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Monroe City Democrat. (Monroe City, Mo.) 1888-1919, March 07, 1919, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90061309/1919-03-07/ed-1/seq-3/

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Buying High,
By H. J.
la every community there are a
few farmers who have carefully
worked out a system of crop and
live stock production, and - who
stick to this system in the main
through drought and flood, high and
low prices, and tfood and evil re
port, In the same community there
are other farmers who have no fix
ed system of cropping, breeding and
feeding, but who attempt to fit their,
operations to the fluctuations in the
market from year to year. They
emphasize corn one year, wheat an
other and perhaps following a short
crop and exceptionally high prices
go heavily into potatoes. If nay is
profitable and corn and wheat have
been giving small returns they seed
much of their land to grass, lay
aside the costly equipment of tools
and machinery required in produc
ing grain and equip themselves with
all the latest haying toola Usually
by the time they are producing hay
on a commercial scale the market
demand has shifted and some other
adjustment is necessary. .
In live stock when hogs are low
they .sell their brood 6OW9 at a sac
rifice nnd possibly stock up on ewes
at a high price because sheep made
money last year. Those who are
producing beef cattle, on learning
that dairy products are scarce and
high priced, disperse their beef herds
and buy dairy cows. The skill ac
quired in raising bogs is only partly
useful in raising sheep. Some may
have become excellent judges of
beef animal, but this knowledge is
of little value when they come to
buy aud develop a dairy herd.
This class of farmers is constant
ly embarking in new enterprises
requiring new and expensive equip
ment, and Dew knowledge and skill.
This, of course, presents an extreme
view. No one farmer ever made all
these changes, because he would be
sold out by the sheriff long before
he got around ,
The Business Outlook.
Ever since peace was foreshad
owed last fall, financial and busi
ness authorities have been trying
to forecast the business future.
They have issued the most diverse
and contradictory prophecies. One
man sees a bright future immedi
ately ahead. Another issues dark
predictions of disaster. ' Which is
the common sense view, and upon
what foundations may the business
man. the farmer, and the worker,
plan out their activities and under
takings? Careful thinkers and students of
economic conditions looli back to
the past when they wish to esti
mate the trend of future events
History repeats itself. Most of the
experts who have deliberated over
this question give much thought
and weight to the course of busi
ness in the country during the
years immediately following the
mil Wop
So they are recalling the fact
that for half a dozen y, ears follow
ing the Civil War, there was a peri
od of apparent prosperity. The cur
rency was inflated, money was
abundant, people spent freely. This
gave business men the courage to
go ahead- and produce goods in
' lnrdA vnliimf
This seeming prosperity was all
the more remarkable, when you
consider the condition of prostra
tion that seemed to exist, when the
war closed. The wealth of the
great Southern section, nearly half
of the country at that time, was
practically wiped out. ' Both North,
and South were undeveloped, there
,was hardly any banking or railroad
system, there was no surplus of in
-Selling Low
At ' this moment nearly every
farmer ' in the country faces the
problem of changing from war time
farming to that system which will
best fit the needs of the world in
times of peace. But in the long
run most radical changes follow a
lean year in the production of some
staple like corn, wheat, hay or po
tatoes or following a period high or
low prices.
Those who seek to readjust their
plans too often fail to realize the
fundamental fact that a lean year,
with its accompanying high prices,
tends to stimulate over production
in that line the next year, because
the acreage is likely to be increased
and the land was partly rested the
year. before. Also that a large har
vest and its consequent low prices
tend to discourage production be
cause the acreage is apt to be re
duced and the soil was heavily tax
ed to bear the large crop the year
before. Nothing is more fully dem
onstrated in human experience than
that if farmers lose money on hogs
this fall and winter there is apt to
be a light pig crop, next spring. If
steers or lambs make money this
year feeders are likely to be very
high next year.
. I am not urging the adoption of
any bard and fast system of crop
ping and live stock management,
that would mean theend of all farm
progress. But before making a rad
ical change front the line in which
one has had the most extensive ex
perience, and tne greatest success,
all factors involved shall be most
carefully considered.
A successful farmer once said to
me: "'The fellows who change from
one thing to another every few
years are our best friends, because
they make trading good for the rest
of us." Continually selling out one
line at a low price and buying in
another at a high price, as a losing
game, was never improved upon.
vestment capital.
The whole country was burdened
with a great debt and war, taxes.
Yet in spite of all these apparently
crushing handicaps, business jump
ed into a state of activity, and held
it for six ears. It is not surprising
that many people believe that
repetition of the same buoyant
conditions is to be manifested in
this country during the next few
years. .
' Sparks of Wit
A neighboring exchange says that
one of its citizens had recovered
from the "flue" The chimney must
have fallen op him.
Pittsburg paper contains an ad
vertisement: "One large furnished
room for gentleman with kitchen
ette." We know a gentleman with
a bay window. Will he do?
A crank, armed with a revolver,
entered the private office of Gov.
Philip of Wisconsin and demanded
$20,000,000. He must have, thought
he was in a printing office.
A ' Georgia street girl who has
been using glycerine for chapped
lips says that it doesn't do a bit of
good. The chaps simply remove
the glycerine and proceeds as be
fore. A female correspondent of the
Republic asks the medical editor
how to reduce the bust- Don't
know about the women folks but
prohibition is going to reduce many
a male bust after July 1.
. It 'is the unexpected that hap
pens, especially to the fellow who is
dead sure be can never be wrong. !
America is the best and most ad
vertieed natioQ lo the world-'
Getting the Boys Home
. According to the recent statement
of Gen. March, chief of the U S.
Army staff, the rate of demobilize
tion soldiers now in this country
has been 120,000 a week It is ex
pected that the demolilization of
practically all the force in this
country will be completed by
April 1
Reports from cantonments - indi
cates that the life and spirit of the
army has pretty well oozed out
The boys were full of energy and
ambition when there was a great
patriotic task to be achieved But
now that the task is accomplished,
the boys long only to get home and
resume their ordinary occupations.
Demobilization has probably
been delayed so as not to throw the
men on their own resources too
suddenly. But the preference of
the men would have been to go
home at once. They would gladly
take their chances on getting some
thing to do. And they can't make
progress toward securing jobs while
tied up in cantonments a long dis
tance from home.
ine Democrat minus mat in so
far as the delay is due to army red
tape, the methods of demobiliza
tion should be speeded up.
If the United States Steel Corpo
ration found a great force of em
ployees suddenly out of a job, if it
bad no further use for them, and if
the men themselves wished to be
released, the company would find
some method for letting them go in
a shorter time than 20 weeks. .The
methods of the army should be
modeled on the swift efficieni y of
business system. The time of the
men at the camps is not being use
fully employed now The same
thing applies even more forcibly to
the soldiers in Fracce, except the
fraction the army needed for the
present in Germany.
Ride across your state on a train.
watch the farms go by, and notice
how well painted buildings make a
farm look "rich." Weather beaten
bar 08, granaries and outbuildings
may be strong and substantial, and
good for many years of service, but
to the casual observer they look old
Oa the other hand, well painted
tarm ouuaings lena an air ot pros
perity and make a, farm look up on
the landscape.
The bleak, wind blown buildings.
weather beaten and lonely, that
cross the vision as one rides a train
across Missouri, are the rural school
houses Inartistic structures, want
ing paint, wanting the protecting
shade of a few trees, they hardly
look like the proper place to house,
for several hours each day of the
school term, such boys and girls as
are being grown on Missouri farms
oome advertisers say. As soon
as business picks up I'll advertise."
Fancy a gardener saying, Til wait
'till harvest time to sow my seed."
Go to Miss Belle Johnson for
high-grade enlargements.
You should have the most suitable stationery you can
get, whether you are writing for a job, or accepting a
proposal of marriage, or simply sending a long gossipy
letter to an acquaintance or friend.
Our Stationery
supply is composed of styles, tints and weights to
please a variety of tastes. It makes writing a pleasure
and the prices are most moderate considering the high
grade stock and experienced workmanship.
About Your
The Democrat is of the opinion
many people find th making of an
income tax return a bothersome
matter consuming much: time
They get grouchy about it The
law might be made much clearer.
Yet it is hard to draw up in ad
vance any statement that will set
tle the infinite number of questions
that will arise Each case involv
ing doubtful points nrust be analyz
ed by itself.
If one's return is at all complicat
ed, and if there is an income tax
deputy easily accessible, it is the
better policy to "pass the buck"
over to him, iell him the facts, and
let him make the return.
It is believed that many people
who should have a taxable income
are not reporting it 'Others don't
dare ignore the law altogether, but
they minimize their gains and ex
aggerate their losses, give them
selves the benefit of every doubt
As a whole tneir rejurn is more or
less dishonest. There are many
people who would do tne square
Farmers' Combinations
It does nor . escape attention of
the Democrat that farmers are tak
ing much more kindly to the idea
of combination than they did a few
years ago. It was not long in the
past that you could with great dif
ficulty get farmers into co operative
schemes of marketing, etc. They
were afraid some one would get too
big a salary or prove dishonest or
As an illustration of the greater
friendliness of the farmer to co opera
tion, a dispatch from Lancaster,
Penna, was interesting. It told
how the tobacco growers of that
county have just held the largest
meeting of their history, and have
organized a stock company to buy,
pack, and sell the tobacco of the
county. Twelve hundred growers
got together and quickly subscribed
$50,000. That could not 'have hap
pened ten years ago.
The general public looks on such
movements with some suspicion.
It regards them as probably move
ments to get higher prices. ' At this
meeting it was noted that all the
growers were anxious to learn how
they could get higher figures for
their product.
But that end of the proposition
will take care of itself. There will
always be competition in raising
farm products. No combination of
growers can keep prices up artificial
ly. The main thing is that the
farmers shall get the idea of co oper
ating in efforts to do things on large
and standardized scales. That
must inevitably tend to reduce costs
a nd prove of benefit both to pro
Income Tax
thing in any business transaction
with their neighbor, but who do
not hesitate to cheat the govern
The United States as a whole is
generous in its dealings with the
people. The government is the
expression of those great principles '
of human freedom arid opportunity
that make America the best place
to live on earth. If you refuse to
pay your honest share of the cost of
running the government that gives
such great blessings, you prove
yourself an unworthy citizen end
foul your own nest.
The man who is yellow in a
small way in bis dealings with the
government, is likely to find the
crooked tendency creeping into his
other human relations. Anyone
who makes a sincere and fair tax
return has the satisfaction- of feel
ing that he has contributed bis due
share to the maintenance of the
great American principles, and that
he is doing his part to support the
superb institutions for which Amer
ica stands.
ducers and comsumers.
Even if these tobacco growers do .
get bigger prices for their product,
it is doubtful if it comes out of the
consumer. Their selling associa
tion will tend to sell direct to
agencies close to retail distribution,
which should cut out muc of the
costs of the n.iddlemen.
Undoubtedly mauy mowing ma
chines,' corn planter?, binder?, plow3,
and other farm machinery, have
been or are about to be scrapped,
though still capable of doing several
years of useful work if only a small
percentage of their original cost
were expended for repairs. The
proper time for overhauling these
machines is during the winter, be
fore the rush of spring work. Will
you repair and save, or will y ou wait
and waste?
On every prosperous looking farm
is a silo. Does a silo just make a
farm look prosperous? Is the
silo possible because of the farm's
prosperity, or does me silo aid iu
bringing about prosperity? Certain
ly those weather beaten shocks of
fodder grown last year, which ap
pear musty and badly damaged,
would have made a great deaj more
feed if they had been put in a silo.
Don't get down hearted because
you happen to make a mistake.
Every time a smart man makes a
mistake he learcs something.
Aladdin and The Wonderful
Lamp Jane and Catherine Lee,
the Fox Kiddins; Gem Saturday
March 8, 15 and 23 cents.

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