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Monroe City Democrat. "VOL. 15 MONROE OITY, MISSOURI, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1902. ( THE MISSOURI DRACONIAN PERIOD. A Dark Spot in the History of the State. The Test Oath-Without Taking it Could not Vote, Hold Office, Preach the Gospel, Teach School, Practice Law, or Serve as Juror. More Than One-Third of the Voters Disfranchised by it. Soldiers at the Polls, Ballots Burned. Many Unconstitutional Acts. There has been a time in Missouri when there was not fair elections, but that time has past in'o history that time was while the State was iD the bands of our Republican friends. More than one-third of the voter were disfranchised, and when Democrats wer elected in spite of the wholesale disfrnchisement they were not permittedllto take the office to which they had been elected false counts and burning the ballots was re sorted to. The Test Oath not only required allegiance and loyalty to the Union from that time on, which would have been a just and wise provision, but was retrospective. Without taking the oath a man could not teach school, preach the Gospel, practice law, or eeve as a juror. A term in the penitentiary stared every man, who took the oat, in the face. March 7, 1865, the convention passed an "ordinance vacating the offices of the Supreme Court, all circuit courts, and county offices and these officers had been elected by the people. The object of this was to get a Supreme Court which would not declare any of these nefarious acts unconsti tutional. Before submitting the Drake Constitution to the people the Republicans made sure that it would not be rejected by the people. The convention passeed an "ordinance" declaring that no one who would not take the test oath should vote for or ag.iinst 't. In order to sure tha' n i in tt th oath falsly i system of registration was provided for, and the registor was given the power to decide who could lake the oath. EXAMINATION OF NO, OATH You do solemnly swear in the presence of God and thest witnesses that you will truly and faithfully an swer such questions as may now be asked you, and that you will tell the truth, the whole truth and nothing bul the truth, so help you God. 1 What is your name? Answer . 2 Where do you reside? Ans .. 3 What is your age? Ans 4 Where you born? Ans 5 How loug have you resided in Missouri? Ans 6 How long have you resided in this County? Ans 7 How long have you resided in this election district? Ans 8 Are you well acquainted with the terms of the Third Section of the Second Article of the Constitution of the State of Missouri? Ans 9 Wil I you now recite the general nature of the requirements of that section? Ans 10 Have you during the late rebellion been truly and loyally on the side of the Government of the United States and against all of its enemies? Ans 11 With whom did you sympathize during the rebellion? Ans 12 How did you manifest your loya ty to theGovernment during the war? Ans 13 What acts of loyalty did you do during the war? Ans 14 How did you oppose the enemies of the Government? Ans 15 Whom did you then consider the enemies of the Government ot the United States? Ans..- 1(5 Did you ever belong to any secret organization during the war? Ans 17 What were the names of such organizations? Ans 18 What was the object or desu n of such organizations? Ans 19 Did you at any time during the rebellion leave this state? if so. for what cause? Ans 20 When did you so leave and when return? Ans 21 Did you during the rebellion, write or send letters to any person serving in the rebel annus? Ans. 22 Did you, during the rebellion, receive letters from any such person? Ans 23 Did you at any time during the rebellion, feed, lodge or harbor any such person or persons then engagrti in armed hostility to the United States government, eit her in rebel service or engaged in what was orn monly called "bush-whacking"? Ans . 24 Did you furnish a horse, a bridle, a blanket, a pistol, powder, shot, or other ammunition, or ciothiug, or any of these articles to any person who entered the rebel service, or engaged in what is common ly'called "bush-whacking?" Ans . - 25 Were you yourselfat any time during the rebellion in the rebel service, or engaged in what is commonly ca'led "bush whacking" Aus - - 26 Did you ever send or give any information of any kiud to persons who were in tin lebel service, or en gaged in "bush-whacking"? Ana 27 In the election held in Marlon County. April 30, 1861, to fill a vacancy in the General Assembly, for whom did you vote; for Thos. L. Anderson, the advocate then for immediate secession or for H S. Lips 28 Were you at any time during the rebellion arrested by the Military authorities of the Government or state? If so. state when, and for what reason, and how long you were thus kept under arrest? Ans NO 31 PARTY RECORDS. Contrast Between Republican and Demo cratic Rule in Missouri for Busy People. (Continued on last page.) When the Republicans came into power in 1865 they found the State amply protected cgainst loss on account of aid extender In building the main lines of railway in Missouri. The State held first mortgage liens on all ili-sc. roads, includ ing hundreds of thousands ot acres of land donated the roads by Congress. Governor Fletch er, in his inaugural address to the Legislature In 1M05 pro ncunced the roads "ample se curity for the amounts advanc ed by the State " Republican legislative committees, after examination, reported a like conclusion. In spite of this fact, the secu rities held by the Slate were recklessly and corruptly squan dered and a debt of over $25. 000.000 shitted from the rail roads to the people. Vhen the Democrats came into power in 1873, they found this debt still over twenty-one millions, bearing six and seven per cent interest - This they have reduced to $4,880,839. and of this sum all but $500,000 is held in trust for our public schools When the Republicans were in power, the people Weie re quired to pay six and suVen per cent interest on their State bonds, which made the annual interest charge alone over a million dollars. The Democrats, by restoring the credit of the State, were en abled to refund the high inter est bonds at 3 1 2 per cent, by which theannua l inteiestcharge was reduced one half. Uuder Republican line, the tax rate for State purposes was fifty centson the 100 valuation. While reducing the State debt, the Democrats, by the practice of prudent bush ea methods, have also reduced the tax rate one ha1 1 an I this will be still further reduced t 17 1-2 cents by i tie adoption of the constitution,! i amendment. Of this 17 1 2 cents 7 t 2 is re turned to the c. i titles lor t rt support of their public schu lis, leaving die lax lor support of j the entire State Kuv'.iuuieuC I only 10 cents, which is by tar J the lowest la.v r.tte of any sla e I in the entire I' ion. ! TT .. .1 It : t .. I . . umuci it ,1111). u, 1. 1 rutr, uc railroad ui t..e Suit were il.it assessed .ii a I Under Democratic rule, r.iii roadsi'iv iisesed at ov;r 6 million dollars. Uudei Republican ruii. I lie fees and ea minus of me respec tive State departments went into the pockets of the Stale officials. Under Democratic iualot methoils. tin- earnings ot Hie State depai in rut. TcuUl de partment ai.n Insurance depart ment, amount. :ig to jver $j. 000 anillMll), all go into the State Tretttuit. Under Republican ru e, tiie management of ihe State Pen itentiary was a public -caudal, and the institution was a heavy burdru to the St He. Uuder Democratic rule, the peuitentiary is conducted on Continued on last page.