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Save the Primary
According to the press dispatches, the Democratic State Committee has appointed a cmimittje to colla borate with e. similar comniittee ap pointed by the Republican State Oimmittep. lodkina to the repeal of the State primary law. Why is the Democratic State Committee taking so m-ieh interest in depriving the rank uid file of the Democratic voters of a voice in making nominations? Is Ben F. Neale. chairman of the l Democratic State Committee, a party to this conspiracy? If not. it would be well for him to repudiate it promptly, for his inme has been prominently connected with the scheme. The move to repeal the primary law is of RDub!ican origin Its chief newspaper supporters are The St. Louis Globe Democrat and The Kansas City Journal, both Republi can organs Why should the Demo cratic State Committee lend itself to this conspiracy against the rights of the voters? The advcc ites of the repeal of the primary law favor the old con vention system, under which the bosses are usually supreme. The people of this State remember too well the evils born of the conven tion system to ever place such pow er in the hands of the bosses again. 'The advocates of the repeal of the primary law chirn that the rank and file of the people cannot be trusted to matte nominations As was said by former Gov Folk a few days ao in The Republic, in a statement opposing the repeal of the primary law: If the people cannot be trusted to govern themselves, by what process of reasoning can it be assumed that the bosses can be trusted to govern the peopk ? The primary system, of course, is not perfect There is u system of government by the people that will work automatically. Government by the people u not a laz man's form of government, If the people do not always appreciate the power given them by the primary law the remedy is not to takeaway the power, but to arouse the people so that thev will exercise their civic duties. we nave just fought a great war to make the world safe for demo cracy. Government by the people is now the dominant thought ot the civilized nations of the earth. The argument of those who would re peal the primary law in its last an alysis is for a monarchical form of government, government by the few instead of government by the many. If the principle of the pri mary law is- wrong, then govern ment by the people is wrong. The Democratic State Committee is in mighty poor business in aiding this conspiracy of the prophets of reaction against popular govern ment. The people of the State should awaken and write their re preseotatives in the Legislature, warning them against voting to substitute boss rule in place of government by the people under the primary law. We do not be lieve that the Legislature will be so misled as to repeal the primary Jaw, but if it should, the referendum wm ie called tor and the question submitted to the people of tne State whether or not they wish to give up the power placed in their hand , by the primary law, and confer up on the bosses the authority to make nominations regardless of the wishes of the rank and file of the people. The conspiracy of the bosses should, and we believe will, fail Such secretly devised plans can no more stand publicity than bats will fly in the blaze of day. St. Louis Republic ' , It is to be hoped the ' American soldiers now in Russia are Noith Dakotans. Thoe boys would soon er flgbt in the snow than shovel it. Robinsom Will Case The famous will made by Temple ! B Robinson, thought to he the only one of its kind in Ai. ericaci hi9tory was argued in the supreme court at Jefferson City, Tuesday, Judge J. M. Crutcher. James H. Whitecotton, James J Browning and A. T. Stu art representing the estate and the county while Attorney General Mc Allister and Julge Maher, of St. ; Joseph" appeared for the heirs who are seeking to set the will a9ide. Mr.-Robinson, it will be remember ; ed. was of a Socialistic disposition, (stating in his will that, having wrongfully withheld his mmey from the public his duty was to make restitution by miking the J public his heir. Accordingly, he be- queathed one third to the state, one- fund of Monroe county," and one third to "the capital of the school fund of Paris district." The estate isworth about $40,000. Contesting heirs put forward the argument that the funds named, not being legal entities, could not legally be come heirs to an estate Attorneys Crutcher, Browning. Stuart and Whitecotton argued that the be quest, being in the nature of chan ty, the county court, as custodian of the school fund, could legally in herit it as trustees. While the suit has been pending taxes to the amount of $600 have accumulated at Paris against the estate. A de cision is expected inide of three months Paris Appeal. Wolves in Bates Co. Wolves are becoming a great menace to the farmers and stock raisers of Sates County, and there are daily reports of depredations ou sheep folds and cattle pens. Tne wolves are particularly numerous iu he western part of the county along the Marais des Cygnes River. bey are now traveling in some sec tions in large packs, and many of hem have recently been killed by hunters. At Rockville, in the southeast corner of the county, three young men with dogs, went hunting a day or to ago, and- met a Dig pack. with a large and ferocious looking gray wolf in the lead. The wolves gave chase to the men and dogs, and ran them into the town. A few miles west of Adrain a farmer was chased by wolves Wed nesday afternoon and took refuge in a tree, where he remained for several hours until help arrived The wolves tore one of his shoes off be fore he could get out of their reach. Numerous drives are being called for the early part of this week, and ! farmers hope to kill many of the1 wolves. They are mostly of the big gray species. A few covotes are seen among them. Th?y have killed many sheep and some few calves, but their chief food seems chickens and ducks. j Asked a good woman the other ! day," says The Armstrong Herald , "what the' women would next try to bring about in the way of a reform, then being no longer need of a fight ; on the liquor question. She prompt- jy ly replied 'our next fight will be' waged against the use of tobacco ' We promptly told her she could not expect the support of The Herald in war on tobacco. Tobacco may be! injurious, -but it don't make thei folks tha,t use it injure other people like Whisky does. Whoever heard I of two men getting into a fight whila smoking a pipe or cigar." The J Indians knew what they were about i when they smoked their pipes of j peace. Mr. and Mrs. J W. Carrico have ! moved back from Yuma, Arizona Mr. Carrico has bought the W. T. i Miles farm southwest of this city at which place they will reside . Mrs. Lee Pierceall was called to Nebruska last week by the illness of her, daughter, Miss Hazel,, who has been real sick for several days. The Farmer's Income A farmer must figure up all in come derived from the sale or ex change of products during th year, whether buch produce was raised on the farm or purchased and resold. He is allowed to deduct from this total his expenses of the year con nected with the planting, cultiva tion. harvesting and marketing of the crop, or the care, feeding and murkelingof live stock. He is not allowed to deduct the amount ex pended in 1918 in purchasing stock for resale, unless sold in .the same year; but when such stock is sold its cost is to be deducted from sale price in ascertaining the gain to be included in his return of income The cost price of stock bought pr ior to 1917 cannot be deducted as in the case just cited, if such cost was included in the deduction made in the year of purchase. A fanner is not required to in clude in his income tax computa tion the value of farm produce con sumed by himself and family. But in cases where he exchanges pro duce for merchandise, groceries, etc., the market value of the arti cles received in exchange must be included. All other items of income arising during the -year through personal service, business or trade, through use of property or money should be added into the gains for 1918. Joseph Hickman, C. M. Hickman, Irve Hickman. L D Hickman, Jno. Hickman and James Hickman, all of" this community attended the funeral of their sister. Mrs I. N 'Greening in Hannibal, Monday. Mrs Greening died in Hannibal, Wednes day, Jan. . 2 Sae was about 50 years old. Sue was formerly a resident of this city. Besides the six brothers, she leaves her hus band, six daughters, one son and two sisters. When you get tired of your fruit trees dying order a bill of Chas" trees from J. C. McAtee, Monroe City, and see' the difference. Mrs. J. B. Hagan and little son, J B. Jr. of Lousiana is visiting her parents Mr. and Mrs John Bixler of near this city. Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Kincaid of Moberly, are the guests of Mr. and Mrs. J. C. Kincaid. Rev. J 0, Whitwortn of Pari?, was a visitor in the city Wednesday Please bring the little tots in the MORNING Miss 3elle Johnson Our ClosingOut In the Come Levy's Army y.MLCA. Considerable criticism of the army Y.' M C. A work in France is heard, and will probably result in general investigation. It should be kept in mind that the Y. M C A. was put up against a practically impossible proposition. They were, asked to take charge' of a great business spending $100,000, 000 a year. Most of the trained secretaries never had had any ex perience in that line of work. It was about like taking a bunch of ordinary men out of the streets and asking them to operate the Burling ton railroad. i Furthermore there weren't-trained secretaries in the country enough to take charge flf all these camps. It become necessary to take on any ordinary fellow of fair ability who might apply. Naturally most of them were not up to the enormous business task that needed some of the biggest business brains in the country. That the organization succeeded as well as it did with this terrific proposition to handle is amazing. The general testing of the army heads was that it did much better than was expected. Some people have condemned it for taking oa the canteen work. Yet the government wanted it to do it, and it could hardly refuse. The Y. M. C. A. would have attain ed more popularity if it had passed this job over to some one else, but it would have missed a great chance to come into intimate contact with the men. When the soldiers get home, tney wid no doubt tell the story of self sacrificing, earnest service by the Y M. C A men They toiled long hours under great difficulties and frequent danger. Most of the secre taries asked tor front line service, and they paid a heavy price in kill ed and wounded. In spite of all difficulties, the "Y" brough the home touch to the soldiers and the army heads said that one i man added as much to aVmy efficiency as 12 soldiers ordinarily could. Card of Thanks We desire to express our heart felt thanks to the many friends and neighbors who so kindly assisted us in the last1 sickness and death of our dear little daughter, grand daughter and neice for which you m&y rest assured will ever be re membered. Mr and Mrs Leland Gulick. Mr J W Rouse and family. B. Anderson Room is still on. in if You Want to SAVE BIG MONEY. Everything for Sale, Including Fixtures of all Kinds Dep Monroe City, Mo. Reducing Food Costs j The idea that the business of food production needs reorganization not on- held merely by easy chair philosophers and smart newspaper fellows who never saw a hoe nearer than a railroad car window. It is the prevailing scientific expert opinion For iiutauce. Elwood Mead, chairman of the California Lmd Settlement Board, in a recent magazine article says. "The time . has come for a s weeping reorganiza tion of our agrarian system." He refers to American dealings with the soil as a form of anarchy, and says the losses by exhaustion of the soil through lack of fertilization and failure properly to rotate crops, have been more destructive than if all farm houses and buildings in this country had been swept away b, fire. The first respect in which farming is not efficient as compared with factory production, is that farming has not employed machinery to anything the same excent. Farm tractors, for instance are revolu tionizing conditions on many pro perties. But the people do not be gin to realize yet how generally they could be used. There is a steep hillside country in Oregon and Washington where tractors are working on slopes of 50 per cent grade. One farmer in that section who bought a tractor last spring said last September that it had al ready nearly paid for itself. In one country in this district, it is said that the use of harvester and thres her "combines" had saved the time of 200 men. And this .great economy of man power, and cost of subsistence of workers, was made by just one type of machine. Now if similar econ omies could be made in every agri cultural county in the country, in all the various processes of farm work, so far as local conditions per mit, the total saving would' be al most unbelievable Any progres sive farmer ' could expect a large measure of prosperity. Jtlis output wonld be greatly increased. He could afford to sell his products for less money for a given quantity. The food price question would be largely solved. Next Week will be a splendid time to begin a business, telegraph or civil service course, at the Chilli cot he Business College as new classes are to be organised Monday, Feb. 3rd. tore Sale!