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- he ' . I ' .Ute H'9'.oricil 8cier - liCMROE GIT Volume XXXl Monroe City, Missouri, Fridays January 3, 1919 Number 39 v.. . if life The American ; Rear Admiral Hugh Rodman, Who commanded the Sixth or American ' flattie Squadron of the Grand Fleet, lias talked for publication for the first time in 13 months..; His talk related entirely to the Grand Fleet, of whk-b the great squadron under his command was one of the "fast vings" of Sir David Beatty, ' the ; Commander in Chief of the great . Allied armada, and of the Germans, whose ships, he said, "now lie at ' anchor in long, symmetrical lines ; helpless, innocuous and harmless." The Grand Fleet, Rodman said, was . ' "the very backbone of the structure which bad made a victorious peace - ' a certainty.'' - v ''''.''. Many interesting and hitherto un ' published facts concerning the war in the North Sea were disclosed by . Kodman.. For instance, he let it be L known that only a few months ago the Anglo American battle squad . irons came so close to . what - was 4 then the German high seas fleet that it ' was within a few miles of I cutting the fleet off from its base. I On another occasion a German sub v jroarine came within a hair breadth, "ao to speak.'of sending the flagship . ' Hew ' York to the bottom and ; on X another' occasion v U- boats ' got " so v close to the New York' that they were able to fire ' three, torpedoes at . f the great super-dreadnaught '; Rodman was ; in his cabin . on V txard the; flagship 'New York when ; he told in saiUw fashion the story of . ' the events inr w hich be : and? rue officers and the men tinder his oom . mand played so important a part ''. "It is most gratifying,' said 4he Admiral, "to state that within a ; very short time after joining, and after" our first operations, with the grand fleet we were assigned to one : f the two places of honor and im ' portance in the battle line.' We were known and designated as the sixth battle squadron, and as' one of "the two so-called fast wings, would take station at the head or rear of 'the whole battleship force, depend ent upon certain conditions, un ; toeccessary to mention, when going into action.' -. ' : .As a matter of fact, when, on one occasion, we came within a few mile of cutting : off from its base . and engaging the German Fleet, the 7. disposition was such that the Amer , ican battleship division would have ; been in the van-end have' led into action bad the enemy not avoided ;', ; action and taken refuge behind bis ,'.', defenses, as usual, before we could catch him. r . , ; "It was our policy to go after him . every time be showed his uose out , aide bis ports: no matter when or "where, whether in single ships, by division, or his whole fleet, out we went, day or night, rain or shine (and there was mighty little day ' light and much less shine in the winter months), blow high or blow low and chase him back in his bole . , "So persistent was this perform ance on our part, so sure were we K:' to get after him, that toward the : end he rarely ventured more than a few miles from bis. base; immedi ately we would atart after ium, back he would go in his bole, and baul his hole in after bim. . r ; "Every inducement was' offered - hloa to come out Inferior forces were sent down into the Heligoland . bight to induce bim to attack; vain able convoys were dispatched, ap- - perently without protection, and v other device to attempt turn out but he would not come. 1 Overseas Fleet v In our operations in the North Sea we frequently were attacked by submarines and our battleships bad numerous escapes, often only by prompt and skillful handling. Od . one occasion a submarine rammed the flagship New York, dented the bottom and .demolished the starboard propeller. But there is every reason to believe that the blows from the propeller sank the submarine. ' Enroute to dry dock to make repairs' and install a new pro peller, three torpedoes In rapid suc cession were fired at her by hostile submarines, but again she -avoided them by clever, maneuvering and escaped.. -C "Once when guarding or support" ing a convoy of 30 or 40 vessels on the coast of Norway in midwinter, a bunch of hostile 'subs' fired six tor pedoes at us. : Again only our vil igance and instantaneous maneu vering saved us but by a very close margin " "There were still other attacks by submarines, which necessitated quick action to avoid them. ' "It wonld be superfluous to go in to the details of our operations in the North Sea, or to. mention the rigorous climate when the latitude is north of Sitka, in Alaska, or about equal to that of Petrograd. in Rus sia; or' the v terrific weather the cold, sleet snow,' ice r and heavy seas; the- arduous "and ' dangerouB uavigatiooTihe continuous cruising wiuuKii iiguis, wutre lue winter nights lasted 18 hours or the dan gers of mine fields our own, some times, as well as those of the en emyor ' the repeated attacks of hostile submarines on outs battle ships before mentioned, and the never-ending readiness and vigi lance of the whole fleet to' put to sea on all but instant notice. "And let me add that with all the demands which have been plac ed upon the ships of this division. in spite of' this constant readiness for action, their maintenance, up keep and efficiency under war con- d itions. with no general overhaul or repairs, have been, maintained at such a high degree that it is. no ex- a geration to say that, were they called upon to do so, they could steam around the world 88 they are now and still be ready to go into action. - "To give en idea of the immense size and number of vessels employ ed in the Grand Fleet it might be of interest here : to state that enter ing or leaving port our column of ships, excluding destroyers, was on an everage about 65 miles long;. on one occasion 76 miles. ' Its length was dependent , upon weather and other conditions as well as upon the number of ships. . " "And so. after four years of war for the grand fleet and after we had been a part of it for the last year, there came the debacle,' the last scene of the great drama Not as we bad all expected, as the success ful teimination of a great sea bat tie, but as an Ignominious surren der without firing a gun. ' ; "Surely, no more complete victo ry was ever won,, nor a more dis graceful and humiliating end could have come to a powerful and much vaunted ' fleet as that which came to the German high seas fleet." Mrs. Cecil Armstrong, of Lentner is spending a few days with her ; ui other in this city. . Sinking the Ships The United States Is proceeding to spend many millions ta complete the war ship construction program already begun - Yet a proposal has been seriously considered to sink all the ships of the great fleet taken from Germany. The .reason assign ed for such an unparalleled act of destruction, is that the allied na tions cannot agree on the disposi tion of these ships, and that ill feeling will be avoided, if we put them down to the bottom of the ocean.' ; It is said with apparent authority from Washington, that President Wilson is against this proposal Let some people earnestly argue that we must have a fleet as large as England's vast navy and if Eng land should get the bulk of the German ships, we most build an equal amount to match het. . These same people were perhaps the same ones who a few years ago were scarcely willing to build one battle ship a year, when the need of them was far greater, 'v -' The allied powers Will need all these ships to overawe the un repentant Germans. We have got ten along without friction through this terrible war, and now we must try to get along in - peace. . If we can't trust each other to settle fair ly such questions as the disposition oflhese ships.' the world outlook is indeed dark. . . r. We are going evidently tq set up some new ' kind of ? international court. If such a tribunal is not able to apportion these ships satis factorily, it will be" failure from the start ' Vr waveot toleara to 8ubmir much bigger, questions than this to a fair arbitration and accept he :. result whatever it is . i , - i -i i i - -. Map Makers . One of the men who will profit after the war, about whom little is now said, is the - map . maker, for after the peace conference all of the old geographies will become useless. New ones will have to be furnished for the children of the whole world. What that means for the publishers can hardly be imagined. The map changing will b in Eu rope, Asia and Africa. In "Middle Europe" there will be a - large . carv ing up of old countries and new na tions will appear, but it -will be in Asia that the greatest changes will be made. There will be bewildiog changes in the region around Con stantinnple, Palestine; . Armenia, Syria and in .Asiatic Russia The new maps of Africa will make the old ones entirely useless. The changes will be so great that a new foreign postoffice directory will have to be published. The new textbook, "Food Saving and Sharing " will be distributed soon to all teachers in Missouri be low high school grade, the Missouri Division of the Food Administration has announced. The purpose of the publication and distribution of this book is to interest the schools in the subject of food, and stimulate the teaching in the schools of the im portent phases of the subject The State Food Administration will have charge of the distribution of the books in Missouri .' According to our notion it is a bout time to abolish some of the useless jobs that have been created in Missouri' Among the first to go should be the state tax commission, which was created in order, it seems, to give Con Roach a job. . Con has been hanging on in Missouri for many .years. Time to ' cut him loose.' . ; Little 1919 Ooe more little youth in the pro cession of the ages comes toddling on the stage, . and one more totter ing grayboard drops off. We can et the old one go. He gave us many sorrows, some discomforts. Still we shall remember him with good will. He brough us a great relief, a noble triumph, a tremend ous vindication of truth, honor, lib erty and Americanism. The New Year, in the traditional anguage, brings us a new white page on which to inscribe our re cord of life We shall write it while laboring under - some difficulties that did not exist in the old New Years. We were not bothered much then, comparatively speaking, by the cost of living. Taxes were relatively small. There were no worries about fuel and food supplies. But this thing we have in spite of all perplexities, a clearer vision. We have found that materialism wrecks any nation where it pre dominates, that money does not bring satisfaction, that the spirit of service is better. We have learned that things here tofore regarded as impossible in our community life, can be accomp lished by systematic organization and public spirit. We have found that class spirit, snobbishness, intolerdnce of convic tion, are hindrances. We see now what can be done when we all take hold of common causes in the satis faction of working together. We have found that the limitations that often seem to thwart us are very frequently in our own minds only ,. The things .that a person or a community ought 'to' 'have"; can usually be bad in some way or other, if we go about it right So then. Little 1919. we start the upward path with you! In spite of heavier burdens, we begin with a new hope, and "greet, the unseen with a cbeerf Hoover's Ultimatum ' Food Administrator Hoover, in Europe arranging relief for the peo ples of the war- devastated territor ies, has refused in emphatic - terms to discuss German food conditions with Baron Von derLancken and Dr. Rietb, who sought a meeting with the Food Administrator. - A message from Paris to-day said these two German officials, wbo were prominent in the German administration of Belgium, wired from Berlin to Walter Lyman Brown, director of the Commission for Re lief in Belgium, Rotterdam, that they bad been appointed by the German Government to negotiate with Hoover for food supplies and that tbey desired Hoover to advise them when and where be would meet them. In answer to the request for a conference Hoover sent this mes sage: - - . . "You can describe two and a half years of arrogance toward ourselves and cruelty to the Belgians in any language you may select and tell the pair personally to go to hell, w ith my compliments. If I do have to deal with Germans it will not be with that pair. A family reunion was held at the home of Mrs. Lena Umstattd Christmas day. Miss Ruby Umstattd at home, Mr. and-' Mrs. Allen Um stattd and children' of St. Louis, James Umstattd of Charleston, W, Va . and Ray Umstattd of Van couver, Washington.' They all en joyed the family gathering very much as it was the first time they have all been together for ten years. - . ' This Fateful Year As long as time shall run, the year 1918 must be considered one of tbe great turning points of histo- ry. You can really match it up with but two other years, that in which Christ was born, and that in which America was discovered. But now that the American coast is believed to have been explored by Norsemen long before 1492. that year has not the full significance it once had Some people might say that 1215, the year when Magna Charter was granted by King John of England, was" of equal significance in the world struggle for democracy. Yet that event directly affected only one nation, while the world war of 1914 18 drew in nearly v ull modern states. It might be argued that the years that saw the decline of Turkish power, which once reached to the gates of Vienna, might be consider ed as witnessing an equally fateful struggle between civilizations. Yet this decline covered so long an era, that no ooe year stands out. Some might go still farther and say that when Charles Martel overthrew tbe Saracens at Poitiers in 732. and prevented them from overrunning; Europe. . it was an equally signifi cant turning point. Yet the forces involved in that struggle were rela tively so small, that the world will never look at it as an equally dram atic climax. in tne war we nave just passed through, two great tendencies, au tocracy and democracy, which bad been growing , in parallel lines for. 2000 years, met Jo final conflict. 'Alf "tbe Intervening years meet, be regarded as preparing for that struggle.- We hive seen in our day the fruition of 2000 years of evolu tion working along these conflicting lines. Thus it has been our great privilege to be present at the very climax of the world's history for 2000 years. It has been worth -all it costs to live at this fateful hour. . Swamp Land Survey A survey of unused and swamp lands which might be reclaimed and sold by the Government to soldiers, is now being made in Mis souri by agents for the Department of the Interior. It is planned ' that what land can be utilized for agri cultural purposes will be offered cheaply to the soldiers State Land Reclamation Commis sioner Doc Brydon, and Jewell Mayes, Secretary of the State Board of Health are co-operating with the agents in gathering information for frfiA Bureau Similar surveys are being made in othet states on the recommenda tion of Secretary of Interior Lane. Congress appropriated . $200,000 to start tbe surveys, and the next ses sion of Congress will be asked to ap propriate' $1,000,000 to continue the work. State Debt Paid The State Board of Fund Com missioners on Christmas Eve order ed the payment of the remainder of the $2,000,000 loan negotiated two years ego. In bis letter to the St. Louis Clearing House.. Governor Gardner called attention to the fact that his loan had been paid while tbe State institutions were being: maintained in better condition than ever, the State school apportionment increased by a half million, and all in the face of the condition of high prices brought on by tbe war. A. B, Montgomery after spending the holidays here with tbe home folks left Friday for Paris Gland, S C.