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Monroe City Democrat. (Monroe City, Mo.) 1888-1919, August 29, 1919, Image 2

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Missouri; Columbia, MO

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90061309/1919-08-29/ed-1/seq-2/

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Not only patriotism but self preservation as well,
demand our active interest and participation in the
present day re-adjustment effort.
There is only one way out for us-i-the better busi
ness route.
We are here to help keep business on as normal a
basis as possible.
To this end we stand ready to help you in any
legitimate undertaking.
Labor Troubles
Since the armistic the country
has had more labor- troubles than
ever before The community de
mantis that these he settled by or
nitration The result of these ar
titration, however, is often not
satisfactory. If each party chooses
au arbitrator and the two select a
third, the entire responsibility is
placed on one man. Too many
mistakes are made. The collective
wisdom of a greater body of men is
needed, more representative of thi
whole community.
The first sympathy of the com
munity is apt to go to the workers,
as the under dog. and as people
struggling under the heaviest bur
dens and the closest margin of sub
sistence The utmost care should
be given that they get absolute
justice, and that they are fairly
paid for they produce.
But where large bodies of worker's
absolutely controlling the produc
tion or distribution of some neces
sity of life, are organized into
monopolistic unions, they may
cease to become the under dog.
They may exercise a tyrannical and
brutal power. Tbey may gain higher
wages than other workers entitled
to tqual pay, who are compelled
thui to contribute to the pay of
this favored class.
If the railroad workers : for in
stance, attempt to tie up transporta
tion and stop all business and move
ment of the necessaries of life, the
community should not allow itself
to be . bluffed. . It must see to it
that .the transportation of the coun
try is . maintained. If the present
body of railroad workers will not
submit to fair arbitrations, and give
a reasonable time for settlement of
these disputes, it is time to find
ome other group of men who will
It is a time to keep calm and ap
peal to people's reason rather than
their . passion. : The mass of the
working people can be appealed to
in that,, way- The extremists pu
bothj sjdes .(SUould retire (and let
tolerant people settle these difficul
ty8, ..j.xii'nm :. 'i '
There have' benf a number of in
vestors' ' and' ' farmers from ' other
states' h'ere'tiuring this week looking
after 'lafi'd' deals and as' a 'cons
. JC . . a. rC ',Ka.v ...ill KiA
(jUCUCe a uuiiiuci ui inciii unique
.made soon. Tuis part of the state
never saw as many people Who were
anxious to get farms In this' cduntry
as now1 People from other states
are just beginning to Tenlize tbtft
tbey 1 can raise' mora ' in Missouri
for the moaey invested th9 'in'
the other 6tates.
mm
Food Prices Increase
Since 1913 the cost of food has
advanced 83 per cent, records in
the bureau of labor statistics re
veal. During that period articles
which have advanced more than
100 per cent are:
Sugar. 100 per cent
Pork chops and hams 103 per
cent.
Bacon. 107 per cent.
Corn meal, 125 per cent.
Flour, 127 per cent.
Lard, 154 per cent.
During the past the average in
crease has been 14 per cent.
Onions. 123 per cent.
Prunes, 53 per cent.
Coffee, 41 per cent.
Potatoes, 31 per cent.
Cheese. 28 per cent.
Eggs, 28 per cent.
Butter, 24 per cent.
Lard, 23 per cent.
Sugar, 16 per cent.
Milk, 15 per cent.
Flour, 12 per cent.
Since December 1915. there has
been an increase of from 120 to 125
per cent in the cose of wearing ap
parel, 45 per cent in fuel and lights,
125 per cent in furniture and furn
ishings, and 65 per cent in miscel
laneous articles.
Labor Day
A parade held in New York in
188 by the Knights of Labor was
the first step toward the establish
ment of a legal holiday later to be
known as Labor Day. Following a
resolution passed in 1884 by the
same organization to holdiall celebra
tious on that day, working men all
over the United Spates began to de
mand that it be made a legal holi
day, Colorado, passed, the first law to
thnt.effeoUn, 'I887. sod her example
was cjosejy followed by New York,
New Jersey and Massachusetts, At
present the first Monday in. Sep
tember, "which this year falls' on the
first day of the month, is celebrated
in all the states,'-1 the' District ' of
Columbia. Porto Ricni,' Hawaii, and
Alaska as a; legal '-holiday. ' It ' is
usoally marked by parades and la
bor meetings and demonstrations.
. . -p- . , tv
.) llXwOl SpOtSu ., !J. M.!
No one in ,the country towns has
to lie awake fearing lest' a railroad
strike tie up the food supply.'- rm
The city boarders are warned not
to wander out into the fields too far.
as the hydraulic ram, might get
after them. ,' .
' Toe people who were too busy to
mow their weeds before thev went
td seed this tairwill1 be the ''same
does who' will have' td bow all next
summer to keep their places1 look
ing decent.
Mexican Situation
It is now more than five years
since the President of the United
States found it necessary to send a
ship load of troops to Vera Cruz to
impress the Mexican ' government
that the people of this nation resent
ed the manner in which Mexican
soldiers and others in that country
were trifling with the lives, property
and dignity of citizens of the United
States. Perhaps that incident did
impress that government to some
extent. The social, political and
military condition of Mexico has
improved somewhat, but that there
still remains large room for improve
ment, is evident to all who have
followed the events in connection
with the history of that country.
American experts who have made
a survey of the resources of Mexico
agree that in point of natural re
sourcesin gold, silver, iron, zinc,
lumber, fruit, soil, vegetation, cli
mate, etc she is as rich as Ioca,
which means that bad the colonists
of thirty Europeans landed at Vera
Cruz instead of where they did,
Mexican history would have read
like a veritable fairy tale; that in
stead of plunder, kidnapping, mur
der and revolution in government
being the chief diversion, industry.
commerce, art, education and re
ligion would have characterized the
Mexican people ar.d the center of
modern civilization doubtlessly
would now have been firmly es
tablished in the land of the Aztecs.
As it is. however, the Mexican
situation furnishes a problem to
herself and to the United States,
socially, politically and economical
ly, far more complex than perhaps
has been presented before the peace
conference by any of the bleeding
peoples of Europe. She has- enjoy
ed the privilege of selfdetermina-
tion, but seems to have sorely a
bused that franchise. If she has
ideals of government she has been
slow to manifest them. If she has
expressed them it has been through
the trumpets of revolutionists.
No one knows whether she is the
sinner or the victim of sin. She
has been slow to express regret
when her unruly element snuffs out
the lives of American citizens and
still slower to make competent
amends while never to the present
hour has she reached a point where
anything resembling a guarantee of
safety has been seriously under
taken by the government known as
the Carranza regime.
In some things Mexico reminds
one of Germany three years ago,
when her war leaders thought they
had performed their duty if they
posted notices here and there warn
ing American citizens to keep out
of the water because it was not fine
and the kaiser's submarines were
apt to kill anyone who happened to
get near enough to get struck by a
torpedo. Mexico seems to feel that
she has discharged her sacred obliga
tion to humanity and the United
States when she tells our state de
partment that murderous bandits
inhabit many sections of her terri
tory and that Americans will do
well to look a little out down there;
and despite the curt note from the
state department demanding that
Carranza - guarantee to safeguard
the lives and property of American
citizens in Mexico, no assurance of
such guarantee has been forthcom
ing, but instead 'her.-brigands kid
nap and hold for'ranso'ni two Amer
ican army officers Will there not
come the time when patience will
cease to be a yirtueyrriMoberly MonU
tor.
t 1!
, Having gone thus far in tinker
ing with the cost pf. living,, the au
thorities may "proceed with, confl
deuce. They haven't raised the
cost of living this' week much more
than it would have risen anyway
-
In other words, the rail way em
ployees wish things to go on main
ly as they are going "now!',witl the
gross receipts divided among the
1 wage earners and the public paying
the deficits.
It't the Firemen Now
It is getting so that the week is ;
tame unless some branch of a rail
road union steps forward andde-i
mands increase in pa, shorter
hours and a lot of other things !
Now it is the firemen They want '
$6.50 per day in passenger service, j
$720 in freight, extra time for more i
than 100 miles of run, and the
overtime computed on a basis that
means time and a half or more.
They also want mechanical stokers
where the locomotives are big. and
they want to be relieved of the
duty of cleaning engines. Inciden-1
..-ii . 1 . . ,
cany incy want passes on tne
railroads, of course.
There is one thing cheering about
this demand. Usually labor unions
are against the introduction or the
extension of any character of labor
saving device. The mechanical
stoker is a pronounced labor saver.
The chief job of a fireman where
one is used, is to trim the fire. If
the mechanism works properly the
fireman has less to do on a trip than
a chauffeur has in handling an au
tomobile. The "stoker" pulverizes
the coal, sprays it about the firebox
and if the drafts are all right there1
should be no trouble. Usually there
is none.
The task of the fireman has been
made comparatively easy by the
mechanical stoker. That is good.
But it is not good that the 'fireman
should put himself on a financial
pedestal because his work is made
easy, lhe ukase that the fireman
shall not take any part in chaning
a locomotive is disgusting The un
ions are riding for a fall when they
carry their intolerance to such a
degree.
An employer, whether be be head
of a great railroad or the owner of
a tiny store, engages a worker to
work, to work helpfully and honest
ly. The present purpose of the un
ions seems to be to divide labor
into as many sections as possible
and to have the groups in each sec
tion never do anything outside of
their own narrow specified tasks,
regardless of results.
Today an engineer wants a round
house man to go over the locomo
tive, oil it, clean it. get it in proper
trim and then bring it down the
yard and hitch it to the train. The
engineer considers his work as be
ginning only when the train starts.
When the "run" is finished, or
rather, when the train arrives at
point of destination the engineer
wants a yardman or roundhouse
man to take charge of the locomo
tive. It is not the province, appar
ently, of the engineer to bother him
self further than to bring the train
to the end of the route.
The goal of the "worker" today
seems to be to do the least possible
work and get the largest possible
pay regardless of who is hurt. The
old pride of service i gone. The
spirit of satisfaction in doing a
thing well is no longer manifest.
Such a course does not point to
progress or success.
Capital used to merit its reputa
tion for celfishness and callous dis
regard of right.
But Labor is outdoing it in some
ways.
Agriculture by Films
Within a few years, motion pic
tures will be one of the principal
means for education. Tbey will be
used largely in schools. Already
they are being applied to teach
scientific agriculture.
' ' Farming is ah art in which very
close attention to detail is required
for success. Some of these details
are too minute to be shown "in
films. Yet! the' 'difference between
good ;stock and "scrubs. '' between
fields properly1 treated 'and those
wrongly bandied, could be made
very clear. ,,,Thj Fanners', Club, ,of
the,' futyrj will have jts, , moving
picture " machitie , and iw correct
methods wni be shown at every
cross roads school house.
Some Hen, This
Gus Rhodes a farmer near West
Srilem. Wis., claims to have a ben
that lays from one to six egg daily
and which on one special occasion
laid sixteen eg4 in one day. Not
only does Mr. R'lodes make this ex
traordinary ctairn for his White
Rock hen, but he hacks it up with
the affidavit of J. H. Benson, a La
Crosse poultry fancier who says be
saw the hen lay thirteen of the six
teen eggs in one sitting of four
hours without stopping to eat, drink
or cackle. She is a bit cranky
about where she deposits these
eggs as she is entitled to be when
her wonderful performance is con
sidered, and will lay only in the barn.
We wonder what would happen
if this hen were excluded from the
barn on a day when she wanted to
lay a dozen or more eggs. She
would probably burst, making a .
wonderful omelet with bits of chick
en in it
Also we wonder if Mr. Rhodes
has crossed bis breed of hens with
a codfish, which generally lays a
few million, more or less, eggs in
one season. We have often consid
sidered the possibilities of crossing
the ordinary barn yard variety of
hen with the English sparrow, the
most persistent laying of the bird
family to see what the resulting
fowl would do in the egg-laying
contest.
Preparations are now under way
for the holding of a nation-wide toy
exhibit at the Art Institute in St.
Louis sometime in December, 1919.
The exhibit is to be under the direc
tion and auspices of the Art Alli
ance of America and the Art Insti
tute of Chicago and is designed to
stimulate the manufacturers and de
signers of toys to meet the better
needs and desires of American
children.
' The reconstruction of the canat
extending from Hanchow to Peking
in China, has been placed in the
hands of American engineers. The
waterway is twenty-five hundred
years old, the oldest in the world.
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