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Women Deciding Factor ,
At its recent meeting in Atlantic i !City the Executive Committee of the Democratic National Committee faced squarely the fact that in the .next national election the women's vote of the country will be a decid-; .ing factor. This places a heavy re- ;spoD8ibility on the Woman's Bureau of the Democratic National Com-1 mittee. of which. Mrs. Geortie Bass is chairman. Mrs. Bass believes that the great jnajarity of women voters in the country will vote the Democratic ticket. "I think that the women will fol low the trend toward idealism and that they will vote together on Is -sues that represent the highest con ception of national progress." she said, when interviewed by a New "York newspaper. "The women of (the United States are pacifists and 'believe that war is a senseless and sbrutal way of settling disputes. The women are most interested in the peace of the world and in the guaranteeing of that peace. They followed the President into war on the theory that it was a war to end war. "It is safe to assume that the women in twenty five States will vote next year, whether the federal .suffrage amendment is ratified or not. Providing they act in concert, -they would control 260 electoral votes more than enough to deter mine the result of the election. The number of women participating in the last presidential election was sufficient to account for 90 electoral votes." Mrs. J. W. Redd Mrs. J. W. Redd passed away at Jher home in this city, Thursday night, Oct. 9, 1919. Although Mrs. Redd had been in very poor health for several years an attack of meningitis was the immediate cause of her death. On account of the nature of her illness the remains were not taken to the Baptist church of which she was a member, but services were conducted at the grave in St. Jude's cemetery by the Rev. J. C Cook. Mrs. Redd was the daughter of Mr. and Mrs Montgomery Proctor j and was born and grew up to young womanhood near Edina, Knox County, Mo. She leaves, of her immediate fam ily, her husband, one brother, James W. Proctor, of Palmyra and two sisters, Mrs. Boldridge, of Hannibal -and Mrs. Chas. Libby. of Philadel phia, True love has hard sledding lots of times. The story of how a Cen tralia boy's tete-a tete with a girl in her home at Mexico, Mo , was brok en up in a peculiar manner, has been revealed. The young man and the girl were in the parlor and were talking. The hour was late and happiness was theirs. All at once they beard a thudding noise in a adjoining room. The boy de cided that the father of the girl ob ' . jected to his presence, and probably the old geutleman was loading up the family shotgun for him. The youth resolved to disarm the fren zied parent and then beat it for home. Unseen dangers are the most feared, so the youth cautiously opened the door leading to the room from when the sounds came and beheld the paterfamilias of his girl ' "thumping" out his day's corre spondence on a typewriter of an cient vintage. In New York State a movement is on foot to make'the State federa- - tion of farm bureaus representa tive of the women's interests as well as those of the men. The ' women who now have repre- - sentation in the county organiza tions, which are known as the joint farm and home bureaus, have ask ed that the form of the State federa tion be altered to give them similar ' representation in the larger association. Unsolved Problems j Norway and the United States ! will begin their careers a9 prohibi- tion Governments at about the ' same time, but under very different laws In Norway the prohibition law covers only the stronger drinks, i Wines and beer will be obtainable 'in the usual ways. But in this country prohibition is general ex- cept in its application to home- made wines and to such qualities of stronger liquors as may be have been legally stored. The situation in Norway seems, at least at a dis tance, to be fairly clear The liquor business will survive and the life of the average Norwegian will be little affected. In this country there is a field for wide speculation as to the effect of the exception in favor of homemade wine and cider. Will this excep tion f o stimulate the production of domestic wine as to make its use common? It may. Making wine is little more trouble than canning fruit, and if this should be tha re sult will there nevertheless be an improvement in national habit, such that the extreme prohibitionists will be satisfied with the outcome? Or will drunkenness persist and will the freedom attending the produc tion of light wine resulc in too much freedom in the disposition of it, so that illicit traffic in intoxicants becomes a national evil, calling for another prohibition campaign of another kind? It is easy to ask these question, but heaven only knows the answer. Trust must be placed in the charact er of the people as a whole. They believe in law and believe in abid ing by law even when the law is not their liking. Through them the problems will be hammered out in time, but it t3 safe to say that they were not all settled by the bill which has just passed through Con gress and now awaits the signature of the President St. Louis Repub lic. Planning Earth Roads In view of the present widespread activity in every form of road build ing, and since nearly all public road s are laid out orginally as earth roads, the Bureau of Public Roads of the United States Department of Agri culture emphasizes the bearing that the location and design of dirt roads have on future highway improve ment. In locating and designing public roads the following considera tions should be borne in mind: Sharp curves should be avoided because they are a menace to traf fic. The width should be ample for vehicles to pass each other without leaving the traveled way. a road ever becomes of any considerable importance, its users probably will demand that all the; lowest maximum that would con form to the general topography of the region which the road traverses. Let the road planners remember that aside from the advantages to traffic of a short route, each mile of additional road involves a consider able extra yearly expense for main tenance, and this alone may war rant the extra expense of shorten ing the route when the road is con structed, provided that the decrease in distance does not materially in crease the steepness of the grades. Land lines should be regarded only in so far as this may he done without decreasing the usefulness of the road or increasing its ultimate cost. The pleasing features of the route should not be overlooked. Remem ber that a large part of the travel 1 on most country roads is for plea sure. Avoid the necessity for subse q'uent changes in location. Such changes nearly always work hard ship on some of those who have built homes along the original high way. Wm. Shakespeare He made good at a profession that was thought disreputable. In Shakespeare's time a playwright was considered barely one step a bove an actor. And an actor, by English common law, was a "va grant and vagabond." Reputable folk in William Shake speare's home town of Stratford on Avon doubtless listened with horror to the news that the l:d had gone to London and associated himself with stage people. It was consider ed that he had disgraced his father's name and trade, his father being an illiterate shopkeeper and farmer. But young Shakespeare, accord ing to the story, had the best rea sons for leaving home and going to London. After winning doubtful fame as the victor of a public drink ing bout against the most notorious sot of the county, he had been caught stealing deer from the park of Sir Thomas Lucy, a local magis trate. And, to dodge prison, or the cutting off of his ears (both of these were lawful penalties for deer stealing), he left home in a hurry about one jump ahead of the sheriff. Drifting to London, he did not a vail himself of any of the regular lines of work open to a young and strong couotry boy. Instead, he vis ited a theater. There he became enamored of stage life and he turn ed his back on all other forms of livelihood. He huog around the theater doors, holding the horses of playgoers and doing errands for the actors. Shakespeare picked up a bare liv ing in this way, and he often went hungry. But he felt he was on the way to gratify bis one ambition, namely, to get work connected with the stage. From odd-jobs man be was able at last to win a position in the company as call-boy. Soon he was promoted to playing small parts. He made no particular hit with any of them; but be was learn ing the technique of the stage, and this long apprenticeship was to pro duce immoral results. The pay was ridiculously small. The pros pects for advancement seemed even smaller. Legally he was classed as a vagrant and was suffered to re main at large only because the old laws were lax in enforcement and because powerful noblemen has be gun to grant their support and patronage to theatrical- companies But during his seven years of acting, Shakespeare employed his spare time in scribb'iol away at plays on his own acvjLt, aud final ly he was able to persuade the management to produce the first of these. It was called "Love Labors Lost." It is perhaps Shakespeare's ih. whosB D.ot wa P11tire v original with him. The dIjv was a big success There was a clamor for more plays by the same author, and Shakespeare was ready with other and better plays. He apprentice years had not been spent in vain, and wnen hts chance came he was ready for it. From the beginning bis plays took the theater public by otorm. The bouses where a Shakespeare play was the attraction were crowd ed to the doors, while all other London playhouses were not mak ing money enough to pay for heat and light. Shakespeare had made good. Wealth and honors poured in upon him. His genius lifted the profes sion of play writiog out of disrepute The court welcomed him. Elizabeth, queen of England, granted Shake speare her patronage and approval. His first play is said to have been sold by him for only $30. But the time had come-when he could command his own price. He be came also a stockholder in the theater where his plays were mak-1 ing a fortune for the management. I Before he was 40 he had grown j rich enough to go back to the town j whence ue had fled from justice, ! there to settle down for the rest of his life as the "great man of the ; place. . . I To Avert Coal Strike Immediate steps to avert the! threatened strike of bituminous coal mine workers are to be taken by the Federal Government. After President Wilson's Cabinet had discussed the situation yester day, Secretary Wilson of the Depart ment of Labor announced that he would invite John L Lewis presi dent of the United Mine Workers of America, and John L. Brewster, representing the operators, to con fer with him today. While efforts of the miners and operators to reach au agreement on the demands of the workers have failed, Secretary Wilson if hopeful some amicable' adjustment can be made It is understood he will im press on both Lewis and Brewster the importance of uninterrupted operation of the mines A shutdown of the mines would result in paralysis of the transpor tation system witbio a short time with consequent suffering because of the shutting off of populous cen ters from food supplies. Industry also would be brought to a stand still with public utilities stopped and shipping tied up President Lewis of the Miners' Union, who has been conferring with other union officials, went to Indianapolis yesterday to prepare the call for the strike November 1. Besides the threatened strike of coal miners, the Cabinet discussed the general industrial situation and it was announced that Secretary Baker would make a statement on the subject before the Federation of Women's Clubs in Cleveland. What a newspaper should do with poets is an old problem. The Shel bina Torchlight disposes it with the following gentle explanation: "Sev eral quite creditable contributions of poetry have been seut in recent ly, all of which we have been oblig ed to decline to publish for the sim pie reason that we cannot, without giving offense, print one and leave out another. Besides, should we start in to publish them they would grow too numerous aud we would be embarrassed if obliged to cease giving them space," tlow much better that sounds than a plain statement most homsinade poetry is too crude to print. Mr. Anna Riz.T. who has been making a moutns visit wiih relr- ; lives at thi3 place left for St. Lou s Wednesday whore s!; ; will visit for a few days with her daughter, Miss Sojjhrj aiz jr b i ire rttoniining to i her h )uie h. Muskogee, Oala. Oba imrim Mil It Mut har aaaa & aoouah mo to ray Ik iium I awry month. Loo toy rr noctXOW Eta an laa. You M pcaaU by aaiaa. EGG MAKER H will rrndtttoa yowr hem, baa Ifca kaalthy, ud auka thtm lay. ' So ootltho an wo that WOLF"! GO NAKrRwtUao all wadalm thai wo aav told out dcalat la your tow to humUh yoi oaough tot your Sock aa tfca ioUowii.a gaaiaalaa waica at aa) Waainbrr Loatjr H aa Caal La woCri ratio louse tciLum ami koop yoar ban ho from Uaa Urao aa. Wtot To, Ma imium . o, JNO. 1- MTH i I oory ooLMa. j n WaWaWaapfti jTMNnMMaSBtWoWr)aMVBVMOTWBj State Highway The county court of Ralls County met Monday and Tuesday of this week in this city. The principal item to be considered at this session was the highways that are to be built through this county. The es timates on the roads that are to be built from the Marion County line to the Pike County line and from New London to Perry have all been filed, the plats have been made and approved by the state authorities the court has signed all the agree ments and the projects are well un der way at present. Before another move is made a United States Gov ernment agent must come here and go over the matter thoroughly with the county court and other authori ties At present the county court has done all that it can do until the federal authorities act. After the federal authorities put their o. k. on the matter bids will be advertised for. If the bids are reasonable the work will be contracted for in that way. If the county can show the authorities that the work can be done as well and cheaper than the bids call for, then the county will be awarded the work. Those who subscribed toward these highways are urged to pay what is necessary to begin the work, so that when the federal authorities act there will be no delay in commencing the work. X looks now as though Ralls County is to have some real roads. Let them come. Ralls Co, Record. Distributing Good Sires A system of county farmers' ex changes in live stock, feed, and seed has been developed in Iowa during the past year, forces of the State Agricultural College and of the Unit ed States Department of Agricul ture working in cooperation. One of the principal activities of the ex change is in the distribution of pure-bred live stock. The breeders send a list of the animals they have for sale to the office of the county agricultural agent. He mikes up lists of these animals and distributes them throughout the county, fre quently advertising in the local pa pers. If any animals are not dis posed of in the county, a list of tbem is sent to the extension de partment of the State Agricultural College, where lists are raada up for the entire State and sent to every ciunty and to adjoining States. In this way many farmers who other wise would nor hive the opportuni ty of locating pure-bred sires are able to get exactly what tliey want. Through the exchanges many car loads of pure bred stock have been sold to buyers from other States. Women's Natl. Congress Governor Frederick D. Girdner has appointed the following I idies as state delegates to the Farm Women's N ational Conss to be held at Hagerstown. Maryhnd, Oc tober 28 31. 1919: Mrs. W. H. Thomas. St Joseph; Mrs. W. K. James, St. Jiieph; Mrs. Patti Tribble Chenault, Richmond; Mrs. Paul Culver. Gower; Mrs. '.V. R. Wilkinson, St. Louis; Mrs. W. A. Bright, Columbia; Mrs. E G Ben nett. Carthage; Mrs. W. D. McKee, Polo; Mrs. Samuel M. ordan, Keytesville; Miss Pearle Mitchell, Columbia: Mrs. F. B. Mumtord. Co lumbia; Mrs. William M. Milligan, Richmond; Mrs. Charles D. Bellows. Maryville; Mrs. M3ck V. Thralls, Urich; Mrs. P. P. Lewis, Crescent; Mrs Martin J. Hylaud, St. Louis; Mrs. E. E. Swink, Farruington; Mrs. R A. Young. Altou, R. F. D; Mrs L. Gibson Adams, Hoberg; Mrs. Arthur T. Nelson, Lebanon; Mrs. C S. Nel san. Freeman; Mrs. W L Nelson, Bunceton; Mrs. Harry Sneed, Seda iia; Mrs. James Yoakum, Polo: Miss Addie Root, Columbh; Miss Myra Cleveuger. Excelsior Springs; Miss Mollie Rippy. Laweon; Mrs. C E. Yancey, Liberty. Mrs. Wm Ely returned from St Ltuis Monday evening.