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SE DALIA TUESDAY, DECEMBER 24, 1878. BAKES BACK. He Arrives from the GulchM the Bio Grande. ol Something About Lipant, Battle snake end Tarantula. "HELLO! Thunder and biases, wake up ! " A stamping of feet jarred the building, the dor flew open, and just aa we thought of another Frank's Hall accident, and wa frantically endeavoring to lock the pate pot up in the safe, Gen. Montgomery and hia Itijr pipe 'teamed into the sanctum and gracefully rounded toon one wheel until he nugly anchored in a chair. After a warm welcome, we remembered that Solomon aid, "business before pleas nre" and a common school education made him rich, o we drew a pencil in three mo tion and fired the following interrogation : Reporter Where are you from, Bke? Montgomery Eighteen miles from the Rio Grande, and about 400 from Austin. Rep What do you call it? Mont Don't call it 'twouldn't come, if you did. But it la way out beyond the pale of civilixation in the unorganized por tion of Weaiern Texan, aoulb of Llano E tacado, or Staked Plaina. Rep What hare you been doing out there? Mont Silver mining. Rep I it rich in that mineral ? Mont Plenty of it. Rep Tell tu something about the coun try. Mont Well, it ia about 4,000 mile from nowhere, comparatively, no Battlements and no white beyond an occasional hunier or trapper The climate is beautiful and it ia a perpetual summer. Along the stream and in the valleys the land is rich and tillable; but a large por tion of it is sand and rock. The Lipana infest that country, and they are the uiwl treacherous set of red devils alive they beat the Apaches. Rep la there much wfld game there? Mont Gmel The country in alive with it, of all kinds, from buft!o to grass hoppers. And as to tuikeys there are mil lions of them. I saw one roost there which the had inhabited for yean. It was over a mile in length, and guano was at least three feet thick on the ground. We lived principally on turkeys. They were so thick you could knock 'em down with stick". We cut off their breaata and cooked them separate, and then stood the frame up on ticka at the fire and turned them slowly around to broil. Why, dog-gone it, I've est so much turkey I'm ashamed In look one in the fce And I feel like flying up to roost every' time I see a dead limb ! The buffalo range all over that country. In ordinary seaaona they follow the water courses and springs, but this season water i plenty and they roam at will. Bep How about the Mexicans da they stake any rids over there now ? Mont No, Diiz is acting in good faith, and has troop guarding hia side of th border to restrain them. Our array i do ing the same thing The only trouble i occasioned by those treacheroua Li pan. Rep How are our soldiers as Indian fighters ? Mont They .are better buffalo hunter than they are Indian fighter. But the Rangers are the boys that mke the Indian hurtle. Capt.Clark command' them. They are all picked men and regulir Indian fighter. They get $40 per month for man and horse, and arc so expert that ther can follow a trail at full gallop. They have lately adopted blood hoand to follow the red rascal thev are sure to run them into thechapprel in a very short time. Rp There was an Indian raiding psrty through there aome time ago, wa there not ? Mont Yes. They cime within five tile of where I was. When 1 trted home, Capt. Clark and a party of Ringer came with me a short distance. When Bear Pointed Rock an old man came up to u and said the Lipana had killed hi hore. (The old cups ought to have been killed biraaelf for being out there all alone.) We rode up to where the ho se lay and found that its throat had been cut by a leopard. Bep Any leopards out there ? Mont Dead loads of 'em. and other var saints. Btdenake thicker than bam He bees and tarantulas till you can't rest. But the stream are full of fih, and there's the dead loads of wild honey. Here BtkeV tongue ran out and flourished lovingly around his left ear, as if in remembrance of something good. Then Bike's pipe went out, an 1 the inter view terminated in the same old hunt and fuss for tobacco that was wont to mate thing interesting in daya agnne, He i up on a visit to his family and to spend the holidays. Every ounce of super fluou flesh is gone, and ha is the perfect picture of hesltb. An Incident on the Bad. A gentleman related to a Bazoo reporter, a day or two since, an incident of which he was an eye whites and wnich is well worth recording. One day during the late cald snp he was on a passenger train on the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe road, going north to Humboldt. As the train thunder ed on ita way through a bitter storm and approached bridge No. 178, over Scatter Creek, about five miles socth of Humboldt, the engineer suddenly saw a woman upon the bridge, with a basket of provisions in one band and a coal oil can in the other. They were right upon her, and the poor vomin eteed paralysed with horror in the center of -the bridge. Like a flash the engineer's arm moved and the quick r-sp of the brakes conld be heard, luting into the swift wh rl- ing wheels that smoked with the friction of resistance. In a twinkling the ponderous engine swept up and stopped about ten feet from where the horror-stricken woman stood a fmse atatue of despair. Conductor Joe HensoB and others immediately went to her rescue and got her aboard the train. She raid that she was the wife of a man who wor' cd on the road in Humboldt, and that she had started to carry him his din ner. The wind was -blowing bard and she did not hear the train until it was right upon her, when she expected to be crashed to death. 8be lived an egain the few seconds she steed pewerleas ea the bridge, and waa deply grateful to the conductor and ether ler tkwtf eaerw an TALE OF A TRAMP. How a .Prodigal Beturned to Hia Father. Falling Silk by the Waysido, He Meeta a Good Samaritan, The term of tramp baa become synony mous with thorn of cui-throat,robbera and murderer, and a large number of those nomads are undoubtedly the vilest of men. Yet it frequently happen that an honeat but unfortunate mechanic, or aome too ad venturous youth has been compelled to wander along our great arteries of travel, begging by the wayside, either in quest uf employment or endeavoring to reach a good home foolishly deserted. Such, of course, have to take their share of the opprohriu ra under which all of tlua clas labor, and perhaps ruore than their share of the kicka and cuff which are ao bertily showered upon poverty' sons. A cafe occurred last fall in this city where a hocns'ck youth met with a kindness none too frequently hown. and more often alued when bestowed. One day a sickly, emaciated young man called upon Mayor Fulhber and told his story. Hi name was Robert Schwaner. He had a father and a good home in New Orleans which he had left to seek his fortune in Texas. He wa unfortunate and wa endeavoring to return, having walked mot the way from Texas to thi point. He had obtained lodging at thecal aboose :he night before. He wished to send a 4elegram to hi father informing him of his condition, but had no money. Mr. Faulhaber, being assured by the young man's manner that be was telling the truth, gave him a written order to the telegraph manager guaranteeing the pay ment of the dispatch, and young Schwaner departed on bis mission. A short time afterward he returned to the Mayor, weak and dejected, and stated that he had sent the telegram but had received no answer. While he wa talking Schwancr sank down upon the floor over come with exhaustion and faint with hunger. The Mayor had him taken to a boarding house and procured the services of a phy sician. In a few days he recovered sufficiently to resume his joutney, and Mr. Faulhaber gave him transportation to St. Louis, from whence Schwaner thought he could make his way home by boat. In the meantime it appear Schwancr had written to his father relating the affair. Shortly after his departure Mayor Faul haber received the following lettter : New Orleans', Oct. 2nd, 1878. 2o As Han. Mayor at Sedaiia, Mo. : Dear Sir: Encouraged by the kindness so nobly extended by your Honor to my unfortunate son, Robert Schwaner, I take permission to enclose a letter to him, as hi Ust communication leaves me in doubt where to write to him. As you will per ceive by the letter to him, open for your perusal, 1 have sent a post office order to M. Louis fur him ; but should he be de tained by sickness and he be really in need of anythii'g you will oblige an anxious father by letting me know, either by tele graph or mail, as circumstances my re quire, about his wants, and I shall respond without delay. Thinking you beforehand for the trouble thi may give to your Honor, and grateful firwhtyou hare been kind enough to do for him already, I hope you will dis pose of me at your first opportunity. Yuurs umi respectfully, Otto -chwaner. The letter to his son referred to in the above wa full affection and tenderness, and assured the son that a good home and joyful welcome awaited his arrival. Mayor Faulhaber informed the father of hi son's departure, and thinking from certain thing that Mr. Schwaner, senior. wa countryman of his, wrote to him making inquiry. In reply he received the following : Nfw Orlsaxs. Oct. 9ih, 1878. To the Hon. Mayor, G. L Faulhaber, Sedaiia, Mo: Dear FkIEXD : Thanks, many thanks, for your kind letter of tlie6.li inst. I permit myselt to call you -den r friend" because you have certainly showed ym are such. I have received no new from Robert since, hut I hope for th beat. Certainly 1 did not expect to find a coun tryman in the II. M.. of Sedaiia, when I first addressed yu. I hil from Marburg on Lshn, Kurhes aen. Do not, please, dear friend, omit to dispose f me when I can be useful to you or your friend. day God hless you and vnur family. Suca is the wish of your devoted friend, " O. W. "CHWAKKR. At last, it appears, the prpdigsl reached the parental home, and enj iyed the kind greeting of those who were so solicitous fur his welf ire. B It young Schwaner waa not unmindful or iingnlelul for the kind ness exteriettce I in Sedaiia, and sent May or Fun limber the following expression of his appreciation of it : New Orleaxb. Dec. 9th 78. Hon Geo. L Faulhaber, Mayor of Sedaiia, Mo: DEAR SIR: Having arrived home safe and sound, 1 deem it my duty to return my heartfelt thanks for the kind and generous iu inner in which you have acted towards me, during the time I was in Sedaiia, and wa really in need of assistance. May God hies vou and your family, and I trust none of them may ever want. My father was glad to see me return and gave me a most welcome reception. Hav ing had a pretty hard time of it, I returned home with the full deterraiattion of re forming nd going earnest!? to work. With repeated thanks to you for your kind assistance, 1 remain, your truly. R. SCHWAXER. Such cases are rare, but when found they sparkle like jewels in life's pathway, and gladden the hearts of all who are treading their way through this too often cold and selfish world. Friie ChristmM Bett Yesterday an admiring crowd on Ohio street collected to gase on two of the finest looking steers that were ever brought to Sedaiia. Upon inquiry we ascertained that they belonged to Cord Krnse A Jo., batchers, corner of Seventh and Ohio streets, east side. The following ia their .weight: One weighed 2.420 lb One weighed 2,190 Bm Total.- 4,61 This, we think, is about the finest beef ever brought to Sedaiia, and will be killed on Monday and retti'ed at Kraaa s Coa i shop. They were purchased of Ben Frei- bach, neir Lincoln. Epicures and all lov ers of fine beef, should go to Kruaetf; Co.'a and aak for this Prise Christmas Beef. Soorcbcr .-Tboflw&i has it, 10 M ain ft SOCIAL CHAT. Matters and Things in Every Day Life. Posting Life'a Ledger Wiih Daily Accounta. The coming week, or the interval be- j tween Christmas and New Years, is gen erally given up to domestic and social en- j j yment. The cares of bui-iness are laid aside, and the parlor, hall room and thea ters are ablate with life, merriment and enj lyaient. On Tuesday and Wednesday nights, Dec. l'4lh and 25ih, the celebrated Louise Pom eroy Troupe apearsgti Smith's Hall, and also gives a Chritiu matinee. Mrs. Louise Pomeroy, i the divorced wife of the celebrated "Brfi k" I'otueroy, and has won a high reputation as an autre. The entire company i said to be first class. The coming week. ! , bring us the Goldens, the greatest favorite of Sedaliatt ofaii professional iroujn. They jiear at Snii'li's Hall Tiuirday, Fiiday and Satur day. Bella (lolden i of cotuse the center attraction, but the entire troupe are artist of high reputation. After : hem the Turner Dramatic Com pany favor our citizrn with a rforinanre. noon and evening, of January 1st. This troupe is composed of Indies end gentle- men of our city, and the proceeds of the entertainments are to be devoted to the kmt. Ttiey have selected "The Hidden Hand" fr representation, and the Bazoo trusts it will be presented to crowded houses. While speaking of amusemects, we will say that Sedaiia can boast of more good, amateur talent, in music, reading and kin dred accomplishment than many cities of its site, and now that the evenings are long a club or society of persons having such talents should be organized which would be not only a pleasure but of great ad vantage to all concerned. Every citizen should feel an interest in self cu.ture, and there can he no better mode of attaining this end than by the establishment of a Literary Musical and Dramatic society. It is not necessary that the club should he a very numerous one in point of member ship, but tho.se who belong to it should bv ladies and gentlemen of congt-nial tate and harmonious social relations. Wc notice that all over the country, lyccums, societies and clubs have been organized, or have rtv utued their meeting with increased interest and membership. To those whose opportunities for self culture have been limited, societira of this kind afiord the best of method fur adv iticcraenl, while the more scholarly find iu them an excellent inspiration to keep lh;ir accompli'Inneitts and learning bright. Every such society not only s Holds real pleasure to each member, but improves, enlarges ai.d widens the moral and soci.l nature of each. It also emphasizes the literary character of the community, Fiauip the people a men and women of culture, and individuality and is a great moral elevator tor the tuai-se. With the combined Iitcrnry,mu-i-cal and dramatic t:.lent of this city tnsny exceedingly pleasant and profitable even ings might be secured. The timid speaker would Poon gam con fidence., singer would improve his voice the performer on inrtrument hi touch and execution, the reader would lea in how to make hi declamation more fFective and a society would toon be aide to give atti active entertainments from which sufficient fund could le obtained to es tablish a good library. There are bundled of ways in which it would be highly ad vantageous to Sedaiia to have such organi zations. Let's move in the matter. PATCH WORK. wos aioHTs is ancievt Mtrr. We are not perhaps accustomed to think of at.cipnt Egypt as a very advanced and liU'rnl country. It is certain, however, that Udie had no caure to make one of the complaints which i olten heard in modern times. Women milit not only hold projertr. but ihy often ahoil all the wealth or their huOunds. There 1 in the Egyptian museum of the Luvra collection of legil document!" from the liiuu of I Voxaii'tr the Great to the twenti-tli year d I'tolmy Ener grta. These documents, which are family con tracts, wilN, deeds, etc, have lately been deciphered by M. Hevilont. He hi traced the leal exiteni.v of several gn;ratinu, and thrown great, ierhp un-Xectel, light on the history of femnle njerty. It seem that hus band always ceded all their wealth, rial and personal, to their wives, who dirpos-ed of it in turn to the children of thn mtrriae or to nsphewa. A widow was thus left in a comfortable and even commanding position. Iet m take the case of Ps tins, who, on his marriage wiih a lady natned Taoutein, made her a bridal gift. -rhap answering to the "morning gift" T the Germans and th Hindoo gift by the nuptial nte. He sl-e promised to make Inouteni a mmll yearly al iowance, on the security of his property. Tlin-e years later we tind poor Patina leep in his wifeV debt, and he promise-ltu vie id up all he has. if h has not cleared h'inelf in thr-e yea'rs. A later papyrus show that Patnia had to sell all . , ' , . 'i and that he sativSed the claim of hw wife at tin j alarming i-acrifiee. Examples of thi kind are I cmninon. Uu-hjuid- were rutl.loaMy "S.ld up," j anl property was concentrated in female hands. The huhaud, poor fellow, olten inerted a clause in the marriaze contract, by which he stipulAtel that hit wile should maintain him in his old as. Dioribiui btculilit. p lelieve. inentionM thefe Ucti, but it wai siipxiscd that it w.n only Diord'irus fun ; a mere travelcrV Isle Tim new papyri demonstrate ticyond alt doubt tliat nisn ha often lieen iu times pt a wroued and .sub mimive being. THE BOSTON' Saor-OIBL. "The statf nient Uit the poor girl has nothing but her character, I stereotyped in their vocab ulary. Tbfy can work, endure hard-hlp. and forego pleasures; but gtMid company or none, is the motto for them. I consider it my duty to give tin topic particular attention, rinre a er aistent effort has been made to establish the idea that factories and -hop arc not only hot-lieds of i vice, but tbeir afachew are rendered unfit for wires and mothers. Moreover, these induntrie aretaset to maintain rcJornntory inititution foradinsolum clsas with which ther have too olten been cooloundrd. There it tut little or no distinction made between tha pure-minded, coa scbntioua girl and the wanton who barters hervir for more money than she ts worth, becsn she Is too fi.esn to he counted. with the class with which alie belong, and enters the workshop for a pittance, no matter how small, so as to nare sppearances. It i ao oatrags for girls who hate nothing bat basest work to depend upon to have to eompete with aoch an clement." Itecsrdiaa their habits, sh says: '-One class of girls Is interested in the temperance move ment, sad they spend their leisure hours inr bnsheilng second-handed clothing tor reformed men, helping their families or advancing the casta otherwise. another class wUl solicit articles of clothing from their friends and cot them down for poor little boys to prepare them to Had employment or sttead school. Others aias ia churches at aaoJerata salaries, sad it taxes their easrgies to the utmost to keep ap thei aaaete. Girls, who lis h) their owa fsmilies saw nay as hoara, mtstu si gay aad nurtafeL :! learh their homes an.l a hook. It wccIJ take ety Mrotig attraction to draw them out agniu, I cousfioeutly rjniri awi n-st is their enjoyment." ', SKILL 41r. If the truth is ftirly utvt, wom-ri htrc imt escueet lor their inlituateJ resaniinj; small auts.Thc reanu why a small araitt it a beauty, i tMH-atiseahon it is natural, it (jws together with th- isvuliar lithomsMttu activitv of a xkmlrrly htiilt figure All the liouesare small, the shoulders at i-l anus -c:it. uJ the general look is dainty atel youthful. In other wonts a small waist is tilj a U-nnty when it i in ninrtinto the rent of the figure. The efiiiiiuon tiutake lies m cou- -iilenng it n U-ntity iu a larse nouun of maie iroimou. A tew ct-ut unrs ago wuuiu, did nut take x-ituiifhc, ticw of ih:ng, and fell into do- I unions whieh in thi- age are a ilimoa to tlm ex. They tinea iioihiuttranatoinr, of the law of proportion or the curve el K-auir, and tiny iiiwiitiilertaul the latinae 't admiration. The latter I Mt.-jH-ct toU-the niot.it the whole, matter. Poets wert- everlasting!? pntUiu;: -mall wait and women tell into tli- error ol siiioiti that a small waist was, iu the ale-tract, a U-auty ami an attraction. In view of all this is there any under that it is hard to eruale women that men !o uut admire "wa" waist? How are they tuiiow tliat the "jiui-iiiiliie of the balLtnls was in its jiui)tu- in proHrtion to the shoul ders? The trouble i that the early rhyincMers liac un-U up tin-ouly iu? of the question ca- ailj ol iKjctH-al tteatnu ut. One rannot sin j ihe rrit'tx'. no Mt eould seriously lift up In voice iu praise of her "ample wni-l" or grace less jMirt!inc." Iu order to reach woman's ear, niudeni wnter iiiu-t adopt a dalereiit coiir-. and it is cutiuu-tu coiilr.l Ihvir utterance willi ihsc ot the liLtllad-iii!;ers. After hin hu the liter, liu:g-, h sit. rlomsch and spleen are utekrd hy nature, one noreliesl a-ks! "It is a inall thinufor !hecr atiue(ho iim-i a cornet ) to s-4V to her Creator, 'I eau lu all this ejj-chma Iwtler tlian you ran, and thereupon to jam all thoe vit.ti orpmi-el..-e l.y n I'Owtrlu;, a very Nwerful, and ingenious- machine .'" Nothing i so u::ly as a pinched waixt. it puts the hip and houlJcrs tutanat4y outof pruiortiu and width. In d.-Iortuin; the aai-t aluio-l all th- viUl organs are artecled ly the pressure, aad the rihs arr pushed out ol their pp. jer plavs. Tig!it-laciii is uslr, U-cnii-e it distorts the natural lines of the figure, and give? an appearance ol uncer tainty and uu-afeno-. Mcu reldom uke to wifea giil who ha too .-mill a w:t. whether na tural orartiticiil. Iu anhit-i turc. a pillar or siipjsirt of any kind l railed debased and lad in art ifwhat is supported le too heavy for thethuir, supMrtiu.and if a lu-c lie aliiioniully heavy and large for what it uphold. The laws of pro irtiu fd lalaocc must t under sIihhI. In a wai-l ti!t-en inches Ut:h are destroy ed. and the rorreoudui;! tltccii- U.lWl!tt to th ey.. Tli-:trve of ih' wat i- cnare and iriiinKi-nUtf. utterly ojjKed to what Rti-kin lia hnwn to the Isiuty in a cane. U.tl orartifitial, -tieli a wait i always uly, it real, it i- a deformity that should lie dirKUi.-ed : it artificial, it i culjwiU-. FLEA BITES. COME AND LET rs ALL CATCH There i no harm in a gla of whiskey -if you allow to rriiiiiti in thesis. Yea there is :i w?l! hurt the gla?. We never, never letve whNkey iu a glaa ts HO r!liflli4. "Is there a hole through Mercury ?'! aks the aptronotuer, Proctor. Well now Mr- Proclor, ve'II tell you something con fidentially we believe there ia, and that the darned old thins: leak The other niht wc walked right out under Mercury and pigeon roost, and well, no matter. Kigurts won't lie, nor our hat, cither. A pointer named Stoke commilttd Miicide in Omaha, by swallowing mciphli e Another nwful warninir tohtick to etrahJi tlrinks and saloon lunches. An Atchison paper advises eopIe to rolled their cast .fFtoyi for poor children. As we liMik from our hack window we ate alxuit 50 pin Imtth a, with which we tisd to while the happy lu.urs away. Yes, they shall have them. The poor children shan't lack for etipiyment if we can help it. We notiw some of Potter & Laiupton'a boots have the wonl "Succe-s" stamped up on them. They look well upon deftet. The Pjri'ians have introduced square unihreSSas. That's the kind that's the kind. Ours are round, entirely loo much round. Wc see a good deal about "A London Correspondent' account." We are anxious to know how he'll settle it. Phoflie Oitizir.s is going to leclnre on ''Some Mistake About Eve." We never knew much about t enld wiman, but judj; incfrotii her photosraph.a.she was a mighty cheap woman to keep. Hanged if we know why Dr. Mary Walker is so fond of being arrested, utile it is because she always gets examined each time. The report that Taluinge was going to visit this column is incorrect. He is to wicked for us. j Evch square inch of skin contains 35- 600 sweat mi; tubes or ieri-piratory pores ' ' ' " People should rememlier this on cold ' morning and thaw em out gently With hot water. The averr.ee weight of the brain of an adult male, i three, pound and eight iitinrex; of a female two pounds aud four ounce. By golly ! we're 1 ound and 4 ounces ahead of them yet, ain't wc? If Texas had as manv people In the the ure mile as M-v-chu-ttsshe would hare a population of eventy-t wo million. Yes, hut look at the kind. The Ok'fcnolxan favor Ihe 111 punch in G-oigia. The Jimp'ecule, Foe Dte Bee, Whangdocdle and BaZ'K) l-ve tot taken Slue in i lie mailer. or. jjouis .-tar. The Bazoo takes Ihe front side of it. J. Burdette, the "Burlingtrn Ifawkeys man," cm be sn-ured about the middle of February. Ft. Scott Monitor. Grab him. Chain him down, then. He's run l xie long enough. -It i- the dut v of all to be agreeable at ' meals. Kr. Produce your meals. Death of Sam Yankee. P. G. Stafford, of this city, a few daya ago, received a letter from Mrs. Sam'J. Yankee, saying that her husband, died at Fort Worth, TeXM, on Xov. 28ih. Mr. Yankee, was County Clerk of Pettie county from 18C6 to 1870. Hi father and brothers still wide in this county. The pe r and humble, alike with the rich and powerful, ind in Dr. ball's Oiagh Syrup a true, tried and trattad friead. Price, 25 cents a Urttk. Bui tlie greater portiou of them are ton plad to CHRISTMAS. The King Veatival of the Holiday a A Doacription of ita Origin and Perpetuation. The holidays are her. The shout of merry childhood proclaim it, the aif hta and sound ia happy homes announce it, and the bouaes anil Irca and white rold landscape mutely attest that winter' festival have begun, and the kirg of them all ia three daya diataat. Thinking that a description of the origin of thi gret day, ao dear to humanity and interwoven with ita sweetest associations might be interesting to the readers of the Bazoo, we take the following frjui an emi nent authority : Thi wont Lhrutmax, ia associated now in the mind of neatly every nation and tribe under the sun, with a period of feslivit and rj itcinx. And not only is this true to day, b t it ha been tiue alintwt from th lime when the anjfel appeared to the ahep held near Itethlehem in Jmlea, yinK. "HchoM, I bring you tiding of great joy, which fhall la? to all people." In search tug for the origin of ihe wonl itself, as well a for the ciixtoms and ceremonies which it usher in, we have to go bck to a date im u.rdiaiely succeeding ihe Christian era it self. 'Clement Alexandria, who lived and wrote about the vei.r 180 alter Christ, aaid that Mime were fixing the year and day of Christ' birth even then. About the same lime, or even earlier, we hud a feast day being celebrated by Christian, ai.d called then, as it la now, E. ipliany. The word Christmas waa not applittl io thi event at first ; it wa simply a birth festival, anil held without regard to any funicular time or dar. At length, a we have cet in the li nasi nl (.lenient Alexandria, some bei'an tn . : , . . --- - I iioivi, iruiuui nc nn'i. mi; iuki: fix day on -Inch to bid b.ril.-f.s .. j v c fc mana-er. Evta val. That day in Clements time was., , - . , . " thouKht to W the 20ih of May. Kifiv rears l"lyea, a girl about nineteen y ar Uter it had been assigned to theCth of Jau- of age, came to the hotel to work as ury. which asoberve extensively. Uihere fixed other I tdher day. At last, after various daughter of Charles T. Kelvea. a cur ings o the emlrndar, and varioii , who ,; t m CircuIar ve. of date, it settled down to the i5lh ' . rv i i - . . .i shifti change. ..f llavnihr vwhiek haa rrmatnvd since, and which date was tetablihed by even rap-1 itecrre. f in aeep tronoie, ami appr.rentiv not in There U not the slightest probability that gouud mind. About three icleck on this date represents the actual .ime of afternoon 0f Ociolier 4th she lol l Christ V birth. Both tha dav and the yean.. , - . i are hotleelv 1.M br the chance wi.ich have been made in :he manner ol reckoning time since t he e vent occtiried. The Jew had one method of compting date, th lUuans another. The Komaiu tried to mend theirs under the nisn of two of the Cavar. but it .1 .-.: .,...i.i.a. t ! t-in. pire of Justinian, that ihe method of " reckoi.in time fom Christ's birth waa per- nianeiiily establi.-hvd. Henre nurconclusion jf,'. theie is no piobahility. or y,'''' ssi- biliiv, of asceriaiiiing with anv kind ot ac curaevthn true date of the advent. There is no question but that not only the dates, but in many iustancf s the precise localities of, Christ's eaithlv labora and appearance aie ptirposelv hidden from absolute identi , ncation. Iiiiui.ui nature i inherently prore to id-d-worahip. and were it ,,-ihle to tell the very day of Chri-i's birth, or the exact smiI wlieie He was eiucitied ami buried, e should eee an exhibition of idol airy entirely unparalleled in the history of the world. Therefore, both spots and dates have been forever buried out of our leant ami NX II. nuiiu ii.c iiiuiniu auu . t. i :..i.. :a the rubbish and wrecks of aces. If, however, we mijit cive a gues as utlached. Mrs. Case looked at the to the true date. e should place it where .j, nU(i wascnvinceil that it wa n many ot Ihe liest liibueal echolars and. .- . e . m;ica placet, in the Utterpartolptem- ,0"nf,.t , ' - - t ? ' g herber, or early in a-tober. All the indi-'Bl"- The lather was uotihed, and U cation Kcein to p int in that dirvclinr. It and Mr. Case looked through the has Lvn aserte.1, with some reason, too, woods ail dav Mondav till dark, frnil that the early Christians, Iwins .Hebrews. Tm TllftJiliiV U'orninir eailv. th l'1 iJe P.!'.',1 tVL1,,LCs-T5J;'' father searchef again n.id tion with their reast of tabernacles winch t . . , , ,. , , occuried in eatly autums, afier the ineath-1 over the paths lea.hlig tliroU-h erinj: of the fruits. The 2olh of Deceaiber the woods, and at half jnist nine he is allogelher too late. Theshepheids would (started southwest fmtll Ihe piazz i not have ln out in the fields at night at ' - 8epn knoll, nt-ro-s iv hi.-h no uch a season. The prent clinisle of ..i ...i.:.r. .i l.iimuicu'icii' luiuiua iiik riiiiiiiimi.' : e l I It Whenever it wa it mu-t have been earlier he was horrifieit to find the mangled in the -eason than the 25th of December, temains of his daughter lying scalier The inquiry aiies then, "why was this j ed about ver quite a large space ol date selected in prefeience lo any other r' jjp,,,,, He cried out aloud in his There aie M-veral reason, for the selec- j . f j oihmvHin n:n u h;tn !lml Hon : hirst, uniformitv wss desirable, and,b ... - - , ,PI . . as there was no possibility ol ever scertain injs the true date, the 25th of December wassa goods any other day. Besides, this date waa coming into prettv Kcneial ii'e at the time it was Gxed upon. Second, the date itself waa not a matter of so ratu h const quenca. The important fact was to commemorate the birth of Christ, whenever it occurred. Aceoruinglv we find at first the early Christiana celebrated a birth festival without regard to any particnl-r day. Biit it waa decided for church pur- i4s that the festival should be observed Christians celebrated a birlli simultaneously, so at length they resolved to fig it upon the 2oth of Deceml-er to se cure the result. The third reason waa more important. The 25'.h of December, or thereabouts, has been observed as a period of festivity and rejoicing ss far hack as we are able to trace history. Amongst ihe ancient Greek and Humane, especially among the latter, a leaat had been observed about thi" time of the year almost from the be ginning of ihe existence of the nation. It was called the Saturnalia, in nnnorof their god Saturn, whom they made the rater of the earth, and the producer of ita fruits; or, in a word, tha god of nature. This fes tival at first waa observed only one day, December 19ih ; afterwards it a as exceed ed to three, and finally, by order of Emter er Caligula, to seven, which would btme it lo its culminating point on the 23th. Dur ing iIim festival all classea gave themselves up To unrestrained liberty and merryaaent. Friends made presents to eaah other; schools were cloed; the Senate did not sit ; nn war was proclaimed, no criminal ezecuied." Slaves put on gay apparel, had unrestrained liberty, and sat down large public table and were waited upon by iheir masters. Songs were song, processions formed, services bald ia the temples par taking of a joyoaa character, and universal good feeling and good will ruled the hour. All thia was before the time of Christ, run ning back over 600 years. But a festival at thia time of the year was by no means confined to the Latin t race. Among the northern Scandinavians tribes and nations, inhabiting the countries now known as Denmark, Pvorway, Sweden and Iceland; among Ihe Gula, or ancient Uermans, and among the Cells, inhabitants of ancient France, similar festivals were observed with similar irjoicings. The Scan dinavian nation, the Leila and Uermans, the ancient Sagons our forefathers, kfpt flva counterpart of oar modern Christmas. Hoa-a were deck- J ed with evergreens; songs and carols were , sung, the wassail bowl passed freely round and; j J vtxiling and feasting lecme general, and , . . .. . k I i I -t--.-.!""""" t rtinj b.rk aa fae a we en trace ane-. thing, iato the very dawa or twilight of history. The explanation of this Yale fsatival ia as follows: About the 25th of December, nr - f" W. e his most distant and snathernmoat mint, the Tropic of Capricorn, and then commences his return journey northward. 1 hia date, therefore, in reality marka the beginning of a new year, and when we remember the fact that the sun stood to the heathen world as . t. & Iua. . . - - a! tk- n n.1 a. J mm .... 1 .-J I J. mrt imimsieiy conneciea wnn nim, we can easily ase how, as thia ran began to eome hack towaids them, afier going away kteadily for a Ions; time, thy woaU be U4 to regard it ss tha return of God himself, and thns break oat into demnnatrationa of joy and expressions of gratitude. Aa the Tear comaaenced. nr sna began to come bark, they conld easily see in praspect green ields, waving hsrvestaand renewed activity in all the parwile uu4 plesaarss ef Jim. Tarn iwtttra waavayvw as taeir minds tha idea of coatinaetl favor and pro I pitiation. ana a new grant or leae of. con- i linued exiatelice. And So thev i?ave them- selves up to a jvons rclebralion ut this re- !. i , I, turn in the manner already described. It is n:l surprising, therel'oie, that ihN birth-festival of Christ should have drified n ii .- . , . naturally and aluuat in-enaibly Uiward thi season of the year, ami not ur.ri-iug either, thst the ruling power ol th? 1'ap.tl I hureh suuutu : utviivw ...is i. t me iriuid- nent uate. For it fell iu with the prevail ing custom and tendencies of the and ao maHe it easy work to establish it- nh-erv-a nee. Accordingly, a high maa w order ed in honor of the day, which gr.ulul!v lecaae known and designated as Christ miM, or, in our ahorter.ed pronunciation, Christmas. Such, in brief outline, i the -. .. . , origin and import of our time-ho iored ai d onderful holidy. It signifies literati v a birth-festival in honor of tha advent ot the Princa of Peace. AW UNMITIGATED HORROR An Awful Fate of a TcunK Girl a Suotde Saten by Uoa9. From the Albany Argus. Tuexlay nioriiitiij the people of Saratoga Springs were horror stricken by the news that a portion id the re mains of a yctine woman had Ikmui brought by a dog to the pi:izz.-t of the Glen Mitchell hotel, in Greenfield, two miles uorth of that village, in quiries revealed the fact that the rumor was true, and that on further search the mangled remains of u young girl named Ktta Ki-lyea had been discovered ou the hilt in the ( n if! rove back of'tlie hotel. (Joroaur lloyce was notified aud went to the spot and held nn inquest. An Jryu representative, learning of the dreadful discovery, went t- Saratoga Springs, Tuexlav uftemoon. 1 and on arriving at the Glen .Miiciu-M ' t . a, 1 t-1 aTll f. , I ,l,v r. II. .:... f.,..t.. ; a .servant Uctober 21. Mie was (he ,ciicci. auiiiijc iiri in ici 141 1 111 mv hotel Mrs. CVe nuticeti that shi was ase fim was going oul into uie WOtsls to gather autumn leaves. Uli j her not returning at night, Mr. Case an, ,irc m., iul- axu called for her in i he grove, and getting no answer sumioseu sue uau con no.-iie. , . . , ... m ... I tie next morning lie went ilowu to Mr. Kelyeas who told him that hi. daughter hail Iwen improperlv intimate - brewer living in Greenfield, , , r e i ? i i ir Ulld he was fearlul ahe had gone off him. atlding that he 'would tatlier find her dead in the wood ijian know she was worse than that." ,r Caj4(, mre ihnussht to , . . ... . f ,B m"er- pl""S hu f ? he was leattitig an abantloued life, But Oil Mondsty of thi' week Ilis clerk, on arisin' in the inoi nitiir. found that Lie tlojr hl biought some carrion on I , i ' i I '.e piazza, which on doe examin- ation, proven to iw H unman skuh , with shreds of flesh ami clothing . ;ij tUn pavii icvi. jusi saw tne disiressuiir siint. ine uotiv had been mangletl by the dogs so that hardly any-vestige of its form remain ed. It lay about 210 feet from the hotel, at an elevation of 50 ieet above it, iu au unfrequented section of the grove. Near the remains was found a pocket Derringer wiih au empty I b,,rrel, which was identified by tl j f , w 4allgller own;,;. . b. T. TT . C oroner Boyce and Dr. Ilodgran the :in matlean examination ot ihe remain? and found a p&ol shot through ihe right temple. An inquest was held, and a verdict that she came to her death Oc.olier 4ih by her own hand, was rendered by the jury. The evi dence taken before the jurv was that of V. B. Gilbert, the hotel clerk, Mrs. Catherine Case and C. T. Kelyeu. the father. Mr. Case said about two weeks since he noticed that the dg had been near carrion, but supposed he had unearthed a dead horse buried a short time- before. That no trace of the body was discovered by the elHuvia arising from its corruption iu the long space ot two months may be accounted for by the frequent ran:? and the closeness of the grove iu which it lay beneath the boughs nt pine trees. The sticide is said to have been a good-looking brunette, of medium size. Her remains were taken in charge by the father, who is a man ia poor circumstances. She w:s his oldest child. The mother nttemnted suicide few years ago, about family troubles, but was .prevented ns ac complishment. Such is the sad fate 'of another "unfortunate wenrv ofjlal: breath." A Drunkard's Brain. FromiLa Se emTa Arac-.caa Hyrti, by far the greatest of the age, used to say that he could distin guish, in the darkest room, by one stroke of scalpel, the briau of the in o,l " ' , , "! . sooeny. aw ana men ne count con gralulate Ul-i class Upon the possession 0f a drunkards brain, admirably - fit twl from its hardt H a.ul more f demonstration. When the anato- mist wtsiies iii preserve a numan orain for any length of time, he effects that object by keeping the organ in a ves sel of alcohol. From a soft, pulpv substance.it then becomes comparative- lv haid; bat the inebriate, anucifcit ing the anatomist, licgins it whik the brain remains the cousecrated temple of the soul while its delicate and i eossaaser-like tissues sti'I throb with the pufcu of heaven-bom life. Strange infatuation, thus to desecrate dries up all the fouatains of generou3 feelings. petrifies all the tender humanities and sweet charities of life, leaving only a t a aram ot leaa ana a neart oi stone, Gum, piitoU and amnni tiam af aU Unas at WJLTkorm aafcCt. -f KIP JN RHYME. N-r th village, in a cutt.ii.-e .-mall. t ' "U' fie. kiiou to m An Kirifih drinkins:. hittl- lm. who never would otk. hut roatuetf aU.ur. ' A!av-rtdy with V-t jih! on;r. ' JJ:"- "W' V.' ,l,:"s- . , "sluinif on vou l!i 'cn-d the oMin vrow-. : .,i (l ,.. i ail,i kui, t,iM,r ' "t - -.itl th- ts.v. lor they nonid -hut . '"I1'? -mm1 ,'r.r ,:l i I riev vc llin a l-l in fVerv At lll he w.i? r. ;iy to throw oritcb. At uiihie- he wa- the ti.tr!-t Kv uuttcii. And many nn uichi:.'.- t-- ci. w brmht Uhen ihp took hold nf hi twine and kite. And s. lie truteri.t the tunc uwav "'M"i n:Uiired 'n.i-h.' tney all would -hv. Hut I he viikie imr-vu hevei"i a sisrh. ' l't itie sir-::i .t hi nte tm ometiuie. ',, H-STJ" fe.V,.V'i tXK '' ; I rof she never coiitil U a i;. nil., dame, , nt ii,.wi,-a ran.i n.ueh t.:e .V- l.ip. in ltt-eii. uetit letdiltg hv. rMich, lit!. Hut litiledid Kip an Wutk.eeHri ror ttlfeor leitne. :i heu:,-. setiium th b it tri'ii in hi- eii ht-t-are- toilrnwn; Hi eddltIl: wife, with her thrrntenititrown. At 111- Coltsie il.Mir he Mire to . ' '! ttii-." ai.l Kip. "i- i j.I.i. e t.r me," -s.dowu ti the tavern l drink hi- rum. nd ua-te hi- tmi.Mvith -oiue rei u-ed tdiiltn, lie wa-. -uri- to o.i.r he knew that there II - would lind it ula and a :i.-.iut eh.ilr. Ind j.. 1 v l ll-ov.-, uho liKt-d l.l-tun, ,i.d tli- l:il - he told of In. dii uttd tiun. Vet hi- ua-.-ntl iHtta.-orry lite. Fur sot a-he U.-. . he oV,i l,lvife; And he uoiiM tipple xith i:iy at.ii mglit. .id fh- vvoiiM --oH liiiu wfliwill li'ru.:lit. fliti- Kip Van Winkle runt tunny a srirt, int up iu the nioui.t.uu- xiiih't rfliel. lid oree :- h:id eUnil d tost ditty hi'iutit. When the Mtn wviit douu and tlie.-tmil.- of niht I .nn- it, tt"iu li- v,..-, ,iu t tlu- j:u- tree.- tall. And th-eld ur.iv r-!.- mi' I tin- nuletlait i' d'i-Uv un.J nun. 'nd hiied away, till twtit. I ke inl.. ii the ii.iniiit.iin lay. Knll liutliy a mile he bad .-trnved that il.iv. lid up in lite iii.-'iutioii- h.id'to-1 Iu- nay, Ami there h-mu-t stiy through th-r gloomy tithi. lie! .-t.iv. i niel unit lor Ihe inoiuinj; uht." Ileihoiiht ol ll..--tori.- -ir:iiii;e:tiidf!d vlhu'litfray-ls-aiidoivn in tlie vihiee told: "Atkd ulit, -.oil h-."if the tale- were true? Ihavei.eurd .ooltol a phatiii'lu erew, 'Alio, !)( mi ln .'ut-ki!-, aituiht loti, r-'roth' and r-vel uitli wine and -on;;." Iiit Iheti :i Volee Ireiii :t lieihlniriu hill tied. "Kip Van Winkle ? and nit wa- -till. Iht n he lo.kxl iilsiteniid hel,xS.d U Unv, liids-iu iiotath:ututa lonely erou. "!!, !! Van Winkle!" the volee .-till cried. And S iiio Ki.T-knik.d loin- in:i-ler.- -uie. l;:-t tin Ii from n tiller, t : in.ui enine 'Mit, it:- l.'- Uele -hon and hi- UIV -tout, lie '..ot.eil like a Initvhiii.iii in s.y .t yore, A ilh bin ton- U bun I :tn.l I tition- 1-litre ; he held a k. null at. lt"U tip, in-1 he 1-.-k.-nitl tor U'i-1 the aiinsr Kip. ihpb'id lii-tear-. tMil a: la-l eotupheil, nd iMin th- k up th- mountain -i.i... now nnd then vi hen a ttitind.-r - at M (do theiuoiint .'ii in inWe. KipuouM teal M-U at hi- iiiioe. but never a aord riuui theip-ot theijiifer old iii-in was hard. lp. '!" !'. 't:iinU r.d. HI. M! ill la-: lii-tniuerluiliei. i:io.uiekly ea-t sii.ii.ee around, atd 'i-.-tmtie a eruvr t- ev r ittiy mortal in.t; did ;. u U'er1 playing a? tune.pin-; ut e.-rv- bull 'Tu:!' hill to -ee how in-would tall; AiKlthey rotI.nl ind roll. d. non.---loi; a word, nd thi- ira? th- tliuiwa-r lop Ind heard. iti-ir iiai- wer km. v-.tn -i,".ir-iar erowti. They t:iwii the ki if. and ll.e li.p.or il-iiieil. tl.i il to ,h brilo ol , .1 It ion Sftoue.l ; nd a T old matt unite : -111 lo l!i. - iniedi a- to .-e. "Wut lull t:k-a uii!' N..r -lid he liiiser or tni :. think. i-Vr ii thirdly aud ivaut -.i a ill ink -I il n-: it. ih'-iilit I.e.' It can l-e no -in, i-i ii -rneiu lik-tie Uwi of lloil.tn.i t;m." -o lii hi--up to tin- riiu oht eliaj. And drsiiuetl it dry. then ft a .jiiiet nap He .-tteiehtl him'-. ll on the mo--y uroiinil, l;.l -.M.nwa- wr.p-it in -leej protoiuid. t lt !. woke; it w;-a niiiiv morn, !!! the -tran.-oM mar, of theh-n vta-y.iia lie tii-y ntin: i.ml- ttiittt r nnl nop. While an e". wn.il.d r..iin.l tlie iiioiintiiin ton . ih. ni rui.'i in-eve-f.,r another iuht urelv . :nl he. "I liaw i-tejit all niht. ii" thought of" I In- lliit.ii and mix Mill :l!e. "! vvli.it -hatl lit to my fiery .latr.e? lif !.ltitlr tdten-l: "I ktio.'tl.at"he Ha a te-.rfui leetitie iu -ton- for me." II-tiM.k up hi- ua. nnd -traiiU" to .iy. Hie n... lind rotteiim.d r..ru a'.TnV !b rii-f.l to bin bet nnd hi- joint wer. -ore, ..i.i he, ioii-t j;o toioy home oneo more." fhfii. with tt-nimiitf ,-te". ho wandered loi; iii.iz.m hi- mo ret ht- Unlive man. i'he .ople liMik.'d with a wondering fare, 'or Ki a!:i? wa- a fin r lliT-; lb- totter-.! lipto lu-eotla iloor. Uut hi- vv ife wa de-.id. .111. i eoiild eot. noniAre; Vn.i d'.Miiut lliei.ivern h- -oiit:tit in vain K r chum- he una oniiM nevet iiiet.ir.iin. II- I."'!;.-.! a he Ki-ei. at a srottp ol iirl. rr l.tet'tRclitiiseyeHHrul tuvxen i-utl f the ehdd lov". 1 u- lo- to-... I hi- hf. -he wa-a womiiit jrou. throncli ht'e'-liard -trife, el ah.'ti :ln-y met and her band !. tie-k. -he l.liih.il. and trvehi:ia t'"ii!m I""k ; Uut -h.-kn-w her lather and l;i ed libr.'.w, il pi.t -r. .l with m .ik-nnd x.riiiki.-.- now, l-'ir Ibp V.111 V u,UleT:- old and srr.iy, .".r tuenty -uminer- iad p d aw.iy Tor twenty virir- of -now mid frnt Had lie iuh'- iiioiiiitaui .-oim!r hi-t : t hi- Iv- tor -orie-w,- all the iuiie. Vud he olten told id th- U!'i'-m value. 'lie revolution !md eoine nii.l ji e, id v.uiiij Ani'-rn-n s-.itliereil .itnt. I! eeivt'd In lab - with inanv a doubt. wliil- h'- hoti).h'daMiii: ttie loan. Tll'Mi worn and ue-.irv at 1-i-t l-uddrmn. r..r hi-bvkr were vliiteand ht limb wi-re ore, i;d Kip Vna Wuiktf will wake no more. MINING TOWNS IN GEORGIA. Gold Washing and Illicit Whis key Makngia the Hlhs. D.thlonea, Gu.. Dec. 9. The gold mining of ihis region would he more properly described as "gold washing," for, although the work is not placer washing but the crtishiug of gold bearing material found in deposits and veins iu the hill shies aud through the masses of the hills, it is all worked in opeu cuts and washed, or, as the local term has it, "flooded," by means of rheirey!..r-Miiaii.and theiri-ard-htiimdown nent lor jir. Jiurpny or any other nieirhuh heeled -ho.-loUt,,! .e.ikd to,-. ..!. l.iliMo ill uvo;f lr" "Vnt unlr la f b li.d their leg-.wvn-.-ovredu.tli 1-re.l ho-e; OlOJiollS ajMlie. JSOl only IS I tie , i:ieiriio-e-wreion. like a potker---Hour, ?a!i ot nil spirituous or ina it liquor vii'i in y ticMi.i.ii ai.ii -. him n ;i-1 nevniov. n nnonr. water artificially taken to the lull tops 1 (dished. As cookipg books say, it waa f?om the cuts to the respective mills, "served' warm. Another peculiarity of this gold' A mining population is generally '.vashinr is that poor material is 'ignorant ami uncouth, being debarred crushed here which would probaoly , those advantages which add so wjateri not ne worked elsewhere, and that! ally to the growth of a section or rich material, which is here in abun-1 community. The educational advan dance and would be worked elsewhere. ( taues in this section were cotnpara- is entirely ignored. All that is work ed here is sstulf containing "free" j years. The close of the war found gold, and labor here is so cheap that j northern Georgia impoverished' and it pars to work ore containing even a without the means of education. The dollar a ton, while sulphurets, of; United States Government had at which there are many veins which j Dahlonega a building admirably have assaved unto S2(0 aud S300 a 'adapted for school purposes. The ton, are not worked oecutte there are. as yet no reduction works in the en tire belt. Labor is in far greater supply than can to-dav be employed. Life in the hills is cheap aud the requirements, few. Thr re is little or no agricultural . the North Georgia Agricultural Col work to be done within a radius of ten lege, maiuly through the efforts of the or twelve miles of Dahlonega. About Hon. W. P. Price, the President of Gainesville one sees some cotton and ' the Board. To this most excellent some corn, but that is leit behind, some six or eight miles out oi Gaines- ville, and from that point up to Duhlnucga the oniy signs ot human 1 h" or aru the unsigtitiy vestiges ol . gold hunting, in the shape of piles of j tailings on the banks of every gully, i-tr"im. or creek, through which mounds, in many places, a second growth of trees has shot up and partly hidden from sight the hideous j distortions made years ago on the face among the nnest schools in the -Mate, of fair nature. ' The ultimate aim of the Board is Unskilled labor in both white and to make it a free school with a colored, aud is paid by the railroad course of study beginning with the company, and generally about Gaines- alphabet and finishing with the de ville at sixty-Sive cents a day. The gree of Bachelor of Arts. Students regular rate paid nt the mines is of all classes flock here for instruction, eighty cents. Work is carried on all Owing to the insufficiency of aaoney the year round and every day except the autaber of teachers is small, but Sunday, and the hours of labor arej they are earnest, aealow workers. Ia from sunrise to sunset. There is uch the last seholastic; year 300 stadeata a superabundance ot unskilled labor attended the college, while the uni that the managers of the mining versify at Athens haaoaly 169. The works are unabie to select the most school is open to hoik sexes, and the t-r-tworthy, aud this is generally .'syateaj ot education) works well, white labor. Colored men and whites The military deaartasent of the work together on a perfect .equality, college, which p uader the imaiediate but I am inclined from investigation . command of Lieut. Joseph Garrard of to Iwlieve that white labor is generally the Fourth Artillery,, U. S. A. was preferred. This white labor is almost ( organized early ia" the sprini.feRioa entirely of young men, and the of 1877. Military drill' and diacijdiae writer' was forcibly impressed with i obligatorr unoav all aaale student a. the utter listless aud almost hopeless! expression on tne faces na in tne ne- meanor of this cbss of labor. To mm u spoxe or a-wii-cnnscKiaswess or leirrMwwtiontia being obliged Jht dire necessity, to consort vitb aaaV wtrk I 'alongside o( what these young aen had leeu brought up to coaaider an , inferior race. One day at the Pigeon Roost, while wailing for Col. Hand, who waa in the building planning the location of the turbine wheel for tha new mill on Mr. Barlow's property, four laliorerg parsed uut ot the bed of tle canal close to the writer. They were all young men two were white, two coloted. Each had on his .-hoiilder a pick and a long-handled ; shovel. They were all dressed alike. ; dirty, unkempt, aud almost in nigs, t The sole difference between them waa in the color of their skin, but as they filed past the writer, on their return from their dayV work, the whiten raised their eyes to the writer and . each of them gave him a "Uow-de" : the colored men made no aign. It is I not cuitomary there to return the Salutation of a colored man, and they : iflkeinently seldom venture one. ' One wonl about the condition of the , freed man us the opinion was forced t upon the writer. He learned from j what he believes reliable authority ! that the increase of such di.-ease as consumption, diphtheria, pneumonia, ! and others of that cht.s is enormous among the colored race. The truth I serins to he that, from having been i taken care of in time of slavery, these i .'tinner elaves are totally unfitted to j take care ot themselves. They expose t i!:em;elvcs to the inclemency of the t weather aud in other ways, with the j inevitable re.ults. As before stated the demand for labor is small, and as an old darkey of whom the writer had usk'd his opinion of the personal ! result of emancipation to him said ; '()ii! ina?;a, us mighty bodersome at times to get de tirub !" An uu- ! pleasant deduction from what he ?aw was forced upon the writer, he found himself face to face with one of the results of emancipation, and felt that the death ot slavery means extinction of the colored n'ce. Another feature aoout Dahlonega . and its vicinity is the temperance pro ! clivitv of the population. It is no atrietlv prohibited bv municipal law in Dahiouea, but no liquor of any sort can be bought there. In the hills there are still supposed to lie some i illicit distillers, known there as "Moou- i.: " t... .i. ...ir.t i. .-ii' iei!, nut iiicmiiii itiey innae is au villainous that as one of our party said after smelling it, "I have always Ieen in favor of a reduction of the ! armv. but if United Slates front ars . . , . , u occupied in miming out, arrest i ing, aud consigning to the chaiu gang 1 the scoundrels who make such noisou as this, I would use all my influence to increase the army to a hundred thou-and men !" i On one occasion, while riding I through the woods with two ot his . friends, the writer saw some of this stuff made. One of the party had expressed a desire to taste this whiskey and the gentleman who was showing us around in the woods took us up a trail almost invisible by reason of fal len leaves. We came to a log cabin and dismounted. Some very ugly looking dogs were told to "lie down !" with an accompanying expletive, and the occupant of the cabin very little better featured than his dogs asked us in. We inquired whether he could give us a drink of whiksy. He tumid to-a man, whom we had not seen, lying on a lench away back in the cabin. "Jim," he said, "is there- ! a"? 'h'S? ? 'I ivu, it 3 au out. en, luaie some, and hurry up." And Jim did made it. He stuck some pine logs and what is known in Georgia as a bit of "fat" (wood full ot pitch) under an iron pot standing in the corner, and lighted the fire. The pot had a tin cover on it. and fastened to the cover waa a broken earthen pitcher attached with some dirty rope and bandages. Out of this pit cher.slaa ting downward, was an old gun barrel. This was the still, pure and simple. The liquor soon be"an to trickle into a pitcher placed ( under the end of the guii barrel. and . the luoonshinner's task was- accom- -tivelv none until within the last few Lniten Mates .Mint, or rather nrancn mint, at Dahlonega, waa built in 1838, at a cost of $70,000. After the war it was used as a school for colored chil dren. In 1871 the Mint building waa procured for the Board of Trustees of gentleman Georgia owes a large debt of gratiltiile. The University of the State, holding ! toe Laud fecrip fnud,eauowed the col- lego with per annum., winch has since been increased to co.oUO. For years the Northern Georgia Agri cultural College has nobly worked its way on this meagre amount, aided by a few others gifts from private individ- uals, to a position which places it unless, prevented by physical disability. 1 his is ine oniy military scnooi in tna State, and is attracting attention. -Chaap taaka 1 tlLt Caima Stoca.