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4WAD-BUILDING ROCK TESTED
Valu f Material Gathered In Many
States Given by Department
(Prepared by the United State Depart
ment of Agriculture
Results of physical tests In 1918 and
1917 of road-building rocks are given
la Bulletin 670, recently Issued by the
Jolted States department of agricul
ture. This bulletin supersedes the de
partment's Bulletin 537 and supple
ments Bulletin 870, which gave the re
sults of the, more common physical
tests of approximately 3,050 road
wilding rocks examined prior to Janu-
' "'j, " 'r""-ii ,n, . H
Repairing Road Cheapest and Beat
Way la to Attend to Holes and Ruts
While They Are Small.
ry 1, 191C. The rock tested came
from most of the states. In a number
jf cases, in addition to other tests, the
crushing strength of the rock also is
Hi von. The bulletin also contains a
complete record of all the crushing
strength tests made by the office prior
to January 1, 1910.
The average crushing strength of
granites and gneisses lies between 20,
COO and 21,000 pounds per square inch,
according to data In the bulletin, and
the average crushing strength of lime
stones and dolomites is between 18,000
ami 19,000 pounds per square inch.
Granites, gneisses, schists, sand
stones and quartzes should not In gen
eral be used in the wearing course of
water-bound macadam roads. It is
stated, and shales and slate should
ever be used In this manner. Cement
ing value tests, therefore, have been
discontinued on these materials.
MOTORCAR IMPROVES ROADS
Farmer In 8ecluded Rural-. District
Keeps Highway In Good Condi
tion Without Effort
A friend who spent the entire sum
sner and some of the fall in a secluded
rural district was telling us the other
flay about how the farmers kept their
roads In good shape In the section in
svhlch he was sojourning, says a writer
In Cleveland Plain Dealer.
. "There aren't any state roads in that
part of the country," he says, "and no
brick or macadam. But the farmers
Aeop the gravel 'and dirt ronds in ex
cellent shape. Whenever my landlord
took a trip to town, or anywhere, he
sed to hitch a rond drag to his motor
car. Then the car would pull the drag
long the mile or two thnt he was in
terested In keeping up. He would
unhitch the drag and leave it by the
wayside. On the way home he would
pick up the drag where he left it and
drag the other side of the road going
Joack. And he'd make a round like
that almost every time he took the
THE SAD PART OF IT.
That man wanted a hundred
thousand dollars for hit little bit of
. jmlitical influence I" exclaimed the
. "Yea," rejoined Senator Sor
ghum, sadly, "and no way on earth
to have him yanked up for profiteer
The soldier boy will soon be com
"I hope you have his old job for
kirn. : .
"I got a better job for him."
AN SWIM WHICH WILL SOLVK
PBRPLBXINQ PROBLEM . OF
THIS RECONSTRUCTION IM.
sM a sew ala
Q f The sayveraaaeat ass teaaeaeS
a eeraoatleaal easspalt te eacemrase
SslMlaaj la steer to pert mar asea to
weeds net a similar mtfimnt to
mm the old stroctaree eaa be beat
Ically repair aaf aaa4e
AaeTwe. it Is teamed that such a
tea at la effect and ia linked directly
with ties Waahlartoa propaganda.
Industry must be turned back from
wwrfca si war to the ways of peace.
KatployaMaut nauat be found, ia the
eaanwfciis, tor those whose occupa
tion has besa Interrupted. There la no
real ssrpiss of tabor Is the United
States. Bather there is a shortage,
watch would be acute if normal condl
dlttoaa were already restored, and on
stop towards restoring them will com
wits resumption of repair work.
Government restrictions, imposed by
the secoaslUos of the war program,
have (or many months past retarded
or altogether prevented construction,
improvement and repairs. These re
strictions are now off, and there is
scarcely a tows, a city, a factory, a
dwelling or a farm that does not reveal
s crying need for prompt attention.
Nothing delays such Instant action ex
cept the feeling that prices are high
for the Urns being and may be lower.
That is sot logical No mutter what
It costs to repair, the cost Is leas than
the cost of neglect No matter what
the cost of paint the wind and the
weather will collect a higher bill la
deterioration snd decay.
Query. What So too think of paint aa
a Investment, aside from the appearance
H lendaT Doea It really PAY to paint a
bouse regularly. Bay, every three or four
Answer. Good paint properly ap
plied when needed Is the main thing in
making a house last long and well. A
house worth $2,500 can be painted at a
cost of about $125. Is 60 years that
house wllf need about 15 paintings,
the total coat of which will be $1,895.
Left without paint such a house would
fall Into complete ruin in SO years. So
taking 80 years aa a basis for our fig
urea wo find that with paint a homo
will last that time In good condition
and will cost Plus patnt, $4,375. With
out paint the bouse would have to bo
rebuilt st the end of 30 years snd
would be ready for another complete
renovation when the sixtieth year ar
rived. Coat without paint $5,000 for
a homo ready to fall to pieces. Does
regular painting pay? As the old
Dutch adage says :
-PAINT PAY FOR ITSELF."
Query. 1 have a quantity of old paint
ea hand. Caa I use It for the Brat coat tat
repalatlns any baxaT
Answer. On no account should old
paint which has become fat be used
for priming either old or new work.
Old paint In that condition is best used
on s fence, brickwork or tlnwork. If
you value your barn sufllclently to
paint it do It the justice of a good Job,
U. 8. Invents Anti-Rust "Dope.1
Incident to the war, the government
has faced the problem that has so long
proved baffling to commercial con
cerns of protecting Iron and steel from
rust. In an attempt to solve this fed
eral specialists have perfected various
forms of protective coatings. In thli
connection it may be pertinent to ask
whether commercial uses will not be
found also for the so-culled "dopes'
which the government has Invented to
be applied to airplane wings and which
are possessed of valuable weather-re
sisting and fireproof qualities.
THE MOST SUBSTANTIAL HKRI
TAGE YOU CAN GIVE YOUR CHIL
DREN IS VICTORY LIBERTY LOAN
YOU CAN HELP GET
SCALPERS OF BONDS
The Federal Trade Commission 4
at Washington is in the midst of
an investigation of bond scalpers'
and stock jobbers' activities. 4
The Treasury Department and
the Capital Issues Committee
have submitted to the commission
a list of alleged swindles in which
persons were traded doubtful
stock and securities for Liberty
Bonds. . f
' From commercial and personal
interests other data is expected
and the commission Is sending
broadcast an Invitation to Indfvld-
uals to send In any complaints on
e sucn transactions.
If any person man or woman
w oners you 'a stock or security
e In "exchange for your Liberty
e Bonas get that person name and '
all the "literature" offered and 4
mall them to the commission.
Just address ltt "Federal Trade
e Commission, Washington, D. 0."
NEEDLE WAS SAVED
New Process Invented to Pre
servt Surface of Monolith
in Central Park.
Rigors of Western Climate Causes
Khedive's Olft to Disintegrate.
Painting Ancient Obellak With
Special Preparation Stay
ed Decay Ruined For
New Yorkers swoks one morning to
find In their breakfast headlines the
news that a aealous park employes had
discovered signs of disintegration on
the surface of the city's most treasured
antique Cleopatra's Needle. Photo
graphs revealed that the menolith was
peeling, large pieces of sandstone hav
ing fallen from the tall shaft carrying
with them part of the prized hiero
London's twin sister of Cleopatra's
Needle was reported as resting com
fortably and enduringly on the banks
of the Thames, and the rival port won
dered whether a preparation would be
found to stay the attacks of their
Such a preparation was soon forth
coming. A' new paint combination as
a preservative for stone was invepted
KNEW THE TIME WOULD COME
I hi V
The Obelisk waa presented te the City
of New YoPk by the Khedive of Egypt.
mander Gorringe, U.
ma Dossesaion oi u t . '
ana movca h to u.
Dresent position, at
an expenee ( naarly B
1AA AAA T wa ft. V.
n.ltv .vim Intn nn.
itlon at noon. Janu- ki
The helrht of thte i ,
monument, irom Daai
Inchea. The meaa- S
urement of the baae. I -
square tnrougn nsy-
azis, ia ( leei, a-14 sl
Inches. The entire
welsht of the mono-
utn is lone.
Since It was quar-
rled near the torrid
sens, it has traversed
ine enure itniin or
Esypt. most of that
of the Mediterra
nean Sea and the
widtn of toe Allan- l l
tie Ocean a die- 1 f
uno ox s.tuv miles
prevlns Itself a nrst
rate traveler for one
whose ase tias ex- -
e e e d e d thlrty-flve
eenturlee. In the re
course of Its exist- ,
ence it naa seen t .
Pharaoh and his hoat fe
..In. 1 1, . I . fc
structlon In the Red
Sea; Shlshak march
Ins te the Conqueet
of Jerusalem ; Cam
bysea desolating the
Plato and other Greek
studente engaK.d In
fmreuit of Egyptian
ore; Alexander the
Great on his vlctorl
through the land of
Goshen; six and a
half eenturles of
and rhrlnllnn .triiv. F
ale at Alexandria: all P
the long line of Mos
lem rulers since
Caliph Omar; and
now, leaving alio-
f ether Its native land,
t stands looking up
on the million dwell
ers In this metropolis,
whose site was un
known to the Kastern
world at a time when
the ObellHk had been
In existence for two
by Dr. William Kuckro, chemist of the
Metropolitan Museum of Art. Many
years previous coating with paraffin
had been tried, hut the application bad
not entirely accomplished its purpose.
The new painting process, however,
proved, a success. Disintegration was
baited and the damaged parts restor
ed. New York breathed easily again.
CULVERT GUARDS ARE URGED
Particularly Serviceable at Night In
Preventing Accidents Railings
Painted White. .
Because unguarded culverts on coun
try highways are frequently the cause
of serious automobile accidents, par
ticularly at night special pains 19 now
being taken in many parts of the coun
try to place railings at the ends of
such structures, together with suitable
guards either side of the approaches.
Aa excellent example of such an lm
provement is found in the substantial
concrete guards on a highway la Mlchl
Kan. The (short lengths of fence are of
wood and are painted white to match
the concrete and to add to their con-
iplcuousness, particularly at night
Value of Good Roads.
The value of good roads is now rec
ognized everywhere, but few know
how easily and how cheaply they may
American Confident at Beginning of
War That His Countrymen Would
See the Light
Judge John D. Lawson, formerly
dean of the law school in the Uni
versity of Missouri, went to France
earlj in July, 1914, to attend cer
tain important international meet
ing!, but before the meetings were
held the Germans invaded France.
The judge had decided to remain in
France until September, and carried
out that plan, notwithstanding the
invasion. He left France September
1 when the Germans were well on
their way to Paris. In the Evening
Missourian he tells how just before
he departed he entered a tobacco
store, bought two cigars, and ad
dressed a group of men in the store
"Gentlemen, I am an American
Who has lived with you here for a
month, but I am going back home
tomofrow to tell my countrymen
what a great cause you are defend
ing. Do not lose hope; sooner or
later you will see our soldiers over
here fighting side by side with you.
I am going to keep these cigars, and
over in America will smoke them
with a friend when the damnable
Germans are driven from your coun
The judge and Professor Manly
smoked the cigars Thanksgiving
day. St. Louis Republic.
LEFT THE OFFICER GASPING
Authoritative Lieutenant Nonplused
When He Learned the Identity of
Courtesy is almost unvarying in
the A. E. F. in the offices of It. T.
O.'s, A. P. M-'s, everywhere, in fact,
where soldiers are serving their fel
low soldiers. The Golden Rule seems
to be observed as if it were a general
Sometimes, however, when a sol
dier sees another soldier reveling in
brief authority and misusing it he
wishes there might fall to this man
what they say came to a lieutenant
in a certain A. E. F. rest area.
The story is that this lieutenant
was bossing a detail when a mild
looking gentleman in a derby hat
walked around a corner and inquired
"Lieutenant, what part do yon
happen to be playing in the war?"
"I am the supply officer of the
TJmptieth battalion I" retorted the
officer, with combative dignity, as if
scenting a chance to bawl somebody
out. "And who is it wants to know V
"I am the secretary of war," said
the man in civilian clothes. Stars
and Stripes, France.
INSIGNIA FOR FLYERS.
Instructors of flyers in the air
service of the army have been au
thorized by the war department to
wear on. the left arm a sleeve deco
ration consisting of gilt wings the
same size as those in the insignia on
the collar decoration. This award,
it was announced recently, "is made
in appreciation of the services of the
several hundred fine flyers who have
been kept at home for use on the fly
ing fields, of this country in turning
out the quota of pilots asked for by
"Tour boy Josh will be permitted
to wear his soldier clothes for sev
"Yes," answered Farmer Corntos
sel, with a trace of discontent in his
tone; "an' then mother1!! make 'em
over an' expect me to wear 'em for
"There is no use in enforcing the
laws too 6tnctly.
"That's so. Where would this
country have been if they had ar
rested Paul Revere for exceeding the
speed umitr" -
"Widows seem to bick their sen.
ond mates with better result than
"Of course. With their first
choice, they are miss-mated.'
Game Is Not Over
Pessimistic talk about the floating
of the Victory Liberty Loan? Hasn't
the world always had Its pessimists T
In the hour of supreme crisis, when
the final stroke for victory is to bo
made, is the time the slacker and
pessimist gives up the "game."
A baseball enthusiast was ap
proached by one of the world's af
flicted a doubting Thomas who
could not possibly see Amorlca going
into her pockets and "putting up" for
a few billions for another loan.
"It cannot be done." he dolefully
"It can be done," the other man
snapped, his eyes speaking for him
the language of the true sporting
spirit that may die, but is game to
the last ditch.
"You haven't said a word about Vic
tory Loan, but you have been talkingr
about a defeated loan. Do you know
how Billy Sunday would answer your
argument! And you bet your sweet
life Billy is right there with good old
American punch too. Hers Is what ho
says about it:
" Why, you little simp of perdition,.
you are quitting the game with two ont
and two strikes on and the "batter
up." Put over that last ball and put
him out! Give the "Hun'' that last
wallop that gets "the count"!'"
Is Billy right? All the world mar
not always agree with Billy at all
tiTios, but ell the good old United
States knows that he talks good sound
horse sense when he puts the baseball
punch into the "game" we are playing.
The boys played a life and death
game on the other side. Are we going
to quit the game over here at this
WATCH BOND BROKER THS
Spending Money to Get U. 8. Securi
ties and There's a Reason.
There is a lot of money being spent-
every day in advertising with the ob
ject of separating plain Mr. American1
from his Liberty Bonds either by of
fers to buy them outright or trading:
In wildcat stock ton them. Many plain -Mr.
Americans are rushing in where,
wise men fear to tread and are "fall--lng"
for the advertisements without
thought of why the other fellow wants
Advertising, especially the kind
Liberty Bond brokers are using, costs,
a lot of money. Where does the buyer .
get off? . Well, be sure he is getting:.
off else he wouldn't advertise. Ho
Isn't in business for his health. He Is
after the money. It's a cinch you are
helping him to a big rake-off when you .
trade or sell your Liberty Bonds.
That's sense, isn't it?
If a Liberty Bond is worth, say,.
$95 to the broker after he has paid -for
all of his expensive advertising.
It certainly is worth par or more than ,
par to the holder. For on top of his
advertising expenses the broker main
tains costly offices and much help..
That's sense, Isn't it?
The reason the broker wants the -bonds
is that he or his clients want
to hold them. It's the broker's busi
ness to know bond values. He knows
that these Liberty Bonds are going to
be valuable things that they are go-T
lng 'way above par within a year or
Hold them yourself.
NOTED WOMEN IN WORK
Mrs. Vincent Astor snd Mrs. Theodore
Roosevelt, Jr., Enlist In East
Mrs. Vincent Astor and Mrs. Theo
dore Roosevelt, Jr., will be two of the
principal workers of the Division of
Women Speakers during the Victory
Liberty Loan campaign. Other speak
ers in the East will be Mrs. Douglas
Robinson, sister of the late Colonel
Roosevelt, Miss Ruth Morgan, Mrs.
Nina Larrs Duryea, Miss Elizabeth.
Marbury and Miss Elsie DeWolfe.
Mrs. Astor was In charge of ths T.
M. C. A. Naval Canteen at Brest tor
many months. She took up this work
when her husband, an officer in ths
TJ. S. Navy, went on patrol duty In
search of submarines. Mrs. Roosevelt
is the wife of Lieutenant-Colonel
Roosevelt, who only recently returned
from Francs. She was In Paris last
summer when the Oermans launched
their great offensive. Her husband
was wounded while leading his bat
talion in the successful efforts of
American troops to stem the Hun tide.
Miss Morgan was also In Paris last
summer, where she was an official of
ths American Red Cross, In charge of
important relief work.
Many other women intend to lay
aside social and business responsi
bilities tor patriotic service as speak
ers during ths Victory Loan drive.
Ths real patriot will not quit with,
the goal in sighC Ths victory Is won,
but the war will not be over until
the last American soldier who did his
duty over there is safely returned to
bis home. We danced when Germany
was licked, and now ws must pay ths