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The County paper. (Oregon, Mo.) 1881-1883, January 14, 1881, Image 2

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GOOD GRAMMAIU
Three little words 70a often tee
Are articles a, an ami the.
A noun's the name of anything,
As school or garden, hoop or swing.
Adjectlres tell what kind of noun,
As great, small, wlilto or brown.
.instead of nouns the pronouns stand -Her
head, his face, your arm, my liaud.
Verbs tell of something to be done
To read, count, sin;, laugh, jump, run.
How things aiedono the ftdvbs tell,
As slowly, quickly, HI or well.
Conjunctions Join the words together,
As men and women, wind or weather.
The prepositions stand beforo
A noun, as of or through a door.
The Interjections iow surprise,
As ah 1 how pretty oh I how wise.
The whole nre called nine parts of speech,
Which reading, writing, speaking teach.
TIIKUIIIMNKY'.S BONO.
lllir.T 1IAI.TK.
Over the chimney tho night wlad sang,
And the chanted melody no one knew;
And the woman stopped as her babe she tossed,
And thought of the one she had long tlncc lost,
And said, as her tear drops b.ick she forced,
"I hate the wind In the chimney."
Over tho chimney tho night wind sang,
And chanted a melody no one knew,
And the children said, as they closer drew,
" Tls somo witch that Is cleaving the black
nlgbt through
'Tls a fairy that Just then blew,
And wo fear the wind In the chimney."
Over the chimney tho night wind sang,
And chanted a melody no one knew;
And the man, as ho sat on hts health below,
Said to himself, "It will surely snow,
And fuel ts dear and wages low,
And I'll stop the leak lu the chimney."
Over tho chimney tho night wind sang,
And chanted a melody no one knew;
But the poet listened and milled, for ho
Was the man, and woman, and child, all three
And ho said, "It Is Ood's own harmony,
The wind that sings In tho chimney."
"ONLY A. FARMER."
'I don't liki thocountry, and I never
would havo ootno hero but fortho chance
of becoming Mrs. Allen Waters that's
tho truth."
Ilcr mother looked up amused at tho
frankncssolheryoungust daughter, and,
as for the oldest daughter, Dora, sho
sank back in horsoat with a pained blush
in her dark check.
"I am suro, Ada, you need not com
plain.. You havo a far easier living at
tho Hollyhocks than clthor mother or
I," sho said.
' Why everything need ba so hateful,
don'tseo," grumbled Miss Ada, frown
ing under her flaxen curls. '-If father
hadn't died now, ho might havo run
along for years, until Dora and I wero
suitably married, and kopt up appear
ances so wo could havo mado good
matches. Now everybody knows wo
aro poor."
"And everybody knows wo aro hon
est!" criod Dora, who still tromblcd at
tho mention of her dead father. "Wo
settled ovorythlng as honorably as possi
ble, and oamo horo to llvo, glad of Un
do Alfred's otter at least 1 was."'
"And I am suro I was, my dear,"
said Mrs. Atliorton, with a sigh. "1 am
thankful to havo a roof over my head
in my old ago."
"Undo Allrcd was absorbed in flori
culture, and mado a pet of tho placo for
years. It is lovely hero, I think," said
Dora, leaning to look out into tho bright
summer garden.
"I don't care for flowers," roturnod
Ada moodily. "I can't mako myself
happy with hoso and watering pots. I
think it would bo hotter than this, with
tho Waters' place opposite. But Alton
Waters is away and tho gates aro shut
ngaiustus. In fact, thcro is nobody
.hero."
"You calculated a groat deal on tho
society ot a man you don't know in tho
least, Ada," said Dora returning to her
sowing.
"Craft not int tho least bitliko you,
Dora, with your notions of congouiality
and similar tastes," burst forth Ada.
"I've a tasto for comfort and luxury,
and I could lovo any man who could
givo thorn to mo. Besides," somewhat
moderating hor violonco, as her mother
lookod annoyed at hor extreme state
ment, "you know wohavo always heard
what a flno follow JAllen Waters
was?"
Dora said no more. Her bright,
dark faco burnod with Indignation.
Sho was ashamed of Ada, griovod, yet
secrotly tried to mako somo oxcuso for
sister.
DaybydayAd continued hor com
plaints of tho Hollyhooks. Sho was
mlsorablo horsolf, and sho cortainly
madeovorybody olso so. While Dora
was as busy as a boo, Ada mopod her
self almost slok.
The little phaoton whloh Dora had
driven in as a child was loft to tho fami
ly, and at liormothor's suggestion, Dora
hlrod a mild, fat Dobbin of a neighbor
ing farmer ono day and invited Ada to
a drive
"lucre's lovely scenery along tho
valloy road. It will mako a littlo
change for you, Ada. Besides, I'vo a
bit of nows to liven you up."
Ada turned languidly.
"Allen Waters is coming homo,"
said Dora with a faintly misohiovous
smile.
After a moment's thought Adaroso,
arrayod herself in hor prettiest driving
costumo, ana ontorod tho carriage
"Dnvo past tho Waters estate, Dora.
What a fat, lazy horsol Thcro is no fun
in driving if you can't drivo in style.
Thoro, now seo the Wators' placo. It's
all I cxpoctod it to bo. Thoro'd bo soms
comfort in living if ono could bo mis
tross there, It's no hotter marriago
than I ought to havo mado if papa had
.notrallod."
And, with dlsoontontod lips and an
arrogant toss of the head, Ada was
driven past a w agon in which was a man
in his shirt sleeves.
He glanced at .ho young ladles with
frank curiosity.
'Did you bow, DoraP Impudent fol
low! How ho stared! Country folk!"
sneered Ada.
"I bowed becauso ho bowed to us,
Ada. You would not havo mo repel
such a mere clTllity. Ho is probably
somo ono who knows us, though wo aro
strangers hero."
"I detest such people"
"I don't think I could detest any ono
who wore such whlto shirt slcoves, and
looked so comfortablo under a broad
straw hat this hot day, laughed Dora,
carelessly.
But tho very next moment Ada was
thankful for tho oxistenco of "such peo
ple," for tho phaeton broke down, and,
with 'a dismal scream, sho was tipped
from her scat and lauded among tho
roadside buttercups and clover.
Tho mild, fat old horso lintantly
stopped. Dora looked anxiously about'
her for help. No hotiso was near. Shu
looked npponllngly up and down tho
quiet roadj then oh, gladly! sho saw
tho hay wagon, tho straw hat, and tho
whlto sliirt sleeves drawing near.
"You havo broken down," said tho
owner, hastily jumping down.
"Thank you, yes. Tho carringo seems
coming all to pieces," enld Dora, tremb
ling with fright. "Could you do any
thing to help? 1 should bo, oh, so much
obliged to yon?"
"Yes," said Ada, shaking tho dust off
hor silk skirts. "Wo aro tho Misses
Athorton. Wo will pay you of course.
Tho man bent to look at tho axletreo.
Ills faco was turned toward Dora, and
sho saw him smile.
"It's not so very bad then?" sho said,
anxiously.
"It might bo fixed, I think, so you
could got homo safely; but 1 haven't
much time, iu fact I am iu a hurry."
"What is your Unto worth to you?"
asked Ada, with tho air sho oneo heard
a mlllionnlro uso iu spcaKiug to somo
workmen ho was about to employ.
"Sometimes moro, and sometimes
lcs3," ho roplied, with tho saino quizzi
cal smile.
But ho had produced a cord from his
pockot, and, with deft fingers, began
mending tho broken trace Then ho
produced somo nails, and with a stono
pounded away vigorously bonoath tho
carriage.
"There! By driving carefully you will
bo ablo to reach homo safoly," ho said
at last, rising.
Thcro was something in his composed
manner and distinct onuueiation which
mado Ada 9taro for an instant; but sho
could seo littlo bonoath tho broad straw
hat but a curly black beard, a tanned
cheek, and two piercing oyes.
"Whatistopay?"
"Nothing."
Ho oQ'orod a hand to help Dora into
tho carriage
Sho seated herself and drew out a lit
tlo embroidered portmonnalo.
"I beg your pardon," sho said carn
nestly, "but you must let mo pay you.
You said you wero in a hurry, wo havo
taken your tiino, and you havo douo us
great service. I havo nothing but a
half soveroigu. Pray tako it. I am
sorry it is so littlo," blushing as sho
tendered him a shining coin.
Again tho quizzical smilo, and tho
eyes they had a world of moaning in
them, thoso piercing dark oyes under
tho hat brim. Dora felt her hoart btat
strangely.
It roliovod hor groatly that tho man
oxtcuded his hand and received tho
money.
"Thank you," ho said, quiotly.
"What may your nemo bor" asked
Ada, who had seated honelf unassisted,
"and your occupation? You aro quito
haudy," patronizinglf
Tho man laughed outright, a low,
mellow laugh.
"My narao does not matter, I am a
farmer. Good-day, ladles."
Ho stopped back, lilting his hat, smil
ing again at tho look of consternation
upon tho features of tho girls at tho
graco and tho faco tho movement re
vealed. A kingly brow shaded by closo
clipped yet beautiful hair, a whlto lore
head, oyes dauntlessly blight, with scorn
ami a smuo in inoni.
Tho L'hscton turned ono wnv. tho hnv-
wagon another.
"Whoover thought tliatho lookod llko
thatundor that old hat, in a hay-cartP"
said Ada, bruathlosslv. "Who can it
boP How provoking! Ho was a right
down gentleman, though ho said ho was
only n farmer."
Poor Ada! Hor mortification had
just bogun.
That ovening, with silk hat doffed
from tho handsome head, faultlessly
arrayed, Mr. Allen Waters presented
himself In tho littlo parlor of tho Holly
hocks, and introducing himself, begged
loavo to inquire If tho young ladies had
reached homo quito safely.
Ada apologlzod quite eagerly, and
tried to bo sweet, bat Mr. Waters scorn
ed to havo eyes only for Dora'rf brunetto
faco.
Ho camo again and again to tho Holly
hocks, and at last ono day boldly do
clarcd hlmsolf Dora's lovor.
"You havo known mo but sueh a littlo
whilo, you don't know half my faults,"
sho murmured.
"I don't caroif I don't" ho laughed,
"i iovo you anu uavo lovou you over
slnco you offered mo that sovoroign so
charmingly, blushing nnd ashamed of
tho small sum. Why, you littlo darling,
do you know your appealing dark oyes
kopt mo from mooting a man who would
havo paid mo 8100 that dayP"
"Aud you, havo novor got it?" criod
Dora, aghast.
"No; but that docs not matter.
havo your half sovoroign, and had
rather havo it."
Such an i ncorrlglble fool was the fait
course had his ewn way, and Dora he
camo Mrs.( Allen Waters. She loves
her husband because, under all circum
stances, sho finds him a gentleman. And
Ada Is In tho sulks.
How Officials Wero Onco Paid.
Tho following littlo scraps of history
aro found in tho Mllwnukco Telegraph:
It is not a general known historical
fact that from 1777 to 1784 tho torrltory
now known as Tennessee formed apart
of North Carolina, and that in 1785 tho
Tennosseeans, becoming dissatisfied
with their government, organized a
stato government under tho name of
"Franklin," which was maintained for
somo years. Tho stato organization af
terward disbanded, and territorial Ten
nessee was ngnin annexed to North
Carolina. Tho following is among tho
laws passed by tho legislature of tho
Stato of Franklin. Wo copy It as found
lu a speccli by Daniel Webster on tho
currency in 1838.
"Bo it enacted by tho Gonoral Assem
bly of tho Stato of Franklin, nnd it is
hereby enacted by tho authority of tho
same: That from tho first day of Jan
uary, 1789, tho salary of tho officers of
tliis commonwealth bo as follows, to
wit: "His Excellency, tho Governor, per
nnnum, ono thousnud deer skins;
"His Honor, tho Chief Justice, flvo
hundred deer skins;
"The Secrotmy to his Excellency tho
Governor, flvo hundred raccoon skins;
"Tho Treasurer of tho Stato, four
hundred and fifty raccoon skins;
"Each county clerk, thrco hundred
bcavor skins;
"Clerk of tho house of commons, two
hundred raccoon skins;
"Member of tho assembly, per diem,
thrco raccoon skins;
"Justices' fees for signing a warrant,
ono muskrat skin;
"To tho constablo for serving a war
rant, ono mink skin;
"Enaetcd into a law tho 18th day of
October. 189, under tho groat seal of
tho State."
Tho Sound of Thunder.
A remarbable featuro of tho storm Is tho
thunder, corresponding, of course on
tho largo scale, to tho annpof an electric
spark. Hero wo aro on comparatively
suro ground, for sound is vory much
moro thoroughly understood than is
olectricity. Wo speak habitually and
without exaggeration of tho crash of
thundor, tho rolling of thun lcr, and of a
peal of thundor; and various other terms
will suggest themselves to you as being
aptly employed In different cases. All
of thoso aro easily explained by known
properties of sound. Tho origin of t ho
sound is, in all casos to bo lookod for
in tho instantaneous 113d violent dlla
tatlon of tho nir along tho track of tho
lightning flash, partly no doubt, duo to
tho disruptive effects of electricity, but
but mninly due to tho excessivo riso of
temperaturo which renders tho nir for a
momont so brilliantly incandescent
Thoro Is thus an extremely sudden com
presslon of tho air all round tho track of
tho spark, and a less sudddn, but stil
rapid, rush of tho air into tho partial
vacuum which it produces. Thus tho
sound wavo produced must at first bo
of tho naturo of a horo or a breaker.
But as such a stato of motion is unstable,
after proceeding a modorato distance
tho sound becomes analogous to other
loud but less vlolont sounds, such as
thoso of tho dischargo of guns. Woro
thoro few clouds, whoro tho air of
nearly uniform density, and tho flash a
short ono, this would completely? do
scribe the phenomenon, and wo should
have a'.thuudor crash or a thunder clap,
according to tho greater or less prox
imity of the seat of discharge But as
has long been well known not merely
clouds, but surfaces of separation ot
masses of air of differont density, such
as constantly occur In thundor storms,
reflect vibrations in tho air; and thus
wo may havo many successive echoes,
prolonging tho original sound. But
thoro is another cause often moro ef
ficient than these When tho flash is a
long ono, all its parts being nearly oqui
distant irom tho obsorver, ho hears tho
sound from all parts simultaneously;
but If Its parts be at very different dis
tauccs from him, ho hears successfully
tho sounds from portions farther and far
ther distant from him. If tho flash bo
zigzagged, long portions of its courso
may run at one and tho samo dlstanco
from him, and tho sound from thoso ar
rlvo simultaneously at his oar. Thus
wo havo no difllculty iu accounting for
tho rolling and poaling ot thunder. It
Is, in fact, a niero consequence, somo
times of tho flnito voloolty with whloh it
is propagated. Tho usual rough estl
mato of live seconds to tho milo Is near
enough to tho truth for all ordinary cal
culation ot tho distanco of a flash from
tho observer. Tho oxtremo distanco at
which thundor is hoard is not groat,
when wo cousldor tho frenuont great
Intensity of tho sound. No trustworthy
observation gives in general moro than
about nino or ton miles, though thoro
:tro cases in which it is possiblo that it
may havo been heard fourteen miles off.
But tho dischargo of a slnglo cannon is
often hoard at fifty miles, and tho nolso
of a sicgo or naval onKagomont has
certainly boou hoard nt a distanco o
much moro than 100 miles. Thoro aro
two reasons for this tho first depends
upon tho oxtronie suddonness of the
production of thunder; the second, and
porhaps tho moro effectlvo, on tho ex
cessive variations of .density in tho
atmosphoro, whloh aro Invariably as
soolated with a thundorstorni. In certain
cases thunder hasbeou propagated, for
modorato distances from Its apparent
sourco, with a voloolty far exceeding
that of ordinary sounds. This usodto
bo attributed to tho oxtremo Buddennoss
of its production: but it Is not mt, if
we adopt this hypothesis, to see why it
should not occur in all cases. Sir W.
Thompson has supplied a very differont
explanation, which requires no unusual
velocity of sound, because it assorts the
production of tho sound simultaneously
at nil parts of tho air between tho ground
and the cloud from whloh tho lightning
is discharged.
Fcmalo Dress In Anctcnt Times.
In tho wnrdrobo of a Hobrow lady,
tho most splondid artlrtlo of clothing
was tho turban, lor thoso who could
afford It. Tho poor pcoplo had to bo
satisfied with winding a pioco of cloth
round their head, and fixing it as woll
as thoy could. Tho turbans wero' of
various colors, and wound indifferent
ways; somo of them wero liko a high
tower. Shoes nnd stockings wero un
known, but soles of leather wero fasten
ed with two latehcts. Tho ladles who
carried luxury into every department,
and who aro supposed, oven in tho pres
ent day, to bo far from indifferent to a
nleo, neat boot, or to elegant slippers,
had their shoes, or rather sandals, aud
their lalchots, mado of colored leather;
dark blue, violet, and purple, wero
favorlto colors. Tho ankles wero dec
orated with bracelets of gold or dainty
silver chains aud rings, with tiny silver
bells. Halrnots nnd headbands were in
great request. Tho latter wero of gold
and silver, und word under tho not, ex
tending from ono car to tho other. Ear
rings wero much thought of; wo aro
told of somo that weighed n thousand
nnd seven hundred shekels of gold, and
wero so largo that a man could easily
put his hand through them. Somo of
tho women woro several rings with lit
tlo bells attached to them. They wero
generally mado of horn or of silver.
But tho most popular ring was tho nose
ring. Tho loft no3trll was pierced for
tho purpose, and n ring mado of ivory
or motal put through It. Bracelets wero
favorlto ornaments, and genorally worn
on tho right arm. Some of them wero
exceedingly lnrge, so that they reached
up to tho elbows. Rings on tho finger
wero not worn; chains of lino gold, or
strings of pearls, with little silver balls,
or small tinkling bells, wero worn tound
tho neck.
'.My Influence."
W. H. UALDWIN.
"Gather up my influenco nnd bury it
with mo," were tho dying words of a
young man to tho weeping lricuds at
his bedside, as stated to tho speaker
awhllo since by ono to whom ho was
dear. What a wish was this! what deep
anguish of hoart thcro must havo been
as tho young man reflected upon his
past 111b! a Ufo which had not been
what It should havo been. With what
deep regrets must this vory soul havo
been filled as ho thought of thoso young
men ho had Jifluencod for ovilt in
fluences which ho felt must, if possiblo,
bo eradicated, and which led him, faint
ly but pleadingly, to brcatho out such
a dying request "Gather up my influ
enco nnd bury it with mo." My young
freinds, tho influenco of your lives, for
good or evil, cannot bo gathered up by
your friends ritcr your oyes aro closed
in death, no matter how earnestly you
mav plead in your last moments on
earth. Your inllucnoo has gone out
from you; you nlono wero responsible;
you had tho power to govern, toshnpo;
your influenco no human being can
withdraw, buch a request cannot bo
fulfilled. It is Impossible Your re
latives and freinds cannot "gather up
your influenco nnd bury it with you."
Young mou. llvo noblo, true, horolo
lives. Jfossoss tills "moral courage" in
full proportion and at all times every
where. Anecdote of tho King of Italy.
A Naples correspondent snvs: "A sad
accident, which occurred at Monsa re
cently, has thrown additional light on
KlngHumbort's kindness of disposition.
a peasant namoa uazzamgn, who was
empleyod in tho Royul Park, was load
ing his horso nnd cart out of tho grounds
niier nis uaytt worK, wncn 1110 liorso,
from somo unknown cause, took fright
and ran away. Cnzzanign hold fast,
trying to stop tho animal; but his logs
occamo cninngicu in uio reins, anu no
was thrown down nnd dragged along.
receiving ropeatod kicks, and the oart
wheels passing over his breast. Tho
marshal of tho guard, who happeuod to
bo standing at tho park gate, immedi
ately, together with ono of tho guards,
ran to assist tho uutortunatoman. Thoy
succeeded in stopping the horse which
by that time had overturned tho cart,
and woro trying to roleaso tho man,
when tho king camo up on horsoback.
10 hco wnat was passing, dismount,
nnd holp to lift tho cart anu libcrato the
flufferor, woro tho work of a moment.
Tho king then supported Bazzaniga in
his arms, sending tho marshal to letch
n mattress from tho adjacent lodgo, and
then himself lilted tho poor man into
tho cart, ordering that he should bo at
onco taken to tho hospital at Monsa,
and sending a mcssongcr on before to
request tho doctors to bo prepared to
reccivo him. But beforo tho hospital
could bo reached tho poor follow died.
Whon tho king was informed of his
death ho immediately sent tv messougor
to tho widow and family, assuring them
that all their wants should bo provided
lor. Comment is nendioss,"
A Welsh Eisteddfod'
Tho National Eisteddfod of tho Wolsh
peoplo has boon in session In Milwaukeo
this week. Ono hundred and twolvo
papers, on as many different subjects,
woro read, m"y. of tlimw niiniiin wu
morlted applause. Tho author ot
"Arelthio Byrfyfyr," though a young
man, shows doop study nnd wldo ro
search, and ho handled his subject in a
mastorly mannor, not onco wounding
hirasolf on tho sharp prongs of tho con
sonants. Tho bonutlful anthem "Ad
wddlad Both syn Hardd" was rondorod
in tho sweetest mannor, its silvery notes
rippling forth llko tho tinkling waters
on a shelly beach, though at first glanco
it doesn't look as though it could bo
done. But undoubtedly the best was
reserved for the last, as it was announced
that the, main objeot of the Eisteddfod is
to elevate tho slaudard of literature and
music, and tho beautiful nnd fitting fin
ale, "Hon Wind y Ytndau," was render
ed with much icoling. Tho Welsh lan
guage, whlto it seems to fill tho bill com
pletely for Wolsh peoplo, presents but
low attractions to tho young man sook
ing a homo in tho Wost, and ono glnnco
at it usually leads him to decldo in favor
of pralrio land, that is all oloar and frco
from stumps.
Aro Wo so Soon Forgotten!
HotSrrlw, (Ark.) Scntlcil.
Mr. Wilson removed tho romatns of
a man lrom a gravo on tho outstdo of
tho fence surrounding tho graveyard
that attracted considerable attention.
Ou a stono at tho hoad of tho grave
was chlsolod a squaro and compass and
tho letters "J. W.," died July 18, 1820,
showing that tho body was buried sixty
years ago. Thoro had boon a neat
stono vault built in whlsh tho body was
placed, hi a good stato of preservation.
Mnj. Gaines stnted that tho gravo was
thcro when ho first camo to tho springs
many years ago, and thnt nono know
who tho man was or who had burled
him. Mnj. Gaines had tho body removed
at his own oxponso, ns woll as purchas
ing a lot for it In Hollywood Comotory.
Tho surroundings show that tho man
whon living had boon of somo promi
nonco. Tho Lion's Tongue.
and anil Water.
Tho very peculiar formation of tho
lion's tonguo did not esnapo tho notice
of our nnatomist, but ho does not sav
much about it. I havo now iu my
hand tho dried tonguo of a lion; It Is
covered with sharp pointed horny
papilltc, Fct very thickly upon Its sur
face Tho papillre on tho front portion
of tho tonguo are much larger than thoso
In tho roar part of tho tonguo, but tho
smaller ones aro set much closer to
gother than thoso in front. Each papilla
consists of a horny splno, thn point of
which is curved and sot dlrcotly back
ward, romlndlng mo much of tho spines
on tbo tall of tho thornbaek ray. On
applying this lion's tonguo to tho cheek,
I find that tho roughness is so great
that with a littlo prcssuro n wound
might easily bo mndo in tho human
skin. Tho uso of this is toserapo off
tho meat from tho bones of the
animals, for the lion is not a great
bone enter ho leaves tho bones for tho
hyenas to crack, these animals havbg
teeth especially constructed for tho
cracking of bones. This peculiar rough
ness of tho tonguo is also present, but
In a less degree, In tho common cat,
and it can bo seen whon tho cat lapping
milk, but still better if tho tonguo of a
deluuct specimen bo taken out, put for
a whilo in spirits, and then pinned out
tight on a board. This rough tonguo
is of great importanco to tho health of
tho lion.
Saved by IIlsDccrhoiiml.
Herman Huttor aud Charles Whit
man, of Missoulia, Montnua Territory,
armed with rilles nnd accompanied by
adoorhound, went up tho Kattlesnnko
River in quest of game Thoy climbed
tho mountains to tho loft of tho stream
and separatod, taking opposite sides of
tho ridge, in tho hopo of bagging n deer.
Whitman camo down tho Rattlcsnnko
side, and, soon after separating from
his companion, ho slipped aud foil, slid
ing some 200 foot down tho mountain
side Ho vainly endeavored to stop
hlmsolf by digslng into tho snow with
hands and leet and clutching nt brush
and saplings till, just as ho was about
to bo prccipitatod over tho cliff into tho
Rattlesnake, somo forty foot below, ho
fortunately clasped a strong i-apling
with ono hnnd, and was lclt dangling in
tho nir over tho precipice By a strong
effort ho managed to clasp tho sapling
with his arm in tho elbow, nnd, grasp
ing his wrist with tho disengaged hand,
awaited his Inovltnblo fall with dosper
ntion. Tho hound, seeing his mastor
fall, followed him to tho edgo of tho cliff,
and whined plteously at tho predica
ment of his human friend. Suddenly ho
dashed off over tho hill llko a deor, and
disappeared. When nearly exhausted,
Whitman heard his companion, Huttor,
abovo him coming to his assistance
Ho gathered renewed courage, and hold
on desperately till Huttor camo down
with a ropo and rescued him from hi?
perilous position. Huttor says ho had
gono but a short distanco, when tho dog
camo upon him nnd seized hold of his
clothing, whining. Ho turned upon
him, and tho dog ran off. Repeating
thostrango inanouvcr, Huttcr iuspeot
od something wrong, nnd followed tho
dog to Whitman's rescue
0
Buchanan nnd Stevens.
Almost in tho centre, and near tho
chapel of Woodward Hill comotryLan-
castor County, Pa., Ho tho rouyjlns of
James Buchanan. A plain, fvtassive
Italian marblo tomb, compo.ad of a
singlo slab, weighing over so en tons,
boars tho inscription, "James If lohanan,
liaeonth President ot tho UnlteM States,"
and tho dato of birth and of ioatli. A
substantial Iron fonco incloses triglot
of ground, nnd tho gicon, woli;Kopt
sward is adorned only with J wo or threo
cholco roso bushes. Thorn j is littlo at
tempt at display, but all t fa surround
ings aro ofadlgniliod chCrnctor, even
as ho whos'i rostlng-plod, they murk
was dignified in life. Tho place 'boars
traco of a tender, loving caro, aud thoso
who know that tho favorilb niece of tho
ox-Prosldont, Mrs. Harriet Lane John
son, of Baltimore, nnntially oecupios
Buchanan's old homo. "Wheatland."
nn.ir Lsuionfitur, aaa-sumtaot rosortr
. 1 . 1 .. .1 , .
win uccu luiuquiru wiiuau guniio nanus
minister to tho distinguished dead. Tho
iuclosuro commands a beautiful vlow of
tho winding, romantlo Cones toga, and
ono is loroioiy ronunueu 01 muroi mil
nnd tho Schuylkill. It is a lovolv snot.
In tho westorn part of tho oity of Lan
caster, ra., remoto irom tno nura 01
business and of Industry, neat is a little
couiotry, whloh was established by pri
vate ontorprlso. It is known as Sohrol-
ner's Camotry, and hero, in this com
mon burial placo wit1! no ostentatious
surroundings; llos tho body ofThaddcus
elevens, tno '01a commoner.
The Baiter udtheWlfew.
Hearty naif a century aro, when a
coach ran dally between Glasgow and
Greenock, by Palsloy, ono forenoon
whon a littlo past Bishop ton t a lady in
tho coach noticed a boy walking bare
footed, seemingly tired, and strueellncr
with tender feet. Sho desired tho coach
man to tako him up and givo him a
seat, and sho would par for it. Whon
thoy nrrlvcd at tho inn in Greenock,
sho required of tbo boy what was his
ibject in coming tip hero. Ho said
10 wished to bo 11 sailor, nnd hoped
somo of tho captains would engage
him. Sho gavo him a hnlforown, wish
od him succoss, nnd charged him to be-
liivu wen.
Twontv vfiniM nlrrr llilq. Mm
was returning to Glasgow In the alter
noon, on tho samo road. When near
Bishopton, a tea captain observed an
old widow lady on tho road, walking
very slowly, fatigued und weary. Ho
ordered tho coachman to put hor in tho
coach, ns thoro was an empty sont, and
ho would pay for her. Immediately
after, when changing tho horsos nt
Bishopton, tho passengers woro saun
tcrlng about, except tho captain and
tho old lady, who remained in tho
coach. Tim lnilv tlinnlrnrl Mm fny l.ta
kindly feeling toward her, ns sho was
now uuiiuiu 10 pay ior n seat, no said:
"Ho alwnvs had nvmtintliv fnr
pedestriaus, sinco ho himself was In
Hint stato whon a boy, twenty ycara
ago, near this very place, when a tender-hearted
lady ordered tho coach
man to tako him up and paid for his
scat."
"Woll do I remember thnt Inctdm.t."
said she. "Inmthat lady, but my lot
In lifo is changed. I was then inde
pendent. Now I am reduced to pover
ty, by tho dolnjs of a prodigal son."
"How happy am I," said tho captain,
"that X ha Vll hi'nii Ritrnrarnl In mtr
ontcrprisc, and am returning homo to
iivu mi iuy luriune; anu irom mis uay
snnn uinu niyson ana ucirs to supply
till your doath.
HOW TO tiO TO BED.
s. p. nni.Lr.TiK.
In tho, days gono by it was considered
necessary to give somo instruction con
cerning tho best tlino for slumber and
tho proper mannor of preparing for it.
Turning over a pllo of nncicnt volumes
and tractates containing hyglonlo rules,
wo havo noted somo suggestions mado
in differont ngos concerning this impor
tant matter. Whilst tho written and
printed instructions substantially agreo
on all tho Important points, thoro is a
curious difforonco between them and
modern practice in ono or two fea
tures, A triplet, current in tho days of our
fathers nnd grandfathers, concerning
tho proper courso to bo pursued after
meals, Instructed people, if thoy would
enjoy porfect health, to
After breakfast work a while ;
After dinner sleep a whilo;
After supper walk a ndlc.
Tho nftor-dinuer programmo was un
questionably lived up to by all who had
tho timo nnd opportunity for "forty
winks," and tho snmopractico is in
dulged in by a largo number of persons
at tho present timo, but it was consid
ered rcprohonslblo by tho old writers on
houlthful sleep. That rhyming embod
iment of eleventh nontury hyglonlo wis
dom, tho "Regimen Sanitatis Salernita
tuni," or "Codo of Health of tho School
of Salornum," says:
Let noonttdu tlccp bo brief, or nono at all;
Else stupor, headache, fever, rheums wilt
fall
On him who yields to noontide's drowsy
call.
Androw Bordo, writing in tho six
teenth century, says that men in health,
"what ago or complexion soover thoy
bo of, shuldo tako thoyr naturallrest
and slope" Sleep after dinner was in
especial to bo avoided if possiblo; but
if heaviness ovoreame tho diner, and
indulgenco in a postprandial nap could
not bo avoided, then, says Dr. Bordo,
"lot hym mako a pause, and then lot
hym stando and leno and slopo ngaynst
a cupbordo, or els let him sytto upryght
in a chayro and slopo." Sleeping on a
full stomach, Fays tho samo authority,
"doth ingondyro infyrmytics, it doth
hurto tho splone, itrolaxeth tho synows,
it doth ingendyro tho dropsos and tho
gowte, nnd doth mako a man looko
evyll colored." Another authority, Dr.
Bulloyn, solomuly Informs his ronders
that "to slopo in tho fiolde is perilous,"
whiuh iu tho days whon gontiomon of
tho purso-taking profession woro plying
their vocation at a llvoly rato on tho
highways and byways, and tramps and
"sturdy beggars" abounded to tho groat
perplexity ot honest folk, was unques
tionably a correct statement on other
grounds than thoso purely hygienic.
Tho old writors woro altogether too
mlnuto and plain spoken in thoir direc
tions lor reproduction in this squoamish
ago, so somo of tho quaintest nnd most
curious of their instructions cannot ovon
bo hinted at. "Early to bed" was tho
rulo enjoined, and tho host timo wns
hold to bo about two hours aftor supper,
whloh was tho heaviest meal of tho day.
"To bodwardo bo you mery, or hauo
ruory company nbout you, so that tho
bedwardo no angre, nor houynes, sor
rowo, nor pensyfulness, do troublo or
dysquyot you." A good flro "to wast
and consume tho ouyll vapouros within
thochambro" wasstrouglyrecomtnond
ed, and ono wrltor added tho suggestion
that it was not good polioy to sleep In a
chamber raiuh troubled with rats, mico,
or snails. A respectable distanco
should, however, bo Kopt from tho flro
"takvng tho ilauour of It. far&fvro doth-
paryiiro and dotluiryo up a manes blodo.
ami aoui maico storicn iw synawes and
jo utes of man." Contrary to tho mod
ern American idia that sleoplng with
open windows is most hoaKoful, tho
Englishman of threo centuries ago was
particularly onjolnod to carolully nloso
tho windows of tho bod chamber.
Foathor-bods woro tho rulo for por
sons of good ostato, but Dr. Bordo ad
vises that instead of sleoplng dlrcotly on
tho foathor-bed thoro should bo Inter
posed a flook mattross or n thiol: cotton
quilt. Spoolal attontlon was given to
tbo nlghtoap. Ono wrltor insisted that
It should bo of scarlet. Another recom
mended it should "hare a hole in the
top through which tho vapor may go
out."
. Having observed all the directions
given In somo of the books, with consid
erable fulness 61 detail, and at last
stretched hlmsalf on tho bod, iim roader
was told how to disposo hlmsolf so as to
scouro both sleep and health. All but
ono ot tho writers directed that tho first
position should bo on tho right side
Dr. Bordo says there should be a rest
for a short timo on tho , loft sido, nnd
then on tho right. All agreo that tho
regular sloop of tho night should bo on
tho lclt side To lio upon tho back was
a proceeding to bo "utterly nbhorrod,"
and in this modorn medical authorities
agreo with thoir oldor brothron. Con
trary to Catlln's theory, ono anolont
hygionlst, Dr. Vaughan, recommended
that every person should sleep with his
mouth wldo open, that tho "fumeosl
tios" of tho stomach might tho moro
easily escape Tho samo authority
strongly rccommondod thnt mastlo bo
chowed beforo going to sleep, nnd
whlto poppor on getting 'up in tho
morning.
Finally, tho ndvlec of Sir John Hart
Ington can bo strongly recommended to
our own readers as n "good'nlght" part
ing: "When you put off your, gnrnionU
to go to bod, then put hwnv all your
cogitations, nnd lay thorn asldo, whether
thoy bo publio or prlvato, for when all
your mombcrs bo frco from all cares
you shall then alcop tho qttlotor, con
coction illgcstlon and tho othor
natural notions shall best bo performed."
Wns Thcro n Glacial Man in America
But was thoro any glacial man in
America? To this question tho answer is
distinct, though glvon with tho roservo
which tho subject justlflo3. For tho
best that is known, wo aro chiefly in
debted to C. C. Abbott, who was tho first
to call attontlon to tho stono implements
found in tho glacial doposits of tho Del
nwaro valloy. Thcso Implomonts aro
ohlofly of argellito, though examples of
flint occur nt higher lovels. Thoy have
been found nt tho bluffs near Trenton,
both in position woro doposltod and
among tho dobris nt tho base Dr. Ab
bott says, "Perhaps it is a wiso caution
that is oxorciscd, is but provisionally ad
mitting tho great antiquity of American
man, but woro thcso rudo implomonts
not attributed to an inter-glacial peoplo,
their coequal ago with tho containing
bods would uovor havo been question
ed." On this point the curator of tho
Poabody Museum nt Cambridgo observ
ed, in his tenth annual report: "Dr. Ab
bott has probobly obtained data which
show that man existed on our Atlantlo
coast during tho timo of, If not prior to,
tho lormatlon of tlio groat gravel do
posit which extends toward tho coast
from tho Delawaro river, noar Trenton,
and bolioved to havo been formed by
glacial action.
At Tho Stamp-Window.
Detroit Freer-real.
Just before elovon o'clock yesterday
forenoon thoro woro thirteen men nnd
ono womau nt f,ho stamp-window of tho
post-oflico. Most ot'tho men hadlottors
to post for tho Eastern trains. Tho
woman had something tied up in nbluo
match box. Sho got there first, and
she hold tho position with hor hoad in
tho window nnd both elbows on tho
shelf.
"Is thcro such a placo in this country
as ClovolaudP" sho began.
"Oh, yes"
"Do you send mail thoro P"
"Yes."
"Woll, a woman living noxt door to
asked mo to mail this box for her. I
guess it's directod all right. Sho said it
ought to go for ono cont."
"Takes two cents," said thoclork,
nftor weighlngit. "If thcro's writing ln
sido It will be twolvo conts."
"Mercy on mo, but how you do
chnrgoi"
Horo tho thirteen men began to push
and hustlo around, and talk about ono
old match-box dolaylng two dozen busi
ness lotters, but tbo twoman had lots of
timo.
"Thon it will bo two conts, oh?"
"If 1 hero is no writing insido."
"Woll thoro may bo. I know sho is a
great hand to write Sho's sending
somo flowor sood to hor sister, nnd I
presumo sho has told hor how to plant
em."
"Two threes!" called ono of tho
crowd, as ho' triod to got to tho win
dow. "Hurry up!" called another.
"Thoro ought to bo a soporato window
horo for womon!" growlod a third.
"Thon it will tako twelvo conts," sho
calmly quorlod, as sho fumbled around
for hor purse.
"Yes."
"Woll, l'dbotterpaylt,Iguoss."
From ono pocket she took two cop
pers. From hor rotloulo sho took a
three-coat pioco. From hor purso sho
(ished out n nlckol; nnd it was only aftor
a hunt of eighty seconds that sho got
tho twolvo conts togotlter. Sho then'
consumed four minutes In licking on
tho stamps, asking whoro to post tho
box and wondering if thero really was
auy writlag insido; but woman proposes
and mnn disposes. Twenty thousand
dollars' worth "of business was being
detained by a twolve.cont woman, and
a tidal wavo suddenly took hor away
from tho window. In sixty seconds
thirteen mod had been waited on and
gono thoir ways, ai.d tho woman ro
turned to tho window, handed in tho
box and enld:
"Them stamps aro llokcd on kind o'
erookod. out It won't mako any diffor
onco, will it?"
A young minister and his wife visited the
congregation where his athor was prerlounly
the pastor. Ho preacvL-d on the Sibbath, and
lifter service, oue ofUtho venorablo elders
epeaning wun mu youfjc minister's who, said :
"your husbancf piViched from the samo
text that hts fat'aor had the last time he waa
lau me last time he wai
ft
in lUMpuipu," n
"Indad,'Q-cplledth
thoady, "I hopo It was
' elder, "his father was af
not uietamo sermon,
"Oh. 110." said the
dreadful smart man."
Jt'ahope4batlpern!nrp"
It's hopo that licepa our memories green,
It's hope that makes our lives sublime','
It's soap that keeps us clean,
"What Is a crime!" asked the grave profes
sor. "A crime I" answered the wit of tho
class, "why, It Is when a man does some
thing." "Then," said the professor, . a be
looked over his glasses at tho youth, "I think
iiu uue cauiu accuse you, Air. IVWr, 01 oyer
Eldest Daughter "I V
might1. let
me come out, mammal
and surely I'to untahed i
Fou know,
on l Fes-
tire Mamma (by no meat
d to act the
part or chaperon and waN e.irv:; "Not yet,
mv love . Society Is so h'
preserve that aweet glrlls,
a lit tie longer
rcauy must
fes of your

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