AMERICANS ASKED TO
LIMIT USE OF SUGAR
Must Use No More Than Two Pounds
Per Person a Month if the Present
Meagre Allied Sugar Ration
Stocks Will Be Short Until Beginning of New
Year Ration May Be Enlarged Then.
Two pounds of sugar month hnlf
pound a week tlmt Is the sugar ra
tion the D. S. Food Administration
has asked every Amerlcun to observe
antll January 1, 1010. In order to tnuke
cure there shall he enough for our
'Array and Nuvy, for the Allied armies
and for the civilians of those nations.
By New Year's the world siiKur sit
uation will be relieved somewhat by
the new crop. Cuban augur of this!
year's crop will be arriving in this
Every available sugar source will be
drawn on by the Komi Administration
during the next winter months to main
tain suflioient stocks here to keep up
ur national sugar supply. During Oc
tober the first American beet sugar
will arrive In the markets. By the
middle of November some of our Lou
isiana cane crop will be available. All
f this sugar and more may be needed
to keep this nation piled on a re
duced ration and 10 safeguard the Al
lied sugar ration from still further
miD QAUcn ennn
FED W ALLIES
Food Administrator Writes Presi
dent America Conserved UV
000,000 Bushels Wheat.
CREDIT DUE TO WOMEN.
Meat and Fat Shipments Increased by
Conservation measures applied by
the American people enabled the Unit
ed States to ship to the Allied peoples
and to our own forces overseus 141,
000,000 bushels of wheat and 844.600,
000 pounds of meat during 1he past
year, valued In all at $1,400,000,000.
This was accomplished In the face of a
serious food shortage in this country,
bespeaking the wholehenrtedness and
patriotism with which the American
people have met the food crisis abroad.
Food Administrator Hoover, In a let
ter to President Wilson, explt'lns how
the situation was met. The voluntary
conservation program fostered by the
Food Administration enabled the piling
up of the mill (ins of bushel? of whet
during li'lT-1S mid the shipment of
went during 1017-18.
The total vulue of nil food ship
ments to Allied destinations amounted
to ?1.400.tMH.iMM. nil this food being
bought through or in collaboration
with the Food Administration. These
figures are nil based on olllrinl reports
and represent -food exports for the
harvest year thut closed June 80, 1918.
The shipments of moats mid fats
(including meat products, dairy prod
ucts, vegetable oils, etc.,) to Allied des
tinations were ns followR : '
Fiscal year 1010-17... .2,10()..-(Ht.OOO lbs.
Fiscal year 1017-18... .3,011,100 000 lbs.
Our sluughforahle nnlmiils at the be
ginning of the last fiscal year were not
appreciably larger than the year be
fore and particularly in hogs;' they
were probably less. The Increase In
shipments Is due to conservation end
the extra weight of animals added by
The full effect 'of these efforts began
to bear their best results In the last
Lalf of the flscnl year, when the ex
ports to the Allies were 2,133,100,000
pounds, as ngiilnst 1.2'1B,.TOO,000 pounds
In the same period of the year before.
This compares with an average of
801,000,000 pounds of total exports for
the same half years In the three-yeur
In cereals and cereal products re
duced to terms of cereal bushels our
shipments to Allied destinations have
Fiscal yc:tr 1111-17.. .'-"0.000 TOO bushels
Fiscal- yt-.ir I : i ..i..!Uo.to;u) ) bushel
rt'cltictlon. In Europe the present ra
tion Is alrendy reduced to a mlniimim.
The situation which the Cnltert
States f 11 res in Its efforts to maintain
a fair distribution of sugar to the Al
lied world Is as follows :
Sugar supplies throughout the coun
try, in homes, stores, factories and
bakeries are at a low ebb. We must
make increased sugar shipments to the
Production of American beet and
Louisiana cane crops have been disap
pointing. Porto Rico crops have been cur
tailed. Immense suar stocks In Java can
not be reached on account of the ship
ping shortage; ships are needed for
troop movements and munitions.
Army and Navy sugar requirements
have increased as well as those from
Most industries using sugar have had
their allotment reduced by one-half:
some will receive no HiigHr.
.Households should make every ef
fort to preserve the fruit crop without
sugar, or with small amounts of sugar.
Utter, when the sugar supply is larg
er, the caiiiird fruit may be sweetened
as It Is used.
Increase SO.OW 00:1 bushels
Of tln-si' cereals our shipments of
the prime breadstuffs In the fiscal year
1017-1S to Allied destinations were:
Wheat 181,000.000 bushels mid of rye
1. -..000.000 bushels, a totul of 144.000,
The exports to Allied destinations
during the flscnl year 1916-17 were:
Wheat 1.100.000 busliels and rye
2,300.000 bushels, a totul of 137,400.000
bushels. In nddltlon some 10.000,000
bushels of 1917 wheat are now In port
for Allied destinations or en route
thereto. The total shipments to Allied
countries from our last harvest of
wheat will be therefore, about 141 000,
000 bushels, or a total of 154,000,000
bushels of prime breadstuffs. In ad
dition to this we have shipped some
10,000,000 bushels to neutrals depend
ent upon us, and we have received
some Imports from other quarters.
BETTER READ THIS
E have been notified that
part which, according to schedule, will be very
small. In view of this fact we urge our customers
to supply their needs early as all kinds of cotton
goods are going to ie scarce, such as
- Muslins, Sheetings, Shirtings, Ginghams, Percales,
Outings, Blankets, Underwear, Hosiery, Etc.
We have a very complete stock for your selection at
present but can't say how it will be later on. Awaiting
the opportunity to serve you, we are,
Yours for. Values and Service,
MERICA has several excellent war time sweet-
.: s : u-..i
"u -uf A oymp ouu kdoui one-nan cup of corn sugar
One-fourth of a cup of sugar is equal to about one-half
cup of syrup or one-third cup of corn sugar. One table
spoon of sugar is equal to one tablespoon of honey, about
one and one-half tablespoons of syrup and one and one
third tablespoons of corn sugar. -
Sugar may be saved by the use of raisins, dates, figs,
dried pears and fruit pastes used on the breakfast cereals!'
Frujt marmalades, butters and jellies should be used
to take the place of the ordinary sweetening at a meal and
not as accessories to it. Fruits may be preserved without
sugar. It may be added when sugar is more plentiful
Preserving demands this year a thin syrup instead of a
If sugar is used one-half of the amount may be replaced
by another sweetener.
Drying is a means of preserving (without sugar) ap
ples, cherries, strawberries and black caps.
When ready to use they may have added the needed
sugar in the form of a syrup. When sugar is more plentiful
fruit juices may be made into jellies or may be used as
fruit juices with or without sugar, as beverages, fruit
gelatins and frozen desserts.
Fresh fruits supply the place of sugar in the diet. They
should be used freely. Desserts where sugar is scarce
may be made of gelatins, junkets, custards, puddings and
''This accomplishment of our people
In this mutter stands out even more
clearly If we bear In mind that we bad
available In the fiscal year 1916-17
from net carry-over and as surplus
over our normal consumption about
200,000,000 bushels of whent which w
were able to export that year without
trenching on our home lonf," Mr.
Hoover said. "This last year, however,
owing to the large failure of the 1917
wheat crop, we had available from net
carry-over and production and Imports
only just about our normal consump
tion. Therefore our wheat shipments
to Allied destinations represent ap
proximately savings from our own
"These figures, however, do not fully
convey the volume of the effort and
sacrifice made during the past ye;.r
by the whole American people. De
spite the magnificent effort of our agri
cultural population In planting u much
Increased acreage In 1917, not only was
there a very la rye failure In whea.
items have been put on an allotment basis,
therefore we will get only our proportionate
Monroe City, -Mo.
i. ? wln De used 'argely during the
shortage in the sugar supply.
They are maple sugar, syrups, honey and
molasses and may be used in preparing des-
fxrv other dishes requiring sweetening.
When a cup of syrup or honey is used
to replace a cup of sugar, the liquid in the
recipes should be decreased one-fourth.
One-third of a cupful of sugar is equivalent
to one-tmrrl nf a V, . i a.
... r.y ne-
but also the corn failed to mature prop
erty, and our corn Is our dominant crop.
"I am sure," Mr. Hoover wrote in
concluding his reixtrt, "that nil the
millions of our people, agricultural as
well as urban, who have contributed
to these results should feel a very
definite satisfaction that In a year of
universal food shortages In the north,
em hemisphere all of those people
joined together against Germany have
come through Into sight of the coming
harvest not only with wealth and
strength fully maintained, but with
only temporary periods of hardship.
"It Is difllcult to distinguish between
various sections of our people the
homes, public eating places, food
trades, urban or agricultural popula
tions In assessing credit for these re
sults, but no one will deny the domi
nant pnrt of the American women."
A bonnier Is a man who Is more In
(rested iii gt.'ttii;;; hit '..liu tlinu In ri
to;, bis bit.
all the following
SHARE OUR SUGAR
WITH THE ALLIES
British Get Two Pounds a Month.
French Pound and Half,
Italians One Pound.
GERMAN SUPPLY PLENTIFUL.
All Nations Permit Use of Sweetening
for Home Preserving Purpooes.
America's new sugar ration of
pounds a month per person Is equita
ble when compared with the sugar ra
tlon enforced by rigid governmental
order In England, France and Italy, na
tions with which we are sharing sugar.
Each Allied nation in the matter ed
sugar consumption is sharing on near
est possible equal terms the hardships
Imposed by greatly altered conditio
In the world sugar situation.-
Formerly classed as a luxury, sugar
Is now a war time essential. The fair
and Just division of this essential Is)
In the hands of the various Allied,
The United States Food Administra
tion has asked this nation to observe)
a voluntary sugar ration of tw
pounds per person a month.
In the other countries at war with
Germany sugar Is one of the scarce
articles on every menu whether In
the households of both rich and poor,
or In the hotels.
England today has a sugar ration
of two pounds per month per person.
In France the ration Is a pound and a
hnlf and In Italy It Is one pound a
mouth. And the prices In allied coun
tries are from two to three times as
high as In America.
If you go to a hotel in England or
France these days and order tea or
coffee they serve absolutely no sugar
with It If you want sugar you must
bring It with you.
In England It is allowable to DM'
one-seventh of an ounce of sugar la
the preparation of ench luncheon. In
France many persons carry little sac
charine tablets about with them for
use In hotels and In England rich and
poor must take their sugar with them
If they wish to have sweetened tea
while visiting friends.
Before the war started France had
625,000 acres devoted to sugar produc
tion. By 1917 the French sugar acre
age hnd decreased to 180,000 acres.
Today the French man or womnnwlth a
sugar card has no assurance whatever
that he or she will 'be able to actually
buy sugar. To buy it, one must first
Italy Has "State Sugar."
Especially drastic regulations govern
the use of sugar In Italy. Its manu
facture, distribution and sale are close
ly controlled, and In part actually
taken over by the state.
Sacchnrlne is permitted to be sold
and used as a substitute for sugar and
the government manufactures a mix
ture of saccharine and sugar called
State Sugar," which Is largely used.
German Sugar Ration Adequate.
. Germany, before the war, produced
a great surplus of sugar and exported
large quantities. Today the Germans
lave virtually gone out of the export
tuslness, but have plenty of cheap
sugar for home use.
Wholesale prices prevalent In the
Allied nations, according to Informa
tion received by the United SJtatea
Food Administration are us follows:
Englnnd, 10 cents a pound; France,
12 cents ; Itnly, 26 cents.
While those high prices are being
paid abroad the American wholesale
price Is being held at 7ft cents.
BEAR NOT REALLY BLUE.
Contrary to a1 belief popular
among big-game hunters that th
blue glacier bear of Alaska if of
distinct species, Al Hasselborg, who
with Dr. Harry Worth, curator of
mammals at the University of Cali
fornia, has made a special study ol
these animals, asserts that the great,
morose haunter of the ice rivers is
no more than a color phase of the
common black bear. Mr. Hassel
borg, who has been studying Alaskan
bear for nearly twenty years, is re
garded as one of the best-posted men
in the territory on the animals.
IT WAS COMING TO HIM.
Mr. Henderson Here's where
you lire and I've just rung your
doorbell. Can I do anything else for
Mr. Henpeck (loaded ) Yesh
hie just ring for the hie ambu
larice. A GLIMMER OF RESPECT.
hi as BligghiB any respect for the
"A little. But about as far as I
ever knew him to go in expressing it
was to celebrate Washington's birth
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