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i .'i'p HVoricil S)c!et" MONROE CEFI iDEMOCRA Volume XXXI Monroe City, Missouri, Friday, March 7, 1919 - Number 48 WW The Missouri Despite the , fact the bouse of representatives controlled by ' the Republicans has twenty-eight as sistants and one doorkeeper much difficulty was found in getting per sons on each of the six doors when an executive session was held to bear Dr. G. H. Robinson of the San itary Corps of the U. S. army. When the executive session was ordered Speaker O'Fallon asked that all doors be guarded and the lobbies and galleries be cleared. When this was done the speaker suggest ed that some of the "numerous1' clerks might perform the duty and after considerable delay the en trances were properly guarded. It is on the doorkeeper's force that a large number of the negroes employed by the house are taken care of at $3 50 per day, in addition to those in the bill room. A bill providing for compiling and publishing records of Missouri- ens who served during the war with Germany, together with a his tory of the engagements in which they fought, has been engrossed.' A measure providing for the state board of health to regi late and control venereal diseases and pro vide public clinics for their , treat Boent has been engrossed. The fed eral government is back of the bill and offers to provide $45,000 to en force it. The government's interest id the matter is occasioned by the large number of men who were un t for milatary service because -of -and ailments,. ..,? ' - r-Sodiearfnris are that theChilii-V Code.bills by Senators Kinney and 1 Boford will be favorably ' acted up1 on. The senate and house commit tees have reported favorably on the following: Relating to the abandonment of children. . Raising the age of consent Prohibiting the employment of women three weeks before and three weeks after childbirth. Raising the age of majority for girls. Prohibiting the marriage of feeble minded, epilepticand insane persons Abolishing common-law mar riages. , Establishing the age of marriage for girls at 15. Requiring the consent of parents for issuance of marriage license to : minors. -. Providing institutional care , for colored children. Relating to commitments to in dustrial homes for girls. ' . Relating to commitments to . in dustrial homes for negro girls. . Treatment of incorrigible minors under the juvenile court age. - State supervision of maternity hospitals. . Establishing a state home for de pendent children. Empowering the courts to com mit dependent feeble-minded " per sons to.the state institutions. Providing increased facilities for the' care of the feeble-minded. Relating to the commitment of deaf children to the state institu tions. Establishment of special classes in the public schools for defective children. .', -f Age at which children may work, hours of work for children. Issuance of employment certifl- cates.' . .- . v v'. State superintendent, of schools fsball supervise work of instruction in certain state institutions. ., A bounty on chicken hawks and Legislature owls of 50 cents each, to be paid by the county, is proposed. To collect the bounty the head must be taken to the county court. A bill to compel' all school dis tricts of the state to vote a levy of 65 cents before state aid is availa bl e has been introduced by Repre sentatives Maxey ; and Ely. The measure also provides a scale for teachers' wages as follows: Teach ers holding first grade certificates. $75; second grade, $65; third grade, $50. All schools are also required to properly beat buildings, provide sanitary toilets, pure drinking water and ample and sanitary grounds; All road men are agreed on the McCullough-Morgan road bill which was mentioned in this letter recent ly and it is almost certain that the measures will be enacted into law They provide for approximately $60,000 (or the purpose of improv ing 50 miles of roads in each coun ty. A conferee ce called by Governor Gardner resulted in this agreement I he rate on county patients to state hospitals will be increased from $13 to $18 per month if a bill by Senator Livesay - is successful Private patients now pay $20. Senator fiuford proposes that in stead of having a constitutional convention for a new constitution that persons interested in this mat ter present to the legislature such amendments as they desire and have them' submitted to the people of the ' state. - This,' he fiK. has bee j ;done7 with, success 'in other aL';'d..'.-'v.h-:-.L-; I The special House Committee, which was appointed to draft a bill to solve the biennial clerical scan dal, will recommend the employ ment of 75 clerks for the House and 65 for the Senate. The measure, as it is now being drawn, provides that the clerks shall . receive $4 a day instead ol $3.50, which is, now paid them. Both the House and Senate are now em ploying more than 200 clerks. The proposed hill provides, that the clerical force shall be selected in each branch ol the Legislature by a bipartisan commission to be appointed by the presiding officer. The bill provides that the clerks shall be tmploytd "solely on the basis of ffficieney, experience and fitness for the position to which they 8re appointed." However, at present, there is a big loophole in the bill, which will allow either House to employ ad ditional help by resolution. That section of the bill provides: "The Senate or House may, by resolution, setting forth the number ard necessity therefor, the nature of their duty and all the facts and circumstances. which' require such action, employ additional emplojes at a salary of $4 per day, provided that a vote of two-thirds of the en tire members shall be in favor of the resolution.'' The senate emended and adopted the resolution passed by the house naming the Pikes Peak Ocean-to-Ocean Highway the Pershing Trans port Route, so far as Missouri is concerned. The , senate emend ment tamed Monroe City, Macon acd several other towns on the route between Hannibal and St. Joseph. ; Charlie Smithand father C H. Smith wtie in Paris Tuesday to ap point an Administrator for the es t tte at bis fathers brother,' of the late Jere-P. B, Smith. V V -Selling the Next Bonds The time o( the Victory Liberty loan canvass approaches. The Democrat Is of the opinion the gov er nment has something of a problem no its hands. It was a compara tively easy matter. to sell the bonds when the boys were suffering and dying in the. trenches. The most stupid or selfish man. could then see that everyone must back up the government. But, now that the war is over, there will be a strong sentiment of "Let George do it" Yet the government must have the money to complete the aims for which it went to war. The people must make their choice. They must take up this new issue, nr pay the remaining costs of the war in taxes. If the bonds can't be sold, then the exist ing taxes, great as they are, will be far too low. There is of course another means of inducing the people to take the loon If the people won't take up a sufficient quantity of the bonds direct from the government, they cah be placed through brokers, who of course would expect a fair com mission. That will be a heavy bill eventually to be paid by the people It is generally admitted that the bonds must be offered at somewhat more favorable terms to float them 1 he proposal for , short term notes is a good one, as people dislike to 8 ee money tied up for such long periods. A short term security would not slump soJar down below par as the previous is&ues have done. .-2-: ?;It will be better-policy "for the government to be fatriy liberal in frotf tete0beu to sell the bonds through, the brokers at a large commission.. When-' securi ties considered . perfectly good are 6tlling to net 5 and 6 per cent, it is uot very easy to sell issues to the people netting only 41-4 or 4 12 It would seem good policy to offer the bonds at a . price that would float them at par. even if it took as much as 4 3-4 per cent. Probably that would be a sufficient rate to dispose of the whole issue ; Douglas-Drescher A cuprise wedding took - place last Sunday when Miss Alberta Douglas 8nd Mr. Jewell Drescher journeyed to St. Louis and were quitely married at 5 o'clock in that city. " The bride is the daughter, of Mr acd Mrs. K. H. Douglas of this city and a most excellent young lady being very popular among her wide circle of friends. She was a mem ber of the 1918 graduation class the Monroe City Public school and also of the 1918 Teachers Training class. The groom is the youngest son. of Mr. and Mrs- N. A. Drescher a nd is at present Clerk for Senator R. S. MtClintic in Jtffereon City The heppy couple went frcm St Louis to Jefferson City where Mr. Drescher will be employed until May, after which time they will re turn to this city to make their home. This paper joins their friends in ex tending congratulations, and well wishes.''-' - -C J. D. Robey received checks amounting to $1X00 Monday frcm D. J. Callahan, Supnme Treasurer of the Knights of Columbus at Wash ington D. C for the late J. C Quinu. The money will be distributed emcng the brothers and sisters of the deceased. V ' '. Kinceid &. Youell will fell a car Iced of Iowa, mares ecd mules at auction Satuiday. Ste a J v. else where in ibis isfu of the Dtmccret, President Wilson's Triumph From the New Americans who regretted the resident's decision to absent him self from the country in these days of domestic need and urgency, and the Times was one of those which regretted it, will not only cheerfully admit the greatness of bis achieve ments at the Paris Conference, but will rejoice in their recognition of his now amply demonstrated fitness for the work be undertook Mr. Wilson's presence at the Conference has not been a cause of discord or of jealousy; it has not been resented was seen from the beginning that he went there not to dominate, as his critics said, but to unite the nations. He has been mar veously successful io bringing into agree ment men who represented interests that seemed to be conflicting. His ofluence in this work has prevail ed because all the other nations represented looked upon him as a wise and impartial friend, interest ed only in making justice and the welfare of peoples the basis of the decisions reached. His triumph in securing unanimous approval of the league of nations constitution is one in which every American may take pride. Mr. Wilson has a dreadful way with his critics. He does not reply to them, he does worse. They rail at him as an idealist, a visionary, a man without practical objectives, or if he have them, that- they are impossible of acceptance; and they obligingly point but the things he ought" to do. r Mr Wilson calmly continues his great labors, and presently lays his critics flat and leaves them helpless either by doing the very things they had proposed, and doing in a manner better than tbey ever dreamed of, or else by at taining his ends in a way that robs their objections of every point We are confident that Mr. Beck, for in stance, must regret the violence of the language he used iB his Lincoln Day address when he said that Mr. Wilson's foreign policy throughout "has been a black stain of dishonor upon the American people;" that "bis principles have been a crazy patchwork of contradictions," con sistent only in one idea, that the war "must end in a peace without victory." If this be just criticism then Mr. Wilson has as his accom plices in dishonoring the American people, in constructing "his crazy patchwork of contradictions," and in bringing the war to end without victory, some fourteen nations o: the .earth, including the greatest civilized nations. Such criticism recoils disastrously upon him who utters it. Not even the natural desire of a great political party to find or create Issues" for the com ing , presidential election can give lodgment in the minds and hearts of the people to this estimate ol Mr. Wilson's distinguished service The day when the project of the covenant of peace was approved unanimously in Paris was one of the greatest in the world's history. The people of all the nations under stand that; , the people of America with their horror of war, cannot be fooled about it; they cannot be mu led into any small and narrow view of its - momentous promise. Io bringing the plan of the league into form and acceptance, Mr. Wilson has played a toaster role, every American feels that la his heart, every American understands that he brought great abilities, extraor- York limes diary qualities of tact and persua sion, and a profound understanding of the need of all the peoples to the performance of his task. The American people will be impatient of any petty or partisan obstruction put in the way of .the acceptance of this covenant of the nations as their public system of law and justice Spending Road Money The Democrat understands that an enormous amount of money is to be used this year in highway im provement The total to be spent by the states and the U. S govern ment has been estimated at $400. 000.003 to $500,000,000. This is fine. The State of Missouri is keenly interested in road improvement and . will do its share in this national movement. It means a permanent addition to the industrial equip- ment, and must tent) to reduce the cost of getting food to the market. But where so vast a sum of money is to be laid out, exceptional care is needed to see that none of it is wasted. There will b-? plenty of people looking for pickings out of this great sum. There will be a tremendous push for contracts and jobs. It i? a legiti mate business proposition for any one to seek employment on these enterprises. They will attract the best engineers and most practical road builders. And there will be others who will try to work their way in on bluff, tail talk, personal friendship, and political influence.' There must be no scandaU io handling this great enterprise. This is no place tor banding out pork. This money should be spent as a pure business proposition, and it should be handled by the men who make the lowest bids and the best showing of technical and profession al competence in road building. It will not be possible to conceal poor work and waste, as is so easi ly done on some forms of construc tion. Every motorist, every farmer, and every other citizen using the roads, should constitute himself a committee of one to watch opera tions in his neighborhood. If he sees evidence of poor work, incom petence, or dishonesty, he should promptly report it to his local authorities. If the complaint seems well founded, they should pass it on to the people higher up. Missourians should be more than proud of these words from General Pershing: "Without disparagment of any other division, I consider the Missouri and Kansas troops the best looking men I have got io France," This word was brought to this country by Major General Peter E. Traub, who commanded them. "And I found them so," Gen eral Traub said. Mrs. Paul McGee and little son, Harold of Hannibal are spending this week with ber parents Mr. and Mrs. Evan Smith. Mr. McGee was called to Paris Friday by the serious illness of his father John McGee who suffered a paralytic stroke Tuesday and another one Friday. Mr. McGee has many friends in this city who will be sorry to learn of his critical condition. Mrs. S. a Tbiehoff visited from Friday until Monday in St. Louis with Eldred Thiehoff who is attend ing the Washington University.