment to h ud its credit to stimu- mJ? and not being generally known. The late the industries of the country. If some Knob Xoster baud came down and en of the statesmen whose hearts "go out I livcnetl the evening with their excellent vmpathv with the poor lalmring man till I ,' - , . i . , .. by his vote he helps to secure theirelection to a coveted otlio; would manliest a recog nition of one of the plainest demands of labor in its most practical form, they could accomplish more hy one vote than by all the tiioiitliv eloquence they might he gifted with. V.. .tt fll4 .w.j.. ....... be Kn shall lie able to secure throucl. in- I - controvertible logic, the building of this southern raciuc roan, lie win sianil pre eminent amone his fellows as the benefactor k H VI . aw-. ' w ww ii w ' j should le built : It is time the Cer ' . Union Pacificriilmails had a rival. , of his race. Another reason whv this road ntral and IhefnL. lowing freighttariffsshow something of the! unjust discrimination of the Union Pacific ra.iroa,, . . commerce raise.1 ; nf tintiulnrlliril in I oliirmln nn l Inm. . port e.lwest of Cheyenne without paying I e for freight even for 57 miles, than is I more charcfd from Omaha to Ogden a distance of 1,032 miles. The tariff on bacon per car load, from Chevenne to Ogden, I6 miles exceeds the tariff from Omaha to Ogden 1,0.12, 54o ; on beans fcSo ; on mess beef 81; on coal oil $81; on grain $SS; on hides $213; nn lard 71 50; on lumber $70; on powder $10S and on sugar $81. Passenger transportation is in the same proportion. The system of these railways the Union Pacific and Central Pacific is a system of extortion ; they ask it because they know they can set it. Very few passes are granted over their lines; their ten cent per mile for passenger transportation works like a charm, for a Xew Yorker in haste to reach San Francisco will not let fifty dollarsstand between him and the perils of "doubling the the horn." Thi is why a rival route should be buihled (if, indeed, anr reason save the all important necessity of furnishing the children of this Govern- nient with labor and remuneration sufficient to keep them out of the States' prison and the poor-house, needs to be given) for, as af fairs now exist, the commerce of a world lies at the feet of a railway monopoly. At the assembly of the Senate the 28th of March, a bill was introduced to incorporate the National Pacific Railroad and Tele graph Company. It authorizes the corpor ators to construct and operate a railroad and telegraph line from Cheyenne to Fort Laramie; thence to Ieadwood, and then to proceed in a nnrtwesterly directios to the Yellowstone river, near the aouth of the Big Horn river; thence to Helena, Mon tana, aad theace to Portland, Oregon. It 187S. gives the Company the right of way through the public lands, including the necessary grounds for station. Ixiildiiigs. etc.. not to ! exceed 160 acres in ech tract. The capital stock of the Company is placed at S33000. 000, in shares of $100 each. If this l:i-t scheme prosper, and Scott can Mihsidize j the Government out of S-"M000,000, it will . R'Vtf ""rpiusi.ib.r ot thecountry a more honor.thle and legitimate employment than playing ball with "hand grenades. There can be no doubt that the needless expendi til res of this government would, if prnperlv applied, construct :uil equip 1,000 miles of railwav through such .Mates as Illinois I Iowa. MNsouri. Kansas orTexas. each vear. The lands that lie waste and solitary ' throu-'h all this minion of roimtrv mi ht le mule to rejoice and blossom as the ro-e. t ofstationing men arme,! to the U-eth f" .K..- .- .V" ",e ,,l"nJr - . nntuerlv :i':iinst thi raracw nf it .m meant in the wootls'pldyi' it would be neeess.iry to increase and Hreesporl, a ' the tide ot immigration iu place of sup- pressing it in order to have sufficient 1 1 i Drawn anu muscie on nann to oper ate these railways successfully. There Is a great deal of 'thick-headed work going on at the seat of Oovernme.it. A great many appropriations are made that are ot no use to anyone. One of the first made the present vear, wxs an appro- pri itinn of $40,000 to be used in clearing the obstructions from thi Missouri and !- rw. ... .'pni rivers, me nrsi named river is '"ore eapricmus than a woman, and changes ' its channel as u'tt-n rw i VfWiuirt l..l In cnIISIeH ier ostume. or her lover. To be " guided by the counsel of Col. Crittenden. ex-land the summer is ended they lump their ' foolndi expenditures into a heap and call it ! a sinking fund : And thus the National credit is stretched "Itle more to pay those fellows for wrantnn'r - wrangling over everv question save the imiMiriaut i one of placing half a million lf ....i., :,, , t.. i.ni ing. All this waited substance would con- "truct railways which are the legitimate ' m'"l"e ',e American people, for of I IS!,SG4 miles of railway track on the globe f at tiec,Htf nf ISTU no less than 7:$.;"i08 were ilready large outfit, I in the United states, while all Hurnjie con tly eng igetl in im- ' tained but SU.I'JD miles. The three prin- cipnl railway lines in Lnndon(two are under ground and the third partly so.) have a total length of 23 miles, their total capital stock is .lt,07o,451 aud was worth in the July market 1S77, !8.0S0,C93. The net income of the MetroHilitan, the Urgent of three, fur the six months ending June oU, was jC19J,o.'5.'. Mortgages on sur plus lands and floating debts ma-e the united capital of the three companies more than sSo.OOO.OOO, exceeding $,000.000 per mile. In pro- portion to ineir lengia these railways are pmhtldy the most costly in the world; but the immense traffic iiHn them makes them wn-anewtive investments. (Concluded Xerl llek.) LA. MONTE. Lamoxte, May 18th, 1378. From our RtiUr Currespornlnt . There is still some corn coming in. Prices the same. J. W. Berry shipped six car loads ot fat cattle to St. Louis this week. Some of the farmers are planting their crops of corn over, having failed to set a , an,j on lhe;r fir3l pianting. The prospects for a good wheat crop are now not very flattering. Some of the wheat is red to the top with rust. There was a tiial of the Osborne self- duties of his office here for one month, for recreation. He has lieen appointed dele gate to the Cirand Lodge of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows from this district. They meet in St. Louis on next Tuesday. The festival was a satisfactory success n i i t i u n e t . music. Hie band was let! by Prof. Ronton. Sunday School Convention. The Secretary of the Union County Sun day School Convention, for Pettis county, which? met in thin city Friday, reports twenty schools in operation. There are only 2,700 children enrolled in these Sun- dav schools, though statistics indicate that there are 7.000 children in the countv be- ,tt r ttrunft..tt ,Mr- . " . Ihe time ot hooting the annual conven- tion was changed to the second Tuesday in August, and the next annual convention K; fe . on , d T , Augast, 187i. The next serai annual con vention will be held in Sedalia on the thin third Tuesday in October, 1878. The officers elected for the ensuing year are as follows : W. L. Felix, President ; W. S. DeardofT, Permanent Secretary ; I. T. Bronson, Recording Secretary ; Dr. G. L. Shepherd, Vice President ; Dr. G. II. Scott, Treasurer; Jno. M. Dalby, Vice President for Sedalia. A Vindication. There are persons engaged in the sewing machine business, traveling through the country and canvassing the city, who tell by false representations that I am not located in Sedalia and that if they buy sewing machines of S. A. Wright they will I not hae anj one to look after the interest of their machine, and they or some of then say the St. John sewing machine is not made of good material and will not wear well. Any person or persona assisting or trying i to make people believe such statements are liars and frauds. Ever willing and pleased to serve Bay easterners and friends, I am respectfully, 5-19-s4w4t & A. Wjuout. It is not true that the price paid by the Nineteenth Century to Tennyson $IiO a line fur his last ballad is the highest paid in the present day to a poet. Loanfellow received tor "The Hanging of tM Craae" fJU a liae. NUMBER 47. TELEGRAPH Reported by Trans:Mivd.v!pp! As&teiattd Vwj The Latest Congressional News Destructive Fire in Ohio. The Supreme Court of Ohio Grants a Murderer a New Trial. A California Bank Suspended. CongreaaionaL Washington, May IS. House Stephens asked to be put upon record. He was absent, ou leave of the House, yesterday, when the vote was taken upon what is known as Potter's reso lution, and was paired with Harris, but for the pair he would have voted against the resolution as it stood. Ellis, from the Committee on Elec tions, reported the resolution declar ing there had been no free, fair and peaceable election in the First Con gressionable district of South Carolina and that neither Ivaniey, sitting mem ber, nor Richardson, contestant, was entitled to the seat. He stated he would call up the resolution Thursday next. The Sneaker appointed Sparks, Sin gleton and Baker conferees, and the Indian appropriation bill committee. Durham, from the Conference Com mittee on the Military Academy ap propriation bill, reported that the com mittee had been unable to agree. Further conference was ordered and Durham, Clyraer and Smith, of Penn sylvania, were appointed the confer ence committee. The Speaker laid before the House a communication from the President transmitting the communication of the Secretary of the State in regard to the fishing commissioners. Referred. The bill for the election of a dele gate to the House from the Indian Territory was printed and recommit ted. On the motion of Smith, of Pennsylvania, the Senate amendments to the pension opposition bill were non-concurred in, and Smith, of Penn sylvania, Hewitt, of New York, and Spurts were appointed conferees. The House then went into a Com mittee of the Whole on the army ap propriation bill. Hewitt, of New York, who has charge of the bill, in his statement said he regarded the crucial test ot statesmanship to be a reduction of the burdens of taxation, also that the hand ot labor might reap its own reward and keep it when earned. That idea had been the pole star which the Committee of Appro priations had set before it. - The re duction of expenditures in 1877 had been 25,000,000. Foster I beg pardon. The reduc tion does not amount to $12,000,000. Hewitt reaffirmed his statement, and added that the expenditures should be stiil further reduced. The cost of the army in 1860 amounted to forty-five cents- per head of the entire population and in 1877 to fifty-four cents, but made a differ ence of four of five millions. The pending bill effected a saving of 3, 671,000, and that without touching the pay of its soldiers or its officers and without reducing the strength of the army by a single musket. The administration of the army contains now, as compared with 1860, a sur plus of 607 officers and of 7,728 men, ami 53 of the array posts being use less. There was also a surplus in the strength of the army. He thought there was now no dan ger of an Indian war. As to the nse of the army to put down labor strikes, he said it was not in accordance with the Republican principles of the gov ernment to keep an army to restrain anyVportion of the people from exercis ing any just right. If these strikes gave rise to any disorder, it was the duty of the States, individually, to repress them. What the government ought to do was to organize a National military system throughout the coun try. He was in favor of encouraging the rifle clubs, for a Republican coun try need never fear auy disorder when the people were armed. As to com munism, which was flaunted before Congress as a reason why the army should be increased, that never had a footing and never would have a foot ing in this land. Unless Congress should undertake to police the country with a standing array, communism would break out in every town in the country, but if communism should break out the President was authorized to call out the militia if the military could not be trusted. He said that the public institutions were a failure. He then spoke of the manner in which the committee pro posed to deal with allowances for for age, fuel and quarters. Destructive 'Pure. Cleveland, Ohio, May 18. A fire at MassiUion, Ohio, this morning, de stroyed the south and about half of the west wing of Russell & Co.'s Ag ricultural Works. Loss 75,000 to $100,000. Fully insured. Hew Trial Granted. Cleveland, Ohio, Mav 18. The Supreme Court, this morning, reversed the judgment of the Common Pleas Court, in the case of Magill, under j sentence of death for the murder of ; Mary Kelly, granting bioa a new trial. DAILY BAZOO The oldest daily paper in the city, an m-ivcly read throughout the centra lion of the State, by business men, anr" .idling all classes, it offers inducement advertisers as the best medium througf iiieh to reach the public. TERM OF SUNDAY XORXIXO B.V.OO : '..' year, - - - $2 oQ Bank Suspended. San Francisco, May 18. Arrived, the steamer Georgia from Panama. The Dime Savings Bank of Sacra mento has suspended. It proves to have been a sham, as far as it was never incorporated as supposed, hut was run by the firm of Joseph Davis fc Co., in connection with the pawn broking business. The deposits are about $45,000, Assets, stocks, in nominal value, alxnit 810,000, but worth much less. A great portion of the depositors are children. Much in dignation is manifested. Rioting Continues. New York, May 18. London dis patches says the rioting continued throughout last night near Blackburn, the military and police being unable to pi eserve order. Another dispatch says it is the in tention of Mr. Gourney, during the sitting of parliament Tuesday nest, to interrogate the government as to what information has been obtained respect. inir the reported fitting-out of cruis ers ou American waters by the Rus sian "overument. FOREIGN. Great Excitement and Alarm Prevailing in Constantinople. The Labor Kioto in England. Alarming News. London, May 18. News from Con stantinople has a tendency to check the conclusions favored hy the ot. Petersburg telegram. Great excite ment and alarm prevails in Constanti nople, but the idea of the attack on the city, or tor the civil occupation oi the port of Bosplmrus is discredited by the fact that Prince Labonoff. the Russian ambassador, will have an in terview with the Sultan to present credentials to day, and has au appoint ment to meet Layard, British ambas sador Tuesdav. Other rumors 3uch as the Russians have demanded the Porte to enforce the withdrawal of the British fleet and permit Russia to oc cupy both sides of the Bosphorus, are clearly the result of the panic. The Time say the war has already cost Russia about ,000,000,000. MARKETS BY TELEGRAPH; Xkw York Money Market. Xew Yokk. Mav 18. Money 3c. Exchange $4 SOle to $4 88. Gobi $1 00;. Borrowing Rates 1 to 2 per cent. Silver Bars $1 IS greenbacks : $1 17 gold. Coin 1 per cent, discount. Government Bunds Firm. State Bonds Quiet Stocks Market owned buoyant and prices advanced & to percent., subsequent ly improvement was nartially lost, but at noon the market was strong again. New York Market. New York, May 18. Flonr Dull. Wheat Nominal ; Chicago 1 20 : Mil waukee S13i; red winter SI 25$1 33 ; amber SI tfOQSl 30. Com Quiet ; steamer 49c; Ao. 2, 50 jc. Oats Quiet: No. 1 mixed, 342c; No. 2, 33Ae. Kve Quiet ; western 72Ae. Mess Pork Quiet ; S9 00$9 50. Lard-Quiet; SG S)2J. Whiskey-Quiet ; SI 06. St. Louis Market. St. Louis, Mo., May 18. Flonr Ua- changed. y Wheat Loter; No. 3 red, $110tfto 1 10i. f Corn Lower; 37c to 37 Jc. Oats Lower ; 2i.Jc. Pork Dull ; jobt.ing S3 60 to $8 70. Dry Salt Meats Nominal. Bacon Lower. Lard Unchanged. Hoes Fairly active; light shipping and packing $3 00 to $3 10. Chicago Market. Chicago, Ills, My 18. Wheat June S105J; July $103$. Corn June 3Dc ; Julv 39 fc. Pork Jane $8 00 to S8 02$ ; July $8 07. Lard June 6 65. Whiskey-Si 04. Chicago Live Stock Market. Hoes Onenrd moderately active on light ; prices shade lower ; $3 15 to S3 20 for heavv : $3 0o to 531a lor packing ; S3 15 to S3 30 for shipping. Cattle Quiet. We call the attention of oar readers to the advertisement in another column of the great joint sale of pure bred snort horn cattle. The stock belong to fashionable well-established families that will in pedigree and individuals whether for the show ring short, horn herd, or plain cows suit any purchaser. In ad dition to those advertised. Abrani Kemck, of Kentucky, a breeder of world-wide rep utation will offer two or four balls front his Rose of Sharon herd, out of his Rosebud cows by the great Fourth Duke of Geneva. Catalogues sent on application to Taos. C. Anderson. Inspection of stock invited. Progress in Japan. Japan has a certain advantage in not- having been civilized gradually, but by a revolution. Everything in the Government being new, each de partment can be formed on the best existing models or on the theoretically best models to which older nations in civilization have not yet attained, we have been talking for a long tiaae about forest preservation and the ur gent necessity of encouraging the growth of timbers but Japan is already ahead of us in the liberality of its of fers to those who plant and cultivate forest trees.