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Ute Historical P iciet"
HOE CITY; DE Monroe City, Missouri, Friday, January 31, 1919 Number 43 Volume XXXI ' MOCRAT i ., ; 1 : The Missouri Legislature Despite the advice of Senator Seldon P. Spencer and a section of the Constitution of Missouri that State Senatorial districts cannot be changed, at this session of the legis lature, some Republican members are endeavoring to not only block all moves toward a new constitution, but all're medial legislation offered for this session. It is known that Senator Spencer has given it as his opinion that the state cannot be re-districted at this time, bnt the Senator has advised also that his opinion regarding the matter should be kept quiet because of the political effect that talk of a bill of this character will have on Republican members of the legislature. The effort to line all Republicans 8gaio8t the wholesome recommends tions of Governor Frederick D. Gard- ot r is having but little effect, a num ber of Republican members declare. The constitution provides that the Senatorial districts be formed at tbeJ first session of the legislature alter each census and if not then by the " governor, attorney general and sec retary of state within thirty days after the adjournment of the ses -sion." One of the warm fights of theses eion will ccme tp over a bill pro viding for capital punishment in the stale, introduced by Senator Vou Mayes cf Pemiscot county. This foitu of ruiiit-l.n.ti,t was ato&AeeH by a close vote two years ago. Sen ator Mayes declare that some club must be .held over persons sentenced to prison for life who kill for the re motest chance of escape. More than 5C0 bills have been in troduced thus early in the session TLey effect everything fom justices of the peace coutt to amending the Holy Writ. Members of the House are en deavoring to find seme way to clear the large number of negroes out of the cloek rectus, who are drawing $3.50 per d8y, in order that mem ' bers may get their coats and bats. The negroes were placet! on the pay roll by the Republican members from St. Louis. In addition to raising enough money by indirect taxation, without raising taxes in jhe state, to pay an iudebtedness of $2,077,356.95 Gover nor Geiener, Attorney General Mc Allister and Treasurer Middlekamp increased the state school fund ap proximately $800,000. Secretary of State bullivan is planning to make it mighty hard for automobile thieves. He is work ing on a number of bills which will reduce such thefts to the minimum. He says that - when, the measures are provided they will have about the same effect on car thieves "as the Ami-Horse Thief Association did on horse thieves. The old cry of mismanagement of the state penitentiary has not come up at this session of the general as sembly and there has been no short age in the earnings of that institu tion regardless of the claims made by friends of the contract system at the last session. A report by W. R. Painter. J. Kelly Pool end Henry Andrae, who compose the prison board, shows that regardless of the ' increased cost of foodstuffs and the raise in pay for guards during the past two years there is a surplus of $147,740.43. The commission has in- since last issue of the Democrat elude the following: By Senator Harrison Abolishing he State Bureau of Mines and Min ng and transferring its' duties to the Bureau of Labor. McCullough Creating the office solve the question of the clerical force and eliminate the scandal of employing a . large number of use less clerks in the Legislature. Speaker O'Fallon announced that the other 'two Republican members of the committee were Guy H. War ing of Jasper County and C. H Miles of Benton County, while the Democratic members of the com mittee are Minority Floor Leader J. D. Hostetter of Pike County. John H. Keith of Iron County and C. L VV. W. Tait was a Palmyra visitor Friday. Mr. and Mrs Geo. Chipman spent Saturday in Hannibal. Rev Fr Thomas Fox, of Indian Creek is in St. Louis this week. O. M Wailes is spenning the week in Wilton, Iowa with relatives. Judge Robert Meriwether was in Palmyra, Friday on legal business after a several weeks stay in New Mexico. of State Fire Marshal. Brownlet Amending the coal Ferguson of Ripley County mining laws by requiring mine The appointment of the commit operators to provide a batn tut) tee follows the adoptldn of a report Rev. O Lindstrom filled the pulpit for each five miners employed, and submitted yesterday by the Clerical in the .Episcopal church in Canton to provide separate bathing facilities Force Committee, urging that a law Sunday for white and negro miners. be drafted and presented in th i Belken Making teachers certifi- House in connection with the em cates issued in one county good in p0yment of competent clerks. omer counues or meoiaie. Durintf the discussion or tne re McClintic Allowing county DOrt the Rerublican leaders ad courts to levy special taxes on land nritted that the Houbc dbv roll had ot Lentner spent the week end with wirhin one half mile of hichwav to hcan inarieri Hnwn with a iiepIpks her mother. - - V I V L lVfc-V V " - . u uwu.ww number of clerks and employes. ii89 Tomye Ely went to Perry Mrs H J. Tonsor and daughter, Miss Gertrude spent Monday in Hannibal. Mr. and Mrs Cecil A Armstrong pay for road construction, provided the tax does not exceed one-fourth of the cost of the road. Young Amending the law to re gulate aDPointment and duties of rownship road overseers. Cook Increasing the salary of the chaplain of the Missouri Peniten tiary from $1,200 to $2,400. Mave6 To atoliib the office of State Beer Inspector. Former Governor Joseph W. Folk, who was defeated lest November for the United States Senate, the father of ,the primary system is Mis souri. has taken the lead in the movement to thwart the undemo cratic scheme of changing back to dtifgate ctnVeiltrars11rom the pri- ary system-through sending out a warning to Missouri voters what is ahead. He says; Iheieisa movtment on to re peal the primary law. - It took years of fighting to secure for the people the power they have under the pri maty law, and the people should not permit this power to be taken away from them. Those who would repeal the primary law are for the old convention system, under which the bosses are usually supreme, "The primary system, of course, is not perfect. There is do system of government by the people that will work automatically. To my mind it is better to perlect any imperfec tions which may exist in. the pres ent primary law than to abolish it and turn to all the evils that; flow from the convention s stern. If it is a Ltd thing for the bosses to have any control under the ptim'ary sys tem it would be a worse thing for the bosses to have full control un der the convention plan. ''The' defects in the convention system cannot be corrected, while the defects in the primary system can-be reduced to a minimum "It is claimed that the people The employment of .28 assistant Saturday to spend a fev days with doorkeepers. 18 of whom are ne- her father, M I. Ely. also bed fix gangs of convicts work lag on the highway! of the state. New bills introduced in the senate . in the House to draft a groes, has been one of the greatest sources of criticism of the action of the Republican members. The ne groes are being paid $3.50 a day. while there are a number of white men doirg janitor work in the Cap itol for $2 per day. The members appointed on the committee today are in complete sMnpoihv with the movement to do away with the employment of many of the useless clerks. Roll of Honor The honor toll of the Monroe City Public Schools January, as furnished by Supt. E. E Bridwell. is as follows: 1st. Grade Mary Kratz, Wilfred Scott Dawson, Ruby Fry. , 2nd. Grade Eugene Nesbit, Josephii e Bridwell, Danella Johnston. 3rd. Grade Kathryn White, Elmo Willard. Scott Conway. 5th. Grade Lillian Ballard, AllieWolf. Ruth McFarland. 6th. Grade Martha Elizabeth Conway. Dona Fern George. Blanch Scobee, Jbelma Baynum. ' 7th. Grade Burnley Cook. Judith Ellen Johnson. 8th. Grede Pauline Tuley. Will Go to France F. R. Hedrick. head of the mathe matics department of the University of Missouri and author of several Paul McGee, of Hannibal spent Sunday in this city with his wife who is visiting here. Mr. and Mrs. Gregory Buckman of near Shelbina spent part of the week in this city with relatives. Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Gage, of Kan sas City are visiting Mrs. Luta B. Proctor and other relatives here. Joe Baumgard returned to his home in Ullan. III., Monday after a visit with his sister. Mrs. A. L Abell. Mrs. R. B. Parker, of Shelby ville has been spending a few days in- this city with her sister, Mrs Sarah Morgan. Mrs. Tide Courtney and children of New London have been recent League of Nations Latest reports from the peace conference indicate that the consti tution of the proposed league of na tions will leave each government free to make its own decisions. The league will take action against any nation that refuses to abide by its decrees. But each government wouid decide for itself whether it would send its army or navy to help enforce thpse decisions. A league thus organized would not be open to the objections that many have seen in the plan. For some years of course such a league would be experimental Its success would depend upon the de gree of harmony with which the na tions worK together This govern ment would not be likely to commit itself in advance to support the de crees tne league mignt pronounce. But as time went on and the league demonstrated its usefulness, there would be a tendency for the nations to back it up more and more firmly. A league constituted as above suggested, would command very powerful forces if it never went to war A combination of the United States, England.. France and Italy would in all human probability always be able to control the seas. Any nation that defied this com bination would be driven off the ocean and lose its foreign commerce for a time at least. The experiences of Germany have demonstrated that it is very difficult for a government to conduct a war successfully, with out free use of the seas And the loss of its commerce piralszes a nation's business guests of her Henry Lear. parents. Mr and Mrs. Mrs. Paul McGet and little son. Haroid, of Hannibal are spending i his week v. ith her parents, Mr. ai,d Mrs,. Evan Smith. Mrs. O. C. Blackburn returned to her home in Vandalia, Saturday a few das visit with her parents, Mr and Mrs. Greatbouse. Mrs. C. K. Jarman after a weeks visit here with her daughter, Mrs. Edmund Jaeger returned to her home in Quincy, Saturday. John liornbutk went to Oklahoma V:onday to attend to the settlement of the Olive Buchanan estate of which be is administrator. Mrs. R. L. Young returned to Pal myra Sunday. She was called here Friday night by the serious illness of ber father, W. 0. Foreman. Mrs. E. T. Griffith and two daugh ters. Misses Josephine and Helen of Quincy returned to their home cannot be trusted to make'nomina- textbopks on mathematics used in Mocday 8ter a visit witn relatives tions. U the people cannot be Missouri hidh schools extensively. ,n ,nis cuy- ... , will leave soon for France, where Mr. and Mrs. Henry Zeiger and be will bead the mathematics de- two children spent the last of the partment of the United War Work week in Hannibal the guests of Mr. Council. The importance of the I ZeiCer's sister. Mrs. Waller White trusted to govern themselves by what process of reasoning can it be assumed that the bosses can be trusted to govern the people? "The primary law is one of the measures for government by the people fought for in the political revolution of 1904. I do not believe that the General Assembly will so far disregard the rights and wishes of the people to repeal it. If the General Assembly should, however, educational work to be done by the and family Council can be realized by the .fact that $7,000,000 worth of books have already been sent across the Atlan tic. , Professor Hedrick has been grant ed a leave of absence from the University. He will return to the the referendum will be called for University for the first term next and the question submitted to the August. people as to whether they wish to I . give up the power bestowed upon narry woous is uaving me resi them by the primary lew." dence property he recently purchas- Representative William W. Hen-led on Catbrioe street remodeled derson of St. Louis County was land repaired and when completed named chairman of the committee will move bis family there and measure to 1 make it bis home. The United States Government guarantees wheat prices and the earnings of the railroads. The Mis souri Legislature guarantees the profits of a restaurant. It's all the style. E. D. Noland, of Cbillicothe. Ill and son, Paul Noland, of Camp Bradley, Peronia, III., who were called to Hunnewell by the-illness and death of Mr. Noland s father in-law. Joseph Hickman, spent Sun day afternoon in this city with the formers brother. Dr. u A. Nolacd and wife. "Information Wanted Mrs. S. B. rhiehoff. who has re cently returned from a three mouths residence in Los Angeles, California, developed wbile there a tute for coat's rxi'.k, whLh, she says, is much r.cher and more nu tritious than cow's milk. As a re sult her h'usoand has ben quite busy the past week communicating with live stock commission hoises in St. Louis and ether points, but as yet has failed to locate the exact breed of goat desired.' The Demo crat early last fail suggested that town residents could materially re duce the "high cost of living" by investing in a few Leghorn chickens and a goat, but the suggestion was not taken seriously by a large ma jority of our population. We had figured that there were enough tin cans, brickbats and old boots and shoes in Monroe City to feed a good sized herd of goats until the close of the war. In the meantime anyone having a good, gentle milk goat for sale please wire or write S. B. Thiehoff, Monroe City. Mo. Solan Gets New Trial The case of George Solan, the man who was given a life sentence in the penitentiary about the first of the year by a jury ' in Macon county for the murder of James Threlkeld at the Shelbina fair in September 1917. has been reversed by the Supreme Court-and sent back for a new trial. J. D. Dale, for the state, and J. H. Whitecotton and Robert Barrow for the defendant, were at Macon Thurs day when the motion for bond was. argued before Judge V. L Drain. Judge Drain fixed the bond at: $5,000, which was promptly given.. J. H. Whitecotton, of Moberly. and Dr. J. J. Farrel, of Hannibal, became Solan's bondsmen, the latter quali fying in the sum of fifty, thousand dollars above exemptions. Mr. Whitecotton is worth as much. Solan's next trial will be docketed for the April term of circuit court, at Macon.