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r : i THE DEMOCRAT W. J. ROUSE, Editor TERMS $1.00 PER YEAR Entered at the I'ostofflce at Monroe City Missouri, as second-clam matter. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 11 1915 Financial conditions re not all that we might desire, and it is very doubtful if they ever will be but they are a big sight better than thsy would hyve been without the regional nankin system put tin t!ie statutes by the Democrats. Lw r tarifl- are in the interest of ail the ptoilc except those wlioj use in'; tana vvjil to : a higher j pii. . ; p.ressiry for t! eit ir ' i.'.i !'.v tariff keeps the' inm. , ;n i . ck'-is oi those to whom n n' t:ii.iy bt lons. II , ii.ital i.u State laws eliniinnt in;i li- s s for !aakin4 of anti-trust and hi her laws by bte "big busi ness" and substituting therefore jail and penitentiary sentences for the men "hiyh up" who are guilty would be a great incentive for the Corporations to stay in the limits of the law as do private citizens The money of the country cannot be again gobbled in and locked up by a few New York banks and thereby create a panic which would benefit the clique, ruin the business of the country and put many down and out. The effect on business ol congesting the money into a few banks is the same as congesting the blood of the human body in the lei t cum. 1hf bt fiy dies. So doe. business with money congested Dcni .ci icy has given the country a sn!i.niid bunking system which will keep the money n all parts c! the (. i.untry. It has been wisely suytsested thai before any country can declare wm' thoM- who would be eligible to to the Iront vote on the question war or no wrtr; and further, only all who were eligible to go to thi front were entitled to vote, ano then further, all who voted for war by that act enlisted in the army and must be hastened to the front As conditions now are wars are in sisted on by those who expect the war to make them money. The fellows who are most anxious for war, as a rule, will never go to the the front and will not permit near relatives to go. It is the sons ol the middle class who usually get no good from the war except the privilege of paying more taxes that have to go to the front. Why did June run away? M. B. Proctor, E. W. Schweer, W M. Patterson and J. S. Conway went to Brookfield yesterday morn ing to attend a Cross State Highway meeting. Both Hannibal and Quin cy are working for a marked high way across Missouri and it is prob able that the junction of the two will be Monroe City. This will be a great thing for Monroe City. Thousands are going to travel this highway and this will do us all good and will further be an incen tive for the people to make all the roads Good, as they will see how much good the good roads are and that they are the cheapest to build. Good Roads for us. The Gem, Thursday Feb. 11. Mat inee and night, Bruce McRae in the famous political romance, "The Ring and the Man." 5 reels 10 and 15c. Mrs. W. T. Bell, of Stoutsville visited here Tuesday. "Reginal Bear-i-tone" at the Opera House Feb. 19. LOF or WANTS NO "DEADHEADS" ON LIST OF EMPLOYES. A call upon The law makers ; TO PREVENT USELESS TAX UPON AGRICULTURE. By Peter Radford I.prturer National Farmers' I'nlon Th farmer is the paymaster of li.'i i-try and us such he iniint meet the ua! inn's payroll. When ii.'lustrj" Iu'.no it- ijUl it must make a it;ht dralt upon agriculture for the amount, v. ii.uh the farmer is compelled to honor 'vi'hout lcotest. This check dru'.vu upon agriculture may travel to and fro over the highways of com merce; may buiid cities: girdle the globe with bands of Bteel; may search hidden treasures in the earth or traverse the ekies. but in the end it will rest upon the soil. No dollar will remain suspended in midair; It is as certain to seek the earth's surface as an apple that falls from a tree. When a farmer buys a plow he payB the man who mined the metal, the woodman who felled the tree, the manufacturer who assembled the raw material and shaped it into an ar ticle of usefulness, the railroad that transported It and the dealer who sold him the goods. He pays the wages of labor and capital employed in the transaction as well as pays for the tools, machinery, buildings, etc., used In the construction of the commodity and the same applies to all articles of use and diet of him self and those engaged in the sub sidiary lines of industry. There is no payroll In civilization that dos i:o' i'' st u; on the back of the fanner. lie must pay the bills all of them. Tho tctal value of the nation's? am;., a urul products is around 12.o "i .''). ai:d it is safe to osu mate th..i S3 cents on every dollar goo's to tr.ee' ins the exr-:';.-s-3 of sub sidiary industries The farmer does not v ork more than thirty minutes per day for himself; the remaining thirteen hours of the dy's toil he Gr-veies to mietinc the payroll of the hire-! h; ,.i of agriculture, such us the i ' :u m t-,rrr, railroad, commer cial ar,d other servants. The Farmer's Payroll and How Ho ; Meets It The annual payroll of agriculture approximates $12,000,000,000. A por tion of the amount is shifted to for eign countries In exports, but the total payroll of Industries working for the farmer divides substantially as follows: Railroads, $1,232,000,000; manufacturers, $4,365,000,000; mining, $655,000,000; banks, $200,000,000; mercantile $3,500,000,000, and a heavy miscellaneous payroll constitutes the remainder. It takes the corn crop, the most valuable In agriculture, which sold last year for $1,692,000,000, to pay off the employes of the railroads; the money derived from our annual sale3 of livestock of approximately $2,000, 000,000, the yearly cotton crop, valued at $920,000,000; the wheat crop, which is worth $610,000,000, and the oat crop, that is worth $140,000,000, are required to meet the annual pay roll of the manufacturers. The money derived from the remaining Btaple crops is used in meeting the payroll of tho bankers, merchants, etc. After these obligations are paid, the farmer has only a few bunches of vegetables, some fruit and poultry which he can sell and call the pro ceeds his own. When the Tamer pays off his help he has very little left and to meet these tremendous payrolls he has been forced to mortgage homes, work 'women in the field and increase the hours of his labor. We are, there fore, compelled to call upon all in dustries dependent upon the farmers for subsistence to retrench In their expenditures and to cut off all un necessary expenses. Thla course Is absolutely necessary in order to avoid a reduction in wages, and we want, If possible, to retain the present wage scale paid railroad and all other In dustrial employes. We will devote this article to a discussion of unnecessary expenses and whether required by law or per mitted by the managements of the concerns, la wholly immaterial. We want all waste labor and extrava gance, of whatever character, cut out We will mention the full crew bill as C U m FARMER lllttstratlnn the character of unneces- nary excuses 10 wnicn we reier. Union Opposes "Full Crew" Bill. The Texas Farmers' Union regis tered Its opposition to this character of legislation at the last annual meet ing held In Fort Worth, Tex., August 4, 1914, by resolution, which we quote, as follows: "The matter of prime importance to the farmersof this state is an ade quate and efficient marketing system ; and we recognize that such a system Is impossible without adequate rail road facilities, embracing the greatest t-jount of service at the least pos sible Cost We further recognize that the farmers and producers in the end pay approximately 05 per cent of the expenses of operating the railroads, and ft is therefore to the interest of the producers that the expenses of the common carriers be as small as is possible, consistent with good ser vice and safety. We, therefore, call upon our law-makers, courts and juries to bear the foregoing facts in mind when dealing with the common carriers of this state, and we do espe cially reaffirm the declarations of the last annual convention of our State I'nlon. oj. posing the passage of t'uo so-called 'full-crew' bill before the thirty-third lefii-1 iture of Texas." The farmers of Missouri in the last election, by an overwhelming ma jority, swej't this law off the statute book of that state, and it should come off of all statute books where It appears and no legislature of this nation should pass such a law or similar legislation which requires un necessary expenditures. The same rule applies to all regu latory measures which increase the expenses of Industry without giving corresponding benefits to the public. There is ofttimes a body of men as sembled at legislatures and they have a right to be there who, In their zeal for rendering their fellow associates a service, sometimes favor an increase in the expenses of in dustry without due regard for the men who bow their backs to the summer's sun to meet the payroll, but these committees, while making a record for themselves, rub the skin off the shoulders of the farmer by urging the legislature to lay another burden upon his heavy load and under the lash of "be it enacted" goad him on to pull and surge at the traces of civil ization, no matter how he may sweat, foam and gall at the task. When legislatures "cut a melon" for labor they hand the farmer a lemon. The farmers of the United States ate not financ ially ; hie to carry "dead heads" on their payiolls. Our own hired hands a.e not raid unless we have something for thm to do and we are not will, in to c -rry the hired help of dependent in'! lstries unless tlnre is work fo- them. We must therefore insist upon the mo3t rigid economy. Legislat;ve House-Cleaning Needed. While the war is on and there is a lull in business, we want all legisla tive bodies to take an inventory ol the statute books and wipe off all extravagant and useless laws. A good house-cleaning is needed and econo mies can be instituted here and there that will patch the clothes of indigent children, rest tired mothers and lift mortgages from despondent homes. Unnecessary workmen taken off and useless expenses chopped down all along the line will add to the pros perity of the farmer and encourage nim in his mighty effort to feed and clothe the world. If any of these industries have sur plus employes we can use them on the farm. We have no regular schedule of wages, but we pay good farm hands on an average of $150 per day of thirteen hours when tlmr board themselves; work usually runs about nine months of the year and the three months dead time, they can do the chores for their hoard. If they prefer to farm on their own account, there are more than 14,000,000,000 acres of idle land on the earth's sur face awaiting the magic touch of the plow. The compensation is easily ob tainable from Federal Agricultural Department statistics. Tho total averago annual sales of a farm in tho continental United States amounts to $316.00; the cost of operation is $340.00; leaving the farmer $176 per annum to live on and educate his family. There is no occasion for the legis latures making a position for surplus employes of industry. Let them come "back to the soil" and share with us the prosperity of the farm. When honesty la merely a good policy It is a poor virtue. Lazy fanners are Just as useless as dead ones and take up more room. When the soul communes with the spirit of nature the back to the farm movement prevails. There are two kinds of fanners. One tries to take all the advioe he hears and the other won't take any at all jf Talk About Harness "Say, did you have that harness made to A order? Its a dandy!" ' ' '' A "I got it from Noland, the Harness Man." "Well, I'm going to get one just like it because its a good one." And he did. Reed K. "EVERYTHING CENTURY CLUB PROGRAM. The Monroe Centurv CW.h will present "The Art Gallery" at H. S. Auditorium Friday evepinj?. F-'hr; ry 12. .it 8:13 o'clock. The pictures ar( living mpies u' many famous pictures known to all of us, with an appropriate naioii setting. PICTURES 1 Cherubims Holy, Holy. Holy Joe Longmire and Elizabeth White 2 Song of the Lark Hat k, Hark, the Lark Miis Lucile Proctor 3 The Girl With the Muff Humoresque, 2nd theme Mrs Carrol Jackson 4 The Dutch Girl Ach, Die Leiber Augustine Sarah Paul Thompson 5 Pot of Basil -Chopin's Funeral March, 1st Th. Miss Cleo Patton 6 Duchess of Devonshire English Air Miss Mabel Hawkins A. Reading Angelina Johnson B. Vocal Selected Miss Wilson 7 Shakespeare English Air Mr. Lambert Hngati 8 Baby Stuart To a Baby Master Eugene Yowtll 9 Portrait of Ar'i-t Mother Dreaming Mrs. D R Davenport 10 Louise of Pru-sia German National Hymn Airs A. A Melson 11 Mater Dolorosa Lost Hope Mis Rut!) Hoar 12 Age of Iiiiioceiice Pure as Snow Allie Wolf 13 Countess Potocka Seranata Moszkowski Miss Cecelia Yates 14 Hosea Handel's Largo Eldred Thiehoff Piano Solo Hark, Hark, the Lark Miss McNutt 15 Simplicity Mendelsohn Air Gertrude Randall 16 Mona Lisa Humoresque 1st Theme Miss Mi'dred Buell 17 The Shepherdess Shepherd Song Miss Virginia Asbury 18 Princes in the Tower Funeral March, 2nd Th Bobs Cranston Murphy 19 Sappho - Spring Song Miss Vivian Proctor A Perfect Day - Band ) M John Me(J ,f Spring - - - Hyde J 20 Madame LeBrun and Daughter Sweet and Low Mrs. P. F. White and Helen Drescher 21 Mrs. Siddons Drink to Me Only With Thine Eyes Miss Carrie Hampton 22 Good Night Good Night, Beloved Mrs. A. Melson Elizabeth White Accompanists: Misses Gentry, Reid. McNutt. ADMISSION: Geo. D. Noel is building a three room cottage on bis farm South of i town. i Mrs. Patrick Feeney who has ! been quite ill, is very much im proved. Mrs. E. J. Hubbard visited in Hunnewell the first of the week. The peach crop is reported killed. Nothing new about that Mrs. Francis Brown of New Lon don, visited at the home of L L Lane last week. Mrs. T. J. Hoxey of Mexico, is visiting at the home of L L Lane. George L. Hampton and wife f pent part of the week in St. Louis. Noland IN LEATHER" Twenty - five cents - ; Miss Libbie Hickman is now go- ing to Quincy twice a week having her throat and ears treated. Mrs. A C. Bebb went to Quincy Tuesday to meet her guest, Mrs. D. C. Spoor of Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Misses Agnes Mudd rnd Best Montgomery played for a dance in Hunnewell, Moiiday evening. Miss Ava Stribbling of Clarence, arrived Tuesday to visit her sister, Mrs. I. C. Yates. Miss Vallie Utterback transacted business in Hannibal yesterday. Mrs. Towson, of Shelbina was the guest of Mrs. Frank Proctor yesterday afternoon. 'VI ?