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By H. J. la every community there are a few farmers who have carefully worked out a system of crop and live stock production, and - who stick to this system in the main through drought and flood, high and low prices, and tfood and evil re port, In the same community there are other farmers who have no fix ed system of cropping, breeding and feeding, but who attempt to fit their, operations to the fluctuations in the market from year to year. They emphasize corn one year, wheat an other and perhaps following a short crop and exceptionally high prices go heavily into potatoes. If nay is profitable and corn and wheat have been giving small returns they seed much of their land to grass, lay aside the costly equipment of tools and machinery required in produc ing grain and equip themselves with all the latest haying toola Usually by the time they are producing hay on a commercial scale the market demand has shifted and some other adjustment is necessary. . In live stock when hogs are low they .sell their brood 6OW9 at a sac rifice nnd possibly stock up on ewes at a high price because sheep made money last year. Those who are producing beef cattle, on learning that dairy products are scarce and high priced, disperse their beef herds and buy dairy cows. The skill ac quired in raising bogs is only partly useful in raising sheep. Some may have become excellent judges of beef animal, but this knowledge is of little value when they come to buy aud develop a dairy herd. This class of farmers is constant ly embarking in new enterprises requiring new and expensive equip ment, and Dew knowledge and skill. This, of course, presents an extreme view. No one farmer ever made all these changes, because he would be sold out by the sheriff long before he got around , The Business Outlook. Ever since peace was foreshad owed last fall, financial and busi ness authorities have been trying to forecast the business future. They have issued the most diverse and contradictory prophecies. One man sees a bright future immedi ately ahead. Another issues dark predictions of disaster. ' Which is the common sense view, and upon what foundations may the business man. the farmer, and the worker, plan out their activities and under takings? Careful thinkers and students of economic conditions looli back to the past when they wish to esti mate the trend of future events History repeats itself. Most of the experts who have deliberated over this question give much thought and weight to the course of busi ness in the country during the years immediately following the mil Wop So they are recalling the fact that for half a dozen y, ears follow ing the Civil War, there was a peri od of apparent prosperity. The cur rency was inflated, money was abundant, people spent freely. This gave business men the courage to go ahead- and produce goods in ' lnrdA vnliimf This seeming prosperity was all the more remarkable, when you consider the condition of prostra tion that seemed to exist, when the war closed. The wealth of the great Southern section, nearly half of the country at that time, was practically wiped out. ' Both North, and South were undeveloped, there ,was hardly any banking or railroad system, there was no surplus of in -Selling Low WATERS At ' this moment nearly every farmer ' in the country faces the problem of changing from war time farming to that system which will best fit the needs of the world in times of peace. But in the long run most radical changes follow a lean year in the production of some staple like corn, wheat, hay or po tatoes or following a period high or low prices. Those who seek to readjust their plans too often fail to realize the fundamental fact that a lean year, with its accompanying high prices, tends to stimulate over production in that line the next year, because the acreage is likely to be increased and the land was partly rested the year. before. Also that a large har vest and its consequent low prices tend to discourage production be cause the acreage is apt to be re duced and the soil was heavily tax ed to bear the large crop the year before. Nothing is more fully dem onstrated in human experience than that if farmers lose money on hogs this fall and winter there is apt to be a light pig crop, next spring. If steers or lambs make money this year feeders are likely to be very high next year. . I am not urging the adoption of any bard and fast system of crop ping and live stock management, that would mean theend of all farm progress. But before making a rad ical change front the line in which one has had the most extensive ex perience, and tne greatest success, all factors involved shall be most carefully considered. A successful farmer once said to me: "'The fellows who change from one thing to another every few years are our best friends, because they make trading good for the rest of us." Continually selling out one line at a low price and buying in another at a high price, as a losing game, was never improved upon. vestment capital. The whole country was burdened with a great debt and war, taxes. Yet in spite of all these apparently crushing handicaps, business jump ed into a state of activity, and held it for six ears. It is not surprising that many people believe that repetition of the same buoyant conditions is to be manifested in this country during the next few years. . ' Sparks of Wit A neighboring exchange says that one of its citizens had recovered from the "flue" The chimney must have fallen op him. Pittsburg paper contains an ad vertisement: "One large furnished room for gentleman with kitchen ette." We know a gentleman with a bay window. Will he do? A crank, armed with a revolver, entered the private office of Gov. Philip of Wisconsin and demanded $20,000,000. He must have, thought he was in a printing office. A ' Georgia street girl who has been using glycerine for chapped lips says that it doesn't do a bit of good. The chaps simply remove the glycerine and proceeds as be fore. A female correspondent of the Republic asks the medical editor how to reduce the bust- Don't know about the women folks but prohibition is going to reduce many a male bust after July 1. . It 'is the unexpected that hap pens, especially to the fellow who is dead sure be can never be wrong. ! America is the best and most ad vertieed natioQ lo the world-' Getting the Boys Home . According to the recent statement of Gen. March, chief of the U S. Army staff, the rate of demobilize tion soldiers now in this country has been 120,000 a week It is ex pected that the demolilization of practically all the force in this country will be completed by April 1 Reports from cantonments - indi cates that the life and spirit of the army has pretty well oozed out The boys were full of energy and ambition when there was a great patriotic task to be achieved But now that the task is accomplished, the boys long only to get home and resume their ordinary occupations. Demobilization has probably been delayed so as not to throw the men on their own resources too suddenly. But the preference of the men would have been to go home at once. They would gladly take their chances on getting some thing to do. And they can't make progress toward securing jobs while tied up in cantonments a long dis tance from home. ine Democrat minus mat in so far as the delay is due to army red tape, the methods of demobiliza tion should be speeded up. If the United States Steel Corpo ration found a great force of em ployees suddenly out of a job, if it bad no further use for them, and if the men themselves wished to be released, the company would find some method for letting them go in a shorter time than 20 weeks. .The methods of the army should be modeled on the swift efficieni y of business system. The time of the men at the camps is not being use fully employed now The same thing applies even more forcibly to the soldiers in Fracce, except the fraction the army needed for the present in Germany. Ride across your state on a train. watch the farms go by, and notice how well painted buildings make a farm look "rich." Weather beaten bar 08, granaries and outbuildings may be strong and substantial, and good for many years of service, but to the casual observer they look old Oa the other hand, well painted tarm ouuaings lena an air ot pros perity and make a, farm look up on the landscape. The bleak, wind blown buildings. weather beaten and lonely, that cross the vision as one rides a train across Missouri, are the rural school houses Inartistic structures, want ing paint, wanting the protecting shade of a few trees, they hardly look like the proper place to house, for several hours each day of the school term, such boys and girls as are being grown on Missouri farms oome advertisers say. As soon as business picks up I'll advertise." Fancy a gardener saying, Til wait 'till harvest time to sow my seed." Go to Miss Belle Johnson for high-grade enlargements. DO YOU WRITE LETTERS You should have the most suitable stationery you can get, whether you are writing for a job, or accepting a proposal of marriage, or simply sending a long gossipy letter to an acquaintance or friend. Our Stationery supply is composed of styles, tints and weights to please a variety of tastes. It makes writing a pleasure and the prices are most moderate considering the high grade stock and experienced workmanship. DEMOCRAT PRINTING COMPANY About Your The Democrat is of the opinion many people find th making of an income tax return a bothersome matter consuming much: time They get grouchy about it The law might be made much clearer. Yet it is hard to draw up in ad vance any statement that will set tle the infinite number of questions that will arise Each case involv ing doubtful points nrust be analyz ed by itself. If one's return is at all complicat ed, and if there is an income tax deputy easily accessible, it is the better policy to "pass the buck" over to him, iell him the facts, and let him make the return. It is believed that many people who should have a taxable income are not reporting it 'Others don't dare ignore the law altogether, but they minimize their gains and ex aggerate their losses, give them selves the benefit of every doubt As a whole tneir rejurn is more or less dishonest. There are many people who would do tne square Farmers' Combinations It does nor . escape attention of the Democrat that farmers are tak ing much more kindly to the idea of combination than they did a few years ago. It was not long in the past that you could with great dif ficulty get farmers into co operative schemes of marketing, etc. They were afraid some one would get too big a salary or prove dishonest or incapable. As an illustration of the greater friendliness of the farmer to co opera tion, a dispatch from Lancaster, Penna, was interesting. It told how the tobacco growers of that county have just held the largest meeting of their history, and have organized a stock company to buy, pack, and sell the tobacco of the county. Twelve hundred growers got together and quickly subscribed $50,000. That could not 'have hap pened ten years ago. The general public looks on such movements with some suspicion. It regards them as probably move ments to get higher prices. ' At this meeting it was noted that all the growers were anxious to learn how they could get higher figures for their product. But that end of the proposition will take care of itself. There will always be competition in raising farm products. No combination of growers can keep prices up artificial ly. The main thing is that the farmers shall get the idea of co oper ating in efforts to do things on large and standardized scales. That must inevitably tend to reduce costs a nd prove of benefit both to pro Income Tax thing in any business transaction with their neighbor, but who do not hesitate to cheat the govern ment. The United States as a whole is generous in its dealings with the people. The government is the expression of those great principles ' of human freedom arid opportunity that make America the best place to live on earth. If you refuse to pay your honest share of the cost of running the government that gives such great blessings, you prove yourself an unworthy citizen end foul your own nest. The man who is yellow in a small way in bis dealings with the government, is likely to find the crooked tendency creeping into his other human relations. Anyone who makes a sincere and fair tax return has the satisfaction- of feel ing that he has contributed bis due share to the maintenance of the great American principles, and that he is doing his part to support the superb institutions for which Amer ica stands. ducers and comsumers. Even if these tobacco growers do . get bigger prices for their product, it is doubtful if it comes out of the consumer. Their selling associa tion will tend to sell direct to agencies close to retail distribution, which should cut out muc of the costs of the n.iddlemen. Undoubtedly mauy mowing ma chines,' corn planter?, binder?, plow3, and other farm machinery, have been or are about to be scrapped, though still capable of doing several years of useful work if only a small percentage of their original cost were expended for repairs. The proper time for overhauling these machines is during the winter, be fore the rush of spring work. Will you repair and save, or will y ou wait and waste? On every prosperous looking farm is a silo. Does a silo just make a farm look prosperous? Is the silo possible because of the farm's prosperity, or does me silo aid iu bringing about prosperity? Certain ly those weather beaten shocks of fodder grown last year, which ap pear musty and badly damaged, would have made a great deaj more feed if they had been put in a silo. Don't get down hearted because you happen to make a mistake. Every time a smart man makes a mistake he learcs something. Aladdin and The Wonderful Lamp Jane and Catherine Lee, the Fox Kiddins; Gem Saturday March 8, 15 and 23 cents.