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THE STCh A f if A WEEKLY BAZOO, TUESDAY, OCTOBER Q3, 1883. J RICH HILL RACKET. The Completion of the Water Works at the Enormous Cost of $100,000. A Batch of Personal Mention and Other Items of Interest. Special Correspondence of the Bazoo. Rich Hill, Oct. 16. Mr. J. M. Wise spent Saturday in Kansas City. Postmaster Hill, of Hume, was in the city Thursday last. Col. Kollkenbeck is again able to be around, after a four weeks1 illness. Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Templeton have re turned from a lengthy visit to Ohio. Mr. H. G. Spraker returned Tuesday, from a visit to his parents in Illinois. Harry Pentxer, of Butler, was in the city Sunday circulating among friends. Col. Bowell returned Wednesday from a two weeks' business trip to Gallatin, Mo. Saturdav was the Rich Hill Coal com pany's pay-Jay and a large crowd was in town. Mrs. A. C. Kuher is adding a new brick addition to her house on Sixth street. The city is putting down new crossings on the crossings of Park avenue and Sixth strees. Col. Brown was called home to Girard, Kas., Friday, on account of the illness of his wife. Col. Pitcher, of Los Angelos, Cal., is visiting his son, O. H. Pitcher, president of the zinc works here. E. R Beach, editor of the Republican at Butler, was in the city Saturday on a short business trip. Mr. Chas. E. Jones departed Friday last for a two weeks' visit with his family at New Albany, Ind. W. 0. Atikison, esq., returned Satur day morning irom a lew weeks' business trip to Russellville, Ark. Miss Laura Blochert has been con fined to her room for several days with an attack of malarial fever. The popular and whole-souled E. R. Merrell, of Kansas City, was in the city several days the past week. Mr. C. H Helmes left Sunday night to attend the annual reunion of the Knights oi Pythias, to be held this week. Mrs. Walter Pierce returned Monday last from a nine weeks' visit with relatives at Warsaw, Hannibal and Keokuk. Mrs. E. J. Burch, wife of Superin tendent Burch, of the coal company, is vis iting in Carthage and will remain some time. Messrs. Powell and Gorrell shipped on Wednesdry last eighty-five head of fine one and two-year-old steers to Pleasant Hill, Mo. Mr. A. Francis has purchased the old building of Minor & Massie and will re move his stock of goods into the same about November 1st. The New York notion store was closed up Monday pending a settlement of a dis pute that has arisen between members of the firm. Mr. Griff Sweinney, of the firm of Clark Sweinney, returned Friday from a ten weeks' visit with his mother and sis ters at Bloomfield, Iowa. Mr. Jerome S. Bo am an is the happy father of his first boy, which arrived Thurs day morning, at Walnut, where Jerome now resides. All parties are doing well. The mail of the Gulf road was two hours late, both Wednesday and Thurs day. Also the mail from toe Pacific north bound train, Friday was three hours late. The J. C. Gay lor comedy company rendered Fun in a Boarding schoolTuesday night last week to a good house. They were well received and all seemed satisfied with the exhibition. Mr. Gus Boaman, Miss Joe Lane, J. W. Fowler, Miss Austin, Ed. Riley, and Miss Sallie Finley, drove over to Fappin ville, Sunday, to view Haley's bluff, "situ ated a short distance north. The day of atonement Thursday last was freely observed by the Jews of this city. Their places of bnsines being closed from 6 o'clock Wednesday evening, until six o'clock Thursday evening. Mrs E. Allen, who has been spending a few weeks with her brother here, left yesterday for Leavenworth, Kas, :where she will visit other relatives for a short time and then return to the Hill. Miss Retta Kirby, of.Joplin, who has been visiting Mrs. Senator Dearmond, for several months departed for her home Monday last. ML& Retta made many friends while here 'who will miss'; her sadly. The price of shaving lias been reduced to ten cents. The fraternity raised the price to fifteen cents, Sept. 1st. But .itfdid. not last long, as on J as 1 Monday one of the fraternity 'dropped (o teh,cents and till the rest followed biiit. Rev. H M. Hackney attended the ded ication of the new church just completed through his efforts at Hume. The dedica tion occurred Sunday, and was conducted by a minister from Kansas City. Rev. Hackney comneaoes protected meeting in the new church to-morrow night. Miss Loui Lord in "Linnwood Case," entertained the theatre goers at the Sander son opera house Saturday evening, in a handsome style. All who were lortunate enough to see Miss Lord were loud in their praise of her emotional ability, and in appreciation of her talent have tender ed her a complimentary benefit Wednesday evening, which tier manager 'has accepted. At a meeting of -the fire department Monday evening D. W. Covell was elected chief, J. M. Wise, assistant chief 61 the west division ; J. W. Hodges, foreman ; G. J. te.aHtaat foreman j Y. K.Sq9tt,.ec retary, and . J. at, iwise, " treasurer. The water works company will be-ready to torn on water in a few .days; perhaps -"Wednesday These worka have been ' completed at at a-cost bf $100,000, as stated by Superin teiidenter. 4 - ; The amount of coal shipped .from here during Sepkmbex was '$$00 ing 4CK) tushels' to tr ctTmtki; 000 bushel or 105,600,000 pounds. It will be seen that this is an average of 100 car.- per day. The managers 6ay the amount shipped this month will far exceed this if the cars can be obtained. The demand, is increasing daily, and they have been una ble for some time to get the requisite num ber of cars. Acquitted. Special Id theUazoo. Warreksburg, Oct. 18. The trial of A. T. Bolton, for assault on a negro named "Modoc" a few days ago, occurred to-day before Mayor Clark and a jury. City Attorney Robertson, assisted by S. M. Wheeler, conducted the prosecu tion, while A. B. Logan upheld the part of the defense. The jury, after a short delib eration, returned a verdict of not guilty. A week or two ago the negro Modoc step ped into Bolton's meat market, where there were two or three lady customers, and be gan abusing Bolton, using very obscene and profane language. Bolton asked him to desist, and instead of doing so he became mere abusive, when the irate proprietor ejected him a la Sullivan, the arrest fol lowing. For some days the coon lay in a critical condition from the effects of a club in the hands of Bolton, but has now al most recovered. "Five Drs. ; no end of medicine ; no relief. Dr. Benson's Skin Cure has driven away all eruptions and I'm nearly well." Ida C. Young, Hamilton, 111. Druggists keep it ; $1 per package. M G1NNISMAD. He Says That His Wife Has Been Systematically Robbing Him For Some Time. Mr. John McGinnis, who resides at I Brownsville, was in the city yesterday, for the purpose ol securing some property, which he alleges was stolen irom hini by the sister of his wife, Mrs. Annie White, wife of Nicholas White. He obtained a search warrant for the alleged stolen prop eriy, which was placed in the haudsof Con stable Carnes for service. In company with Mr. McGinnis, the constable visited the White residence, where he found two feather beds, four comforts, a pants pattern, and a roll of new carpet, which he took possession of. Mrs. White vigorously resisted the seizure of the property, and threatened to put a head on Mr. Mc Ginnis, but the latter having the law at his back in the shape-of the strong arm of the constable, defied the obstreperous female, and carried off his property in triumph. In conversation wfch a Bazoo reporter Mr. McGinnis stated that his wife did very well as long as he was a poor man, but as soon as he began to prosper iu the restau rant and bakery business his wife began to help herself from the till, and had been robbing him for months. He says that he had all- of the work to do, even to the washing of the dishes. Becoming tired of this arrangement he went to Ohio, deter mined to bring one of his sisters home to assist hira in his duties. He was absent about ten days, at which time he returned with his sister. In the meantime Mrs. White, the sister of Mrs. McGinnis, had arrived, and when all of the parties came together, there was a first- class family row. McGinnis says that before leaving home he had detected his wife in the act of se creting some silver forks and spoons. The irate husband says that he does not desire to prosecute his wife's sister, as he has suc ceeded in obtaining his property. He af firms his intention of never living with his wife again, asserting that she has fleeced him long enough. There ma)r be another side to this story, as there are to most, but at present it can not be obtained. Why Tiey Call Him "Old Man." "Yes, that's sadly so," said Jenkins, "my hair is turning gray and falling out before its time. Use something? I would, but most hair restorers are dangerous." "True," answered his friend, "but Parker's Hair Balsam is harmless as it is effective. I've tried it, and know. Give the Balsam a show and the boys will soon stop calling you "Old Man Jenkins." It never fails to restore the original color to gray or faded hair; Richly perfumed, an elegant dress- ing. Taxes for 1883. The tax book lor 1883 is now in hands of the city collector. The book ihe was Is a made out by Mr.- Fred Puttscher, and fine specimen of cherical work, the hand writing being in a plain and handsome chirography. and not a blot . or- scratch on the book. The following figures will doubtless be" of general interest.. . Valuation Ke.tl estate....... .' 81,711, S,Vi Personal; .". :.:..59G,U Railroads and banks 4&4,:0 Ad valornm... 350,tMO Tax SJ0.S13 1 ,475 8,744 6,300 Total...... - ..33,123,094 S56.332 Special' licences...... Water revenue...!. . Police fines ...515,000 10,000 3,009 Tota! revenue of city. .....834,t"2 NOTHING BETTER. Marsh's Golden Blood & Liver Tonic is Highly Recom mended. j "In tny experience of many years I have never met with a remedy that I could so freely recommend, for Blood, Liver and Kidney complaints,, as Marsh's Golden Blood and Liver Tonic." M. E. Hall, Fort Scott, Knnsas. -"Having heard your Golden Blood and Liver Tonic highly spoken of, I bought a bottle for my wife, who was suffering from Dyspepsia and Xiver complaint. I can now join with others in its praise, for it quickly cured ber.? J. M, Scott; Chilli cothe, Mo. 1 "Marsh's Golden Blood & Liver Ton ic "has cured me of Scrofulous' humor and kidney trouble, from wh ich I have suffered for yeaW'-K'W: E: Morris, Burlington Iowa. ' ' f J ' Marsh's-' Golden" 'Blo61 nd 'Liver Tonic and Marsh's GoldeWBalsak; are for sale at Thosr3". Fletcher's Gem drug store, SedaHfc: i Large bottle 5Q cents and $L Trial sue uifceeata. I'j - -:Jn rn-r- Ihn.i'ilii'iii . n 1.":. i : jii&j il.l ui Stocking yarns, all wool, Oftly.'SSUIat the Woolen Mill store. 10-2 wlm. NEWBURG CENTENNIAL. Celebration ot the Disband merit of the Continent al Army. A Grand Day and Grand Oc casionAddresses from Leading Orators, Newburg, N. Y. October 18. This IS one of the lovelest of lovely autumn days, and the confidence of the ptople in the glorious sunshine of the 18th ot October has its vindication. During the prepara tions for the centennial celebration of Washington's disbanding and taking leave of his victorious arinv, all questions about possible rain were met with the answer that for tbe past ten years the 18th of October h s been clear and bright, and that bene dictions of sunshine were expected Great crowds of people arrived by boats and trains last night and thronged the down-town sheets The bay was illumin ated by electric lights all along the river front, and a large number of vessels, includ ing yachts steamboats and United States war ships, riding at anchor, made a pic tnresque scene. At sunrise to day five navy vessels fired salutes, which was responded to from the shore by cannon planted at Washington's headquarters and elsewhere on both sides of the river. The lawn at Washington's headquarters was thronged long before the hour for beginning the exercises. , Two hundred New York citv policemen aid the local force in preserving order. The citv never presented a finer display, flogs floating: everywhere, and there is an un clouded sky. Not less than 50,000 people are m town. At noon scores of steamboats arrived bringing military and excursion partus. Putnam Phalaux is a notable body. The Phalanx looks ss if a-band of "ol- Puts soldiers had come again upon earth with their uniform steps and tactics of revoiu- liouary days. Although at l-SriU p. m., no appearance of a parade scene around the reviewing stand is insoiring spectators, thev crowd every vantage spot and enthusiastically cheer the various organizations as they march to rendezvous. Governor Cleveland and staff arrived from Albanv at 10:30. President Arthur sent a letter of regret. Conkling was also invited but conld not come. The procession started at lzrlo p. m. The governors and their staffs generals and staffs marines and sanors and troops of the state made imposing while joined with these were favorite display, visiting troops, veterans, civic societies, etc., which made the procession four miles long. At a few minutes before 1 o'clock Gov ernor Cleveland and staff, Governor Brown of Rhode Island and staff, Senator Hawley and counsel and other invited dignitaries took seats on the platform as the proces sion headed bv the police of New York came in sight. As the head of the procession! reached the grand stand there was great enthusi asm among the people. The governors of the diflerent states, Senator Bayard, the chaplain, orator, poet and others who had special parts assigned them in the exercises wheeled from tbe ranks to the review stand. A march past took place to enlivening music and the parade was dismissed The people then hastened to the lawn in front of Washington's Headquarters where the exercises took place. After overtures by the fine band of the Seventh regiment, Mayor Ward called the assemblage to order and Rev. Dr. S. Iranaeus offered prayer. A tedium for five hundred voi ces and band followed aud then Senator Bayard was introduced as the president of the celebration exercises, and delivered tbe following eloquent address : My Fellow-countrymen I feel sensi bly the honor ot having been selected by the citizens of Newburg to preside over the interesting ceremonies of to-day. As a native of one of the thirteen states which orieinallv formed the Union. I ac cept the honor of your selection in the name oi ueiaware, wnose citizens treasure me memory of the part their ancestors bore in our united struggle for- national independ ence and cherish the honest name of their forefathers, whose fidelity and cqurage were well attested on the long line of battlefields wh;ch stretches from Long Island to the Savannah river. To djy we have assembled here from, our homes instates far distant from each other, all drawn together by a common impulse. of the brotherhood ol American citizenship;, not as citizens of New York, nor of New Jersey, nor of Massachusetts, nor of Vir ginia, nor of Delaware, not as citizens of any state, but as citizens of the United States, to commemorate. with joyful grati tude the sacrifices, the toils, suffering and virtues of the band of patriots whose united valor aceompl.shed what, their separate efforts could never possibly have achieved, and which have made us toil ay the happy inheritors and possessors of liberty aud in dependence under republican forms of gov ernment. " A full century has passed and now that we find ourselves in the midst of a bounti ful harvest of prosperity, possessing a the elements of wealth and power, let its grate fully cast our eves in reirocpHct-of the cm- ( dition of thi:is ou this vi ry spot, whereon we stand to-day one hundred years ago. That was the seed time of American lib erty and independence ; this if the harvest home, and it is meet and just that we who to day reap in joy and safely should remem ber those who sowed in toil and danger. This meeting was fitly opened by the voice of reverential praise and prayer to the Almighty Ruler of the Universe, in the hollow of whose hand rest the fate of men and nations, and whose providential care is so plainly discernible in the control of the marvelous struggle, which our fore fathers, a scanty band, conducted .to a suc cessful termination under conditions that oftentimes seemed to forbid even hope, aid amid difficulties and adversities almost im possible, now to conceive. Who can read the history of the eighth eventful years of war from 1775 to 1788,H even at this lapse of time, without breath less interest and agitation, mingled with wonder at tfce'reeiih. He wb'ean rise from its perusal, without a real king sense, -an ab solute conviction of thtr . pretence of lMW hand; of ait ovemlinr, Providence;, in. jpr. ;ma' affairs, mast indeed i be t wm! revolt abnormally ooaeiituUd, and i he who afafUe to,omp9ehes4 taa trBevaluptjthjvirjnep which marked the characters of the menjo that period, who were the instruments ofl Providence in bringing forth strength out of weakness and victory out of defeat, can know but little of the true origin of our present happy condition of the methods by which it was attained, and the conditions uuder which alone we can hope to pre serve it. With minds and hearts freed from the asperities, jealousies ana misunderstand ings which may have been engendered by the political differences and personal am bitions of. our time, let us, forsaking all such things, return to the day whose hun dredth anniversary we celebrate. It was the day on which the Continental Congress issued its proclamation announc ing the end of '"a contest involving the essential right of human nature," 3nd in voked Divine aid "to give wisdom and unanimity to our public councils, to cement all our citizens in the bonds of affection aud inspire them all with an earnest regard for the national honor and interest." The congress was then in session at Princeton, in New Jersey, whither it had withdrawn from Philadelphia by reason of the turbulence of a discontented and mutin ous portion of the army, and Washington, having suppressed the disorder, had at the request of congress left the headquarters of the army at Newburg, and taken up quar ters at Rocky Hill, a few miles distant from Princeton. There is a happy coincidence in the day of this proclamation, for it is also the an niversary of the victory of Yorktown, Octo ber 18tb, 1781, followed by the capitulation, on the 19th, of the British army under Lord Cornwall is and the virtual and of the war ; for no battle of importance was fought after th t date. When the news of the preliminary treaty of peace, which had been signed at Paris, Januury 20th, 1783, was conveyed to this country by an armed French vessel, well named "The Triumph," congress issued a proclamation of the event, under date of April 17th, 1783, and Washington promul gated from these headquarters his memor able order for the cessation of hostilities, and recalled the fact that iu date, April 18th, was the anniversary of the battles of Lexington and Concord, where the first blood had been shed in the struggle for American independence eight years before; and which was uow crowned with success. On October 18, 1783, General Heury Knox, the brave bookseller ot Boston, whose robust frame of mind and body made him so distinguished and impressive a figure in the great struggle, and whose patriotic vir tues and abilities brought him so close in peace and in war to the heart and confi dence of his great leader was here in com mand, and by him was the action of con gress made known to tbe army, congratula tions were tendered upon the prospect of a permanent and honorable peace, and thanks awarded to the army for long, eminent and faithful services. Its final disbandment was announced in these words : "It is our will and pleasure that such part of the Federal army as stands engaged to serve during the war, and as by our acts of May 26th, June 11th, August 9th and September 26th last, were furloughed, shall from and after November 3d next be abso lutely discharged by virtue of this procla mation from said service." And well was it under the wise recom mendation of Washington, there recited or ders for furloughs had been liberally grant ed and that officers and privates had been freely allowed ever since early spring to go back to their homes until but comparatively a small body remained here in arms. For upon these brave men had fallen the chief stress and burden of the struggle, it sufferings and exposures. The perils of r had been dreadfully aggravated by waut of proper supplies, and still more by a delusive svstf m of paper money. The mis eries brought by the fiction of an irredeem able paper currency were equal to ail other woes combined. Their starring families. their honorable debts, their daily needs, were all subjected to the curse of a depre ciated and vitiated currency "What man is there of voo, when if his son asks bread will he give him a stone? or if he asks a fish iunl V" rill he give him a ser- let this was done by the congress to the brave men, who had so fought and bled to establish their country's liberties and claimed no more than their stipulated pay which thev never received, and despite re iterated promises, and "fine word," prom ises, which were never kept, and words which were mere breath, "mouth hon or, the arinv was disbanded and melted away : not without angry remonstraoo s, npt without serious threatenings, not in deed without proposed treasonable organ ization : winch last, Washington withered with his tiery iuuiguauon and ground to powder under his feeK iXeyer was the weight of his personal character with the armies he led lo victorv mote strikingly manifested, nor its value to the country proven more importantly,, than in this "dangerous crisis when the" crown of unchaslened power and militarv ambition was held out to his grasp only to bedashed lo the earth hv a love of country, which never for a moment was obscured by personal interest or ambition. It art is. ever to preserve in marble or on canvas a true likeness in soul and bodv of tins great m: !he occasion of liis thus putting under n.a feet -the solicitation? of unlawful power an'1 rrabition will surely be selected, , ju: Was-I.iii'tt.n never crawl. long a; ! he survived, 'u urge the j:st claims of his sunenng companions in arms lor jusuce, upon their country ; and his name at least is without reproach for'the sins of omission in this regard, which have never been re paired, and which I fear, now, havehecome irremediable. Standing here in the sunshine of this October day, with all the glories of earth and sky enveloping a landscape singular in its beauty, how powerful do the local features appear to us ! This anciept mansion built by a Hu gnnot emigrant one hundred andthirty years ago, who sought and found in this land, re ligious as well, as civil liberty, was. occu pied for the year next preceding the dis bandment of the army as the head quarters ,of j the commander in-chief. 'Aiid, fortunately, the arm of public protectiqm and , preservation has been thrown around, it by the state. offyew York by whom it was purchashed, and sine 18o0 itkas beenjn the.hapds of the, trustees lo Iqrbe. preasfyed'as nearly as poasible in the feftHl MWgtqn left it., ures,oX:iht..dwellinr inside .and. nnt the ttuT naye been There coliaVd, and 'id of this ana iuture days, can repair miner to note with reverential interests the simple habi's of the founders of the great republic. The mansion is in itself an impressive orator, and its consecration and conservation as the casket of patriotic memories is a duty which will faithfully be fulfilled. It is also a subject of congratulation that the congress of tbe United States and the legislature of the state of New York, jiave joined in recognition and gratification of the wishes of the American people by appropriating funds for the erection upon these grounds of a memorial column. To day, in the presence of the president of the United States ; of the governors of many of the states ; of representative bodies of the volunteer soldiery and militia of the several states ; of detachments from the army and navy of the United States ; of this vast concourse of American citizens, and beneath the folds of our national en sign, its corner stone is laid and soon it will arise, a conspicuous and attractive feature, to which tbe inquiring glance of every traveler upon the lines of railway or the bosom of the majestic river that flows past its base, will be lifted ; and so may it stand foreyer, pointing heavenward, to per petuate the memory of the courage and de votion of the patriotic army whose last headquarters were upon this spot. Standing upon this commanding height, what a wealth of historic scenery is spread before us ! The noble river flows in al Li the serenity of its beauty and calm strength, just as it did nearly three centuries ago, when the hardy and adventurous Dutch navigator, whose name it bears, first cast anchor in the bar that lies below us. A little later and the flag of Holland yielded place to that of Great Britain. Another century passed and the flag of the American Union of states was raised, and bes now for more than one hundred years floated in placid seienity above these waters ; the symbol of the controlling and unquestioned authority of a government truly deriving "its power from the consent of the gov erned." Yet, as we cast our eyes down this beau tiful channel of the Hudson until they rest upon West Point, memories arise of mingled shame and honor. Then, as now, humanity exhibited its weakness, as well as its strength ; its selfishness as well as its self-sacrifice ; its baseness as well as its no bility. The same place that reminds us of George Washington, recalls Benedict Arnold. The dangers to the cause of American liberty at that early day were from within as well as from without ;)there were traitors and peculators and faint and false hearted time servers ; and great was the embar rassment and sore the distress they caused, and the injuries they inflicted upon the struggling patriots. It is to be hoped that one result of this and other commemorations of the historic events of the revolutionary period may in duce among our countrymen a more care ful revision and study of those times and a realization of the difficulties and dangers which our forefathers surmounted in their toilsome journey to independence and nat ural existence. In the words of Key's im mortal song, let us be aEver mindfu1 what it cost." If we look for the causes of the success of the United Colonies of uembat'led farmers" who withstood the mighty arma ments of Great Brittain, we discern not alone valor and determination born of a holy and unconqurable resolve to die as free men rather than live as slaves, but also the rigid enforcement of the simple and practical virtues, essential to a people so weak in' wealth and resources. The men who led that struggle were personally rig idly honest and honorable, and with close and painful economy they underwent the severest privations which were essential to save and to spare the slender treasury of their conntry. Had these unshowy and simple virtues be?n replaced by a careless and lavish prodigality ; had an easy pleasure-loving self indulgence and luxury been substituted for stern self denial and fru gality, how soon would their scanty re sources have been exhausted, and the hor ror and sufferings ol poverty and starva tion brought to a ialal close ! How can the influence of set by Washington and his overrated in givin? a tone of the examp'e associates oe unselfish de- votion and ciean-uauded. integrity in pub he serviee ? Do vou remember his words lo -congtess in his first address, to the United States? . A "When I was first honored with a call into the servica of my country, then on the eve cf an arduous struggle or". its liberties, the liht in which 1 ctufemphifeti my duty required that I should renounce every pecuniary compensation. From 'this resJ lution I have in no instance deponed, and being still nnder the iniiession which produced iL I must decline-us-in. inap plicable to myself any share in the per sonal emoluments which n:ay be indispen sably included in a permanent, provision for the executive department, .aLd must accordingly pray that the pecuniary esti'-" mate of the station in which " I am placed may during my coiuinuauce in it le limited to such actu.il expenditures as the public good may lie thought to re quire." How high and clearly cut against tbe. kv of hisib.rv rises the column of the rfr- ccowreu. wuii strict none?;y aci tin.i handed integrity ; not one of whom ever grew" rich in office or attempted' to fatten at the public costj but many of- whom be came poor by devoting themselves to the advancement of their country. ' .Such are the persoaal qualities tfiat make a nation, and, as the success in ob taining American Independence was chiefly- due to then, so the cause, of their adversaries was proportionately weak ened by the prevalence of opposite vices which demoralized the forces sent for our destruction. Much .light has been lately thrown upon the inner history of the ad ministratien of ' the British government during the reign of George III.,, whilst the war against the colonies was being waged so "unrelentingly; and the picture' drawn by Trevyllian of the "spoils system" of that day accounts for much of the disaster and disappointment-that awaited the attempts to, - subdue , the polonies j aad j padded .sack fearful susas to the British debt; Accord ing to tm writer 'the tfclitfcirclw were hovtytcaiibed with iporrupliiu ; offices oi honor, and lmMace rwere; eld but metehkndi& Wttlof tSblicTJfi der reigned supreme i df.it lun- "Members -of parliament- bought' their seatsasdAen oHbfcesMeifea. Jheikhig himself selected, at his special department, ! the manipulation of the house of com mons ; he-famished the means' and minute ly audited the expenditures of corruption. Every reformer of abuses'-who had got hold of a thread of jobbery which was strangling the commonwealth was discouraged from following up the clew by the certainty that it would lead him sooner or later to the door of the royal closet." Thus venality and servility became in grained in every branch of the public ser vice and disinterested patriotism was rele gated into obscurity. The names of com manding officers on sea and on shore, m the campaigns against America, have been associated with transactions which prove that their abilities were directed against the public exchequer rather than against the forces of the enemy. Says Trevyl- lian: "The king knew the secret history of all the hucksters of politics, the amount at which they appraised themaelves. the form in which they got their price and the ex tent to which they were earning their pay by close attendance and blind subser vience. He was at home in the darkest corners of the political workshop and up to the elbows in those processes which a high-minded statesman sternly forbids, and which even a statesman who is not high-minded leaves to be conducted by others." Contrast this revolting picture with the conduct and career of the men who led the American colonists through the long and arduous struggle for their liberties. It was a war on one side for diminion, regardless of justice, by a rich and power ful empire, whose forces were wielded un der an administration weakened by cor ruption, immorality and profligate expen diture ; in wnich patriotic objects were but little regarded and the gratification of pas sion stood in lieu of a conscientious pur suit of public welfare. On the other side, with forces numerically feeble and almost wholly unapplied .with the sinews of war, a scanty band of agricultural colonists animated by a pure and lofty love of lib erty standing in defense of their birth rights, of home and fireside, sustained by a religious faith in the justice of their cause, and added toby the practice of hon esty and frugality in the administration of their resources, emerged from the unequal contest victorious and unstained. Look to-day at the carefully kept ac counts of Washington's expenditures as commander-in chief of the forces, tiled by him at the close of the war in the depart- ment of state; marvels of honest pre cision and modest in character! Scan closely the personal characters of the coun sellors he selected for his cabinet. The first, Gen -Henry Knox, secretary of war ; next, Alexander Hamilton, secretary of the treasury; then Edmund Kaudolph, attorney general; and Thomas Jeflerson, secretary of state. For the supreme court, he selected John Jay, as the chief justicej and Rutlege, Wilson, Cushing, Blair and Iredell as associate justices ; every name is lustrous with virtue and talents; upon the character of none rests the slightest cloud. Each of these upright and patriotic men accepted the creed of Burke: "The principles of true politics are those of morality enlarged ;" and public confi dence naturally followed, ratifying and ap proving his choice of counsellors. Such men are the proper depositories of public power at ail times and under any form of government; and well is it for a people when such men occupy their highest stations. By such nominations Washington was putting in practice the precepts he had given to the governor of all the states in a circular letter, written on June 8tfa, 1783, from these headquarters . This is the moment (said he) to give such a tone to our federal government as will enable it to answer the ends of its in stitution ; or this may be the ill-fated mo ment for relaxing the power of the union and annihilating the cement of the con federation.1 And then he continwes m such words of p'atriotic couusel that you must permit me to recall them and ask you to engrave them onyonr memories : "Four things are essential to the well being 1 existence of the United States as an inn pendent power : ' Fix. The indissoluble union of the states under one federal head. Second. A sacred regard to public jus tice. Third. The adoption of a proper peace establishment. Fourth.The prevalence of that, pacific and friendly disposition among the people of the United States which will induce ' th?m to. forget, their local rreindir nnH politics, to make those mutual concessions which are requisite.' to the general pros perity, and, iu some instances, to sacrifice . their admitted advantages for the interest of the community. These are pillars on which that glorious fabric of our iudependence and n itioual character must be supported. Liberty is the basis, and whoever ' would ' dare to suy that foundation or overthrow the structure, under watever specious pre-, text he may attempt it, will merit the bit- -tertst execration and severest punishment which can be inflicted by his injured country.1' : Even then, standing on the threshold of a gres t fat :re, Jiis triof o eye discerned . 'hii . sec ini als upon which uis couui: v must, rely tor "W safety and progress. His" coun selt, wise and true then, are equally so and -as valuable to-day ; and it is well for us, ' in considering the safety and well-being 'of the vast superstructure of the population, wealth,, and variedhuman Interests which has been built upon the foundations laid' by Washington and his associates, a centu ry ago, to remember from what materials its strength was derived and to what prin ciples it owes its permanence and must de- pend for its future safety In stating the reasons and objects of this ' impressive convocation, I hate detained you longer perhaps than I had a right, but , the earnestness of my feelings as an American citizen ; my sincere desire : to "; keep aJiye the- glorious traditions of the , early heroism of bur history must plead m'yexcuse.' . Ou behalf of the cottmiitee charged with t conducting ihese exercises. I bid you: all , ( welcome m the "name of our eommon America ftiaeiMhip,aud congratulate you j that we arernow to have the privilege of 'listening to an address appropriate to the ;owion, disunguishSdf citiaen' of r the' ; Aiww; i jri ufiLt wuu- jitua 4,nigu iui9cu ana, oeneni to tne counirv. x nave th honor and pleidre tirtrdiee t-yr the Honorable William M. E? arta.