Newspaper Page Text
re X POTOSI JOURNAL. F. M. DEOGEKBOBF, Publisher. POTOSI. MISSOURI The statenenis made that during the last 100 years France has lost 6, 000.000 soldiers in war. The Hack of Japan has a capital of 20,000,000 yeas. The value of the yen is about the same as a silver dollar. A .iri. only 17 years old. who was arrested at Brooklyn recently on the charge of vagrancy, could converse fluently in six languages. Expi.OBKK3 declare that no flowering plant has ever been found within the Antarctic circle. In the Arctic circle 762 different kinds are known. Skii.i.f;i.i.y executed counterfeit 81. 000 bills are said to be in circulation. That's a pity so many people are lug ping around $1,000 bills just now. History!, pilgrimages have been Instituted in the east by school classes who travel, mainly on foot, over the battlefields of the revolution, in their desire to form a better American pat riotism. The capltol at Washington has cost more than 830,000,000. It covers three and a-half acres, the dome Is 307 feet high and 135 in diameter and is exceed ed in size onl.v by St. Peter's in Rome, tit. Paul's in London, the Invalided in I'aris and St. Isaac's In St. Petersburg. Alaska's mail service has heretofore been dependent upon Esquimau dogs. Reindeers, however, are so much bet ter for the purpose that the govern ment has imported several families of Laplanders to teach the natives of Alaska how to train and use this ani mal. ' Abraham LiJtcoi.Ji was the tallest president, being 6 feet, 4 inches in height; Benjamin Harrison was the fchortest; William Henry Harrison was the oldest, being 69 years and 1 month old when inaugurated, ana Grant, who was not quite 47 years old, was the "youngest. JoAo,rix Mili.ek is growing on his California ranch a mile of roses. He believes families live too close togeth er; therefore, in place of building one large house, he has erected four small ones one for his mother, one for his brothers, one for his own use and the : fourth for his guests. In some ;f the German towns when a man is convicted of beating his wife " he is allowed to go back to his work us usual, bnt his wife gets his wages, and he is locked up only on Saturday nights and remains in prison until the following Monday. The punishment usually lasts for ten weeks. Wii,i,iam Mohris, the poet, has made the Interesting discovery that house keeping is one of the mostdiflicult and ; important branches of stmly. "Peo . pie lift their eyebrows," he says, "over women mastering the higher mathe matics; why, it is infinitely more difll cult to learn the details of good house keeping. Anybody can, learn mathe matics, but it takes a lot of skill to manage a house well." A srsrEjjDED city has been discov v! ered off Glacier bay, Alaska, by a party of excursionists. This curious phe nomenon is seen regularly after full moon in June, and at no other time. It is said to be a beautiful mirage of Bome unknown city suspended directly ' over the bay. A photographer has taken pictures of it four times, but no one has been able to identify one of the ghostly buildings outlined. As A pathetic tale an Indian news 'paper writes of the modesty of the Hindu woman. A house near Tikari caught Are. There were eleven women in the building at the time, one of whom, being a newly-married bride, rather than ignore the customs of her country by exposing herself to public gaze, preferred to remain in the burn ing building, and the rest resolved to stay with her. Seven in all lost their lives, including the bride. With the growth of the bicycle craze come curious methods of pro pulsion. In London recently a youth caused a sensation by appearing on gigantic roller skates, each skate hav ing our wheels . as large as dinner plates with pneumatic tires. Speed, ease, and safety are claimed for the clumsy devices. The flying-machine man is also busy abroad these hot sum mer days, and we are promised some thing wonderful in this direction in a few weeks. Acx-owi.G to the Lewiston Journal, a Maine lumberman says that the wild lands of Maine would make thirteen Mates as large as Khodc Island, two as large as New Hampshire and Vermont and one twice as large as Massachusetts. Those lands are located in the following counties: Aroostook, 2,t!tS,013 acres; Franklin, 589,003 acres; Hancock, 302, SWi acres; Oxford, 553,054 acres; Penob scot, 827,004 acres; Piscataquis, 2,000, 444 acres; Somerset, 1, 735,8:53 acres; Washington, UQ4.123 acres. The spruce timber lands of Maine are worth more to-day than the pine lands fifty years ag-o. (Jvkkx Victoria's statue in Madras was recently marked in a w.iy that was supposed to indicate a spirit of re bellion on the part of the Hindoos, but it appears now that the marks are such as they put on the statues of the-r deifies, and that they were made purely in a spirit of worship. The queen, indeed, seems to be highly ven erated in India. Her life has been translated into nearly allot the almost innumerable dialects of India, and in Madras tho natives sometimes burn in cense and break cocoanuts before her statue, as they would at the shrine of a deity. A. M. He Rkxngahtkn, of St. Peters burg, has started out on a long walk. He proposes to tramp from Riga to the Caucasus, whenco he will stroll on to Persia, and cross Siberia to the Chinese frontier. How much of the Celestial empire he hopes to traverse on foot is not known, but, after suspending his t pedal work long enough to cross the Pacific to this country, his route will take him through the United States, Mexico and Central America to lirazil and Argentina. After this a prom enade through Africa to Algiers, and a jaunt across France and Germany will brinfr him lobis starting' point, Epitome of the Week INTERESTING NEWS COMPILATION. , HFTY-TH1RD CONGRESS. Begclar Session. TiEfiDAT, Aug. 14. In the senate a message was received from the house informing the senate that the house had passed bills placing coal, iron ore, barbed wire and sugar on the free list, in which it asked the concur rence of the senate. Bills were passed promoting Commodore Louis C. Sertori, retired, to rear admiral on the retired list, and authorizing soldiers' home managers to extend outdoor relief to veterans. The house was not in ses sion. WEtNKsrAY. A utr. 15. In the sen ate the conference report on the civil service bill was presented ami adopt ed. A letter was read fram Secretary Carlisle in regard to the four pending bills free iron, coal, sugar and barbed wire declaring that if the four bills became laws there would be a deficit at the end of the present fiscal year of about 530,000.000, of which over 829. 000,000 would be caused by the free sugar bill alone. In the house no business of importance was transacted beyond the introduction of a resolu tion by Gen. lilaek in regard to silver coinage, who asked for unanimous con sent for its immediate adoption, but it was referred to the committee. Tiil'BSDAV, An?. 16. In the senate a joint congratulatory resolution from the United States to Hawaii was adopted. Tariff biiJs relating to sugar and other articles in dispute were re ferred to a committee, and Senator Hill's measure providing for the ex clusion and deportation of alien anar chists was passed without division. In the house there was but a bare quorum present. The deficiency appropriation bill was further considered, as also was the silver coinage resolution. Friday, Aug. 17. A motion was made in the senate to appoint Sen ator White to the vacancy on the finance committee caused by the death of Senator Vance. Senator Murphy was also put in nomination, but under the rules the nominations went over. The conference report on the deficiency bill was submitted. I here was hardly a quorum in the house, as members were anxious to get away and were leaving on every train. No business of importance was transacted. Satvuday, Aug. 11. In the senate it was decided that tiiere should le no further legislation over which there is a contest at this session of congress. The resolution to appoint Senator White to the vacancy on the finance committee was adopted. A resolution was adopted to instruct the finance committee to report back an amendment to the free sugar bill pro viding for the McKinley bounty on raw domestic sugars. After the pas sage of the bill for the relief of the Oklahoma settlers, the senate ad journed. The house was in session but a short time, no business of import ance being transacted. FROM WASHINGTON. U.mtko Statks officials have decided to send enough warships to Corea to protect American interests during the Japanese-Chinese war. ItF.oi l.ATloNs of the navy have been changed reversing the policy of per mitting right of asylum for political refugees on American vessels. In the United States there were . 220 business failures in the seven days ended on the 17th, against 251 the week previous and 455 in the corresponding time in lSSUl. At the leading clearing houses the exchanges in the United States during the week ended on the 17th aggregnted $790,083,185. against 8774,45i,!Sf, the previous week. The decrease, com pared with the corresponding week in 1M3. was 8.0. Appropriations made by the Fifty third congress arc 54S,3ll,i0i less than those of its predecessor. Ma.t. Worth, court-martialed for or dering target practice on Sunday, was acquitted and released from custody. THE EAST. Memorial services were held at the old homestead of William Cullcn Hry- ant at Cammington, Mass. Letters were read from a large number of lit erary people. The steamer Campania, of the Cunard line, which arrivoJ at New York from Liverpool, made the passage in 5 days 9 hours and 29 minutes, the fastest time on record. The legislature of New Jersey is to be petitioned to permit the consolida tion of Jersey City, Newark, lloboken, Orange, Patterson and Passaic. In the national league the percent ages of the baseball clubs for the week ended on the 19th were: Baltimore, .049; Boston, .4f; .New York, .COS; Cleveland, 504; Philadelphia, .543; Pittsburgh, .515: Brooklyn, .510; Chi cago, .474; Cincinnati, .453; St. Louis, .414; Louisville, .340; Wash ingtoii, .300 John C. Peck, a member of the Phil adelphia fire department, killed him self rather than bo censured for reck less driving. At Kearney, N. J., Thomas Hewitt stabbed his wife and children and killed himself l3' leaping from a win dow. Wii.mam Vogf.i., of New York, ani mated by jealousy, fatally shot his mistress and then killed himself. Flames broke out on the clipper ship General Knox while she was lying at her dock in New York tnd caused 100,000 damage. United States Senator McPiierson, Of New Jersey, who contemplated re signing because of ill-health, was pre vailed on by friends to change his mind. WEST AND SOUTH. At Seattle, Wash., Mrs. Miller and her lS-months-old babe were murdered by thieves, who afterward fired the home to conceal their crime. Nominations for congress were made as follows on the Kith: Virginia, Sixth district, Hampton Hoge (rep.); Seventh district, R. J. Walker (rep.); Eighth district, E. E. Meredith (dem. ); Tenth district, I). 11. Tucker (dem.). Michigan, Second district, Geor Spaulding (rep. ); Seventh district, N. B. Farnsworth (pop.). Missouri, Tenth district. M. C. Ellison (dem.); Eighth district, W. C. Aldridge (pop.). Flor ida, First district, S. R. Spnrtftnan (dem.). Mississippi, Sixth district. C H. Hawthorn (pop.). Kentucky, Sec ond district, J. D. Clardey (dem.). Ne braska. First district, J. B. Strode (rep.). Pennsylvania, Twenty -eighth district, W. C. Arnold trep.). The Negro National Democratic league in session at Indianapolis issued an address to colored voters, urging them to cut loose from the. re publican party- The Shelby county (Tenn.) grand jury found 538 indictments in 'tvo days against persons charged with selling liquor without licenses. At Riverside, Ky.. during a quarrel between Edwin Lemasters and wife, a son, W. L Lemasters, shot and instant ly killed his father. ForR Detroit school inspectors, charged by Mayor Pingree with hav ing received bribes, were put under bonds of S5.000 each. A. F. W..lker was appointed re ceiver of the Santa Fe road in ' the place of President J. W. Beinhart, who recently resigned. At Denver. Titus broke two world's competitive bicycle records, riding a mile in 2:10 3-5 and five miles in 12:19. After a trip over the entire state a cotton expert estimates that the crop in Texas will be about 2,500,000 bales, or one-half million bales over last year. Dr. J. Seaton, a prominent physi cian and !-peeialist of Indiana, was found dead in bed at his home at Fort Wayne. David Ham. was shot and killed by Tom Denny. 19 years old, at Jonesville, Va. Hall had D;nny indicted for abusing his child and Denny took his revenge in tho murder. The death of Charles Robinson, first elected governor of Kansas, occurred at his home in Leavenworth. At New-burn, Va., W. G. Taylor was hanged for the murder of his wife. Bi'KToN C. Cook, ex-congressman and one of the makers of history in Illinois, died at his home in Kvanston. He twice placed Abraham Lincoln in nom ination for the presidency. JiDf.E Caldwell, of the United States court, has ordered the Santa Fe receivers to pay employes promptly, borrowing money if necessary. At Paria. 111., a double wedding was celebrated in which Edward Munday and Thomas Ellison were married to each other's divorced wife. Lee Walker seized the trailing rope of an ascending balloon at Sherburne, Minn., and was killed by the fall. Lake corxTY (Ind.) populists nomi nated a full ticket, then reconsidered their action, got into a general tight and adjourned. Gold discoveries were reported along the Kio Grande in New Mexico and peo ple from the surrounding states were flocking into the territory. Koi.ii, who was defeated for gov ernor of Alabama, has issued an ad dress intended to incite his followers to rebellion. By the capsizing of a government boat oil the coast of Washington five men were drowned. Gen. Axors, of Baltimore, proposes to secure a Maryland lake and lill it with salt water for scientific cultiva tion of the oyster. At Fort Smith, Ark., four powder houses of the Spcer Hardware com pany, blew up, killing three persons and doing great damage. The athletic club of Sioux City, la., has offered a purse of .$25,000 for a light between Corbett and Jackson. FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE, Wet weather has done great dam age to crops in England. The potato blithe in its most virulent form pre vails in many districts in Ireland. Wellma:;, the arctic exploier, re ports having discovered much new country on his polar expedition, and will aguin go north next yerfr. Fokf.ion advices are to the effect that a great battle was fought be tween Chinese and Japanese troops in Corea, and that thousands were killed on both sides. Tin plate works in South Wales which have been closed for some time were preparing to resume work in view of the passage of the tariff bill in Washington. Venezuela's rebellion has come to an end. Amnesty will be granted to all insurgents. Mexican soldiers surprised the noto rious bandit, Luna, and his wife in the mountains and kijled both of them. By the collision of two trains on tho Hidalgo road near the City of Mexico several persons were killed and and a number badly hurt. By the destruction of the steamer Uspcikh, plying on the Shepna river in Russia, six men were drowned. LATER NEWS. In the senate, on the 20tli, the four house bills to place on the free list sugar, coal, iron ore and barbed wire were reported back by the finance com mittee. The first named was altered so as to provide for an ad valorem duty of 10 per cent, on all sugars and specific duties on molasses. The free iron ore bill was the only one returned in its original shape. All the bills were placed on the calendar In the house the session was short and unimpor tant. Several bills, none of them of considerable interest, were passed. Mr. Tarsney's bill to amend the lead ore item was reported and placed on the calendar. Frank 11. Stanwood, the long-distance bicyclist, who started from Chi cago at 1:15 p. in. on the 11th, arrived at the city hall in New York at 10:03 o'clock on the evening of the 19th, end ing his trip of 1.020 miles in 8 days, 8 hours and 48 minutes, breaking all records lietwcen the two cities, and ar riving in good condition physically. Lightning struck the residence of James Houston at Clayton, Ala., on the 20th, while the family were at breakfast. William, John and Mary, three children, were instantly killed and their mother received a fatal shock. Jim Stack, who was in the yard, was badly stunned, but will re cover. The Chilian government is comply ing with the Washington convention, and has ordered the payment of the sums by it awarded to the Central & South American Telegraph Co., Du bois Burden, Wells, Fargo fc Co. and Read & Shrigley. Rev. Levi H. Gesociiwindt, a Luth eran minister, aged 4S, while eating dinner at. the home of his parents near Hamburg. Pa., on the 20th, was seized , with paralysis of the heart, and, food liecoming lodged in his windpipe, was suffocated. Spain, Italy and Great Britain are sending warships to Mazagan, to which place the sultan of Morocco's troops retreated after having been defeated by the Kabyle rebels. Malagan is now besieged by the Kabyles. Rio Janeiro advices state that by the explosion of a gunpowder wagon in Largo do Sanidad, thirty-two per sons were killed, many more were wounded and several houses were de mol ished. The government receipts from inter nal revenue at its various bonded ware houses, on the 18th, were 53,080,000. On the 2oth the receipts from the same fcources were S3,?71,8'9, MISSOURI STATE NEWS. Jorxis proposes to extend her electric railway line to Galena, Kan., a distance of 8 miles. James McGek, 13 years old, fell from a bridge at Kansas City the other day and was killed. The prohibitionists of the Fourth district have nominated Rev. J. J. Bentley for congress. H. (i. Op.ton. of Princeton, has been nominated by the republicans for con gress from the Third district. Democrats of the Fourth district have nominated William Ellison, of Nodaway county, for congress. W. C. Ai.dkedge, of California, has been nominated for congress by the populists of the Eighth district. K. C. Dickson died at police head quarters in Kansas City the other day from the effects of a dose of morphine. The meeting of the Missouri I)emo cratic Press association at Pertle Springs has been postponed to Septem ber 0 and 7. For three days during the late heated spell the thermometer averaged 100 in the shade at Sedalia. On the 11th it reached 103. While driving along the streets of Sedalia the other day John Hubbard was struck by lightning and probably fatally injured. Accoiiiuno to a late opinion given by Attorney-General Walker, the primary election law is not applicable to any city in the state except St. Louis. Three boys entered the melon patch of Richard Pearson, near Rich Hill, the other night, when Pearson fired at the party with a shotgun and perhaps fa tall v wounded Henrv Diers. IS vears oid." The mayor of Kansas City has an nounced that hereafter he will send back all persons dumped on that city by the authorities of other cities, in stead of forwarding them to their des tination. Oliver Uodsey met his daughter and William Robinson, a married man, in a pasture near Tina about midnight the other night when iiodsey shot Robin son dead. Godsey surrendered to the authorities. Thomas ;. Newman shot and killed himself at Hannibal the other day. He had been agent of an insurance com pany but being short about S175 had been superseded. He was 02 years old and a widower. A CLOTHiNci firm at KansasCity made seventy suits of clothes for the veter ans at the ex-confederate home at-Hig-ginsville. The suits were of the reg ulation gray worn by confederate sol diers during the war. The supreme council of the Knights of Columbia held its first annual con vention at Kansas Citron the 1th, with lelegates present from 130 lodges lo cated in Kansas, Colorado, Nebraska, Missouri, the Dakotas and Oklahoma. The senate has confirmed the nomi nation of Judge I haver, of St. Louis, to fill the office of circuit judge lately created by congress. Judge Priest, of St. Louis, has also been confirmed as Judge Thayer's successor as district judge. In a fight between -three brothers named .uiiriglst anil three Tannic brothers at a revival meeting near Grant's Mills in Scott countv, the other lay, one of the Albrights was killed und one of the Pa rd lies fatally wounded. In making the weekly examination f the county jail at St. Joseph the other dav the officials discovered that i hole had been dug through one of the walls, and that theprisone rs were only waiting for night to make theirescape. There were over forty prisoners in the jail. The fast westbound train on the Rock Island road crashed into the din ing car just before it reached the depot at Trenton the other morning, making sad havoc of the dining car and seri ously injuring five men. It was caused by the yard master forgetting to set the switch. Conductor W. T. Crawford was seriously injured. Rkitislican editors of the state met at Excelsior Springs and organized a Republican Editorial league with the following officers: II. E. Robinson, Maryville Tribune, president; IL F. Lincoln, Chariton County News, secre tary: George N. Stil'le. Unionville Re publican, treasurer, and one vice presi- lent from each congressional district. James Osnonx. the 17-year-old son of i Camden county farmer, was shot and killed the other night near Wet Glaize by unknown parties who lay in am bush and shot him while he was water ing his horses. Last winter Osborn killed another boy in a quarrel and threats were made against him, but further than this there was nothing to indicate who assassinated him. Ji ioK Joseph T. Morton, one of the old settlers of the county and a wealthy citizen, died at Springfield the other dav. 1 ears ago he had his coflin made and stored away in a room in his barn. When the coflin was taken out it proved to be in good condition except that the linings were musty. An undertaker repaired this and Judge Morton was buried in the coflin selected by himself. A party went on a fishing excursion from St. Louis to Carroll's island the other day anil after loading up with whisky, one of the party named George Meiers, invaded the fishing grounds of William and John Connors, accused them of stealing a gun and opened fire with a shotgun, shooting Ixith fatally. John Connors received forty-six wounds. Meiers was arrested and jailed at St. Louis. The populists of Audrain and Mont gomery counties recently had a two days' camp meeting in the eastern part of Audrain. The speaker of the occa sion was Hon. Paul Van Dervoort, ex- commander-in-chief of the G. A. R. and present commander-in-chief of the In dustrial league. A disastroi's collision occurred on the Santa Fe road lietween Hurdland and Gibbs at an early hour the other morning, resulting in the death of Ln Humphrevs and George Coppinger, e.v press messenger, and the injury of many others. The accident was said to have been the result of a violation of orders by the dead engineer. There was a soldiers' reunion at Spiekardsville the other day, during which Philip Wild, a merchant, went out to the grounds and meeting George W. Fisher, one of the Missouri veter ans, requested payment of a small ac count due at the store. Fisher re sponded by drawing a knife and sav agely attacking Wild, stabbing him it was feared fatally. Fisher was ar rested. Joel Thornton, a farmer, was killed in a runaway near West Plains the other dav. His team became scared and ran. throwing Thornton from the wai'on and breakiosr bit neck- DEBS ON THE STAND. The President of the American Railway Union Gives His Views on the Various Matters Pertaining to the Late Disastrous Strike and How to Pre vent Future Trouble. Chicago, Aug. 21. President E. V. Debs, of the American Railway union. occupied the stand for nearly four hours yesterday before the National Labor commission. He advocated a co operative commonwealth, the abolition of the wage system, and the govern ment ownership of railroads. He told his side of the strike as a connected narrative, which was frequently inter rupted by applause from the laboring element present. T. H. Morrissey, first vice-grand master of the Order of Railway Train men, and Grand Chief Clark, of the Or der of Railway Conductors, also testi fied. Mr. Debs said: "I twice went to George M. rullman and to the town of Pullman to thor u ghly investigate the conditions ex isting at the car shops. I found the employes were not only not getting wages enough upon which to live, but were daily getting deeper into the debt of the Pullman company. No matter how offensive the conditions were there the men were obliged to submit to them. When I found out all these things I immediately determined that the American Railway union should go to the assistance of these unfortunate people. We believed that any fair board of arbitration would have decid ed in favor of the employes, and all we asked was arbitration. This the Pull man company refused. Not only this, but when we asked them to examine into the question to see whether or not there was anything to arbitrate they also refused this. "Very much has been said about an alleged conspiracy against the rail roads and against hauling the mails. I want to call the attention of the com mission to the fact that every meeting of the American Railway union was held with open doors, and that repre sentatives of the press were allowed to be present. If there had been any con spiracy contemplated we certainly would have been more secret about it." Mr. Debs then told of the several failures of the American Railway union to secure arbitration from the Pullman company and the subsequent inauguration of the strike. "Not only did the employes of the various railroads strike because of the injustice being done to the Pullman employes, but because the various roads had grievances of their own which I shall proceed in time to show. We used our influence to prevent strikes during the World's fair, as we did not lielieve it just to the public to inaugurate a strike at such a time. It was all that could lie done by the leaders of the labor unions to prevent a strike. . In view of the men's working throughout the fair the railway managers, on many of the roads, promised an increase of wages after the fair was over. Instead of do ing this they began immediately after the fair closed to liegin a systematic reduction of wages throughout the country. No two companies reduced wages at the same time. This, to me, was a very significant action. It showed me that there was a concert of action aiming the various roads, and that they did not wish to arouse the antagonism of too many railway em ployes at the same time."' President Delis said, moreover, no railroad reduced the wages of all its men at the same time, but reduced them by sections. He declared the American Railway union viewed these reductions with the greatest appre hension. The organization felt that the time hud come to act. He con tinued: "When the American Railway union mot in convention in Chicago, on June 21, it was confronted by these condi tions, as well as the state of affairs at Pullman.'' "Was this convention called to con sider the reduction of wages or the Pullman matter?" asked Commissioner Wright. "The convention was called for no specific purpose. It was the regular quadriennial convention, provided for by the constitution." The witness then enumerated the failures of the old labor organizations to gain redress for the grievances of the employes, and asserted t hat they felt their only hope lay in the American Railway union, to which they finally turned for help. When asked what the outcome of the convention which declared the boycott against Pull man cars would have lieen had it not lieen for the grievances of Pullman employes, Mr. Debs said there would have been no strike but for the Pullman trouble, as the American Railway union, owing to the depressed condition of the country, deemed it an inauspicious t ime to strike. "I would like to state" said Mr. Debs, "that the railroad companies have never raised wages of their own accord. Every increase in wages has been wrung from them by organized labor. "I had no voice in ordering this strike." said the witness, "but if I had I would have Ordered it. I have no desire to shirk any responsibility. My reconl will show, also, that I have always counseled against vio lence. The telegram attributed to me which said: Save your money and buy a gun,' though sent over my signature I never saw. It was sent by our stenographer to his superior in Montana and was not intended literal ly. It was merely a playful expression current in Montana. President Debs said if there had been a revolution it would have been di rectly chargeable to the press of Chi cago rather thn to the American Railway union. Editorials had been written all over the country, he assert ed, based on matter sent out by the Associated Press, the editorials in every case attacking the American Railway union on information which was absolutely false. "Do you charge the general man agers with being responsible for the strike?" asked Commissioner right. "Well. I conld hardly go so far as that. I believe, however, they had much to do with keeping it up." "How would yon gain the demands of laborers on quasi public corpora tions?" asked Judge Worthington. "There are two wavs. One is the way adopted by the old brotherhoods. This is getting a schedule of wages gradually from the companies. There has been little good in this mode of procedure. It takes a strike to win sometimes, bnt I do not believe the railroad employes of this country could win a strike to-day if they were all organized in one brotherhood, be cause the courts are against labor. I can show in twenty years of writing that I have always been opposed to strikes, bnt I think there are times when they are justifiable, no matter how much the public is discommoded.' Mr. Debs said ha did not think the general managers were always to blame in reducing' wages, because their orders came from a higher source. He believed the American Railway union could never be crushed and that the spirit of organization among laboring men would always be strong. He pre dicted that more serious troubles would occur than ever before. "Now," continued Mr. Debs, "you have asked me how I would avert rail road strikes. I believe the govern ment ownership of railroads would be far better than the railroad ownership of the government. I do not believe any lasting good can come from arbi tration, and I do not think the govern ment supervision of railroads would answer the purpose. In such a case as that of the Pullman company, I believe compulsory arbitration would be. of benefit. A state court might be of some good in ordinary labor troubles. I would in such a case have a trial of the differences by jury. I am in favor of any system, that will result in mu tual good feeling, and neither strikes or compulsory arbitration can result in anthing but ill-feeling. I am in favor of licensing railroad employes." President Debs was cross-examined by Commissioner Kernan, who sought to bring out the point that a state board af arbitration would lie of ben efit in adjusting labor troubles. Mr. Debs admitted it would lie of tempo rary benefit, but advocated, aliove all things, the government ownership of railroads, notwithstanding Mr. Kernan pointed out that such a state of affairs would probably lie impracticable. "I believe in abolishing the wage system," said the witness. "I believe in a co-operative commonwealth. "In other words, you believe in state socialism," said Chairman Wright. "Well, in the essential points of state socialism. The wage system is nothing more than slavery." Mr. Morrissey, of the Order of Train men, told of the conference of labor leaders at the Briggs house, and he was followed by Grand Chief Clark of the Order of Conductors. He favored licensing railroad employes, while Mr. Morrisse3- opposed the idea. EVIDENCE OF DISASTER. A Yacht Found Keel I'll. Rnt No Trace of Her Crew. New York, Aug. 21. Capt. A. Hemmes, of Clifton, Statcn Island, towed a gib and mainsail boat about 22 feet long into his dock at Clifton Sun day night. It is thought those who sailed in the boat earlier in the day were drowned. The boat was picked up by Capt. Hemmes about a mile southwest of Swinburne island in the lower bay. lhe captain was in his steam launch Surprise. When sighted the yacht was floating keel up. She was towed to Swineburne island, where she was righted and bailed out. She proved to lie the Jessie G. H. Her name was painted on the stern. Her sails were all set and closely trimmed. In the boat were a lady's hat pin and a num ber of bottles of soda water. No trace of the boat's crew could be found. FIVE MEN LOST While Making a Landing a Jo Creek, Wash. Tacoma. Wash., Aug. 21. A special to the Ledger from Ocosta says: On Saturday morning, while making a landing through the surf at Jo Creek, 15 miles north of Gray's Harbor, a whaleboat and crew of nine men in command of Lieut. Freeman H. Crosby, V. S. N., of the United States coast survey steamer McArthur, was cap sized, and five men are missing, namely: Lieut. Crosby. John Freyer. Jens Gudmundsel. William Nehm. Alexander Smith. At present full particulars can not be ascertained, owing to the difficulty of getting news from that locality. MR. GEORGE GOULD Interviewed in Regard to the Vigilant IMsappolnted ICngllshmen. London, Aug. 21. The Morning News publishes an interview with Mr. George Gould, in the course of which he denied the Vigilant would lie with drawn from all her engagements. He added that he was going to France, but that his brother, Howard, would sail the yacht in the meantime. He has not decided whether the Vigilant will race for the Cape May cup. The Sportsman, commenting upon the yacht racing fiasco of Saturday, says that it disappointed hundreds of people who traveled to the Isle of Wight on what turned out to lie a fool's errand. A RANK FARCE. A Mexican Inquiry Into a Murder According , to the Code. City of Mexico, Aug. 21. The official investigation in the recent Verastu-gueal-Komero duel, in which the former was killed, is a farce from beginning to end. Despite the fact that every one knows that Verastugueal was killed by Romero in a duel, the official record reads that the killing was the result of the accidental discharge of Verastugueal's pistol. There were a dozen witnesses to the affair of honor. First Criminal Judge Francisco Ozorno excused himself irom conducting the official investigation into the affair, and the case passed into the hands of the second criminal judge. Slight Iamage by the Fire Aboard the Marlon. Washington, Aug. 21. The report of the board which examined the extent of the fire aboard the Marion, which occurred while that vessel was in the dry dock at the Mare Island navy yard, has beeen received at the navy department. It was found that the damage was confined to the shell room, was probably caused by spon taneous combustion and can bo re paired for S-iOO. Choked to Death at Dinner. Reading, Pa.. Aug. 21. Rev. Levi H. Gesgchwindt, a Lutheran minuter, aged 48. while eating dinner at the home of his parents near Hamburg, was seized with paralysis of the heart, and food becoming choked in his wind nipe he was suffocated. The Wichita iKas.) national bank wiU reopen Santambw L Hew Jolly t v Eh I who said that! The anasver la aa prompt as the question from thedoar chappie who has checkmated the rheumatism with Hostetter's Stomach Bitten, unequalled as well for dyspepsia, liver complaint, inactivi ty of the bowels or kidneys, nervousness, lack of vitality, appetite or sleep. Use the great tonic ana you will be ultimately happy if now afflicted. A Bircwex Commodity. Professor "What kind of a commodity is usually pro duced from the birch tree?" Country Pup! (absent mindedly) "Blisters." Hail's Catarrh Car Is taken internally Pnce 75c. . It is death to a lie to become lame In tho feet llam's Horn. Kv.r.v the pores open is essential to health. Gicnn'sSulphur Soap does this. Hill's Hair and Whisker Dye, 50 cents. Stmpatiit for tho fallen indicates the strength to stand. Weak and Weary Overcome by the heat or extraordinary exertion, the physical system, like a ma chine, needs to be renovated and repaired. The blood needs to be purified and invigor Mood C Saraa ated and the nerves Tures and muscles strength ened by Hood's Sarsa- narilla. which creates an appetite, removes that tired feeling and gives sweet, sound, refreshing sleep. Hood's Pills cure all liver ilia Be. W. L. Douclas Q CUAr STHKSCST. V) VllUL no auKAKino 95. CORDOVAN. FRENCH ENAMELLED CALT rA5.y FINE CALf iWWfiWM 3.i POLICED Soto. EXTRA FINE. " 2A7-?B0YSSCflML$HaEX LAOIES I SEND rOK CATALOG Ue WlDOtMfcLAS. BROCKTON. MASS. Tea can save money ky wearlag lhe V. L. Doaclas 83.00 8h.ee. Beeaase. we are the lanrret msnnfaetanrs of this KHi.leof shorn In the worhl,anii Kuarantee thstr value by stamping the name and pries ea the bottom, which protect you apalnut blch priCM sad the middleman's profits. Our shoes equal custom work In style, easy flttlnsr and waring qualities. WeliavBthum, sold everywhere at lower prices for the mluc riven than any other make. Tnke aosvb Ututc. M your dealer .-anno! supply you, ws caa. Kaphael, Angclo. Itnbem, The "l.lXENK"re the Reot and Mom Rconnai leal Collar and Cuff, wornt thry are made of fine cloth, liuth :ldcs finished nllke. and. helnK reversl. tilt, one collnr Is equal to two of any other kind. Til 1 ftf ir ti.wrartrrtl nntt tnnt; trf'1. A tto of Ten Coll.-irs or Vive I'alrs of Cuffs for Twcnty-Flvs Cent". A Snroile Collar and Pair of Cuffs by mall for Sis Cents. Nnine style and sly.e. Addiess IIKVEUSIBI.K OI. I.Alt COM PANT, 77 Krariklln St.. New Vork. 2T Klluy .t llostna. NEEDLES, eifiiei ef Korall PewlnpMacblnes, STANiAtiln;omaonlv. ! 'l he Tr.dr Staesriled. OnU I I atCOi 1 S.Mid for wl.oiesi.le price nenAIBC ni.riitsrn m r o to., KKrAIITOa IVI.'ilH-ustsLCt.Ixiuls.Mo cnaux this rariannrta.ana. lELY's CREAM BALM CURES f a.' bsSPjer JM el a1 i I t li0rffS.LORU MEANT THE SAME THING. The Iti f onii'.iittnt Quite the Name, Fvrn When (liven in llontonese. The man had jrronned so often and coughed so hard that every one in the car was interested, and one sympa thetic passenger inipilicd: "Hot the rrip'.'" "Xo; bronchitis." "liron which?" "llronchitis." "Oh r There was a spell of silence. The sufferer was from l.oston. That was evident because he emphasized the "j" in bronchitis in a way that left no doubt. No one anionjr the passengers dared to tackle the complaint until a series of deeper groans and coughs aroused them to a sense of their duty. "l"ve had browncrectcrs myself, but I s'posc them is different," said the man with the carpctlag. "lied 'em lad, but 1 took yarb tea for mine and it cured nic all-fired tjuick." "Urongetns ain't a circumstance to rheumatiz." lK'gan another man, but he was interrupted. "Are you talking aliout bronkcetus? If it's anything like what I had when 1 was "' "Try mustard inside," suggested an other. "I've had brnncheatus till you couldn't rest, and it always cured." . ""Tain't our kind of bronchotus the gentleman's got at all, is it, pard?" "No," said the lloston man wearily, as he closed his eyes and wished he waa lead. "There. I told yon so, didn't I? Poor man. There 'ain't no help from bron kvtus on this ycarth," and the symno- ! thetic passenger wound up hm watch to hide his feelings. Detroit Free i'ress. t hance.1 Ills Mind. Indignant Citizen Here, you fellow, what do ytm mean by lieating that horse in that way? I've a notion to have I you run in. I Teamster The j Ix-at. He alway; critter's got to be was balky. That's why they tik him off the track. "Took him off the track? Ity gee, it's old Mndhooks, the very horse that lost me two thousand five hundred dol lars by balking in the middle of a race three years ago. Soak him again, will you?" Indianapolis Journal. "Hark, the herald angels sing," is the only hymn by Charles Wesley that is included in the Kpi.scopal bookrof common prayer. It. with five others, was put in by a printer in who found six pages vacant in his form. and, witbout asking pnyhody's permission, filled 'hem with hymns. Nobody knew how they were introduced, and after the printing was done there was .no authority for their removal. It was once a familiar sight, the man approaching with a hand organ slung upon his back by a broad strap across his shoulder and carrying a stick which might serve as a staff as he walked and which presently he would use to support the hand organ while.he turned the crank, but he is seldom seen tow; the prevailing hand organ in the big piano orga n on wheels. Mr. limsh "Have yon enjoyed 4 be art exhibition. Miss Giddy?" .Vi Giddy "Well. I should say not Half the bonnets the visitors wore were bust ewroa 0BeA,"-"ltuer-Oeea. -wry Si 1 St,'