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To Clean Glasses.
Another article of convenience Is to be added to the already lengthy list of the last year or two, but the new addition has not been exten sively advertised, and it is doubtful if it will be. This new article is the latest eye-glass cleaner. Handkerchiefs and pieces of chamois have been cast aside, along with a number of other articles that have been used for the pur pose of cleaning eye-glasses for a great many years. This new article is a one, two or five dollar bill. It is seldom that a bill larger than a tne dollar bill is used, although around the latter part of the week or month a few large bills may be seen in use as eye-glass cleaners. Instead of a man taking the corner of his news paper to wipe off the dubt on his glasses, he takes from his pocket one of the latest cleaners, but if it happens that he has exhausted his supply hi then calls upon his paper or handkerchief to answer that pur pose. - New York Evening Post. Mrs. Hetty H. R. Green of New York, America's most prominent woman financier reached her 75th birthday anniversary Monday and also rounded out her 45th year as a business woman, during which she has accumulated a fortune various ly estimated at from $50,000,000 to $100,000,000. The wealthiest wom an in America started with a for tune of $9,000,000, left by her fath er. This fortune she has increased many fold by shrewd business in vestments. Her wealth is widely diversified. She has real estate holdings in nearly every section of the country and her mortgages em brace some of the safest properties in a chain of cities extending from coast to coast. Railroads, steam boats, mines, telephones and tele graphs also contribute to her in come. Ex. Paying the Price. In the printing business, as in every line of effort, there are. and presumably there will always be, a small percentage of print shops al ways close to the danger line of bankruptcy. The proprietors of such shops are impossible as busi ness men. They have as their mot to: "Tomorrow is another day," and as long as they get through today somehow they give little heed to tomorrow or next week or next month. Because of their irresponsible business methods they often cross over the boundary line of bank ruptcy, and the sheriff with his red flag is a fitting finale to a trade nuisance When printers of this class esti mate they seem "to go it blind." If they have a chance they "soak the advertiser," but the advertiser who only patronizes such printers because he thinks that he is saving money, takes good care that he is not "soaked." But he eventually is -good and plentyl He gets work that is a disgrace to the printer's art printing so poor that it is an abomination in the eyes of any reader with taste and that positively turns away trade Everything worth having is worth paying for. Good printing is worth paying for. Good printing is worth a fair charge. Character. Mrs. T. E. Hawkins of San Anto nia, Texas, was in our city Monday enroute to Shelbina. Erwin Dorrel and wife of Clar ence, were transacting business in Monroe, Monday. Mrs. Ennis Toole y of Ely was with Monroe friends Monday. Misses Erline Fowler' and Agnes Leake of Hunnewell, were Monroe visitors Friday. Ifttl LOWER RATES rrrHcr of waterway competi tion ON THE RAILWAYS OF THE COUNTRY. DIRECT AND INDIRECT 8AVINQ Conservative Estimate It That In a Single Year It Would Be More Than Enough to Discharge the Entire Na tional Debt. It wu stated In a previous artlole (that waterway produce both direct and Indirect savings In the cost of transportation and alio eiert what may be called a creative effeot Aj an instance of the direct saving It was shown that the 100,000,000 tons of freight handled on the great lakes In 1907 were carried for (550,000,000 less than It would hare cost by rail. If the opinion of the United States army engineers Is correct and this opinion Is based upon results actually achieved on the rivers of Europe we have a number of rivers on which, when properly improved, freight can be carried for less than on the lakes and many rivers on which It can be carried for much less than by rail. If, therefore, the plan advocated by the National Rivers and Harbors congress should be carried out which includes the Improvement of all our rivers to such extent as shall be found advisable after expert examination the direct saving In cost of transporta tion would be vastly Increased. It would probably be Increased tenfold, but If It were only doubled the direct saving in a single year would be more than enough to pay oft the national debt. But this la Mt the end of the bene fits which the general Improvement of our waterway would bring, ft U onhr the beginning. Betide the direct sav ing there la an Indirect saving which result from the effeot mt waterways on railway freight rates, far rate are always lower on railroad which meet water compaction than cat those which do not The amount of Us sav ing la not everywhere the same, owing to difference in conditions, hot w ana get n good general idea of It from a study of some sample instances. Freight Rates Affected. Freight rates from New York to Bait Lake or Spokane are much high er than to San Francisco or Seattle, although the distance Is much less, be cause goods can be carried to the Pa cific coast by water, around Cape Horn, while there is no waterway of any kind to the Inland cities named. It is not the ocean alone that affects railroad rates. Compare the rates on first class merchandise to river town and Inland towns situated about 260 miles from St Louis. Towns oa tbo upper Mississippi get rate of It seats hundred, inland towns pa? if coats; towns on the Ohio pay it cants, inland towns In the nam region pay f7. A still more striking instance, and one showing the direct result of wa terway improvement, is to be found on the Columbia river. Before the locks at the cascades were built freight rates on nails, and that claBS of goods, from Portland to The Dalles were $6.40 per tpn. As soon as the locks were finished and the steam boats could get tnrough, the railroad rate dropped to two dollars per ton Iubs than one-third what it was before. That the difference was due to the river improvement Is shown by the fact that rates were not reduced be yond the point to which the steam boats could run. For Instance, the rate on salt In oar load lota was il.50 per ton to The Dalles, and 110.20 per ton to UmatUla f 1.60 per ton for the 18 miles with water competition and $8.70 per ton for the next 100 miles without These rates have since been reduced as the Improvement has pro ceeded, and when the work Is finished and boats can run far up the Colum bia river and to Lewlston and other point In Idaho on Its principal tribu tary, the Snake river, the people In all that region will benefit not only by the direct saving on goods carried by water, but also by the Indirect sav ing through the reduced rat on goods carried by rail. Exactly similar re sults wonld follow the radical Im provement of rivers all over the United States. Indirect Saving Large. There la, however, no possible way of Hading out Just how muoh this In direct saving would be. Rates on some freight would he reduced greatly, on some freight slightly, on some, per haps, hot at all. But w can get some Idea of the amount of freight which might be Influenced. In the ' fiscal year ending June 80, 190T, the total amount of freight . handled by - the railroads of the United States was 1,798,388,659 tons. Some of this was hauled a short distance, some a long distance, and some was handled by more than on .road, hut It waa equal to 236,601,390,103 tona hauled ono mile. If the comprehensive Improve ment of our .waterways should, maka an average reduction of one mill per ton-mil the dig are no tn the mm a sau gitox aouv is to am as muoh, or seven cents per ton mile It would make n saving of over $886,600 000 on the value of business handled in the fUsal year. At first glance, It looks as If that would mean disaster to the railways, but that Is the exact opposite of the truth. Strange as It may seem, the surest and speediest way to enlarge the business and Increase the profits of the railways of the United 8tates Is to Improve the waterways of the United Bute. What Americans Are Reading A summary of the tendencies in book publishing at any one season of any particular year must neces sarily be limited. It does, however generally reflect certain book-publishing and book-reading tendencies which are more or less indicative of a permanent trend. It has been the custom of this Review to give in its December number brief in formational notes about the most representative and important ser ious books of the season. In the informational paragraphs that fol low there will be noted an increas ing tendency among the longer established publishing houses to in crease the number of titles of works of biography and reminiscences and those devoted to travel and descrip tion. One of the most succeesful booksellers 'of New York recently remarked that the increasing in terest in books of biography and memoirs is one of the striking signs of the times in the reading world. The year just about closing has been marked by the publication of an unusually large number of note worthy historical, biographical, and descriptive works of the nature re ferred to above. In our January number we had something to say about Lieutenant Shackleton's book "The Heart of the Antarctic." This had been brought out some weeks before, but it reached the public and the reviewers in the early days of 1910. Then came Dr. Sven Hedin's "Trans-Himalaya," Mr. A. Radclyffe Dugmore's "Camera Ad ventures in the African Wilds,'' Commander Peary's "North Pole," and Mr. Roosevelt's "African Game Trails." Among the notable bio graphies and volumes and memoirs and reminiscences which appeared during the year and were duly not ed in these pages, were: "The Jour nals of Ralph Waldo Emerson," the lives of Richard Brinsley Sheridan and Edward Bulwer, and the ' Re collections" of George Cary Eggles ton. and the regular standard bio graphies of Senator Orville H. Piatt and Dr. Daniel Coit Gilman, the "Life and Letters" of Josiah Dwight Whitney, a new biography of Karl Marx, the ' Intimate Life" of Alex ander Hamilton, a biographical study of John Brown, a literary and biographical study of Moliere and "A Sailor's Log." by Admiral Bob" Evans. Still another notable biography, which we noticed in these pages, was published in Spain, and translated into English, the re miniscences of Captain-General Weyler. This month we mention an unusual number oi important works of this character. It is in deed an unusual season that publi cation of so many and such impor tant books about people as the memoirs of Modjeska, of Rosa Bon heur, of Alexander H. Stephens, of Jane Addams, and ot Elihu Vedder, as well as the scholarly and enter taining written biographies of the late Leopold II., King of the Bel gians, of Cecil Rhodes, of Edmund Clarence Stedman, of Grover Cleve land, of Thomas Edison, of Goldwin Smith, of "Fiona Macleod," and of "Lewis Carroll" and the "author ized" biography of Count Tolstoy. The publication of several notable histories was continued during the year. These included the third vol ume of Dr. Jusserand's "Literary History of the English People," the seventh volume of John B. McMas ter's "History of the People of the United States," and several volumes of that monumental work, The Documentary History of American Industrial Society." Public an nouncement was also made of the publication of the eleventh edition of' the Encyclopedia Britannica, which was first issued , in 1768. Among works of general reference we bad several volumes of the "Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia" and the "Catholic Encyclopedia" and the last volume of Grove's "Dictionary of Music and Musicians." Interpre tive historical studies were repre sented by Dr. Van Dyke's "Spirit of America" and Dr. Andrew D. White's "Seven Great Statesmen." Prof. Percival Lowell's study of the "Evolution of Worlds," Hudson Maxim's "Science of Poetry," and the first volume of Prof. Hugo de Vries' monumental work "The Muta tion Theory" marked the progress of scientific research From "Some of the Books of 1910." in the Amer ican Review of Reviews for Nov ember. Misses Willie Cox and Ethel Sherry of Hunnewell were Monroe visitors Friday. M. W. A. Books at J. J. Brown's office. C. E. GILLAM. Clerk. H. B. Reid was a Quincv visitor Saturday. Mrs. Ella Gosney has been in Clarence the guest of relatives. Miss Ella Fitzpatrick, who is teaching in New London spent Thanksgiving with the home folks. J. J. Rogers was with Quincy . friends last Thursday. R. F. Marshall spent a few days in Hannibal last week. Ellen Hedberg, who is teaching near Hunnewell spent her Thanks giving vacation with homefolks. William Taft of Clarence, was with Monroe friends Thursday. William McClough and James McClough and family of Hannibal taken Thanksgiving dinner with W. R. Yates and wife. Fred Olson and wife were Hanni bal visitors last week. Mesdames Lizzie Johnston and Eliza Lee of Hannibal, were the guests of M. E. Daulton and wife last week. Mrs. James Whaley and daugh ter, Mary, of Shelbina, visited the family of Mark C. Hawkins first of the week. Turned Tables on Prosecutor. Lugl Pina, a prisoner at How street police court, Loudon, surprised the pre siding magistrate by sayjns that his original Intention was to plead "not sruilt y," "but." he said, "when I heard the prosecutor swear on the liible that the imrse contained 16, 1 felt bound to tell the truth and say there was only 9." Fine Language. As a rule the educated native of West Africa, like his Indian brother, loves bighflown language. A clerk some time ago sent a report complain ing that the carbines of the police at his station often misfired; this is how he put It: "It is ridiculous to report that the firearms of the police, when pointed at the firmament, refuse to give explosive sound." London Satur day Review. Simple Dirt Test for Milk. Milk contractors in the city of Bos ton are, to a large extent, co-operating with the health authorities In their ef forts to Improve the milk supply. On firm employs a roufUi but effective test for determining the quantity ot dirt. A filter of absorbent cotton is used. This is held In position by a wire sup port. Good Housekeeping. Ancient Cosmetic. In Queen Anne's time the court beauties employed a popular remedy for making the shoulders and arms whit and flabby skin firm. This con sisted of the whites ot four eggs with a grain or two of alum, the whole beat en quit thick. Thla mixture Is then spread on the akin over night care fully oovered with old piece of linen and removed tn the morning with warm water and soap. Go to the Economy $torc wu Hici Man' Point of View. I lie.v U nothlns like prosperity to i ...lino a tuunkhat he who Is unsuc-jr-jjim uus only himself to blame. "V rrecaution. ..i . no allows a compliment to i .. n i: ml should not be given -.wi i..80ii (Kan.) Globe. Her Opinion. What I says. Mrs. Jones, is It jn't right. If we waa meant to fly ve should have bin given wings." tattler. Rest Wisdom. The man who know when ba's well iff always lets a woman's first word ti an argument serve for her last Detroit Free Press. Query. o early bird catches the worm; .. about the early worm that is ., by the bird. Life. Advloe From Dickens. You will find It serviceable in the formation of a demeanor, if you some times say to yourself In company on entering a room, for instance papa, potatoes, poultry, prunes and prisms. Dickens, "Little Dorrlt." Vision to Be Trusted. The vision of things to be done may come a long time before the way of doing them appears clear. But wo to him who distrusts the vision. Jenkin Lloyd Jones. Not Familiar. A gentleman friend appeared great ly disappointed when my four-year-old Louise declined to shake hands with him. I said to her, "Louise, why won't you shake hands with Mr. B?" "Well, mamma," she replied, "I can't 'cause I'm not used to him!" The Delinea tor. Crow Disseminator of Disease. Another reputation Is gone. Mod ern research has, according to a co lonlal office report proved carrion crows to be disseminators of dtseaa Instead Of U"ful scavengers, and they are no long, r to be protected in th towns of British Guiana. Just Like a Trust "It looks like a blossom trust" said Spring, "for there are wire fences around the finest peach and plum trees. But t Isn't my fault I'd trim all the women's hats for 'em free If I bad a chance!" Frank L. Stan ton. Author' Second Claim to Fame. Victor Hugo was a good business man. Ono of his biographers de scribes him as "the keenest hand im aginable at a bargain, a past master in the art of drawing up com -ts and the only author on record who mad a fortune out of his books while his publishers lost on them." Honest Confession. The census enumerator was con fronted at the door by a meek and apologetic little man. "Who's th head of the house?" asked the census man. "From a strictly legal stand point," replied the little man, "I sup pose I am, but when you get right light down to brass tacks I ain't" Didn't Catch Him. A Mlssourian who bought some Tev as land and wanted to unload It told. a prospective buyer that it had'' doubled In value since I bought it" "But" said the other, "you offered to sell It to me for the same price yon paid. How has it doubled In valuef "Well. you see, I gave twice as much as it was worth." Kansas City Star. First Call for Breakfast. On a Pullman sleeper about seven o'clock in the morning, when the pas sengers were about ready to leave their berths, a baby In the stateroom began to cry lustily. Just at that moment the porter opened the door and sang out: "First call for break fast" Then everybody laughed.- lumbla (Mo.) Herald. The One That Suffered. A colored blacksmith in Georgia was recently engaged la shoeing a mule when the mule switched around uddenly and kicked htm on the head. A few days afterwards aome on asked the mule's owner if the black smith was much hurt "I don't know anything about th blacksmith." h aaid, sourly, "hut I know one thing. I've got a fool mule that' going around on three legs." Respectability. Respectability is a very good thing In Its way, but it does not rise superior to all considerations; I would not for a moment venture to hint that it was a matter of taste; hut I think. I will go as far as his; that If a position la ad mittedly unkind, uncomfortable, un necessary and superfluously useless, although It were aa respectable as th Church of England, the sooner a man Is out of it the better for himself and all concerned. 9 as