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THE COUNTY PAPER,
Br KAVKITPOET At BOBTNH. OREGON, MO MY RIGHTS. Ten, God bit mndo tno n womnn, Anil I nm content to bo .Just whnt Ho mcnut, not reaching out For other things slnco Ho Who know the best nnil love mo most has offered this to me. "A womnn, tn llvo in)-llfo out In quiet, womanly wnj s lleurftiR tho fnr-oir Imttlo, Scclnjr iw through n hnao The crowding, struggling world of men fight through their busy dnys. I nm not strong or vnllnnt, I would not Join tho fight Or lostlo with crowds In tho highways To sully mygnrmcnts whltot But I hnro rights ns u womnn, nnd hero I clnlm my rights. "Tho right of it roso to bloom In Its own sweet, scpnrnto wny, With none to question the perfumed pink And nono to utter n nny If It reaches n root or points n thorn, nsovcu n roso-trco may. "Tho right of tho Indy-blrch to grow, To grow ns tho Lord shall please, By never n. sturdy oak rebuked, Denied nor sun nor breeze, For nil Its pliant slcndcrncss,kln totho strong er trees. "Thorlght to n llfo of my own Not merely n casual lilt Of somebody else's llfo thing out That, inking hold or It, I mny stand ns n cipher doesnftcr a numeral writ. "Tho right to gather nnd glenn What food I need and ran From tho garnered storo of knowledge Which man hns heapnd forinnn, Taking with frco hands freely nnd after an or dered plan. "The right I nh, best and sweetest I To stand nil undlsmnyed Whenever sorrow or want orsln Call for n woman's nld, YTlth nono tocnvll or question, by never a look gnlnsald "I do not nsk for n ballot: Though very llfo wero at stnkc, I would beg for tho nobler Jutlcu That men for manhood's sake must light mid take. Lucy I.arcom. CUACKLE'8 MOTHElMJi.LAW. Tr.ll, loan, bony, fillfl, gaunt anil up right! such woro a low of tho porsonal 3haroctoristlcs of Mrs. Hittontwoll, who possessed, moreover, thin lips, a shrill voloo nnd woro a wig. But, porhaps. tho most striking fcaturo of her counto nanco consisted in tho eyes, which were singularly keen and hawk-liko; so much eo that tho small children in tho neigh borhood often wonder whether thoso plorciug "optics" appeared liko bright stars in tho darkness of tho night. Un der her stern and searching glanco many lllnchcd and quailed a lact in which sho placed no little prido. Her ago wrs unknown, and it any un usually rash and adventurous porson ventured to mako a conjecture on this tender point in hov hearing, approxim ating to tho probable truth, great was tho danger thoroby incurred, us this os timablo lady had invariably a summary though somowhat novel mode of resent ment in such cases. Sho had been married, but it is need less to nfllrm that her husband's epi taph had been inscribed upon his tomb stone many years ago, nnd It was a cur rent story that tho stono mason had grM.uitously added thereto, though with out instructions, requlescat m paco, 1 thus exemplifying that tho man of tho hard chisel had been solicitous for tho futuro wclfaro of tho deceased, with whom tradition asserted ho had been personally acquainted. Mrs. Hittenwoll had an only child, strangely unliko herself, being a gentlo, fair and sweet-featured girl, who had lived w'th hor irom infancy, and had been rigidly trained under her own auspices. 1'horo was no deviating from tho mother's rules and wishes, for Ma bol's quiet and obedient disposition was easily moulded by her parent's iron will. If porchanco sho over ventured to give vent to tho slightest murmur ol'com plaint, sho would bo sharply reminded that she then strongly resembled her father, who had been addicted to tho habit of ilnding fault with what was good for him. When Mubol attained tho ago of eigh teen sho becamo engaged to young Lath am Cracklo, who tilled u responsible position as cashier to a largo lirm. Ho was devoutly attached to Mabol, and through Mrs. Hittem well, without whoso counsel in tho matter ho know ho should not succeed. Havingglven ft satisfactory account of himself financially and other wise, tho engagement ensued, and at tho end of about two months Mrs. Hlttomwcll becamo Craeklo's mother-in-law. During tho 1 eriod of courtship, possi bly from interested motives, Mrs. Hlttomwcll becamo oxtraorninarily bland and agreoablo to her daughter's botrothod, and Latham bogan really to think sho had been much traduced in tho various roports reflecting upon hor amiability. It had been proposed that, after tho celebration ot tho nuptials, sho would rcsido with hor daughter and son-in-law, to which arrangement in an oril hour tho upsuspecting young man rondilv consented, Very soon, however, aftor tho tying of tno Knot wnicn can oniy uo iooscrcu uy law or denth, Mrs. Hittonwell relapsed into her wonted strong-minded and splenotio state, and tho pair of eyes bo foro montioncd becamo hawk-liko as over. Tho young husband, who was fond ol tranquility ana peace, submit ted to hor wishes and dictates for tho sako of ensuring a qulot house, and tho old lady consequently soon succecdod as horotoforo in makiug everything as uncomtortablo ana unpioasant as pos sible. In tho courso ot timo, however, Crackle's nerves had becomo chafed and irritated to such an extent by tho domineering rule of his mother-in-law, counlcd witii hor incessant goading re marks and constant innuendoes that the proverb ot tho camel, whoso back was ovontually broken by tho woight of ono straw too many, began oftou to cross Ids mind, especially after ho had von . lured onco or twico on a mild oxpostti' latlon, to which, nevertheless, Mrs. Hittonwell turned a totally doat oar. It thereforo becf'iio imperatively noo- .it,i..' ..n ,,i l.i i:.. ... unauiy unit uuuiuug Diupa ouuum uti .yi- kou toward tho flothronoment ot his household tvrant Mild siiErirestionsViuiotrcinonaL'Jnces. and oven slinrrxirormkos crcby hor aliko unheeded,- so that Latham deter mined ono evening to avail hlnisolf of the very next opportunity that would t'.'ord lair grounds for an abrupt ro if est that sho would rolievo tho house it hor presonco altogether. no had not long to wait, for at tho breakfast tablo next morning thoro was tho usual amount of sarcasm and rancor if Mrs. Hlttonwoll's observations, and cracklo tult mat tho tuno naunowcomo (Vrhlni to assort and maintain his rights, ju'r'nomlnlously fail In tho attempt. yiuujou WlltU, lUUlUUl-JU-llUV, "r .'ouslv oxolalmod Cracklo. aftor ii ".'for Instance of tho lady's happy i thui 1ee of marring tho comforts of otnor li, "I'll stand this no more! You bk to your old quarters, tor you imam hero no longer! There's no pence wherever your nose Is seen!" At this personal Illusion to her nasal organ, Mrs. Hittenwoll fired up di rectly. "And pray who aro youP" sho sneer ed, "that you should dare to find fault with your olders and superiors?" "Get out of tho houo, you old cata maran!" shouted Cracklo, now fairly roused beyond self-control. "Cat, ehP" returned his mothor-In-law misunderstanding tho word, and trembling with passion. "Yos! Grimalkin, tabby, cat, or any thing oi80 that's snoppish and aggravat ing!" vociferated Lathani; "and I'll sco your traps packed and your mischief making solf packed off directly I" Thus saying, ho strodo upstairs to personally superintend tho getting to gether ot her goods and chatties, pre paratory o hor Immcdiato departure The Iron, so to speak, was red-hot, and It was noccssary to striks it with firm ness nnd decision boloro it had timo to cool. Ho felt tho long anticipated momont had arrived at last, nnd deter mined to avail himself of it without brooking tho sllghcst delay. "Oh, that I should hnvo ltvod to bo called tin old cat, by such n little wretch as you!" exclaimed tho old lady, In hor shrillest voice, at tho loot of tho stairs, so that sho might mako herself plainly nudlhlo. , "Yes! nnd if you stay horo ono hour longor, I'll got somo catnip lrom tho drug storo nnd mnko you swallow It!" replied Crackle, in a tone as if ho meant to carry out his threat. Now, whether Mrs. Hittonwell sud denly entertained tho Idea that sho had at last caught a tartar, it is lniposslblo to say with any degreo of accuracy; but certain it was, that though sho was thoro In propria porsonao, licrtonguo enjoyed lor tho nonco an unwonted rest. At length tho packing was at an end: tho trunks wero hauled down stairs, and oro n fow minutes moro sho had inglor iously vacated tho premises. Withahcarlfcltsighol relief. In which his wlfo could not resist Joining, Cracklo proceeded to enjoy tho true comlorts of homo, which woro never again invaded by tho ancient fomalo with tho hawk liko oyos. It Is almost unnecessary to add that thereafter both ho and his young wilo woro happy and contented, nnd ho only regretted that ho had not assorted his independence at an earlier date. Oncer Things in the West. A Correspondent of tho Ohio Farm er's Journal gives an ontortnlnlng no count of his observations at tho West (somo ot tho elder of us, by tho way, remombor when Ohio was "tho West," of tho Now England emigrant), from which wo cull tho following para graphs: Tho Fastcrn man who travels for tho first timo through tho "great West" ;.s many things that strlko him as "queer." I do not mean funny or ludi crous, but unoxpectod, dilieront irom what ho had imagined or supposed. Ono of tho first queer things is that "tho West" is u very hard placo to linu. In Indiana people selling out nnd "go ing West. " In Illinois, Iowa, and Wis consin it is tho samo. Ho hears tho cat tle mon complain that they cannot com pote with "tho Wost" in tho production of cheap boot'. You never roach tho placo where tho pcoplo admit they llvo "out West." If ono is from Ohio ho is called an "Eastern man." In Central andWostorn Kansas, Nobraska, mid in Dakota tho queer thing is tho cntiro laek fences and bridges, or any need of thorn. All tho farms nro "out-doors." Tho now settlors build their cheap houses, break tho virgin prairio, ready cleared of stumps and stones, and begin grain raising. Herd laws or a herd law son- tlmont mnkos it unnecessary for tho grain-raiser to ienco his gram. Tho rule is to fenco tho stock, and not tho grain. It isthocattlothatdo thodamngo; there foro they should bo fenced. This is tho sensible viow to take, at least in a new country. And so lor miles tho grain fields aro"out-oi-dnors," as tho child ox- pressed II : and this lack of fenses gives an Eastern man first a fooling of im mensity, and then of loneliness. In Colorado ono queer thing is tho dryness of tho atmosphere Truo, it was unsuaiiy dry this summer when I visited it is but always a dry atmosphere. Squashes and pumpkins "keep forever" in tho collars of Denver. Nothing rots it dries up. Everything dries up. Tho shingles on tho roofs nil uceni trying to warp into small wooden stove-pipes or largo mac ron! rolls. Everything dries up except tho ponplo, and thoy would oxcont for tho saloons! Another qucor thing Is that when it docs rain it makes such n mess of it. It tears things up. It is liko tho man who"didn't comb his hair hut once a month, and then It half killed." Mv friend said tho Genoral and I started oft' for an altornoou's drive among tho irrl agtcd farms aud gardens near Denver. Wo crossed a long bridge "What's this brldgo forP" "This Is Chorry Creek." "Where's tho creek?" "You'd see, if it happenedtoboonarampngo." Wo crossed tho l'latto River, too, a low rods furthor on, now tho merest brook. At six wo returned from our drive and as wo orossod tho brldgo over tho Platto not a dozen yards up tho stroam wo saw tho river coming madly on, n mighty, turbid torrent, bearing logs nnd limbs and rubbish, and piled up three feet almost porpondiculnrly, rushing down ward over its dry bod. I had noticed a shower off southwost, among tho mountains, a low hours beforo. It didn't oven sprinklo in Denver, but tho river announced tho fact that thoro had been it very "heavy dew" among the mountains. Tho country is nearly lovol, slightly rolling, and tho rains on West ern Kansas nnd Eastern Colorado have boon very light for conturios, and hnvo formed no gullies to spoak of.- I do not remombor seeing a bridge and there is a good wagon-road all along, bosldo tho track; yes, a splendid road, for tho lovol prairio, whon onco trodden with wholes, becomes almost as hard and smooth as n concroto pavement in tho city. It is a great help to tho now so'.tlers that tbcro aro no tences or bridges to build, and no roads to mako. Taxes aro light, and nil tho labor oan bo put on tho cultivation of crops. Destroyers of Contagion. Popular Sclenco Hot lew. Modern sidbneo has lot in n flood of light upon tho cause oi many illnesses, .nd tliA naturo of tho contagliv upon which tnolr propagation dopends, Not only has tho cause of dlsoaso boon tracod to agents oxtornal to tho body, but tho exact form of thoso disturbing organ isms has boon pointed out. Thoy con sist of mlnutu solid partioios, probably in most or all oasos ot a vogetablo na ture; thoy aro theroforo non-gaseous, and in no respoot comport thomselves liko gaseous bodies. Tho contagious principle of fovor is a corkscrew-llko splrillajln other diseases it appears as a large motionless rod; in others as a solid body, ragged, and nearly round. Thoso bodies float in tho atmosphcro in clouds, and whon inhalod, or when they como in contact with abrnuea sunaces, inocoulation oc curs, and the dlsoaso is of tho typo peculiar to tho naturo of tho specific poison. Tho bodies stnrt in tho circula tion a morbid chemical action, or servo as a ferment, which disturbs or dovitn ll7.es tho blood, nnd thus produces most sorioui illnesses. Malarial fevers, moaslcs, diphtheria, scnrlot fover, small-pox, nnd many other alarming diseases result from blood poisoning through tho action of theso curious cxtornal agents. So long as tho naturo ot tho noxious material was un known, tho ohomlcal agents, ns disin fectants, deodorants, antiseptics, etc., wero selected to satisfy tho most various nnd dissimilar theories ns to Its naturo and properties; but since n better un derstanding has been reached, a moro intelligent aud sulcntillo selection ami use of theso substances can bo made. It is Important Hint In families whoro cases ot zymotto diseases provall, accu rato knowlcdgo should bo possessed ns to tho methods ot preventing n spread of tho contagion. Every physician should bo well Inlormcdon this subject, hut unfortunately sonn of them nrc not. Of courso, tho septic germs, in cases of small-pox, diphtheria, etc., full upon tho lloors and walls of rooms, upon tho bed, and upon tho clothing of attend ants. Upon theso deposits the usual solid or liquid disinfectants exposed in tho room havo llttlo or no effect; noth lng but thorough cleansing and ventila tion, with tho uso of gaseous disinfect ants, will expol them. Tho best method to disinfect clothing is by tho use of heat. Experiment has shown that no form of contagia can withstand a tem perature of 220 F.; thereforo, cloth ing placed in a hot box two hours, with d:y lient abovo that ol boiling water, U thoroughly disinfected; or it may bo soaked in boiling water with tho eamo results. Vaceino matter mny bo taken as tho typo of a virulent material, and experi ments upon this poison provo that dlslnlcctants. to bo effectual, must bo used in much largor quantity than has usually been considered necessary. II the destroying agent is of an acid na ture, the virus must boreudored perma nently nnd strongly acid. Tho end do sired is to destroy tho inlectlvo power completely. It is not generally known thnt carbolic acid, in quantity equal to two per cent, of tho virus, is iueapablo of doing this work upon vncclnu virus. It deprives It of its infeetlvo pow or for tho timo being, but this returns as soon as tho carbolic acid has escaped through exposure to the air. Chlorine is a gaseous body, nnd is in ordinary cases nn effective disinfectant. It is, hor.ovcr, inferior to sulphurous acid; this Is tho most valuablo agent wo haves but unfortunately it is not safe in inexperienced hands. A room in which a oaso ot infectious discaso has been E laced can bo thorough; cleansed by urning'a little sulphur m tho absence of tho inmates. Tho sulphurous acid is a gas exceedingly dlsagrccablo aud irrespirablo, and great caution is neces sary in its uso. l'ermunganato of potash Is a truo dis infectant, 'having oxidizing powers of high capability, but it must bo used in much largor quantities than aro usually employed. Its high eoH is a bar to its free usu, and it is not clearly soon how it can over becomo much cheaper. Chloride of limo, freely mod, is a good disinfectant; but when it is placed in vessels in small quantities in siok-rooms, or sparingly sprinkled in drains, it has but slight inlluonco us a destroyer of contagion. Cnrbolato of limo is. a cheap and good disinfectant, but it must bu used in largo amounts to bo useful. Several of tho metallic salts hnvo pow erful antiseptic properties; for cxamplo, tho protosulpliato of iron. This salt, in strong solution, is a valuablo agent, and is worthy of notice At this point it should bo stated that carbolic acid and tho metallic salts, used in small quanti ties, aro preservative ugents, nnd may actually prolong tho llfo of contaglum by preventing its destruction through natural processes. There aro numerous patonted "anti septics" aud "disinfectants," which nro perfectly worthless so fnr ns' nny in tlucnco uponscptio germs Is concerned. It is very important thnt heads ot fami lies, and especially physicians, should clearly understand what is required when solectiog an agent for practical use Contagious particles of all forms aro Imbedded in an epithelial or albu minous covering, and thoy do not yield thoir vitality roadlly, and never to im proper agents. Thero aro good deo dorants which arrest putrofaotlo'n and fermentation, and yet completely fail to destroy contagious particles. Treatment of tho Hair. How to presorvo tho hair is n subject which seems to interest almost every body, If wo may judge from tho frequent inquiries from every direction which como to this ofllce Ono wishes to know what will provont baldness, an other how to eradicate dandruff, oto. Now it is a dollcato mattor to recom mend nny special treatment, but Prof. Wiis'on,of England, who is doomed high authority on tho hair, condemns wash ing it, and advises, instead, thorough brushing. This promotes circulation, removes scurf, aud is in all respects, ho sajiJ, bettor than water. Cutting tho hair docs not, as Is commoniy thought, promoto its growth. Most of tho spo elll'N recommended for baldness, not oxcdMing pretroleum, aro moro stlmu lanlsAnd aro seldom or novor porma-ncntlj-rVuccessl'ul. Somo of thoru givo riso to' Vmgostlon ot tho scalp. When a Rtlinu'unt is desirable ammonia is the host, ljissife. Forfalliogout of the hair, Di J Wilson proscribes a lotion com poflwl of water of ammonia, almond oil, ,2nd chloroform, ono part oaoh, di luted witlnflvo parts alcohol, or spirits of rosomrup, tho wholo made fragrant with a dnullim of oil ot lemon. Dab it on tho skil alter thorough friction with tho hair br' sh. It may bo used spar lngl'j'or hbdudantly, dally orothorwlso. For a cooling lotion, ono made of two drachms (J borax and glycerine to eight ounces of distilled water is effect ive, allaying dryness, subduing irrita bility and removing dandiuft'. Iloth baldnoss and graynoss dopond on tho dofcctlyo powors of tho scalp skin, and aro to bo treated alike. What is needed is moderato stimulation, without nny Irritation. Tho following Is goods Rub into tho places dally, or ovon twlco a day, n liniment of camphor, ammonia, chloroform and aconlto, equal parts each. Tho friction should bo vory gontlo. "Do vou oretend to havo as trood Judgment as 1 have" exclaimed an enraged wlfo to her DUioana. "wen, no," no repueo, eiowiy, "ear choice of partners for life shows that my Judgment Is not to be compared to yours." POPULAR SAYINGS TOOM POPS. Although the poems of Alrxfthder I'opt are seldom read at the present diy, people, with out knowing It, quote him more frequently than any other author or book, with tho ex ception, perhaps, of the Itthlc, Shakespeare, Milton, Btron, Isaac Watts, llenjftintn Frank lin, and Esop. Tho ollowlns lint of quota tions will kIvo some tdeu of his popularity In this regard : Shoot folly as It flics. Man never Is, but always to be, blest. Lo, the poor Indian ! Die of a rose In aromatic pain. All are but parts of one stupendous whole. Whatever ts, Is right. The proper study of mankind Is man. Grows with his growth and strengthens with his strength. Vlco Is a monster of f o frightful mcln, etc. l'leas'd with a rattle, tickled with a straw, lie can't be wrong whose life Is In tha right. Order Is heaven's first law. Honor and shamo from no condition rife; Act well your part thero all tho honor lies. Worth makes the man, the want of It the fel low. An honest man's tho noblest work of God. Looks through nature up to nature's God. From grave to gay, from lively to severe. Outdo, philosopher and friend. Just as the twig ts bent tho tree's Inclined. Mistress of herself, though China fall, Who shall decide when doctors disagree f A little learning Is a dangerous thing. To err Is human, to forglvo divine. Fools rush In where angels fear to tread. Damn with faint praise. Ilreaklng a butterfly upon a wheel. Tho feast of reason and the flow of lonl. Welcome the coming, speed tho parting guest Do goad by stealth and blush to tlnd It fame And deal damnation around the land. That mercy I to others show, That mercy show to ine. The mockery of woe. This Is the Jew, That Shakespeare drew. Party Is the madness of many for the gain a few. MiACK MUM. How Diimon nnd Josh wny I.cnthcncd Thoir Hnlldny. Iljr rif Mint ltldrrhood. "Black guml Snssyfras! Maplo!" ex claimed Undo Joshway, in tones of mingled anger and contempt, as ho stood, ax in hnnd, by tho wood-pllo ex amining a load of wood lleub, had just thrown irom his wogon. "Maple, black gumandsassyfrasiRcublnJcems, you'ro tho blggcs' fool nigger in Loozannn! Ain't got do sense you was born wid an dat wan't much! Reck'n l'so gwlno to gio you fo' bits an' yo' dinnor an' you eats moro'n a whale, mo' tutors' an' greens, an' pones o' bread an' pork dan ten whales! when you hauls stch wood as dat?" "I don't sco nothin' wrong wld do wood, Undo Joshway," said Rcub, curl ing tho lash of his long whip around his nrm. "What's matter wid dis wood, Undo whoa, daii, llallt Joshway? Whaso you gwlno tor? Whan I wnnts you to go, you stan' liko you'so moso dead, an' couldn't tako narry stop; den when back, Urandy! den whon I wants tor stop, you moso break yo' necks lo go on! Outdaciouscst oxens I over seed! B-n-a-a-aook! I hauls you samo kino o' wood I hauls for white folks, an' dcifs satisfied." "Dcy's satisfied" yes, I reckon 'doy' Is dat ain't no sign of a duck's nest dcy boin' satisfied ain't notin'. Wliito folks ain't got no sonso 'bout wood. Dair'd my old marstor, wld all his book larnin' nn' edification, didn't know'twns bndluckto burn sassyfras dldn'tknow dat burnln maplo alius bring cump'ny an' I calls cump'nyto feed bad luck whou yo' vlttles is 'bout ox- plrln' ". As tho "oxens" in tho wagon wero now standing still, Roubin .Teems seated himself on a log and the Colonel dropocd down on a stump to talk. "Bad luck?" said Roubin Jcems. "I novcr heard toll of burnln' maplo bring in' cump'ny, nn' I did't know 'twas bad luck to mako a firo outer sassyfras, ots I wouldn't orbrung you a stick of it, sho' I" "Good lawd, Roubin Jcems!" said Undo Josh, springing to his feet in astonishment, "Good lawd you olo 'null' to voto, an' dat ignunt! I don't know what's gvvin' to como of do up raisin' gcu'ration ot cullud folks! 'Pears to mo like doy don't knownufiln.' Mo here findln' you an' you eatln' moro'n a abbrleonjor snako an' givin' you fo' bits fur dis 'ittlo handful of wood, an' hit all maplo an' blaok gum an' sassy fras, 'coptin two or thrco sticks of hick' ry. Mo nn' mino 'ud let our foots get frost bit wid do cold 'foro wo'd burn a picco o' sassyfras so you might's well put it In yo' waggln an' haul it off 'gin; an' yo' black gum too. You lazy, triflin' nigger; 'stiddcr cuttln' down trcos you went to somebody's now clear lu an' pick up dat olo rubbago! Dunno what do upralsln' gon'ratlon o' young niggers is gwlno tor come tori Whon I was young, boys was somo' count; now doy ain't worf dair salt. Ketch 7ie haulln' black gum an' sassyfras when I yo' ago. Rock'n l'so gwlno to pay you fur datstuft? Tako itto Mr. Lightnln ho won't know no bottor but don't you novcr lotch mono mo' sloli truck!" "What fur you don' t liko black gum P" queried Rcub as inuocontly as If ho didu't know nil about it. "Ia it bad luck to burn black gum, tooP" "Luck? I dunno nothin' 'bout do luck of it, but 1 do know how it burns. Ain't you novor beared mo toll how mo nn' Damon fooled olo Mars wunstP" "No," said Roubin Jeoms, "and who was Damon?" Ho had heard tho story a dozon times, but tho chorry wasn't ono of tho trees cut down by his "llttlo hatchot." Such a small and comforlablo consolonco had Roubin Jooms that not ovon a shadow of romorso flitted over his pleasant, shining countonanco as ho spoke Ho was very willing to lot Uncle Joshway's old story oomo up again to turn tho ol J man's attention irom tho "black gum nn1 sassyfras" recently undor discussion. "What 'bontyo' olemnrsP an1 who was Damon r " "Well ') said Colonel, taking a big bite at his plu,, ' tobacco and offer ing Roub a chow in v''kn of reconcllia tlon. "I coln't nercV 800 asllck ' black gum wood Mont mo30 klll' mysolflafln' 'coptin' cep.'m',C0Pt in' whou folks hauls me dat klno er wood," ho ndded, ns tho memory his Into nngcr flashed over hlra. "An' vou ain't novcr beared tell" "Novcr! Whoa, dair, Brandy!" "Well, wunst In rob times dat was whon I was young nn' sorter wile I menn sorter lively early ono Chris'mns mornin' mo nn' Damon went up to do houso to ketch olo marsor an' git our nignog nn' put him in mino o' dnt satin wos'eut nn' shiny boots an' high-top hats an' sto'-bought shirts all starched up still' ns a bonrd, ho promised us. But, 'stlddur nxln' Chloo ifdowhlto folks had done had brcckflts olo mars novcr did like to bo 'sturbod 'fo' brccklus uanion ho bulges in do room liko a fool, an' hollers: Chrlsmus gif, olo mars! Chrlsmus glf, ov'body Glmmo my presents nowl How long a Chrit mas yottgwino to glvo us, marsP' Now I was sorter jubotts I knowed olo mars had a liver, an' dat makes somo folks crons fo' breckfus, you know so 1 stood outsido do do' lis'nin'. Don 1 peeped in, an' dhir was old mars wid hofaconll lathered up, an' him n-shavin' or had been, but whon Damo hollered out nil of n sudden It mado do razor flip tin' cut him on do face, not 'mi IT to hurl, but jus 'null to mako him rantankerous, an' 'stiddcr sayln', 'G'long an' frolic, boys; d'ninl no wuek doln' dis limo o' year; you kin tako us much Christmas as you want' stiddnr sayin' dat, olo mars ho tunned his huld round juV dis away an' rolled ills two at nyes Damo jus' dis away" said Undo Josh Imitating "olo mars' " movements. "An' den lie seed mo snioxorin' at Damon an' don ho say, 'bit out dis houso, you black ras cals, you! Bust in1 in hero dis timo, o' day liko wilo Injuns an' makln' mo cut myhnid moso off! Cla' out, hofo'n you you, fo' 1 frow dis bootjack at you! Damo ho sneak oil', but I grab up an' armful o' fat pluo I seed layin' in do hall an' went in an' began biowin' up do firo. Aftor it blazo up I say, 'How long a Christmas you gwino to giro us, marser? nil do weokP' 'All do week, you lazy, fat nlggor? No! You an' Damon bring in a turn o' wood tin' as long ns do firo burns you kin kick up yo' heels nn' havo a hollerday. Dat's all do long Iso gwino to givo you. While ono tiro's burnln'! Dat's mighty short Christmas, marsor; p. firo'd burn out in a hour.' 'Well, let it burn! I'll learn you how to como smasln' in any body's room liko n Injun! Cla' out, an' git me somo wood, you an' Damon. Whlloit's burnln' you kin have o' hol lerday you needn't goto wuek till it burns to nshos." Olo mnrser knowed wo wanted to go to a wholo-hog dinner wliar' doy had a quiltin' an' a weddin,' fo' miles from our house, an' courso, wo couldn't moro'n git dair 'lb' a nor' nary firo'd bo plum out, an' I thought ho war real mean to do dat way do onlics' timo I over knowed him to 'fuso us a good hollerday, but don I novor axed him 'fo' brcckfusagin. So I went out to do wood pile mo aud Damo did, but wo fust saddled do two mules mar sar had lot us .havo an' pick up n bl dry oak bauk-log to toto tn do house, but jus' den I had 'uuthor thought. I frowed down do oak, whispor to Dame, den mo an' him run to do boss lot, cut down a big olo black gum treo an' toted in do green logs of hit, an' pilod'em up In mars' big olochlmbloy onodcmolo fashin firo-places dat took up half do sldo do room. We jus' piled on log af tor log, an' olo mars didn't know what kino cr wood It was oven If ho had krowed it was black gum ho wouldn't er had sonso 'nuff to koor ho was a scholard, olo mars' was, an' didn't know 'boutnuftln' but book foolishness. When ho seed how smart wo was fotchln' in do wood so fas, ho smilo an' say: 'AH right boys. Now you kin go on, an' frolic till dat wood burns down.' I know ho'd er liked to told us to tako longer Chrls'mas, but ho didn't want to tako back what ho'd fust said. So wo put off. Damo ho was so tickled 'bout do black gum firo dat, 'stiddor walkln' liko n Chrlschun to do gato whoro do mules was hitch', ho an' me turned summersets all do way. Well, wo rid off to do quiltin' an' do big dinnor; don do nox' day wo wont to n barhycuo, an' j wo jus' rid 'roun dat wholo blessed week, goln' to all da frolics fur fifteen miles 'roun' an' Iiavin' mo what a timo wo had! Mo' fnnt T..1W.I apples an' nwangls an' wholo hogs barbycued, nn' white-washed cakes! Wliow! Reub, it makes my motif water to think er dat week! 'N'lf you b'llovo mo, whon wo got back homo Now Year's night nn' 'quiro 'bout olo mars' firo, Chloo sho say 'Joshway, what klno or wood was It you put on 'lb' you wont 'way? Olo mars' says ho novor seed sloh wood slnco do good Lawd mado him. He's been punchln' do firo, nn' pokln' In light wood dts blossod week, an' it ain't burnod down yot. He's burnt up fo' waggln loads ot fat lightV It an' dat wood you put on ain't begin to burn yot. Olo mars' think it jos' happen so, but I knows bolter; it's somo o' yo' devilment. What is it, Joshway?' 'Black gum,' say I. Don Chloo laft till sho moso had fits; an' to dis day I can't seo black gum wood 'dout lnflln' mysolf moso to death thlnkln' 'bout olo mars' an' our hollor day." A Botton lady recently visited a clalrvoyan tn ordor to hear something about her husband's Ufa. The clalrvovant said: "You must bring me Dome of your husband's hair before 1 can go Into the land of dreams." "l)ut,' said the lady, "my husband Is baldheaded." "Btlll," said the clairvoyant, "you may pull a MtUe, from the sides' HHnllght. Firm Vemti. The sun, If you will only open your house to hlra, is a faithful physician, who will be pretty constant in attend ance, nnd who will sond in no bills. Many years ago glass was somothingof a luxury, now we can nil havo good sized windows, nnd plenty of them, nt moderate cost, and thero Is no excuso for making mcro loop holes, through which tho sun can cast but half an oyo, and from which ono can gain only nar row glimpses of tho beautiful outer wrld. I ftLri sufficiently acqunintod with tho conorv.ttlvo chnractor of many country pcoplo to h now thnt expressions of dis dnln will como from somo qunrtcrs when I mention bay windows. Never theless bay windows nro it good thing, Thoir offect is very much like lotting heaven Into one's house, nt least ought to bo liko that, for it is nothing but absurdity nnd wickedness to darken such windows with Jshutlcrs or heavy curtains until only n struggling my of sunlight can bo seen. If bay windows nro to expensive, n very desirable substitute can bo had by plncing two ordinnry sized windows sido by sldo with a wido capacious ledgo at the bottom for scats or for plants. A room with a window liko tins cannot fail to bo cheery, and its effect in a situ plo cottage houso is quito sumptuous. Thero is llkewiso in its favor tho fact that It Is less exposed than tho deep bay window to outer heat nnd cold. In a kitchen or a child's bedroom, or in nn nttio wliero tho walls aro low, two half- windows set sido by sldo and mado to slide or to open on hinges, admit a abroad, generous light, and givo an apartment a pretty nnd pleasing rustic air. Let tho builder endeavor to havo all rooms In dully uso, especially bed' rooms and sitting rooms, well lighted by tho sun. "To sleep in unsunned rooms, is tho unrepented sin of half tho nation," vlgorouly nfllrms a oromincnt writor. But this should not bo said of that part ol tho nation living in tho country lar from thoso towering brick walls whoso stops tako hold on base ment kitchens, and In whoso depressing shadows manyllvcs must necessarily be spent. In tho country, with a wholo s!;y to draw from, let thero bo light! If nny rooms In the house must look sole lv to tho north for illumination, let them bo tho parlor nnd tho spare cham ber. People who como and go can bo cheerful for a whllo in a north-windowed apartment, but the constant dwellers In a house need i's sunniest rooms. What Sheep-Dogs Can Do. A trial of sheep-dogs took place re cently in tho neighborhood of Ulvcrston, Westmoreland. A circlo of llvo whito lings marked out tho routo each dog was to tako, with tlireo sheop starting from a pen to tho right of tho judges. Theso sheep had been lent by tho far mers of tho district, and each trio woro of thrco distinct kinds ono Harkwicke, oao .rough sheep and one-half bred lamb. Nono of thorn had been previ ously punned togothor, which mado tho tusk moro difficult, and a fresh thrco woro usod for each trial, a rolay of sheep boing hidden away behind ono of tho mauy groystono walls, which mingled so well with tho prevailing huo of tho hillside that it was difficult to distin- 'iilsh them. Tho task laid down for tho dogs was In ovcry caso tho same Thoy had to tako tho sheep on tho out sido of tho Hags and down tho hill to n ,'ap in tho stono wall at tho foot, and so into another field, whoro was a pen of hurdles, Into which tho sheep wero to bo driven, tho nporturo being only wido cnonch to admit ono sheep nt n time Tho owners of tho dogs stood by tho judges nnd directed tho animnls by word of mouth, ns thoy drove tho flock round tho flags; but beyond tho gap thoy woro allowed to como to closor quarters, nnd on moro than one occasion tho man was supposed to havo moro to do with the penning than tho dog. Occasional ly thoy broko away boforo thoy had passed round tho hill, and novcr ap peared at tho gap at all. Somotimcs ono was penned, and tho rest obstinate- refused to ontor; ovor and ovor again thoy woro noarly in, nnd flew off' quito unexpectedly. A successful penning was greotod with prolonged cheors, for tho spectatots woro keenly alivo to the morlts of tho dogs and tho difficulty of tho task. Length of tho Mississippi. Marl: Twain mourns ovor tho dimin ished length of the Mississippi in tills strain: Thereforo, tho Mississippi be tween Cairo and New Orleans, was 12lfi mllos 170 yoars ago. It was 1180 after tho cut-off of 1722. It was 1010 after tho Amorlcan bend cut-off, somo years ago. It has lost sixty-seven miles since. Consequently, Us length Is only 07!1 miles at present. Now, if I wanted to bo ono of thoso ponderous scientific people, anil to provo what had occurred in tho long past by what had occurred in n jiven timo in tho recent past, or what will occur in tho far futuro by what has occurrod in lato yeors, what an opportunity is here! Geo logy never had such n chanco, nor such exact data to arguo from! Nor devel opment of species, either. Glacial epochs aro great things, but thoy uro vacuo vague Flcaso obsorvo. In tho spaco of 170 yoars tho Lower Mississippi has shortened itself 242 miles. That is an avorago of tt trltlo ovor ono mllo and a third per yoar. Thereforo, any calm porson, who is not blind or idiotic, can seo in tho Old Ooll tlo Silurian period, just 1,000,000 yoars ago next Novombor, tho Fowor Missis sippi rivor was upwards ot 1,800,000 miles long, nnd atuok out over the Gulf ot Mexico liko a fishing rod, And by tho samo token nny porson can seo that 742 yonrs from now tho Mississippi will bo only a mllo and a quarter long, nnd Cairo and Now Orleans will havo joined 'J'01"11 nnd t mutual nnntvl rif nlilnrmnn Thorn fa somothinc fasolnatlnc about science, Oao gots such wholosalo returns of con-1 Joctnre out oi sneh a trifling Investment of fact. The Egjpuln Feasant's way of Makng u utter. rictorUl World. Fatlmn's cntlte domestic cstabllsmcnt has no work for a cooper, for all tho vessels except an Iron pan, aro of coarso earthen ware Nor docs sho need a churn, for I saw hor from my window uso the most singular and primitive churn In tho world. Sho brought from somo mysterious corner n skin of last ycos'fl goat which had been taken from tho animal as nearly wholo ns possible To oach of what roprcsontod tho legs of the animal sho tied tho end of a cord, nnd then brought tho othor end together In a knot, nnd suspended tho wholo fo tv 1C tivo feet nbovo tho ground in tho wall. Sho now proceeded to open tho skin t tho neck nnd pour into It buf falo milk or cronm from n largo Jar. Sho blew tho skin fnll of air, and, tying: tho neck tightly with n string, sat down upon tho ground to shako it. For tivo minutes sho shook it witii both hands back and forth, tho buffalo cow herself looking on with most knowing ex pression nnd ruminating slowly tho while then tho nlr was let off and a fresh supply blovrn in from tho lungs of tho woman. This alternative slinking and supplying with air was continued for half nn hour, whon thero wns evi dently n mass of butter rolling about within tho bag. Tho buttermilk was poured off into the cream jnr nnd care fully preserved, tho bttttur squeezed in to ti coherent lump, and tho operation was completed. .Man's ScIT-Importance. Mrs. Jameson in more instances; than one shows hor belief lit self-lmpor- tnnco being man's prime quality. Hero is one tiling that breathes n hard spirit: Personal vanity in a man is sheer, un- niinglcd egotism nnd tin unfalltig sub ject of ridicule and contempt with all women, bo they wiso or foolish." The Countess ol Blcssington, who wns almost ns wlso as sho was handsome, lias loft n few outspoken opinions, of which one is that "Self possession and dignity ought to characterize a man of birth and genius, nnd n poet should neither bo gay nor flippant." Hero Is n stingor: "Mon can pity tho wrongs inflicted by other men on tho gentler sex, but never thoso which thoy them selves inflict on women." Though tho following words would apply equally well to women, it is wortli remonibcr ing as showing that lo a delicate-minded woman tho man who prides himself on being n bear, growling out unpnl atablo truths at every breath, is not considered tho pleasantest of compan ions: "Yourplain-speakiiig mon," sasy tho Countess, "aro usually cither of ob- tuso intellect or of ill-natured disposi tions, wounding tho feelings of others for want ol delicacy of mind and sonsi- bllty, or from intentional malice" Tho Countess grows concise, nnd in saying that "A woman's head is always influenced by her heart, but a man's heart Is always Influenced by his head," utters nn epigram worthy of Popo. In tho samo epigrammatic mood must this hnvo been conceived: "Groat mon direct tho events of thoir times; wlso men tako advantage of them; woak mon aro boruo down by thom." Klsc- whorosho says: "In tho society of per sons of mediocrity of intellect a clover man will appear to have less esprit than thoso around lilm who possess the least, bccau.so lie is displaced in their company." Jnpnnc.se Love of Children. I never saw peoplo tako so much do- light in thcirchildren," writes Miss Bird in her new book on tho Japanese, "car rying them about or holding their hands in walking, watching and cntoriug into their games, supplying them constantly with toys, taking thom to picnics nnd festivals, and novor being contonttobo without them. Both fathers and moth ers tako a prido in their children. It is most amusing, about G o'clock ovory morning, to sco twclvo or fourteen men sitting on a low wall, each with a child or two in his arms, fondling and play ing with It, and showing oft'its physlqua and intelligence. At night, after tho houses aro shut up, looking through tho loug fringe of rope or rattan which con coal tho sliding door, you seo tho father bending his ugly, kindly faco ovor n gentle-looking baby; and tho mothor, who moro often than not has dropped the kimono from her shoulders, enfold ing two children destituto of clothing In hor arms, Tho children, though for our ideas too gentlo nnd formal, aro very prepossessing in looks nnd behav ior. Thoy nro llttlo men and womon, rather than children, and their old-fashioned appearance. Is aided by their dress, which is tho samo as that of adults." STOCK XOTKH. It is asserted that tho dairy products of the United States hnvo twice tha valuo of tho wheat crop. A recent sale in hnglund ol 100 Hereford bulls for shipment to Buenos Ayres, shows thnt even there tho im provement of stock has commenced. Good, sweet uulk contains ouo-tourtlt moro sugar than butter; tins sugar turns to acid, and it this acid is too much dovolopcd boforo churning tho coveted aroma is destroyed. Tho Colorado Farmer says that Col. llittson who camo to tho Stato in tho year 1SC0 and engaged in cattlo raising, wns so successful that at tho timo ot his death ho was tho ownor of four largo ranches, thirty thousand head of cattlo and about tivo hundred head ot horses. Tho Elgin, 111., Hoard of Trndo aro doing a service to westorn dairymen by nutting ud neutral "lard, deodorircd ucad'-norso grcaso, and othor nauseous and dcloterious mixtures, uudor tho natuo of Wcateru crcamory butter.