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The County paper. (Oregon, Mo.) 1881-1883, February 11, 1881, Image 2

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Missouri; Columbia, MO

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90061416/1881-02-11/ed-1/seq-2/

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TI1K LOVERS.
Slly Slater, sho was a young teacher who
taught, ,
And her friend, Chatley Church was a preacher
who praughlt
Though his entailer called him a scrccchcr
who scrught.
Ills heart, when he saw her, kept sinking and
sunk,
And his eyes, meeting hers, began winking
and wunk,
While she, In her turn, fell to '.thinking and
thunk.
11 hastened to woo her and sweetly he
wood,
For his love grew, until to a mountain It
grewed,
And what he was longing to do, then he
doed.
In secret he wanted to speak, and ho spoke,
To seek with his lips what his heart long had
soke;
80 he managed to let the truth leak, and It
loke.
He hail asked her to ride to the church, and
they rode;
They so sweetly did glide, that they both
thought they glode,
And they came to the place to be ttlcd, and
were troda.
Then homeward, he said, let us drive, and
they drove j
And as soou as they wished to arrive, they nr
rove j
For whatever sho could not contrive, sho con
trove. The kiss he was dying to steal, then ho stole;
At the feet that ho wanted to kneel, then he
knole;
And he tald, "I fuel better than ever I fole.',
So they to each other kept clinging, and
clung,
"While Time bis swift circuit was winging, and
wung;
And this was the thing he was bringing and
bruug.
'The man Sally wanted to catch, and had
caught
That she wanted from others to snatch, and
had snaught
Was the one sho so liked to scratch, and she
wrought.
And Charley's warm love began freezing and
froze,
Whllo ho took to teasing, and cruelly tosse,
'The girl he had wished to be squeezing, and
squoze.
"Wretch I" bo cried, when she threatened to
leave him, and left,
How could you deceive me, as you havo de
cent" And she answered, "I promised to cleave, and
I cleft!"
STKAMJELY BEAUTIFUL.
The I.nut Dnys of n llrllllnnt ActreM-Au
Incident of the T.lfe of Allah Inline Sun
ken Wlitch T.cd to Her Dentil.
New York CorrMpondoice St. Louis Poit.
In one of our up-town ploturo galler
ies is a beautiful portrait, which is at
tracting considerable attention. It is
Menken, tho Amazonian actress. Look
ing at it tho other day, it recallod an
incident in her life that has never been
told, and is worth rotating.
One of tho strangest characters tho
world has over seen was Ada Isaacs
.Menkon a queor mixture of sensuality
and mentality, impocsiblo to fathom
Her outward life is a mattor of history,
and it would bo useless enumerating its
chequered ovonts. Her inner llfo sho
gavo tho world a gllmpso of in tho small
volumo of pooms sho published shortly
bcioro her doath, somo of them eou
taining tho most profound thought, wo
von into tho most poetlo language Liv
ing a llfo that was an open doflnnco of
all moral law, ponsual to tho cxtromo
in all of her passions, sho had a mind
mo most uoiicato anu sensitive I over
mot with; a strange being, sho mot with
a strango fato.
When sho first wont to England sho
set London ablaze with exoltomont
mi . t . a
jLiiousanus mrongcu Antloy's ovory
night to soo nor in "Mazeppa," and as
many watched her day alter day driving
up tno "Mail" witn her team of ponies
Duchesses passed by unnoticod, ovon, if
thoy woro young and beautiful, it la
bollo Menken was in sight. Apparently
Impassive, oastlng glancos nt no one,
with no companion oxcept her "tiger'
behind her, sho swept over tho mall tho
observed of all observers. I had fro
quently watched her there, little think-
ing.ttiat 1 should soon know moro of
this strangoly fascinating woman.
I was then a student at Guy's hospital
and ono ovonlng the house Hurgeon
gentleman who has slnco becomo fa
mous In his profession, said: "Lot us
go and soo this Menkon tho peoplo aro
going crasy over, nave you seen
horP"
"No, exoopting In tho park, whoro
havo seon hor driving."
"Kathor a queer character, I hear?
But wo will go and study tho lady ana
tomically, as sho glvos plenty of oppor
tumty for It."
In a fow momonts wo woro rolling
through Iho borough In a hamsora-cab
to Astloy's, which is situated at tho
southorn ond of Westminster bridge
Purchasing two stall tickets, wo entered
In nil of tho European theators, thoro
aro threo or four rows of soats next to
tho orohostra, railed off; theso are called
oroh'estra stalls, and oonsldorcd tho best
seats In tho house. Tho'placo was Jam
mod high and low, and It will hold
small city. Tho play commenced. Thero
was but llttlo oxeitomont until Menkon
camo on, whon deafening applauso
rolled through tho house Sho was not
vory beautiful In faoo, but hor flguro
was a modol of symmetrical boauty.
Wo havo all raved aboutthatmarvolous
marblo nt Floronco that tho sculptor
scorns to huyo imbuod withlifo, but ono
glanco at Adah Isaaos Menkon, ns sho
stood that night In hor royal boauty,
and you would say with Byron:
"I've seen lovelier women ripe and real
Than all tho nonsense of their stono Ideal."
Tho play prooeoded. It Is needless to
say how it' was put on. It was perhaps
ono ot tho greatest thoatrloal spootaolos
over seon, with a stago as largo as tho
wholo of ono of our theaters. Tho steed
fairly gallopod ovor tho mountains of
Tartary, appearing and reappearing in
tho distnnco until tho horso and tho
living iorm bound on his back appeared
small in tho porspoctlvo.
Suddenly n slight noiso and a fnlnt
scroam woro hoard. Thero was a buzz
through tho houso, tho curtain was rung
down, Thon tho managor stepped to
tho front and stated that Ml 3 Monkcn
had mot with a slight accident (nccidonta
aro always slight under such oircum
htnnces.) If thero was a doctor in tho
houso would ho plcaso como around.
Wo woro sitting closo to tho front. My
chief said, "Follow mo," nnd boforo
you could say Jack Robinson wo had
scrambled through tho orchestra and
over tho foot lights to tho stngo. Tho
manager led us to tho green-room.
Thoro upou the floor lay Iho beautiful
Metikun, hor slik tights stained with
crimson blood. "I don't think I am
hurt much, doctor," sho said, "I'm
only frightened." In turning ti corner
tho horso had'gono too near ono ot tho
fl.tts and had grazed her limbs, tearing
tho llesh all down. Expedition was re
quired. Tho room wn3 cleared nnd wo
were soon tit work. Tho wound, which
was not dangerous, but must havo been
cxtrcmel painful, was soon dressed,
and 1 ho patient taken to hor homo nt
Bronipton. Tho performance of "Ma
zeppa" was not concluded that night;
tho audience disporscd! after having
been Informed of tho naturo of tho in-
urios tho lady had received. It was
my duty day aftor day to visit her; tho
wound soon healed, but tho mental
shock romalnod. "I havo been," sho
said, "for years in constant drood of
somo accident of this kind, nnd tho
fright moro than tho hurt has prostrated
mo; I Shall novor recover."
Wo laughed nt what wo thought her
Idlo fears, but thoy proved to bo true.
This girl, in tho vigor of ho womnnhood,
full of passionate life, with every senso
strung to its highest tension n magulfl
cont animal, such as Du Marlcr loves to
Iraw and Lawrence or Swlnburno de
scribe bognn slowly but almost Imuor-
optlbly to fado away. For months sho
was carefully watched, then travel was
prescribed, and sho wonf on tho conti
nent. A low months later I received a
telegram dated from Paris:
"Come nnd seo mo boforo I dio."
I lost but llttlo tlmo in reaching tho
gay capital, but it was too late. Thoy
say sho died of consumption; sho died
lrora tho norvous shock caused by tho
accident I havo rolated. In hor later
lays tho powor of hor mind developed
itself, ns hor physical powers weakened.
In her health and streugth mentality
soomod to bo ovorshadowod bv hor
animalism. But as tho body decayed,
tho mind nsaorted itself, nnd sho wroto
thoso pooms, somo of which nro as
beautiful as anything in tho English
language Sho was burled in Poro la
Chalso, in a secluded cornor of that
beautiful city of tho dead, noar to tho
well known monument of Abelard and
IIololso, In an unprotonding marblo
tomb, with her namo, ago und dato of
doath upon it, and hor opitaph, writton
by herself, in tho words,
"THOU KNOWEST."
POPULATION OF OUU CITIES.
The Census Iteturns from 108 Clllca nf
the United Htutee.
Thl following l a lint, nf 1IW 'm .1..
United States, with their population in 1SS0.
compared with 10 years before :
1SS0
Albany, N. Y. 711216
IS70.
09,422
13,833
10,010
53,180
21,973
0,769
10.00(1
4.438
17,225
11,103
237 804
13,090
8,140
12 029
14,t0)
25'(,5;i0
300,093
8,000
117,714
14,030
89,031
21 045
5,041
4S.W15
, 0,485
' 9,007
2118,007
8,920
210,29
0,193
0J.W9
13 357
7 401
81.274
12 241
10,030
4,500
8,724
3),434
20.075
13,034
4,757
79,578
0,290
18,430
n,avj
10.047
20S30
15.803
12.704
Aiientown, vt 18,103
Altoona. Pa ID 087
Allegheny, l'a 78,473
Atlanta, ua 45,000
Attleborouirb. Macs 11 ins
Athens, 0 10,100
Austin, Texas 11.003
Auburn, N. Y 83,03)
Ij&ltlmore.Md 333,000
Belleville, 111 10,712
iiiuKuuutiuu, rt. x 17,110
liloomlngtou, 111 17,830
Hoiton, Mass.. 381,50:5
Brooklyn, N. Y BW 405
Brockton, Mhsj 13,5!)3
lluffalo, N. Y I49,f00
Burl ngton, In 13,1,75
(.ambrldgp. Mass 81,083
Camden. N. , 1 41714
Cdnr Kapld, la 10,170
Charleston. 8. C 49,034
Chester, Pa 15,038
Chlcopec. Mass 11,327
Chicago, III 503 053
Chllllcothe, 0 10 793
Cincinnati, 0 235,804
ChaUanoogs, Tenn 13,580
Cleveland, O 159.404
Ohoes, N. Y 2) 12J
Columtius, Oa 10,133
Columbus. 0 51 337
Concord. N. U l!l!84l
Council Uluffi, la 18 509
)allas,Tex. aj,400
Danbury, Conn 11,810
Dayton, O.. 89 000
Davenport, la ai.885
Des Moines, la 22 09(1
Denver, Gal .35'710
Detroit, 1 Mich 119,7110
Dover, K. II lr r.03
Dubuque, la,., 33 270
Kt fiaglnaw, Mich 19 005
Krle, Pa 27211
Elraira, N, Y !M.!iT8
Fond du Lac. Wl T3&4
Fall niver.Mass........:.
Fort Wayne, Iud 20 MS
Oalesburg, III 11,451
Or.nd Hapldj, Mich : :i2 037
Hamilton, O 1 Vxi
jlarrlsbur'g. Pa.......:...
Hartford, Conn 42 n4
Houston, Tex io'o'u
Indianapolis, Ind 75,0:11
Jackson, Mich 151)
.lacktonvllle. III... n'o&o
city, n.j :;: i0j$o
80.7BO
,17,717
10,153
18,507
43 818
11.01
21.105
37.(81
0,aS3
48,574
11.547
0,201
83,540
11,7511
82,2V3
12,7(V3
31,474
8,033
11012
keokukria':: r :."". m
I Kingston, N. Y.....V.V..V .18 870
VKnoivllle.Tenn 13,9
j.a wrasse, wis 10 1)5!
Lawrence, Mass an 400
Lancaster, Pa. 05840
Lafayette, Ind 1.1 101
Llttlo Hock, Ark I..; $
Lincoln, Neb , 13774
Logansport, Ind n'na
Louisville, ky " V2$5
Lowell, Mass,.,.., , 0120a
Los Aneeles, Gal n'oso
Lynn, Mass... 88,578
Lynchburg. Va 10,800
Madison, Wis., 10,427
Manchester, N. II 83,473
Maiden, Mass 13,004
Macon, Oa 13,095
Marlborough, Mass 10,141
Memphis, Tenn 81,200
Mcrlden, Conn 18,108
Milwaukee, Wis 180,000
Minneapolis, Minn 48,323
Mobile, Ala 85,037
Muskegon, Mich 11,800
Nashville, Tenn 43 877
Nashua, N. II 13,453
Newark, N.J , 135,033
Newberg, N. Y 18,073
J3.U31
3J,233
13,500
12,380
2,075
8.950
100,000
40,923
5.72.3
28,883
0,820
9.170
23,530
7,10
10,817
8,470
40.234
15.595
71,440
13,CC9
33.034
8,505
25.865
10,513
105,059
17,011
New Albany, Ind t 17,500
New Haven, Conn 03,000
New Orleans, La 215,131
New York, N. Y 1,200,577
Nornralk, Conn 14,000
Norrlstown, Pa 13,200
New Castle, Va 10,292
New Brunswick, N. J 17,311
Oakland. Cal 3-VOO
Omaha, Neb 80,000
Oswego, N. Y 20,733
Ogdensburg, N. Y 10,277
Oshkosh, Wis 15,753
I'aterson, N. J 58 000
Pawtuckct, K. 1 10,530
Peoria, 111 81.708
Philadelphia, Pa 647,553
Pittsburg, Pa 121,077
Pottsvllle, Pa 13,340
Portland, Mc 83,705
Pouchkeepjle, N. Y 20,203
Providence, 11. 1 104 500
Qulncy, Mass 10,571
UUlncy, III 27,428
lUclne, WW 10,013
Heading, Pa 43,230
Elgin, III 10,010
Ulchmond, Vn Q3,5(K)
Hock Island, 111 11,011
Hockford, III i:t,03
Itoehester, N. Y 89 493
Itomc, N. V 13 015
ltutlnnd, Vt 13,533
San Joc, Cal 12.(Wi
facramcnto, Cal 2l,a"i3
Stm FrancWco, 'al Stf.mi
San Antoulo, Tex 2),694
Sandusky, O I5,ouo
ytamfonl, Conn 11,319
fprltifillold, O 23,500
PprlnL'fli'ld. Ill HMN
SaL'ltiaw Cltv, Mich 10,430
Salt Lake, Utah 11.0 0
Rtvannah, (la 80,707
Scrantmi, Pa.... 4V760
South Bend, Ind 13,192
Surlnclleld, Mass : 8,139
St. Louis, Mo 35u,M5
St. Paul, Minn 41,019
8t. JoJCpli, Mo 35.0JO
8t. Ausustlue. Fla 20,R50
Syrncuee, N. Y 53.210
Stockton, Cal 10.CCO
Tcrre Haute, Ind 20,510
Toledo, O MC35
Trenton, N.J ao,5'0
Troy, N. Y 58,594
Utlca, N. Y 83,923
Vlcksburg, Mies 11,003
Waltham, Mass 11, SOO
Washlneton. D . C 101,000
Whco Ing. W. Va 31,000
Weymouth, Mas 10,400
Watertown, N Y 10,015
Woonsockct, K.I 10,000
Watcrbury, Conn 23,000
Wilkesbarre, Pa 21,340
Wilmington, Del 43,000
Wilmington, N. C 17,005
Winona, Minn 10.1S7
Worcester. Mass 58,233
Woburn, Mass 10.7f2
Yonkers, N. Y 18,931
16.RS0
5184D
191,418
912,292
13.130
10,7.-)3
7 599
15,053
40,600
10.0S3
20,910
10.170
13,043
a3,57P
12,000
23,809
047,023
80 070
12,884
31,413
20,080
05,904
7,443
24,031
0.880
S3 93)
7,(00
51,03
7.S99
11,049
03,359
11,000
0,000
,fwa
10 383
139 (73
is,ri
13 000
11.274
12.0V3
17,304
10,004
12.0(10
23,233
3.1,072
7,101
20.700
310,804
20,030
17,565
11.75J
43,051
10,000
10,101
3t.53(
32,874
40,405
28 SIM
12,443
9,005
109,199
19,280
0,010
9,331
11,527
10,820
17,24
80,841
13,410
7,200
40,103
8,500
17,209
HISTOlUCAli.
Uriimli'iillicr of PrcHlttcnt Lin
coln. Abraham Lincoln, tho grandfather of
tho President of that namo, was killed
by Indians on Llnkhorn's Run, as tho
stream in Kentucky was then called.
His blood ran into tho stream which over
slnco has borne his name. Ho was found
with tho strings of his powder horn
wound round his neck. This powder-
horn passed from ono neighbor to anoth
er, and finally loll into tho bauds of a
Mr. Brown, who fortvnrdcd it to tho
Lincoln Memorial Association at Spring-
hold, 111. It boro tno owner'? namo and
an oaglo with sproad wings carved in
bold rolief.
The ISatllo ot Itong iMlnnd.
Tho heaviest loss Inllictcd upon tho
Amoricanarms in any batllo of tho Rev
olutionary war was nt tho battlo of Long
Island 2,000 In killed, wounded nsd
prisoners. But 10,000 Amorienns wero
engaged, and tho loss was only 20 per
cent. Al tho Battlo of Hubbardton Vt.,
700 patriots engaged 1,200 British
troops, nnd 321 woro killed or wounded
nearly 50 porcont. At Guilford Court
Houso, Gen. Grecno lost 1,200 out of
4,-1000-a loss of 30 per cont.
JliHtory oI'CSIovch.
Gloves havo a strango, eventful his
tory. In tho third century a glutton
named Pithylius novor dined without
glo'cs. This enabled him to soizo, bo
foro his follow guests, tho hot moats
with rapidity; anil to provont his tonguo
from being burned ho had it incased in
a leather sheath. Tho origin of gloves
is uuecrtain. Howovor, in tho eleventh
contury, tho nobles wore gloves, highly
ornamented with cameos, rubies, pearls
and emeralds. Tho dignitaries of tho
Venotian Kopublio woro gloves, heavily
pmbroldorcd with gold and pearls.
Carlomagno was as famous for his splen
did gloves as for his ivalnut wino.
Lator, Italy and Spain introduced tho
fashion of wcaritrg gloves, with sub-
sots paintod thoroon like lans. In tho
sixteonth and following century, sover
eigns accepted presents of gloves, which
was moro paollio than picking ono up
when thrown down.
'1'Iic CutncoiuliH ofl'arlH.
Harper's Youna rcoplc.
Iho vast catacombs by which a largo
portion of tho olty of Paris nro under
mined woro only known by popular
tradition until tho your 1774, whon somo
alarmiug aco.dents aroused tho atten
tion of tho Government. Tho old quar
ries wero thon survoyod and plans of
them taken, and tho result was tho
irightful discovory that tho churches,
palaces and most ot tho southorn part
of P rls was undermined, and In groat
dangor ot sinking into tho pit below
thorn. A special commission wns ap
pointed, and on tho vory day it mot a
houso in ono of tho stroots sunk ninoty
ono foot bolow tho level of its court
yard. Tho pillars which had boon loft
by tho quarrymon, In tholr blind opera
tions, without any regularity, 5voro In
places too weak for tho enormous
weight abovo, and in most places had
thorasolvcs boon undormlnod, or per
haps originally stood upon ground
which had previously boon hollowed.
Tho aqueduct of Arcuoll passed ovor
this troachorous ground; it had alroady
sufforcd somo shooks, and, if tho quar
rles bad oontlnucd to bo nogloolod, an
acoidont mut, soonor or lator, havo
happenod to this watorcourso, which
would havo cut oil its supply from tho
fountains of Paris, and havo flllod tho
oxoavations with 5yator. Ropairs woro
forthwith commenced and promptly
comploted, and a portion of tho old
quarries 5vas devoted to roooivo tho
bones of tho doad. This toott plaoo In
April, 1780; tho remains of tho dead
woro removed at night in. funoral cars
covered with a pall, nnd followed by
priests ohantlng tho sorvico of tho dead
When thoy roaohod tho catacombs tho
bonos woro shot down a well, and tho
rattling and eoholng which thoy mado
In their fall woro as iraprcsslvo as any
sound ovor hoard by human oars. Thus
tho limostono quarries that had supplied
tho mntorials for building tho superb
monuments, palaces and houses of Paris
becamo hugouharnol-houses, which thoy
now romaln. Calculations dlflor as to
tho numbor of bones colloctodln tho
catacombs, but it is cortaln that thoy
contnin tho romnins of nt least 3,000,000
of human bolngs.
Washington the Old and tho New
Walblng'on Corrcipondcncc.
Eighty years ago, when Pres. Adams
removed from Philadelphia to Washing
ton and took possesion of tho great
houso in which Pres. Hayes now resides,
it was only finished in part, and Mrs.
Adams used tho famous Ki9t room as a
convenient placo for drying olothus.
What Is now tho City, thon contained a
population of about 2,500, scattered at
long distances and living mostly in ex
temporaneous shanties. Pennsylvania
nvonuo wns cut through a forest nnd n
swamp, and was scarcely passable on
account of tho mud. A lettor ot that
day says: "In going to assemblies ono
hnd to drlvo threo or four mllos and
vory ofton at tho risk of nn ovorturn or of
being stuck in tho mud." Mrs. Adams,
In writing to her daughtor on tho 21st
of Novombor, 1800, says sho arrived tho
Sunday beforo, aftor n toilsomo and
dismal rldo through tho 5voods from
Baltimore "Hero, and thoro," sho says,
In speaking of her journoy, "is a small
cot without n gloss window, intcrsporscd
among tho forests through whleh you
travel mllos without soolng a human bo
ing." Tho houso, in Washington, sho
says, "is on a grand and suporb scalo
requiring about 30 servants" (for houso
and stables,) but without a boll in it
and requiring itnmcnso fires to keep it
comfortable Sho is a llttlo disposed to
complain of tho crudo condition of
every thing, but says. "If they will put
mo up somo bolls and lot mo havo wood
enough to koep tho fires I design to bo
pleased; but surrounded with forests,
can you bollovo that wood is not to bo
had, becauso peoplo cannot bo found to
cut and cart it." Further on sho adds;
"Wo havo not tho loast fonco, yard or
othor convenience, without, and tho
principlo stairs aro not up; but six
chambers aro mado comfortablo." In
another lottor, writton a 5vcek lator (tho
27th) sho says:
"Tho vessel 5vhleh has my clothes and
othor matters has not arrlvod. Tho
ladies aro impatient for a drawing room
but I havouo looking glnssos but dwarfs,
nor a twontloth part of lamps enough to
light it. You can scarco boliovo that
hero in this wilderness City I should
find my tlmo so occupied as it is. But
my visitors come, somo of them, threo
nnd four mllos, and, to return ono of
them, is tho work of a day. Mrs. Otis,
ray nearest neighbor, is nt lodgings al
most half a milo from mo, and Mm.
Senator Otis two mllos.
President Adams like Washington,
lived in great stato, and his lovecs and
ceremonies woro modlod aftor tho courts
of European kings, for 5vhlch howovor,
thoro was but a limited scopo in n City
of shanties planted in a forest with tho
tumblo down villago ot Georgoton as its
chief resource But ho camo hero only
about threo months beforo tho expiration
of his term and, when Jollorson was
promoted from tho Vico Presidency to
tho Prosidoncy ho put his loot on nil tho
shams of court otiquetto, rotusod to hold
any levees, did away with all uxtra cere
mony at his table, and whon ho was in
augurated rodo to tho capitol ou horse
back, dismounted and hitched his own
horso, and whon the coromony was com
pleted returned to tho Whtto Houso in
tho samo simplo fashion.
Slnco thon tho population of two thous
and has boeomo o hundred and fifty thous
and nnd tho old slave aristocracy which
was tho only class that touchod tho Presi
dential mansion, has boon sloughod off
aid a now generation now blood and now
Ideas havo taken possession of tho torost
capitol. For many years it 5vas famous
tho world ovor as tho "City of magnlh
contdisttneos;" but now thoso distances
havo been flllod in by long rows of brick
buildings, tho mud has dopartod from
our streets, tho forests havo glvon placo
to olegant dwellings. Tho broad-roadways
aro paved with conoroto and shad
ed tor miles and miles by young maples
and elm? and no City in tho world is so
truly beautiful.
Mrs. Adams complains that tho build
ings nro fow and not complotod; that
thoy aro scattorod at long dlstanoos nnd
thoro can bo fow comforts for tho thon
approaohing Congress. Tho change in
this regard is grantor oven, than tho
othor chnngos. Bosldos our great hotels
and ondloss boarding houses, many pub-
blio ofllcers, Senators and mombcrs, havo
bought or built housos for thomsolvcs
and llvo ns ologantly and ontortain as
genorously as tho foremost citizen aceu
pylng tho Presidential mansion. Moro
and moro gentiomon of lolsuro, literary
mon nnd soholars liko Bancroft, distin
guished army ofllcers, Judges of Su
premo Court, and rotlrod merchants
havo found tho attractions ot Washing
ton so groat that they havo oomo hero
tomako it tholr permanent rosidonco,
Hons, lioyard ana Uidrannus own
housos side by sido on Massachusetts
aronuo noar tho Thomas olrolc, and aro
understood to bo warm friends. Just
aoross Massachusetts nvonuo on another
part of tho samo olrolo, lives Son. Mor
rill, of Vermont, and a llttlo way to tho
oast llvos ox-Mlnlstor Sohenok. Thoy
all havo delightful places, worth $15,
000 to $30,000 eaoh. On flftoouth
street, botwoon tho Thomas olrolo nnd
tho Treasury is the houso ot Son, Blaino,
worth, perhaps, $30,000. During tho
session it is a houso through which beau
tho pulsations of tho capital. It is In
stinct with life, and across its door sills
pass tho boauty ond fashion, tho thought
nnd learning of tho Nation.
Tho houso of Soo. Shorman is on K
street, fronting a beautiful park and
flanked by olegant buildings containing
f ho flowor of our population. Son. Win
dom, of Minnesota, has a very olegant
rcsldcnco on Vermont, nvonuo, in tho
samo neighborhood. Son. Cameron, ns
yot, lives in a rented houso, but his now
building will soon bo ready for occupa
tion, and will bo a lovely house when it
takes in its furniture nud occupants.
Son. Pendleton also rents a houso located
on I street. Ho lives liberally nnd keeps
hlslatch-strliig out. Son. Thurman has
n modest houso on Fourteenth street,
north ol tho Treasury, and lives quietly
with his books, welcoming his intimate
frlunds but 'not indulging in much pa
rade. Fornnudo Wood lives by tho s'.do
of Mr. Blaino, nud, liko him, sees much
company. Mr. Conkling has his homo
at Worniloy's, just north of tho Treas
ury, and, of courso, docs not keep
houso.
Son. Jones, tho "placer" Sonator of
Novada, ronts tho splendid houso of Bon
Butlor noar tho Capitol, and lives away
many times tho valuo of his salary.
Gen. Ko tch am, of Now York, has nn
ologant homo on K strcot, said to bo
5vorth $75,000, and Levi P. Morton, tho
banker mombor from Now York, who Is
spokon of lcr Mr. Garllold's Seerotary
of tho Treasury, has a largo and prlnco
ly mansion on II stroot. Spoakor Ran
dall has a houso not far from tho Capi
tol, but his wifo is not fond of promis
cuous company and ho Is not famous ns
a liberal liver.
This list might bo largely extended;
but this is Kuflicicnt to show tho ten
dency of tho times and to glvo a faint idea
of what is to bo tho 1 uturo of this City,
which, 80 years ago, straggled through
tho forests of Maryland with a stretch
of threo miles between tho Whlto House
aud tho Capitol. Tho days ot its stumps,
and swamps, and mud havo long slnco
gono by and tho days of its glory havo
dawned. Wo must guess 5vhat will bo
its future
PRACTICAL SCIENCE.
CSlaNH lVom Nlur
It is reported that works for tho manu
facture of glass from slag havo bcon
started at Poughkeopslo, N. Y., though
with whnt success wo aro uot informed.
Tho process has met with considerable
success abroad, and thoro should bo no
difficulty in making itprofitablohoro.
Clicnp Uni.
Tho town of Leeds, in England, it is
reported, is supplyed with gas at a cost
of Is. lOd. per 1,000 cubic fcot. This is
snid to bo tho lowctt prlco at which-gas
has ovct boon sold In Great Britain
nud wo may safely add or olsowherc.
Tho ohcapouing of prico, it is added,
has greatly stimulated tho general use,
in tho borough, of gas for fuel and for
ruuning gas-pngincs.
Mill lEulNine.
Tho Women's Silk Association of tho
United States, with hoadquartors in
Philadelphia, shows signs of vigorous
vitality. At tho lato Stato Agricultural
Exhibition, hold in tho main building of
tho Centennial Exhibition, tho Society
had nnndnihublo display of silk-worms,
cocoons and rcolod silk, which attractod
universal interest, and which wns prop
erly acknowledged by tho roward of a
number of prizos.
Hoap from Mineral OIU.
Tho Fronch patent of MM. Barbloux
& Rosior, under tho titlo of Savon do
Benzlno, describes amothodof saponfy
ing all tho nnturnl minornl oils, ns woll
as thoso obtainod from sohist, asphalt,
and similar sources, by adding to tho
oils in quostion about 15 por cont. of
stonrlo nold, and thon threo parts of
animal groaso to two parts of tho acidi
fied petroleum. Such a process, it it
works smoothly, should possess groat
practical value
EtrcntlilnR Carbonic Acia.
Tho dangerous proportios of carbonic
oxido havo long boen known an atmos
phere which contains only a llttlo of this
gas may produco poisoning nnd doath.
Somo exact experiments on this subjeot
havo now boon dosorlbod to tho Fronch
Academy by M. Grohant. Ho concludes
that a man, or ono of tho lower animals,
compelled to brcatho for half an hour
in an atmosptaoro oontainlngonly l-779th
ofonrbonio oxido nbsorbs tho gas in
such quantity that about ono-half of tho
red blood corpusolcs combltio with tho
gas and becomo incapablo of absorbing
oxygon; In an atmosphere contninln
i- iiihii oi caroonta oxiuo about ono
fourth o tho rod corpuscles combine
with this gas.
Itlnrino Aiiimul Ml'. A
Sir Wyvlllo Thompson, in whole
ohargo tho Challongor docp-son expir
ing oxpeuition wns mauo, oonsluors Bio
most lirmnrtunt. anil rqmnrlrnliln htnlrWrl.
cal result of tho work of tho Challonver
to no tno iinal establishment ot tho fact
that, contrary to tho established belief,
the distribution of living bolngs in tho
sea has no depth-limit, but that animals
of all tho marlno lnvortobrato olasses,
and probably fishes also, oxlst ovor tho
wholo floor of tho ocean. Ho is unwil
ling to speak positively as to tho oxaot
naturo of tho llfo oxlstlng at tho great
est dopths, but from a doptli of somo
two thousand fathoms specimens woro
scoured proving tho oxlstouoo of a vast
nud varlod assorablago of living inhabi
tants moro than two and a quartor miles
beneath tho surface
'I'lic Fcbrnury EIvcnluK HUy.
Tho brilliant star that Is seon In tho
south west Is Venus. Sho is uoaring
tho oarth and grows moro respondent
Venus will pass Jupiter, tho bright star
in tho south, in gcoccntrio longitudo
Fob. 22od. Thon being between Jupiter
nnd Saturn. Saturn is tho paler star
nit thor cast on tho lino of tho ecliptic.
Which collptio lies In a direction south
west to north cast. Tho lino of tho
Milky Way which has boon east and
wost in Dee will ns tho earth advances
on hor courso, bo sc( n in March to lio
north nnd south nt ovoning. Noptuno
lies a llttlo onst ol Saturn, but invlslblo
to tho naked oyo. These stars will bo
scon to inovo to tho west ns tho earth
will inovo nway from them. East of
Noptuno nro two clustors. Ploladcs
nbovo, nnd hnrrow shaped Hyadcs,
Further cast nro tho brightest constella
tions of tho sky. Tho throo bright stars
in a row, with bluo Rlgel to tho right,
nnd red Botolgucx to tho loft, nnd bluo
Uellntrix but li ttlo nbovo, aro nil Jn Orion,
(pronounced with tho 1 long, nnd ac
cented.) Tho vory bright fixed star be
low is Slrius, tho Dog Star, In tho con
stellation Canis Major. Canls moans
dog, whllo to tho east is a lono bright
stnr in Canis Minor Llttlo Dog. This
last star is bluo Procyon. Siriua (green)
is tho largest of tho fixed stars, but dif
fers from Venus nnd Jupitor, ns thoy
aro planets and do not twinkle To tho
north onst nro tho twin stars, Castor
and Polux, in Gomlni. Abovo nnd to
tho north Is pnlo bluo Capolla. Furthor
north cast is a large area without largo
stars. Looking along tho lino of the
ecliptic, passing tho constollntion Can
cer, which is marked by only a whlto
patch, forming a Nebula called tho Bco
Hive, wo como to Leo, tho Lion. This
is mnrkod by a cluster of stars, in tho
form of an old fashioned sickle Tho
brightost' star is whlto Rogulus, near
which is tho planet Uranus, (accent on
tho first syllable.) Tho Earth passes
Rcgulu3 nnd Uranus Mnreh 1, '81
.E J. Coucn.
JIutlcr.
In Sweden tho dairy maids aro sent
to collcgo and cdueatod in dairy man
agement for six months, nt tho end ot
which timo thoy rccoivocortllloatc3 nnd
aro considered competent to work in
largo dairies. Their instructions nro
very doflnlto as to every feature of tho
operation of butter making, including
tho quality of tho salt and tho coloring
mutter, nnd tho focd of tho cnttlo; tho
quality of tho butter is consequently un
iform.. A part of a lot of Cork butter
may somotimos bo sent back by tho
wholcsalo doalcr becauso it is not equal
to tho rest, but this is said novor to havo
happened with Danish buttor. Tho so-
lection of tho cows and tho feeding of
thorn nro tho first, important points in
tho business. Tho Danish dairymen
kcop their cows tothcred during tho
summer in "splendid clover and ryo
grass," and feed thorn in winter exclu
sively with olovor hay, llnsood cako,
and rapo cako. Tho milk is sot in such
n way that tho cream shall bo got off
whilo it is still perfectly sweet, for thoy
will not churn It if It is in any othor con
dition. Tho proper tomporaturo for
churning, which is from 57 to CO do
grcos, is essential, and tho churning
should not bo continued too long. Tho
best buttor makors stop churning at tho
vory moment tho buttor appears in tho
form of grains liko shot. Thoy pass off
tho buttermilk through a strainor, then
put tho buttor back 5vith tho 5vatcr, gi5'0
it a fow moro turns in tho churn, strain
again, and repeat tho operation till tho
wator runs off as clear and bright as
when it was put in. Salt is added by
woight, at tho rato of six pounds of salt
to a hundred-weight of butter, by being
sprinkled over tho buttor nftor it has
boon spread out in layers; a fow turns
arogivon tho mass with tho butter-worker,
nnd tho process is comploto.
Kutr OyMter.
Tho practico of cooking is not equal
ly necessary in regard to all articles of
food. Thoro aro Important differences in
this respect, nnd is it interesting to noto
how correctly tho cxporlcnco of man
kind has guided thorn in this mattor.
Tho articles of food which wo still uso In
tho uncooked stato aro comparatively
fow; and it is uot difficult in oachoaso
to Indicate tho reason of tho exemption.
Fruits, which 5VO consumo largoly in a
rtm stato owo their ulotetio valuo cliiot
ly To tho sugar which thoy contain; but
sugar is not altered by cooking. Milk
is consumod by us botli cooked nnd un
cooked, indifferently; for I havo found
onf trial that tho digostion ot milk by
panoreatlo extract was not appreciably
haftened by previously boiling tho
Ik. Our practico in regard to tho
ystor is qulto exceptional, and turn-
alios a striking oxamplo of tho gonoral
correctness ot tho popular judgmont
diutotiodigostlons. Tho oyster Is al
most tho only animal substanoo which
worfathabltually, and by proforonco, in
thWraw or uncooked stato, and it is in
teresting to know that thoro is a sound
physiological reason nt tho bottom of
this preferonee Tho f awn-colored mass
5ioh constitutes tho dainty part of tho
oystor is its liver, and this Is llttlo olso
than a heap of glycogen. Associated
with tho glycogon, but withhold from
actual contact with it during llfo, is its
appropriate dlgestlvo ferment; tho he
patio diastase' The more crushing of
tho dainty between tho toeth brines
j "
thoso two bodlos together, and thogly-yvillo,
cogon i3 at onoo digostcd, without other
help, by its own dlastaso. Tho oystor
in tho uncooked stato, or morely warm
ed, is, in fact, solf.dlgestlvo. But tho
advantage of this provision is wholly
lost by cooking, for tho hontomplood
immodiatly destroys tho assoolatod fer
ment, and a oookod oystor has to bo di
gested, liko any othor food, by tho out
er's own dlgestlvo powers.
Thurlow Weed Is a honrty supporter
of tho Irish land agitation.
TUB DEAD MOON.
The moon Is In a state of decrepitude,
ded world. Froctor't Ltdurts.
The moon Is ded def unct ply ed out
Bo tsys aver; learned doctor;
Bho looketh well, beyoxd a doubt;
rerhsps she's In a trance, dear Proctor.
At any rate, she's most entrancing
For one ot such decrepit ago;
And on hor radiant beauties glancing, '
She charms tho eyes ot youth and sago.
And so tho man upon hor's perished 1
lie lived In doleful Isolation;
Poor wretch I No wife his bosom cherished,
No children tquillcd his consolation.
Tet she's adored by all tho gypsies,
Whose lovers sigh beneath her beams;
She aids the steps of staggering tlpsles,
And silvers o'er romantic streams.
And oncu sho caught Eadymlon sleoptng,
And stooped to kiss him In a grove,
Upon hlui very slowly creeping;
lie was net first and early love.
But that's a very ancient story,
And was a youthful Indiscretion;
Whon sho was In her primal glory,
Ere scandal schools had held a session,
Dear darling moon I Idoto upon her,
I watch her nightly In tho sky;
But oh I upon my word of honor,
I'd rather sho were dead than I.
WIT AND HUMOR.
In Germany the grass widow goes back to
her fodder.
When Is a young lady like a muslc-boxt
When sho Is full of airs.
Bamson's strength depended upon his hair,
but a Woman's hair drnnnrts nnon t.hnntrpntrth
ef her hair-pins.
Tho kind of Slavs that plrls ilka hpatnlmnf
their waists are the ones that stay Sunday eve
nings, so we aro told.
A familiar Instance of eolor MlmWun U
that of a man taking a brown silk umbrella
and leaving a green gingham ono In its
place.
"What docs a woman want to mil. nn
gloves In hot weather fori" asks a malo
subscriber. "Why, to keep her hand in,
stupid."
Accident lnsuranco companies now ask ap
Icants for policies : "Do vou ever eo within
halt a mtlo ot an archery club at practice!"
An clllrmatlvo answer socks on tho double
rates lor ordinal y risks.
"Father, tho lecturer In tho hall tonlirht
said that lunar rays were ocly concentrated
luminosity ot the earth's satellite. Wbatdo
you think about Itl" "All moonshine, my
eon all moonshine."
" "What are your polltlcsl" tho chaplain of
the I'enltentlarv asked an Intelligent looklntr
convict. "I have not come out for anybody
yet," replied tho convict, gazing placidly
through tho bars.
"Well, sonnv. whero did vou zct that black
cycl" inquired a kindly gentleman of n street
urchin. "Oh, a fellow called my brother's
hat a swill-dipper, and he was bigger than I
thought lie was."
"'Tls said that absenco conquers love,'
quoted a husband In writing homo to bis wlfo
ironi wnom uo nan oeen somo iimo away, "i
hopo, dear, It won't bo so lu yourcase." "Oh,
no." sho rcolled. la her iiert letter, "the
longer you stay away the better I shall like
you."
"Introduce mo to your Intended," said his
friend. "Sho Is not mv Intended: sho Is mv
wife." "Pshaw I You wcio hiiirglng and
kissing bcr almost In public." "Yes, but wo
have been married only a month, und I had
forgotten that she was my wife."
A' handsome lady entered a dry good house
and Inquired for a "bow." The pollto clerk
threw himself back and remarked that ho was
at her service. "Yes. but I want a buff, not a
green one," was the reply. The young man
went on measuring goods immediately.
Professor Qeleer sat lu an casv chair on
deck, looking very pale. Tho compassionate
captain asked how he felt. "Miserable, mis
orablo:I'm sick, captain, I'm Mck. 1 havo
paid tribute to Neptune till 1 havu lost every
thing." "But," said the captain, "I seo you
still havo your boots left." "Y03," said tho
professor, faintly, "but they were on tho out-
1UC."
A Stnhvart Winter or Old Days.
Tho wlntor ot 1741 was famous
throughout Now England 113 muoh cold
er than nny which hnd preceded it. Pro
bably no yoar since could furnish testi
mony for cold olthcr so intonso or so
protracted. Tho snow which covered
tho wholo country as early as tho 18th
of Novomber was still found tho next
April covorlng tho fonccs. Tho Boston
Post Boy for January 12th reports a tent
on tho Charles River for tho ontortaln
montot travolors. Tho Boston Nows
Lottor for March 6th tolls us that "peo
plo rido ovory day from Stratford, Ct.,
to Long Island, whloh is threo leagues."
Even as lar east as New London, wo aro
told that "tho ioo extended into tho
Sound as far as could bo seon from tho
town; and that Fishor's Island was unl
tod to tho main land by a solid bod."
On march 28, tho Boston Nows Letter
reports that tho peoplo living on Thomp
son's Island had crossed ovor to Dor;
chestor to church on tho ico for tho fif
teen prooedlng Suudays.
As lato ns tho 9 th of July a letter from
Now London, Conn., reports on tho
oast sido of tho Connecticut river a body
of ico as largo ns two carts cau draw;
cloar and solid, and adds very artlessly
that "it might lay thoro a month longor
woro it not that so many resort out of
curiosity to drink punch mado out of
it." On tho 17th of July snow was still
lying in mass in tho town of Ipswioh,
Mass., noarly four foot thick.
But tho most marvellous rooord of tho
season is the statomont mado by Alonzo
Lowls, author of the "Annuls of Lynn,
Mass.," that "Franols Lowls, tho signer
of tho Declaration of Indopondonco,
drovo his horso from Now York to
B arnstablo, tho wholo length of Long
sland Sound, ou tho ico."
1
PERSONALS
Tho wifo of Senator-elect Hmvlnv. nr
Connoticut, is ffcourin of Ijffnrv Ward
Beeoher.
Aloxandor H. Stephens believes Con
gress will voto to continue tho oolnago
of tho silver dollar.
Col. E. A. L. Roborts is oroditod with
tho intontlon to build and endow a sol
ontiflo and mechanical collonn ntTlinq.
li 0
Ponn,, tho building to oost about
$160,000.
Mr. Joaquin Mlltor's dlvorood wlfo,
"Minnio Myrtlo," is married to a houso
palntor at Portland, Orogon, nnd is la
poor health and unoomfortablo circum
stances. Mr. Sothorn lonvos throo children
His daughtor Eva has just mado a suo
ocssful dobut in London undor tho nu
sploos of Mr. Dion Bouoloault. Eyttoa
Sothorn is playing his fathora'a parts in
Australia. Another son is now in
Washington with John MoOnllougb.

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